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Leadership of portuguese community schools in the East Coast of the United States and the public policies of education: a multiple case studies

Bento, António Maria Veloso
Fonte: Academic Star Publishing Company Publicador: Academic Star Publishing Company
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
The Portuguese community schools of the United States located in the areas of larger Portuguese population concentration are social organizations that come materializing throughout decades the designs of the educative policies of the Portuguese government in relation to the expansion and preservation of the language, the culture and the history of Portugal. These designs of the educative policies are enrolled in the Constitution of the Republic (1976), in the Basic Law of Educative System (1986) and, over all, in the successive legislative norms (Decree-laws and ordinances) of the successive governments. Portuguese community schools in the United States are structuralized in analogous way to schools of the Portuguese geographic space. For this qualitative study (multiple case), four directors of Portuguese schools of the East Coast of the United States were interviewed; two schools are in the state of Rhode Island and the other two are in the state of Massachusetts. Also, it was administered the questionnaire on practices of leadership “Leadership Practices Inventory” (LPI) of Kouzes and Posner (2002) to collect additional data about practices of leadership on the directors of the schools. The LPI evaluates practices of leadership classifying them in five domains: (a) Model the way; (b) Inspire a shared vision; (c) Challenge the process; (d) Enable others to act; and...

O caso das escolas Waldorf: identidade visual além dos signos gráficos; The case of Waldorf schools: visual identity beyond the graphic signs

Kamimura, Sérgio Kooji
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/04/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
A identidade visual das escolas Waldorf, que constituem unidades independentes entre si, é construída de uma forma diferente da que ocorre em outras escolas. Elas apresentam uma série de manifestações visuais espontâneas, que as fazem ser reconhecidas como parte de um todo. Nesta pesquisa qualitativa procurou-se compreender que manifestações visuais são essas e de que forma elas ajudam na construção das identidades visuais dessas instituições. Buscou-se também entender como tais identidades se relacionam com os preceitos filosóficos desta pedagogia específica. Nas pesquisas exploratórias realizou-se um levantamento que abordou determinadas escolas particulares na cidade de São Paulo, de modo a se compreender o contexto em que as escolas Waldorf se inserem: um universo que apresenta variedade e exuberância de estilos gráficos. Para esta compreensão, foi necessário classificar estas escolas com critérios relacionados à sua modalidade de administração - escolas autônomas ou componentes de um sistema de ensino com administração central. As instituições também foram classificadas quanto a sua orientação: religiosa, comunitária, "internacional" e/ou bilíngue. Finalmente, as escolas foram classificadas quanto à orientação pedagógica/filosófica. Foram feitas então pesquisas bibliográficas acerca dos conceitos e estratégias de marca...

Drogas na adolescencia : analise do uso de substancia quimicas entre adolescentes estudantes de escolas publicas e particulares de Campinas, SP; Drugs in the adolescence : analyse of the chemical substances use between adolescent students of public and private schools of Campinas, SP

Maria Alice de Araujo Armani
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Objetivo: Pesquisar, entre adolescentes de diferentes níveis sócio-culturais, estudantes de escolas públicas e privadas, uso de medicações específicas (fórmulas laboratoriais que visam emagrecimento, inibidores do apetite, ?orlistat?, anabólicos e esteróides, laxantes, diuréticos), tabagismo, consumo de bebidas alcoólicas, início de vida sexual, prevenção de gestações e DST e utilização de métodos anticoncepcionais. Métodos: Foi realizada uma pesquisa entre adolescentes estudantes do sexo feminino, com idades de 14 a 18 anos, sendo 171 de duas escolas públicas e 105 de três escolas privadas de distintas regiões de Campinas, SP, aplicando-se a elas um questionário elaborado que buscou elucidar as referidas indagações, com prévia entrega de Termos de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido. As respostas obtidas foram colocadas em banco de dados e submetidas a análise estatística específica. Resultados: No estudo, referiam tabagismo 26,32% (n=45) das alunas de escolas públicas e 28,57% (n=30) das alunas de escolas particulares. Afirmava uso de algum tipo de bebida alcoólica 80,70% (n=138) das alunas de escolas públicas e 94,29% (n=99) das alunas de escolas particulares. Foi relatada influência de amigos e familiares para ambos os hábitos. Em relação ao questionamento sobre modelagem corporal...

A organização do trabalho didático nas escolas isoladas paulistas : 1893 a 1932; The organization of didactic work in Isolated Schools Paulist : 1893-1932

Maria Angélica Cardoso
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
Esta pesquisa tem por objeto a organização do trabalho didático nas escolas isoladas paulistas. Fundamentando-se no método histórico-crítico, estabeleceu a organização do trabalho didático como categoria de análise, objetivando analisar a história e a forma como as escolas isoladas se organizaram didaticamente, no período de 1893 a 1932. Ao partir da tese de que as escolas isoladas carregaram vestígios do método lancasteriano (ou mútuo), tornou-se necessário um recuo ao Período Imperial, aprofundando o estudo sobre as escolas de primeiras letras para, em seguida, investigar as escolas isoladas. Para tanto, foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica tendo como referência teórica os trabalhos de Saviani (2008); Alves (2001, 2005); Neves (2003); Marcílio (2005); Bastos e Faria Filho (1999); Souza (1998, 2006, 2009); Reis Filho (1995); Infantosi (1983); Nagle (1976); Schelbauer (1998). Os documentos constantes no Arquivo do Estado de São Paulo (AESP) foram as fontes primárias consultadas. No primeiro período republicano, a necessidade de universalização da instrução pública levou à criação dos grupos escolares, que atendiam, inicialmente, os grandes centros urbanos; para os centros menores e bairros populosos...

An investigation into the use of I.C.T. in teaching and learning In special schools in Munster

Cooper, Cathy
Fonte: University of Limerick, Department of Education and Professional Studies Publicador: University of Limerick, Department of Education and Professional Studies
Tipo: Master thesis (Taught); all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations; none
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
non-peer-reviewed; We live in an ever increasingly technologically dependent world. It is essential therefore that our young people are educated to appreciate the uses and the potential of I.C.T. in enhancing all our lives. This investigation looks at the use of I.C.T. in special schools in Munster, examining teacher‘s attitudes towards I.C.T. and how they already implement I.C.T. in their classrooms today. It also sets out to find what, if any, barriers are now in place which prevent or hinder that use. Thirty-three special schools were identified in Munster and all teachers in these schools were sent a postal questionnaire. Two teachers were observed using I.C.T. in their classes and two interviews were conducted with teachers in special schools. The resulting data were then gathered together and examined. The investigation identified a number of barriers to the successful implementation of I.C.T. in teaching and learning which exist in our special schools, namely: inadequate teacher training in the area of I.C.T.; inadequate resources appropriate to learners with S.E.N.; access to professional support in the area of assistive technology; access to professional support in the form of National I.T. & Special Needs Advisory Service and the Regional I.C.T. Advisory Service; inadequate technical support; inadequate funding for special schools. This study suggest that special schools should be looked at in a different light to mainstream schools when it comes to resourcing as the needs of a special school are more diverse and specialised...

Students and the Market for Schools in Haiti

Demombynes, Gabriel; Holland, Peter; Leon, Gianmarco
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
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Uniquely among Latin American and Caribbean countries, Haiti has a largely non-public education system. Prior to the earthquake of January 2010, just 19 percent of primary school students were enrolled in public schools, with the remainder enrolled in a mix of religious, for-profit, and non-governmental organization-funded schools. This paper examines changes in Haitian schooling patterns in the last century and shows the country experienced tremendous growth in school attainment, driven almost entirely by growth in the private sector. Additionally, it provides evidence that the private market "works" to the extent that primary school fees are higher for schools with characteristics associated with education quality. The paper also analyzes the demand and supply determinants of school attendance and finds that household wealth is a major determinant of attendance. Given these findings, the authors conclude that in the near-term paying school fees for poor students may be an effective approach to expanding schooling access in Haiti.

Education in Sub-Saharan Africa : Comparing Faith-Inspired, Private Secular, and Public Schools

Wodon, Quentin
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
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The purpose of this study is to build a stronger evidence base on the role of faith-inspired, private secular, and public schools in sub-Saharan Africa using nationally representative household surveys as well as qualitative data. Six main findings emerge from the study: (1) Across a sample of 16 countries, the average market share for faith-inspired schools is at 10-15 percent, and the market share for private secular schools is of a similar order of magnitude; (2) On average faith-inspired schools do not reach the poor more than other groups; they also do not reach the poor more than public schools, but they do reach the poor significantly more than private secular schools; (3) The cost of faith-inspired schools for households is higher than that of public schools, possibly because of a lack of access to public funding, but lower than that of private secular schools; (4) Faith-inspired and private secular schools have higher satisfaction rates among parents than public schools; (5) Parents using faith-inspired schools place a stronger emphasis on religious education and moral values; and (6) Students in faith-inspired and private schools perform better than those in public schools, but this may be due in part to self-selection.

Public, Private, and Faith-Inspired Schools in Ghana : A Comparative Assessment

Adoho, Franck; Tsimpo, Clarence; Wodon, Quentin
Fonte: Taylor and Francis Publicador: Taylor and Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
There is no doubt that the contribution of private schools, both faith-inspired and secular, is significant in Africa: private schools fill a gap left by insufficient public education and they provide choice to households. Yet detailed evidence on their market share and characteristics is often not available. How large is the market share of private secular and faith-inspired schools (FISs) in Africa in comparison to public schools? Is it correct to assume that while private secular schools are often affordable only for wealthier families, FISs do reach the poor and provide services at low cost to households? Is it also correct to assume that the education provided by private schools, whether faith-inspired or secular, is on average of better quality than that provided by public schools, or at least that the satisfaction of parents with the schooling provided to their children is higher in private schools than in public schools? The purpose of this article is to consider these questions through a case study of Ghana.

School-Based Management, School Decision-Making and Education Outcomes in Indonesian Primary Schools

Chen, Dandan
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper examines the key aspects of the practices of school-based management in Indonesia, and its effect on education quality. Using a conceptual framework of an accountability system of public service delivery, the paper explores the relations among Indonesian parents, school committees, schools, and government education supervisory bodies from three tenets: participation and voice; autonomy; and accountability. Using the data from a nationally representative survey of about 400 public primary schools in Indonesia, the paper finds that the level of parental participation and voice in school management is extremely low in Indonesia. While the role of school committees is still limited to community relations, school facilities, and other administrative areas of school management, school principals, together with teachers, are much more empowered to assert professional control of the schools. The accountability system has remained weak in Indonesia's school system, which is reflected by inadequate information flow to parents...

How Do Government and Private Schools Differ? Findings from Two Large Indian States

Goyal, Sangeeta; Pandey, Priyanka
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This paper uses survey data from representative samples of government and private schools in two states of India, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, to explore systematic differences between the two school types. The authors find that private school students have higher test scores than government school students. However, in both private and government schools the overall quality is low and learning gains from one grade to the next are small. There is large variation in the quality of both school types; and observed school and teacher characteristics are weakly correlated with learning outcomes. There is considerable sorting among students, and those from higher socio-economic strata select into private schools. Private schools have lower pupil-teacher ratios and seven to eight times' lower teacher salaries but do not differ systematically in infrastructure and teacher effort from government schools. Most of the variation in teacher effort is within schools and is weakly correlated with observed teacher characteristics such as education...

Is Optimization an Opportunity? An Assessment of the Impact of Class Size and School Size on the Performance of Ukrainian Secondary Schools

Coupe, Tom; Olefir, Anna; Alonso, Juan Diego
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Using a rich data set of almost the entire population of Ukrainian secondary schools, the authors estimate the effect of school size and class size on the performance of secondary schools on Ukraine's External Independent Test. They find that larger schools tend to have somewhat better performance, both in terms of test scores and in terms of test participation. The size of this effect is relatively small, however, especially in rural areas for which the estimates are likely to be more clean estimates. Class size is found to be insignificant in most specifications and, if significant, of negligible size.

Pakistan : Can Low-Cost Private Schools Improve Learning?

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
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36.6%
Education is central to giving children the building blocks for a life free of poverty. When schools fail to deliver quality education, children are left without the skills and knowledge they need to realize their capabilities and become productive adults. This isn't just a problem of insufficient supplies or poor facilities. Policymakers and education experts in developing countries often grapple with the problems of accountability: it can be hard to create mechanisms for holding schools responsible for student achievement, but across the world, promising innovations are being introduced. The World Bank is working hard to help countries meet the United Nations Millennium Goal of universal primary education, and to ensure that schools teach effectively and students can learn. To understand whether low-cost private schools can improve access to education and promote student learning especially in cases where public schools aren't succeeding the World Bank carried out an evaluation of a new public-private education partnership in Pakistan at the request of the government. Private schools in the program receive a per-student monthly subsidy in exchange for waiving tuition for all students and meeting a minimum pass rate in a standardized academic test administered to students.

Haiti : Can Non-Public Schools Fill the Gap for Poor Children?

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Brief
ENGLISH; EN_US
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Worldwide, some 57 million primary school age children don't have the chance to go to school. Many factors hold these children back: poverty, poor health and overcrowded or faraway facilities. The problem is most acute in Sub-Saharan Africa, where some 30 million primary school age children aren't enrolled, but many countries in other regions are also still struggling to reach universal primary school enrollment. In some places, education experts and policymakers are looking to low-cost private schools- whether run by private providers, faith-bases groups or non-governmental organizations to educate more children, especially where the public system is unable to do so. In order to make private schools accessible, governments usually set a per student subsidy that is supposed to cover tuition. In turn, schools agree to charge fees to families. Development experts and policymakers have to consider numerous issues before implementing such approaches, from how to reach the target population to how to ensure schools maintain quality standards...

Evaluating the Impact of Mexico's Quality Schools Program : The Pitfalls of Using Nonexperimental Data

Skoufias, Emmanuel; Shapiro, Joseph
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
The authors evaluate whether increasing school resources and decentralizing management decisions at the school level improves learning in a developing country. Mexico's Quality Schools Program (PEC), following many other countries and U.S. states, offers US$15,000 grants for public schools to implement five-year improvement plans that the school's staff and community design. Using a three-year panel of 74,700 schools, the authors estimate the impact of the PEC on dropout, repetition, and failure using two common nonexperimental methods-regression analysis and propensity score matching. The methods provide similar but nonidentical results. The preferred estimator, difference-in-differences with matching, reveals that participation in the PEC decreases dropout by 0.24 percentage points, failure by 0.24 percentage points, and repetition by 0.31 percentage points-an economically small but statistically significant impact. The PEC lacks measurable impact on outcomes in indigenous schools. The results suggest that a combination of increased resources and local management can produce small improvements in school outcomes, though perhaps not in the most troubled school systems.

Social Audits in Nepal's Community Schools : Measuring Policy Against Practice

Prasad Kafle, Agni; Patel, Darshana; Agarwal, Sanjay
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.61%
Nepal s publicly-funded schools have been managed by community-level stakeholders since 1950 when Nepal first adopted a demo¬cratic system of government. Subsequent changes to legislation and policy have further devolved school management to the com¬munity level, including the provision of financial resources to support decision making by school-level committees. In addition to these reforms, each community school is now required to conduct an annual social audit. Community School National Network (CSNN), a national Nepali NGO with expertise in social accountability approaches, conducted a pilot of 60 schools in three districts (Kaski, Dolakha, and Nawalparasi) to assess gaps in the implementation of social audits by schools as specified in the Guidelines for the Social Auditing of the Schools issued by the Ministry of Education (MoE) of the Government of Nepal. In each of the three districts studied, 70 80 percent of the entire school budget is community-funded. Approximately 83 percent of community schools conducted social audits in the academic year 2008 09. Their implementation varied between the three districts but gaps were usu¬ally due to poor capacity and lack of information about community-level responsibilities. CSNN led a capacity-building initiative at the national...

Autonomy, Participation, and Learning in Argentine Schools : Findings and Their Implications for Decentralization

Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Filmer, Deon
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.62%
According to a theoretical model, school autonomy and parental participation in schools, can increase student learning through separate channels. Greater school autonomy increases the rent that can be distributed among stakeholders in the school, while institutions for parental participation (such as school board) empower parents to command a larger share of this surplus - for example, through student learning. Using a rich cross-sectional data set from Argentine schools (sixth and seventh grades), the authors find that autonomy, and participation raise student test scores for a given level of inputs, in a multiplicative way, consistent with the model. Autonomy has a direct effect on learning (but not for very low levels of participation), while participation affects learning only through the mediation of the effect of autonomy. The results are robust to a variety of robustness checks, and for sub-samples of children from poor households, children of uneducated mothers, schools with low mean family wealth, and public schools. It is possible that autonomy...

The Impact of Private Provision of Public Education : Empirical Evidence from Bogotá's Concession Schools

Barrera-Osorio, Felipe
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.64%
In 1999 the city of Bogota, Colombia launched the concession school program designed to broaden the coverage and quality of basic education. It consists of a contract between a group of private schools and the public educational system such that private agents provide education for low-income students. This paper tests three main hypotheses concerning the impact of concessions on the quality of education: first, dropout rates are lower in concession schools than in similar public schools; second, other public schools nearby the concession schools have lower dropout rates in comparison with other public schools outside the area of influence; and third, test scores from concession schools are higher than scores in similar public schools. The paper presents evidence in favor of the three hypotheses using propensity score and matching estimators.

Promising Strategies for Partnership: Can Durham district and charter schools collaborate to improve opportunities for all children?

Thigpen, Magan
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 21/04/2014
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This report examines collaborative actions that Durham Public Schools (DPS), charter schools and other stakeholders can take to promote equitable access to high-quality learning opportunities for all of Durham’s students. The report proposes that Durham’s education leaders convene a taskforce of stakeholders to jointly consider how collaborative action between the school district and area charter schools could improve educational outcomes for all of Durham’s children. The proposed taskforce would include a wide range of perspectives including DPS, Durham charter schools, non-profit organizations, local political action committees and parents. Led by a neutral facilitator, the taskforce would form subcommittees to study key topics that are of interest and concern among Durham’s education community. By the end of the 10-month taskforce, each subcommittee would have a set of recommendations for actions that could be taken at DPS, charter schools and across Durham to strengthen schools and serve all kids. Many proposed actions would likely involve collaborative effort from DPS and some (or all) Durham charter schools. By collaborating, this group could aspire to move away from historic divisions and tensions between the school district and charter schools. Engaging in a taskforce also positions leaders to maximize operational efficiencies and enhance knowledge across schools by sharing expertise and engaging in mutual learning and problem solving. This effort could demonstrate to the community that DPS and charter schools are committed...

Delaware Middle Schools Beating the Odds

Grusenmeyer, Linda; Fifield, Steve; Murphy, Aideen; Nian, Qinghua; Qian, Xiaoyu
Fonte: Delaware Education Research & Development Center Publicador: Delaware Education Research & Development Center
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The investigation identified Delaware public and charter middle schools across the state which outperformed other Delaware middle schools with similar student demographic profiles. Teachers and administrators at six of these "Beating the Odds" schools and at six comparison middle schools were surveyed regarding their schools characteristics and practices. In a second phase of the study, principals, teachers and students from the six "Beating the Odds" schools were interviewed to determine what they believe accounts for their school’s success. The study found that significantly more educators from “Beating the Odds” schools agreed that 18 specific practices and beliefs were typical of their schools when compared to educators from comparison schools. Fourteen of these related to three domains: high expectations, data use, and collaboration. Also, the two samples of schools differed in the intensity of their responses. That is, “Beating the Odds” school respondents “strongly agreed” significantly more often than comparison school respondents to over 80% of the survey items. Twenty-six of these items fell under the domains of teacher role, leadership, district influence, and instructional support. Finally, while participants in on-site interviews described essential local differences...

University-affiliated schools as sites for research learning in pre-service teacher education

Henning,Elizabeth; Petker,Gadija; Petersen,Nadine
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2015 EN
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This article proposes that the 'teaching/practice schools' formally affiliated to initial teacher education programmes at universities, can be utilised more optimally as research sites by student teachers. The argument is put forward with reference to the role that such schools have played historically in teacher education in the United States (US), and more recently, in the successful Finnish teacher education system, in which research is highly valued as a requisite part of a teaching qualification. The authors propose that the single component of these schools, which has historically distinguished them from schools for work integrated learning (WIL), is that they are also research spaces and have retained some of the 'lab' character of earlier schools, such as the one established by John Dewey. In such schools, the authors argue, students learn to be reflective practitioners by positioning themselves as researchers, who reflect on practice in a research-rich environment. In a pilot study, the authors found that university and school personnel hold different views about research in the schools. The article recommends that careful consideration be given to the research function in these public schools as part of teacher training.