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"Dispêndio energético, perfil antropométrico, idade e condições socioeconômicas de mulheres na faixa etária de 40 a 64 anos, cadastradas no programa de saúde da família, na cidade de Ribeirão Preto" ; "Energy expenditure, anthropometric profile, age and socioeconomic status of women aged 40-64 years, registered in the Family Health Program in Ribeirão Preto."

Ramos, Liliana Figueiredo Andrade de Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2004 PT
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OBJETIVO: Esse estudo teve como objetivo verificar as associações entre dispêndio energético (Kcal), perfil antropométrico (índice de massa corporal (IMC) e relação cintura/quadril (RCQ)), idade e condição socioeconômica (grau de escolaridade e renda per capita) de mulheres, na faixa etária de 40 a 64 anos, cadastradas no Programa de Saúde da Família. METODOLOGIA: A amostra contituiu-se de 147 mulheres, que responderam a um inquérito domiciliar, com intuito de avaliar o dispêndio energético e as condições socioeconômicas e em seguida foram realizadas as medidas antropométricas. Com exceção do dispêndio energético, as demais variáveis foram categorizadas para processar o teste de Kruskal-Wallis, adotando um nível de significância de 5% (α=0,05) para as tomadas de decisão. RESULTADOS: O dispêndio energético apresentou relação direta ao IMC (p=0,0001) e inversa aos graus de escolaridade (p=0,0407) e idade (p=0,0417), mas não se verificou associação em relação à RCQ (p=0,1288) e renda per capita (p=0,1984). Também não foram encontradas associações para as análises entre IMC e renda per capita (p=0,8263), grau de escolaridade (p=0,1326) e idade (p=0,7423). Na avaliação da RCQ foi observada uma relação inversa à renda per capita (p=0...

Avaliação de estresse, morbidade psiquiatrica e marcadores inflamatorios em individuos de baixo status socioeconomico; Stress, psychiatric morbidity and inflammatory markers in low socioeconomic status individuals

Aglecio Luiz de Souza
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/12/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
Muitos estudos demonstram associação entre baixo status socioeconômico e alta prevalência de morbidade psiquiátrica. Entretanto, em países da América Latina, incluindo o Brasil, nos quais as diferenças sociais são maiores, estes estudos são escassos. Fatores psicossociais são importantes mediadores da relação entre saúde e status socioeconômico, e as respostas neuroendócrinas e imunológicas podem explicar a patogênese de morbidade psiquiátrica associada ao estresse psicossocial. Esta resposta é modulada pelo cortisol e por mediadores inflamatórios. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a associação entre índice de estresse percebido, prevalência de morbidade psiquiátrica, concentrações séricas de interleucina 6 (IL-6), fator de necrose tumoral-α (TNF-α) e proteína C reativa (PCR), bem como de cortisol salivar em indivíduos de baixo status socioeconômico. Sessenta e cinco indivíduos foram submetidos a análises psicométricas utilizando-se a Entrevista Clínica Estruturada Revisada (CIS-R), o Questionário de Estresse Percebido (QEP) e a Escala Hospitalar de Ansiedade e Depressão, e forneceram amostras de sangue e saliva para determinação da concentração dos marcadores acima mencionados. Os resultados mostraram alto índice de estresse percebido e alta prevalência de morbidade psiquiátrica...

Perception of health state and the use of vignettes to calibrate for socioeconomic status: results of the World Health Survey in Brazil, 2003

Damacena, Giseli Nogueira; Vasconcellos, Mauricio Teixeira Leite de; Szwarcwald, Celia Landmann
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Sa??de P??blica/ Funda????o Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Sa??de P??blica/ Funda????o Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
1 e 2 Giseli Nogueira Damacena; 2 Mauricio Teixeira Leite de Vasconcellos; 1 C??lia Landmann Szwarcwald 1 Centro de Informa????o Cient??fica e Tecnol??gica, Funda????o Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil 2 Programa de Mestrado em Estudos Populacionais e Pesquisas Sociais, Escola Nacional de Ci??ncias Estat??sticas, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; As part of the World Health Organization (WHO) project focused on assessing the performance of national health systems, the World Health Survey (WHS) was carried out in many member countries. In order to enable comparison of self-rated health between different cultures of the same country or between different nations, the WHS questionnaire included vignettes of sample cases, that is, hypothetical stories that describe the health problems of third parties. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the possibility of using vignette ratings to implement a socioeconomic calibration scale for self-rated health in Brazil. Using Brazilian WHS data, perceptions of state of health, measured through two different strategies (self-rating and vignette-rating), were compared. The effects of socioeconomic status (educational level and number of household assets) on health domain ratings were estimated via multiple regression models...

Perception of health state and the use of vignettes to calibrate for socioeconomic status: results of the World Health Survey in Brazil, 2003

Damacena,Giseli Nogueira; Vasconcellos,Mauricio Teixeira Leite de; Szwarcwald,Célia Landmann
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
As part of the World Health Organization (WHO) project focused on assessing the performance of national health systems, the World Health Survey (WHS) was carried out in many member countries. In order to enable comparison of self-rated health between different cultures of the same country or between different nations, the WHS questionnaire included vignettes of sample cases, that is, hypothetical stories that describe the health problems of third parties. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the possibility of using vignette ratings to implement a socioeconomic calibration scale for self-rated health in Brazil. Using Brazilian WHS data, perceptions of state of health, measured through two different strategies (self-rating and vignette-rating), were compared. The effects of socioeconomic status (educational level and number of household assets) on health domain ratings were estimated via multiple regression models, controlled for age and sex. The effects of socioeconomic status were significant for the majority of health domains in the case of self-perception, but statistically null in the case of third party ratings. It is concluded that the WHO vignettes are not appropriate for calibrating self-rated health measures in Brazil.

Socioeconomic status in Brazilian psychological research: I. validity, measurement, and application

Ribas Jr.,Rodolfo de Castro; Moura,Maria Lucia Seidl de; Soares,Isabela Dias; Gomes,Alessandra Aparecida do Nascimento; Bornstein,Marc H.
Fonte: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte Publicador: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
This review has several objectives: To describe and discuss theoretical conceptions of the construct of socioeconomic status (SES) and to argue for its vital role in psychological research; to present and analyze procedures employed to measure SES and trends in their utilization; and to review and discuss the use of SES measures in Brazilian psychological literature. The relative position of individuals, families, and groups in a given hierarchy (frequently converted into a score produced by a scale) is what has usually been called SES. The main indicators and procedures used to measure SES are discussed in regard to its advantages and disadvantages. A review of the literature offers evidence of the importance of the SES in different psychological processes. A systematic evaluation of articles from the PsycARTICLES database was conducted and revealed that the percentage of articles published annually that employed socioeconomic status increased steadily and substantially from 1988 through 2000 and that SES has been consistently applied more in some research areas (e.g., developmental, clinical, social psychology). A content analysis of the use of SES in articles published from 1981 through 2001 in three prominent Brazilian psychology journals was conducted showing that reliable SES measures are not commonly used in the Brazilian psychological literature. The results of these reviews and analyses are discussed in terms of their implications for further progress of psychological literature...

The Relationship Between Socioeconomic Status, Course Delivery Method, and Student Success at a State College: A Single Institution Analysis

Garcia, Rolando
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In an effort to improve instruction and better accommodate the needs of students, community colleges are offering courses delivered in a variety of delivery formats that require students to have some level of technology fluency to be successful in the course. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between student socioeconomic status (SES), course delivery method, and course type on enrollment, final course grades, course completion status, and course passing status at a state college. A dataset for 20,456 students of low and not low SES enrolled in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) course types delivered using traditional, online, blended, and web enhanced course delivery formats at Miami Dade College, a large open access 4-year state college located in Miami-Dade County, Florida, was analyzed. A factorial ANOVA using course type, course delivery method, and student SES found no significant differences in final course grades when used to determine if course delivery methods were equally effective for students of low and not low SES taking STEM course types. Additionally, three chi-square goodness-of-fit tests were used to investigate for differences in enrollment, course completion and course passing status by SES...

Modelling the links between socioeconomic status and health in Australia: a dynamic microsimulation approach

Walker, Agnes
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
This thesis concerns the modelling of individuals’ health over the life course, within the framework set by the now substantial international literature on the relationship between socioeconomic status and health. The focus is on people with long term illnesses and related disabilities, on inequalities in health by socioeconomic status (SES) and on the impact of health on employment. ¶ The main tool of analysis is a dynamic microsimulation model of the Australian population which tracks the demographic, socioeconomic and financial characteristics of individuals and their families over the life course. Its original form, developed at the National Centre for Socioeconomic Modelling, University of Canberra, is based on a one per cent representative sample of the Australian population (around 150,000 individuals), with a series of life course events simulated for individuals and their families up to 2050 - such as births, deaths, migration, taxes, education, labour force participation, earned income, wealth accumulation and government transfers. ...; yes

Location and socioeconomic status: Torres Strait Islanders, 1996

Arthur, Bill (W S)
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 386620 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
Using several categories of data from the 1996 Census, this paper assesses the socioeconomic status of Torres Strait Islanders compared to that of non-Indigenous people. As in earlier research, the paper points out that Torres Strait Islanders in Torres Strait live in a different economic and policy environment from those on the mainland, suggesting the need for different policy strategies to improve socioeconomic status. The data indicate that Islanders on the mainland are closer to achieving parity with non-Indigenous people than are those residing in Torres Strait. The paper proposes that the policy environment for Torres Strait Islanders also varies across the mainland, with only the Queensland Government making any particular concessions to Torres Strait Islanders as a specific group. However, overall, the data suggest that it is in Queensland that Islanders are furthest from parity with non-Indigenous people. In no State/Territory do Torres Strait Islanders own their own homes to the same extent as non-Indigenous people, nor are they as likely to have tertiary qualifications. Though the employment data are influenced by the fact that it includes those working in the Community Development Employment Projects scheme, it suggests that Islanders are close to parity with non-Indigenous people in waged-employment and self-employment in all States except Queensland and the Northern Territory. Islanders are approaching parity in private sector employment everywhere on the mainland...

Does IQ vary systematically with all measures of socioeconomic status in a cohort of middle-aged, and older, men?

Kelly, S.; Burns, N.; Bradman, G.; Wittert, G.; Daniel, M.
Fonte: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc Publicador: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
Differences in IQ have been offered as an explanation for socioeconomic gradients in morbidity and mor-tality. Previous research has largely relied on linking education and conscription testing data with later life health. As this early life testing was used to determine a person’s academic path it is difficult to dis-entangle the effects of IQ from education. This study used IQ and socioeconomic status (SES) data col-lected concurrently in mid-life from men who did not experience IQ-test-driven career path direction in early life. If IQ is associated with SES generally then multiple domains of IQ it will be associated with all components of SES. In a subsample of men aged 35 - 80 (n = 287) from the Florey Adelaide Male Ageing Study, we evaluated relationships between each of four domains of cognitive ability (IQ domains): fluid (Gf); crystallised (Gc); visual/spatial (Gv) and processing speed (Gs). SES was measured as standardized education, income, occupational prestige and deprivation score. Age-adjusted linear regression was used to test each SES-z-score individually against each IQ domain. Then all four SES measures were included in a single model for each IQ domain. This study found that a panel of standard IQ tests were positively associated with attained education but not with income or area-level deprivation score. Two IQ abilities...

Perceção de competência dos alunos em educação física: a influência das variáveis género, ano de escolaridade e nível socioeconómico; Students skills perception in physical education: the influence of gender, age and socioeconomic status

Guedes, Vânia Janete de Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
Relatório de estágio de mestrado em Ensino de Educação Física nos Ensinos Básico e Secundário; O presente relatório descreve o processo da Prática de Ensino Supervisionada, com vista à criação de um documento orientador da presente formação que potencie as capacidades do estagiário e que solicite momentos de reflexão para contornar as diversas dificuldades face às exigências da futura profissão de docente. O relatório encontra-se dividido em três capítulos: Enquadramento da Prática de Ensino Supervisionada (PES) é composto pela descrição do meu percurso académico e expetativas relativas à (PES) e caraterização da instituição onde estive inserida, bem como o meio social, económico e cultural; Realização da Prática de Ensino Supervisionada, este encontra-se dividido em duas áreas, nomeadamente Organização e gestão de ensino e da aprendizagem e Participação na escola e relação com a comunidade. Por último, o capitulo Investigação e Desenvolvimento Profissional é composto pelas fases integrantes do estudo PERCEÇÃO DE COMPETÊNCIA DOS ALUNOS EM EDUCAÇÃO FÍSICA: a influência das variáveis género, ano de escolaridade e nível socioeconómico. O estudo tem como objetivo analisar a perceção de competência em Educação Física de alunos do 8º e 10º ano de escolaridade de um colégio privado...

Socioeconomic status and performance in the US Navy and US Air Force

Harper, Rebecca L.; Heldreth, Carl R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xx, 119 p.;28 cm.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited.; Policy makers concerned about population representation in America's armed forces have frequently referred to the unfair burden" of military service borne by young people from lower socioeconomic backgrounds. The purpose of this study was to examine the socioeconomic status (SES) of recruits in the Navy and Air Force and to analyze the relationship between a recruits SES background and his or her performance in the military over time. Data for this study were obtained from three sources: the Department of Defense Survey of Recruit Socioeconomic Backgrounds (SES survey), Military Entrance Processing Command enlisted cohort files, and personnel data files provided by the Navy and Air Force. After merging these data files, the SES survey respondents were tracked longitudinally, and several analyses were undertaken to assess the relationship between SES and performance in the military. The results of this research show that recruits in both services come from slightly lower SES backgrounds than do youths in the general population; and, most of this difference can be explained by the fact that sailors and airmen are consistently underrepresented in the highest measures or correlates of SES and over-represented in the lowest ones. Additionally...

Socioeconomic status as determinant of risk factors for overweight in adolescents; Status socioeconômico como determinante de fatores de risco associados com o sobrepeso em adolescentes

FERNANDES, Rômulo Araújo; CHRISTOFARO, Diego Giulliano Destro; CARDOSO, Jefferson Rosa; RONQUE, Enio Ricardo Vaz; FREITAS JÚNIOR, Ismael Forte; KAWAGUTI, Sandra Satie; MORAES, Augusto César Ferreira de; OLIVEIRA, Arli Ramos de
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.46%
OBJECTIVES: To analyze risk factors for overweight among adolescents grouped in three different socioeconomic levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1779 adolescents aged 11 to 17 years, grouped according to socioeconomic status (low, middle, and high). Parents reported their own anthropometric data and the adolescents had their anthropometric data taken by trained researchers, and completed three questionnaires. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight was 16.7%, 23.8%, and 26.3% in low, middle and high socioeconomic status, respectively (P= 0.001). In all socioeconomic status, parent's overweight was associated with adolescent overweight (all P< 0.05). The students in both high (PR= 1.90) and middle socioeconomic status (PR= 2.00) from private schools were associated with overweight, and the students from low socioeconomic level to sedentary behavior (PR= 2.25) and high ingestion of fried food (PR= 2.35). CONCLUSION: In each socioeconomic status the overweight was associated with different risk factors in different ways, except for parents overweight.; OBJETIVO: Analisar os fatores de risco para o sobrepeso entre adolescentes agrupados em três níveis econômicos diferentes. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal que incluiu 1779 adolescentes com idade de 11-17 anos...

Executive functions in school-aged children: age and socioeconomic status effects; Funciones Ejecutivas en Niños Escolarizados: Efectos de la Edad y del Estrato Socioeconómico

Arán Filippetti, Vanessa
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/04/2011 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
Lately, the study of prefrontal executive functions in grade scholars has noticeably increased. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of age and socioeconomic status (sEs) on executive tasks performance and to analyze those socioeconomic variables that predict a better execution. A sample of 254 children aged between 7 and 12 years from the city of santa Fe, Argentina and belonging to different socioeconomic status were tested. A bat- tery of executive functions sensitive to prefrontal function was used to obtain the results. These in- dicate a significant influence of age and SES on executive functions. The cognitive patterns follow a different path according to the development and sEs effect. Besides, it is revealed a pattern of low cognitive functioning in low-sEs children in all executive functions. Finally, from the variables included in this study, it was found that only the educational level of the mother and the housing conditions are associated to the children’s executive function. The results are discussed in terms of the influence of the cerebral maturation and the envi- ronmental variables in the executive functioning.; En los últimos años, se ha incrementado notoriamente el estudio sobre las funciones ejecutivas prefrontales en niños de edad escolar. El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar la influencia de la edad y del estrato socioeconómico (EsE) en el desempeño de tareas ejecutivas y conocer cuáles son las variables socioeconómicas que predicen una mejor ejecución. Participaron 254 niños de 7 a 12 años de edad de diferentes estratos socio-económicos de la ciudad de santa Fe...

Socioeconomic status as determinant of risk factors for overweight in adolescents

Fernandes,Rômulo Araújo; Christofaro,Diego Giulliano Destro; Cardoso,Jefferson Rosa; Ronque,Enio Ricardo Vaz; Freitas Júnior,Ismael Forte; Kawaguti,Sandra Satie; Moraes,Augusto César Ferreira de; Oliveira,Arli Ramos de
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
OBJECTIVES: To analyze risk factors for overweight among adolescents grouped in three different socioeconomic levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1779 adolescents aged 11 to 17 years, grouped according to socioeconomic status (low, middle, and high). Parents reported their own anthropometric data and the adolescents had their anthropometric data taken by trained researchers, and completed three questionnaires. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight was 16.7%, 23.8%, and 26.3% in low, middle and high socioeconomic status, respectively (P= 0.001). In all socioeconomic status, parent's overweight was associated with adolescent overweight (all P< 0.05). The students in both high (PR= 1.90) and middle socioeconomic status (PR= 2.00) from private schools were associated with overweight, and the students from low socioeconomic level to sedentary behavior (PR= 2.25) and high ingestion of fried food (PR= 2.35). CONCLUSION: In each socioeconomic status the overweight was associated with different risk factors in different ways, except for parents overweight.

Socioeconomic status in Brazilian psychological research: II. socioeconomic status and parenting knowledge

Ribas Jr,Rodolfo de Castro; Moura,Maria Lucia Seidl de; Bornstein,Marc H.
Fonte: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte Publicador: Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
Although studies of parenting cognitions and practices across cultures have increased systematically in the last years, research specifically on parents' knowledge of childrearing and child development remains very little frequent in non-U.S. settings. In Brazil this issue is still underresearched. This study addressed two main questions: What do Brazilian mothers know about childrearing and child development? How does this knowledge vary with their socioeconomic status and education in particular? A Brazilian version of the Knowledge of Infant Development Inventory (KIDI) was administered to a sample of 64 primiparous mothers, and data about the family's socioeconomic status were collected. Relations of SES and some of its components to parents' knowledge about childrearing and child development were then analyzed. The mean total correct score obtained by the Brazilian mothers on the KIDI was lower than the mean score obtained by the American mothers. There were no differences between KIDI scores obtained by mothers of boys and mothers of girls. Mothers' education was the best predictor of the KIDI. This study gives support to the view that differences in parenting knowledge are ascribable primarily to variation in educational attainment...

Parenting, socioeconomic status and psychosocial functioning in Peruvian families and their children

Manrique Millones,Denisse L.; Ghesquière,Pol; Van Leeuwen,Karla
Fonte: Anales de Psicología Publicador: Anales de Psicología
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relation between two dimensions of parenting (Positive Parenting and Negative Behavioral Control) and child psychosocial functioning, such as self-worth and problem behavior. We investigated (a) whether socioeconomic status moderates the relationship between parenting and child psychosocial outcomes, (b) whether parenting mediates the relation between socioeconomic status and psychosocial functioning in a Peruvian context and finally, (c) whether there are interaction effects between positive parenting and negative behavioral control. Information was gathered on 591 Peruvian children and their families from the normal population in urban zones of Metropolitan Lima. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted to investigate direct and indirect effects (mediation and moderation). Results revealed a significant mediation effect of positive parenting and negative behavioral control in the relationship between socioeconomic status and self-worth. Implications about the role played by context are discussed.

Socioeconomic status influences physical fitness in European adolescents independently of body fat and physical activity: the HELENA Study

Jiménez Pavón,D.; Ortega,F. B.; Ruiz,J. R.; España Romero,V.; García Artero,E.; Moliner Urdiales,D.; Gómez Martínez,S.; Vicente Rodríguez,G.; Manios,Y.; Béghin,L.; Répasy,J.; Sjöstrom,M.; Moreno,L. A.; González Gross,M.; Castillo,M. J.
Fonte: Nutrición Hospitalaria Publicador: Nutrición Hospitalaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
Introduction: The influence of socioeconomic status on health-related fitness is not clear. Aim: To examine the influence of socioeconomic status on health-related fitness in adolescents. Methods: A total of 3,259 adolescents (15.0 ± 1.3 y) from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence Cross-Sectional Study (HELENA-CSS) participated in the study. Socioeconomic status was assessed by the family affluence scale (FAS). Speed-agility, muscular strength and cardiorespiratory fitness were assessed. Covariates included total body fat, physical activity and pubertal status. Results: Adolescents with high FAS had significantly higher fitness levels than their peers of lower FAS categories except for speed-agility and handgrip in boys. Overall, the associations observed presented a medium to large effect size. Conclusion: These results suggest that socioeconomic status is positively associated with physical fitness in European adolescents independently of total body fat and habitual physical activity.

Acculturation, socioeconomic status, obesity and lifestyle factors among low-income Puerto Rican women in Connecticut, U.S., 1998-1999

Fitzgerald,Nurgül; Himmelgreen,David; Damio,Grace; Segura-Pérez,Sofia; Peng,Yu-Kuei; Pérez-Escamilla,Rafael
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of socioeconomic status and acculturation with obesity and lifestyle characteristics that may be risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease among low-income Puerto Rican women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between 1998 and 1999 by interviewing a convenience sample of 200 low-income Puerto Rican female caretakers of young children in Hartford, Connecticut, United States of America. Various recruitment methods were used to ensure adequate representation of the target community. The associations of obesity (body mass index > 30.0) and lifestyle factors (physical activity, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, food intake) with socioeconomic status (education, employment, car ownership), acculturation, age, and marital status were examined with Spearman rho, chi-squared, and Mann-Whitney U tests and logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Mean age was 29 years. Obesity (40%), physical inactivity (47%), and cigarette smoking (32%) were common. Less acculturated participants were 57% less likely to smoke and 54% less likely to be obese than their more acculturated counterparts. Lower socioeconomic status (not finishing high school or not owning a car) was associated with a higher likelihood of obesity...

Perception of health state and the use of vignettes to calibrate for socioeconomic status: results of the World Health Survey in Brazil, 2003

Damacena,Giseli Nogueira; Vasconcellos,Mauricio Teixeira Leite de; Szwarcwald,Célia Landmann
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.34%
As part of the World Health Organization (WHO) project focused on assessing the performance of national health systems, the World Health Survey (WHS) was carried out in many member countries. In order to enable comparison of self-rated health between different cultures of the same country or between different nations, the WHS questionnaire included vignettes of sample cases, that is, hypothetical stories that describe the health problems of third parties. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the possibility of using vignette ratings to implement a socioeconomic calibration scale for self-rated health in Brazil. Using Brazilian WHS data, perceptions of state of health, measured through two different strategies (self-rating and vignette-rating), were compared. The effects of socioeconomic status (educational level and number of household assets) on health domain ratings were estimated via multiple regression models, controlled for age and sex. The effects of socioeconomic status were significant for the majority of health domains in the case of self-perception, but statistically null in the case of third party ratings. It is concluded that the WHO vignettes are not appropriate for calibrating self-rated health measures in Brazil.

Socioeconomic status as determinant of risk factors for overweight in adolescents

Fernandes,Rômulo Araújo; Christofaro,Diego Giulliano Destro; Cardoso,Jefferson Rosa; Ronque,Enio Ricardo Vaz; Freitas Júnior,Ismael Forte; Kawaguti,Sandra Satie; Moraes,Augusto César Ferreira de; Oliveira,Arli Ramos de
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2011 EN
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OBJECTIVES: To analyze risk factors for overweight among adolescents grouped in three different socioeconomic levels. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1779 adolescents aged 11 to 17 years, grouped according to socioeconomic status (low, middle, and high). Parents reported their own anthropometric data and the adolescents had their anthropometric data taken by trained researchers, and completed three questionnaires. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight was 16.7%, 23.8%, and 26.3% in low, middle and high socioeconomic status, respectively (P= 0.001). In all socioeconomic status, parent's overweight was associated with adolescent overweight (all P< 0.05). The students in both high (PR= 1.90) and middle socioeconomic status (PR= 2.00) from private schools were associated with overweight, and the students from low socioeconomic level to sedentary behavior (PR= 2.25) and high ingestion of fried food (PR= 2.35). CONCLUSION: In each socioeconomic status the overweight was associated with different risk factors in different ways, except for parents overweight.