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Desenvolvimento pessoal e social em desporto : relações entre responsabilidade pessoal e social, orientação motivacional e atitudes face ao desporto.

Martins, Paulo Jorge
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
Doutoramento em Motricidade Humana, especialidade em Psicologia do Exercício e do Desporto; Esta tese pretende investigar o desenvolvimento da responsabilidade pessoal e social através do desporto. Desta forma procurou-se estudar a responsabilidade pessoal e social na sua relação com a estrutura motivacional (empenhamento, orientação para o ego e para a tarefa e tipo de motivação (intrínseca/extrínseca) e nas suas relações com as atitudes face ao valor do desporto. Para tal foi necessário proceder à validação de um instrumento de avaliação dos níveis de responsabilidade pessoal e social no desporto e de um instrumento de avaliação dos níveis de empenhamento do atleta. Nos diversos estudos desenvolvidos, os dados foram analisados através de modelos de equações estruturais e análises multi-grupos. Os resultados mostraram que o empenhamento e a orientação para a tarefa se associam com os níveis de responsabilidade pessoal e social e que elevados níveis de responsabilidade pessoal e social aumentam a probabilidade de atitudes socialmente positivas. Limitações e direções para futuras pesquisas são também discutidas.; ABSTRACT : This thesis aims to investigate the development of personal and social responsibility through sport. Thus we sought to study the personal and social responsibility in its relationship with the motivational structure (engagement...

O reduzido envolvimento social : Implicações para o ajustamento psicossocial de crianças em contexto pré-escolar

Santos, António José; Monteiro, Lígia Maria Santos; Sousa, Tânia Lobo; Fernandes, Carla; Torres, Nuno; Vaughn, Brian E.
Fonte: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Curso de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
O reduzido envolvimento social, aspeto central na defi nição da solidão social, foi analisado numa amostra de 337 crianças portuguesas (171 rapazes), com idades compreendidas entre os três e os cinco anos. Com base em metodologias de observação, realizadas em contexto de Jardim de infância, verifi cou-se que níveis reduzidos de envolvimento social estão negativamente associados a baixos níveis de competência social, de resiliência e de um elevado ego-controle. A aceitação pelos pares, o impacto e a preferência social, analisados com base nas medidas sociométricas, encontram-se, também, negativamente associados com os níveis de baixo envolvimento social. Os resultados refl etem as difi culdades de ajustamento psicossocial destas crianças e enfatizam o seu potencial risco para o desenvolvimento saudável.; ABSTRACT: Low social engagement, a central feature of the defi nition of solitude, was examined in a sample of 337 Portuguese children (171 boys), ages ranging between 3 and 5 years. Based on observation measures, collected in school settings, Low Social Engagement was negatively associated with a broad range of adaptive outcomes, including social competence, ego-resilience as well as higher levels of ego-undercontrol. Negative associations were also found with sociometric measures of peer acceptance...

Intervention in Autism: Social Engagement Implemented by Caregivers

Santos,Adrine Carvalho dos; Garotti,Marilice Fernandes; Ribeiro,Ivete Furtado; Bosa,Cleonice Alves
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.3%
To become involved in states of social engagement with their caregivers is a core deficit of children with autism. This study verified the effectiveness of an intervention with caregivers for the promotion of social engagement in their children with autism. The interactions of seven dyads were video recorded before, during and after the intervention in order to record the duration of eleven states of the children’ attention engagement, coded as social engagement (SE) or non-social engagement (NSE). Eight hours of intervention were divided into meetings with all the caregivers and into individualized monitoring. After the intervention, significant differences were observed regarding the increase of SE and in the decrease of NSE and these gains were maintained at follow-up. The increase in SE was positively associated with the degree of caregivers’ adherence to the treatment. We conclude that short duration interventions can qualify caregivers as competent mediators to increase social engagements.

Social Engagement in Adolescence Moderates the Association between Weight Status and Body Image

Caccavale, Laura J.; Farhat, Tilda; Iannotti, Ronald J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
This study examined whether the association between adolescent weight status and body image varies by social engagement. A nationally representative sample of 6,909 students in grades 6 to 10 completed the 2006 HBSC survey. Separate linear regressions for boys and girls, controlling for age, race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status, were conducted with an interaction term (weight status x social engagement). Adolescents’ overweight/obese status was related to body dissatisfaction. Social engagement moderated the relationship between weight status and body image for girls but not for boys. Overweight/obese boys had more body dissatisfaction compared to their normal/underweight peers, regardless of their social engagement. However, overweight/obese girls with more social engagement were more likely to have body satisfaction compared to overweight/obese girls with less social engagement. Encouraging adolescent girls to develop healthy relationships with peers may prevent them from developing body dissatisfaction.

Concurrent and Prospective Relationships between Social Engagement and Personality Traits in Older Adulthood

Lodi-Smith, Jennifer; Roberts, Brent W.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
The current research examined the longitudinal relationship between social engagement and personality traits in older adults. Specifically, the present research examined how engagement in family and community roles related to conscientiousness, agreeableness, and emotional stability in a sample of 100 Illinois residents age 60 to 86 assessed twice over a period of two and a half years. Social engagement and personality traits were prospectively related to conscientiousness and agreeableness over time in three ways. First, concurrent relationships during Wave 1 suggest that agreeable older adults are more socially engaged. Next, Wave 1 standing on both personality traits and social engagement predicted respective change over time. In addition, changes in engagement and personality traits covaried over time. The specific patterns present in the current study suggest that while some relationships were consistent with research findings in young adulthood and midlife, role investment in old age may have a distinctly different meaning than role investment earlier in the lifespan. These patterns suggest that personality traits can both inform our understanding of engagement during older adulthood and that personality traits may be meaningful outcomes of the aging experience in their own right.

Association of Social Engagement with Brain Volumes Assessed by Structural MRI

James, Bryan D.; Glass, Thomas A.; Caffo, Brian; Bobb, Jennifer F.; Davatzikos, Christos; Yousem, David; Schwartz, Brian S.
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
We tested the hypothesis that social engagement is associated with larger brain volumes in a cohort study of 348 older male former lead manufacturing workers (n = 305) and population-based controls (n = 43), age 48 to 82. Social engagement was measured using a summary scale derived from confirmatory factor analysis. The volumes of 20 regions of interest (ROIs), including total brain, total gray matter (GM), total white matter (WM), each of the four lobar GM and WM, and 9 smaller structures were derived from T1-weighted structural magnetic resonance images. Linear regression models adjusted for age, education, race/ethnicity, intracranial volume, hypertension, diabetes, and control (versus lead worker) status. Higher social engagement was associated with larger total brain and GM volumes, specifically temporal and occipital GM, but was not associated with WM volumes except for corpus callosum. A voxel-wise analysis supported an association in temporal lobe GM. Using longitudinal data to discern temporal relations, change in ROI volumes over five years showed null associations with current social engagement. Findings are consistent with the hypothesis that social engagement preserves brain tissue, and not consistent with the alternate hypothesis that persons with smaller or shrinking volumes become less socially engaged...

Social Engagement and Health in Younger, Older, and Oldest-Old Adults in the Louisiana Healthy Aging Study (LHAS)

Cherry, Katie E.; Walker, Erin Jackson; Brown, Jennifer Silva; Volaufova, Julia; LaMotte, Lynn R.; Welsh, David A.; Su, L. Joseph; Jazwinski, S. Michal; Ellis, Rebecca; Wood, Robert H.; Frisard, Madlyn I.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
Social support has been shown to influence health outcomes in later life. In this study, we focus on social engagement as an umbrella construct that covers select social behaviors in a lifespan sample that included oldest-old adults, a segment of the adult population for whom very little data currently exist. We examined relationships among social engagement, positive health behaviors, and physical health to provide new evidence that addresses gaps in the extant literature concerning social engagement and healthy aging in very old adults. Participants were younger (21–59 years), older (60–89 years), and oldest-old (90–97 years) adults (N = 364) in the Louisiana Healthy Aging Study (LHAS). Linear regression analyses indicated that age, gender, and hours spent outside of the house were significantly associated with self-reported health. The number of clubs and hours outside of home were more important factors in the analyses of objective health status than positive health behaviors, after considering age group and education level. These data strongly suggest that social engagement remains an important determinant of physical health into very late adulthood. The discussion focuses on practical applications of these results including social support interventions to maintain or improve late life health.

Social Networks, Social Integration, and Social Engagement Determine Cognitive Decline in Community-Dwelling Spanish Older Adults

Zunzunegui, María-Victoria; Alvarado, Beatriz E.; Del Ser, Teodoro; Otero, Angel
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
Objectives. To examine the influence of social networks and social engagement on cognitive decline in a population-based cohort of elderly people, and to assess gender differences in the effect of social relations on cognition.

Translating Social Motivation into Action: Contributions of Need for Approval to Children’s Social Engagement

Rudolph, Karen D.; Bohn, Lauren E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.3%
This research examined how children’s need for approval (NFA) from peers predicted social behavior (prosocial behavior, aggression, social helplessness) and peer responses (acceptance, victimization, exclusion). Children (N = 526, M age = 7.95, SD = .33) reported on need for approval and teachers reported on social engagement. Approach NFA (motivation to gain approval) predicted more positive engagement and less conflictual engagement and disengagement. Conversely, avoidance NFA (motivation to avoid disapproval) predicted less positive engagement and more conflictual engagement and disengagement. Some results differed by gender. This study suggests that social motivation contributes to children’s peer relationships, providing a specific target for interventions to optimize social health.

Assessing and Improving Early Social Engagement in Infants

Koegel, Lynn; Singh, Anji; Koegel, Robert; Hollingsworth, Jessica; Bradshaw, Jessica
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
Empirical studies have documented a variety of social abnormalities in infancy that indicate risk for later social and behavioral difficulties. There is very little research illustrating the presence of such behavioral vulnerabilities with frequent repeated measures, and the feasibility of designing interventions for improving social engagement in infants under one year of age. In the context of a multiple baseline research design, three young infants, ages 4, 7, and 9 months referred for concerns about social engagement were assessed for affect, social interest, eye contact avoidance, and response to name. Additionally, the feasibility of implementing an intervention to target social behaviors was examined. Results demonstrated that: (1) consistently low or erratic levels of social behavior were evident throughout the baseline assessment period; (2) these patterns could be improved with a brief intervention (a modified Pivotal Response Treatment) showing an immediate increase and stability of social engagement; and (3) social engagement remained at a stable and high level at follow-up. The results are discussed in terms of implications of early assessment and intervention for clinical populations, including infants with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Branded marketing events: the influence of event experience on customer engagement.

Altschwager, Teagan Lynette
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%
This thesis investigates the role of branded marketing events (BMEs) in facilitating customer engagement. As business environments become more dynamic and interactive, customers are seeking participation through unique experiences with brands (Vivek, Beatty, and Morgan 2012), and hence customer engagement has emerged as an important concept in academe. Previous research has demonstrated that customer engagement is highly impactful in enhancing customer-brand relationships (Brodie, Hollebeek, Jurić, and Ilić 2011a), however, there has been little research exploring the antecedents that facilitate customer engagement. This thesis proposes that BMEs can be used as strategic tools to facilitate engagement with an event, with engagement transferred to the brand and ultimately resulting in enhanced behavioural intention of loyalty. A quantitative online survey was conducted in the South Australian wine industry to investigate how experiential components of a BME contribute to both customer event engagement and customer brand engagement. The impact of BME experiences on behavioural intention of loyalty, and the moderation effect of experiential needs are examined through structural equation modelling. Results indicate that customer event engagement has a mediating effect on the relationship between BME experiences and customer brand engagement. Sensorial...

Enabling Environments for Civic Engagement in PRSP Countries

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
It is now increasingly recognized that, alongside the state and the market, civil society is a critical factor in determining the level, pace and equity of a country's economic, social and political development. Civic engagement is the participation of private actors in the public sphere, conducted through direct and indirect interactions of civil society organizations and citizens-at-large with government, multilateral institutions and business establishments to influence decision making or pursue common goals. It is a process that organizes citizens or their entrusted representatives to "influence, shape and control public affairs and development initiatives, implementation and resources. Under the right conditions civic engagement can promote development and improve the economic and social conditions of the poor. How civil society can maximize its potential in alleviating poverty and promoting social accountability, and what types of laws, regulations, governance and cultural norms are needed to create the most conducive environment in which civil society operates...

Suporte social, engagement e comportamentos de cidadania organizacional : a perspectiva do processo motivacional

Duarte, Andreia Filipa Ribeiro
Fonte: Universidade de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.4%
Tese de mestrado integrado em Psicologia (Secção de Recursos Humanos, do Trabalho e das Organizações), apresentada à Universidade de Lisboa através da Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, 2008; O presente estudo tem como intuito testar o processo motivacional através de uma amostra constituída por enfermeiros. O modelo tido como base de análise foi o Job Demands Resources Model, o qual postula a existência de um processo responsável pelo bem-estar e engagement dos trabalhadores. As variáveis incluídas neste estudo foram o engagement, o suporte social e os comportamentos de cidadania organizacional (CCO's). Foram colocadas as seguintes hipóteses: elevados níveis de suporte social tendem a estar associados positivamente com o engagement, nomeadamente com as dimensões vigor e dedicação (H1); elevados níveis de suporte social tendem a estar associados a CCO's (H2); e, ainda, o engagement mediara a relação entre o suporte social e os CCO's (H3). Os resultados demonstraram que H1 e H2 foram parcialmente corroboradas, sendo que H3 não pode ser testada devido a ausência de uma condição para a existência de uma relação de mediação. Assim, conclui-se que a disponibilidade de recursos e fundamental para a existência de engagement...

O reduzido envolvimento social: implicações para o ajustamento psicossocial de crianças em contexto pré-escolar

Santos, A. J.; Monteiro, L.; Sousa, T.; Fernandes, C.; Torres, N.; Vaughn, B.
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
SCIELO:S0102-79722015000100186 (Nº de Acesso Web of Science); O reduzido envolvimento social, aspeto central na definição da solidão social, foi analisado numa amostra de 337 crianças portuguesas (171 rapazes), com idades compreendidas entre os três e os cinco anos. Com base em metodologias de observação, realizadas em contexto de Jardim de infância, verificou-se que níveis reduzidos de envolvimento social estão negativamente associados a baixos níveis de competência social, de resiliência e de um elevado ego-controle. A aceitação pelos pares, o impacto e a preferência social, analisados com base nas medidas sociométricas, encontram-se, tam- bém, negativamente associados com os níveis de baixo envolvimento social. Os resultados refletem as dificuldades de ajustamento psicossocial destas crianças e enfatizam o seu potencial risco para o desenvolvimento saudável. Low social engagement, a central feature of the definition of solitude, was examined in a sample of 337 Portuguese children (171 boys), ages ranging between 3 and 5 years. Based on observation measures, collected in school settings, Low Social Engagement was negatively associated with a broad range of adaptive outcomes, including social competence, ego-resilience as well as higher levels of ego-undercontrol. Negative associations were also found with sociometric measures of peer acceptance...

Intervention in autism: social engagement implemented by caregivers

SANTOS, Adrine Carvalho dos; GAROTTI, Marilice Fernandes; RIBEIRO, Ivete Furtado; BOSA, Cleonice Alves
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Pará Publicador: Universidade Federal do Pará
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.34%
Envolver-se em estados de engajamento social com seus cuidadores ? um d?ficit central de crian?as com autismo. Este estudo verificou a efetividade de uma interven??o com cuidadores para a promo??o de engajamento social em suas crian?as com autismo. As intera??es de sete d?ades foram filmadas antes, durante e ap?s a interven??o para registro da dura??o de onze estados de engajamento da aten??o infantil, categorizados como social (ES) ou n?o social (ENS). Oito horas de interven??o foram divididas em encontros grupais e em monitoramentos individuais. Ap?s a interven??o foram observadas diferen?as significativas no aumento de ES e na diminui??o de ENS e esses ganhos foram mantidos na avalia??o de seguimento. O aumento em ES estava positivamente associado ao grau de ades?o das cuidadoras ao tratamento. Conclu?mos que interven??es de curta dura??o podem capacitar cuidadores como mediadores competentes para aumentar engajamentos sociais.; ABSTRACT: To become involved in states of social engagement with their caregivers is a core deficit of children with autism. This study verified the effectiveness of an intervention with caregivers for the promotion of social engagement in their children with autism. The interactions of seven dyads were video recorded before...

In a World that Counts: Clustering and Detecting Fake Social Engagement at Scale

Li, Yixuan; Martinez, Oscar; Chen, Xing; Li, Yi; Hopcroft, John
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/12/2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
How can web services that depend on user generated content discern fake social engagement activities by spammers from legitimate ones? In this paper, we focus on the social site of YouTube and the problem of identifying bad actors posting inorganic contents and inflating the count of social engagement metrics. We propose an effective method, Leas (Local Expansion at Scale), and show how the fake engagement activities on YouTube can be tracked over time by analyzing the temporal graph based on the engagement behavior pattern between users and YouTube videos. With the domain knowledge of spammer seeds, we formulate and tackle the problem in a semi-supervised manner --- with the objective of searching for individuals that have similar pattern of behavior as the known seeds --- based on a graph diffusion process via local spectral subspace. We offer a fast, scalable MapReduce deployment adapted from the localized spectral clustering algorithm. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our deployment at Google by achieving an manual review accuracy of 98% on YouTube Comments graph in practice. Comparing with the state-of-the-art algorithm CopyCatch, Leas achieves 10 times faster running time. Leas is actively in use at Google, searching for daily deceptive practices on YouTube's engagement graph spanning over a billion users.; Comment: accepted to the International Conference on World Wide Web (WWW'16)

Why Are You More Engaged? Predicting Social Engagement from Word Use

Mahmud, Jalal; Chen, Jilin; Nichols, Jeffrey
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/02/2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
We present a study to analyze how word use can predict social engagement behaviors such as replies and retweets in Twitter. We compute psycholinguistic category scores from word usage, and investigate how people with different scores exhibited different reply and retweet behaviors on Twitter. We also found psycholinguistic categories that show significant correlations with such social engagement behaviors. In addition, we have built predictive models of replies and retweets from such psycholinguistic category based features. Our experiments using a real world dataset collected from Twitter validates that such predictions can be done with reasonable accuracy.

Intervention in Autism: Social Engagement Implemented by Caregivers; Intervención en Autismo: Engajamento Social Implementada por Cuidadores; Intervenção em Autismo: Engajamento Social Implementado por Cuidadores

Santos, Adrine Carvalho dos; Garotti, Marilice Fernandes; Ribeiro, Ivete Furtado; Bosa, Cleonice Alves
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2015 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
Envolver-se em estados de engajamento social com seus cuidadores é um déficit central de crianças com autismo. Este estudo verificou a efetividade de uma intervenção com cuidadores para a promoção de engajamento social em suas crianças com autismo. As interações de sete díades foram filmadas antes, durante e após a intervenção para registro da duração de onze estados de engajamento da atenção infantil, categorizados como social (ES) ou não social (ENS). Oito horas de intervenção foram divididas em encontros grupais e em monitoramentos individuais. Após a intervenção foram observadas diferenças significativas no aumento de ES e na diminuição de ENS e esses ganhos foram mantidos na avaliação de seguimento. O aumento em ES estava positivamente associado ao grau de adesão das cuidadoras ao tratamento. Concluímos que intervenções de curta duração podem capacitar cuidadores como mediadores competentes para aumentar engajamentos sociais.; To become involved in states of social engagement with their caregivers is a core deficit of children with autism. This study verified the effectiveness of an intervention with caregivers for the promotion of social engagement in their children with autism. The interactions of seven dyads were video recorded before...

Social Engagement, Limitations, and Mortality in Late Life

Thomas, Patricia
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2010
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.35%

This study uses social integration theory within a life course framework to examine the relationships among social engagement, physical limitations, cognitive limitations, and mortality. Data for this study come from the Americans' Changing Lives survey, a nationally representative panel study conducted in 1986, 1989, 1994, and 2002, with mortality information spanning from 1986 to 2005. First, structural equation modeling is used in cross-lagged panel models to examine gender differences in these relationships. Findings suggest that social engagement may have protective effects on health limitations for women but that physical and cognitive limitations can present barriers for social engagement among men. Second, growth mixture models were used to examine patterns of social engagement over time. This study then examined how these patterns of social engagement related to physical and cognitive limitations (using latent growth curve models) and mortality (using Cox proportional hazards models). Findings suggest the importance of maintaining high levels of social engagement and increasing social engagement over time for better physical and cognitive health and lower risk of mortality for older adults.

; Dissertation

Assessing the impact of illness, caring and ethnicity on social activity

Platt, Lucinda
Fonte: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /03/2006 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
It has long been accepted that lack of social participation in wider society is one aspect or one definition of poverty. Current concerns with the extent and distribution of social capital as both a measure of a good society and as means to upward mobility also emphasise the importance of social contacts and networks to the well-being of individuals and communities. While research has often focused on ‘civic participation’ and the measurement of trust, more informal social bonds are also a crucial part of individuals’ social capital. Moreover, informal social capital or social participation might be particularly important for those whose circumstances make them already more vulnerable to marginalisation, exclusion or poverty. For example, social interaction has been argued to be conducive to better outcomes for those with health problems; and there is an extensive literature which aims to chart and explain the role of ‘ethnic capital’ in the life chances of minority ethnic groups. I use the British Home Office Citizenship Survey 2001 for England and Wales to explore the impact on four aspects of lack of social engagement of long-term illness, caring for someone with such an illness, and ethnicity. Controlling for a range of characteristics and examining the relationships separately for men and women there is evidence that between them...