Página 1 dos resultados de 348 itens digitais encontrados em 0.011 segundos

Non-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Glutamate Receptors in the Paraventricular Nucleus of Hypothalamus Mediate the Pressor Response Evoked by Noradrenaline Microinjected Into the Lateral Septal Area in Rats

SCOPINHO, America Augusto; TAVARES, Rodrigo Fiacadori; BUSNARDO, Cristiane; CORREA, Fernando Morgan Aguiar
Fonte: WILEY-LISS Publicador: WILEY-LISS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
The lateral septal area (LSA) is a part of the limbic system and is involved in cardiovascular modulation. We previously reported that microinjection of noradrenaline (NA) into the LSA of unanesthetized rats caused pressor responses that are mediated by acute vasopressin release. Magnocellular neurons of the paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic (SON) of the hypothalamus synthesize vasopressin. In the present work, we studied which of these nuclei is involved in the pressor pathway activated by unilateral NA injection into the LSA as well as the local neurotransmitter involved. Chemical ablation of the SON by unilateral injection of the nonspecific synapses blocker cobalt chloride (1 mM/100 nl) did not affect the pressor response evoked by NA (21 nmol/200 nl) microinjection into the LSA. However, the response to NA was blocked when cobalt chloride (1 mM/100 nl) was microinjected into the PVN, indicating that this hypothalamic nucleus is responsible for the mediation of the pressor response. There is evidence in the literature pointing to glutamate as a putative neurotransmitter activating magnocellular neurons. Pretreatment of the PVN with the selective non-N-methyl-D-asparate (NMDA) antagonist NBQX (2 nmol/100 nl) blocked the pressor response to NA microinjected into the LSA...

Vasopressin and angiotensin receptors of the medial septal area of the brain in the control of thirst and salt appetite induced by vasopressin in water-deprived and sodium-depleted rats

Pavan de Arruda Camargo, Gabriela Maria; de Arruda Camargo, Luiz Antonio; Saad, Wilson Abrao
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 393-399
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
In this study we investigated the influence of d(CH2)(5)-Tyr (Me)-AVP (A(1) AVP) and [Adamanteanacatyl(1),D-ET-D-Tyr(2), Va1(4), aminobutyril(6) ,As-8,As-9]-AVP 9 (A(2)AVP), antagonists of V-1 and V-2 arginine(8)-vasopressin (AVP) receptors, respectively, as well as the effects of losartan and CGP42112A, antagonists of angiotensin II (ANGII) AT(1) and AT(2), receptors, respectively, on water and 0.3 M sodium intake induced by water deprivation or sodium depletion (furosemide treatment) and enhanced by AVP injected into the medial septal area (N4SA). A stainless steel carmulawas implanted into the medial septal area (NISA) of male Holtzman rats AVP injection enhanced water and sodium intake in a dose-dependent manner. Pretreatment with V-1 antagonist injected into the MSA produced a dose-dependent reduction, whereas prior injection of V-2 antagonist increased, in a dose-dependent manner, the water and sodium responses elicited by the administration of AVP. Both AT(1) and AT(2) antagonists administered into the MSA elicited a concentration-dependent decrease in water and sodium intake induced by AVP, while simultaneous injection of the two antagonists was more effective in decreasing AVP responses. These results also indicate that the increase in water and sodium intake induced by AvT was mediated primarily by MSA AT(1) receptors. (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Effect of electrolytic and chemical lesion by ibotenic acid of the septal area on water and salt intake

Saad, W. A.; Camargo, LAD; Antunes-Rodrigues, J.; Simoes, S.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 163-169
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
Water and sodium chloride intake was studied in male Holtzman rats weighing 250-300 g that had been subjected to electrolytic and chemical lesions of the septal area (SA). Water intake increased in animals with electrolytic lesion of the SA bilaterally from 169.37 +/- 8.55 (sham) to 214.87 +/- 23.10 ml/5 days (lesioned). Water intake decreased after ibotenic acid lesion of the SA from 229.33 +/- 27.60 to 127.33 +/- 22.84 ml/5 days. Sodium chloride intake (1.5%) increased in animals with electrolytic lesion of the SA from 10.0 +/- 1.73 to 15.5 +/- 1.95 ml/5 days after lesion. Also sodium chloride (1.5%) intake increased after ibotenic acid injection into the SA to a greater extent (from 7.83 +/- 1.25 to 14.33 +/- 1.87 ml/5 days). The results indicate that the water intake response may be due to lesions that involve cell bodies and fibers of passage and that the sodium intake response can also be induced by lesions which involve only cell bodies. Finally, these results led us to conclude that the SA uses its cell bodies and afferent bodies and fibers for processing inputs mediating water intake and salt appetite and that the cells bodies of the SA are implicated in increased water intake. (C) 1998 Elsevier B.V.

Novel evidence that nitric oxide of the medial septal area influences the salivary secretion induced by pilocarpine

Saad, W. A.; Guarda, IFMS; Camargo, LAD; dos Santos, TAFB; Simoes, S.; Guarda, R. S.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2403-2412
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
Our studies have focused on the effect of injection of L-NAME and sodium nitroprussiate (SNP) on the salivary secretion, arterial blood pressure, sodium excretion and urinary volume induced by pilocarpine which was injected into the medial septal area (MSA). Rats were anesthetized with urethane (1.25 g/kg b. wt.) and a stainless steel cannula was implanted into their MSA. The amount of saliva secretion was studied over a five-minute period after injection of pilocarpine into MSA. Injection of pilocarpine (10, 20, 40, 80, 160 mug/mul) into MSA produced a dose-dependent increase in salivary secretion. L-NG-nitro arginine methyl-esther (L-NAME) (40 mug/mul), a nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, was injected into MSA prior to the injection of pilocarpine into MSA, producing an increase in salivary secretion due to the effect of pilocarpine. Sodium nitroprussiate (SNP) (30 mug/mul) was injected into MSA prior to the injection of pilocarpine into MSA attenuating the increase in salivary secretion induced by pilocarpine. Medial arterial pressure (MAP) increase after injections of pilocarpine into the MSA. L-NAME injected into the MSA prior to injection of pilocarpine into MSA increased the MAP. SNP injected into the MSA prior to pilocarpine attenuated the effect of pilocarpine on MAP. Pilocarpine (40 mug/mul) injected into the MAS induced an increase in sodium and urinary excretion. L-NAME injected prior to pilocarpine into the MSA increased the urinary sodium excretion and urinary volume induced by pilocarpine. SNP injected prior to pilocarpine into the MSA decreased the sodium excretion and urinary volume induced by pilocarpine. All these roles of pilocarpine depend on the release of nitric oxide into the MSA. We may also conclude that the MSA is involved with the cholinergic excitatory mechanism that induce salivary secretion...

Role of the alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-adrenoceptors of the paraventricular nucleus on the water and salt intake, renal excretion, and arterial pressure induced by angiotensin II injection into the medial septal area

Camargo, LAD; Saad, W. A.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 595-602
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
In this study we investigated the influence of cu-adrenergic antagonists injections into the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus on the thirst and salt appetite, diuresis, natriuresis, and presser effects of angiotensin II (ANG II) stimulation of medial septal area (MSA). ANG II injection into the MSA induced water and sodium intake, diuresis, natriuresis, and presser responses. The previous injection of prazosin (an alpha (1)-adrenergic antagonist) into the PVN abolished, whereas previous administration of yohimbine (an alpha (2)-adrenergic antagonist) into the PVN increased the water and sodium intake, urinary, natriuretic, and presser responses induced by ANG ii injected into the MSA. Previous injection of a nonselective alpha -adrenergic antagonist, regitin, into the PVN blocked the urinary excretion, and reduced the water and sodium intake, sodium intake, and presser responses induced by ANG II injected into the MSA. The present results suggest that alpha -adrenergic pathways involving the PVN are important for the water and sodium excretion, urine and sodium excretion, and presser responses, induced by angiotensinergic activation of the MSA. (C) 2001 Elsevier B.V.

Role of angiotensin II and vasopressin receptors within the supraoptic nucleus in water and sodium intake induced by the injection of angiotensin II into the medial septal area

Antunes, V.R.; Camargo, G.M.P.A.; Saad, R.; Saad, W.A.; Luiz, A.C.; Camargo, L.A.A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1597-1600
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
In this study we investigated the effects of the injection into the supraoptic nucleus (SON) of non-peptide AT1- and AT2-angiotensin II (ANG II) receptor antagonists, DuP753 and PD123319, as well as of the arginine-vasopressin (AVP) receptor antagonist d(CH2)5-Tyr(Me)-AVP, on water and 3% NaCl intake induced by the injection of ANG II into the medial septal area (MSA). The effects on water or 3% NaCl intake were assessed in 30-h water-deprived or in 20-h water-deprived furosemide-treated adult male rats, respectively. The drugs were injected in 0.5 µl over 30-60 s. Controls were injected with a similar volume of 0.15 M NaCl. Antagonists were injected at doses of 20, 80 and 180 nmol. Water and sodium intake was measured over a 2-h period. Previous administration of the AT1 receptor antagonist DuP753 into the SON decreased water (65%, N = 10, P<0.01) and sodium intake (81%, N = 8, P<0.01) induced by the injection of ANG II (10 nmol) into the MSA. Neither of these responses was significantly changed by injection of the AT2-receptor antagonist PD123319 into the SON. on the other hand, while there was a decrease in water intake (45%, N = 9, P<0.01), ANG II-induced sodium intake was significantly increased (70%, N = 8, P<0.01) following injection of the V1-type vasopressin antagonist d(CH2)5-Tyr(Me)-AVP into the SON. These results suggest that both AT1 and V1 receptors within the SON may be involved in water and sodium intake induced by the activation of ANG II receptors within the MSA. Furthermore...

Medial septal area ANG II receptor subtypes in the regulation of urine and sodium excretion induced by vasopressin

Pavan de Arruda Camargo, Gabriela Maria; de Arruda Camargo, Luiz Antonio; Saad, Wilson Abrao
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 23-28
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Introduction. The present study was designed to determine the effects of selective antagonists of angiotensin II receptor types AT(1) and AT(2) on the flow of urine and sodium excretion induced by arginine vasopressin (AVP).Materials and methods. To this end, the drugs were microinjected into the medial septal area (MSA) of the brains of male Holtzman rats. Intravenous infusion of hypotonic saline was used to promote urinary flow, which was collected for one hour.Results. MSA microinjections of AVP decreased the urinary flow and increased sodium excretion in a dose-dependent manner. Microinjection into MSA of an AT(2) antagonist (PD-123319) had a significantly greater effect than with an AT(1) antagonist (losartan) in increasing urinary flow and decreasing sodium excretion. These effects were more pronounced when both antagonists were injected together, before the AVP.Conclusions. These results indicate that MSA AT(1) and AT(2) receptors act synergistically in the regulation of urine and sodium excretion induced by AVP.

Vasopressin and angiotensin receptors of the medial septal area in the control of mean arterial pressure induced by vasopressin

Pavan de Arruda Camargo, Gabriela Maria; Saad, Wilson Abrao; de Arruda Camargo, Luiz Antonio
Fonte: Sage Publications Ltd Publicador: Sage Publications Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 133-138
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
Introduction. Brain arginine(8)-vasopressin (AVP), through the V-1a- and V-2-receptors, is essential for the maintenance of mean arterial pressure (MAP). Central AVP interacts with the components of the renin-angiotensin system, which participate in MAP regulation. This study all to determine the effects of V-1a-, V-2- and V-1a/V-2-AVP selective antagonists and AT(1)- and AT(2)-angiotensin II (Ang II) selective antagonists on the MAP induced by AVP injected into the medial septal area (MSA) of the brain.Materials and methods. Male Holtzman rats with stainless steel cannulae implanted into the MSA were used in experiments. Direct MAP was recorded in Conscious rats.Results. AVP administration into the MSA caused a prompt and potent pressor response in a dose-dependent fashion. Pretreatment with the V-1a- and V-2-antagonists reduced, whereas prior injection of the V-1a/V-2-antagonist induced a decrease in the MAP that remained below the baseline. Both AT(1)- and AT(2)-antagonists elicited a decrease, While simultaneous injections of two antagonists were more effective in decreasing the MAP induced AVP.Conclusion. These results indicate there is a synergism bell the V-1a- and V-2-AVP, and AT(1)- AT, and AT(2)-Ang II receptors in the MSA in the regulation of MAP.

Influence of arginine vasopressin receptors and angiotensin receptor subtypes on the water intake and arterial blood pressure induced by vasopressin injected into the lateral septal area of the rat

Saad, W. A.; Camargo, LAD; Cerri, P. S.; Simoes, S.; Garcia, G.; Gutierrez, L. I.; Guarda, I; Guarda, R. S.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 66-70
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
In this study we investigated the influence of d(CH2)(5)-Tyr(Me)-[Arg(8)]vasopressin (AAVP) and [adamanteanacetyl(1),0-ET-DTyr(2), Val(4), aminobutyryl(6), Arg(8,9)]-[Arg(8)]vasopressin (ATAVP), which are antagonists of vasopressin V-1 and V-2 receptors, and the effects of losartan, a selective angiotensin AT(1) receptor antagonist, and CGP42112A, a selective AT(2) receptor antagonist, injected into the lateral septal area (LSA) on thirst and hypertension induced by [Arg(8)]vasopressin (AVP). AAVP and ATAVP injected into the LSA reduced the drinking responses elicited by injecting AVP into the LSA. Both the AT(1) and AT(2) ligands administered into the LSA elicited a concentration-dependent decrease in the water intake induced by AVP injected into the LSA, but losartan was more effective than CGP42112A. The increase in MAP, due to injection of AVP into the LSA, was reduced by prior injection of AAVP from 18 +/- 1 to 6 +/- 1 mm Hg. Losartan injected into the LSA prior to AVP reduced the increase in MAP to 7 +/- 0.8 mm Hg. ATAVP and CGP42112A produced no changes in the pressor effect of AVP. These results suggest that the dipsogenic effects induced by injecting AVP into the LSA were mediated primarily by AT(1) receptors. However, doses of losartan were more effective when combined with CGP42112A than when given alone...

Adrenoceptors of the medial septal area modulate water intake and renal excretory function induced by central administration of angiotensin II

Saad, W.A.; Guarda, I.F.M.S.; Camargo, L.A.A.; Santos, T.A.F.B.; Simões, S.; Saad, Willian A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 951-959
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
We investigated the role of alpha-adrenergic antagonists and clonidine injected into the medial septal area (MSA) on water intake and the decrease in Na+, K+ and urine elicited by ANGII injection into the third ventricle (3rdV). Male Holtzman rats with stainless steel cannulas implanted into the 3rdV and MSA were used. ANGII (12 nmol/µl) increased water intake (12.5 ± 1.7 ml/120 min). Clonidine (20 nmol/µl) injected into the MSA reduced the ANGII-induced water intake (2.9 ± 0.5 ml/120 min). Pretreatment with 80 nmol/µl yohimbine or prazosin into the MSA also reduced the ANGII-induced water intake (3.0 ± 0.4 and 3.1 ± 0.2 ml/120 min, respectively). Yohimbine + prazosin + clonidine injected into the MSA abolished the ANGII-induced water intake (0.2 ± 0.1 and 0.2 ± 0.1 ml/120 min, respectively). ANGII reduced Na+ (23 ± 7 µEq/120 min), K+ (27 ± 3 µEq/120 min) and urine volume (4.3 ± 0.9 ml/120 min). Clonidine increased the parameters above. Clonidine injected into the MSA abolished the inhibitory effect of ANGII on urinary sodium. Yohimbine injected into the MSA also abolished the inhibitory effects of ANGII. Yohimbine + clonidine attenuated the inhibitory effects of ANGII. Prazosin injected into the MSA did not cause changes in ANGII responses. Prazosin + clonidine attenuated the inhibitory effects of ANGII. The results showed that MSA injections of alpha1- and alpha2-antagonists decreased ANGII-induced water intake...

Interaction between paraventricular nucleus and septal area in the control of physiological responses induced by angiotensin II

Camargo, L.A.A.; Saad, W.A.; Simões, S.; Santos, T.A.B.; Saad, W. Abrão
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1017-1023
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
We determined the effects of losartan (40 nmol) and PD 123319 (40 nmol) (both non-peptides and selective antagonists of the AT1 and AT2 angiotensin receptors, respectively), and [Sar¹, Ala8] angiotensin II (ANG II) (40 nmol) (a non-selective peptide antagonist of angiotensin receptors) injected into the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) on the water and salt appetite, diuresis and natriuresis and mean arterial pressure (MAP) induced by administration of 10 nmol of ANG II into the medial septal area (MSA) of male Holtzman rats weighing 250-300 g. The volume of drug solution injected was 0.5 µl over a period of 10-15 s. The responses were measured over a period of 120 min. ANG II alone injected into the MSA induced an increase in all the above parameters (8.1 ± 1.2, 1.8 ± 0.3, and 17.1 ± 1.0 ml, 217 ± 25 µEq/120 min, and 24 ± 4 mmHg, respectively, N = 10-12) compared with vehicle-treated rats (1.4 ± 0.2, 0.6 ± 0.1, and 9.3 ± 0.5 ml, 47 ± 5 µEq/120 min, and 4.1 ± 0.8 mmHg, respectively, N = 10-14). Pretreatment with losartan and [Sar¹, Ala8] ANG II completely abolished the water and sodium intake, and the pressor increase (0.5 ± 0.2, 1.1 ± 0.2, 0.5 ± 0.2, and 0.8 ± 0.2 ml, and 1.2 ± 3.9, 31 ± 4.6 mmHg, respectively, N = 9-12)...

LESIONS OF THE LATERAL HYPOTHALAMUS IMPAIR THE PRESSOR-RESPONSE TO CLONIDINE INJECTED INTO THE MEDIAL SEPTAL AREA OF CONSCIOUS RATS

Haibara, A. S.; Camargo, LAA; Saad, W. A.; Renzi, A.; Deluca, L. A.; Menani, Jose Vanderlei
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 857-860
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
The central injection of clonidine (an alpha-2-adrenoceptor agonist) in conscious normotensive rats produces hypertensive responses and bradycardia. The present study was performed to investigate the effect of electrolytic lesions of the lateral hypothalamus (LH) on the pressor and bradycardic responses induced by clonidine injected into the medial septal area (MSA) in conscious and unrestrained rats. Male Holtzman rats weighing 250-300 g were used. Mean arterial pressure and heart rate were recorded in sham- or bilateral LH-lesioned rats with a cerebral stainless steel cannula implanted into the MSA. The injection of clonidine (40 nmol/mu-l) into the MSA of sham rats (N = 8) produced a pressor response (36 +/- 7 mmHg, P<0.05) and bradycardia (-70 +/- 13 bpm, P<0.05) compared to saline. Fourteen days after LH-lesion (N = 9) the pressor response was reduced (9 +/- 10 mmHg, P<0.05) but no change was observed in the bradycardia (-107 +/- 24 bpm). These results show that LH is an important area involved in the pressor response to clonidine injected into the MSA of rats.

AV3V LESION SUPPRESSES THE PRESSOR, DIPSOGENIC AND NATRIURETIC RESPONSES TO CHOLINERGIC ACTIVATION OF THE SEPTAL AREA IN RATS

Colombari, E.; Saad, W. A.; Camargo, LAD; Renzi, A.; Deluca, L. A.; Menani, Jose Vanderlei
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 172-175
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
In the present study we investigated the effect of anteroventral third ventricle (AV3V) lesion on pressor, dipsogenic, natriuretic and kaliuretic responses induced by the injection of carbachol (a cholinergic agonist) into the medial septal area (MSA) of rats. Male rats with sham or AV3V lesion and a stainless-steel cannula implanted into the MSA were used. Carbachol (2 nmol) injected into the MSA in sham lesion rats produced pressor (43 +/- 2 mmHg), dipsogenic (9.6 +/- 1.2 ml/h), natriuretic (531 +/- 82-mu-Eq/120 min) and kaliuretic (164 +/- 14-mu-Eq/120 min) responses. In AV3V-lesioned rats (1-5 days and 14-18 days), the pressor (11 +/- 2 mmHg, respectively), dipsogenic (1.9 +/- 0.7 and 1.4 +/- 0.6 ml/h), natriuretic (21 +/- 5 and 159 +/- 44-mu-Eq/120 min) and kaliuretic (124 +/- 14 and 86 +/- 13-mu-Eq/120 min) responses induced by carbachol injection into the MSA were reduced. These results show that the AV3V region is essential for the pressor, dipsogenic, natriuretic and kaliuretic responses induced by cholinergic activation of the MSA in rats.

ROLE OF THE MEDIAL SEPTAL AREA ON THE CARDIOVASCULAR, FLUID AND ELECTROLYTIC RESPONSES TO ANGIOTENSIN-II AND CHOLINERGIC ACTIVATION INTO THE SUBFORNICAL ORGAN IN RATS

Colombari, DSD; Haibara, A. S.; Camargo, LAD; Saad, W. A.; Renzi, A.; Deluca, L. A.; Menani, Jose Vanderlei
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 249-254
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
In the present study we investigate the effect of electrolytic lesion of the medial septal area (MSA) on the pressor and dipsogenic response to cholinergic activation and angiotensin II (ANGII) injection into the subfornical organ (SFO) in rats. In addition the effect of MSA lesion on the natriuresis, kaliuresis and diuresis after cholinergic activation of the SFO was also investigated. Sham- and MSA-lesioned rats with a stainless steel cannula implanted into the SFO was used. The injection of ANGII (12 ng) into the SFO in sham rats produced pressor (24 +/- 2 mmHg) and dipsogenic (9.6 +/- 1.1 ml/h) responses. MSA lesion, both acute (2-6 days) and chronic (15-19 days), reduced the pressor (14 +/- 2 mmHg) and dipsogenic (2.7 +/- 1 ml/h) responses to ANGII into SFO. The injection of the cholinergic agonist carbachol (2 nmol) into the SFO in sham rats produced pressor (48 +/- 4 mmHg), dipsogenic (10 +/- 1.2 ml/h), natriuretic (457 +/- 58 muEq/2 h) and kaliuretic (249 +/- 16 muEq/2 h) responses. Acute, but not chronic MSA lesion reduced the pressor (27 +/- 3 mmHg), natriuretic (198 +/- 55 muEq/2 h) and kaliuretic (128 +/- 16 muEq/2 h) responses to carbachol into SFO. No change in the dipsogenic response to carbachol into the SFO was observed in MSA-lesioned rats. Antidiuresis after carbachol was observed only in MSA-lesioned rats. The present results show that the MSA plays a role on the pressor...

NOVEL EVIDENCE THAT BETA-ADRENOCEPTORS OF THE MEDIAL SEPTAL AREA REGULATE BLOOD-PRESSURE AND ELECTROLYTE BALANCE

Saad, W. A.; Menani, Jose Vanderlei; Camargo, LAA; Antunesrodrigues, J.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1605-1611
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
We investigated the participation of the beta-adrenoceptors of the septal area (SA) in sodium and potassium excretion and urine flow. The alterations in arterial pressure and some renal functions were also investigated. The injection of 2.10(-9) to 16.10(-9)M of isoproterenol, through a cannula permanently implanted into the SA produced a significant dose-dependent decrease in urinary Na+ and K+ excretion and urinary flow. Pretreatment with 16.10(-9) M butoxamine antagonized the effect of 4.10(-9) M isoproterenol but pretreatment with 16.10(-9) M practolol did not abolish the effect of isoproterenol. The beta 2-agonist terbutaline and salbutamol (4.10(-9) M when injected intraseptally also caused a decrease in urine flow and in renal Na+ and K+ excretion. After injection of isoproterenol or salbutamol (4.10(-9) M) into the SA, the arterial pressure, glomerular, filtration rate (GFR) and filtered Nd were reduced while Na+ fractional reabsorption was increased. The results indicate that the beta 2-adrenoceptors of the SA play a role in the decrease of Na+, K+ and urine flow and this effect may be due to a drop in GFR and filtered Na+ and to the rise in tubular Na+ reabsorption.

ALPHA-ADRENERGIC PATHWAYS IN THE LATERAL HYPOTHALAMUS ARE IMPORTANT FOR THE DIPSOGENIC EFFECT OF CARBACHOL INJECTED INTO THE MEDIAL SEPTAL AREA

Callera, J. C.; Saad, W. A.; Camargo, LAA; Menani, Jose Vanderlei; Renzi, A.; Abraosaad, W.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica (ABRADIC)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 240-245
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.33%
We studied the effect of the alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors of the lateral hypothalamus (LH) on the control of water intake induced by injection of carbachol into the medial septal area (MSA) of adult male Holtzman rats (250-300 g) implanted with chronic stainless steel cannulae into the LH and MSA. The volume of injection was always 1 mu l and was injected over a period of 30-60 s. For control, 0.15 M NaCl was used. Clonidine (20 nmol) but not phenylephrine (160 nmol) injected into the LH inhibited water intake induced by injection of carbachol (2 nmol) into the MSA, from 5.4 +/- 1.2 ml/h to 0.3 +/- 0.1 and 3.0 +/- 0.9 ml/h, respectively (N = 26). When we injected yohimbine (80 nmol) + clonidine (20 nmol) and prazosin (40 nmol) + clonidine (20 nmol) into theLH, water intake induced by injection of carbachol into the MSA was inhibited from 5.4 +/- 1.2 ml/h to 0.8 +/- 0.5 and 0.3 +/- 0.2 ml/h, respectively (N = 19). Water intake induced by carbachol (2 nmol) injected into the MSA was decreased by previous injection of yohimbine (80 nmol) + phenylephrine (160 nmol) and prazosin (40 nmol) + phenylephrine (l60 nmol) from 5.4 +/- 1.2 ml/h to 1.0 +/- 0.7 and 1.8 +/- 0.8 ml/h, respectively (N = 16). The cannula reached both the medial septal area in its medial portion and the lateral hypothalamus. It has been suggested that the different pathways for induction of drinking converge on a final common pathway. Thus...

Interaction between the septal area and the subfornical organ in the control of water intake induced by thirst-eliciting procedures

Morita, Norihiro; Saad, W. A.; Camargo, L. A A; Silva Neto, C. R.; Antunes-Rodrigues, J.; Covian, M. R.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 243-249
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
Rats bearing lesions in the septal area followed by lesions in the subfornical organ were submitted to various thirst-eliciting procedures. The rats with hyperdipsia induced by lesions of the septal area drank more water than either during the control period or after lesion of the subfornical organ under the same thirst-eliciting or angiotensin-liberating stimuli (polyethyleneglycol, isoproterenol, water deprivation and ligation of the inferior vena cava). The overdrinking elicited by lesions in the septal area was blocked after lesion of the subfornical organ. Neither hypovolemia, nor hypotension or water deprivation could elicit increased water intake in animals whose subfornical organ had been destroyed. Animals with lesions in the subfornical organ showed decreased water intake after cellular dehydration. The results obtained suggest that the subfornical organ acts as a more important structure than the septal area in the regulation of water intake elicited by angiotensin, with two opposite effects: a direct one facilitating water intake, and an indirect one inhibiting the septal area. The septal area has an inhibitory effect on the subfornical organ and on water intake. © 1980.

Adrenoceptors of the medial septal area modulate water intake and renal excretory function induced by central administration of angiotensin II

Saad,W.A.; Guarda,I.F.M.S.; Camargo,L.A.A.; Santos,T.A.F.B.; Simões,S.; Saad,Willian A.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2002 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
We investigated the role of alpha-adrenergic antagonists and clonidine injected into the medial septal area (MSA) on water intake and the decrease in Na+, K+ and urine elicited by ANGII injection into the third ventricle (3rdV). Male Holtzman rats with stainless steel cannulas implanted into the 3rdV and MSA were used. ANGII (12 nmol/µl) increased water intake (12.5 ± 1.7 ml/120 min). Clonidine (20 nmol/µl) injected into the MSA reduced the ANGII-induced water intake (2.9 ± 0.5 ml/120 min). Pretreatment with 80 nmol/µl yohimbine or prazosin into the MSA also reduced the ANGII-induced water intake (3.0 ± 0.4 and 3.1 ± 0.2 ml/120 min, respectively). Yohimbine + prazosin + clonidine injected into the MSA abolished the ANGII-induced water intake (0.2 ± 0.1 and 0.2 ± 0.1 ml/120 min, respectively). ANGII reduced Na+ (23 ± 7 µEq/120 min), K+ (27 ± 3 µEq/120 min) and urine volume (4.3 ± 0.9 ml/120 min). Clonidine increased the parameters above. Clonidine injected into the MSA abolished the inhibitory effect of ANGII on urinary sodium. Yohimbine injected into the MSA also abolished the inhibitory effects of ANGII. Yohimbine + clonidine attenuated the inhibitory effects of ANGII. Prazosin injected into the MSA did not cause changes in ANGII responses. Prazosin + clonidine attenuated the inhibitory effects of ANGII. The results showed that MSA injections of alpha1- and alpha2-antagonists decreased ANGII-induced water intake...

Interaction between the septal area and the subfornical organ in the control of water intake induced by thirst-eliciting procedures

Morita, Norihiro; Saad, W. A.; Camargo, L. A A; Silva Neto, C. R.; Antunes-Rodrigues, J.; Covian, M. R.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 243-249
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
Rats bearing lesions in the septal area followed by lesions in the subfornical organ were submitted to various thirst-eliciting procedures. The rats with hyperdipsia induced by lesions of the septal area drank more water than either during the control period or after lesion of the subfornical organ under the same thirst-eliciting or angiotensin-liberating stimuli (polyethyleneglycol, isoproterenol, water deprivation and ligation of the inferior vena cava). The overdrinking elicited by lesions in the septal area was blocked after lesion of the subfornical organ. Neither hypovolemia, nor hypotension or water deprivation could elicit increased water intake in animals whose subfornical organ had been destroyed. Animals with lesions in the subfornical organ showed decreased water intake after cellular dehydration. The results obtained suggest that the subfornical organ acts as a more important structure than the septal area in the regulation of water intake elicited by angiotensin, with two opposite effects: a direct one facilitating water intake, and an indirect one inhibiting the septal area. The septal area has an inhibitory effect on the subfornical organ and on water intake. © 1980.

Role of the medial septal area on the cardiovascular, fluid and electrolytic responses to angiotensin II and cholinergic activation into the subfornical organ in rats

Colombari, D. S. de Almeida; Haibara, A. S.; Camargo, L. A. de Arruda; Saad, W. A.; Renzi, Antonio; Deluca, L. A.; Menani, José Vanderlei
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 249-254
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
In the present study we investigated the effect of electrolytic lesion of the medial septal area (MSA) on the pressor and dipsogenic response to cholinergic activation and angiotensin II (ANGII) injection into the subfornical organ (SFO) in rats. In addition the effect of MSA lesion on the natriuresis, kaliuresis and diuresis after cholinergic activation of the SFO was also investigated. Sham- and MSA-lesioned rats with a stainless steel cannula implanted into the SFO was used. The injection of ANGII (12 ng) into the SFO in sham rats produced pressor (24 ± 2 mmHg) and dipsogenic (9.6 ± 1.1 ml/h) responses. MSA lesion, both acute (2-6 days) and chronic (15-19 days), reduced the pressor (14 ± 2 mmHg) and dipsogenic (2.7 ± 1 ml/h) responses to ANGII into SFO. The injection of the cholinergic agonist carbachol (2 nmol) into the SFO in sham rats produced pressor (48 ± 4 mmHg), dipsogenic (10 ± 1.2 ml/h), natriuretic (457 ± 58 μEq/2 h) and kaliuretic (249 ± 16 μEq/2 h) responses. Acute, but not chronic MSA lesion reduced the pressor (27 ± 3 mmHg), natriuretic (198 ± 55 μEq/2 h) and kaliuretic (128 ± 16 μEq/2 h) responses to carbachol into SFO. No change in the dipsogenic response to carbachol into the SFO was observed in MSA-lesioned rats. Antidiuresis after carbachol was observed only in MSA-lesioned rats. The present results show that the MSA plays a role on the pressor...