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Condições funcionais para alimentação, estado nutricional, perda de peso e autoavaliação de saúde em idosos comunitários : dados do FIBRA Campinas; Functional conditions of feeding, nutritional status, weight loss and self-rated health in community-dwelling elderly : data from FIBRA Campinas

Harriet Jane White
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/09/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.3%
Objetivos: investigar relações entre estado nutricional indicado pelo IMC, perda de peso não-intencional, condições funcionais para a alimentação e autoavaliações de saúde bucal e de saúde global em mulheres e homens idosos recrutados na comunidade. Métodos: participaram 689 idosos (470 mulheres; 65 a 90 anos, M = 72,28 + 5,40; renda familiar mensal de < 1 > 10 salários mínimos, M = 4,72 + 5,27), selecionados da amostra probabilística do Estudo FIBRA Campinas. Foram feitas medidas de peso, altura e IMC e aplicadas questões de autorrelato para medida das demais variáveis. Resultados: Vinte e oito por cento pontuaram para obesidade, 14,39% para pré-obesidade e 14,83% para baixo peso; 24,86% tinham perdido peso no ano anterior; 30% da amostra tinham problemas de mastigação; 20% tinham pelo menos 3 problemas funcionais para alimentação; 72,41% pontuaram alto em autoavaliação da saúde bucal, 58,86% em autoavaliação da saúde global. Mais mulheres e mais idosos de 65 a 74 anos pontuaram para obesidade; mais idosos de baixa renda perderam peso e tinham problemas funcionais para a alimentação. Piores condições funcionais para a alimentação e renda inferior a 5 SM mostraram-se fortemente associados com autoavaliações negativas de saúde bucal e de saúde global...

Self-rated health and working conditions among workers from primary health care centers in Brazil

Garcia,Leila Posenato; Höfelmann,Doroteia Aparecida; Facchini,Luiz Augusto
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.24%
This cross-sectional study with 1,249 workers from all 49 municipal primary health care centers was conducted in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, with the objective of investigating the prevalence of poor self-rated health and its association with working conditions and other factors. Multivariate statistical analyses were conducted using Poisson regression. The prevalence of poor self-rated health was 21.86% (95%CI: 19.56%-24.15%). The largest prevalence was found among dental assistants (35.71%), and the lowest among physicians (10.66%). In the adjusted analysis, the outcome was associated with female gender (PR = 1.48; 95%CI: 1.03-2.14), older age (PR = 1.29; 95%CI: 1.05-1.59), higher education (PR = 0.69; 95%CI: 0.55-0.87), more time working at the primary care center (PR = 1.57; 95%CI: 1.29-1.98), higher workload score (PR = 1.67; 95%CI: 1.35-2.05), obesity (PR = 1.74; 95%CI: 1.37-2.21), and often or always experiencing musculoskeletal symptoms (PR = 2.69; 95%CI: 1.90-3.83). A higher workload score remained associated with the outcome, suggesting an association between working conditions and self-rated health.

Association between district-level perceived safety and self-rated health: a multilevel study in Seoul, South Korea

Kim, Seung-Sup; Choi, Jaesung; Park, Kisoo; Chung, Yeonseung; Park, Sangjo; Heo, Jongho
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.23%
Objectives: Several studies have reported the relationship between residents’ perceived neighbourhood safety and their health outcomes. However, those studies suffered from unreliability of neighbourhood safety measure and potential residual confounding related to crime rates. In this study, using multilevel analysis to account for the hierarchical structure of the data, we examined associations between district-level perceived safety and self-rated health after adjusting for potential confounders including the district-level crime rate. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: We used the first wave of Seoul Welfare Panel Study, which has 7761 individuals from 3665 households in 25 administrative districts in Seoul, South Korea. District-level perceived safety was obtained by aggregating responses from the residents that are representative samples for each administrative district in Seoul. To examine an association between district-level safety and residents’ self-rated health, we used mixed effect logistic regression. Results: Our results showed that higher district-level perceived safety, an aggregated measure of district residents’ responses towards neighbourhood safety, was significantly associated with poor self-rated health after controlling for sex...

Auto-avaliação do estado de saúde em idosos usuários do Sistema Único de Saúde de Goiânia-Goiás; Self-rated of health status in elderly users of the Unified System of Health from Goiânia,Goiás.

PAGOTTO, Valéria
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Enfermagem; Cuidado em Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Enfermagem; Cuidado em Enfermagem
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.36%
Self-rated health is one of the most widely used indicators in studies of the elderly population. There is evidence of its reliability and its potential in predicting mortality and functional decline. The perception of health is a multidimensional and subjective individual, who usually consider a number of factors when considering their own health. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of self-rated poor health and associated factors in elderly users of the Unified System of Health, Goiânia-GO. This is a cross-sectional population-based, with individuals 60 years or more. Data were collected from December 2008 to March 2009. Applied a standardized questionnaire including socioeconomic, demographic, health and lifestyle. Self-rated health was dichotomized in self-rated good health (very good / good / fair) and bad (poor / very poor). Analysis was descriptive of the study variables and the relationship between self-rated poor health and the covariates were explored through the prevalence ratio (PR) and respectives CI 95%. Multivariate analysis was performed using Poisson regression with hierarchical analysis. Were included in this analysis the variables with value p <0.20. The tests were performed in STATA 9.0. We interviewed 403 elderly and 66% were female...

The Influence of Burnout Symptoms on the Relationship between Work-Life Balance and Self-Rated Health

Novess, Jennafer
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.33%
The effects of stress at work are estimated to cost Canadian employers more than 20 billion dollars annually through absenteeism, sick leave and decreased productivity. Over the past two decades, Canadians have reported higher stress levels, increased work hours and more work performed outside of normal business hours. This work-life imbalance has far-reaching repercussions–affecting an employee’s performance as well as their health. Chronic exposure to these high levels of stress can also lead to burnout. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude in which burnout symptoms influence the relationship between work-life balance and self-rated health. The secondary purpose of this study was to determine if gender and age interactions exist in the relationship between burnout, work-life balance, and self-rated health. This cross-sectional study involved secondary analysis of 220 managers, workers and human service professionals who completed an Occupational Health Clinics for Ontario Workers’ Mental Injury Toolkit (MIT) survey for the launch of the MIT. The MIT survey is a modified form of the short version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire and includes expanded questioning around burnout, stress...

A simple measure with complex determinants: investigation of the correlates of self-rated health in older men and women from three continents

French, Davina J.; Browning, Colette; Kendig, Hal; Luszcz, Mary A.; Saito, Yasuhiko; Sargent-Cox, Kerry A.; Anstey, Kaarin J.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 12 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health is commonly employed in research studies that seek to assess the health status of older individuals. Perceptions of health are, however, influenced by individual and societal level factors that may differ within and between countries. This study investigates levels of self-rated health (SRH) and correlates of SRH among older adults in Australia, United States of America (USA), Japan and South Korea. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were drawn from large surveys of older respondents (≥ 65 years) in Australia (n = 7,355), USA (n = 10,358), Japan (n = 3,541) and South Korea (n = 3,971), collected between 2000 and 2006. Harmonized variables were developed to represent socioeconomic, lifestyle and health indicators. We then assessed whether these variables, and their potentially different impact in different countries, could account for cross-national differences in levels of SRH. RESULTS: SRH differed significantly between countries, with older Koreans reporting much poorer health than those in the other three nations. This was not the result of biases in response patterns (for example central versus extreme tendency). Health-related correlates of SRH were similar across countries; those with more medical conditions...

An examination of the effects of intra and inter-individual changes in wellbeing and mental health on self-rated health in a population study of middle and older-aged adults

Burns, Richard A; Sargent-Cox, Kerry; Mitchell, Paul; Anstey, Kaarin J
Fonte: Springer Verlag Publicador: Springer Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 10 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.38%
PURPOSE Self-rated health is frequently used as an indicator of health and quality of life in epidemiological studies. While the association between self-rated health and negative mental health is well established, associations with indictors of positive wellbeing are less clear. Data from the Dynamic Analyses to Optimise Ageing (DYNOPTA) project were used to compare the effects of vitality and mental health on self-rated health. METHODS Participants (n = 40,712) provided information on vitality, mental health and self-rated health, were aged 45–95 years at baseline, and were followed between 1 and 10 years (M = 5.6; SD = 2.9). RESULTS In comparison with mental health, multi-level modelling indicated between- and within-person change in vitality was more strongly associated with self-rated health. Bivariate dual change score modelling of the cross-lagged associations between vitality and self-rated health indicated vitality to be a stronger predictor of change in Self-rated health. Self-rated health was unrelated to change in vitality. CONCLUSION Vitality accounted for most of the mental health effect on self-rated health and was identified as a significant predictor of change in self-rated health over a 10-year period. Promoting wellbeing and psychological functioning may have significant protective effects on negative health outcomes throughout the adult lifespan and into late life.; These studies were pooled and harmonized for the Dynamic Analyses to Optimise Ageing (DYNOPTA) project. DYNOPTA was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC grant # 410215). Burns and Sargent-Cox are supported by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (project #: CE110001029). Anstey is supported by an NHMRC Research Fellowship (No. 366756).

The effect of health behavior change on self-rated health across the adult life course: a longitudinal cohort study

Sargent-Cox, Kerry; Cherbuin, Nicolas; Morris, Lara; Butterworth, Peter; Anstey, Kaarin J
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 6 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.13%
OBJECTIVE. While it is clear that health behaviors are related to self-rated health (SRH), it is less clear if maintaining positive behaviors, or improving, can protect SRH over time. METHOD. SRH trajectories were modeled in a large representative Australian sample (n = 7485 at baseline), of three age cohorts (20–24, 40–44 and 60–64 years at baseline; 1999, 2000 & 2001 respectively), over an 8 year period. Change in smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activity on SRH trajectories were examined, controlling for demographic, physical and mental health factors. RESULTS. SRH became poorer over time across the sample. Being a non-smoker was associated with more positive SRH levels across all groups. Maintaining or increasing moderate physical activity was associated with less decline in SRH CONCLUSIONS. Findings highlight the benefits of positive health behaviors, particularly performing regular physical activity over time, for reducing the risk of subjective health becoming poorer across the adult life course.; This study was supported by the NHMRC Grant No. 973302, Program Grant Nos. 179805 and 350833, NHMRC Project Grant No. 157125. KS-C is funded by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (#CE110001029). KA is funded by NHMRC Fellowship #1002560. NC is funded by an ARC Future Fellowship #120100227.

Self-Rated Health and Sickness-Related Absence: The Modifying Role of Civic Participation

LANCEE, Bram; TER HOEVEN, Claartje L.
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.31%
In this study, we examined civic participation as an effect modifier between self-rated health and absence from work. Building on the theoretical framework of social exchange, we use German data to test a conceptual model relating self-rated health to sickness-related absence, as well as the interaction between self-rated health and civic participation. We used the 1996 wave of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study. Since sickness-related absence is a censored variable, we used a tobit regression model. The results confirmed the hypotheses: the effect between self-rated health and sickness-related absence was modified by civic participation, indicating that the effect of self-rated health on sickness-related absence is less pronounced for people who participate more as opposed to those who report less civic participation. In other words, those who are unhealthy and participate more, are fewer days absent from work. We argue that civic participation buffers the relationship between self-rated health and sickness-related absence because those who participate more have more resources to fulfill self-regulatory needs. Our findings emphasize the importance of civic participation outside the workplace for people at work when they do not feel physically well. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Depressive symptoms and other factors associated with poor self-rated health in the elderly: gender differences

Millán Calenti, José C.; Sánchez, Alba; Lorenzo, Trinidad; Maseda, Ana
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.34%
[Abstract] Aim: The main objective of this study was to identify determinants of poor self-rated health. We hypothesized that poor self-rated health reflects not only health, but also physical, functional, psychological and social factors. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of a representative Spanish population sample of 600 subjects aged 65 years and older. Self-rated health status was measured and dichotomized into good (excellent and good) and poor (fair and poor). Univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to determine these independent variables modifying poor self-rated health. Results: Of the participants, 43.9% perceived their health as poor. Depressive symptoms were a factor that showed the strongest relation to poor self-rated health (odds ration [OR] 5.06), even when distributed by sex (women, OR 4.70 and men, OR 5.19), followed by the need for caregiver support 24 h a day in both the total population (OR 3.67) and women (OR 3.53), but having a connective tissue disease was the second strongest factor in men (OR 2.07). When depressive symptoms and the need for caregiver support were present, the likelihood for poor self-rated health was 91.5% in the total population and 94.4% in women. In men...

The effect of health behavior change on self-rated health across the adult life course: a longitudinal cohort study

Sargent-Cox, Kerry; Cherbuin, Nicolas; Morris, Lara; Butterworth, Peter; Anstey, Kaarin J.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 6 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.13%
Objective. While it is clear that health behaviors are related to self-rated health (SRH), it is less clear if maintaining positive behaviors, or improving, can protect SRH over time. Method. SRH trajectoriesweremodeled in a large representative Australian sample (n = 7485 at baseline), of three age cohorts (20–24, 40–44 and 60–64 years at baseline; 1999, 2000 & 2001 respectively), over an 8 year period. Change in smoking, alcohol consumption and physical activity on SRH trajectories were examined, controlling for demographic, physical and mental health factors. Results. SRH became poorer over time across the sample. Being a non-smoker was associated with more positive SRH levels across all groups. Maintaining or increasing moderate physical activity was associated with less decline in SRH. Conclusions. Findings highlight the benefits of positive health behaviors, particularly performing regular physical activity over time, for reducing the risk of subjective health becoming poorer across the adult life course.

Correlates of subjective health across the aging lifespan: understanding self-rated health in the oldest old

French, Davina J.; Sargent-Cox, Kerry A.; Luszcz, Mary A.
Fonte: Sage Publications Publicador: Sage Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 29 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.18%
OBJECTIVES: To examine the determinants of self-rated health (SRH) in different age groups of older adults, including the oldest-old. METHODS: Variables assessing physical health, difficulty with self-care, depressive symptoms and cognitive impairment were pooled and harmonised from three Australian longitudinal studies of ageing (n=5,222). The association of these with SRH was examined in older adults aged 60-64 years, 65-74 years, 75-84 years and 85 years and older. RESULTS: SRH was not associated with cognitive impairment or difficulty with self-care in the oldest-old, and its association with physical health was diminished compared with younger groups. Depression showed a significant relationship in all age groups, conferring an approximately fourfold increase in the likelihood of poorer SRH. DISCUSSION: As old age progresses, self-reports of poor health become most closely related to psychological symptoms. This explains some of the paradoxes of past literature and offers important insights for health professionals working with the oldest-old.; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC); Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR)

The influence of neighbourhood formality status and socio-economic position on self-rated health among adult men and women: a multilevel, cross sectional, population study from Aleppo, Syria

Ahmad, Balsam; Ryan, Vicky; Maziak, Wasim; Pless-Mulloli, Tanja; White, Martin
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.13%
Background There is substantial evidence from high income countries that neighbourhoods have an influence on health independent of individual characteristics. However, neighbourhood characteristics are rarely taken into account in the analysis of urban health studies from developing countries. Informal urban neighbourhoods are home to about half of the population in Aleppo, the second largest city in Syria (population>2.5 million). This study aimed to examine the influence of neighbourhood socioeconomic status (SES) and formality status on self-rated health (SRH) of adult men and women residing in formal and informal urban neighbourhoods in Aleppo. Methods The study used data from 2038 survey respondents to the Aleppo Household Survey, 2004 (age 18–65 years, 54.8% women, response rate 86%). Respondents were nested in 45 neighbourhoods. Five individual-level SES measures, namely education, employment, car ownership, item ownership and household density, were aggregated to the level of neighbourhood. Multilevel regression models were used to investigate associations. Results We did not find evidence of important SRH variation between neighbourhoods. Neighbourhood average of household item ownership was associated with a greater likelihood of reporting excellent SRH in women; odds ratio (OR) for an increase of one item on average was 2.3 (95% CI 1.3-4.4 (versus poor SRH)) and 1.7 (95% CI 1.1-2.5 (versus normal SRH))...

The Relationship between In-School Physical Activity and Life Satisfaction, Self-Rated Health, Academic Performance, and Out-of-School Physical Activity: A Canadian Study

Choudhury, Moaz
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.25%
The growing prevalence of childhood and adolescent physical inactivity and obesity are major concerns in Canada. Physical activity promoted within schools should be seen as a way to address these problems, since the majority of children receive public schooling. Research highlighting in-school physical activity helps influence school board and public health officials to create a physically active school environment. Consequently, this study has two objectives. The first is to describe the prevalence of in-school physical activity and four dependent variables in a nationwide sample of 9717 students, using data from the Health Behavior in School–aged Children survey. Dependent variables include life satisfaction, self-rated health, academic performance, and out-of-school physical activity. The second objective examines the association between in-school physical activity levels and these dependent variables, while controlling for potential confounders. Using existing data from the 2005/06 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey, a partial proportional odds model form of ordinal logistic regression was fitted in order to investigate the relationship between in-school physical activity and self-rated health, life satisfaction...

Estado de saúde autoavaliado: fatores associados e tendência temporal em países com dados disponíveis para o período de 1990 a 2015; Self-assessed health status: associated factors and temporal trend in countries with available data for the period 1990-2015

Pedroso, Márcia Regina de Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/10/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.35%
Introdução: A autoavaliação de saúde é um indicador da saúde geral e do bem-estar dos indivíduos e populações, resultado de uma percepção integrada sobre a saúde, incluindo aspectos biopsicossociais. Porém, há a necessidade de um melhor entendimento destes e de outros fatores associados e o estabelecimento de um modelo de causalidade. Além disto, faltam estudos avaliando as diferenças entre os países e contextos sociais, assim como a sua variação ao longo do tempo. Objetivos: 1) Descrever o estado de saúde de adultos não idosos, inferido por autoavaliação, entre países e regiões com diferentes perfis socioeconômicos; 2) Analisar os fatores contextuais e individuais associados à autoavaliação da saúde; 3) Analisar a tendência temporal dos valores da autoavaliação da saúde no período de 1990 a 2015. Métodos: Foram estudados indivíduos adultos (20-59 anos) a partir de bases de dados de pesquisas de âmbito nacional para o período de 1991 a 2013. Foram incluídas pesquisas que continham a pergunta central do estudo, sobre como o indivíduo avalia a sua saúde, totalizando 92 bases de dados. As variáveis em estudo segundo grupos serão: macroecômicas (PIB per capita e coeficiente de Gini); sociodemográficas e econômicas (idade...

Determinantes da autopercepção de saúde entre mulheres freqüentadoras do Centro de Práticas Esportivas da Universidade de São Paulo (CEPEUSP); Determinants of self-rated health status among frequenter women of the Sporting Practices Center at the University of São Paulo (CEPEUSP/USP)

Sobral, Cinthia Roman Monteiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/01/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.29%
A saúde é um dos principais elementos da qualidade de vida dos indivíduos. As pesquisas direcionadas às mulheres a respeito deste tema preocupavam-se quase exclusivamente com os problemas de caráter reprodutivo e doenças ginecológicas. Todavia, nos dias atuais, outros aspectos têm sido estudados em decorrência das mudanças significativas de seu papel na sociedade contemporânea. Além de grande parcela da população feminina estar no mercado de trabalho, elas continuam assumindo a responsabilidade da maternidade e do cuidado da família. Nesse contexto, a autopercepção de saúde vem sendo aplicada como uma das formas de se avaliar o estado de saúde, refletindo os diversos aspectos do estilo de vida. O objetivo deste estudo é investigar os determinantes socioeconômicos, demográfico, nutricional, de saúde e de estilo de vida que interferem na própria percepção de saúde entre mulheres freqüentadoras do Centro de Práticas Esportivas da Universidade de São Paulo (CEPEUSP). Este trabalho foi realizado no âmbito do PRINUTHA e caracterizado como um estudo transversal do tipo exploratório. A amostra foi composta por 162 mulheres adultas e, para associar a autopercepção de saúde com os fatores que poderiam influenciá-la...

Determinants of Self-Rated Health Items with Different Points of Reference: Implications for Health Measurement of Older Adults

Sargent-Cox, Kerry; Anstey, Kaarin; Luszcz, Mary A
Fonte: Sage Publications Inc Publicador: Sage Publications Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.16%
Objective: This study assessed whether three commonly used self-rated health (SRH) items (global, age-comparative, and self-comparative) are equivalent measures of health perception for older adults. Method: Regression analyses were used to simultaneously

A estrutura da auto-avaliação da saúde entre idosos: projeto Bambuí; The structure of self-rated health among older adults: the Bambuí health and ageing study (BHAS)

Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda; Firmo, Josélia O A; Uchôa, Elizabeth
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2004 POR; ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.28%
OBJETIVO: Determinar os fatores associados à auto-avaliação da saúde entre idosos, considerando-se cinco dimensões: sociodemográfica, suporte social, hábitos de vida relacionados à saúde, condições de saúde e acesso e uso de serviços de saúde. MÉTODOS: Dos 1.742 idosos (>;60 anos) residentes na cidade de Bambuí (Minas Gerais), 1.516 (87,0%) participaram do estudo. As informações foram obtidas por meio de entrevistas, exames físicos e laboratoriais. RESULTADOS: A auto-avaliação da saúde como boa/muito boa, razoável e ruim/muito ruim foi relatada, respectivamente, por 24,7%, 49,2% e 26,1% dos participantes. As seguintes características apresentaram associações independentes e positivas com pior percepção da saúde: suporte social (insatisfação com os relacionamentos pessoais e menor freqüência a clubes ou associações), condições de saúde (sintomas depressivos/ansiosos nas últimas duas semanas, queixa de insônia nos últimos 30 dias, maior número de medicamentos prescritos usados nos últimos 30 dias) e acesso/uso de serviços de saúde (queixas quando necessita de serviços médicos, maior número de consultas médicas nos últimos 12 meses e maior número de internações hospitalares no período). Associação negativa e independente foi encontrada para renda domiciliar mensal (;4 salários-mínimos). CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados mostraram uma estrutura multidimensional da auto-avaliação da saúde em idosos...

Self-rated health, psychosocial functioning, and other dimensions of adolescent health in Central and Eastern European adolescents

Page,Randy M.; Simonek,Jaromir; Ihász,Ferenc; Hantiu,Iacob; Uvacsek,Martina; Kalabiska,Irén; Klarova,Renata
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.29%
Background and Objectives: Although studied extensively among adults, self-rated health (SRH) has not received the same research attention among adolescents. It has been suggested that SRH in adolescents may be a function of adolescents' overall sense of functioning and may reflect psychosocial functioning more so than in adults. The rating of health as poor by adolescents might be a somatic expression of life distress and may be connected with risky behaviors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate self-rated health (SRH) in Central and Eastern European (CEE) adolescents and determine its association with psychosocial functioning and other dimensions of adolescent health. Methods: A survey was administered to 3,123 students in 34 secondary schools across CEE which included measures of SRH, psychosocial functioning (loneliness, hopelessness, shyness, perceptions of social status, self-rated happiness, and perception of physical attractiveness), and other dimensions of adolescent health (height/weight, physical activity, eating breakfast, sleep). Results: More girls (19.4 %) than boys (11.3 %) rated themselves as "not healthy" and this was true in each of the six countries. Significant predictors of SRH in the logistic regression model were gender...

Self-rated health and working conditions among workers from primary health care centers in Brazil

Garcia,Leila Posenato; Höfelmann,Doroteia Aparecida; Facchini,Luiz Augusto
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.24%
This cross-sectional study with 1,249 workers from all 49 municipal primary health care centers was conducted in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, with the objective of investigating the prevalence of poor self-rated health and its association with working conditions and other factors. Multivariate statistical analyses were conducted using Poisson regression. The prevalence of poor self-rated health was 21.86% (95%CI: 19.56%-24.15%). The largest prevalence was found among dental assistants (35.71%), and the lowest among physicians (10.66%). In the adjusted analysis, the outcome was associated with female gender (PR = 1.48; 95%CI: 1.03-2.14), older age (PR = 1.29; 95%CI: 1.05-1.59), higher education (PR = 0.69; 95%CI: 0.55-0.87), more time working at the primary care center (PR = 1.57; 95%CI: 1.29-1.98), higher workload score (PR = 1.67; 95%CI: 1.35-2.05), obesity (PR = 1.74; 95%CI: 1.37-2.21), and often or always experiencing musculoskeletal symptoms (PR = 2.69; 95%CI: 1.90-3.83). A higher workload score remained associated with the outcome, suggesting an association between working conditions and self-rated health.