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The feature of papers and citation analysis of eleven journals in tropical medicine indexed by Science Citation Index Expanded

Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2005 EN
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To determine the features of papers, authors, and citation of eleven journals in tropical medicine indexed by Science Citation Index Expanded, the database of the Institute for Scientific Information, we analyzed original articles, editorials, reviews, corrections, letters, biographies, and news published in these journals. The results show that these journals covered 107 countries or regions on six continents. The average number of reference was 23.05, with 87.89% of the references from periodicals. The Price Index was 31.43% and the self-citing rate was 7.02%. The references in the first 20 journals ranked by the amount of citation accounted for 36.71% of the total citations. Brazil, United States, India, and England are more advanced in tropical medicine research. The conclusion is that these journals covered most research done in these countries or regions. Most researches were done by cooperation of the researchers, but many of the publications used outdated articles and should include newer information.

On the Borders: Surgeons and their Activities in the Venetian State (1540–1640)

Bartolini, Donatella
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2015 EN
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Through the biographies of a dynasty of practitioners who were active in some of the mountainous villages of the Venetian Terraferma the article brings to light unknown aspects of the professional world of surgeons. Their activities were profoundly influenced by the economic and geographic peculiarities of the territory where they lived and worked. Provincial towns and their territories offered professional opportunities both to licensed and to non-university trained practitioners. However, it was generally in small villages, especially those situated in border areas and part of the main commercial networks, that surgeons preferred to establish their practices, thus supplementing the medical services supplied by the town. Normally their knowledge was largely empirical and was transmitted from father to son. The apprenticeship-based training does not appear alternative to the academic education typical of learned practitioners: much evidence points to the existence of ‘scientific autodidacts’, self-taught practitioners who possessed and read medical texts or had attended academic courses, even if only in part. Practising surgery in this area was a highly mobile activity, stretching from the village to the neighbouring valleys, and even to areas outside the boundaries of the city and across the border of the Venetian state. Surgeons...

Verletzungsmanagement im Spitzensport. Eine systemtheoretisch-konstruktivistische Analyse mit Fallstudien aus den Sportarten Leichtathletik und Handball.; Pain and injury management in elite sports. A systems-theoretical and constructivist analysis with case studies in professional athletics and handball.

Mayer, Jochen
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
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Problemstellung Schmerzen, Beschwerden und Verletzungen sind ein alltägliches Phänomen im Spitzensport. Ausgehend von Hinweisen auf einen aus medizinischer Sicht höchst problematischen Umgang mit Schmerzen und Verletzungen durch Athleten und ihr Umfeld werden in der vorliegenden Arbeit Möglichkeiten und Grenzen eines ganzheitlichen Verletzungsmanagements im Spitzensport beleuchtet. Dabei stehen Fragen der verletzungsbezogenen Entscheidungspraxis und ihrer psychosozialen Entscheidungsbedingungen im Mittelpunkt. Obwohl diese Thematik eine hohe Relevanz für die spitzensportliche Praxis besitzt, ist die sozialwissenschaftliche Auseinandersetzung mit Fragen der Diagnose, Behandlung und Prävention von Sportverletzungen bislang unzureichend. Theoretischer Zugang Vor dem Hintergrund eines komplexen Gegenstandsbereichs setzt sich die Arbeit auf Basis eines systemtheoretisch-konstruktivistischen Zugangs mit dem Forschungsproblem auseinander. Dabei wird insbesondere auf entscheidungs-, management- und konflikttheoretische Ansätze zurückgegriffen. Aufbauend auf methodologischen Vorüberlegungen erfolgt im ersten Teil der Arbeit die Ausarbeitung eines mehrperspektivischen Erklärungsmodells zum Verletzungsmanagement im Spitzensport. In diesen Rahmen werden die zentralen Begrifflichkeiten Schmerz...

Las TIC (Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación) y los estudios biográficos; ICTs (Information and Communication Technologies) and biographical studies

Fresquet Febrer, José Luis
Fonte: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España) Publicador: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 270228 bytes; application/pdf
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Final version of the paper at: http://asclepio.revistas.csic.es/index.php/asclepio/article/view/37/36; Este trabajo aborda la utilidad de las TIC (tecnologías de la información y la comunicación) para la investigación y difusión de los trabajos de tipo biográfico. Lo hemos dividido en tres partes: a) internet y el trabajo cooperativo para la elaboración de biografías; b) difusión de trabajos biográficos en internet; y c) espacios biográficos en internet.; This paper is on usefulness of ICTs (information and communication technologies) for biographical research and its diffusion. Three different parts constitute the body of the paper: (a) internet and co-operative work in elaboration of biographies; (b) internet diffusion of biographical works, where a case study shows possibilities of diffusion and dissemination of biographical materials; and (c) internet biographical sites.; Peer reviewed

Biography and Homoeopathy in Bengal: Colonial Lives of a European Heterodoxy

Das, S.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Article; accepted version
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This is the accepted manuscript. The final version is available from CUP at http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0026749X14000572; Despite being recognised as a significant literary mode in understanding the advent of modern self, biographies as a genre have received relatively less attention from South Asian historians. Likewise, histories of science and healing in British India have largely ignored the colonial trajectories of those sectarian, dissenting, supposedly pseudo-sciences and medical heterodoxies that flourished in Europe since the late eighteenth century. This article addresses these gaps in the historiography to identify biographies as a principal mode through which an incipient, ?heterodox? western science like homoeopathy could consolidate and sustain itself in Bengal. In recovering the cultural history of a category that the state archives render largely invisible, this article contends biographies as more than a mere repository of individual lives, and to be a veritable site of power. In bringing histories of print and publishing, histories of medicine and histories of life writing practices together, it pursues two broad themes: First, it analyses the sociocultural strategies and networks by which scientific doctrines and concepts are translated across cultural borders. It explores the relation between medical commerce...