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Balancing the role of the dental school in teaching, research and patient care; including care for underserved areas

HOLBROOK, W. P.; BRODIN, P.; BALCIUNIENE, I.; BRUKIENE, V.; BUCUR, M. V.; CORBET, E.; DILLENBERG, J.; DJUKANOVIC, D.; EKANAYAKE, K.; ERIKSEN, H.; FISHER, J.; GOFFIN, G.; HULL, P.; KUMCHAI, T.; LUMLEY, P.; LUND, J.; MATHUR, V.; NOVAES JR., A.; PURIENE, A.;
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
Inequalities within dentistry are common and are reflected in wide differences in the levels of oral health and the standard of care available both within and between countries and communities. Furthermore there are patients, particularly those with special treatment needs, who do not have the same access to dental services as the general public. The dental school should aim to recruit students from varied backgrounds into all areas covered by the oral healthcare team and to train students to treat the full spectrum of patients including those with special needs. It is essential, however, that the dental student achieves a high standard of clinical competence and this cannot be gained by treating only those patients with low expectations for care. Balancing these aspects of clinical education is difficult. Research is an important stimulus to better teaching and better clinical care. It is recognized that dental school staff should be active in research, teaching, clinical work and frequently administration. Maintaining a balance between the commitments to clinical care, teaching and research while also taking account of underserved areas in each of these categories is a difficult challenge but one that has to be met to a high degree in a successful...

"Avaliação da satisfação dos pacientes atendidos na clínica integrada do curso de odontologia da Universidade Federal do Pará" ; Patient satisfaction assessment in comprehensive dental clinic at pará federal university, school of dentistry

Araujo, Izamir Carnevali de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/06/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.37%
Neste estudo foi avaliada a satisfação dos pacientes atendidos na Clínica Integrada do Curso de Odontologia da Universidade Federal do Pará (CICOUFPA), através de uma amostra aleatória simples de 200 usuários dos 600 inscritos, atendidos nos meses de Maio e Junho de 2002. Para esta pesquisa foi aplicado um questionário com 19 questões fechadas e 01 aberta, e os dados coletados foram submetidos a análise estatística utilizando-se o software Epi. Info. 604.d. com um nível de significância de 5% (P<0,05). Os resultados indicaram que 66% dos pacientes da CICOUFPA não sentiram dor e 46% não tiveram medo, 87% procuraram para tratamento especializado, 83% receberam informações sobre tratamentos curativos e 68% sobre procedimentos preventivos, a avaliação do atendimento pelo aluno e professor, mereceu uma aprovação de 98%, sendo que 97.5% dos alunos e 62.5% dos professores estavam vestidos adequadamente, as recomendações sobre as melhorias foram relacionadas com a infra-estrutura e o serviço de triagem, 98% dos pacientes recomendariam o serviço, a nota média foi de 8.33, e a avaliação do ambiente de trabalho obteve uma aprovação de 95% dos pacientes. Portanto os pacientes estão satisfeitos com o ambiente físico da CICOUFPA...

"Avaliação e produtividade da disciplina de clínica integrada no curso de odontologia da Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná (contribuição ao modelo de ensino odontológico)" ; Evaluation and productivity of integrated clinic discipline in dental school of tuiuti university of paraná (contribution to the dental education model)

Milani, Paulo Augusto Pires
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/07/2003 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
RESUMO Os alunos do curso de Graduação na Disciplina de Clínica Integrada da Universidade Tuiuti do Paraná, desenvolveram atendimento clínico em pacientes de faixa etária diversas, contando com toda infra estrutura necessária para sua realização. Este estudo em um primeiro momento teve o objetivo de traçar um perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes, observando a eficiência/eficácia da metodologia empregada no momento da triagem, correto desenvolvimento do plano de tratamento e o seguimento das orientações teóricas e/ou filosóficas da disciplina por parte do corpo docente e discente. Em uma segunda fase quantificou-se o tempo despendido na execução de determinados procedimentos clínicos, como exame clínico , de periodontia , de cirurgia , de endodontia , de dentística restauradora e de prótese, procurando identificar possíveis dificuldades na execução de trabalhos por parte dos alunos, falhas dos docentes e da instituição, que por sua vez pudessem interferir no correto desempenho dos alunos com a finalidade de alcançar a competência clínica. Após avaliação de 342 fichas clínicas e mensuração do tempo despendido no desenvolvimento dos trabalhos clínicos, com suas possíveis intercorrências, anotaram - se os resultados em planilhas as quais foram submetidas a posteriores análises para comprovação dos resultados obtidos.; SUMMARY This study comprised two distinct parts. The first one traced the epidemiological pattern of the patients by checking the efficiency/efficacy of the patients´ selection method...

Diadema: da odontologia escolar à abordagem familiar; Diadema: the approach of the dentistry school family

Cunha, Bernadete Aparecida Tavares
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/09/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.18%
O presente estudo se ocupa da implantação e evolução das políticas de saúde bucal no Município de Diadema (SP), no período de 1972 a 2007, onde se observa o processo de transformação das práticas, da odontologia escolar até a abordagem familiar, com avanços e limitações. Analisa a evolução histórica do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e das políticas nacionais, estaduais e municipais de saúde bucal. Trata-se um estudo qualitativo do tipo exploratório, conduzido por meio de análise bibliográfica documental e de entrevistas semi-estruturadas. Foram analisados documentos oficiais do município de Diadema e entrevistas realizadas com os prefeitos, secretários municipais de saúde, coordenadores de saúde bucal e cirurgiões dentistas que vivenciaram as diversas fases e políticas de saúde bucal no município. Busca identificar suas características inovadoras na organização das práticas assistenciais em saúde, enfatizando neste contexto a saúde bucal. Apresenta os resultados obtidos no período considerado, discutindo a política municipal de saúde bucal, localizando a posição da cidade no cenário estadual e nacional e identificando aspectos relacionados às perspectivas da saúde bucal em Diadema.; This study takes the deployment and evolution of oral health policies in the city of Diadema - São Paulo State...

Avaliação de conteúdos e objeto de aprendizagem da Teleodontologia aplicado a anestesia e exodontia em Odontopediatria; Evaluation of contents and Teledentistry learning object applied to anesthesia and exodontics for Pediatric Dentistry

Alencar, Cássio José Fornazari
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/09/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
Com o avanço tecnológico, a utilização de novos objetos de aprendizagem modernos, que têm as características de flexibilidade, interoperabilidade, customização, indexação e facilidade de atualização, vem ocupando espaço na área da Educação. As diretrizes curriculares determinam a substituição do currículo mínimo, a partir da flexibilização dos conteúdos e com a participação do aluno como sujeito no processo ensino-aprendizagem. Este trabalho tem como objetivos: avaliar os principais conteúdos utilizados no tópico de cirurgia em Odontopediatria; observar a participação dos voluntários nesse processo e verificar a aceitação do uso de um novo objeto de aprendizagem da Teleodontologia aplicado à Odontopediatria. Foi aplicado um questionário de avaliação dos conteúdos do tópico de cirurgia em Odontopediatria com alunos de graduação, pós-graduandos, professores e profissionais do serviço público; onde cada voluntário (n=387) atribuiu valores, no sentido de classificar os tópicos entre aqueles fundamentais e aqueles complementares ao processo de aprendizagem do tema, tendo como referência as competências e habilidades necessárias ao atendimento clínico envolvendo a execução desses procedimentos. A sistematização dos resultados dos questionários respondidos pelos professores foi o subsídio utilizado no desenvolvimento do objeto de aprendizagem (Projeto Homem Virtual - Exodontia de molares decíduos inferiores/Técnica pterigomandibular)...

Perfil psicológico e interesses profissionais de estudantes de odontologia; Psychological profile and professional interests of dentistry students

Ponte, Teresa Maria da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/12/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
O objetivo do estudo foi verificar se os alunos da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo (FOUSP) apresentavam tendência a algum perfil psicológico específico e relacionar os resultados com respostas sobre escolhas profissionais, investigando se há associação entre escolhas do campo de trabalho e perfil comportamental. O estudo foi transversal, realizado por meio de dois questionários autoadministrados, um de perfil psicológico e outro sobre interesses profissionais, distribuídos aos estudantes da FOUSP. A pesquisa foi aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da FOUSP. Os dados foram organizados e analisados no programa STATA 12.0. Resultados: Participaram da pesquisa 415 alunos matriculados nas disciplinas de graduação da FOUSP, dos períodos diurno e noturno de todos os semestres. A coleta de dados foi realizada durante o segundo semestre de 2011. As características sociodemográficas apresentadas mostram que 72,29% dos estudantes eram do gênero feminino e 27,71% do masculino e apresentavam idade entre 17 e 44 anos (média de 21,98 anos). Quanto às razões para a escolha do curso de odontologia, 54,94% dos participantes apontaram a vocação; 15,70% por terem cirurgiões-dentistas na família; 14...

Sexual harassment in Dentistry: prevalence in dental school

Saliba Garbin, Clea Adas; Zina, Livia Guimaraes; Insper Garbin, Artenio Jose; Saliba Moimaz, Suzely Adas
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 447-452
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
Objective: Sexual harassment is unlawful in all work and educational environments in most nations of the world. The goals of this study were to describe the sexual harassment prevalence and to evaluate the experiences and attitudes of undergraduate students in one dental school in Brazil. Material and Methods: An 18-item questionnaire was administered to 254 dental students with a completion rate of 82% (208). Students were requested to respond to questions about their background and academic level in dental school, their personal experiences with sexual harassment and their observation of someone else being sexually harassed. Bivariate statistical analyses were performed. Results: Fifteen percent of the students reported being sexually harassed by a patient, by a relative of a patient or by a professor. Male students had 3 times higher probability of being sexually harassed than female student [OR = 2.910 (1.113-7.611)]. Additionally, 25.4% of the students reported witnessing sexual harassment at the school environment. The majority of students did not feel professionally prepared to respond to unwanted sexual behaviors. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that sexual harassment can occur in a dental school setting. There is a need for ongoing sexual harassment education programs for students and university staff. Increased knowledge of sexual harassment during graduation can better prepare dental professionals to respond to sexual harassment during their practice.

Sexual harassment in Dentistry: prevalence in dental school

Garbin,Cléa Adas Saliba; Zina,Lívia Guimarães; Garbin,Artênio José Insper; Moimaz,Suzely Adas Saliba
Fonte: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP Publicador: Faculdade De Odontologia De Bauru - USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
OBJECTIVE: Sexual harassment is unlawful in all work and educational environments in most nations of the world. The goals of this study were to describe the sexual harassment prevalence and to evaluate the experiences and attitudes of undergraduate students in one dental school in Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An 18-item questionnaire was administered to 254 dental students with a completion rate of 82% (208). Students were requested to respond to questions about their background and academic level in dental school, their personal experiences with sexual harassment and their observation of someone else being sexually harassed. Bivariate statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: Fifteen percent of the students reported being sexually harassed by a patient, by a relative of a patient or by a professor. Male students had 3 times higher probability of being sexually harassed than female student [OR=2.910 (1.113-7.611)]. Additionally, 25.4% of the students reported witnessing sexual harassment at the school environment. The majority of students did not feel professionally prepared to respond to unwanted sexual behaviors. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate that sexual harassment can occur in a dental school setting. There is a need for ongoing sexual harassment education programs for students and university staff. Increased knowledge of sexual harassment during graduation can better prepare dental professionals to respond to sexual harassment during their practice.

Prevalence, Severity and Related Factors of Dental Caries in School Going Children of Vadodara City – An Epidemiological Study

Joshi, Niyanta; Sujan, SG; Joshi, Keyur; Parekh, Harshik; Dave, Bhavna
Fonte: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publicador: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
Objective: Among dental diseases, dental caries is an important dental public health problem in India which is irreversible in nature, and is predominantly a disease of childhood. Till date no study has been carried out in Vadodara. As baseline data of caries is required to improve oral health of children, the present study was undertaken to determine the pattern of dental caries in school children of Vadodara city in the mixed dentition period considering age, sex and dietary patterns.

Evaluation of the efficacy of probiotics in plaque reduction and gingival health maintenance among school children – A Randomized Control Trial.

Karuppaiah, R Muthu; Shankar, S; Raj, S Krishna; Ramesh, K; Prakash, R; Kruthika, M
Fonte: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publicador: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
Background: Probiotics are live micro-organisms that when administered in adequate amounts confer health benefits upon the host. The impact of probiotics on oral health is relatively new with lots of research going on; the area of probiotics and periodontal disease is still in its infancy. The aim of the present trial was to evaluate the efficacy of the probiotics in plaque reduction among school children.

Prevalence of Malocclusion among 6 to 10 Year old Nalgonda School Children

Reddy, E Rajendra; Manjula, M; Sreelakshmi, N; Rani, S Thabitha; Aduri, Rajesh; Patil, B Dharamraj
Fonte: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publicador: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
Background: To evaluate the prevalence of malocclusion among 6 to 10 year old children of Nalgonda District. Materials & Methods: A total of 3000 children were examined, out of which 2135 children (1009 boys and 1126 girls) who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were included. The selected sample was examined for Class I, Class II, Class III molar relationship, lower anterior crowding, cross bite (anterior and posterior), open bite, and pseudo class III [edge to edge bite] discrepancies after obtaining the written consent from the concerned school authorities. The collected data was tabulated and statistically analysed using chi-square test. Results: Among the selected sample, 648 (30.35%) children had minor tooth alignment discrepancies. Angle’s Class I molar relation with and without minor discrepancies was observed in 78.6%, Class II in 13.9%, Class III in 7.8% of the subjects surveyed. Lower anterior crowding in 11.8%, anterior cross bite in 4.5%, posterior cross bite in 3.75%, openbite in 3% and Pseudo class III [edge to edge] in 5.97% was noticed among the studied population. There was no statistical significant difference observed gender wise. Conclusion: In the current study, 52% of the studied population had malocclusion with a higher prevalence of Angle’s Class I molar relation with lower anterior crowding. How to cite this article: Reddy ER...

Dental Aesthetic Index of school students in Telangana region - An epidemiological study

Anita, G; Kumar, G Anil; Reddy, Vamsi; Reddy, T Praveen Kumar; Rao, M S Rama; Wankhade, Swapnil B
Fonte: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publicador: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
Background: Malocclusion should be identified at its earliest before it produces any detrimental effects. The objective of this study is to evaluate the orthodontic status and treatment need of school children in Telangana region, Andhra Pradesh, using Dental Aesthetic Index. Materials & Methods: One thousand children in the age group of 12 - 14 years who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria were considered. The demographic details of the students along with the information on the orthodontic status were collected using a predesigned questionnaire by a single orthodontist. The information on orthodontic status was obtained using Dentofacial Anomalies with the criteria of Dental Aesthetic Index (W H O Oral Health Assessment form 1997). Results: Results were subjected to ANOVA, Tukeys test and chi square test using SPSS, version 16. 86.1% of the subjects had DAI score of less than 25, suggesting ‘no treatment’; 10% had DAI score of 26-30, suggesting ‘elective treatment’; 3% had DAI score of 31-35, suggesting ‘highly desirable treatment’; 0.9% had DAI score of >36, indicating ‘mandatory treatment’; Higher prevalence of malocclusion among females than males. Conclusion: It is necessary to identify this abnormality at its earliest before it produces detrimental effects. It is also essential to know the prevalence of malocclusion in any society...

Prevalence and self perception of Dental Fluorosis among 15 year old school children in Prakasham district of south India

Naidu, Guntipalli M; Rahamthullah, S A K Uroof; Kopuri, Raj Kumar Chowdary; Kumar, Y Anil; Suman, S V; Balaga, Ramesh Naidu
Fonte: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publicador: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Background: To assess the Prevalence and self perception of dental fluorosis among 15 - year old school children. Materials & Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 840, 15 - year old school children from 12 schools of Prakasam district. After taking informed consent from their parents or legal representatives, an interview was conducted using a pretested questionnaire to collect the data regarding self perception of dental fluorosis, dental behaviour, and source of water and diet and socio demographic characters. Oral examination was done under natural light to score Deans fluorosis index. Statistical test used was chisquare test. Results: Study revealed that 82.04% of the study population were having dental fluorosis. Out of which only 42.3% were aware of the existing situations. 47.90% of boys are aware of dental fluorosis where as 40.50% of girls are aware of dental fluorosis. Fluorosis score in relation to gender is not statistically significant (chisquare (8.796);p=0.117). Conclusion: Dental fluorosis is a public health problem in Kanigiri town. As there was no study conducted in Kanigiri town even though it is one of the severely affected area in our country. Active steps must be taken to De fluoridate the water before distribution to reduce the morbidity associated with dental fluorosis in this area. How to cite this article: Naidu GM...

Relationship Between Drinking Water Fluoride Levels, Dental Fluorosis, Dental Caries and Associated Risk Factors in 9-12 Years Old School Children of Nelakondapally Mandal of Khammam District, Andhra Pradesh, India: A Cross-sectional Survey

Shanthi, M; Reddy, B Vishnuvardhan; Venkataramana, V; Gowrisankar, S; Reddy, B V Thimma; Chennupati, Sireesha
Fonte: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publicador: International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.17%
Background: The present study was conducted to assess the relationship between drinking water fluoride (F) levels, dental fluorosis and dental caries among 9-12 years old school children of Nelakondapally Mandal, Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on 1500 school children aged 9-12 years, selected by stratified random sampling from different areas with different levels of naturally occurring F in drinking water. The children were assessed for dental fluorosis according to WHO basic survey guidelines. The overall oral health status of the child was assessed by decayed missing filled teeth (DMFT)/dmft index. Statistical analysis was done using mean, standard deviation, standard error, Z-test, ANOVA test, and Chi-square test. Results: The results of the present study revealed that the prevalence of fluorosis was 74.9%. Number of children having dental fluorosis was highest in children who consume water from bore wells. Caries prevalence in the study population was about 56.5%. Caries prevalence and mean DMFT/dmft scores were least in children with optimal F areas and highest in children with below optimal F areas. Conclusion: There was moderate prevalence of fluorosis in Nelakondapally Mandal of Khammam district...

Dental caries trends in Australian school children

Mejia, G.; Ha, D.
Fonte: Australian Dental Assn Inc Publicador: Australian Dental Assn Inc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.14%
Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, The University of Adelaide; Address for correspondence: Gloria C Mejia and Diep H Ha, Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, School of Dentistry, The University of Adelaide

The accuracy of caries risk assessment in children attending South Australian School Dental Service: a longitudinal study

Ha, D.; Spencer, A.; Slade, G.; Chartier, A.
Fonte: BMJ Publishing Group Publicador: BMJ Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.99%
Objectives: To determine the accuracy of the caries risk assessment system and performance of clinicians in their attempts to predict caries for children during routine practice. Design: Longitudinal study. Setting and participants Data on caries risk assessment conducted by clinicians during routine practice while providing care for children in the South Australian School Dental Service (SA SDS) were collected from electronic patient records. Baseline data on caries experience, clinicians’ ratings of caries risk status and child demographics were obtained for all SA SDS patients aged 5–15 years examined during 2002–2005. Outcome measure: Children’s caries incidence rate, calculated using examination data after a follow-up period of 6–48 months from baseline, was used as the gold standard to compute the sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of clinicians’ baseline ratings of caries risk. Multivariate binomial regression models were used to evaluate effects of children's baseline characteristics on Se and Sp. Results: A total of 133 clinicians rated caries risk status of 71 430 children during 2002–2005. The observed Se and Sp were 0.48 and 0.86, respectively (Se+Sp=1.34). Caries experience at baseline was the strongest factor influencing accuracy in multivariable regression model. Among children with no caries experience at baseline...

Factors associated with the use of herbal medicines for oral problems by patients attending the clinics of the School of Dentistry, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil

Paula,Janice Simpson de; Resende,Alexandre Marques de; Mialhe,Fábio Luiz
Fonte: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - UNICAMP Publicador: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - UNICAMP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.24%
AIM: To evaluate differences in sociodemographic characteristics (gender, age, educational level and income) between users and nonusers of phytotherapy for dental purposes; the degree of population's knowledge of herbal medicines for dental needs; and whether patients inform the health professional about their use of phytotherapy. METHODS: A questionnaire was applied to 100 patients in waiting rooms of the School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Juiz de Fora, in 2008, to inquire about sociodemographic variables and other factors associated with the use of phytotherapy. Statistical analyses were carried out using the chi square statistical test to calculate association between the variables, with 0.05 as level of significance. RESULTS: It was observed that 64.8% of participants were women with a mean age of 43.9±15.1 years. Phytotheraphy use for treatment of oral problems was reported by 37% of patients interviewed in this study. Significant differences were found between users and non-users of herbal medicines for oral problems, associated with the patient's age (p<0.05) and previous experience with use of phytotherapy to treat general health problems (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The results emphasize the need for more scientific evidence of the efficacy of herbal medicinal products already incorporated in the popular knowledge to treat oral problems in order to make it an accessible and alternative method for prevention and therapy in dentistry.

Sexual harassment in Dentistry: prevalence in dental school

Garbin, Cléa Adas Saliba; Zina, Lívia Guimarães; Garbin, Artênio José Insper; Moimaz, Suzely Adas Saliba
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.2%
OBJECTIVE: Sexual harassment is unlawful in all work and educational environments in most nations of the world. The goals of this study were to describe the sexual harassment prevalence and to evaluate the experiences and attitudes of undergraduate students in one dental school in Brazil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An 18-item questionnaire was administered to 254 dental students with a completion rate of 82% (208). Students were requested to respond to questions about their background and academic level in dental school, their personal experiences with sexual harassment and their observation of someone else being sexually harassed. Bivariate statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: Fifteen percent of the students reported being sexually harassed by a patient, by a relative of a patient or by a professor. Male students had 3 times higher probability of being sexually harassed than female student [OR=2.910 (1.113-7.611)]. Additionally, 25.4% of the students reported witnessing sexual harassment at the school environment. The majority of students did not feel professionally prepared to respond to unwanted sexual behaviors. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate that sexual harassment can occur in a dental school setting. There is a need for ongoing sexual harassment education programs for students and university staff. Increased knowledge of sexual harassment during graduation can better prepare dental professionals to respond to sexual harassment during their practice.

Implant dentistry in Australia: the present and future.

Guo, Ying Nan
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2015
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.28%
In recent years, implant dentistry has become a routine part of many general dental practices in Australia. However, there is little information regarding its prevalence as well as the extent and nature of its practice. This investigation aims to address the paucity of information in this area. Additionally, data concerning general dental practitioners (GDPs) will be compared with that for dental specialists to reveal the degree of conformity between the two groups in their practice of implant dentistry. The results of this research may also be of assistance in the development of educational programs in this field. Electronic surveys on the practice of implant dentistry were designed using SurveyMonkey™ and delivered along with a participation invitation to the following professional bodies: all seven State/Territory branches of the Australian Dental Association (ADA), the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Periodontists (ANZAP), the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (ANZAOMS), and prosthodontist members of the Australian Prosthodontic Society (APS). After examining the surveys for approval, all above professional organisations agreed to participate by inviting their respective members to complete the surveys online via SurveyMonkey™. The same program was used to analyse the responses while preserving the anonymity of the respondents. The initial response rates were 7.61% (n = 801) for GDPs...

Factors associated with the use of herbal medicines for oral problems by patients attending the clinics of the School of Dentistry, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil

Paula, Janice Simpson de; Resende, Alexandre Marques de; Mialhe, Fábio Luiz
Fonte: UNICAMP/FOP Publicador: UNICAMP/FOP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ;
Publicado em 22/10/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.24%
Aim: To evaluate differences in sociodemographic characteristics (gender, age, educational level and income) between users and nonusers of phytotherapy for dental purposes; the degree of population’s knowledge of herbal medicines for dental needs; and whether patients inform the health professional about their use of phytotherapy. Methods: A questionnaire was applied to 100 patients in waiting rooms of the School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Juiz de Fora, in 2008, to inquire about sociodemographic variables and other factors associated with the use of phytotherapy. Statistical analyses were carried out using the chi square statistical test to calculate association between the variables, with 0.05 as level of significance. Results: It was observed that 64.8% of participants were women with a mean age of 43.9±15.1 years. Phytotheraphy use for treatment of oral problems was reported by 37% of patients interviewed in this study. Significant differences were found between users and non-users of herbal medicines for oral problems, associated with the patient’s age (p<0.05) and previous experience with use of phytotherapy to treat general health problems (p<0.001). Conclusions: The results emphasize the need for more scientific evidence of the efficacy of herbal medicinal products already incorporated in the popular knowledge to treat oral problems in order to make it an accessible and alternative method for prevention and therapy in dentistry