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Use of chlrophyll fluorescence sorting to improve soybean seed quality; Utilização de fluorescência de clorofila na separação de sementes esverdeadas de soja

CICERO, Silvio Moure; SCHOOR, Rob Van Der; JALINK, Henk
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
The occurrence of green seeded soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] is a problem closely related to unfavorable climatic conditions, mainly drought, that occurs during the final stages of seed maturation. This problem causes serious losses to soybean seed quality in Brazil. In these seeds, chlorophyll is not properly degraded during maturation, drastically reducing seed quality. Using the chlorophyll fluorescence technique, it is possible to remove green seeds from the seed lot, improving seed quality in several species in which the occurrence of green seeds is also a problem. The objective of this research was to study the use of the chlorophyll fluorescence technique in sorting green seeds from soybean seed samples and its effects on quality. Five seed samples of soybean, cultivar TMG 113 RR, with 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% of green seeds were used in this study. Seeds from each sample were sorted into two fractions based on the chlorophyll fluorescence signals and then compared to the control (non-sorted seeds). The sorting process showed great differences between the low and high chlorophyll fluorescence fractions. It was concluded that: green seeds of soybeans present high chlorophyll fluorescence and that this characteristic affects the quality of the seeds; it is possible to improve the quality of soybean seed by removing green seeds using the chlorophyll fluorescence sorting technique.; A ocorrência de sementes esverdeadas de soja [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] é um problema estreitamente relacionado a condições climáticas desfavoráveis...

Qualidade de sementes de limão-cravo (Citrus limonia Osbeck) durante o armazenamento

Carvalho,Jairo Ademir; Von Pinho,Édila Vilela Resende; Oliveira,João Almir; Guimarães,Renato Mendes; Bonome,Lisandro Tomas
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2002 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
Um dos maiores problemas enfrentados na citricultura durante o processo de formação de mudas é a germinação lenta e a baixa longevidade das sementes. Fatores como o teor de água das sementes, temperatura do ambiente e tipo de embalagem podem influenciar na viabilidade das sementes, durante o armazenamento. Assim, objetivou-se avaliar o comportamento das sementes de limão-cravo tratadas ou não com fungicidas, acondicionadas com quatro teores de água e em três tipos de embalagens durante o armazenamento. Após colhidos, os frutos foram despolpados mecanicamente e as sementes degomadas. Para atingir os teores de água desejados de 44, 27, 13 e 9%, as sementes foram submetidas à secagem na sombra. Parte das amostras das sementes foi tratada com a mistura dos fungicidas Tecto 100 (200g/100kg de sementes) e Captan 75 (300g/100kg de sementes) e a outra parte não recebeu tratamento. Em seguida, as sementes foram acondicionadas em embalagem impermeável, semipermeável e permeável e armazenadas em condições ambiente e de câmara fria por um período de nove meses. Em intervalos trimestrais foram realizados os testes de germinação, envelhecimento acelerado, teor de água e sanidade. As sementes de limão-cravo comportaram-se como recalcitrantes a partir de sexto mês de armazenamento...

Desempenho de sementes de pimentão revestidas com diferentes materiais

Oliveira,João Almir; Pereira,Carlos Eduardo; Guimarães,Renato Mendes; Vieira,Antonio Rodrigues; Silva,João Bosco Carvalho da
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
A técnica de revestimento de sementes tem sido bastante utilizada, principalmente para as espécies que possuem sementes pequenas, como as olerícolas, forrageiras, florestais e ornamentais, pois além de aumentar o tamanho das mesmas para fins de semeadura direta, possibilita a aplicação de outros elementos essenciais ao bom desempenho da cultura em sua fase inicial. Neste contexto, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo revestir sementes de pimentão com diferentes tipos de materiais e avaliar seu comportamento durante o armazenamento. Sementes tratadas ou não com Rovrin, na dosagem de 200g/100kg, foram submetidas ao pré-condicionamento, pela embebição das sementes em solução de KNO3 a -1,1MPa, em sistema aerado por cinco dias. Após secas, as sementes foram revestidas com uma mistura de areia + microcelulose e outra de calcário + microcelulose. As sementes revestidas, juntamente com as não revestidas, foram secadas e embaladas em envelopes de papel comum (embalagem permeável) e em papel laminado (embalagem impermeável) e armazenadas em condições de ambiente no Laboratório de Análise de Sementes da UFLA. A avaliação da qualidade das sementes foi realizada a cada quatro meses, por um período de 20 meses, utilizando as seguintes determinações: teor de água...

Qualidade física e fisiológica de sementes de Eremanthus erythropappus (DC.) Mac. Leish

Tonetti,Olivia Alvina Oliveira; Davide,Antonio Claudio; Silva,Edvaldo Aparecido Amaral da
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
Este trabalho teve como objetivo identificar e sugerir métodos para avaliação da qualidade física e fisiológica de sementes de candeia (Eremanthus erythropappus). As sementes utilizadas foram colhidas nos anos de 2001 e 2002, respectivamente nos municípios de Carrancas e Lavras, no estado de Minas Gerais. As sementes foram secas, limpas e guardadas em sacos semipermeáveis, em câmara fria a 5ºC e 60% de umidade relativa até o início dos experimentos. Para facilitar a identificação de sementes vazias foi desenvolvido protocolo com a utilização de raios-x, combinando potência de radiação (Kv) e tempo de exposição das sementes à radiação (segundos). Para a eliminação das sementes vazias foi realizado experimento utilizando soprador de sementes, tipo South Dakota, combinando as aberturas do aparelho e tempo. Para os testes de germinação, as sementes foram passadas pelo soprador, lavadas em hipoclorito de sódio e colocadas para germinar sobre papel, em gerbox. O primeiro experimento avaliou temperaturas de germinação e foi realizado em mesa termogradiente, o segundo experimento testou sensibilidade à luz e alternância de temperatura e foi conduzida em germinadores tipo Mangelsdorfii. Foram determinadas curvas de embebição...

Qualidade fisiológica de sementes de soja tratadas com inseticidas sob efeito do armazenamento

Dan,Lilian Gomes de Moraes; Dan,Hugo de Almeida; Barroso,Alberto Leão de Lemos; Braccini,Alessandro de Lucca e
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
Dentre os conceitos modernos de controle de pragas, o uso de inseticidas no tratamento de sementes constitui-se num dos métodos mais eficientes. Deve-se, entretanto, conhecer a influência desses produtos com relação à qualidade fisiológica das sementes tratadas. Objetivou-se através desta pesquisa avaliar a qualidade fisiológica de sementes de soja tratadas com inseticidas, sob quatro períodos de armazenamento (0, 15, 30 e 45 dias após o tratamento). O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 4 x 7, com quatro repetições, onde as sementes do cultivar M-SOY 6101 foram tratadas com os inseticidas thiamethoxam (Cruiser 700 WS), na dose de 250 mL de produto comercial (p.c.)/100 kg de sementes; fipronil (Standak), na dose de 150 mL de p.c./100 kg de sementes; imidacloprid (Gaucho FS), na dose de 150 ml de p.c./100 kg de sementes; [imidacloprid + thiodicarb] (CropStar FS), na dose de 0,3 L. ha-1; carbofuran (Furadan 350 TS), na dose de 1,5 L/100 kg de sementes; acefato (Orthene 750 BR), na dose de 1 kg/ 100 kg de sementes e uma testemunha, sem tratamento. As variáveis analisadas foram: germinação, velocidade de emergência, comprimento de raiz e de plântula e porcentagem de plântulas normais no teste de envelhecimento acelerado. A aplicação dos inseticidas carbofuran e acefato é prejudicial à qualidade fisiológica das sementes de soja cultivar M-SOY 6101...

Tratamento químico, revestimento e armazenamento de sementes de Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu

Santos,Flávia Carvalho; Oliveira,João Almir; Pinho,Édila Vilela de Resende Von; Guimarães,Renato Mendes; Vieira,Antônio Rodrigues
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
A agregação de valor às sementes de Brachiaria spp., utilizando métodos e tecnologias de beneficiamento de sementes como o recobrimento das sementes é uma exigência do mercado consumidor, cada vez mais competitivo. Apesar do incremento no uso de sementes recobertas verificado no mercado nos últimos anos, são poucas as informações disponíveis na literatura sobre o comportamento destas sementes durante o período de armazenamento. Neste contexto, objetivou-se, neste trabalho, avaliar o efeito de diferentes materiais de revestimento em associação com tratamento químico sobre desempenho das sementes durante o armazenamento. Foram utilizadas sementes de Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu, e estas foram revestidas em uma betoneira adaptada, utilizando quatorze tipos de revestimento e como testemunha foram utilizadas sementes sem revestimento; combinados com e sem tratamento químico e armazenadas em condição ambiente. As avaliações da qualidade fisiológica pelo teste de germinação e emergência de plântulas e sanitária foram realizadas durante 0, 3, 6, 9 e 12 meses de armazenamento. Conclui-se que sementes revestidas com Areia + PVA e Areia + CaSiO3 + PVA ou polímero, tratadas quimicamente, mantém sua qualidade fisiológica ao longo dos 12 meses de armazenamento; o tratamento químico com fungicida Carbendazim + Thiram e inseticida Fipronil nas sementes revestidas ou não...

Fungicidas foliares e a doença ferrugem asiática na produção e na qualidade de sementes de soja

Pinto,Tais Leite Ferreira; Cicero,Silvio Moure; França Neto,José de Barros; Dourado Neto,Durval; Forti,Victor Augusto
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
Condições climáticas desfavoráveis, durante o período final de maturação da soja, têm ocasionado problemas na qualidade das sementes, o que pode resultar no aparecimento de sementes esverdeadas. No presente trabalho objetivou-se avaliar a influência da aplicação foliar de fungicidas e da doença ferrugem asiática na produção e na qualidade de sementes, com destaque para a ocorrência de sementes esverdeadas em soja. Os tratamentos foram constituídos pela testemunha e aplicações dos fungicidas flutriafol + tiofanato metílico, pyraclostrobina + epoxiconazol e metconazol, sendo os produtos aplicados nos estádios fenológicos R2 e R5.1, individualmente e, também, em aplicações combinadas. Os experimentos foram conduzidos em campo, em Londrina-PR, durante os anos agrícolas de 2007/08 e 2008/09. Foram realizadas as seguintes avaliações de campo: severidade da doença ferrugem asiática, por meio de escala diagramática, produtividade, massa de mil sementes e porcentagem de sementes esverdeadas, avaliadas visualmente. A qualidade das sementes foi avaliada por meio dos testes de germinação, tetrazólio, envelhecimento acelerado e condutividade elétrica, imediatamente após a colheita e após 6 meses de armazenamento...

Ocorr??ncia de sementes com casca aberta na produ????o de sementes de arroz h??brido irrigado no estado de Roraima; Open husk seeds ocurrence in hybrid rice seed production in lowland areas in the state of Roraima

SOARES, Maur??cio Jur??
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
The production of hybrid rice seeds in the state of Roraima takes place in two crops per year. About 70% of which is held between the months October to March the following year, called the summer crop, and the remaining 30% occur in the winter season (April to September of that year). Yields of winter of 2009, 2010 and 2011 were limited by the occurrence of shelled seeds in open fields to produce the Hybrid rice seeds, cultivar Avaxi CL. The objective of this study was to survey the occurrence of seeds in shell open in the three growing seasons of winter and their problems in losses in seed processing and seed quality. Data were presented on the loads of trucks coming from the seed production fields. The procedures for obtaining samples and the sampling intensity were performed in accordance with Rules for Seed Analysis. The data of the percentage of open shelled seeds was systematized by the truck loads of seeds, depending on the time of seed harvest and according to the different areas used for seed production. Data were also taken for germination of seed lots produced and thousand seed weight. Yields were low harvests in 2009, 2010 and 2011, for this season, in relation to productivity typically observed in summer crops. The occurrence of seeds with open shells ranged from 15.1% to 29.9%...

Aplica????o de c??lcio/magn??sio e sil??cio nas sementes de soja; Application of clacium and magnesium + silicon in soybean seeds

RUFINO, Cassyo de Ara??jo
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of coating of soybean seeds with calcium / magnesium and silicon verified through the physiological quality, yield components and plant growth. We used two micronutrients, calcium and silicon (limestone and kaolin), both at a dose of 50 g/kg-1 seed. The treatments were a combination of coating seeds and cultivars: RR Power BMX - T1 (Ca / Mg Si), T2 (Ca / Mg), T3 (Si) and T4 (No micronutrients), CD 226 RR - T1 (Ca / Mg Si), T2 (Ca / Mg), T3 (Si) and T4 (No micronutrients). For the growth analysis were analyzed the following variables: leaf area, plant height, shoot dry matter, crop growth rate (CBT), relative growth rate (RGR) and net assimilation rate (NAR). For the physiology and yield components, were performed the following tests: germination, first count germination, accelerated aging, weight of thousand seeds, seed mass per plant, plant height, stem diameter, number of pods and seeds per plant, harvest index, biological yield, total seedling length, shoot and root. For all variables analyzed were used an experimental design of randomized blocks in factorial 2x4 (two cultivars and four combinations of seed coating with Ca and Mg + Si). The coating of soybean seeds can be an alternative to seed treatment because it promotes greater leaf area and dry matter production. The plants originated from the seed coating with calcium and magnesium + silicon produced good results for the growth rate...

Desempenho de sementes de Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp tratadas com fungicidas, inseticidas e micronutrientes sob diferentes condi????es de armazenamento; Performance of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp seeds treated with fungicides, insecticides and micronutrients in different storage conditions

OLIVEIRA, Lucicl??ia Mendes de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
Cowpea is a leguminous very cultivated in North and Northeast in Brazil. It is a crop from Africa, but it has good adaptability in these areas. It is important protein source for poor people of these regions, besides generating employment and income. Seed treatment is important to control and prevent possible pests and diseases attacks that could damage physiological seed quality, reduce plant stand and cause economic damage. It is also possible to apply nutrients via seeds; in this case, nutrients will be readily available to plants shortly after germination. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of cowpea seeds treated with fungicides, insecticides and micronutrients in different storage conditions. The experiment was conducted at Seed Analysis Laboratory of the Federal University of Para??ba, and the seeds were treated as follows: 1-control (no treated), 2-micronutrient Comol 118 (composed of 1% cobalt and molybdenum 8%), 3-thiamethoxan insecticide (Cruiser 350FS?? - 300mL per 100kg of seed-1), 4-Insecticide and fungicide: fipronil and pyraclostrobin + thiophanate methyl (Standak?? top-200mL per 100kg of seed-1), 5-Imidacloprid + thiodicarb (Cropstar ?? - 300mL- per 100kg of seeds-1). After treated the seeds were stored at natural environment and preservation chamber. The assessment of physiological seed quality was done at 0...

Produ????o e beneficiamento de sementes de trigo na empresa Sementes Estrela Erechim,RS; Case of study: wheat seed production and conditioning at "sementes estrela" seed company in Erechim, RS, Brazil

WEBBER, Tiago Antonio
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
The objective of the present study was to analyze the efficiency of wheat seed production and conditioning at the Sementes Estrela seed company located in the Erechim county, RS state, Brazil, during 2006/07, 2007/08 and 2008/09 crop seasons. Data of area and volume registered for seed production, receiving, conditioning and aprovation, germination and comercialization of wheat seed lots. Cultivars studied were: Abalone; Safira; Alcover; Pampeano; Onix; Quartzo; Marfim; BRS Timbauva; BRS Guamirim; BRS 208; Fundacep Nova Era; Fundacep 52; Fundacep Cristalino e Fundacep Raizes. The results shown that wheat seed production at Sementes Estrela represents 3.87% of the state of Rio Grande do Sul production. There is a difference between registered volume and volume received of wheat seeds of about 15%. The efficiency of wheat seed conditioning is increasing each crop season, being the seed loss of about 22%. In the last two crop seasons the wheat seed conditioned and approved is 100%. Germination of approved seed lots is above the standard stablished by the seed company in all crop seasons. Commercialization of wheat seeds at Sementes Estrela company is above 90% of seed lots conditioned but shows a tendency of reducing in the last crop season.; O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar a efici??ncia da produ????o e do beneficiamento de semente de trigo na empresa Sementes Estrela localizada em Erechim...

M??todo de estufa para determina????o do grau de umidade de sementes de arroz e soja; The oven drying method for determination of the moisture content of rice and soybean seeds

LOPES, Madelon Schimmelpfennig
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
The aim of this work was to a) compare the standard official methodology in Brazil for the determination of the moisture content of rice and soybean seeds (i.e. oven dried at 105??C for 24 hours) to the ISTA standard method (103??C for 17 hours), and b) test the possibility to determine whether the moisture content (MC) of rice and soybean seeds can be accurately estimated drying for a period shorter than 24h. Previously, a study was performed to establish the influence of the sample position within the oven, aimed to reduce the variation of the results on MC among different seed samples. The rice and soybean seeds tested in the experiment showed MC as determined by oven drying at 105??C/24h of 9.0%; 17.6% and 7.5%; 16.8%, respectively. The MC of whole rice and soybean seeds was estimated through oven drying at temperatures of 70, 103, 105 e 130??C for periods of 1, 3, 5, 7, 17, 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours for each level of temperature. Following ISTA standards, ground seeds were employed to determine their MC through the standard procedure (oven dried at 103??C/17h), whereas for the alternative procedure rice seeds were oven dried at 130??C for two hours. It was concluded that drying at 105??C/24h either underestimate the MC of rice and soybean seeds...

Potencial fisiol??gico e teor de macro e micronutrientes em sementes de feij??o utilizando material crioulo e melhorado por sele????o participativa; Potential physiological and content of macro and micronutrients of bean seeds using landraces and improved cultivars by participatory selection

Alves, Carla Xavier
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
The bean is consumed by a large part of the population and is an important source of nutrients, which may have their levels increased with the use of genotypes that have naturally high levels of these nutrients. In Brazil, the beans is grown mainly by small farmers, who often use seeds from previous years, selected by the farmers themselves for years, characterizing them as native seeds. These seeds are great source of genetic variability, with high potential for direct use by farmers and use in breeding programs. Knowledge of characteristics that influence the quality of seeds is crucial for the selection of the best genotypes to be used. A characteristics mentioned is the concentration of nutrients in the seeds. The study aimed to evaluate the physiological quality and nutrient content in seeds of landraces and improved cultivars for participatory selection, and the influence of the content of these nutrients in seed vigor. The seeds used were produced in S??o Luiz Gonzaga and Sobradinho, RS, from cultivar evaluation trials of 2011/2012 season. Were evaluated seeds: germination, accelerated aging, cold, electrical conductivity and root length and shoot length in seedlings. We also evaluated the levels of phosphorus, calcium, potassium...

Desempenho das sementes de milho hibrido tratadas com Avicta Completo?? durante o armazenamento; Performance of hybrid corn seed treated with Complete?? Avicta during storage

OLIVEIRA JUNIOR, Adhemar Antonio de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The products to be applied in the disinfestation of seed shall provide sufficient protection to seed as much as the seedlings in the field, keeping the fungi, insects and nematodes properly controlled. The objective of this study was to investigate the possible effect immediate and latent product Avicta Complete?? Pack (with fungicide, insecticide and nematicide action) on the physiological quality of hybrid maize seed. Was used six hybrids from Pioneer Company: 30K73, 30F35, 30F80, 30K75, 30R50 and 32R22. The seeds were submitted to the following health treatments: 1) control, 2) Avicta Complete??, 3) overdose Avicta Complete?? 100%, and then stored at room temperature and cold chamber (100 C and 60% RH) for 350 days. The evaluations were performed at 50, 150, 250 and 350 days, and the characteristics evaluated: germination, cold test and accelerated aging. Assays were performed at the Laboratory of Seeds of Tropical Breeding and Genetics Company and the data were subjected to statistical analysis using the statistical program Sisvar?? (FERREIRA, 2000). Data were analyzed according to statistical analysis on the isolated effect of the products and environment interaction / storage in which we obtained the following conclusions: the reduction of the physiological quality of corn seeds varied depending on the treatment of the hybrid and the time that seeds remain stored after treatment and the reduction of physiological seed quality intensified with prolonged storage of the treated seed...

Qualidade fisiol??gica de sementes de soja enriquecidas com molibd??nio; Soybean seed physiological quality i n function of molybdenum application

POSSENTI, Jean Carlo
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
To compare the physiological quality of soybeans seeds that had been enriched with molybdenum with not enriched seeds, and the application the element at seedling, this experiment was divided in two years. In the first year of the experiment, seeds of three soybean varieties CD-206, MSOY-7101 and BRS-183, had been enriched with Mo the application of 800 g.ha -1 of molybdenum, divided in two foliage applications, of the same dose. One, in the phase R3 and the other one, in the phase of R5. After harvesting it was evaluated productivity and the weight of a thousand seeds and after seed processing, it was evaluated germination, field emergency, accelerated aging and the conductivity test for zero, three and six months of storage. In the second year of the experiment, two varieties, CD-206 and BRS-183, that came from the seeds enriched in the previous year with Mo had been submitted to the application in the dose of 20 g.ha -1 . After harvesting, it was evaluated productivity, weight of a thousand seeds and after seeds processing, it was determined germination, field emergency, accelerated aging and the conductivity test. It was concluded that the seed produced the application of Mo in high doses during the phases of R3 and R5, presents high concentrations of the nutrient...

Comportamento de plantas de arroz h??brido em fun????o da qualidade fisiol??gica das sementes; Hybrid rice plants behavior regarding the seeds physiological quality

MIELEZRSKI, Fabio
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The work had the objective of evaluating the behavior of populations of hybrid rice plants which were cultivated isolated, and the individual behavior and plants originated from seeds of high and low vigor of hybrid rice, inside of populations that were constituted of different combinations of seed line distributions. The experiment was conducted in the didactic experimental area of the agronomy school. It was used seeds of hybrid rice of the cultivar Avaxi, which belongs to the Ricetec??, including two types characterized as low and high vigor. Two studies were conducted. On the first, the effect of seed vigor on isolated plants, cultivated in hollows of 50 cm of depth, was evaluated. Two treatments were tested; plants originated from low and high vigor seeds, being each parcel composed by only one plant. On the second study, the evaluation was on the individual behavior of plants inside a population, as long as the entire population behavior established with different systems of distribution of plants originated from high and low vigor seeds, on the seed line. The experiment had 5 different combinations of seed line distribution of the plants originated from high and low vigor seeds, in seed lines of 4 meters of length. The plants were obtained by sowing each lot in distinct treys with soil as subtract...

Variabilidade gen??tica e a efici??ncia de sele????o no car??ter dorm??ncia de sementes em aveia-preta(Avena strigosa Schreb.); Genetic variability and breeding efficiency for seed dormancy in blac oat (Avena strigosa Schreb.)

MOLITERNO, Enrique Alfredo Parachu
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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Seed dormancy is a trait shown by a large variety of weedy plants, which helps the purpose of perpetuating the species through space and time by delaying germination until specific environmental cues happen. Black oat, a temperate forage grass, is widely used for pasture and as a cover crop in minimum tillage systems in Southern Brazil. However, the largest portion of the seed sown belongs to an old variety, which has no genetic identity, contributing to the appearance of undesirable agronomic traits in a crop species such as seed dormancy. This trait is hold responsible for turning black oat into a potential weedy species in areas sown to other cool season cereals, such as wheat and barley. Three methods were used to screen and select for black oat genotypes expressing low seed dormancy, i.e. screening of lines collected throughout different agricultural regions of the state of Rio Grande do Sul; subjecting a specific line of the species to the effects of two chemical and one physical mutagens and crossbreeding between selected lines and commercial cultivars of the species. All three methods were undertaken under a glasshouse environment (without temperature control), and since there are no known vegetative morphological traits associated to seed dormancy the procedure consisted on selecting seedlings from non dormant seeds. These were grown in the glasshouse environment and their progeny seeds tested for germinability...

Avalia????o t??cnica e comercial da empresa Sementes Iru??a - Paraguai; Technical and commercial evaluation of Iru??a Seeds company - Paraguay

RODRIGUES, Claiton
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The seeds company Iru??a is located at km 162, Cruce Raul Pe??a, in Alta Parana state Paraguay. It has begun its seeds production activities in 1983 with the commercialization of 3.129 forty kilos bags of soy seeds. Lately, the foreseen commercialization of seeds is approximately to 4.400 t of soy seeds and 2.500 t of wheat seeds. Internally, the intended seed commercialization until 2011 is 8.000 t of soy seeds and 4.000 t of wheat seeds. This paper intended a technical and commercial evaluation of the company with an emphasis on the soy crop abtaing a helpful data base for the company s decision makess, so to reach the stipulated goals. It was gathered data of what was produced internally during the period of 1983-2008. To reach the stipulated goal, problems such as the company s high discard after conditioning which is around 18,17%/year, average, must be lowered. It was observed the need in bedbug damage control and mechanical damages, which according to historical average is 17,3% for bedbugs and 12,4% levels for mechanical damages. The harvest of seeds with low humidity influenced negatively the seeds quality. Historically, 61,32% of the soy seed volume was harvested with less than 13% of humidity. The usage of inadequate machinery as inappropriate metallic commercial silos for seeds decreased the quality of soy seeds. The benefit of fields for seeds...

Tatamento e recobrimento de sementes de soja com pol??meros l??quido e em p??; Soybean seed treatment and coating with liquid and powdered polymer

Avelar, Suemar Alexandre Gon??alves
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
Seed coating is a strong technology for soybean seeds, bringing great advantages to the farmers, allowing the application of polymers in an appropriate and necessary way to cover the seed. The objective of this research was to evaluate the efficiency of seed coating and the quality of soybean seeds treated with fungicide, insecticide, micronutrients and polymers, during six months of storage. Soybean seeds cultivar CD 209 were submitted to the following treatments: control, fungicide Fludioxonil + Metalaxyl - M (Maxim XL?? - 100 mL.100 kg-1 seeds), insecticide Thiametoxan (Cruiser 350 FS?? - 200 mL.100 kg-1 seeds), micronutrient ComoFix?? (165 mL.100 kg-1 seeds - 24,75 mL Mo and 2,475 mL Co) and the mixture fungicide + insecticide + micronutrient. The same treatments were repeated using the liquid polymer Sepiret 9241 B Green (400 mL.100 kg-1 seed) and also powder polymer Sepiret Flo Branco (0,5 kg.100 kg-1 seeds) + colorant Corasem blue (50 mL.100 kg-1 seeds). Coating efficiency and physical and physiological seed quality in laboratory and seedling performance in the field were evaluated. It was concluded that: the use of polymer in seed coating presents seeds with good appearance, coloration, distribution and adherence of the products to the seed surface; uniformity of product distribution during seed treatment varies with the interaction between product and type of polymer used. Coating with liquid polymer is more efficient in soybean seeds. The use of polymers alters the hectolitre volumetric weight not affecting the physiologic quality. The powder polymer presents adverse latent effects after the storage of the seeds. The polymer should not be used separately in the treatment of seeds.; O recobrimento de sementes ?? uma tecnologia que v??m se firmando cada vez mais...

Incrustamento em sementes de azev??m anual(Lolium multiflorum lam.): caracter??sticas f??sicas e qualidade fisiol??gica; Incrustamento em sementes de azev??m anual(Lolium multiflorum lam.): caracter??sticas f??sicas e qualidade fisiol??gica; Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) seed incrusting: physical characteristics and physiological quality of seeds; Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) seed incrusting: physical characteristics and physiological quality of seeds

PERES, Wilner Brod
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Agronomia; Programa de P??s-gradua????o em Ci??ncia e Tecnologia de Sementes; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The objective of the present research was to increase ryegrass seed weight thought addition of inert materials by the process of incrusting (seed weight increase without change its form), to reduce drifting and to uniform its distribution improving it ballistic power when sowed by airplane. Two seed lots were used harvested in 2007/2008. After air separation to remove light materials and impurities, seeds were screened through two oblong holes screens: 1,2 x 20 mm and 0,8 x 12 mm, being used seeds over the 0,8 x 12 mm screen. Seeds were treated with insecticide Standak??, fungicide Vitavax?? - Thiram 200 SC and Giberellic acid ProGibb?? (10%). Inert materials used were Vermiculite and natural Phosphate of ARAD grinded and passed by n?? 100 screen. Adhesive materials were used Rigrantec polymers Polyseed 70?? and Polyseed CF?? diluted in water in proportion of 1:1. Those materials were added to the seeds in four individual layers including a drying period among each layer. The physical characteristics of seeds were determined by 1000 seeds weight, test weight, repose angle and terminal velocity. The physiological quality of the seeds was evaluated by the following tests: standard germination, first count of germination, accelerated ageing...