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Three-dimensional Characteristics of the Interface Epithelium-Connective Tissue Surface of Finger`s Lamina Propria of Cebus apella Monkey: Scanning Electron Microscopy Study

WATANABE, Ii-sei; GUIMARAES, Juliana Placido; IYOMASA, Mamie Misuzaki; MIGLINO, Maria Angelica; LOPES, Marilia Gabriela de Oliveira; CONSENTINO, Marcia; SOSTHINES, Kronka; SILVA, Marcelo Cavenaghi Pereira da
Fonte: SOC CHILENA ANATOMIA Publicador: SOC CHILENA ANATOMIA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.11%
In the present paper were analysed the three-dimensional characteristics of the interface epithelium-connective tissue surface of finger prints of Cebus apella monkey employing the scanning electron microscopic methods. The connective tissue core (CTC) and epithelial papillae were examined verifying the three-dimensional configuration of the tissue projections. The samples were fixed in Bouin solsution for histologic preparations and in modified Karnovsky for examine to observe in scanning electron microscopy. After treatment in the 10% NaOH solution during 3 to 5 days, the surface of finger prints revealed a distribution of CTC of lamina propria in situ showing original three-dimensional SEM images. The linear and circular dispositions CTC, and the furrows were clearly identified. Each pointed papilla presented a large base and longitudinal disposition of thick collagen fiber bundles and in some areas with a complex reticular formations. The longitudinal furrows between the pointed papillae exhibited a dense layer of connective tissue and showed only low CTC or laminar in shape. The presence of numerous foramina of sweat gland were noted in three-dimensional SEM images.

Adhesives bonded to erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser-irradiated dentin: transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and tensile bond strength analyses

RAMOS, Andreia Cristina Bastos; ESTEVES-OLIVEIRA, Marcella; ARANA-CHAVEZ, Victor E.; EDUARDO, Carlos de Paula
Fonte: SPRINGER LONDON LTD Publicador: SPRINGER LONDON LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.17%
The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser irradiation on dentinal collagen by transmission electron microscopy and to analyze the resin-dentin interface by scanning electron microscopy. A tensile bond strength test was also applied. Specimens from 69 sound human third molars were randomly divided into three groups: control (no laser), and two irradiated groups, laser 250 (250 mJ/2 Hz) and laser 400 (400 mJ/4 Hz). Then, specimens were restored with two adhesive systems, an etch-and-rinse or a self-etch system. Although ultrastructural examination showed a modified surface in the irradiated dentin, there was no statistical difference in bond strength values between the laser groups and controls (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the use of Er:YAG laser for ablating human dentin did not alter the main adhesion parameters when compared with those obtained by conventional methods, thus reinforcing its use in restorative dentistry.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)[97/10823-0]; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientfico e Tecnologico e Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa (CNPq)[303798/2005-0]; Coordena ao de Aperfei oamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)...

Analysis of enamel microbiopsies in shed primary teeth by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Polarizing Microscopy (PM)

ALMEIDA, Glauce Regina Costa de; MOLINA, Gabriela Ferian; MESCHIARI, Cesar Arruda; SOUSA, Frederico Barbosa de; GERLACH, Raquel Fernanda
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.12%
The aims of this study were 1) to verify how close to the theoretically presumed areas are the areas of enamel microbiopsies carried out in vivo or in exfoliated teeth; 2) to test whether the etching solution penetrates beyond the tape borders: 3) to test whether the etching solution demineralizes the enamel in depth. 24 shed upper primary central incisors were randomly divided into two groups: the Rehydrated Teeth Group and the Dry Teeth Group. An enamel microbiopsy was performed, and the enamel microbiopsies were then analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEMI) and Polarizing Microscopy (PM). Quantitative birefringence measurements were performed. The ""true"" etched area was determined by measuring the etched enamel using the NIH Image analysis program. Enamel birefringence was compared using the paired t test. There was a statistically significant difference when the etched areas in the Rehydrated teeth were compared with those of the Dry teeth (p = 0.04). The etched areas varied from -11.6% to 73.5% of the presumed area in the Rehydrated teeth, and from 6.6% to 61.3% in the Dry teeth. The mean percentage of variation in each group could be used as a correction factor for the etched area. Analysis of PM pictures shows no evidence of in-depth enamel demineralization by the etching solution. No statistically significant differences in enamel birefringence were observed between values underneath and outside the microbiopsy area in the same tooth...

Atomic Absorption Spectrometry and Scanning Electron Microscopy Evaluation of Concentration of Calcium Ions and Smear Layer Removal With Root Canal Chelators

SPANO, Julio Cesar Emboava; SILVA, Ricardo Gariba; GUEDES, Debora Fernandes Costa; SOUSA-NETO, Manoel Damiao; ESTRELA, Carlos; PECORA, Jesus Djalma
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.14%
Aim. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concentration of calcium ions and smear layer removal by using root canal chelators according to flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry and scanning electron microscopy. Forty-two human maxillary central incisors were irrigated with 15% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), 10% citric acid, 10% sodium citrate, apple vinegar, 5% acetic acid, 5% malic acid, and sodium hypochlorite. The concentration of calcium ions was measured by using flame atomic absorption spectrometry, and smear layer removal was determined by scanning electron microscopy. Mean +/- standard deviation, one-way analysis of variance, Tukey-Kramer, Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn, and kappa tests were used for statistical analysis. The use of 15% EDTA resulted in the greatest concentration of calcium ions followed by 10% citric acid; 15% EDTA and 10% citric acid were the most efficient solutions for removal of smear layer. (J Endod 2009;35:727-730)

A light and scanning electron microscopy study of bone healing following inferior alveolar nerve lateralization: An experimental study in rabbits

YOSHIMOTO, Marcelo; KONIG JR., Bruno; COELHO, Paulo G.; ALLEGRINI JR., Sergio; LUIZ, Fabio Franceschini Mitri
Fonte: QUINTESSENCE PUBLISHING CO INC Publicador: QUINTESSENCE PUBLISHING CO INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.1%
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bone healing kinetics around commercially pure titanium implants following inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) lateralization in a rabbit model. Materials and Methods: Inferior alveolar nerve lateralization was performed in 16 adult female rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). During the nerve lateralization procedure, 1 implant was placed through the mandibular canal, and the IAN was replaced in direct contact with the implant. During the 8-week healing period, various bone labels were administered for fluorescent microscopy analysis. The animals were euthanized by anesthesia overdose, and the mandibular blocks were exposed by sharp dissection. Nondecalcified samples were prepared for optical light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) evaluation. Results: SEM evaluation showed bone modeling/remodeling between the IAN and implant surface. Fluorochrome area fraction labeling at different times during the healing period showed that bone apposition mainly occurred during the first 2 weeks after implantation. Conclusions: The results obtained showed that bone healing/deposition occurred between the alveolar nerves in contact with a commercially pure titanium implant. No interaction between the nerve and the implant was detected after the 8-week healing period. Appositional bone healing occurred around the nerve bundle structure...

Estudo da mucosa da língua e da superficie de interface epitélio-tecido conjuntivo da preguiça-de-coleira (Bradypus torquatus, Iliger, 1811), empregando os métodos de microscopia de luz e eletrônica de varredura; Study of the lingual mucosa and surface of interface epithelium-connective tissue of the maned sloth (Bradypus torquatus, Iliger, 1811), employing light and scanning electron microscopy methods

Benetti, Edson José
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/12/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.25%
Estudo das superfícies dorsal e ventral da língua e da superfície de interface epitélio-tecido conjuntivo de Bradypus torquatus, foi realizado empregando-se os métodos de microscopia de luz e microscopia eletrônica de varredura. As línguas de Bradypus torquatus foram removidas, dissecadas e seccionadas em 3 partes: rostral, média e caudal e tratadas pelos métodos de microscopia de luz e eletrônica de varredura. Os resultados revelaram que a língua apresenta um ápice arredondado, um corpo e uma raiz. A mucosa dorsal mostra três tipos de papilas linguais: filiformes, fungiformes e vaIadas e uma superfície inferior lisa. Histologicamente, observou-se que a superfície dorsal da língua contém as papilas filiformes, fungiformes e vaIadas, distribuídas nas regiões rostral, média e caudal. A camada epitelial é de espessura variável e possui os estratos basal, espinhosa, granular e córnea, mostrando as células epiteliais. A lâmina própria é caracterizada por um tecido conjuntivo denso formando as projeções papilares longas, curtas e arredondadas. As imagens tridimensionais obtidas pela microscopia eletrônica de varredura, mostraram numerosas papilas filiformes localizadas essencialmente nas regiões rostral e média. Poucas papilas fungiformes estão presentes na superfície dorsal da língua...

Comparação in vitro de parâmetros para fotoativação de restaurações em resina composta por meio de microdureza e microscopia eletrônica de varredura; In vitro comparison of parameters for photoactivation of composite resin restorations using hardness and scanning electron microscopy

Shimokawa, Carlos Alberto Kenji
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/09/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este estudo in vitro teve como objetivo a comparação de diferentes protocolos para fotoativação de restaurações em resina composta por meio de teste de microdureza e análise da adaptação marginal com microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Foram confeccionadas restaurações de 2mmx4mmx2mm com a resina composta Premisa (Kerr) em 30 dentes bovinos. Durante o procedimento restaurador, o método de fotoativação teve variação, sendo um grupo ativado com o método contínuo (grupo controle) durante 20 segundos, utilizando o fotoativador Elipar Freelight 2; outro grupo utilizou o mesmo equipamento fotoativador, com variação da distância da ponta ativadora, a fim da promoção de um método soft-start (grupo soft-start), tendo distância inicial de 6mm por 20 segundos, seguido de distância mínima por mais 10 segundos; e um terceiro grupo utilizou a tecnologia PLS (grupo DEMI), fornecida pelo equipamento DEMI, que fornece uma luz pulsada e permite a polimerização adequada de uma resina composta em 5 segundos (segundo o fabricante). Após 24 horas de restaurados, mantidos em estufa a 37ºC, os dentes foram seccionados no sentido inciso cervical resultando em 60 corpos de prova, sendo metade deles utilizados em cada teste (N=10). As metades tiveram as superfícies correspondentes ao corte transversal lixadas até a obtenção de superfícies planas e polidas...

Use of scanning electron microscopy for the evaluation of intestinal epithelium integrity

Gomide Junior, Marcio Heber; Sterzo, Elton Vinícius; Macari, Marcos; Boleli, Isabel Cristina
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1500-1505
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.2%
Propõe-se, neste trabalho, o uso de microscopia eletrônica de varredura para avaliar perda de epitélio intestinal da mucosa intestinal de pintos machos e fêmeas submetidos a prolongado jejum pós-eclosão de água e ração. Dois segmentos do duodeno, jejuno e íleo por ave foram coletados e processados pelo método de rotina para microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Seis diferentes graus de perda de epitélio intestinal foram determinados: grau 0, vilos normais, sem extrusão; grau 1, vilos com pequenos pontos de extrusão; grau 2, vilos com perda de epitélio no ápice; grau 3, vilos com perda de epitélio na região apical; grau 4, vilos com perda de epitélio em sua metade superior; grau 5: vilos sem epitélio; grau 6: vilo quebrado. As três regiões intestinais das fêmeas apresentaram aproximadamente 90% de seus vilos normais (graus 0 e 1), enquanto nos machos ocorreu 38% de vilos normais no duodeno e jejuno e 85% no íleo. Além disso, machos apresentaram graus mais acentuados de perda de epitélio (graus 3, 4, 5 e 6) que as fêmeas (grau 3). Os dados indicaram que a mucosa intestinal de pintos machos é mais sensível a prolongado jejum pós-eclosão que a de pintos fêmeas. A microscopia eletrônica de varredura pode ser usada como um método de rotina seguro para a caracterização e quantificação de perda de epitélio intestinal.; This work reports the use of scanning electron microscopy to evaluate intestinal epithelium loss in broilers. Intestinal mucosa of male and female chicks submitted to prolonged period post-hatching of water and feed deprivation was evaluated. Two segments of the duodenum...

The structure of the human temporomandibular joint disc: A scanning electron microscopy study

Minarelli, Ana M.; Del Santo Jr., Marinho; Liberti, Edson A.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 95-100
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.2%
The articular disc of the temporomandibular joint was studied in fetuses (16 to 39 weeks of intrauterine life), infants (up to 4 months of age), dentulous adults (aged 30 to 39 years), and completely edentulous adults (aged 60 to 69 years) by scanning electron microscopy. The constituent bundles of collagen fibers were stratified and were oriented anteroposteriorly, laterolaterally, and obliquely in the middle portion of the disc. A ring of laterolateral bundles constituted the main feature of the thick posterior portion. In the anterior portion of the disc, the fibers were anteroposteriorly and obliquely oriented. On the superior and inferior surfaces of the disc, a thin layer of perpendicularly arranged collagen fibers covered the underlying, thick, laterolateral oriented collagen fibers.

Scanning electron microscopy study of the choroid plexus in the monkey (Cebus apella apella)

Tamega, Oisenyl José; Tirapelli, Luís Fernando; Petroni, Sidnei
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 820-825
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.24%
The cells of the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricles of the monkey Cebus apella apella were examined through scanning electron microscopy at contributing to the description of such structures in primates. The animals were anesthetized previously with 3% hypnol intraperitoneally and after perfusion with 2.5% glutaraldehyde, samples of the choroid plexus were collected after exhibition of the central portion and inferior horn of the lateral ventricles. The ventricular surface of those cells presents globose form as well as fine interlaced protrusions named microvilli. Among those, it is observed the presence of some cilia. Resting on the choroid epithelial cells there is a variable number of free cells, with fine prolongations which extend from them. They are probably macrophages and have been compared to Kolmer cells or epiplexus cells, located on choroid epithelium. The choroid plexus of the encephalic lateral ventricles of the monkey Cebus apella apella at scanning electron microscopy is similar to that of other primates, as well as to that of other species of mammals mainly cats and rats, and also humans.

Corneal endothelium of the Magellanic penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) by scanning electron microscopy

Pigatto, João A. T.; Laus, José L.; Santos, Jaime M.; Cerva, Cristine; Cunha, Luciana S.; Ruoppolo, Valéria; Barros, Paulo S. M.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 702-705
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.2%
The corneal endothelium is essential for the maintenance of the corneal transparency. The aim of this study was to examine the morphology of the endothelial surface and perform morphometric analysis of the normal corneal endothelial cells of the Magellanic penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus) using scanning electron microscopy. The present work demonstrates that the corneal endothelium of the Magellanic penguin is similar to those described in other vertebrates. Copyright 2005 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians.

Scanning electron microscopy evaluation of the effect of etching agents on human enamel surface

Zanet, Caio G.; Arana-Chavez, Victor E.; Fava, Marcelo
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 247-250
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.2%
Acid etching promotes microporosities on enamel surface, which provide a better bonding surface to adhesive materials. The purpose of this study was to comparatively analyze the microstructure of enamel surface after etching with 37% phosphoric acid or with two self-etching primers, Non-rinse conditioner (NRC) and Clearfil SE Bond (CSEB) using scanning electron microscopy. Thirty sound premolars were divided into 3 groups with ten teeth each: Group 1: the buccal surface was etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 15 seconds; Group 2: the buccal surface was etched with NRC for 20 seconds; Group 3: the buccal surface was etched with CSEB for 20 seconds. Teeth from Group 1 were rinsed with water; teeth from all groups were air-dried for 15 seconds. After that, all specimens were processed for scanning electron microscopy and analyzed in a Jeol 6100 SEM. The results showed deeper etching when the enamel surface was etched with 37% phosphoric acid, followed by NRC and CSEB. It is concluded that 37% phosphoric acid is still the best agent for a most effective enamel etching.

Comparative in vivo study of commercially pure Ti implants with surfaces modified by laser with and without silicate deposition: Biomechanical and scanning electron microscopy analysis

Souza, Francisley A.; Queiroz, Thallita P.; Guastaldi, Antônio C.; Garcia-Júnior, Idelmo R.; Magro-Filho, Osvaldo; Nishioka, Renato S.; Sisti, Karin E.; Sonoda, Celso K.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 76-84
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.21%
The purpose of this study was to evaluate commercially pure titanium implant surfaces modified by laser beam (LS) and LS associated with sodium silicate (SS) deposition, and compare them with machined surface (MS) and dual acid-etching surfaces (AS) modified. Topographic characterization was performed by scanning electron microscopy-X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDX), and by mean roughness measurement before surgery. Thirty rabbits received 60 implants in their right and left tibias. One implant of each surface in each tibia. The implants were removed by reverse torque for vivo biomechanical analysis at 30, 60, and 90 days postoperative. In addition, the surface of the implants removed at 30 days postoperative was analyzed by SEM-EDX. The topographic characterization showed differences between the analyzed surfaces, and the mean roughness values of LS and SS were statistically higher than AS and MS. At 30 days, values removal torque LS and SS groups showed a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) when compared with MS and AS. At 60 days, groups LS and SS showed statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) when compared with MS. At 90 days, only group SS presented statistically higher (p < 0.05) in comparison with MS. The authors can conclude that physical chemistry properties and topographical of LS and SS implants increases bone-implant interaction and provides higher degree of osseointegration when compared with MS and AS. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals...

Correlative fractography: Combining scanning electron microscopy and light microscopes for qualitative and quantitative analysis of fracture surfaces

De Oliveira Hein, Luis Rogerio.; De Oliveira, José Alberto; De Campos, Kamila Amato
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 496-500
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.13%
Correlative fractography is a new expression proposed here to describe a new method for the association between scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light microscopy (LM) for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of fracture surfaces. This article presents a new method involving the fusion of one elevation map obtained by extended depth from focus reconstruction from LM with exactly the same area by SEM and associated techniques, as X-ray mapping. The true topographic information is perfectly associated to local fracture mechanisms with this new technique, presented here as an alternative to stereo-pair reconstruction for the investigation of fractured components. The great advantage of this technique resides in the possibility of combining any imaging methods associated with LM and SEM for the same observed field from fracture surface. © Microscopy Society of America 2013.

Scanning Electron Microscopy of the Tongue, Pharynx, and Larynx of Rats Exposed to Cigarette Smoke

Garcia Martins, Regina Helena; Goncalves, Tatiana Maria; Madeira, Sergio Luis; Dias, Norimar Hernandes; Semenzati, Graziela de Oliveira
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 4
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.14%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Objective. To examine, by using scanning electron microscopy, the surface of the tongue, pharynx, and larynx of animals exposed to tobacco.Study Design. Experimental study.Methods. Twenty rats were allocated to two groups: group I, control group: 10 rats not exposed to any inhaling pollutant and group II, tobacco group: 10 rats exposed to smoke from 10 cigarettes twice a day for 260 days. Animals of both groups had no restriction of food or water. After those 260 days, their aerodigestive segment was removed, and fragments of their tongue, hypopharynx, and right vocal fold were immersed in 2.5% glutaraldehyde and prepared for scanning electron microscopy.Results. The filiform tongue papillae of the tobacco group were irregularly displayed, flattened, and adhered to each other. The hypopharynx mucosa was highly irregular, thickened, rough and had increased superficial peeling. The mucosa of the vocal folds had deep furrows surrounding the cells. These alterations were not identified for the control group.Conclusion. Several changes were recorded for the tongue, pharynx, and larynx of tobacco group animals, confirming the harmful effects of smoking to the respiratory and digestive epithelium.

The Application of Fluorescence Microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy in the Detection of Delayed Ettringite Formation in Concrete

Matos, L.; Silva, A.S.; Soares, D.; Salta, M.; Mirao, J.; Candeias, A.
Fonte: Trans Tech Publications Publicador: Trans Tech Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.12%
The degradation of concrete structures caused by delayed ettringite formation (DEF) is a problem that nowadays affects many concrete structures worldwide. This pathology is due to the formation of an expansive compound – ettringite - inside the material. This is a hydrated calcium sulphoaluminate produced by the chemical reaction between sulphate ions, calcium hydroxide and alumina present in the Portland cement paste. This product, normally formed during the hydration of cement, presents an acicular morphology (needles) that can be observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). However, DEF can also be formed after the setting of the cement causing, in this case, a deleterious expansion of the concrete. This secondary ettringite can also be produced after an excessive heating of the concrete, caused by a high amount of cement or by the use of heat cure. SEM has been used to distinguish between expansive and non expansive ettringite based normally in morphology analysis, since the former is characterized by a compressed or compact nature where the needle shapes disappear or are welded together. Furthermore, the use of other techniques, like X-ray diffraction or micro-XRF, has been limited because the compressed or compact ettringite is badly crystallized or even amorphous and the elemental composition is similar and therefore it is difficult to detect. This article presents a methodology for the diagnosis of DEF using polished concrete thin sections and combining polarised and fluorescence light optical microscopy with SEM-EDS.

Scanning electron microscopy study of the choroid plexus in the monkey (Cebus apella apella)

TAMEGA,OISENYL JOSÉ; TIRAPELLI,LUÍS FERNANDO; PETRONI,SIDNEI
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.14%
The cells of the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricles of the monkey Cebus apella apella were examined through scanning electron microscopy at contributing to the description of such structures in primates. The animals were anesthetized previously with 3% hypnol intraperitoneally and after perfusion with 2.5% glutaraldehyde, samples of the choroid plexus were collected after exhibition of the central portion and inferior horn of the lateral ventricles. The ventricular surface of those cells presents globose form as well as fine interlaced protrusions named microvilli. Among those, it is observed the presence of some cilia. Resting on the choroid epithelial cells there is a variable number of free cells, with fine prolongations which extend from them. They are probably macrophages and have been compared to Kolmer cells or epiplexus cells, located on choroid epithelium. The choroid plexus of the encephalic lateral ventricles of the monkey Cebus apella apella at scanning electron microscopy is similar to that of other primates, as well as to that of other species of mammals mainly cats and rats, and also humans.

External morphology of sensory structures of fourth instar larvae of neotropical species of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) under scanning electron microscopy

Pessoa,Felipe Arley Costa; Queiroz,Raul Guerra de; Ward,Richard Douglas
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.11%
In the present study, some morphological structures of antennae, maxillary palps and caudal setae of fourth instar larvae of laboratory-reared phlebotomine sand flies (Lutzomyia longipalpis, L. migonei, L. evandroi, L. lenti, L. sericea, L. whitmani and L. intermedia) of the State of Ceará, Brazil, were examined under scanning electron microscopy. The antennal structures exhibited considerable variation in the morphology and position. A prominent digitiform distal segment has been observed only on the antenna of species of the subgenus Nyssomyia. The taxonomic relevance of this and other antennal structure is discussed. The papiliform structures found in the maxillae and the porous structures of the caudal setae of all species examined may have chemosensory function. Further studies with transmission electron microscopy are needed to better understand the physiological function of these external structures.

Use of scanning electron microscopy for the evaluation of intestinal epithelium integrity

Gomide Junior,Marcio Heber; Sterzo,Elton Vinícius; Macari,Marcos; Boleli,Isabel Cristina
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.2%
This work reports the use of scanning electron microscopy to evaluate intestinal epithelium loss in broilers. Intestinal mucosa of male and female chicks submitted to prolonged period post-hatching of water and feed deprivation was evaluated. Two segments of the duodenum, jejunum and ileum were taken per bird, and routinely processed by scanning electron microscopy. Six distinct degrees of epithelium loss were determined: degree 0, normal villi without apparent extrusion; degree 1, villi presenting small areas of epithelium loss; degree 2, villi without epithelium at the apex; degree 3, villi without epithelium at the apical region; degree 4, villi without epithelium in the upper half; degree 5, lack of epithelium in the whole villus; degree 6, loss of villi. Fasted male chicks presented only up to 38% of normal villi (degree 0 and 1) in the duodenum and jejunum, and 85% in the ileum, whereas fasted female chicks presented approximately 92% of normal villi in the three intestinal regions. Besides this, fasted male chicks had more accentuated degrees of epithelium loss (degrees 3, 4, 5 and 6) than females (degree 3). Data indicated that the intestinal mucosa in male chicks presents higher susceptibility to prolonged fasting than in females. Scanning electron microscopy is shown to be a reliable routine technique to characterize and quantify intestinal epithelium loss.

Frozen in time: a new method using cryo-scanning electron microscopy to visualize root-fungal interactions

Refshauge, Stephen Johnson; Watt, Michelle; McCully, Margaret E; Huang, Cheng
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.19%
• A new method of sample preparation for cryo-scanning electron microscopy was used to visualize internal infection of wheat (Triticum aestivum) roots by the pathogenic fungus Rhizoctonia solani AG-8. The new method retained fungal hyphae and root cells