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Metodologias de avaliação de impacto social: a aplicabilidade de getting to outcomes em contexto de responsabilidade social das organizações

Silva, Filipa da Mota Poseiro Castelo da
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56%
Mestrado em Desenvolvimento, Diversidades Locais e Desafios Mundiais/ JEL Classification System: O, O2, O22; O conceito de avaliação surge muitas vezes com uma certa conectividade negativa, como se o propósito de avaliar fosse de denegrir o trabalho realizado, ou despromover algo que foi feito com esforço e dedicação. No entanto, é com os erros, nossos ou de terceiros, que conseguimos aprender e melhorar o que para a frente possa surgir. É neste sentido que aparece a avaliação de impacto social, não no sentido de desqualificar projectos e acções que já decorreram ou estejam a decorrer, mas sim para que de futuro se possa fazer ainda melhor, e que o que já exista possa ser optimizado. Ainda, a preocupação social das organizações tem vindo a aumentar substancialmente, mas a avaliação dos impactos alcançados nesses projectos não teve o mesmo desenvolvimento. Assim, o objectivo desta dissertação é caracterizar e analisar a aplicabilidade de uma metodologia de avaliação de impacto social (AIS), em contexto de projectos de responsabilidade social das organizações. Desta forma é necessário conseguir identificar o conceito de impacto social, que na literatura académica não está claramente definido...

Measuring the impact with the social return on investment: the case of the social innovation HUB

Carvalho, Isabel Maria Pimentel dos Santos Lopo de
Fonte: NSBE - UNL Publicador: NSBE - UNL
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /01/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.98%
A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Economics from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics; There is a growing interest in social impact assessment across the private, the public and the nonprofit sector. However, there is still limited academic research produced in this area, particularly in what concerns to the application of the Social Return of Investment (SROI) methodology. The goal of this Work Project is to give an overview of the social impact measurement literature and apply the Social Return on Investment, a flagship methodology to measure impact, to the specific case of the Social Innovation Hub (SIH). The findings suggest that each 1€ invested on the SIH generates 1,21€ in terms of social value. While this value seems very appealing to use, there are some risks in monetizing impact in such way, mainly due to the lack of reliable data available for benchmarking purposes.

Dependence relationship between the critical quality factors and social impact

Álvarez García,José; Cruz Del Río Rama,María de la; Vila Alonso,Mercedes; Fraiz Brea,José Antonio
Fonte: Fundação Getulio Vargas, Escola de Administração de Empresas de S.Paulo Publicador: Fundação Getulio Vargas, Escola de Administração de Empresas de S.Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.91%
This paper shows the results of the empirical study conducted in 186 tourist accommodation businesses in Spain certified under the "Q for Tourist Quality", own System Quality Management. It was raised with the purpose of analyzing the structure of the relationship between critical quality factors and results-social impact, how they operate and the level of their influence on obtaining these results within the company. Starting from a deep theoretical revision we propose a theoretical model together with the hypotheses to be tested, and we proceed to validation using the technique of Structural Equation Models. The results obtained show that companies wishing to improve their social impact should take into account that leadership is the most important factor to achieve it. Leadership indirectly affects the social impact through its influence on alliances and resources, quality policy/planning, personnel management and learning.

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) : Reviewing the Link with In-Country Policy and Planning Processes - Synthesis Report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
The synthesis report concerns to go beyond a summary of the country studies to provide lessons and recommendations on how to further improve Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) effectiveness. To do so, it draws on findings from country case studies, the literature and recent internal Bank reviews (World Bank 2006, 2008) on PSIA. The synthesis is structured in three parts. Section two reviews the role of PSIA in country work drawing on internal guidance from the Bank and the wider literature. It introduces the PSIA framework and the main elements of an effective PSIA. Section two ends with a presentation of the review framework and the approach to sampling and methodology for the country studies. Section three presents the bulk of the review findings and lessons learned with a focus on lessons for embedding PSIA into country processes. Section four addresses the future of PSIA with recommendations aimed at: (i) improving the influence that PSIA has on policy and planning processes in-country, and (ii) ensuring that it is applied more routinely by partner governments and Bank programs.

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis of Reform : Lessons and Examples from Implementation

Coudouel, Aline; Dani, Anis A.; Paternostro, Stefano
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.01%
Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) is an approach used increasingly by governments, civil society organizations, the World Bank, and other development partners to examine the distributional impacts of policy reforms on the well-being of different stakeholders groups, particularly the poor and vulnerable. PSIA has an important role in the elaboration and implementation of poverty reduction strategies in developing countries because it promotes evidence-based policy choices and fosters debate on policy reform options. This publication presents a collection of case studies that illustrate the spectrum of sectors and policy reforms to which PSIA can be applied; it also elaborates on the broad range of analytical tools and techniques that can be used for PSIA. The case studies provide examples of the impact that PSIA can have on the design of policy reforms and draw operational lessons for PSIA implementation. The case studies deal largely with policy reforms in a single sector, such as agriculture (crop marketing boards in Malawi and Tanzania and cotton privatization in Tajikistan); energy (mining sector in Romania and oil subsidies in Ghana); utilities (power sector reform in Ghana...

Uruguay : Poverty and Social Impact Assessment of the Tax Reform

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.93%
The Poverty and Social Impact Assessment (PSIA) analyzes the impact of the tax reform, which came into effect in July 2007, on tax incidence and poverty in Uruguay. The essence of the reform is the introduction of a dual personal income tax, which taxes labor income at progressive rates and capital income at lower, proportional rates. A further modification is the reduction in the revenue share of indirect taxes. The study aims to provide information to inform policy discussion on distributional implications of tax reform. In addition, it gives impetus for further more sophisticated analysis of current and proposed tax reforms. In designing a tax system, a trade-off exists between efficiency, equity and administrative simplicity. The paper focuses on one aspect of this trade-off by evaluating the equity impact of the tax reform in Uruguay. Neither the efficiency of the post-reform tax system nor the effect on tax administration is examined. Assessing the distributional impact of a tax reform is important...

How Effective Have Poverty and Social Impact Analyses Been?

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.95%
The Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) approach, introduced by the World Bank in FY02, aimed to help the Bank and its client countries anticipate and address the possible consequences of proposed policy reforms, especially on the poor and vulnerable, and to contribute to country capacity for policy analysis. According to the Bank, by FY07 it had undertaken 156 PSIAs in 75 countries and 14 sectors. Total Bank and other donor support to PSIAs over FY04-06 was $15 million. Development literature has emphasized the importance of understanding the institutional and political constraints to development, building domestic ownership of policy reforms, and assessing the distributional impacts of policy actions. The PSIA approach has correctly emphasized these aspects. The Bank has produced a substantial body of guidance on how to address these aspects, and that guidance has been refined over time to incorporate lessons learned. Development literature has emphasized the importance of understanding the institutional and political constraints to development...

Social Impact and Social Mitigation of Enterprise Restructuring : Implications for Croatia

Lytle, Paula F.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.93%
This report provides an overview of social impact and social mitigation measures that have been addressed in World Bank supported enterprise restructuring programs in Europe and Central Asia. The focus is on lessons learned from the experience elsewhere in the region that could provide guidance to and policy options for Croatia in the on-going process of enterprise restructuring. The first stage of transition focused on the establishment of market-driven, private sector-oriented economies. In recent years, the requirements of European integration and accession have led to an emphasis on fiscal discipline. Closer attention has been paid to implicit subsidies such as budgetary credits, nonpayment of taxes and accumulation of tax arrears, transfers from off-budget funds, and government payment of guaranteed loans. European Union candidate countries have faced similar policy challenges in mitigating the impact of unemployment due to structural shifts in the economy.

Public Hearings in Environmental and Social Impact Assessment for Energy Sector Projects in Cameroon

Kengne, Cyrille Valence Ngouana; Menang Evouna, Serge Emeran; Bitondo, Dieudonné
Fonte: Taylor and Francis Publicador: Taylor and Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.87%
In Cameroon, like in other countries, public hearings are the most common method of citizen involvement mentioned in Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA). To elicit various attributes of current practice and characteristics of these public hearings in Cameroon, with focus on access, process and outcomes, we used an interpretive approach. This research unveiled an array of problems, including shortcomings in public hearing practice, law and regulatory framework, limited access to information, and inconvenient location of reading rooms (depositories). Public hearings do take place in depositories but they do not provide participants with the opportunity for direct debate and consensus-building. This research demonstrated that, local economic stakes tend to take precedence over critical questioning during public hearing events. However, public hearings in Cameroon attest to the growing willingness to challenge ESIA reports that may be fully backed by the government. In order for public hearings to be worthwhile events in Cameroon, there is need to build credibility and mutual trust among stakeholders.

Lebanon : Economic and Social Impact Assessment of the Syrian Conflict

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.97%
To provide a solid basis to define its needs and frame its priorities in terms of the specific assistance it seeks from the international community as well as to inform its own domestic policy response, the Government of Lebanon (GoL) requested the World Bank to lead an Economic and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) of the Syrian conflict on Lebanon. Upon an official request from the Prime Minister of Lebanon, through a letter addressed to the World Bank dated July 25, 2013, this assessment has been conducted under the leadership of the World Bank, in collaboration with the United Nation (UN), the European Union (EU), and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The outcome is the present report, of which the accuracy, quality and suitability for further dissemination is the responsibility of the World Bank, with input from the above mentioned key partners.

Kurdistan Region of Iraq : Economic and Social Impact Assessment of the Syrian Conflict and the ISIS Crisis

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.98%
The development objective of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) economic and social impact assessment is to provide the Iraqi Government with an impact analysis of the current crisis at the regional level. This will provide a foundation for international efforts to assist the KRG in its efforts to rally humanitarian support. The events which motivate this study include: the Syrian civil war, which began in 2011; and the insurgency of the ISIS (Islamic State in Iraq and Syria) group, which began in June 2014. The violence and atrocities associated with each of these two events caused tens of thousands to flee their homes and many chose the relative safety of Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), as refugees from the Syrian conflict and as internally displaced persons (IDPs) from the ISIS crisis. These events took place in the context of the fiscal crisis, which caused about a 90 percent drop in fiscal transfers from the central government in Baghdad starting in early 2014. This report provides the government with a technical assessment of the impact and stabilization costs associated with the influx of refugees and IDPs. Impact refers to the immediate economic and fiscal effects on the KRG economy and budget...

Poverty and Social impact Analysis

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
This Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) is part of a broader dialogue on energy tax reform and strengthening social safety nets in Djibouti. As part of a possible reform of energy taxes in Djibouti, the government of Djibouti has sought the support of the World Bank to better understand how such a policy reform can be pro-poor. The study was designed and implemented by a multisectoral committee composed of various stakeholder institutions, including the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the Ministry of Budget, the Secretary of State responsible for National Solidarity (SESN), the Department of Statistics and Demographic Studies (DISED), the Ministry of Energy, and the Ministry of Transport, with whom the teams of the Bank and the IMF collaborated throughout the process of preparation of the study. Technical meetings were held on January 30, February 2, May 25, May 28, and May 29, 2014, in Djibouti to discuss the various scenarios of reform, obtain additional information, and present preliminary quantitative results. Consultation meetings were held on July 2 and November 15...

Social impact bond feasibility study: Children and youth at risk: the Projecto Família program

Santos, João Ferrão dos
Fonte: Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /06/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
Social impact bonds are an increasingly popular method of unlocking typical social investment barriers and fuelling social innovation. This feasibility study aims to understand whether a social impact bond is a suitable tool for decreasing unnecessary foster care placements in Portugal, which have been proven to cause significant social and financial damage to societies. This research question is answered through a financial model which combines the costs of this social problem with Projecto Família’s intervention model, a leading intensive family preservation service. Main findings suggest using SIB funding for a 5-year project with the goal of generating the proper impact measurement metrics lacking in the field.

Research and development project assessment and social impact

Fernández,Ana; Cunha,Jorge; Ferreira,Paula; Araújo,Madalena; Goméz,Enrique Ares
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.89%
AbstractNowadays, organisations increasingly need to adapt to the fast evolution of markets and societies in our globalised world in order to be competitive. Therefore, it is essential to take the right decisions when it comes to invest in research and development (R&D) projects. However, an issue that has not been given much attention is how to measure the social impact (or return) of R&D projects. In this exploratory study, the findings of an analysis of how R&D projects are assessed and selected, including this social perspective, are presented. The methodology which has been used in this research includes both interviews and analysis of the data obtained through them. The major finding is that in the current situation the social impact is not taken into account, but is growing the awareness of this perspective among different types of organizations dealing with R&D activities.

Social Assessment in Natural Resource Management Institutions

Dale, Allan P.; Taylor, N.; Lane, Marcus B.
Fonte: CSIRO Publishing Publicador: CSIRO Publishing
Tipo: Livro
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
This book is the first significant international attempt to outline and analyse how social assessment has been integrated within natural resource management institutions. In doing so, it focuses on contemporary Australian and New Zealand experiences, and relates these back to the international context [with a chapter each on South Africa and California].; Part I. Introduction to social assessment in natural resource institutions: [1]. Social assessment in natural resource management: promise, potentiality and practice -- Part II. Institutionalising social assessment in the global context: [2]. The international institutionalisation of social impact assessment; [3]. Institutionalising social assessment at the World Bank; [4]. The institutionalisation of social assessment in South Africa: the post-apartheid window of opportunity; [5]. Assessing environmental justice: social assessment lessons from the California Energy Commission's sitting process -- Part III. Institutionalising social assessment at the national level: [6]. Social assessment in New Zealand resource management; [7]. Limitation and opportunity: the institutional basis for social assessment in natural resource management in Australia; [8]. Social assessment and resource management at the Australian federal level: trapped in an epistemiological corner?; [9]. Reframing the nature and scope of social impact assessment: psychological and social (psychosocial) impacts -- Part IV. Institutionalising social assessment at the provincial level: [10]. Institutionalising social assessment in Queensland: the Social Impact Assessment Unit 1993-1996; [11]. The Western Australian Social Impact Unit 1989-1993: nicety or necessity?; [12]. Social assessment in New South Wales and the 2000 Olympics: a great leap forward? -- Part V. Institutionalising social assessment at the local level: [13]. Social impact assessment in the Australian Capital Territory; [14]. Institutionalising social impact assessment in Australian local government: a practitioner's perspective from Brisbane City Countil...

Analyzing the Effects of Policy Reforms on the Poor : An Evaluation of the Effectiveness of World Bank Support to Poverty and Social Impact Analyses

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
The current global financial and economic crises are likely to put enormous pressure on governments to respond with immediate measures and to undertake far-reaching reforms in the medium term, requiring a substantial increase in donor support. To protect the poor and enhance benefits to them, key policy reforms will need to be underpinned by systematic analysis of their expected poverty and social impacts. The World Bank's experience to date with the Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) approach provides useful lessons for addressing these issues. Overall, implementation of the PSIA approach has had considerable limitations. There have been tensions between the various operational objectives assigned to PSIAs. The tensions concern inconsistencies between informing country and Bank policy decisions in a timely way and building country analytic capacity. PSIAs have had limited ownership by Bank staff and managers and have often not been effectively integrated into country assistance programs. Quality assurance...

The Social Impact of Social Funds in Jamaica : A Mixed-Methods Analysis of Participation, Targeting, and Collective Action in Community-Driven Development

Rao, Vijayendra; Ibáñez, Ana María
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
The authors develop an evaluation method that combines qualitative evidence with quantitative survey data analyzed with propensity score methods on matched samples to study the impact of a participatory community-driven social fund on preference targeting, collective action, and community decision-making. The data come from a case study of five pairs of communities in Jamaica where one community in the pair has received funds from the Jamaica social investment fund (JSIF) while the other has not-but has been picked to match the funded community in its social and economic characteristics. The qualitative data reveal that the social fund process is elite-driven and decision-making tends to be dominated by a small group of motivated individuals. But by the end of the project there was broad-based satisfaction with the outcome. The quantitative data from 500 households mirror these findings by showing that ex-ante the social fund does not address the expressed needs of the majority of individuals in the majority of communities. By the end of the construction process...

Democratic Republic of the Congo Poverty and Social Impact Analysis : Mine Sector Reform

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.98%
Although the initial impetus for this poverty and social impact analysis (PSIA) was to inform the Gecamines retrenchment program, it quickly became evident during the scoping that the policy issues fell into two broad categories: a) Short term which involved the key issues of inquiry focusing on what the impact of this program might be, how to mitigate negative effects, and, according to the standard methodology for PSIA, whether the alternatives to restructuring were better or worse than the reform itself. Accordingly, a central question concerned the degree to which Gecamines' degradation had already caused adjustments in income and services and whether the alternative of not restructuring would have been preferable; and b) Medium term which stressed plans to restructure the sector included re-centering on the company's core activity and competency (ore extraction and production of copper and cobalt metal), and minimizing its role as a social service provider. The DRC Government had set a timetable of 2 years for this transfer...

Public perspective towards social impact of chang e lunar probe program

Haijie, Yin; Bowen, Hou
Fonte: IET/CESNOVA Publicador: IET/CESNOVA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 20/12/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
The present article is based on the MA thesis of Hou Bowen (Ph.D candidate) and on the presentation made at the ISA World Congress of Sociology held in Yokohama (Japan) on July 2014 at the Session on “Assessing Technologies: Global Patterns of Trust and Distrust” of RC23-Sociology of Science and Technology.; During the past decades, assessing the impact of technological project and related engineering has long been paid attention. The objective of this research is to investigate technological project and related engineering’s social impact through public perspective. The present article investigated the social impact of China’s Chang E Lunar Probe project by using Social Impact Assessment (SIA) methods, resulting from a research study conducted in 2012. SIA is a collective of the systematic methods used to investigate the influence of engineering, project or policy and to present their potential social impacts. A survey from public respondents indicated that public spoke highly of Chang E Probe on the whole. Furthermore, a factor analysis of the perspective of public perspective towards Chang E Lunar Probe project has discovered such impact were mainly assessed in four dimensions by public, these impacts were military impact...

Measuring impact with the social return on investment: the case of the social innovation hub

Carvalho, Isabel Maria Pimentel dos Santos Lopo de
Fonte: Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /01/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.98%
There is a growing interest in social impact assessment across the private, the public and the nonprofit sector. However, there is still limited academic research produced in this area, particularly in what concerns to the application of the Social Return of Investment (SROI) methodology. The goal of this Work Project is to give an overview of the social impact measurement literature and apply the Social Return on Investment, a flagship methodology to measure impact, to the specific case of the Social Innovation Hub (SIH). The findings suggest that each 1€ invested on the SIH generates 1,21€ in terms of social value. While this value seems very appealing to use, there are some risks in monetizing impact in such way, mainly due to the lack of reliable data available for benchmarking purposes.