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Turismo de sol e mar : empreendimentos turísticos imobiliários e o desenvolvimento urbano e socioeconômico no litoral do Ceará - o caso de Beberibe; Sun and sea tourism : touristic real estate enterprises and the urban and socioeconomic development in the sea coast of Ceará - the case of Beberibe

Novaes, Lucila Naiza Soares
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/10/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
Pesquisa voltada a avaliar o turismo como vetor de crescimento urbano e socioeconômico do Estado do Ceará, com foco nos empreendimentos turísticos imobiliários implantados e nos investimentos públicos em infraestrutura na zona litorânea, no período entre 1995 e 2010, correspondendo ao início da fase de operacionalização destas atividades na região. Investiga-se se o recente crescimento das atividades turísticas nesta área tem fomentado a economia dos municípios, constituindo-se fator capaz de gerar desenvolvimento para os destinos turísticos. Inicialmente as questões teórico-conceituais são abordadas relacionadas ao turismo e ao desenvolvimento urbano e socioeconômico dos lugares turísticos, a fim de favorecer a compreensão do processo de crescimento da atividade e do processo de implantação de empreendimentos turísticos nas áreas de maior concentração de atratividade turística, ou seja, na zona costeira cearense. As políticas e a legislação voltadas para o turismo no âmbito nacional e local são avaliadas quanto ao processo de incentivo ao turismo e como este se tornou um vetor de desenvolvimento do Ceará. Contempla o município de Beberibe como estudo de caso face à concentração dos empreendimentos turísticos no seu litoral...

Royalties petrolíferos, desenvolvimento econômico local e qualidade de vida no Litoral Norte Paulista; Oil royalties, local economic development and quality of life in North Coast of São Paulo

André Luiz da Conceição
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/08/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.09%
No início do século XXI, o Brasil intensificou sua exploração e produção de petróleo e gás natural na plataforma continental, incluindo a descoberta de novas e expressivas reservas na camada do pré-sal, ocasionando impactos às regiões e municípios litorâneos envolvidos na cadeia produtiva da indústria petrolífera. Um desses impactos foi a maior arrecadação financeira pelos municípios costeiros, por meio dos royalties petrolíferos, que representam uma participação governamental sobre a renda dessa indústria, impactando positivamente os indicadores econômicos de certos municípios e regiões litorâneas no Brasil. Assim, este estudo teve como objetivo analisar, basicamente a partir de 1999, as condições de desenvolvimento econômico local e qualidade de vida da população dos municípios do Litoral Norte Paulista ¿ LNP (Caraguatatuba, Ilhabela, São Sebastião e Ubatuba) frente a esse processo recente e atual de maior arrecadação de royalties petrolíferos pela região. Para isso, adotou-se o método quali-quantitativo, que envolveu a obtenção e análise de dados qualitativos e quantitativos sobre a realidade local, por meio de índices e indicadores de desenvolvimento municipal, trabalhos de campo e aplicação de questionários a moradores e representantes públicos dos municípios do LNP. Os resultados obtidos apontaram para a melhora nos índices de desenvolvimento municipal e nos indicadores de crescimento socioeconômico e de qualidade de vida nos últimos anos na região...

Asymmetric forest transition driven by the interaction of socioeconomic development and environmental heterogeneity in Central America

Redo, Daniel J.; Grau, H. Ricardo; Aide, T. Mitchell; Clark, Matthew L.
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.13%
Forest transitions (FT) have been observed in many developed countries and more recently in the developing world. However, our knowledge of FT from tropical regions is mostly derived from case studies from within a particular country, making it difficult to generalize findings across larger regions. Here we overcome these difficulties by conducting a recent (2001–2010) satellite-based analysis of trends in forest cover across Central America, stratified by biomes, which we related to socioeconomic variables associated with human development. Results show a net decrease of woody vegetation resulting from 12,201 km2 of deforestation of moist forests and 6,825 km2 of regrowth of conifer and dry forests. The Human Development Index was the socioeconomic variable best associated with forest cover change. The least-developed countries, Nicaragua and Guatemala, experienced both rapid deforestation of moist forests and significant recovery of conifer and dry forests. In contrast, the most developed countries, Panama and Costa Rica, had net woody vegetation gain and a more stable forest cover configuration. These results imply a good agreement with FT predictions of forest change in relation to socioeconomic development, but strong asymmetry in rates and directions of change largely dependent upon the biome where change is occurring. The FT model should be refined by incorporating ecological and socioeconomic heterogeneity...

Adaptation to Climate Extremes in Developing Countries : The Role of Education

Blankespoor, Brian; Dasgupta, Susmita; Laplante, Benoit; Wheeler, David
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.16%
Global climate models predict a rise in extreme weather in the next century. To better understand future interactions among adaptation costs, socioeconomic development, and climate change in developing countries, observed losses of life from floods and droughts during 1960-2003 are modeled using three determinants: weather events, income per capita, and female education. The analysis reveals countries with high female education weathered extreme weather events better than countries with equivalent income and weather conditions. In that case, one would expect resilience to increase with economic growth and improvements in education. The relationship between resilience in the face of extreme weather events and increases in female education expenditure holds when socioeconomic development continues but the climate does not change, and socioeconomic development continues with weather paths driven by "wet" and "dry" Global Climate Models. Educating young women may be one of the best climate change disaster prevention investments in addition to high social rates of return in overall sustainable development goals.

Madagascar - Poverty and Socioeconomic Developments : 1993 - 1999

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
The report provides a synthesis of the main results obtained on the evolution of poverty, and other indicators of well being over the 1990s, and is intended to facilitate debate on strategy options for poverty reduction in Madagascar. Section I provides the setting for study, and presents a synthesis of macroeconomic trends in the country during the last decade. Section II looks at the evolution of poverty, inequality, and other indicators over the 1993-1999 period. The analysis is developed both at the national, and regional level, and, when possible, international comparisons are presented. Section III further investigates which groups have been more vulnerable to economic changes during the 1990s, and which factors can help explain this evolution over time. Section IV examines developments in provision of health, and education services by reviewing the degree of program coverage, and progressiveness of services in the two sectors. Section V presents community perceptions of socioeconomic development priorities, namely physical infrastructure development...

Vietnam 2010 : Entering the 21st Century

World Bank; Asian Development Bank; United Nations Development Program
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
The study outlines the socioeconomic development strategy for Vietnam, during the first decade of the twenty first century, envisaging sustainable economic development, to rapidly adjust to social stability, while maintaining cultural, and traditional ties. The aim is to become a socialist market economy, fully integrated into the global economy, internationally competitive, with characteristics of an industrialized, and knowledge-based society within twenty years. This vision articulates the eradication of hunger, and hard-core poverty, emphasizing universal lower secondary education. Likewise, it intends to reduce child malnutrition, increase life expectancy, and raise access to clean water in urban areas. However, the vision requires a doubling of the GDP by 2010, through increased investments and growing exports, declining agricultural inputs, but increasing the industrial, and services share. Part I of the report, still undergoing extensive consultations within the Government, and civil society, provides the strategic directions for the country...

Vietnam Workforce Development : SABER Country Report 2012

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
Since Vietnam launched its economic reforms in 1986, the country has enjoyed more than two decades of rapid economic growth with concomitant reductions in poverty. In the coming years, as Vietnam looks to strengthening its global competitiveness and sustaining its record of rapid growth, it faces critical challenges. Poor labor market outcomes and low productivity remain important concerns that stem in part from the paucity of job-relevant skills among workers and the limited opportunities for workers to acquire or enhance their skills. The government s response to these challenges is encapsulated in two key documents which align closely with the country s Strategy for Socioeconomic Development approved by the National Assembly. The first is the Human Resource Development (HRD) Strategy (2011 2020), approved in 2011, which defines strategic targets for workforce development and offers guidance and solutions to meet the targets. The second document, the Vocational Training Development (VTD) Strategy (2011 2020)...

Governance for sustainable development: strategic issues and principles for Indigenous Australian communities

Dodson, Mick; Smith, Diane E.
Fonte: ANU, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR); www.anu.edu.au/caepr/ Publicador: ANU, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research (CAEPR); www.anu.edu.au/caepr/
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 35 pages
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
This Discussion Paper examines the concepts of ‘governance’, ‘good governance’ and ‘sustainable development’ in the context of Australian Indigenous communities and regions. It explores the hypothesis that there is vital link between governance and sustainable development. The first half of the paper defines the key concepts and reviews the existing barriers facing Indigenous communities and their organisations in securing sustainable socioeconomic development. It identifies the key ingredients of successful development and then those over which Indigenous Australians actually have some local control. On the premise that it is best to make a start in areas where local control can be exercised, building ‘good governance’ is identified as the key ingredient—the foundation stone—for building sustainable development in communities and regions. The second half of the paper then proposes a set of key ingredients and core principles which Indigenous communities might use to build more effective governance. These draw on the professional and field experience of the authors and other Australian research, the international findings of the Harvard Project in the USA, and the Gitxsan leader Neil Sterritt’s applied research on governance with Canadian First Nations.

The agricultural development policy and WTO accession of Lao PDR

Akkharath, Inthadom
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 120183 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.84%
The New Economic Mechanism was introduced in 1986 and since then the Lao Government has geared the country towards a market economy, encouraged the development of the private sector and decentralised management. Taking into account the fact that agriculture and forestry form the back bone of the country’s economy, the government has employed a two-pronged socio-economic development approach, one for the uplands and the other for the lowlands. In the former case the focus is on self-sufficiency in food, agricultural diversification and conservation of natural resources, while in the latter case it is on commercialised agriculture production, using agricultural intensification to both maintain the already existing market momentum and trigger industrial sector development, particularly agro-industry. An area-based approach is adopted to facilitate this development. Also, the government has committed itself to eradicating poverty and ridding the country of its LDC status by the year 2020.; no

Large Mines and the Community : Socioeconomic and Environmental Effects in Latin America, Canada and Spain

McMahon, Gary; Remy, Felix
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank and the International Development Research Centre Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank and the International Development Research Centre
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
The book examines the impacts of medium- and large-scale mines on local communities, through six case studies, analyzing both the socioeconomic and cultural effects, as well as environmental impacts of mining operations on the communities. From a multidimensional perspective, studies investigate mining operations costs, and benefits, with an emphasis on the sustainability of benefits, and the outcomes of the legal, and consultative processes, in an aim to identify best practices - from the stakeholders' perspectives - in the management of mining development, extraction, and closure phases. It is relevant to note the two factors that affected increased globalization of trade markets in recent years: the decline of the communist trading block, and the increased environmental control in developed countries, being mineral activities in developing, and transition countries one of the most notable. Recommendations suggest that mining sustainability can only be maintained with public, and community support for the social...

Ethnic Minority Development in Vietnam : A Socioeconomic Perspective

Baulch, Bob; Thi Kim Chuyen, Truong; Haughton, Dominique; Haughton, Jonathan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.08%
The authors examine the latest quantitative evidence on disparities in living standards between and among different ethnic groups in Vietnam. Using data from the 1998 Vietnam Living Standards Survey and 1999 Census, they show that Kinh and Hoa ("majority") households have substantially higher living standards than "minority" households from Vietnam's other 52 ethnic groups. Subdividing the population into five broad categories, the authors find that while the Kinh, Hoa, Khmer, and Northern Highland minorities have benefited from economic growth in the 1990s, the growth of Central Highland minorities has stagnated. Disaggregating further, they find that the same ethnic groups whose living standards have risen fastest are those that have the highest school enrollment rates, are most likely to intermarry with Kinh partners, and are the least likely to practice a religion. The authors then estimate and decompose a set of expenditure regressions which show that even if minority households had the same endowments as Kinh households...

Pathways to Development Empowering Local Women to Build a More Equitable Future in Vietnam

Tran, Phuong Thi Minh
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
Vietnam's economic emergence is perhaps best experienced along its rural roads: over 175,000 kilometers of pavement, rubble, and dirt track extend to two-thirds of the country's population, including nearly all of the poorest people, who live among its productive farms, lush forests, and meandering river valleys. In recent years, road investments in Vietnam's rural areas have improved socioeconomic development and have promoted gender equity, social participation, improved school attendance, and more inclusive health services to impoverished regions. However, all but a few hundred communes remain off-grid, and infrastructural roadblocks and bureaucratic potholes have delayed the goal of a fully integrated road system. The World Bank's Third Rural Transport Project (RTP3) supported a win-win solution: employing ethnic minority women to sustainably manage road maintenance through an innovative participatory approach to local development. This smart lesson describes the experience of improving the roads and women's lives in rural Vietnam.

Country Social Analysis : Ethnicity and Development in Vietnam - Summary report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Social Analysis
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
This report " Country Social Analysis (CSA) " focused on ethnicity and development in Vietnam is a provocative analysis of marginality in contemporary Southeast Asia. It seeks to understand the macro social and political processes, and provides an analysis of how social, political, and cultural factors influence the opportunities and constraints to more equitable, inclusive development. This study provides research findings to support both the Bank's and the government of Vietnam's goals of social inclusion for ethnic minorities and poverty reduction. Previous studies, including the Bank's Country Partnership Study for Vietnam (CPS) and the government's Socioeconomic Development Plan (SEDP), focus on four organizing principles: (1) improving the business environment; (2) strengthening social inclusion; (3) strengthening natural resource and environmental management; and (4) improving governance. This study focuses particularly on the issue of strengthening social inclusion. Part one of this summary report is a literature review that discusses background information on ethnic minorities...

Country Social Analysis : Ethnicity and Development in Vietnam - Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Social Analysis
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
This report " Country Social Analysis (CSA) " focused on ethnicity and development in Vietnam is a provocative analysis of marginality in contemporary Southeast Asia. It seeks to understand the macro social and political processes, and provides an analysis of how social, political, and cultural factors influence the opportunities and constraints to more equitable, inclusive development. This study provides research findings to support both the Bank's and the government of Vietnam's goals of social inclusion for ethnic minorities and poverty reduction. Previous studies, including the Bank's Country Partnership Study for Vietnam (CPS) and the government's Socioeconomic Development Plan (SEDP), focus on four organizing principles: (1) improving the business environment; (2) strengthening social inclusion; (3) strengthening natural resource and environmental management; and (4) improving governance. This study focuses particularly on the issue of strengthening social inclusion. Part one of this summary report is a literature review that discusses background information on ethnic minorities...

Information and Communication Technologies for Women's Socioeconomic Empowerment

Melhem, Samia; Morrell, Claudia; Tandon, Nidhi
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.11%
The purpose of this report is to provide the reader with an overview of some of the issues relating to women and information and communication technology (ICT) in the developing world in contrast to the developed world. Where possible, men's engagement will be added also as a contrast, but the focus of this working paper is on women, not gender. This is not to suggest that a focus on gender is not of value, it is. But understanding the unique perspectives of women is the first step in addressing the larger issues of diversity and, specifically, gender, which has started to receive much attention from other organizations. This paper presents how and why ICT impact women and men differently and the implications of women's lack of engagement, participation, and leadership in the knowledge society through ICT for business and development. The paper will also highlight examples of best practices and weaknesses in assumed best practices to provide opportunities for full scale execution of efforts to achieve measurable outcomes in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). An important focus is the need to move many of the carefully incubated gender policies and initiatives...

Tunisia : Understanding Successful Socioeconomic Development, A Joint World Bank–Islamic Development Bank Evaluation of Assistance

World Bank; Islamic Development Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
Tunisia has successfully shifted from resource-based exports dominated by oil and gas to manufactures and services. The economy is now driven mainly by textile, electrical, mechanical, and food processing exports; tourism and related activities; and production of olives and cereals. Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth has been rising consistently, increasing from 3 percent annually over 1985-90 to more than 5 percent annually over 1996-02. Today, with a per capita income of US$2,000, Tunisians enjoy more than two-and-a-half times the real incomes that their parents had 30 years ago. Tunisia signed an association agreement with the European Union (EUAA) that provides for free trade in manufacturing by 2008. The European Union (EU) has been Tunisia's dominant trading partner; the region is the source of 67 percent of capital flows into Tunisia, accounts for a large share of Tunisia's tourism market, and is the region with the largest community of expatriate Tunisians. This dominance renders Tunisia's economy vulnerable to adverse developments in the EU.

Sedimentary record of PAHs in the Barigui River and its relation to the socioeconomic development of Curitiba, Brazil

Machado, Karina S; Figueira, Rubens Cesar Lopes; Côcco, Lilian C; Fernandes, Cristovão V S; Ferreira, Celio Paulo; Froehner, Sandro
Fonte: Victória Publicador: Victória
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
Concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in a sediment core collected from the Barigui River, in Curitiba, South Brazil. The USEPA's 16 priority PAH concentrations ranged from39 ng g−1 to 2350 ng g−1 of dry sediment over a period that corresponds temporally to between ca. 1855 and 2011. The concentrations and patterns of PAH distribution changed over this time period and may be associated with several episodes in the Curitiba's history. Two major PAHs concentration peaks occurred in approximately 1910 and 1970, which might reflect population increases due to immigration programs in the 1890s and the sudden economic development that occurred in Brazil from 1960 to 1980, “The Economic Miracle Period”, respectively. Isomeric ratios revealed that the PAHs had predominantly pyrolytic sources. The population, number of highways and electric energy consumption of Curitiba, as indices of socioeconomic development, were positively correlated with PAH deposition in the sediment core from 1855 to 1970, indicating the influence of socioeconomic development on the environmental load of sedimentary PAHs.

A New Scenario Framework for Climate Change Research; The Concept of Shared Socioeconomic Pathways

O’Neill, Brian C.; Kriegler, Elmar; Riahi, Keywan; Ebi, Kristie L.; Hallegatte, Stephane
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Journal Article; Publications & Research :: Journal Article; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.07%
The new scenario framework for climate change research envisions combining pathways of future radiative forcing and their associated climate changes with alternative pathways of socioeconomic development in order to carry out research on climate change impacts, adaptation, and mitigation. Here we propose a conceptual framework for how to define and develop a set of Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs) for use within the scenario framework. We define SSPs as reference pathways describing plausible alternative trends in the evolution of society and ecosystems over a century timescale, in the absence of climate change or climate policies. We introduce the concept of a space of challenges to adaptation and to mitigation that should be spanned by the SSPs, and discuss how particular trends in social, economic, and environmental development could be combined to produce such outcomes. A comparison to the narratives from the scenarios developed in the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) illustrates how a starting point for developing SSPs can be defined. We suggest initial development of a set of basic SSPs that could then be extended to meet more specific purposes, and envision a process of application of basic and extended SSPs that would be iterative and potentially lead to modification of the original SSPs themselves.

Land reform, regional planning and socioeconomic development in Brazil

Souza, Saulo
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Department of Land Economy; Darwin College Publicador: University of Cambridge; Department of Land Economy; Darwin College
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.11%
In this dissertation, we examine the socioeconomic impact of land reform schemes and discuss the policy implications of combining aspects of both state-led and market-based approaches to land reallocation through regional planning. We focus on land reform settlements in Northeast Brazil, where both approaches operated over the same time frame (1997-2002). Empirically, we identify the effects of various indicators on the socioeconomic growth of a sample of rural territories and localities, giving emphasis to the influence of the market-based Land Bill Programme (PCT) and the traditional state-led scheme (INCRA) on that growth through panel data analysis, cross-section regressions and field-based analysis. It has been concluded that: i) The scope for plan-led strategies towards sustainable development in the countryside has been given less than sufficient emphasis in the land reform literature; ii) There is not clear evidence that the market-based approach leads to higher socioeconomic growth regionally than does the state-led approach, or vice versa; iii) Although the market-based scheme contributed to improved access to title, the PCT settlements failed to impact positively settlers? welfare in the majority of sites; iv) Securing both higher access to land rights and better living conditions through land reform requires an approach that combines both state-led and market-based elements; v) Securing measurable positive impacts on the regional economy requires a land reform strategy that has a regional scope. As a policy implication...

The association between socioeconomic development at the town level and the distribution of dental caries in Brazilian children

Peres,Marco Aurélio; Peres,Karen Glazer; Antunes,José Leopoldo Ferreira; Junqueira,Simone Rennó; Frazão,Paulo; Narvai,Paulo Capel
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.12%
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between dental caries among children in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, and town-level indices of socioeconomic development. METHODS: We examined 15 385 oral-examination records from children aged 5 or 6 years old from 129 towns and cities in the state of São Paulo. We studied two outcomes: (1) the mean number of decayed, missing, and filled deciduous teeth (dmft index) and (2) the care index, which is the proportion of decayed teeth that have already been filled. The explanatory variables were the child development index, human development index, illiteracy rate among subjects older than 20 years, household income, Gini coefficient, insufficient income, fluoridated water supply, number of dentists per 10 000 inhabitants, number of dentists in the public service per 10 000 inhabitants, and number of weekly hours of dentist work in the public service per 10 000 inhabitants. Multiple linear regression models were fitted to the two outcome variables (dmft index and care index). RESULTS: The multiple linear regression analysis showed that a higher dmft index was associated with a low child development index, a high illiteracy rate, and an unfluoridated water supply. The child development index was significantly associated with the care index...