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A psicologia evolucionista e os domínios da cognição social; Evolutionary psychology and the social cognition domains

Vasconcellos, Silvio José Lemos; Jaeger, Antonio; Parente, Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta; Hutz, Claudio Simon
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
O estudo da cognição social começou a ter destaque com o surgimento da Psicologia Cognitiva no final dos anos 60 e início dos anos 70. A expressão refere-se aos processos que orientam o comportamento diante de outros indivíduos. Este trabalho analisa uma nova abordagem da cognição social baseada na Psicologia Evolucionista. Os autores descrevem alguns aspectos relacionados à filogênese da cognição humana. A revisão bibliográfica desta pesquisa considerou livros e artigos sobre o tema publicados no período de 1975 a 2006. O artigo explica também os principais mecanismos que se apresentam como produtos da seleção natural e que surgiram para resolver problemas da vida social na história evolutiva humana. Na parte final, discute-se a importância desse novo enfoque.; The study of social cognition came to prominence with the rise of Cognitive Psychology in the late 1960s and early 1970s. The expression refers to the processes that subserve behavior in response to other individuals. This paper analyses a new approach of social cognition based on Evolutionary Psychology. The authors describe some aspects related to the phylogeny of human cognition. The bibliographical review of this research considered the 1975-2006 period and included articles and books about this subject. The present paper also explains the main mechanisms that are products of natural selection and that appeared to solve social life problems in human evolutionary history. In the last part...

Social cognition and Theory of Mind: controversies and promises for understanding major psychiatric disorders

Martins-Junior,Flavio Eduardo; Sanvicente-Vieira,Breno; Grassi-Oliveira,Rodrigo; Brietzke,Elisa
Fonte: Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro; Universidade de Brasília; Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Pontificia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro; Universidade de Brasília; Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
The term "social cognition" generally refers to the mental operations that underlie social interactions including the perception and interpretation of the intentions, dispositions, and behaviors of others and the generation of a response to these behaviors. Social cognition has been considered a valuable and promising field that strives to understand the nature and outcome of major mental disorders. This article discusses the concept of social cognition and its relationship to Theory of Mind (ToM). Theory of Mind in autistic spectrum disorders has been studied since the 1980s, and cognitive impairments in these disorders may be restricted to ToM deficits because other cognitive domains and nonsocial intelligence are preserved. This article addresses the issues of human ontogeny, reviews the main findings from research on schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, and summarizes the tools commonly used in the assessment of these illnesses.

Social Cognition in Schizophrenia

Green, Michael F.; Leitman, David I.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
Social cognition in schizophrenia is a rapidly emerging area of study. Because the number and diversity of studies in this area have increased, efforts have been made to better define terms and provide organizing frameworks. A key challenge confronting the study of social cognition in schizophrenia is building bridges between clinical scientists and social neuroscientists. The articles in this theme summarize data-based studies that have attempted to build or strengthen such bridges to better understand the neural bases of social cognitive impairment in schizophrenia.

Social Cognition: The Key Factor Predicting Social Outcome in People with Schizophrenia?

Harvey, Philip D.; Penn, David
Fonte: Matrix Medical Communications Publicador: Matrix Medical Communications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.29%
Impairments in different cognitive abilities have been found to be correlated with reduced real-world functioning in people with schizophrenia. A number of other features of the illness, such as depression and negative symptoms, contribute to the overall prediction of these outcomes. Impairment in social cognition is of particular interest as a mediating influence between cognition and social outcomes. Social cognition is a set of cognitive processes applied to the recognition, understanding, accurate processing, and effective use of social cues in real-world situations. In schizophrenia research, social cognition comprises the following domains: emotion perception, theory of mind (ToM), and attributional style. While substantial research has indicated that these abilities are clearly related to social outcomes, research has been slowed by problems in the measurement of these abilities. In this article, I will describe these abilities, discuss how they are currently measured, and how research could improve the current measurement of these abilities to make them more clinically useful.

Randomized controlled trial of computer-based treatment of social cognition in schizophrenia: the TRuSST trial protocol

Rose, Annika; Vinogradov, Sophia; Fisher, Melissa; Green, Michael F.; Ventura, Joseph; Hooker, Christine; Merzenich, Michael; Nahum, Mor
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
Background: Schizophrenia is a severe and chronic medical condition, characterized by positive and negative symptoms, as well as pervasive social cognitive deficits. Despite the functional significance of the social cognition deficits affecting many aspects of daily living, such as social relationships, occupational status, and independent living, there is still no effective treatment option for these deficits, which is applied as standard of care. To address this need, we developed a novel, internet-based training program that targets social cognition deficits in schizophrenia (SocialVille). Preliminary studies demonstrate the feasibility and initial efficacy of Socialville in schizophrenia patients (Nahum et al., 2014). The purpose of the current trial (referred to as the TReatment of Social cognition in Schizophrenia Trial or TRuSST) is to compare SocialVille to an active control training condition, include a larger sample of patients, and assess both social cognitive functioning, and functional outcomes. Methods/Design We will employ a multi-site, longitudinal, blinded, randomized controlled trial (RCT) design with a target sample of 128 patients with schizophrenia. Patients will perform, at their home or in clinic, 40 sessions of either the SocialVille training program or an active control computer game condition. Each session will last for 40–45 minutes/day...

Cognition sociale et traitement du contexte dans la schizophrénie : effets des stéréotypes

Charest, Anick
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%
Un déficit de la cognition sociale incluant l’attribution d’états mentaux, la perception sociale et la perception des émotions est l’une des caractéristiques les plus handicapantes de la schizophrénie. Les résultats d’une étude par Hardy-Baylé et al. (2003) suggèrent que les difficultés des schizophrènes (SZ) à attribuer des intentions aux autres seraient dues à l’incapacité à utiliser l’information contextuelle. Certaines études (Ivanko & Pexman, 2003; Pexman & Olineck, 2002b) démontrent que des facteurs comme le degré d’incongruité entre le contexte et l’énoncé, l’intonation de la voix et les caractéristiques des personnages peuvent influencer la compréhension de l’intention ironique chez les sujets sains (CT). L’objectif de cette étude est de manipuler des informations contextuelles afin de déterminer si le type de métier du locuteur est un indice social facilitant la compréhension de l’intention du locuteur (théorie de l’esprit ; TdE) et de la perception sociale chez les patients SZ. Trente participants SZ appariés avec trente participants CT ont été recrutés. Ils ont été évalués sur la compréhension de l’ironie et sur la mémoire de travail. Les histoires étaient développées selon deux conditions de métier: un métier favorisant la compréhension de l’ironie (e.g. comédien) et un métier ne favorisant pas la compréhension de l’ironie (e.g. prêtre). Les résultats montrent que les patients SZ ont un trouble de TdE et ils ne semblent pas sensibles aux stéréotypes contrairement aux participants CT. Toutefois...

Symptom severity of depressive symptoms impacts on social cognition performance in current but not remitted major depressive disorder

Air, T.; Weightman, M.J.; Baune, B.T.
Fonte: Frontiers Publicador: Frontiers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
The aim of the present study was to investigate the social cognitive functioning of participants with depression when compared with healthy controls, and to assess the impact of symptom severity. One hundred and eight patients with depression (66 remitted and 42 current) and 52 healthy controls were assessed using the Wechsler Advanced Clinical Solutions: Social Perception Subtest, measuring facial affect recognition in isolation and in combination with prosody and body language interpretation. When healthy controls, remitted depression and currently depressed groups were compared, no associations were found on any of the social cognition subscales. Severity of depressive and anxious symptoms predicted performance on all social cognition subscales in currently depressed participants, controlling for age, gender, education and psychotropic medication. Affective depressive symptoms were inversely related to ACS Pairs and Prosody subscales, while somatic symptoms were inversely related to the ACS Affect Recognition and Total scores. There was no association between severity and the WAIS ACS in remitted depression participants. People with MDD exhibiting more severe depressive and anxious symptoms and a cluster of affective symptoms have greater difficulty undertaking complex social cognitive tasks. Given the state like nature to these deficits...

Situated affective and social neuroscience

Iba??ez, Agust??n; Kotz, Sonja; Barrett, Louise; Moll, Jorge; Ruz, Mar??a
Fonte: Frontiers Foundation Publicador: Frontiers Foundation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.32%
This Research Topic features several papers tapping the situated nature of emotion and social cognition processes. The volume covers a broad scope of methodologies [behavioral assessment, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), structural neuroimaging, event-related potentials (ERPs), brain connectivity, and peripheral measures], populations (non-human animals, neurotypical participants, developmental studies, and neuropsychiatric and pathological conditions), and article types (original research, review papers, and opinion articles). Through this wide-ranging proposal, we introduce a fresh approach to the study of contextual effects in emotion and social cognition domains. We report four levels of evidence. First, we present studies examining how cognitive and neural functions are influenced by basic affective processes (interoception, motivation and reward, emotional impulsiveness, and appraisal of violent stimuli). A second set of behavioral and neuroscientific studies addresses how performance is modulated by different emotional variables (categorical and dimensional approaches to emotion, language-as-context for emotion, emotional suppression of the attentional blink, and reappraisal effects on the up-regulation of emotions). The studies in our third selection deal with different influences in social cognition (SC) domains (human and non-human comparative studies...

Fonctionnement émotionnel et social des adolescents dépressifs, de leur fratrie et d’un groupe témoin : étude transversale

Bossé-Chartier, Gabrielle
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.24%
Contexte : la présence d’un biais cognitif négatif chez les individus qui souffrent de dépression majeure (DM) et ceux qui y sont à haut risque (e.g. enfants de mères qui souffrent de DM) est maintenant établie. Aucune étude portant sur la vulnérabilité cognitive (VC) des membres de la fratrie n’est rapportée. Objectifs : la présente étude a pour but de vérifier si la fratrie des adolescents qui souffrent de DM présentent une VC qui les prédisposent à la DM. Méthode : cette étude porte sur 49 adolescents (18 participants traités pour une DM, 16 membres de la fratrie et 15 participants témoin), âgés entre 12 et 20 ans. La VC de chaque participant est quantifiée via un questionnaire qui mesure la réactivité cognitive (RC), soit le LEIDS-R, et une tâche de reconnaissance des expressions faciale (REF). La cognition sociale des participants est mesurée par le MASC, un outil qui évalue la cognition sociale par médium vidéo et que notre équipe a traduit de l’allemand au français. Résultats : les résultats préliminaires de la présente étude indiquent qu’une différence de réactivité cognitive est présente entre les adolescents traités pour une DM et les participants du groupe témoin (p < 0...

Assessment of social cognition in schizophrenia through the “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” test. Implications for rehabilitation; Valoración de la cognición social en esquizofrenia a través del test de la mirada. Implicaciones para la rehabilitación; Valoração da cognição social em esquizofrenia através do teste da olhada. Implicações para a reabilitação

Ortega García, Helga; Tirapu Ustárroz, Javier; López Goñi, José Luis
Fonte: Universidade do Rosário Publicador: Universidade do Rosário
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/06/2012 SPA; ENG; POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
Introduction: Schizophrenia is a serious and chronic mental illness that has effect on cognitive and social functioning of a person who suffers it. Recent research points out that social cognition subprocesses, such as Theory of Mind, social perception or emotional processing, have to do with some problems that patients show in their social adjustment. Aim: Assessing ability of recognizing mental states from facial expressions in schizophrenia patients compared to a control group. Subjects and methods: 17 stable schizophrenia patients who are aware of the illness and 17 healthy people, with the same age and sociocultural level, took the “Reading the Mind in the Eyes” Test Revised Version of Baron- Cohen. Results: Compared with the control group, subjects with schizophrenia showed much lower scores. Conclusions: It is confirmed that schizophrenia patients have impairments to understand facial expressions, especially from the eyes. That is typical of this illness, so it is necessary to do interventions at that point. Furthermore, inability to recognize emotions, as a domain of social cognition, contributes to deficit in functional outcome in schizophrenia. Finally, some treatment programs are put forward.; Introducción: la esquizofrenia es un trastorno mental severo y crónico que produce alteraciones en el funcionamiento cognitivo y social de quien lo padece. Recientes investigaciones señalan que subprocesos de la cognición social como la Teoría de la Mente...

Avaliação neuropsicológica da cognição social na esquizofrenia; Neuropsychological Evaluation of Social Cognition in Schizophrenia; Evaluación neuropsicológica de la cognición social en la esquizofrenia

Gutiérrez Ruiz, Karol; Fundación Universitaria Tecnológico Comfenalco Instituto de Rehabilitación Integral de Cartagena Rehabilita IPS
Fonte: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali Publicador: Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; "Artículo revisado por pares"; Artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
SPA; ENG; POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.39%
Escopo. A cognição social tem se convertido num constructo valioso para o estudo e compreensão da natureza da esquizofrenia, particularmente, para dar conta das dificuldades no funcionamento social característica do transtorno. Os termos utilizados para se referir a cognição social assim como sua definição e subdomínios associados variam amplamente de u m trabalho a outro, isto tem feito da avaliação do constructo uma empresa difícil, tem limitado a comunicação no campo científico de sua área assim como a comparação direta de descobrimentos entre estudos. Levando isto a conta, foi realizada uma revisão sistemática da literatura sobre cognição social na esquizofrenia com o fim de definir o constructo, identificar os principais domínios e subdomínios associados, seus níveis de complexidade e instrumentos mais utilizados na avaliação. Metodologia. Para isto, foram revisadas as bases de dados eletrônicas ISI Web of Knowledge, Medline, CSIC, PsycINFO e Academic Search Complete, procurando os términos Social cognition, schizophrenia, psychosis, cognición social, esquizofrenia e psicosis, separadamente, sem restrição de campo, sem limite temporal e limitada nas línguas inglesa e espanhola. Resultados. Uma vez identificados seus domínios...

Insular networks for emotional processing and social cognition: Comparison of two case reports with either cortical or subcortical involvement

Couto, Blas; Sedeño, Lucas; Sposato, Luciano; Sigman, Mariano; Riccio, Patricia; Salles, Alejo; Lopez, Vladimir; Schroeder, Johannes; Manes, Facundo Francisco; Ibañez, Agustín
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
The processing of the emotion of disgust is attributed to the insular cortex (IC), which is also responsible for social emotions and higher-cognitive functions. We distinguish the role of the IC from its connections in regard to these functions through the assessment of emotions and social cognition in a double case report. These subjects were very rare cases that included a focal IC lesion and a subcortical focal stroke affecting the connections of the IC with frontotemporal areas.; Fil: Couto, Blas. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina; Universidad Favaloro. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Neurociencias; Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas; Argentina;; Fil: Sedeño, Lucas. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina;; Fil: Sposato, Luciano. Instituto de Neurología Cognitiva; Argentina; Universidad Favaloro. Facultad de Medicina. Instituto de Neurociencias; Argentina;; Fil: Sigman, Mariano. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Oficina de Coordinación Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de Física de Buenos Aires; Argentina; Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Departamento de Física. Laboratorio de Neurociencia Integrativa; Argentina;; Fil: Riccio...

Preliminary evidence about the effects of meditation on interoceptive sensitivity and social cognition

Melloni, Margherita; Sedeño, Lucas; Couto, Juan Blas Marcos; Reynoso, Martín; Gelormini Lezama, Carlos; Favaloro, Roberto; Canales Johnson, Andres; Sigman, Mariano; Manes, Facundo Francisco; Ibañez, Agustín
Fonte: Biomed Central Publicador: Biomed Central
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
Background: Interoception refers to the conscious perception of body signals. Mindfulness is a meditation practice that encourages individuals to focus on their internal experiences such as bodily sensations, thoughts, and emotions. In this study, we selected a behavioral measure of interoceptive sensitivity (heartbeat detection task, HBD) to compare the effect of meditation practice on interoceptive sensitivity among long term practitioners (LTP), short term meditators (STM, subjects that completed a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program) and controls (non-meditators). All participants were examined with a battery of different tasks including mood state, executive function and social cognition tests (emotion recognition, empathy and theory of mind). Findings: Compared to controls, both meditators’ groups showed lower levels of anxiety and depression, but no improvement in executive function or social cognition performance was observed (except for lower scores compared to controls only in the personal distress dimension of empathy). More importantly, meditators’ performance did not differ from that of nonmeditators regarding cardiac interoceptive sensitivity. Conclusion: Results suggest no influence of meditation practice in cardiac interoception and in most related social cognition measures. These negative results could be partially due to the fact that awareness of heartbeat sensations is not emphasized during mindfulness/vipassana meditation and may not be the best index of the awareness supported by the practice of meditation.; Fil: Melloni...

From neural signatures of emotional modulation to social cognition: Individual differences in healthy volunteers and psychiatric participants

Ibanez, Agustin; Aguado, Jaume; Baez, Sandra; Huepe, David; Lopez, Vladimir; Ortega, Rodrigo; Sigman, Mariano; Mikulan, Ezequiel Pablo; Lischinsky, Alicia; Torrente, Fernando; Cetkovich, Marcelo; Torralva, Teresa; Bekinschtein, Tristán Andrés; Manes, Fa
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
It is commonly assumed that early emotional signals provide relevant information for social cognition tasks. The goal of this study was to test the association between (a) cortical markers of face emotional processing and (b) social-cognitive measures, and also to build a model which can predict this association (a and b) in healthy volunteers as well as in different groups of psychiatric patients. Thus, we investigated the early cortical processing of emotional stimuli (N170, using a face and word valence task) and their relationship with the social-cognitive profiles (SCPs, indexed by measures of theory of mind, fluid intelligence, speed processing and executive functions). Group comparisons and individual differences were assessed among schizophrenia (SCZ) patients and their relatives, individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), individuals with euthymic bipolar disorder (BD) and healthy participants (educational level, handedness, age and gender matched). Our results provide evidence of emotional N170 impairments in the affected groups (SCZ and relatives, ADHD and BD) as well as subtle group differences. Importantly, cortical processing of emotional stimuli predicted the SCP, as evidenced by a structural equation model analysis. This is the first study to report an association model of brain markers of emotional processing and SCP.; Fil: Ibanez...

The Influence of Beliefs on Children's and Adults' Cognition and Social Preferences

Heiphetz, Larisa Alexandra
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
Beliefs--mental representations of particular propositions as true--are fundamental to social cognition. Among the most influential beliefs are ideologies, which concern the way things should be and help people understand the social structures within which they live. Ideologies occupy a unique position because they contain elements of other types of beliefs. For example, to a Biblical literalist, the belief that the earth is 4000 years old may seem fact-like. Because not everyone agrees about ideologies, however, such beliefs may seem somewhat preference-like even to their strongest adherents. To investigate the role of social experience in reasoning about ideologies, we examined children and adults. Because children have significantly less experience with ideologies, their reasoning may diverge from adults. On the other hand, if children and adults respond similarly, this would indicate that vast amounts of experience are not necessary for adult-like belief-based cognition to emerge. Part 1 showed that 5-10 year old children and adults distinguished ideological beliefs from factual beliefs(a domain in which, if two people disagree, at least one must be wrong) and preference-based beliefs(a domain in which it is acceptable for people to disagree)...

Neurocognición, cognición social y funcionalidad en el trastorno bipolar

Santos López, Josep Manel
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.31%
Tradicionalmente se había creído que los pacientes diagnosticados de un trastorno bipolar experimentaban una recuperación clínica completa entre los episodios agudos y no padecían una afectación en la funcionalidad general, a diferencia de los pacientes diagnosticados de esquizofrenia. Sin embargo, en la última década del siglo XX y sobretodo la primera del siglo XXI ha habido un aumento importante del número de estudios que han demostrado que esas suposiciones eran erróneas. Actualmente sabemos que los pacientes bipolares muestran déficit neurocognitivo y deterioro psicosocial aún en fases de estabilización clínica, además, estudios recientes detectan que estos pacientes presentan también alteraciones en la cognición social (CS). El presente proyecto tenía como objetivo estudiar la neurocognición, la cognición social y el funcionamiento social en los pacientes bipolares y en familiares de primer grado sanos, y para llevar a cabo este objetivo se diseñaron dos estudios. El primer estudio pretendía analizar si el déficit cognitivo de pacientes bipolares eutímicos estaba relacionado con la evolución clínica de estos. Las hipótesis de trabajo fueron que aquellos pacientes con mayor número de recaídas en general...

Diseño, desarrollo y eficacia de una nueva intervención informatizada para el entrenamiento de las habilidades cognitivas y de la cognición social en pacientes con esquizofrenia o trastorno esquizoafectivo de diagnóstico reciente

Fernández Gonzalo, Mª Soledad
Fonte: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: [Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.42%
Las personas con esquizofrenia o trastorno esquizoafectivo presentan déficits neuropsicológicos y de la cognición social desde los primeros estadios de la enfermedad. Estas alteraciones se relacionan con el nivel de disfuncionalidad y contribuyen a disminuir la calidad de vida de los pacientes. La rehabilitación cognitiva y el entrenamiento en las habilidades de la cognición social son consideradas técnicas eficaces para disminuir y mejorar los problemas cognitivos y de la cognición social que presentan las personas con esquizofrenia o trastorno esquizoafectivo y su aplicación en las fases iniciales de la enfermedad podría mejorar, incluso prevenir, las dificultades cognitivas, de cognición social y funcionales observadas en pacientes crónicos. El presente proyecto tiene como objetivo general la creación de una nueva intervención viable y eficaz para el entrenamiento de las habilidades cognitivas y de la cognición social en el paciente con esquizofrenia o trastorno esquizoafectivo en fases tempranas de la enfermedad, mediante el desarrollo de un programa informatizado que permita la administración de sesiones individualizadas y personalizadas según las necesidades de cada paciente. Para poder alcanzar este objetivo...

Representações sociais, relações intergrupais e cognição social; Social representations, intergrupal relationships and social cognition

Cabecinhas, Rosa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2004 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
Pretendemos com este artigo ilustrar as potencialidades do estudo das representações sociais em articulação com outras áreas da psicologia social, nomeadamente com as teorias das relações intergrupais e os conceitos da cognição social. Começamos por fazer referência aos principais aspectos estudados no âmbito da teoria das representações sociais: o seu conceito, a sua formação, a sua estrutura, e as funções. Seguidamente, ilustramos os pontos de convergência e de divergência com a cognição social e salientamos o papel das relações intergrupais na formação e transformação das representações sociais. Finalizamos referindo algumas das críticas de que tem sido alvo esta área de estudo no âmbito da psicologia social e de que forma estas têm vindo a ser colmatadas.; This article aims to illustrate the potential of the study of social representations in articulation with other areas of social psychology, namely the theories of intergroup relations and some concepts from the field of social cognition. Firstly, we review the main aspects of the theory of social representations: the concept, the process of construction of social representation, their structure and functions. Then, we discuss points of convergence and divergence in relation to the field of social cognition and emphasize the role of intergroup relations in the construction and transformation of social representations. Finally...

The Neurobiology of Social Cognition: Role of the Posterior Cingulate Cortex

Nair, Amrita
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2013
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.26%

It has been suggested that primate brains are inherently biased towards gathering and processing the social information present in the world. In fact, the neural network that mediates our engagement with the external world - the default mode network (DMN) ¬- is strongly convergent with the neural circuitry for social cognition. The posterior cingulate (PCC) is believed to be a key node in both the DMN and in social cognition. Human and non-human primate studies have demonstrated a role for the PCC in outcome monitoring: it tracks rewards, subjective values of choices, task engagement and global choice strategies. It is also implicated in social cognition. Human studies show that PCC activity varies with the recall of autobiographical memories and exposure to social stimuli. While several electrophysiological studies explicate the response of PCC neurons to non-social outcome monitoring and valuation, there is a lack of similar studies for social valuation. This thesis is concerned with characterizing the neuronal responses in the PCC to social stimuli and determining whether social valuation occurs in the PCC in a manner similar to that previously described for non-social outcomes. I recorded the single unit activity of neurons in the PCC of rhesus macaques while they performed behavioral tasks that required attending to the faces of high-status or low-status individuals. Monkeys valued the faces of high-status individuals more than low-status individuals...

Neurocognition, social cognition and functional outcome in schizophrenia

Torio,Iosune; Bagney,Alexandra; Dompablo,Mónica; Campillo,María José; García-Fernández,Lorena; Rodríguez-Torresano,Javier; Jiménez-Arriero,Miguel Ángel; Palomo,Tomas; Rodríguez-Jiménez,Roberto
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
Background and Objectives: A relationship has been found between cognition and functioning in patients with schizophrenia. Our objective was to study the relationship between the cognitive domains assessed by the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB), and functioning as evaluated using the functioning subscale of the Global Assessment of Functioning scale (GAF-f). Methods: A sample of 83 clinically stable outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV criteria were assessed using the MCCB and the GAF-f. Pearson correlations and stepwise linear regression analyses were performed. Results: Correlation analysis between the GAF-f and the cognitive domains of the MCCB showed a significant relationship between functioning and all of the cognitive domains. Regression yielded a statistically significant model (F2,74 = 20.4, p < 0.001) in which functioning was related to Speed of processing (standardized β = 0.369, p = 0.001) and to Social cognition (standardized β = 0.325, p = 0.003). Together, these two variables explained 33.8% of the variance of functioning. Conclusions: Both speed of processing and social cognition have an important association with functioning in patients with schizophrenia.