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Leadership and ethics : a comparative study of leader moral values and organizational culture

Hilliard, Donald P. (Donald Patrick), 1957-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 210 p.; 9910345 bytes; 9910152 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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As corporate and government organizations move into the 21st Century, they face an environment of growing complexity. However, despite a number of recent and highly visible scandals, the moral and ethical culture associated with contemporary organizational life is not often discussed in either the academic literature or in the popular managerial writings. The intent of this thesis is to examine the challenge I believe moral relativism poses to older ethical tradition based on a belief in and commitment to absolute moral standards. This thesis discusses the moral values espoused and practiced by organizational leaders. My methods include reviewing several literatures, conducting interviews and building formal models. All serve the goal of examining the moral fabric (or lack thereof) that stands behind the actions of organizational leaders. In the end, recommendations are made for strengthening the ethics and moral competency of all organizational members.; by Donald P. Hilliard.; Thesis (M.B.A.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management, 2004.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 203-206).

Strategic challenges of the Japanese investment banking industry

Suehiro, Yasutaka, 1962-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 89 leaves; 4046600 bytes; 4046405 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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Since the collapse of the bubble economy in 1990, Japanese securities houses have suffered serious damage and have not been able to keep up with the progress of the global investment banking industry. During this period, foreign investment banks have grown rapidly, diversified the coverage of business, and expanded to the global market. Japanese investment banks were first developed in the late 1990s, after the "lost decade". They have competed with Japanese and foreign rivals mainly in the domestic market. This thesis explores both the external and internal strategic challenges confronting a Japanese investment bank seeking to survive and become a global player in the industry. First it confirms the findings of a recent stuffy of the Japanese investment banking industry and then explores two key lessons learned from historical experience in U.K. and U.S. financial markets. The current policy of Japanese government is also reviewed. With regard to the analysis of future challenges of Japanese investment banks, this thesis employs the game approach to understanding external challenges while the learning approach is applied to better understand internal challenges.; by Yasutaka Suehiro.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

What drives hedge fund returns? : models of flows, autocorrelation, optimal size, limits to arbitrage and fund failures

Getmansky, Mila
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 187 p.; 7200947 bytes; 7200754 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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Hedge funds provide an opportunity for investing with few government regulations and high potential returns. Since 1980 this has lead to the dramatic, 25% annual increase in the number of hedge funds, and with nearly $700 billion managed by hedge funds in 2003. However, high risks associated with hedge fund strategies, competition and limited arbitrage opportunities contributed to an annual attrition rate of 7.10%. In this thesis, models were developed and tested that describe characteristics of fund returns, fund flows, optimal size and the life cycles of hedge funds. The TASS hedge fund database provided by the Tremont Company was used for analysis. In Essay One, it was found that hedge fund returns are highly serially correlated compared to the returns of more traditional investment vehicles such as mutual funds. Several sources of such high serial correlation were explored and the research illustrated that the most likely explanation of this derived from asset illiquidity and smoothing of returns. Illiquid securities are not actively traded and market prices are not always available for them. In the case of smoothing, brokers or managers have the flexibility to report partial returns. Consequently, for portfolios of illiquid or smoothed securities...

International economic effects of halting the voyage of CSAV RIO PUELO

Jones, Eric C. (Eric Cooper)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 92 p.; 680913 bytes; 680308 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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On July 31, 2004, the United States Coast Guard stopped the container ship CSAV RIO PUELO off of the Port of New York and New Jersey. The intervention occurred after the United States Department of Agriculture received information that an on board container of Argentine lemons carried a "harmful biological substance." The ship was held at anchor for six days as officials tested containers and weighed options of how to best prevent the release of a hazardous substance. Although the information which triggered the government response later proved to be a hoax, the economic damage to particular businesses was quite real. This thesis explores the broad range of costs - direct, indirect and intangible - incurred by businesses up and down supply chains within the shipping industry. Because the United States government may seek to recover its incident response costs, these intervention expenses have been included as well. The costs reported here were obtained by interviewing representatives of the businesses and government agencies involved in the incident. The case provides decision makers in both business and government a detailed example of the economic costs (real and potential) of Homeland Security interventions leading, presumably, to more informed policy and practice.; by Eric C. Jones.; Thesis (M.B.A.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Innovating government : migration, development and the state in Morocco and Mexico, 1963-2005; Migration, development and the state in Morocco and Mexico, 1963-2005

Iskander, Natasha N. (Natasha Nefertiti), 1972-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 448 p.; 33916704 bytes; 33936479 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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Mexico and Morocco have some of the longest standing and most advanced policies linking the emigration of their low-skilled workers to their national and sub-national economic development. In my dissertation, I examine the processes through which the governments of both countries designed the migration and development policies now being emulated by sending countries around the world as models of "best practice." Based on multi-sited longitudinal case studies of the main migration and development policies deployed by both countries, I follow current policy instruments back through their earlier - including failed -- iterations as well as through the multiple geographic and national spaces in both migration sending and receiving areas where those policies were implemented. I argue that Moroccan and Mexican processes of migration and development policy elaboration suggest a need to re-consider the purchase of current models of policy formulation. Most representations of policy design depict a process best described as analytic. Policy makers analyze a problem, identify solutions, and then evaluate their effectiveness. However, the Moroccan and Mexican experiences with crafting migration and development policy, with all of their messy indeterminacy...

Growth of Indian microfinance : a case-study-based review of trends and challenges

Maroju, Venkateshwarlu
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 69 leaves
ENG
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The microfinance industry in India experienced extraordinary evolution throughout the 1990s and into the new century, and it is now entering a new phase of rapid expansion. But there is still a huge gap between the demand for and supply of microfinance services in India. With its enormous population of poor people, India is attracting increasing attention from commercial players and government agencies, both of which are instrumental to furthering the growth of microfinance. This study reviews the current state of microfinance in India using the case-study approach. Two examples were chosen as representatives of the most prevalent forms of microfinance delivery-the Grameen model and the Self Help Group model. The two cases also represent two diverse schools of thought that dominate the worldwide microfinance industry: for-profit commercial microfinance institutions (MFIs) and not-for-profit NGO MFIs. The study discusses evolving legal structures, strategies, financing models, and operating models used by Indian MFIs to rapidly grow their operations in order to fulfill the huge unmet demand. It also covers the legal, financial, and operational challenges facing MFIs, and concludes with recommendations for remedial measures and policy changes that are required to support the urgent need to expand microfinance services in India.; by Venkateshwarlu Maroju.; Thesis (M.B.A.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

The domestic travel sector in China

Anders, Jeff, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 47 leaves
ENG
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China is already the largest domestic tourism market in the world. Chinese citizens made as many as 800 million overnight domestic trips in 2005. While travel is not a new concept in China, the disposable income they wield, the range of options becoming available and individual tastes are changing every day. This paper has two main objectives: (1) to detail the characteristics of the domestic Chinese traveler and, to a lesser extent, foreign inbound and Chinese outbound tourists; and (2) to explore the different drivers of tourism development and growth in China. Both sections are targeted at businesspeople and governments thinking about tourism-related business ventures, and at policymakers considering how best to stimulate tourism, consumption and economic gain. The Chinese people are eager to explore China - they will travel at home before going abroad. Tourism is not the exclusive purview of cosmopolitan urbanites; rural Chinese travel too. Chinese domestic tourists want overwhelmingly to visit natural landscapes when they travel. They also want more specialized and less visited destinations.; (cont.) They pay for lodging and spend as much on retail purchases as on lodging or food. Domestic Chinese business is the main driver of business travel in China The major drivers of tourism growth in China are: the rise of the middle class...

The transformation of the Japanese commercial code and its impact on the Japanese economy

Yoshida, Toshihiro, M.B.A. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 100 leaves
ENG
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The legal system is an essential basis of the society and economy of every country, and it changes continually in accordance with national social and economic situations. The Japanese Commercial Code is no exception. One of the most significant and fundamental Japanese laws, it was enacted in 1899 as part of the modernization of Japanese society as the country moved away from a policy of seclusion followed by the old feudal government. The new Code was strongly affected by corporate laws in place at the time in Germany and France. However, as the balance of power in the world economy changed over the ensuing years, the Japanese Commercial Code and other corporate laws were influenced by American laws, and the nature of the Commercial Code was slowly transformed, especially following the Second World War and after the collapse of the so-called "bubble economy" in Japan. In this thesis, I discuss the history of fundamental Japanese laws, the steps and players in the legislative process, and present details about the introduction of the share exchange system, which stimulated many more mergers and acquisitions in Japan. Then I analyze the economic impact of new legal procedures for M&As, including the share exchange system, and identify possible directions for Japanese corporate laws in the future.; by Toshihiro Yoshida.; Thesis (M.B.A.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

International joint venture with a government partner case study: copper mining in Zambia

Annan, Kofi A. (Kofi Atta)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 124 leaves
ENG
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by Kofi A. Annan [and] R. Anthony H. Aitken.; Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management, 1972.; Includes bibliographical references.

Summary of Research 2001, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy

Faculty of the Naval Postgraduate School Graduate School of Business and Public Policy
Fonte: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
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The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or U.S. Government.; This report contains project summaries of the research projects in the Graduate School of Business and Public Policy. A list of recent publications is also included, which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, and technical reports. Thesis abstracts of students advised by faculty in the Department are also included.

Analysis of government policies to support sustainable domestic defense industries

Marzah, Roni; Setiawan, Budi
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Armed forces all over the world need military equipment to support their security missions. Having a domestic defense industry is one approach that countries use to supply their armed forces’ requirements. The successful development of a domestic defense industry depends on many factors, but perhaps the most significant variable is the government. Because governments are both buyers and suppliers of national security, government policies are often designed by governments to defend and regulate domestic defense industries. This professional report explores the substance costs and benefits of various government policies to establish a sustainable defense industry. The report focuses on government policies in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and South Korea, because defense industries in those countries have proven track records and tend to be profitable and sustainable.; ; Lieutenant Commander, Indonesian Navy; Lieutenant Commander, Indonesian Navy

Cost benefit analysis of government furnished equipment versus contract furnished equipment for the procurement and integration of the MK-44 chain gun with the United States Marine Corps Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle; Cost benefit analysis of government furnished equipment versus contract furnished equipment for the procurement and integration of the MK-44 chain gun with the United States Marine Corps Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle

Howard, James E.; Collins, Patrick B.; Howard, James E.; Collins, Patrick B.
Fonte: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School; Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School; Monterey California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Thesis; Thesis Formato: xiv, 77 p. : col. ill.; xiv, 77 p. : col. ill.
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MBA Professional Report; Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; MBA Professional Report; Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; The Direct Reporting Program Manager (DRPM) for the USMC's Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle (EFV) is conducting an analysis of two acquisition tactics concerning the commercial procurement of the MK-44 to be integrated with the EFV. The EFV is manufactured by General Dynamics (GD) and the MK-44 chain gun is manufactured by Alliant Techsystems Inc. (ATK). The analysis is the topic of this thesis and will assist the DRPM in determining which of two tactics the Government should use for the procurement of the MK-44. The two arrangements of acquiring and integrating the MK-44 are 1) to procure the MK-44 as government furnished equipment (GFE) or 2) to procure the MK-44 as contractor furnished equipment (CFE). The fundamental difference is that a GFE arrangement will provide a direct contractual relationship between the Government and ATK, whereas, a CFE contract will eliminate that relationship as ATK will become a sub-contractor to GD, the prime contractor for the EFV. These two options present a variety of issues, both tangible and intangible, for analysis in determining which approach is most advantageous...

Contractor past performance information (PPI) in source selection: a comparison study of public and private sector

Lord, Roger
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School; Graduate School of Business and Public Policy Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School; Graduate School of Business and Public Policy
Tipo: Relatório Formato: 16 p.: ill.
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Second Annual Acquisition Research Symposium; The following article is taken as an excerpt from the proceedings of the annual Acquisition Research Program. This annual event showcases the research projects funded through the Acquisition Research Program at the Graduate School of Business and Public Policy at the Naval Postgraduate School. Featuring keynote speakers, plenary panels, multiple panel sessions, a student research poster show and social events, the Annual Acquisition Research Symposium offers a candid environment where high-ranking Department of Defense (DoD) officials, industry officials, accomplished faculty and military students are encouraged to collaborate on finding applicable solutions to the challenges facing acquisition policies and processes within the DoD today. By jointly and publicly questioning the norms of industry and academia, the resulting research benefits from myriad perspectives and collaborations which can identify better solutions and practices in acquisition, contract, financial, logistics and program management. For further information regarding the Acquisition Research Program, electronic copies of additional research, or to learn more about becoming a sponsor, please visit our program website at: www.acquisitionresearch.org. For further information on or to register for the next Acquisition Research Symposium during the third week of May...

Improving public perceptions by instilling objectivity in decisions to waive procurement regulations

Potter, Kenyon
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School; Graduate School of Business and Public Policy Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School; Graduate School of Business and Public Policy
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.74%
Third Annual Acquisition Research Symposium; The following article is taken as an excerpt from the proceedings of the annual Acquisition Research Program. This annual event showcases the research projects funded through the Acquisition Research Program at the Graduate School of Business and Public Policy at the Naval Postgraduate School. Featuring keynote speakers, plenary panels, multiple panel sessions, a student research poster show and social events, the Annual Acquisition Research Symposium offers a candid environment where high-ranking Department of Defense (DoD) officials, industry officials, accomplished faculty and military students are encouraged to collaborate on finding applicable solutions to the challenges facing acquisition policies and processes within the DoD today. By jointly and publicly questioning the norms of industry and academia, the resulting research benefits from myriad perspectives and collaborations which can identify better solutions and practices in acquisition, contract, financial, logistics and program management. For further information regarding the Acquisition Research Program, electronic copies of additional research, or to learn more about becoming a sponsor, please visit our program website at: www.acquisitionresearch.org. For further information on or to register for the next Acquisition Research Symposium during the third week of May...

Iran today: fundamentalist structures of government and growth

DeBenedetti, Michael R.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
ENG
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; Despite eighteen years of effort to establish a quasi-democratic fundamentalist regime, Iranian elections saw the crushing defeat of the ruling elite's candidate. This election result represents a popular call for a change in direction for the Islamic regime. Iran is not alone in their battle to reconcile fundamentalist religious doctrine and progression into the Twenty- first century. Tradition based economies and their requisite structures of government are relevant throughout the world today. With few exceptions these systems have been unable to produce states with effective economies. Without a sustainable growth rate in the economy, dealing with the almost universal population explosions seen in these fundamentalist based systems is proving impossible. Frequent meddling in the economy and social fabric of the nation to try and influence market driven outcomes seems to leave these structures of government destined for revision. This thesis applies recent advances in the theory of structures of government to produce valuable insight as to the likely direction of change in Iran.; http://archive.org/details/irantodayfundame00debe; Lieutenant, United States Navy

The role of the U.S. Federal Government in the student loan industry; Role of the United States Federal Government in the student loan industry

Mungovan, Patrick M. (Patrick Mullahy)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 45 leaves; 2997046 bytes; 2998830 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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Beginning in the early 1980's, average tuition and fees for higher education institutions in the United States experienced two decades of unprecedented growth. Over the 10-year period ending in 2003-2004, average tuition and fees rose 47 percent at public four-year colleges and universities and 42 percent at private four-year institutions. The growth rate over the preceding decade was even more significant at 54 and 50 percent, respectively. Much of the liquidity required by students and families to fund the cost of higher education has been supplied by the SLM Corporation, also known as Sallie Mae. Founded in 1972 as a Government Sponsored Enterprise (GSE), Sallie Mae is the nation's largest source of funding for higher education loans. Like other GSE's, Sallie Mae has been accorded a series of benefits which it has used to great benefit. Objective: This thesis: 1) Discusses the history of the student loan industry, including origins and significant events in its development 2) Examines the financial relationship between the federal government, Sallie Mae, institutions of higher education, and students 3) Evaluates the role of the federal government in the student loan industry and proposes alternative models In light of the social...

Flux and flexibility : a comparative institutional analysis of evolving university-industry relationships in MIT, Cambridge and Tokyo

Hatakenaka, Sachi, 1961-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 293 p.; 30511548 bytes; 30511309 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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University-industry relationships are in a state of flux. They represent important strategic issues for universities, for industry, and for governments alike. This confluence of interests has led to experimentation in which universities and industry seek to work together, often with strong government support. And yet partnerships are not easy. Academics and industrialists live in two different worlds, and universities are not known for their organizational flexibility. Some universities appear to change flexibly, while others change more slowly and with difficulty. The purpose of this dissertation is three-fold: to identify the nature of change taking place in university-industry relationships; to understand the underlying factors that influence that change; and to explore the underlying process of change. Three cases of MIT, Cambridge University, and Tokyo University are examined to compare their experiences in developing new types of university-industry relationships. I argue that internal and external organizational boundaries have influenced the evolution of the new types of relationships, and that the three universities have defined these boundaries differently. MIT's regulated external boundaries permitted close but bounded relationships with industry...

A comparative study of wind power in the United States, Europe and Japan : strategies applicable to Japan

Shimizu, Shinji. M.B.A., Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 82 leaves
ENG
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This thesis explores measures in the Japanese energy industry in order to meet the Kyoto target and further abate carbon dioxide beyond this target. To meet the Kyoto target, the Japanese government wants to increase renewable energy such as wind power as one of the measures. Wind power may be one of the most cost-effective renewable energy sources to address global warming. The world market for wind power is growing rapidly and the markets are concentrated in a few primary countries, with Europe (especially Germany) and the United States leading expansion. However, Japan is now taking its first steps to develop a large-scale commercial market for wind power. It is now difficult for renewable energy, such as wind power, to become a major energy source due to its high cost and intermittent supply. However, it is the author's belief that Japan can increase wind power energy to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by applying appropriate policies and technical development in the power industry. This thesis examines policies designed to encourage the development of wind power in three countries-Germany, Denmark, and the United States-and compares the policies enacted in each of these countries to policies that are used in Japan.; (cont.) Measures that are applicable to shaping the implementation of renewable energy...

Economic modeling of Korean private equity market through comparisons of market structures and investment strategies between the Korean and American private equity market

Baek, Kiwoong, 1960-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 202 leaves; 15318797 bytes; 15343923 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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Modem capitalist societies depend on entrepreneurship for their progress. Entrepreneurs seek profits by introducing new goods, services, and technologies and, in doing so, they advance the economic welfare of society. To maintain and further entrepreneurial activities, each society requires a well-organized resource allocation system that can distribute resources to selected industries or firms. The private equity market is an efficient resource allocation system that provides equity capital to the firms not quoted in the stock market. However, a private equity market is difficult to develop not only due to the high risk characteristics of the market but also because of the needs to establish value added infrastructure and to change the current financial mechanisms as the capital market evolves. The government plays one of the most important roles in initiating a new type of capital market, the private equity market. Significant changes and evolution in the development of private equity markets are typically preceded by changes in the regulatory system (deregulation), tax structure, monetary policy, government policy, and/or pension fund operations. Different starting points lead to different paths of market development. However, many countries have tried to introduce private equity markets with various degrees of success. These attempts highlight the fact that different schemes of private equity market structure are necessary for each country. They will...

Creating a diverse technical workforce in the Federal Government : the challenges of growing and sustaining technical talent in the new millennium

Townsend, Jacqueline S. (Jacqueline Suzanne), 1965-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 79 leaves; 3861690 bytes; 3861498 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
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The United States is a world leader in the global scientist and engineering enterprise, however with a shortage of US workers prepared to fill scientist and engineering positions in the future, other nations are preparing themselves to challenge this strong US economic strength. Technically skilled international workers are beginning to fill the void within corporate America, including an increase in global white collar outsourcing, but while this action may adversely affect our nation's supply of available technical talent, the Department of Defense (DoD) faces additional challenges in their pursuit of the "best of the best." While the war for talent exists nationally, it is only exacerbated for the DoD by the department's unique requirements, specifically the non-traditional technical talent required and requirement for US citizenship. Coupled with these challenges, are changing diversity statistics that are not encouraging for future workforce shaping initiatives. With the recent cutbacks to the S&E workforce and many organizations facing retirement eligibility statistics nearing 50%, the technical workforce dynamics are changing. In an attempt to create a diverse technical workforce to replace the aging workforce, DoD faces several challenges. Not only will this war on talent attempt to attract scientists and engineers...