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"Repensando os commons na comunicação científica"; Rethinking the access to the scientific communication

Pinto, Evelyn Cristina
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/05/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.12%
Recentemente estudiosos como Benkler, Lessig, Boyle, Hess e Ostrom retomaram o uso do conceito de commons, mas agora relacionado à informação em geral ou à informação científica. Nesse trabalho, nós lançamos mão desse termo para destacar o caráter cooperativo da pesquisa científica, a importância da transparência e neutralidade no acesso ao commons da Ciência e a natureza anti-rival da informação científica. O conceito de commons nos é muito útil para focar todo o conjunto dos artigos científicos já publicados, quer estejam na forma impressa ou na digital. Ainda permite um estudo através de prismas multidisciplinares e, finalmente, enfatiza a dinâmica das comunidades científicos como um todo. Em qualquer commons de informação, quanto maior a distribuição do conhecimento, mais dinâmico e eficiente é o processo de evolução do conhecimento. A tecnologia da imprensa tem desempenhado um papel fundamental na divulgação de informação e o seu surgimento marcou uma revolução no conhecimento e na cultura da nossa civilização. A tecnologia digital tem se mostrado mais eficiente ainda, uma vez que a natureza da sua implementação em bits se aproxima mais da natureza anti-rival das idéias do que qualquer outra tecnologia hoje empregada para preservação e distribuição de informação. Em nosso estudo...

O que nossos cientistas escreviam : algumas das publicações em ciencias no Brasil do seculo XIX; What were written by our scientists : some of scientific publishing in Brazil in 19th century

Rachel Pinheiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/01/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.87%
A presente tese tem como objetivo considerar a produção textual na área das ciências naturais de um grupo de cientistas brasileiros de meados do século XIX que participaram da Comissão Científica de Exploração formada em 1856 ou que estiveram intimamente ligados a ela, publicada no Guanabara, na Biblioteca Guanabarense, na Revista Brasileira e nos Arquivos da Palestra Científica. Procuramos preencher uma lacuna da historiografia das ciências, que até então não elegeu como foco de investigações alguns dos documentos privilegiados neste estudo. Os cientistas e personagens escolhidos para o desenvolvimento deste trabalho protagonizaram a consolidação de uma comunidade científica no Brasil, que apresentou esforços para se institucionalizar e promover trocas com os cientistas e a ciência internacionais, e estabelecer espaços para a prática científica, publicação e divulgação da ciência praticada em território brasileiro. Para melhor compreender este cenário, foram mesclados estudos sobre as trajetórias de vida de alguns dos naturalistas, algumas sociedades científicas idealizada por eles e o conteúdo de artigos publicados selecionados; This thesis aims to consider the textual production in the natural sciences area written by a group of brazilian scientists in the mid-nineteenth century who participated in the Commission for Scientific Exploration...

Classes Sociais e Estratificação Social: Algumas notas sobre o desenvolvimento da publicação científica portuguesa num domínio específico da sociologia

Roldão, Cristina
Fonte: CIES - ISCTE Publicador: CIES - ISCTE
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Publicado em //2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
O presente trabalho tem por objectivo “mapear” o campo da publicação científica portuguesa, no âmbito da sociologia das classes e da estratificação social, a partir da análise exploratória de revistas científicas. Esta análise segue duas vertentes distintas. A primeira centra-se na caracterização das estratégias metodológicas que têm vindo a ser seguidas ao longo do tempo. A segunda remete, ainda que com pouca profundidade, para uma análise do campo da publicação deste domínio da sociologia, enquanto espaço construído, partilhado/disputado por diferentes intervenientes (investigadores, revistas e respectivos centros de investigação).; The objective of this paper is to “map” the field of Portuguese scientific publishing in relation to the sociology of classes and social stratification, on the basis of an exploratory analysis of scientific journals. This analysis reflects two distinct aspects. The first focuses on a characterisation of the methodological strategies that have been followed over time. The second concerns, albeit in limited depth, an analysis of the field of publishing in this sociological area, as a space constructed, shared and disputed by different participants (researchers, journals and the respective research centres).

PLAGIARISM IN SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHING

Masic, Izet
Fonte: AVICENA Publicador: AVICENA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.05%
Scientific publishing is the ultimate product of scientist work. Number of publications and their quoting are measures of scientist success while unpublished researches are invisible to the scientific community, and as such nonexistent. Researchers in their work rely on their predecessors, while the extent of use of one scientist work, as a source for the work of other authors is the verification of its contributions to the growth of human knowledge. If the author has published an article in a scientific journal it cannot publish the article in any other journal h with a few minor adjustments or without quoting parts of the first article, which are used in another article. Copyright infringement occurs when the author of a new article with or without the mentioning the author used substantial portions of previously published articles, including tables and figures. Scientific institutions and universities should,in accordance with the principles of Good Scientific Practice (GSP) and Good Laboratory Practices (GLP) have a center for monitoring,security, promotion and development of quality research. Establish rules and compliance to rules of good scientific practice are the obligations of each research institutions,universities and every individual-researchers...

Incorporating Scientific Publishing into an Undergraduate Neuroscience Course: A Case Study Using IMPULSE

Jones, Leslie Sargent; Allen, Laura; Cronise, Kim; Juneja, Natasha; Kohn, Rebecca; McClellan, Katherine; Miller, Ashley; Nazir, Azka; Patel, Andy; Sweitzer, Sarah M.; Vickery, Erin; Walton, Anna; Young, Robert
Fonte: Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience Publicador: Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/03/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
The journal IMPULSE offers undergraduates worldwide the opportunity to publish research and serve as peer reviewers for the submissions of others. Undergraduate faculty have recognized the journal’s value in engaging students working in their labs in the publication process. However, integration of scientific publication into an undergraduate laboratory classroom setting has been lacking. We report here on a course at Ursinus College where 20 students taking Molecular Neurobiology were required to submit manuscripts to IMPULSE. The syllabus allowed for the laboratory research to coincide with the background research and writing of the manuscript. Students completed their projects on the impact of drugs on the Daphnia magna nervous system while producing manuscripts ready for submission by week 7 of the course. Findings from a survey completed by the students and perceptions of the faculty member teaching the course indicated that students spent much more time writing, were more focused on completing the assays, completed the assays with larger data sets, were more engaged in learning the scientific concepts and were more thorough with their revisions of the paper knowing that it might be published. Further, the professor found she was more thorough in critiquing students’ papers knowing they would be externally reviewed. Incorporating journal submission into the course stimulated an in depth writing experience and allowed for a deeper exploration of the topic than students would have experienced otherwise. This case study provides evidence that IMPULSE can be successfully used as a means of incorporating scientific publication into an undergraduate laboratory science course. This approach to teaching undergraduate neuroscience allows for a larger number of students to have hands-on research and scientific publishing experience than would be possible with the current model of a few students in a faculty member’s laboratory. This report illustrates that IMPULSE can be incorporated as an integral part of an academic curriculum with positive outcomes on student engagement and performance.

Open access: academic publishing and its implications for knowledge equity in Kenya

Matheka, Duncan Mwangangi; Nderitu, Joseph; Mutonga, Daniel; Otiti, Mary Iwaret; Siegel, Karen; Demaio, Alessandro Rhyll
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Traditional, subscription-based scientific publishing has its limitations: often, articles are inaccessible to the majority of researchers in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where journal subscriptions or one-time access fees are cost-prohibitive. Open access (OA) publishing, in which journals provide online access to articles free of charge, breaks this barrier and allows unrestricted access to scientific and scholarly information to researchers all over the globe. At the same time, one major limitation to OA is a high publishing cost that is placed on authors. Following recent developments to OA publishing policies in the UK and even LMICs, this article highlights the current status and future challenges of OA in Africa. We place particular emphasis on Kenya, where multidisciplinary efforts to improve access have been established. We note that these efforts in Kenya can be further strengthened and potentially replicated in other African countries, with the goal of elevating the visibility of African research and improving access for African researchers to global research, and, ultimately, bring social and economic benefits to the region. We (1) offer recommendations for overcoming the challenges of implementing OA in Africa and (2) call for urgent action by African governments to follow the suit of high-income countries like the UK and Australia...

Representations of the stem-cell cloning fraud: from scientific breakthrough to managing the stake and interest of science

Augoustinos, M.; Russin, A.; Le Couteur, A.
Fonte: IOP Publishing Ltd Publicador: IOP Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.88%
The meteoric rise of Professor Wu Sook Hwang who had claimed to have successfully cloned embryonic stem cells in two landmark papers published in Science (2004, 2005) came to an abrupt end when it was discovered that the findings reported in both papers had been deliberately fabricated. Given the heightened expectations associated with therapeutic-cloning advances and their potential for alleviating a range of illnesses, this recent case of scientific fraud generated considerable controversy and public interest across the world. This paper examines a sample of texts taken predominantly from the British newsprint media that reported on both the so-called scientific "breakthrough" (as it was initially reported) and the subsequent fraud. Using Gilbert and Mulkay’s analysis of scientists’ discourse as a theoretical framework, our analysis focuses on how competing repertoires of science were mobilized by the media and the scientific community to account for the fraud. Specifically, we demonstrate how the empiricist repertoire of science was repeatedly mobilized in the initial reporting of the stem-cell "breakthrough" which functioned to warrant the scientific veracity and promissory potential of the findings. In contrast, when this so-called "breakthrough" was discovered to be fraudulent...

El editor técnico: un perfil necesario para la profesionalización de la edición de revistas científicas en el entorno digital; The Professional editor: a profile necessary for the professionalization of academic journals publishing in the digital environment

Rodriguez Yunta, Luis; Tejada Artigas, Carlos Miguel
Fonte: Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia Publicador: Murcia: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Murcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
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45.9%
Se aboga por la profesionalidad de la gestión editorial de las revistas científicas identificando las competencias tanto profesionales como personales necesarias. Para superar las carencias de la edición de revistas científicas españolas en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, se hace necesaria una nueva mentalidad que implique “pensar en digital” y que la gestión se apoye en profesionales formados específicamente para ello. Son necesarios conocimientos tecnológicos en este entorno: XML, metadatos, formatos enriquecidos, CMS, sistemas de gestión editorial tipo OJS, nuevos formatos para la lectura en dispositivos móviles… Además otro grupo de competencias claves las encontramos en torno al conocimiento del mercado editorial científico con sus nuevos modelos de negocio y a todo lo relacionado con los derechos intelectuales. Se complementa la relación con otras habilidades necesarias relacionadas con la web social, el análisis documental y la apertura de los datos de investigación.; ABSTRACT: The article argues for the professional management in the publication of scientific journals identifying the necessary professional and personal skills. To overcome the shortcomings in the publication of Spanish scientific journals in the Humanities and Social Sciences...

Imposturas en el ecosistema de la publicación científica; Imbalance in scientific publishing

Giménez Toledo, Elea
Fonte: Universidade de Múrcia Publicador: Universidade de Múrcia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.95%
The profound changes occurring in the way in which scientists communicate their findings, as well as the changes in the publishing industry, and certainly the well-established and growing "culture of evaluation", are causes of deception, imbalance or contradictions among the various agents that make up what has been termed ecosystem of publication. What follows only a brief account. Some come from institutions, others from the publishing world, and others emerge from scientists themselves. By identifying them, one may observe the relations within this ecosystem and the influence that behaviours may have on one another. It is also possible to detect the relation of forces involved in this area and the variables available to researchers, so that they may decide whether to participate or not in a particular publication scheme.; Los profundos cambios que se están dando en la manera en que los científicos se comunican, así como las transformaciones en la industria editorial y, desde luego, la creciente y asentada "cultura de la evaluación" provocan algunas imposturas, desajustes o contradicciones en los distintos agentes que integran lo que se ha venido a denominar el ecosistema de la publicación. Las que siguen son solo algunas de ellas. Unas provienen del ámbito institucional...

Rage, rage against the dying of the light: Lyndall Urwick's scientific management

Parker, L.; Ritson, P.
Fonte: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd. Publicador: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.88%
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to analyse and critique Lyndall Urwick’s long-term advocacy of scientific management and its influence upon management thought. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: An analysis and critique of Urwick’s published writings across 60 years, on the subject of scientific management and organizations, particularly linking his work and arguments to the influence of Frederick Taylor, also positioning him relative to the thinking of leading thinkers such as Henri Fayol. FINDINGS: This paper argues that the key to understanding his legacy lies in his unique and changing definition of “scientific management”. This was broader than the definition applied by most of his contemporaries and inspired his integrationist project of assimilating Taylorist scientific management into a raft of developing schools of management thought. RESEARCH LIMITATIONS/IMPLICATIONS: Urwick’s legacy included a lifetime campaign to reconcile scientific management with succeeding schools of thought, today’s management literature stereotyping of some of his contemporary thinkers, and a contribution to management literature’s predilection for the labelling of theories and principles. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The paper argues for returning to original sources to accurately understand the intentions and arguments of early founders of many aspects of today’s management practice. It also alerts us to the proclivity of management theory and practice to opt for convenient labels that may represent a variety of historical and contemporary meanings. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The paper offers a critical reflection and assessment of the longest standing advocate of scientific management in the management literature.; Lee D. Parker and Philip Ritson

E-publishing development and changes in the scholarly communication system

Souto,Patricia Nascimento
Fonte: IBICT Publicador: IBICT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
New and alternative scientific publishing business models is a reality driven mostly by the information and communication technologies, by the movements towards the recovery of control of the scientific communication activities by the academic community, and by the open access approaches. The hybrid business model, mixing open and toll-access is a reality and they will probably co-exist with respective trade-offs. This essay discusses the changes driven by the epublishing and the impacts on the scholarly communication system stakeholders' interrelationships (publishers-researchers, publishers-libraries and publishers-users interrelationships), and the changes on the scientific publishing business models, followed by a discussion of possible evolving business models. Whatever the model which evolves and dominates, a huge cultural change in authors' and institutions publishing practices will be necessary in order to make the open access happen and to consolidate the right business models for the traditional publishers. External changes such as policies, rewarding systems and institutions mandates should also happen in order to sustain the whole changing scenario.

Archives of Drug Information—A New Approach to Publishing the Results of Drug Studies

Stein, C Michael
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Inc Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
Current scientific publishing uses a selective, slow, and adversarial editorial process to publish a minority of papers submitted, and thus maximize a journal's impact factor, a major measure of success. However, the results of many pharmaceutical industry studies are deemed low priority and are therefore difficult or impossible to publish in scientific journals. Society is poorly served because access to the results of these studies is in the public interest. Archives of Drug Information is an independent, online only journal that will publish papers that are free of bias and that provide new information about a drug. Articles that would not usually be published by traditional journals, for example articles reporting negative studies, studies reporting animal toxicity or Phase I human studies, or routine pharmacokinetic or drug interaction studies are welcome. The editorial process will be rapid and user friendly. The contents of the journal will be available freely to all. Archives of Drug Information will allow the pharmaceutical industry to publish the results of studies and make freely accessible to the public the results of research studies that would otherwise remain unavailable “on-file.” Making the results of studies available to the public is not only ethical and good scientific citizenship...

Open access and the Chemical Semantic Web

Murray-Rust, Peter
Fonte: Universidade de Cambridge Publicador: Universidade de Cambridge
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 2272 bytes; 3861189 bytes; text/html; application/zip
EN
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Abstract of an invited talk at a special session on the Future of Scientific publishing The presentation is a hypertext (XHTML) document reposited as a ZIP file. Users should download and unzip this and access it through index.html NOTE ALL MATERIAL IS AVAILABLE UNDER CREATIVE COMMONS; CINF 34: Open access and the Chemical Semantic Web Peter Murray-Rust, Unilever Centre for Molecular Informatics, University of Cambridge, University Chemical Laboratory, Lensfield Road, CB2 1EW Cambridge, United Kingdom, Fax: +44-1223-763076, pm286@cam.ac.uk, and Henry S. Rzepa, Department of Chemistry, Imperial College London We have developed the Chemical Semantic Web so that computers can understand primary publications and act upon them. An autonomous machine could read and understand an issue from J. Med. Chem., extract the information, run high-throughput computations and systematize the results leading to new scientific insights. For robots the most exciting and most tractable part of scientific publications are formalized presentations of data (e.g. analytical proof of synthesis) and supplemental data (e.g. crystallography and spectra). We argue that these are "facts" under the Berne Copyright convention and therefore re-usable without hindrance. For many decades humans have manually abstracted articles and produced compilations and we argue that robots can do the same to great communal benefit. However it appears that some publishers now see a journal as a database and may regard chemically-aware robots as unacceptable under their license terms. The public Semantic Web currently depends on complete absence of barriers to the re-use of information. Robots cannot currently negotiate license agreements...

Local varying-alpha theories

Barrow, John D.; Magueijo, Jo?o
Fonte: World Scientific Publishing Publicador: World Scientific Publishing
Tipo: Article; accepted version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.9%
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from World Scientific Publishing via http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.91.123535 Electronic version of an article published as Modern Physics Letters A, 30, 1540029 (2015) [16 pages] DOI: 10.1142/S0217732315400295 ? copyright World Scientific Publishing Company http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscinet/mpla; In a recent paper, we demonstrated how the simplest model for varying-alpha may be interpreted as the effect of a dielectric material, generalized to be consistent with Lorentz invariance. Unlike normal dielectrics, such a medium cannot change the speed of light, and its dynamics obey a Klein?Gordon equation. This work immediately suggests an extension of the standard theory, even if we require compliance with Lorentz invariance. Instead of a wave equation, the dynamics may satisfy a local algebraic relation involving the permittivity and the properties of the electromagnetic (EM) field, in analogy with more conventional dielectric (but still preserving Lorentz invariance). We develop the formalism for such theories and investigate some phenomenological implications. The problem of the divergence of the classical self-energy can be solved, or at least softened...

Das escavações à sociedade: a divulgação científica sob a ótica das crianças de Peirópolis

Bortoliero, Simone; Bejarano, Nelson Rui Ribas; Hinkle, Érika
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/12/2005 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.97%
Através da manipulação de imagens como desenhos, uso de recursos de animação gráfica e da produção de vídeos de divulgação científica, um grupo de jovens da sexta série do ensino fundamental da escola rural Frederico Peiró da comunidade de Peirópolis, distante 30 km de Uberaba, no Triângulo Mineiro, expressa suas concepções científicas espontâneas sobre a formação geológica da Terra, o surgimento de dinossauros, a reprodução e alimentação de animais rurais e o entendimento sobre poluição na comunidade onde estão inseridos. As concepções espontâneas desses jovens acerca de temas científicos associados às diferentes atividades propostas pela pesquisa resultaram em três vídeos de divulgação científica: Dinossauros, Águas de Peirópolis e Mundo Rural. Os vídeos foram produzidos e idealizados no período de julho de 2000 a julho de 2001, com suporte técnico e apoio de pesquisa da Pró-Reitoria de Pesquisa e Extensão da Universidade de Uberaba no Estado de Minas Gerais.; Trough manipulation of images such as drawings, the use of graphic animation and video making resources for scientific publishing, a group of teenagers who attend 6th level of elementary school at Frederico Peiró rural school situated in Peirópolis community...

Japonica Rice: Intellectual Property, Scientific Publishing and Data-sharing

Rimmer, Matthew
Fonte: Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis Group Publicador: Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This article examines a series of controversies within the life sciences over data sharing. Part 1 focuses upon the agricultural biotechnology firm Syngenta publishing data on the rice genome in the journal Science, and considers proposals to reform scientific publishing and funding to encourage data sharing. Part 2 examines the relationship between intellectual property rights and scientific publishing, in particular

Books as means of scientific publishing; El libro como medio de producción académica; Le livre comme modalité de production académique; Livros à mão cheia: o livro como veículo de produção acadêmica

Menandro, Paulo Rogério Meira; Yamamoto, Oswaldo Hajime; Tourinho, Emmanuel Zagury; Bastos, Antônio Virgílio Bittencourt
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Psicologia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2011 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.9%
El texto analiza la importancia del libro como medio de producción académica. Se presentan argumentos a favor de la idea que los periódicos y libros, en diversas áreas del conocimiento, son medios complementarios de propagación de la producción científica con funciones relevantes para el desarrollo de la ciencia, la formación y actualización profesional. Se describe y comenta la metodología adoptada en los últimos años para la evaluación de los libros publicados en el contexto de posgrado en Psicología.; O texto discute a importância do livro como modalidade de produção acadêmica. São apresentados argumentos em favor da visão de que periódicos e livros, em diversas áreas de conhecimento, constituem formas de veiculação de produção científica que se complementam no cumprimento de funções relevantes para o desenvolvimento da ciência e para a formação e atualização de profissionais. A metodologia adotada nos últimos anos para a avaliação dos livros produzidos no âmbito da pós-graduação em Psicologia é descrita e comentada.; This essay discusses the importance of books as means of scientific publishing. Arguments are presented which favors the view that periodicals and books, in several areas of knowledge...

Scientific publishing in the light of economic concepts; O Mercado editorial científico à luz dos conceitos econômicos

da Encarnação, Jackeline Ferreira; Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing
Fonte: UFSC Publicador: UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artigo Avaliado pelos Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.9%
This paper aims to analyze the existence of the scientific publishing market and its need for internationalization in light of economic concepts, having in view settings as information asymmetry and market failures. The conclusion of this study is that government intervention leads to scientific productivity, however, does not lead to internationalization.; http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8085.2013v16n2p89Esse trabalho tem por objetivo analisar a existência do mercado editorial científico e sua necessidade de internacionalização à luz dos conceitos econômicos, tendo em vista definições como assimetria de informação e falhas de mercado. A conclusão deste estudo, é que a intervenção governamental leva a produtividade científica, no entanto, não conduz a internacionalização.

A cadeia produtiva do conhecimento científico: implicações econômica, sociológicas e técnicas / The knowledge production chain: economical, sociological and technical implications

Xavier, Rodolfo Coutinho Moreira; Costa, Rubenildo Oliveira da; Unicamp
Fonte: Ibict Publicador: Ibict
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Discussão e Pequisa Empírica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/09/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.04%
Resumo Versa sobre o controle do conhecimento científico pelas editoras e\ou provedores comerciais. Analisa-se as relações econômicas entre a produção, distribuição e uso da informação na cadeia produtiva do conhecimento, para compreender a lógica que sustenta essa indústria. Discute-se a revisão pelos pares e o círculo vicioso, envolvendo uma explicita apropriação privada dos recursos públicos destinados à pesquisa, na qual o Estado “paga, no mínimo, três vezes” para subsidiar o seu progresso científico e tecnológico, custeando não só a produção científica como também o seu posterior acesso e recuperação online, e por último sua posse em formato impresso, por meio de caríssimas assinaturas. Por último, apresenta-se uma contribuição empírica sobre a área brasileira de Física, sugerindo que seus principais periódicos são comerciais; as citações da produção brasileira refletem o mesmo comportamento de citação da base do Institute for Scientific Information, com todos os seus vieses.Palavras-chave Indústria da informação; editoras científicas comerciais; bases de dados; produção científica; periódicos científicos.Abstract It is about the control of knowledge by publishing and/or commercial providers. It examines the relationship between economic production...

Presidential Address: Truth and error in scientific publishing

Jones,R.T.
Fonte: Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Publicador: Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
Scientific progress relies on the publication of ideas and experimental results that can be replicated, tested, and improved over time. The first printed book on metallurgy to have been published in Europe is considered to be De la Pirotechnia, written in Italian by Vannoccio Biringuccio, and published in Venice in 1540. Together with De Re Metallica, written by Georgius Agricola and published in Latin in 1556, this can be considered to mark the start of scientific and technical literature in this field. Scientific publishing of journal papers has been in existence for 350 years, since the world's oldest and longest-running scientific journal, the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, was first published in London in 1665. The nature of scientific societies has changed significantly since the early days when regular meetings were held to discuss science and conduct experiments, and the reading of scientific papers took place, and publication of papers was undertaken to record the proceedings of meetings, often including rather robust debate. In today's world, there is a plethora of publications, and it is close to impossible for anyone to keep up with the vast flow of information. International conferences with hundreds of presentations have taken the place of the local meetings that used to discuss a single paper or experiment. In this frenetic environment...