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Solid-phase microextraction for determination of 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2[5H]-furanone in water

REZEMINI, Andrea L.; VAZ, Jorge M.; CARVALHO, Lilian R. F.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.34%
Solid-phase microextraction, using on-line bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide derivatisation, gas chromatography, and mass spectrometry, was evaluated in the quantification of 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX) in water samples. Fibres encompassing a wide range of polarities were used with headspace and direct immersion sampling. For the immersion procedure, various parameters affecting MX extraction, including pH, salinity, temperature, and extraction time were evaluated. The optimised method (polyacrylate fibre; 20% Na2SO4; pH 2.0; 60 min; 20 °C) was applied for reservoir chlorinated water samples-either natural or spiked with MX (50 ng L-1 and 100 ng L-1). The recovery of MX ranged from 44 to 72%. Quantification of MX in water samples was done using external standard and the selected ion monitoring mode. Correlation coefficient (0.98%), relative standard deviation (5%), limit of detection (30 ng L-1) and limit of quantification (50 ng L-1) were obtained from calibration curve.; Microextração em fase sólida, usando a derivatização on-line com bis(trimetilsilil)trifluoroacetamida, cromatografia a gás e espectrometria de massas, foi avaliada para a quantificação de 3-cloro-4-(diclorometil)-5-hidróxi-2(5H)-furanona (MX) em amostras de água. Foram usadas fibras de diferentes polaridades empregando a amostragem por imersão e por headspace. Para o sistema de imersão...

Enantioselective analysis of mirtazapine, demethylmirtazapine and 8-hydroxy mirtazapine in human urine after solid-phase microextraction

SANTANA, Fernando Jose Malagueno de; JABOR, Valquiria Aparecida Polisel; CESARINO, Evandro Jose; LANCHOTE, Vera Lucia; BONATO, Pierina Sueli
Fonte: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH Publicador: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.44%
A selective and reproducible off-line solid-phase microextraction procedure was developed for the simultaneous enantioselective determination of mirtazapine (MRT), demethylmirtazapine and 8-hydroxymirtazapine in human urine. CE was used for optimization of the extraction procedure whereas LC-MS was used for method validation and application. The influence of important factors in the solid-phase microextraction efficiency is discussed, such as the fiber coatings, extraction time, pH, ionic strength, temperature and desorption time. Before extraction, human urine samples were submitted to enzymatic hydrolysis at 37 degrees C for 16 h. Then, the enzyme was precipitated with trichloroacetic acid and the pH was adjusted to 8 with 1 mol/L pH 11 phosphate buffer solution. In the extraction, the analytes were transferred from the aqueous solution to the polydimethylsiloxane-divinylbenzene fiber coating and then desorbed in methanol. The mean recoveries were 5.4, 1.7 and 1.0% for MRT, demethylmirtazapine and 8-hydroxymirtazapine enantiomers, respectively. The method was linear over the concentration range of 62-1250 ng/mL. The within-day and between-day assay precision and accuracy were lower than 15%. The method was successfully employed in a preliminary cumulative urinary excretion study after administration of racemic MRT to a healthy volunteer.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cienifico...

In-tube solid-phase microextraction coupled to liquid chromatography (in-tube SPME/LC) analysis of nontricyclic antidepressants in human plasma

SILVA, Bruno Jose Goncalves; LANCAS, Fernando Mauro; QUEIROZ, Maria Eugenia Costa
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.34%
A sensitive, selective, and reproducible in-tube solid-phase microextraction and liquid chromatographic (in-tube SPME/LC-UV) method for simultaneous determination of mirrazapine, citalopram, paroxetine, duloxetine, fluoxetine, and sertraline in human plasma was developed, validated and further applied to the analysis of plasma samples from elderly patients undergoing therapy with antidepressants. Important factors in the optimization of in-tube SPME efficiency are discussed, including the sample draw/eject volume, draw/eject cycle number, draw/eject flow-rate, sample pH, and influence of plasma proteins. The quantification limits of the in-tube SPME/LC method varied between 20 and 50 ng/mL, with a coefficient of variation lower than 10%. The response of the in-tube SPME/LC method for most of the drugs was linear over a dynamic range from 50 to 500 ng/mL, with correlation coefficients higher than 0.9985. The in-tube SPME/LC can be successfully used to analyze plasma samples from ageing patients undergoing therapy with nontricyclic antidepressants. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Determination of fluoxetine and norfluoxetine enantiomers in human plasma by polypyrrole-coated capillary in-tube solid-phase microextraction coupled with liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection

SILVA, Bruno Jose Goncalves; LANCAS, Fernando Mauro; QUEIROZ, Maria Eugenia Costa
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.36%
A sensitive, selective, and reproducible in-tube polypyrrole-coated capillary (PPY) solid-phase microextraction and liquid chromatographic method for fluoxetine and norfluoxetine enantiomers analysis in plasma samples has been developed, validated, and further applied to the analysis of plasma samples from elderly patients undergoing therapy with antidepressants. Important factors in the optimization of in-tube SPME efficiency are discussed, including the sample draw/eject volume, draw/eject cycle number, draw/eject flow-rate, sample pH, and influence of plasma proteins. Separation of the analytes was achieved with a Chiralcel OD-R column and a mobile phase consisting of potassium hexafluorophosphate 7.5 mM and sodium phosphate 0.25 M solution, pH 3.0, and acetonitrile (75:25, v/v) in the isocratic mode, at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. Detection was carried out by fluorescence absorbance at Ex/Em 230/290 nm. The multifunctional porous surface structure of the PPY-coated film provided high precision and accuracy for enantiomers. Compared with other commercial capillaries, PPY-coated capillary showed better extraction efficiency for all the analytes. The quantification limits of the proposed method were 10 ng/mL for R- and S-fluoxetine...

Automated determination of rifampicin in plasma samples by in-tube solid-phase microextraction coupled with liquid chromatography

MELO, L. P.; QUEIROZ, R. H. C.; QUEIROZ, M. E. C.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.37%
A sensitive and automated method is described for determination of rifampicin in plasma samples for therapeutic drug monitoring by in-tube solid-phase microextraction coupled with liquid chromatography (in-tube SPME/LC). Important factors in the optimization of in-tube SPME are discussed, such as coating type, sample pH, sample draw/eject volume, number of draw/eject cycles, and draw/eject flow rate. Analyte pre-concentrated in the polyethylene glycol phase was directly transferred to the liquid chromatographic column by percolation of the mobile phase, without carryover. The method was linear over the 0.1-100 mu g/mL range, with a linear coefficient value (r(2)) of 0.998. The inter-assay precision presented coefficient of variation <= 1.7%. The effectiveness and practicability of the proposed method are proven by analysis of plasma samples from ageing patients undergoing therapy with rifampicin. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)

Evaluation of Solid-Phase Microextraction using a Polythiophene Film and Liquid Chromatography with Spectrophotometric Detection for the Determination of Antidepressants in Plasma Samples

Caris, Juciene A.; Chaves, Andrea R.; Queiroz, Maria Eugenia C.
Fonte: SOC BRASILEIRA QUIMICA; SAO PAULO Publicador: SOC BRASILEIRA QUIMICA; SAO PAULO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.36%
Polythiophene (PTh) phase electropolymerized on the stainless steel wire was evaluated as solid-phase microextraction (SPME), and analysis by liquid chromatography with spectrophotometric detection (LC-UV) for determination of new-generation antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (citalopram, paroxetine, fluoxetine and sertraline), in plasma samples. The influence of electropolymerization variables (scan rate, potential range and scan cycles) was evaluated on SPME performance. The SPME variables (extraction time, temperature, matrix pH, ionic strength and desorption procedure), as well as the influence of plasma proteins on sorption mechanisms were also evaluated. The SPME/LC-UV method developed for determination of antidepressants in plasma sample presented a linear range between the limit of quantification (LOQ, 200-250 ng mL(-1)) to 4000 ng mL(-1), and interday precision with coefficient of variation (CV) ranged from 11 to 15%. The proposed method can be a useful tool for the determination of antidepressants in human plasma samples in urgent toxicological analysis after the accidental or suicidal intake of higher doses of medications.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)

Solid-phase microextraction combined with comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography for fatty acid profiling of cell wall phospholipids

Bogusz, Stanislau, Jr.; Hantao, Leandro Wang; Gonzaga Neves Braga, Soraia Cristina; Rodrigues de Matos Franca, Valtenice de Cassia; da Costa, Marcelo Fernandes; Hamer, Russell David; Ventura, Dora Fix; Augusto, Fabio
Fonte: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH; WEINHEIM Publicador: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH; WEINHEIM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.34%
The combination of solid-phase microextraction (SPME) with comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography is evaluated here for fatty acid (FA) profiling of the glycerophospholipid fraction from human buccal mucosal cells. A base-catalyzed derivatization reaction selective for polar lipids such as glycerophospholipid was adopted. SPME is compared to a miniaturized liquidliquid extraction procedure for the isolation of FA methyl esters produced in the derivatization step. The limits of detection and limits of quantitation were calculated for each sample preparation method. Because of its lower values of limits of detection and quantitation, SPME was adopted. The extracted analytes were separated, detected, and quantified by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (FID). The combination of SPME and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with FID, using a selective derivatization reaction in the preliminary steps, proved to be a simple and fast procedure for FA profiling, and was successfully applied to the analysis of adult human buccal mucosal cells.; CAPES (Brazilian Ministry of Education Agency for Improvement of Graduate Personnel); CAPES (Brazilian Ministry of Education Agency for Improvement of Graduate Personnel); FAPESP (Foundation for Research of the State of Sao Paulo); FAPESP (Foundation for Research of the State of Sao Paulo); ProReitoria of the University of Sao Paulo; ProReitoria of the University of Sao Paulo

Automated analysis of lidocaine and its metabolite in plasma by in-tube solid-phase microextraction coupled with LC-UV for pharmacokinetic study

Caris, Juciene Aparecida; Goncalves Silva, Bruno Jose; Dantas Moises, Elaine Christine; Lanchote, Vera Lucia; Costa Queiroz, Maria Eugenia
Fonte: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH; WEINHEIM Publicador: WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH; WEINHEIM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.34%
A sensitive, selective, and reproducible in-tube solid-phase microextraction and liquid chromatographic (in-tube SPME/LC-UV) method for determination of lidocaine and its metabolite monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX) in human plasma has been developed, validated, and further applied to pharmacokinetic study in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) subjected to epidural anesthesia. Important factors in the optimization of in-tube SPME performance are discussed, including the draw/eject sample volume, draw/eject cycle number, draw/eject flow rate, sample pH, and influence of plasma proteins. The limits of quantification of the in-tube SPME/LC method were 50 ng/mL for both metabolite and lidocaine. The interday and intraday precision had coefficients of variation lower than 8%, and accuracy ranged from 95 to 117%. The response of the in-tube SPME/LC method for analytes was linear over a dynamic range from 50 to 5000 ng/mL, with correlation coefficients higher than 0.9976. The developed in-tube SPME/LC method was successfully used to analyze lidocaine and its metabolite in plasma samples from pregnant women with GDM subjected to epidural anesthesia for pharmacokinetic study.

Evaluation of solid-phase microextraction using a polythiophene film and liquid chromatography with spectrophotometric detection for the determination of antidepressants in plasma samples

Caris, Juciene A.; Chaves, Andréa R.; Nassur, Maria Eugenia Queiroz
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.36%
Polythiophene (PTh) phase electropolymerized on the stainless steel wire was evaluated as solid-phase microextraction (SPME), and analysis by liquid chromatography with spectrophotometric detection (LC-UV) for determination of new-generation antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (citalopram, paroxetine, fluoxetine and sertraline), in plasma samples. The influence of electropolymerization variables (scan rate, potential range and scan cycles) was evaluated on SPME performance. The SPME variables (extraction time, temperature, matrix pH, ionic strength and desorption procedure), as well as the influence of plasma proteins on sorption mechanisms were also evaluated. The SPME/LC-UV method developed for determination of antidepressants in plasma sample presented a linear range between the limit of quantification (LOQ, 200-250 ng mL-1) to 4000 ng mL-1, and interday precision with coefficient of variation (CV) ranged from 11 to 15%. The proposed method can be a useful tool for the determination of antidepressants in human plasma samples in urgent toxicological analysis after the accidental or suicidal intake of higher doses of medications.

Determinação de canabinóides em cabelo por microextração em fase sólida por Headspace e análise por espectrometria de massa associada à cromatografia em fase gasosa; Determination of cannabinoids in hair by Headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Oliveira, Carolina Dizioli Rodrigues de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/07/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.34%
Foi desenvolvido um método para determinar canabinóides (canabidiol, canabinol e delta-9-tetraidrocanabinol) no cabelo. Uma amostra de 10mg foi descontaminada com diclorometano, seguida de digestão alcalina, microextração em fase sólida por headspace (HS-SPME) e analisada por espectrometria de massa associada à cromatografia em fase gasosa (GC/MS). Os limites de detecção e de quantificação foram de 0,07 e 0,12 ng/mg, respectivamente, para todos canabinóides estudados. O método demonstrou ser simples, rápido, preciso e linear no intervalo de 0,12 a 12 ng/mg (r2 > 0,98). Amostras de cabelo de 8 usuários de Cannabis foram coletadas de pacientes provenientes de uma clínica dependentes pela equipe médica. O método mostrou-se eficiente em amostras de cabelos de usuários que faziam uso da droga pelo menos 10 vezes por semana.; A method was to develop to detect cannabinoids (cannabidiol, cannabinol and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) in hair. A 10 mg of hair sample was descontaminated by dichloromethane followed by alkalin digestion, headspace solid-phase microextraction technique (HS-SPME) and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (CG/MS). The detection and quantitation limits were 0,07 and 0,12ng/mg respectively for all studied cannabinoids. The method proved to be simple...

The Use of Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction (HS-SPME) to Assess the Quality and Stability of Fruit Products: An Example Using Red Mombin Pulp (Spondias purpurea L.)

Todisco, Katieli Martins; Castro-Alves, Victor Costa; Garruti, Deborah dos Santos; Correia da Costa, Jose Maria; Clemente, Edmar
Fonte: Mdpi Ag Publicador: Mdpi Ag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 16851-16860
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.34%
The present study aimed to evaluate the volatiles profile of red mombin (Spondias purpurea) pulp and its powder produced by spray-drying (SD) as an example to show utility of headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) in the analysis of parameters such as the quality and stability of fruit products. Volatiles profiles of the pulp were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), quantified by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) and compared to the profile of the powder stored at 0, 60 and 120 days in plastic (PP) or laminated packages (LP). The results showed that the technique was able to identify 36 compounds in the red mombin pulp, 17 out of which have been described for the first time in this fruit, showing that red mombin fresh pulp appears to be unique in terms of volatiles composition. However, only 24 compounds were detected in the powder. This decrease is highly correlated (r(2) = 0.99), at least for the majority of compounds, to the degree of volatility of compounds. Furthermore, the powder stored in PP or LP showed no statistical differences in the amounts of its components for a period of 120 days of storage. Finally, this work shows how HS-SPME analysis can be a valuable tool to assess the quality and stability of fruit products.

Utilização de metodos quimiometricos em cromatografia gasosa com microextração em fase solida; Utilization of chemometric methods in gas chromatography with solid phase microextraction

Gilmare Antonia Silva
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/07/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.34%
A proposta deste trabalho foi explorar a utilização da cromatografia gasosa com a etapa prévia de preparação da amostra através da microextração em fase sólida em diferentes matrizes, potencializando, inovando e viabilizando essas aplicações através de metodologias de quimiometria, especialmente aquelas que envolvem técnicas de inteligência artificial. Foi realizada a otimização simultânea da determinação de cinco pesticidas em infusos de Passiflora alata Dryander (maracujá doce) através de abordagem neuro-genética, ou seja, utilização de algoritmo genético para a otimização da rede neural modelada. Foram obtidos para duas fibras de extração (PDMS/PVA e PDMS 30 µM) os valores dos parâmetros de extração, respectivamente: 67 e 77 % para diluição do chá, 65,5 e 65,0 ºC para temperatura de extração, 50 e 39 minutos para tempo de extração e 0,36 g mL de concentração de NaCl para ambas as fibras. A abordagem neuro-genética foi também utilizada para a otimização simultânea da determinação de 12 bifenilas policloradas em leite materno. O algoritmo genético forneceu as melhores condições de extração como concentração de NaCl de 0,36 g mL, temperatura de extração de 95,0 ºC, tempo de extração de 60 minutos e adição de 210 µL de metanol. Utilizando cerveja como matriz foi realizado um estudo exploratório de 20 marcas comerciais brasileiras de cerveja em lata através da rede neural de Kohonen. Foi possível visualizar a formação de seis grupos e os espectros de massas permitiram identificar os compostos voláteis responsáveis pelas similaridades e dessemelhanças entre as cervejas...

Extração de especies organoestancias em sedimento por microextração em fase solida acoplada ao forno de grafite e determinação de estanho total por amostragem em suspensão; Extraction of organotin species in sediment employing solid phase microextraction coupled to graphite furnace and total tin determination by slurry sampling

Aline Soriano Lopes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/08/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.56%
Este trabalho de Tese visa acoplar a fibra, empregada em microextração em fase sólida (SPME, do inglês solid phase microextraction), ao espectrômetro de absorção atômica com forno de grafite (GF AAS, do inglês graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometer), visando reter espécies organometálicas volatilizadas nas etapas de secagem e pirólise do GF AAS. O elemento escolhido para avaliar o acoplamento SPME-GF AAS foi o Sn. Primeiramente, a concentração total de Sn foi determinada, utilizando a amostragem em suspensão como estratégia, uma vez que na avaliação da distribuição dos compostos organoestânicos por SPME-GF AAS, a concentração total de Sn seria efetuada a partir de uma suspensão. Para a otimização do método foram avaliados os seguintes parâmetros: solução de preparo da suspensão, e efeito da temperatura de pirólise e atomização. A mistura contendo HF 10 % (v/v) e HNO3 1 % (v/v) foi escolhida para preparar a suspensão, a composição Mg(NO3)2 + NH4H2PO4 apresentou resultados apropriados para ser utilizada como modificador químico convencional, e 1000 e 2200 °C foram as temperaturas ótimas para a pirólise e a atomização, respectivamente. Devido ao efeito de matriz, foi utilizada a técnica de adição de analito para a quantificação de Sn em suspensões de sedimento marinho e de rio...

Microextração em fase sólida e cromatografia gasosa bidimensional abrangente : aplicações em lipidômica; Solid phase microextraction and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography : applications in lipidomics

Leandro Wang Hantao
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/06/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.34%
Neste trabalho foram desenvolvidas metodologias para a análise de lipídios na forma de seus ésteres metílicos de ácido graxo (FAME) em diversas matrizes. Para isso foram empregadas e otimizadas de forma multivariada técnicas de derivatização dos lipídios por transesterificação por catálise básica, seu isolamento e concentração por Microextração em Fase Sólida (SPME) e análise por Cromatografia Gasosa Bidimensional Abrangente (GCxGC). A partir do perfil de extração foi escolhida a fibra comercial com revestimento de poli(dimetilsiloxano) (PDMS) com espessura de filme de 7 mm. O tempo de extração escolhido foi de 10 min pois atingiu a condição de sistema estacionário. Os parâmetros cromatográficos, tais como a programação de temperatura do forno, período de modulação e tipo de fase estacionária das colunas utilizadas no protótipo GCxGC, foram também otimizados. Além disso, durante o progresso deste trabalho, foi desenvolvido o primeiro protótipo brasileiro de GCxGC acoplado a um Espectrômetro de Massas com Analizador Quadrupolar rápido (GCxGCxqMS). Dentre os parâmetros operacionais do qMS, foram otimizados o intervalo de varredura do analizador quadrupolar e sua frequencia de aquisição. O sistema GCxGCxqMS foi empregado para a identificação dos FAME presentes nas amostras empregadas neste estudo...

Microextração em fase sólida e cromatografia gasosa convencional e bidimensional para classificação de méis; Solid phase microextraction and conventional and comprehensive gas chromatography for the classification of honeys

Sandra Regina Rivellino Marques
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/11/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.34%
A técnica de microextração em fase sólida através do headspace (HS-SPME) combinada com a cromatografia gasosa bidimensional abrangente e detecção por ionização em chama (GCxGCxFID) foi empregada para detectar artefatos formados durante o preparo da amostra de méis, que poderiam ser prejudiciais ao processo de identificação de sua origem floral. O método foi otimizado utilizando-se planejamento multivariado. Para isso, uma mistura de diferentes tipos de méis brasileiros foi usada como modelo. Os artefatos de extração identificados foram classificados como resultantes da manipulação através do HS. A influência da temperatura e do tempo de exposição ao tratamento térmico também foi avaliada. A identificação da fração volátil da mistura de mel foi realizada por GCxGCxFID e cromatografia gasosa acoplada à espectrometria de massas com analisador quadrupolar (GC-QMS) comparando-se o índice de retenção linear com programação de temperatura obtido na primeira dimensão (D-LTPRI), calculado a partir dos cromatogramas obtidos por GCxGCxFID, e os índices obtidos por GC-QMS para as mesmas amostras. Esta identificação foi confirmada por cromatografia gasosa bidimensional abrangente combinada a um espectrômetro de massas por tempo de vôo (GCxGCxTOFMS). Portanto...

Novas abordagens para microextração em fase sólida (SPME) : extração empregando fibra resfriada e uso de recobrimentos poliméricos iônicos líquidos; New approaches to solid-phase microextraction (SPME) : cold fiber extractions and polimeric ionic liquid sorbent coatings

Bruna Regina de Toledo Sampaio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/03/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.36%
Nesta dissertação é descrita duas novas abordagens para microextração em fase sólida. A primeira delas tem como objetivo aumentar a massa extraída já que a mesma é limitada pelo reduzido volume da fase extratora. Para isso, foi proposto o desenvolvimento de um dispositivo, no qual ocorre a compartimentalização do processo de dessorção dos analitos da matriz e a sorção dos mesmos pela fibra de SPME. Dessa forma é possível operar simultaneamente nas temperaturas ótimas de cada processo. O processo de extração ocorre no modo headspace dinâmico, no qual um gás de purga é percolado pela matriz, tornando-se saturado pelos analitos. Este gás transporta os analitos para o interior do dispositivo onde os mesmos serão extraídos pela fibra de SPME resfriada. Esse resfriamento é necessário pois a sorção do analitos pela fibra é um processo exotérmico. Já a segunda abordagem propõe a confecção de novas fibras sortivas baseadas em polímeros iônicos líquidos com o intuito de expandir a aplicabilidade da SPME pois comercialmente, a quantidade de fibras disponíveis é bastante limitada, principalmente no que se refere à extração de analitos polares. Nesta abordagem foi possível a criação de uma nova rota para confecção de fibras baseadas em polímeros iônicos líquidos empregando-se nitinol como suporte...

Simple and solvent-free methodology for simultaneous quantification of methanol and acetic acid content of plant polysaccharides based on headspace solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography (HS-SPME-GC-FID)

Nunes, Cláudia; Rocha, Sílvia M.; Saraiva, Jorge; Coimbra, Manuel A.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.34%
A simple and solvent-free methodology is proposed for the simultaneous determination of methanol and acetic acid content of any type of plant cell wall polysaccharides. The methanol and acetic acid, released by saponification, are extracted from the headspace of the aqueous solution by solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) using a DVB/Carboxen/PDMS fibre. The analytes are separated by gas chromatography and detected using a flame ionization detector (GC-FID). The quantification of methanol and acetic acid is done using external calibration curves. A linear relationship between the concentration of methanol (40–100 mg L−1) and acetic acid (25–105 mg L−1) and their GC peak area was observed (r2=0.987 and 0.988, respectively) with a reproducibility of 10%. HS-SPME-GC-FID revealed to be a clean, simple, fast and reliable methodology for the determination of the methanol and acetic acid content of cell wall polysaccharide extracts.

Evaluation of solid-phase microextraction using a polythiophene film and liquid chromatography with spectrophotometric detection for the determination of antidepressants in plasma samples

Caris,Juciene A.; Chaves,Andréa R.; Queiroz,Maria Eugênia C.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.36%
Polythiophene (PTh) phase electropolymerized on the stainless steel wire was evaluated as solid-phase microextraction (SPME), and analysis by liquid chromatography with spectrophotometric detection (LC-UV) for determination of new-generation antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (citalopram, paroxetine, fluoxetine and sertraline), in plasma samples. The influence of electropolymerization variables (scan rate, potential range and scan cycles) was evaluated on SPME performance. The SPME variables (extraction time, temperature, matrix pH, ionic strength and desorption procedure), as well as the influence of plasma proteins on sorption mechanisms were also evaluated. The SPME/LC-UV method developed for determination of antidepressants in plasma sample presented a linear range between the limit of quantification (LOQ, 200-250 ng mL-1) to 4000 ng mL-1, and interday precision with coefficient of variation (CV) ranged from 11 to 15%. The proposed method can be a useful tool for the determination of antidepressants in human plasma samples in urgent toxicological analysis after the accidental or suicidal intake of higher doses of medications.

Effectiveness of high-throughput miniaturized sorbent- and solid phase microextraction techniques combined with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis for a rapid screening of volatile and semi-volatile composition of wines: a comparative study

Mendes, Berta; Gonçalves, João; Câmara, José S.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.51%
In this study the feasibility of different extraction procedures was evaluated in order to test their potential for the extraction of the volatile (VOCs) and semi-volatile constituents (SVOCs) from wines. In this sense, and before they could be analysed by gas chromatography–quadrupole first stage masss spectrometry (GC–qMS), three different high-throughput miniaturized (ad)sorptive extraction techniques, based on solid phase extraction (SPE), microextraction by packed sorbents (MEPS) and solid phase microextraction (SPME), were studied for the first time together, for the extraction step. To achieve the most complete volatile and semi-volatile signature, distinct SPE (LiChrolut EN, Poropak Q, Styrene-Divinylbenzene and Amberlite XAD-2) and MEPS (C2, C8, C18, Silica and M1 (mixed C8-SCX)) sorbent materials, and different SPME fibre coatings (PA, PDMS, PEG, DVB/CAR/PDMS, PDMS/DVB, and CAR/PDMS), were tested and compared. All the extraction techniques were followed by GC–qMS analysis, which allowed the identification of up to 103 VOCs and SVOCs, distributed by distinct chemical families: higher alcohols, esters, fatty acids, carbonyl compounds and furan compounds. Mass spectra, standard compounds and retention index were used for identification purposes. SPE technique...

Methylmercury determination in biota by solid-phase microextraction matrix effect evaluation

Carrasco Cabrera, Luis; Díez Salvador, Sergi; Bayona Termens, Josep María
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 19968 bytes; application/msword
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.36%
5 pages, 4 figures.-- PMID: 17936289 [PubMed].-- Printed version published on Dec 7, 2007.; Issue title: ExTech 2007 - 9th International Symposium on Advances in Extraction Technologies (Alesund, Norway, June 3-6, 2007).; Aqueous-phase alkylation followed by, headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for mercury speciation in biota, was developed a decade ago. Despite this, matrix effects in this technique have not yet been addressed. In this paper, the importance of these effects has been assessed and overcome by standard addition calibration. Furthermore, improvements were made in the extraction of methylmercury (MeHg) from biological matrixes by optimizing the matrix digestion procedure (temperature and digestion time) and the SPME parameters (aliquot volume of digested samples, extraction temperature and fibre coating), which aimed to minimize the matrix effects. Accordingly, samples were alkaline digested (KOH, 25%, w/v, 60ºC, 180 min) and an aliquot was propylated using an aqueous NaBPr4 solution, headspace SPME sampling and, finally, by using GC-pyrolysis (Py)-atomic fluorescence spectrometry (AFS) determination. The procedure developed was validated using dogfish muscle reference material NRCC DORM-2.; Financial support was obtained from the Spanish Ministry of Environment and the ACA (Generalitat de Catalunya). Authors acknowledge the collaboration of J. Benito...