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Diretrizes para gestão e gerenciamento de medicamentos de uso domiciliar : estudo de caso para o município de Limeira¿SP = Guidelines for domiciliary medication management : case study for the city of Limeira-SP; Guidelines for domiciliary medication management : case study for the city of Limeira-SP

Izabela Freire Teodoro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/02/2013 PT
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46.14%
Os produtos farmacêuticos têm sido amplamente utilizados na medicina humana, veterinária, como cosméticos e produtos de higiene pessoal, sendo caracterizados como substâncias emergentes e de caráter poluidor. O aporte dessas substâncias nos corpos hídricos suscita riscos para o meio ambiente e saúde pública. Atualmente existe a preocupação principalmente no que se diz respeito ao descarte de medicamentos de uso domiciliar, pois não existem regulamentos específicos para tal no Brasil. O equacionamento do problema envolve a proposição de medidas conjuntas, com a participação dos consumidores, fabricantes, distribuidores de medicamentos, e o poder público. Esta pesquisa visou levantar dados e informações junto às farmácias e drogarias, unidades básicas de saúde (UBS) e população, bem como propor diretrizes para a implantação de programas de gestão e gerenciamento de resíduos de medicamentos de uso domiciliar no município de Limeira - SP. Nas entrevistas realizadas junto às 92 farmácias e drogarias de Limeira, conveniadas a AFAL - Associação de Farmácias de Limeira, e nas 14 Unidades Básicas de Saúde do município, identificou-se que os programas de coleta de medicamentos de uso domiciliar existentes não são eficazes e possuem abrangência limitada. As entrevistas realizadas junto à população do município identificaram os hábitos relacionados ao consumo...

Conceptualizing a credits trading approach towards corporate social responsibility credits

Hede, Shantesh; Ferreira, Paula Varandas; Nunes, Manuel L.; Rocha, Luís A.
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 09/05/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Life Cycles of both products and services significantly consume renewable and non-renewable resources across a worldwide scale. Thus, eliciting an enormous environmental impact, that is known to disproportionately instigate crises into the socio-economic and political domains of our civilization. Therefore, Creation of Shared Value and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) have been considered by Policy makers, Public and Private Institutions. In addition to Corporate Philanthropy, CSR practices also encompass a wide spectrum of activities, including Stakeholder safety/welfare, designing sustainable products and ecological restoration to name a few which are ascertained to capital and knowledge intensive in nature. Therefore, this paper primarily structures the scope of CSR and proposes a mechanism for trading Corporate Social Responsibility credits in order to incentivize stakeholder centered business practices. Furthermore, the CSR credits trading methodology would entail similar mechanisms used by its remotely successful predecessors namely, tax incentives, tradable credits/certificates and flexible mechanisms for implementing sustainable projects. The CSR credits trading methodology is envisioned to entail a more holistic approach towards overall Sustainability when compared to Carbon Offsets/Renewable Energy Certificates which are more focused towards reducing the environmental footprint.; The author acknowledges the contribution of MIT Portugal Program...

Parent and Adolescent Distribution of Responsibility for Diabetes Self-care: Links to Health Outcomes

Helgeson, Vicki S.; Reynolds, Kerry A.; Siminerio, Linda; Escobar, Oscar; Becker, Dorothy
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Objective To examine the relation of adolescent and parent responsibility distribution for diabetes self-care to psychological and physical health. Methods We interviewed children (mean age 12 years) annually for 3 years and asked parents to complete a questionnaire. Both reported how diabetes self-care was distributed in the family. Amount of responsibility held by the child only, the parent only, and shared between child and parent was calculated. Psychological distress, competence, and diabetes outcomes were assessed at each wave. Results In both cross-sectional and longitudinal (lagged) analyses, multilevel modeling showed that shared responsibility was consistently associated with better psychological health, good self-care behavior, and good metabolic control, whereas child and parent responsibility were not. In some cases, links of shared responsibility to health outcomes were stronger among older adolescents. Conclusions These findings highlight the importance of shared responsibility for diabetes self-care through early to middle adolescence.

AIDS: Ushering in a new era of shared responsibility for global health

Buse, Kent; Martin, Greg
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/07/2012 EN
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46.3%
For the first time since AIDS erupted as worldwide emergency, global leaders, the scientific community, activists and people living with HIV are venturing to speak about the end to the pandemic. Signs of hope abound: over 8 million people are receiving life-saving treatment, the number of new infections is on significant decline, the remarkable evidence of treatment’s impact on preventing new infections and the aspiration of zero new HIV infections among children is firmly within grasp. This progress, won by people living with HIV and countries with support from partners such as the US programme PEPFAR, the Clinton Health Access Initiative and untold more, embodies global solidarity to bring about an AIDS-free generation. Shared responsibility and global solidarity represents a normative ideal to which both individual stakeholders and the global community must subscribe and embrace if our collective vision of an AIDS-free world is to be realised. The idea of shared responsibility and global solidarity needs to goes further than raising and investing resources and extend to the level of control countries take of their AIDS response. This editorial explores five areas that require further attention.

Introduction: Procedural Aspects of Shared Responsibility in International Adjudication

Nollkaemper, André
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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66.54%
The procedural rules of international courts are key to the ability of such courts to adjudicate questions of shared responsibility. These procedural rules, as well as the practice of international courts, vary widely and have not yet been subject of systematic study. To provide a basis for studying the degree in which international courts can effectively adjudicate claims against multiple responsible actors, this contribution will provide an analytical framework. This framework consists of four elements: a definition of ‘shared responsibility’ and ‘procedural rules of international adjudication’; a typology of procedural rules that are relevant to judicial handling of questions of shared responsibility; an identification of procedural rules that are specific to questions of shared responsibility, and of those procedural rules that are more generally typical for multilateral dispute settlement; and an identification of factors that account for differences between international courts in terms of their ability to handle questions of shared responsibility.

Procedural Aspects of Shared Responsibility in the International Court of Justice

Paparinskis, Martins
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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66.54%
In recent years, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) has been increasingly asked to adjudicate upon claims of state responsibility that raise or at least touch upon the possibility of international responsibility of multiple entities. In different substantive contexts, these cases raise similar conceptual questions that might be articulated by reference to the concept of ‘shared responsibility’. The focus of this article is on procedural matters, and in particular on how shared responsibility may be implemented in the ICJ. The argument will be made in three steps, dealing in turn with the manner in which cases concerning shared responsibility could be brought before the Court, the way how such cases could be handled and the challenges raised in such cases by absent parties. The article argues for a nuanced consideration of the rationale of the procedural challenges: some are unremarkable in conceptual terms and reflect the broader judicial architecture of the Court, while others are of particular importance for shared responsibility, even though the particular legal issue might be mutatis mutandis relevant to other multilateral disputes.

Procedural Issues Relating to Shared Responsibility in Arbitral Proceedings

Baetens, Freya
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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66.4%
International arbitration is a particularly suitable dispute resolution mechanism for addressing shared responsibility issues, due to its flexible procedural rules allowing for a multitude of parties, including states and non-state actors. This article analyses six procedural rule-sets (United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, Permanent Court of Arbitration, International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes, International Law Commission (ICC), International Bar Association (IBA) and the European Union special regime) from three angles: first, bringing the relevant (co-responsible) parties before the tribunal, including constitution of the tribunal, jurisdiction and determination of claimant and respondent status. Secondly, handling multi-party disputes in terms of evidence and fact-finding, joinder and consolidation of proceedings. Thirdly, regarding absent (co-responsible) parties, addressing intervention and the effect of provisional measures and final awards. Most rule-sets provide guidance for most of these issues, with particularly remarkable foresight in the IBA and ICC rules. These are primarily aimed at regulating international commercial arbitration, but can with some modification also be applied in international public arbitration. The key recommendation is for drafters to anticipate shared responsibility claims at the outset by including appropriate procedural rules when the agreement is being negotiated.

Procedural Aspects of Shared Responsibility in the WTO Dispute Settlement System

Bartels, Lorand
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
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56.22%
This article considers the treatment of WTO members that share aspects of responsibility within the WTO dispute settlement system. The WTO is unusual in that its members can include not only states but also supranational and subnational entities. This means that it is possible for the same act to be attributable to the state and these other entities. In addition, there are more conventional situations in which the act of one WTO member in part causes a breach of an obligation of another WTO member. The article discusses the way that parties in these situations can participate in dispute settlement proceedings. It also looks at their legal position when they do not participate in dispute settlement proceedings, including their possible protection under the indispensable third parties rule.

Procedural Aspects of Shared Responsibility in the European Court of Human Rights

Den Heijer, Maarten
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.27%
This article explores how the European Court of Human Rights handles human rights complaints that involve multiple responsible entities and how its procedural organization influences its capability to allocate responsibility among different entities. It identifies to what extent relevant procedural rules of the Court may facilitate or obstruct multilateral dispute settlement and to what extent they may contribute to the development of the substantive law on situations of ‘shared’ responsibility. Some key procedural aspects that are discussed are: jurisdiction, standing, joinder of cases, the ‘indispensable parties rule’, third-party intervention, fact finding, interim orders and issues of reparation.

Shared Responsibility Aspects of the Dispute Settlement Procedures in the Law of the Sea Convention

Plakokefalos, Ilias
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.56%
The concept of shared responsibility seeks to capture the situation where a multiplicity of actors contribute towards a single harmful outcome. This article examines the procedural aspects of shared responsibility as they appear in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. There are several instances where shared responsibility may arise in the law of the sea, the regulation of fisheries, the protection of the environment and the deep seabed regime (where special dispute settlement clauses apply) being the most obvious ones. The first part of the article (Section 2) discusses the general dispute settlement procedures of the Convention and raises the issues that are relevant to shared responsibility. Among others, the question of consent and the issue of joinder of cases are examined. The second part (Section 3) focuses on the more relevant in terms of shared responsibility deep seabed dispute settlement regime.

Processo de implantação dos sistemas de logística reversa de equipamentos eletroeletrônicos previstos na Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos: uma visão dos gestores; Reverse Logistics of Electrical and Electronic Equipment of the National Solid Waste Policy Deployment Process: perceptions of managers

Yura, Erika Tatiane Ferreira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/09/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
Introdução: A viabilização da coleta e destinação correta dos resíduos pós-consumo é prevista pela Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos (PNRS) - Lei n°12.305 de 2010-importante marco regulatório para a gestão ambiental no Brasil. Dentre diversos aspectos enunciados, destacam-se o princípio da responsabilidade compartilhada pelo ciclo de vida dos produtos e o instrumento logística reversa. O art. 33 desta lei considera prioritária a implantação de sistemas de logística reversa (SLR) para seis classes de resíduos, dentre eles os resíduos de equipamentos eletroeletrônicos (REEE). Objetivos: analisar e caracterizar o discurso de gestores do comércio, da indústria, do poder público e das cooperativas, relacionados com o setor de eletroeletrônicos sobre a implantação de SLR. Métodos: Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com nove gestores envolvidos no processo de implantação de SLR de eletroeletrônicos. Os dados foram transcritos, categorizados e posteriormente analisados pelo software Classification Hiérarchique Classificatoire et Cohésitive - CHIC®. O modelo dos múltiplos fluxos foi utilizado para auxiliar no entendimento do processo de formação da PNRS. Resultados: foram obtidas sete árvores hierárquicas de similaridade e quatro grupos com diferentes forças de implicação. Conclusão: Os pontos relevantes identificados mostram que: 1) o Acordo Setorial foi o instrumento escolhido para implantação de SLR de REEE...

Creating shared value – a nova abordagem estratégica de Rrsponsabilidade social empresarial

Sequeira, Teresa de Jesus
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Instituto Superior de Contabilidade e Administração do Porto Publicador: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Instituto Superior de Contabilidade e Administração do Porto
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao Instituto Supeior de Contabilidade e Administração do Porto para a obtenção do grau de Mestre em Marketing Digital, sob a orientação da Doutora Sandrina Francisca Teixeira; Face às alterações empresariais impostas pela globalização e a subsequente abertura das fronteiras económicas, num mundo inundado por marcas e produtos, a diferenciação faz cada vez mais sentido para gerar retorno às empresas. Este trabalho demonstra que estão a decorrer transformações empresariais importantes e que as políticas empresariais não podem ser tão centradas no capitalismo e criação de lucro máximo apenas para os acionistas. O mundo de hoje é muito complexo, não podem existir apenas estados com preocupações sociais as empresas também devem ter essa preocupação. Após apresentação de alguns conceitos de Responsabilidade Social Empresarial (RSE), são apresentadas algumas noções e movimentos recentes, os quais dão ênfase ao facto de que as empresas conseguirão melhores retornos se forem socialmente responsáveis e se tiverem posturas empresariais assentes em princípios éticos e sustentáveis. Fizemos também o levantamento dos procedimentos, guias e certificações...

Mutual obligation, shared responsibility agreements & indigenous health strategy

Anderson, Ian PS
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/09/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
Since 2004 the Howard Coalition government has implemented a new policy framework and administrative arrangements as part of its program of reform in Indigenous affairs. In this paper I will describe both the parameters of this reform program and review the processes established to support the implementation of national Indigenous health strategy. In particular, I will consider both the shift from a policy framework based on 'self-determination' to one based on 'mutual obligation', and the implementation of Shared Responsibility Agreements (SRAs) that are based on the latter principle. I will use the example of the Mulan SRA to illustrate the difficulties in articulating the 'new arrangements' with current approaches to Indigenous health planning and strategy implementation. I conclude that 'new arrangements' pose a number of problems for Indigenous health planning and strategy that need to be addressed.

Developing a Shared Environmental Responsibility Vision: Leveraging Organizational Culture and Internal Stakeholder Engagement

Healy, Martin
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 24/04/2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.27%
Environmentally responsible behavior by corporations has become more than just academic theory, altruistic practice or a public relations activity to protect brand image. It has become a critical consideration to maintain a company’s license to operate. External drivers, including regulatory, business, and societal expectations provide a strong business case for implementing environmental responsibility programs. Internal drivers, including an ethical concern for the environment, profit, organizational cultural expectations, and a desire to recruit and retain talented workers are also factors influencing companies today. The cultural aspects of implementing sustainability programs have increasingly become a focus area in academic studies. Numerous researchers, particularly in the business, business ethics and organizational dynamics fields, have examined how the cultural environment of an organization can either help or prevent the institutionalization of economic, social or environmentally beneficial practices. Understanding these implications and adapting strategies to incorporate or influence the cultural characteristics of an organization is critical to implementing sustainability programs and maintaining their effectiveness over time. This paper presents a strategy for developing a shared vision of environmental responsibility in a multinational organization with a non-hierarchical...

Responsibility and Democratic Rule

Hanagan, Nora
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.27%

This dissertation examines whether democratic citizens are responsible for the behavior of their governments. Through careful analysis of the political theory and practice of Henry David Thoreau and Jane Addams, I demonstrate that notions of democracy that are distinctly modern in their emphasis upon plurality and individuality can instill in citizens a sense of responsibility for public life. My analysis also calls attention to several challenges that make ethical democratic citizenship a demanding undertaking. In the final chapters, I construct an account of responsible democratic citizenship that addresses these challenges, drawing upon lessons learned from my discussion of Thoreau and Addams, as well as from more contemporary thinkers. Democratic citizens, I argue, do not fully control the circumstances in which they act, and thus they often become implicated in outcomes to which they have not explicitly consented. If they aspire to be self-ruling, however, they must accept some responsibility for political outcomes that affect their own wellbeing and are affected by their behavior. Furthermore, I argue that citizens are unlikely to recognize and discharge their shared responsibilities unless they cultivate particular attitudes...

Cautionary notes on the shared care of children in conflicted parental separation

McIntosh, Jennifer; Chisholm, Richard
Fonte: La Trobe University Publicador: La Trobe University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The Family Law Amendment (Shared Parental Responsibility) Act 2006 has brought into sharp focus the issue of shared physical care of children, post separation. In this paper, we explore new data suggesting accumulative risks for children whose care is divided between parents who lack the core relational infrastructure to support a healthy environment for shared care. Developmental background is provided, giving context to the complex dynamics at play, particularly for young children who experience divided care in a hostile climate. A discussion of the amendments shows that, rather than endorsing an assumption of shared care, the legislation supports and indeed requires professionals to engage in active consideration of the child's 'best interests' in each case. The paper outlines a tighter 'safety net' of considerations through which the 'best interests' question might be filtered. Implications for supporting separated parents to develop and maintain adequate foundations for shared care are discussed.

Responsabilidade compartilhada pelo ciclo de vida do produto na cadeia de resíduos eletroeletrônicos; Product lifecycle shared responsibility in the supply chain of waste electrical and electronic equipment

Mendes, João Múcio Amado
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/03/2015 PT
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66.44%
O objetivo do presente trabalho consistiu na análise jurídica da responsabilidade compartilhada pelo ciclo de vida do produto (RCCVP) e suas principais implicações na cadeia de resíduos eletroeletrônicos, no contexto brasileiro da Política Nacional de Resíduos Sólidos, instituída pela Lei Federal n. 12.305/2010 (PNRS). A análise desenvolvida compreendeu os principais deveres relacionados à prevenção de resíduos e à logística reversa, com um enfoque especial na gestão integrada de resíduos eletroeletrônicos. Baseada nos princípios do poluidor-pagador, da cooperação, da prevenção e da precaução, a RCCVP impõe à cadeia de suprimentos a priorização de medidas de prevenção e redução de resíduos por meio de uma concepção ecológica (ecodesign) para produtos e embalagens, bem como pelo reaproveitamento de materiais residuais como insumos, seja em seu próprio ciclo, seja em outros ciclos produtivos, inclusive mediante sistemas de logística reversa e coleta seletiva, estendendo a responsabilidade do berço ao berço e flertando com um modelo econômico circular. Com vistas a desestimular a estratégia da obsolescência planejada de qualidade, a relevante informação sobre o tempo de vida útil de cada produto durável...

Ebola respons-ibility: moving from shared to multiple responsibilities

Wenham, Clare
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
Combating threats of infectious diseases has been increasingly framed as a global shared responsibility for a multi-actor framework, of states, international organisations and non-governmental actors. However, the outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) has shown that this governance framework has not been able to limit the spread of this virus, despite the normative and legislative changes to global disease control. By unbundling the concept of responsibility, this article will assess how global shared responsibility may have failed due to the fact that accountability does not fall on any one state or stakeholder, highlighting an inherent weakness with the global disease governance regime. As such, this paper concludes that a move towards multiple responsibilities may prove a more effective mechanism for ensuring global health security.

Environmental responsibility and business regulation: the case of sustainable tourism

Forsyth, Tim
Fonte: Blackwell Publicador: Blackwell
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /11/1997 EN; EN
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This paper adds to the growing literature within geography on environmental regulation of business activities. The adoption of voluntary practices of environmental responsibility is discussed as a form of environmental regulation, and then applied to tourism using a survey of 69 companies and institutions in the UK outgoing tourism industry. Results indicate that business has adopted a wide range of practices, but considers them to be weak regulatory instruments because ultimate responsibility for change lies with host governments via legislation. However, environmental protection may enhance business performance if voluntary practices could differentiate mass-market holiday packages and allow companies to compete on more than price alone. This paper, therefore, supports research from other industries which states that environmental practices may lead to commercial advantage if adopted proactively rather than in response to market demand for ethical or 'green' products. However, change may be accelerated by labelling 'green' or 'sustainable' tourism as 'quality' tourism, and by acknowledging that populist market demand may lead to stereotypical approaches to minorities or ecotourism not helpful to equitable development. Future debate should focus on common ground between regulators and business...

Community engagement, personal responsibility and self help in cuba's health system reform

Luis,Isabel P.; Martínez,Silvia; Alvarez,Adolfo
Fonte: Medical Education Cooperation with Cuba Publicador: Medical Education Cooperation with Cuba
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2012 EN
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46.18%
In 2011 the Cuban health system began a process of sectoral reform to maintain and improve the health of Cuba's population, in response to new challenges and demands in the health sector and population health status. The main actions involved are reorganization, consolidation and regionalization of services and resources. Although community engagement and personal responsibility are not explicitly mentioned in the strategy document, it is advisable to use this opportunity to revitalize both topics and encourage appropriate and full incorporation into the Cuban health system. Both are consistent with the objectives and actions of system reforms proposed, in that they allow the various social actors to assume shared responsibility in working toward social goals-in this case, health gains. This approach also recognizes that reaching such goals is a collective endeavor, to be pursued according to ethical principles (beneficence as responsibility and justice as solidarity), with community involvement and personal responsibility emerging as two important factors subject to reorientation in the context of the health system reform under way.