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Fatores relacionados à ocorrência de leishmaniose tegumentar no Vale do Ribeira; Factors relating to occurrences of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Ribeira Valley

SILVA, Alessandra Ferreira da; LATORRE, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira; GALATI, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - SBMT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.72%
INTRODUÇÃO: este estudo teve como objetivo identificar fatores ambientais e sociais determinantes na incidência da leishmaniose tegumentar americana no Vale do Ribeira no período de 1998 a 2006. MÉTODOS: foram utilizados dados secundários de domínio público dos 23 municípios que integram a região. O intervalo de tempo foi dividido em três períodos, pelas características gráficas dos coeficientes de incidência, os quais foram submetidos à análise por regressão linear múltipla. RESULTADOS: para o período de 1998 a 2000, as variáveis correlacionadas com a LTA foram índice de desenvolvimento humano médio (p = 0,007), renda per capita (p =0,390) e grau de urbanização (p = 0,079). No período de 2001 a 2003 e 2004 a 2006 as variáveis correlacionadas com LTA foram: a existência de flebotomíneos (p = 0,000 e p = 0,001) e a população urbana média (p = 0,007 e p = 0,001). CONCLUSÕES: esses dados demonstram a tendência de pauperização e urbanização da doença.; INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify the environmental and social factors that determined occurrences of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Ribeira valley region of the State of São Paulo between 1998 and 2006. METHODS: Secondary public-domain data from the 23 municipalities forming this region were used. The study period was divided into three ranges based on the graphical characteristics of the incidence coefficients. These data were subjected to analysis using multiple linear regression. RESULTS: Over the period 1998 to 2000...

Fatores relacionados à ocorrência de Leishmaniose Tegumentar Americana no Vale do Ribeira; Factors related to the occurrence American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Ribeira Valley

Silva, Alessandra Ferreira da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/12/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.76%
Este trabalho é um estudo ecológico descritivo sobre a leishmaniose tegumentar americana (LTA) na região do Vale do Ribeira paulista (composto por 23 municípios), que teve como objetivo correlacionar a incidência da doença com fatores determinantes ambientais e sociais. O trabalho se refere ao período de 1998 a 2006 o qual foi divido em três triênios, o primeiro de 1998 a 2000, o segundo de 2001 a 2003 e o terceiro de 2004 a 2006. Os coeficientes de incidência da LTA foram calculados para estes períodos (Coefmtr1, Coefmtr2 e Coefmtr3) segundo Szklo. Essa divisão de triênios se deu de acordo com as características gráficas dos coeficientes de incidência da LTA no período, que demonstraram haver num primeiro período uma fase endêmica da doença, no segundo período (2001 a 2003) a análise mostra picos de incidência que caracteriza um período epidêmico acentuado. No terceiro período alguns municípios mostram picos de incidência de proporções menores que os observados no período anterior, contudo ainda característicos de fase epidêmica. Os coeficientes de incidência são as variáveis dependentes dos três modelos de regressão realizados. As variáveis independentes foram obtidas de fontes de dados secundários e são de natureza sócio-demográfica...

Modelagem de um agente pedagógico animado para um ambiente colaborativo: considerando fatores sociais relevantes; Modeling of an animated pedagogical agent for a collaborative environment : considering relevant social factors

Prola, Maria Teresa Medronha
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.74%
Este trabalho está inserido no projeto de pesquisa "Um Modelo Computacional de Aprendizagem a Distância Baseada na Concepção Sócio-Interacionista de Vygotsky", que propõe um ambiente educacional o qual privilegia a colaboração como forma de interação. Neste projeto, as pesquisas subsidiam a formação de ações para a modelagem de um agente pedagógico animado, utilizado para interagir com os alunos no Ambiente de Ensino/Aprendizagem em desenvolvimento. A modelagem das decisões para estratégia de atuação do agente foi obtida nos arquivos de "log" gerados ao final de algumas discussões na ferramenta de "chat", a partir de fatores relevantes da interação entre grupos de estudantes. O trabalho utiliza-se da experiência realizada com alunos de uma turma da disciplina Algoritmos e Programação, oferecida aos alunos de graduação da UFRGS (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul), onde foram obtidos alguns fatores considerados importantes na adaptação de um ambiente para os alunos em interação. Tais fatores são apresentados neste projeto, assim como a técnica de identificação.; The following work is inserted in the research entitled: “A Computational Model of Distance Learning based on the Socio-Interactionist Approach”...

More than numbers matter: the effect of social factors on behaviour and welfare of laboratory rodents and non-human primates

Olsson, I. Anna S.; Westlund, Karolina
Fonte: Universidade do Porto Publicador: Universidade do Porto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.88%
With the development of laboratory animal science, increasing attention has been given to the possible influence of housing and husbandry on the behaviour and welfare of laboratory animals as well as on the scientific integrity. With the present paper, we aim to contribute to this knowledge by reviewing existing literature on how social factors influence laboratory rodents and non-human primates. We use social ecology in the wild as a starting point to understand experimental studies of these social species. Laboratory studies show that preweaning social experiences, and lack thereof, affect the development of social skills and capacity to cope with stressful situations in both primates and rodents. Studies of deprivation, of preference and of demand indicate that both rodents and primates are highly motivated to interact with conspecifics. When housed alone, rodents and primates typically show a more ‘anxious’ reaction in behaviour tests, and are more profoundly affected by certain stressors, although there seem to be some differences in how rodent males and females react to different social situations. However, for social housing to be beneficial for the animals, compatible and stable groups are crucial. When forming groups of monkeys in captivity...

Quality of life related to oral health: contribution from social factors

Cohen-Carneiro,Flávia; Souza-Santos,Reinaldo; Rebelo,Maria Augusta Bessa
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.77%
Sociodental indicators have been widely used in epidemiological research related to oral health, as they add the dimension of the impact of oral health on the quality of life of individuals and populations. Various studies have been done in order to validate new instruments to assess these subjective perceptions, however, the association between social parameters and impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) has not been systematically studied, thus there is still doubt as to the role of the main social variables as OHRQoL impact modulators. This study aims to systematically review the literature in order to evidence the association between six social parameters and OHRQoL. Based on six exclusion criteria, the literature search revealed 40 eligible publications for analyses. The frequency of expected (positive) association between the social parameters and OHRQoL was greater than the non-expected (negative) associations for the six parameters. Conclusions: The social conditions most clearly associated with the perception of negative impact on OHRQoL were: women, with poor education and low income, immigrants or people belonging to minority ethnic groups.

Social Factors as Modifiers of Hurricane Irene Evacuation Behavior in Beaufort County, NC

Ricchetti-Masterson, Kristen; Horney, Jennifer
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 05/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
Encouraging residents in high-risk areas to evacuate before a hurricane makes landfall is one of the few ways to reduce hurricane-related morbidity and mortality. However, demographic factors associated with evacuation in at-risk groups have not been consistent across studies. To determine if social factors (social control, social cohesion, and social capital) modified the relationship between demographic groups and failure to evacuate from Hurricane Irene, the authors conducted a cross-sectional stratified two-stage cluster sample among residents of Beaufort County, NC. Of 226 attempted rapid response interviews, 205 were completed (response rate = 90.7%). Data were analyzed using generalized linear modeling, which produced crude risk differences to estimate the association between failure to evacuate from Hurricane Irene and a number of demographic and social factors; effect measure modification (EMM) was assessed on the additive scale through stratified analyses of key social factors. There were no significant associations between demographic or social factors and evacuation in the bivariate analysis. However, EMM was present for households with high social capital or social cohesion among special needs residents, those over age 65...

Prevalence of orofacial clefts and social factors in Brazil

Rodrigues, Katamara; Sena, Marina Fernandes de; Oliveira, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli da Costa; Ferreira, Maria Angela Fernandes
Fonte: Brazilian Oral Research Publicador: Brazilian Oral Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.8%
RODRIGUES, Katamara et al. Prevalence of orofacial clefts and social factors in Brazil. Brazilian oral research, v.23, n. 1, p. 38-42, 2009.Disponivel em: . Acesso em: 04 out. 2010.; The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of orofacial clefts in live newborns from 1998 to 2002 in Brazilian state capitals and correlate their occurrence with a number of relevant socioeconomic factors collected in the 2000 census. Data was obtained from the Public Health Hospital Information System (SIH-SUS), Information System of Live Hospital Births (SINASC) and Atlases of Human Development in Brazil. The results showed that the mean prevalence of orofacial clefts in Brazil was 0.36 per 1,000 live births. Using Pearson’s correlation coeffi cient, the correlation between cleft rate and social factors was not statistically signifi cant (p > 0.05). Our study suggests that there is no correlation between the municipal economic factors and the prevalence of orofacial clefts, which is likely infl uenced by underrecording problems in the less developed municipalities

Poverty, Social Divisions, and Conflict in Nepal

Do, Quy-Toan; Iyer, Lakshmi
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.76%
The authors conduct an econometric analysis of the economic and social factors which contributed to the spread of violent conflict in Nepal. They find that conflict intensity is significantly higher in places with greater poverty and lower levels of economic development. Violence is higher in locations that favor insurgents, such as mountains and forests. The authors find weaker evidence that caste divisions in society are correlated with the intensity of civil conflict, while linguistic diversity has little impact.

Social factors associated with Major Depressive Disorder in homosexually active, gay men attending general practices in urban Australia

Mao, L.; Kidd, M.; Rogers, G.; Andrews, G.; Newman, C.; Booth, A.; Saltman, D.; Kippax, S.
Fonte: Public Health Assoc Australia Inc Publicador: Public Health Assoc Australia Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.77%
OBJECTIVES: Social factors associated with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) were identified among gay men attending high HIV caseload general practices in Sydney and Adelaide. METHODS: Men who visited four participating practices were invited to self-complete a survey. A self-screening tool (PHQ-9), based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, version four (DSM-IV), was used to measure depressive disorders. RESULTS: The rate of MDD (PHQ-9 score 10 or above) among the 195 HIV-positive gay men was significantly higher than that among the 314 non-HIV-positive gay men (31.8% vs 20.1%, p=0.002). Current MDD was independently associated with younger age, lower income, recent major adverse life events, adopting denial and isolation as coping strategies, less social support, less gay community involvement and recent sexual problems. HIV-status, however, was not independently associated with MDD. CONCLUSION: Socio-economic hardship, interpersonal isolation and personal withdrawal were significantly and independently associated with major depression in this population of gay men. IMPLICATIONS: The study provides further evidence of health inequity affecting gay men in Australia. Structural health promotion approaches focused on homophobia and discrimination...

Exploring dental behaviours of carers of adults with disabilities: oral health literacy and psycho-social factors.

Pradhan, Archana
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.88%
Background: People with physical and intellectual disabilities (PID) depend on their carers for daily oral care at home and attending regular preventive dental visits. However, very few carers seem to receive training in oral care for people with PID. Carers’ oral health literacy, and psycho-social factors (carer dental efficacy, carer oral health competency, and carer activation measure) may be associated with the ability of carers to provide good oral care to their care recipients. The oral health care provided could be further associated with the environment, such as the residential setting of the care recipients where the care is provided. Thus, the aims of the study were to describe and compare oral health literacy and psycho-social factors among carers, and assess any associations with preventive dental behaviours. Favourable associations could then be utilised to make recommendations for the development of appropriate education programmes for carers, that match their oral health literacy and psycho-social preparedness, so that carers can provide more appropriate care for their care recipients. Methods: The research was a follow-up study of carers of adults with PID living in Adelaide in three residential settings: family home; community housing; and institutions. Data were collected (February 2009 - April 2010) through a structured face-to-face interview of 100 carers. Oral health literacy (OHL) and general literacy (GL) were measured using text passages and prompts with a total of 25 items to assess comprehension and numerical ability of carers...

Do social factors matter for innovation, and do they influence innovation in Aeronautics Industry?

Yazan, Abdurrahman Mete
Fonte: IET/CESNOVA Publicador: IET/CESNOVA
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em /07/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.91%
Based on the report for the course on “Social Factors of Innovation” of the PhD Program on Technology Assessment, supervised by Prof. António Brandão Moniz, Monte de Caparica, University NOVA Lisbon, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, July 2013; As innovation plays an important role in economic growth and development, it is necessary to understand the factors, especially the social factors, which determine the differences in innovation intensity across countries and regions. However, since they are out of scope, the R&D investments and human capital will not be covered in detail in this paper. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between social factors and innovation generally and the case of Aeronautics Industry (AI). This paper analysed the influence of social factors on innovation activity and tried to understand the effect in AI. First, the theoretical background concerning innovation, and the social factors were introduced. Then, with an overview of the AIs in Europe and Turkey, the influence of different dimensions of social factors on determinants of innovation in AI was discussed. I have used secondary data sources published by academics and international organizations.; António Brandão Moniz (FCT-UNL) and Michael Decker (ITAS-KIT)

Prevalence of orofacial clefts and social factors in Brazil

Rodrigues,Katamara; Sena,Marina Fernandes de; Roncalli,Ângelo Giuseppe; Ferreira,Maria Ângela Fernandes
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica - SBPqO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.74%
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of orofacial clefts in live newborns from 1998 to 2002 in Brazilian state capitals and correlate their occurrence with a number of relevant socioeconomic factors collected in the 2000 census. Data was obtained from the Public Health Hospital Information System (SIH-SUS), Information System of Live Hospital Births (SINASC) and Atlases of Human Development in Brazil. The results showed that the mean prevalence of orofacial clefts in Brazil was 0.36 per 1,000 live births. Using Pearson's correlation coefficient, the correlation between cleft rate and social factors was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Our study suggests that there is no correlation between the municipal economic factors and the prevalence of orofacial clefts, which is likely influenced by underrecording problems in the less developed municipalities.

The Invisible Dead in the World Trade Center Attack: Another Case Study of How Social Factors Affect and Distort Disaster Statistics

Aguirre, Benigno E.; Quarantelli, E. L.
Fonte: Disaster Research Center Publicador: Disaster Research Center
Tipo: Outros Formato: 2923659 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.79%
This essay uses information from Latino immigrants who were victims in the World Trade Center (WTC) to illustrate the operation of counting as a central, theoretical issue. It examines the present day emphases on the operation of organizations, their lack of coordination, and fraud, which are used to explain the lack of validity of disaster mortality statistics. It complements these explanations with Alfred Schutz's phenomenological perspective, examining the social categories and understandings that were used to create the official list of the dead by the City of New York, the link of the official list with receipt of money from charities, and the work of Asociación Tepeyac de New York in developing an unofficial list of Latino victims some of whom were excluded from the official list. Results show that the Mexican mass media exaggerated the numbers of Mexican dead by a ratio of 15 to 1. Contrary to mass media reports, the Asociación also assisted people who were included in the official count of the dead. The list of the Asociación is overwhelmingly a list of male names, but neither gender has a greater proportion of exclusion from the official list. Exclusion from the official list occurs more often to Mexican men recently arrived in the country and earning a living in the underground economy of Lower Manhattan. A significantly greater proportion of Mexican victims are excluded from the official list if compared to Dominicans and Puerto Ricans. The social invisibility of some of the Latino victims is not caused solely by structural factors such as the operation of bureaucracies and systemic discrimination...

The Political Ecology of Disaster: An Analysis of Factors Influencing U.S. Tornado Fatalities and Injuries, 1998-2000

Donner, William R.
Fonte: Disaster Research Center Publicador: Disaster Research Center
Tipo: Outros Formato: 24749676 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.8%
This study examines the causes of tornado fatalities and injuries in the United States between the years 1998-2000. A political model of human ecology (POET) was used to explore how the environment, technology, and social inequality influence rates of fatalities and injuries in two models. Data were drawn from four sources: John Hart's Severe Plot v2.0, National Weather Service (NWS) Warning Verification data, Storm Prediction Center (SPC) watch data, and tract-level Census data. Negative binomial regression was used to analyze the causes of tornado fatalities and injuries. Independent variables (following POET) are classified in the following manner: population, organization, environment, and technology. Tornado area represents environment; tornado watches and warnings, as well as mobile homes, correspond to technology; rural population, population density, and household size operationalize population; and racial minorities and deprivation represent social organization. Findings suggest a strong relationship between the size of a tornado path and both fatalities and injuries, whereas other measures related to technology, population, and organization produce significant yet mixed results. Census tracts with larger populations of rural residents was...

The Role of Subjective and Social Factors in the Desistance Process: A Within-Individual Examination

Crank, Beverly
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Buch (Monographie); info:eu-repo/semantics/book
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
Many scholars examining desistance from crime have emphasized the importance of social factors in triggering the desistance process. Most notably, the work of Sampson and Laub (1993) focuses on the role of social bonds (e.g., marriage and employment), which serve as turning points in offenders’ lives, while other scholars have emphasized other important social factors, such as antisocial peer influence (Stouthamer-Loeber, Wei, Loeber, Masten, 2004; Warr, 1998, 2002). However, missing from such works is the role of subjective factors (e.g., thinking patterns, expectations, self-identity) in the desistance process, despite evidence that changes in identity and other cognitive transformations promote desistance from criminal offending (Giordano, Cernkovich, & Rudolph, 2002; Maruna, 2001). Examining the combined role of subjective and social factors is important, because it may lead to a more comprehensive understanding of the desistance process. Desistance researchers typically focus on one set of factors, while downplaying the other set of factors. Rarely have researchers examined the effects of social and subjective factors simultaneously (for exceptions, see Healy, 2010; Laub & Sampson, 2003; Morizot & Le Blanc, 2007). And even fewer attempts have been made to examine the interplay between social and subjective factors (for exceptions...

Uso de drogas psicotrópicas por estudantes: prevalência e fatores sociais associados; Use of psychotropics drugs among students: prevalence and associated social factors

Soldera, Meire; Dalgalarrondo, Paulo; Corrêa Filho, Heleno Rodrigues; Silva, Cleide A M
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2004 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.74%
OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência do uso pesado de drogas por estudantes de primeiro e segundo graus em uma amostra de escolas públicas e particulares, e identificar fatores demográficos, psicológicos e socioculturais associados. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com uma técnica de amostragem do tipo intencional comparando-se escolas públicas de áreas periféricas e centrais e escolas particulares. Foi utilizado um questionário anônimo de autopreenchimento. A amostra foi constituída por 2.287 estudantes de primeiro e segundo graus da cidade de Campinas, SP, no ano de 1998. Considerou-se uso pesado, o uso de drogas em 20 dias ou mais nos 30 dias que antecederam a pesquisa. Para análise estatística, utilizou-se a análise de regressão logística politômica - modelo logito, visando identificar fatores que influenciem este modo de usar drogas. RESULTADOS: O uso pesado de drogas lícitas e ilícitas foi de: álcool (11,9%), tabaco (11,7%), maconha (4,4%), solventes (1,8%), cocaína (1,4%), medicamentos (1,1%), ecstasy (0,7%). O uso pesado foi maior entre os estudantes da escola pública central, do período noturno, que trabalhavam, pertencentes aos níveis socioeconômicos A e B, e cuja educação religiosa na infância foi pouco intensa. CONCLUSÕES: Maior disponibilidade de dinheiro e padrões específicos de socialização foram identificados como fatores associados ao uso pesado de drogas em estudantes.; OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of the heavy use of drugs among elementary and high school students in a sample of public and private schools...

Fatores psico-sociais e pedagógicos da indisciplina: da infância à adolescência; PEDAGOGICAL AND PSYCHO-SOCIAL FACTORS OF INDISCIPLINE: FROM CHILDHOOD TO ADOLESCENCE

de Oliveira, Maria Izete; Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso
Fonte: Linhas Críticas; Critical Lines Publicador: Linhas Críticas; Critical Lines
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/09/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.77%
O presente texto traz à tona a discussão de um tema que, há algumas décadas, vem interferindo de forma negativa na prática pedagógica dos profissionais da educação, causando conflitos não só na relação professor-aluno, mas nas relações dentro das instituições. Discutimos, primeiramente, de forma breve, o conceito de disciplina e indisciplina, defendendo uma postura democrática por parte do professor e participativa por parte do aluno. Em um segundo momento, abordamos alguns fatores psico-sociais e pedagógicos que interferem no comportamento da criança e que acabam culminando em indisciplina na sala de aula e na escola; ao mesmo tempo, apresentamos algumas propostas de prevenção e controle da indisciplina.; This  paper  brings  to  light  the  discussion  of  a  topic  that,  since  a  few  decades,  is interfering in a negative way in the pedagogical practice of education professionals, thus causing conflicts not only in the teacher-student relationship, but in relationships within the  institutions  as  well.  We  first  briefly  discuss  the  concept  of  discipline  and indiscipline defending a democratic posture on  the part of  teacher and  involvement of the  student.  Secondly...

Demographic and social factors influencing public opinion on prostitution: an exploratory study in Kwazulu-Natal Province, South Africa

Pudifin,S; Bosch,S
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.74%
This paper examines countervailing South African public opinion on the subject of prostitution in South Africa, and identifies the factors which might influence these attitudes. It also investigates the complex relationship between public opinion and the law. Whilst engaging in prostitution constitutes a criminal offence under the Sexual Offences Act 23 of 1957, it is generally ignored by the police, which results in a quasi-legalised reality on the ground. In recent years there has been growing demand for the decriminalisation of prostitution, and as a result the issue is currently under consideration by the South African Law Reform Commission. The Commission released a Discussion Paper on Adult ProSstitution in May 2009, and is expected to make recommendations to parliament for legal reform in this area. An exploratory survey of 512 South Africans revealed interesting correlations between opinion on prostitution and both demographic characteristics (including gender, age, race and education level) and so-called "social" characteristics (including religiosity, belief in the importance of gender equality, the acceptance of rape myths, and a belief that prostitutes have no other options). The survey reveals two key findings in respect of the attitudes of South Africans to prostitution. Firstly...

Perinatal factors in students admitted to the university of the West Indies data from the jamaican perinatal study

Foster-Williams,K; Younger,N; Brown-Dennis,A; Ashley,DE; McCaw-Binns,A; Samms-Vaughan,M; Williams,W; Serjeant,GR
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.7%
OBJECTIVE: To compare perinatal and social factors in students admitted to The University of the West Indies (UWI), Kingston, Jamaica, at age 18 years with those in the rest of the Jamaican Perinatal Cohort. METHODS: The Jamaican Perinatal Survey recorded demographic and perinatal details in 10 527 or 97% of births in Jamaica in September and October 1986. Eighteen years later, 140 of these were admitted to the UWI in Kingston, Jamaica. The perinatal features of these UWI students have been compared with the rest ofthe Perinatal Survey Cohort. RESULTS: Mothers of UWI students were older (p < 0.001), more likely to be married at the time of birth (p < 0.001), had earlier and more complete antenatal care (p < 0.05) and greater educational achievement at time of pregnancy (p < 0.001). These mothers of UWI students were also more likely to have diabetes (p < 0.01), operative deliveries (p < 0.01) and to attend private hospitals (p < 0.01). The UWI students had fewer siblings by their mothers (p < 0.05), were less likely to be low birthweight babies (p = 0.035) and more likely to be full term (37-42 weeks) than lower gestational age (p = 0.005). Differences in Apgar scores did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: The students of the University of the West Indies were more likely to come from smaller families with features indicative of a better quality of life. They were also of higher birthweight and tended to be full term. The lack of association of Apgar scores with educational attainment is noteworthy.

Quality of life related to oral health: contribution from social factors

Cohen-Carneiro,Flávia; Souza-Santos,Reinaldo; Rebelo,Maria Augusta Bessa
Fonte: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva Publicador: ABRASCO - Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.77%
Sociodental indicators have been widely used in epidemiological research related to oral health, as they add the dimension of the impact of oral health on the quality of life of individuals and populations. Various studies have been done in order to validate new instruments to assess these subjective perceptions, however, the association between social parameters and impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) has not been systematically studied, thus there is still doubt as to the role of the main social variables as OHRQoL impact modulators. This study aims to systematically review the literature in order to evidence the association between six social parameters and OHRQoL. Based on six exclusion criteria, the literature search revealed 40 eligible publications for analyses. The frequency of expected (positive) association between the social parameters and OHRQoL was greater than the non-expected (negative) associations for the six parameters. Conclusions: The social conditions most clearly associated with the perception of negative impact on OHRQoL were: women, with poor education and low income, immigrants or people belonging to minority ethnic groups.