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Heydrichia (?) poignantii, sp nov (Sporolithaceae, Sporolithales, Rhodophyta), a 100 million year old fossil coralline red alga from north-eastern Brazil, and a new Hauterivian record of Sporolithon from Switzerland

Woelkerling, William J.; Granier, Bruno; Dias-Brito, Dimas
Fonte: Carnets Geologie Publicador: Carnets Geologie
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 139-158
ENG
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36.78%
Fossil specimens of Heydrichia (?) poignantii, sp. nov. (Sporolithaceae, Sporolithales, Rhodophyta), representing the first confirmation of the genus in the fossil record, were discovered in thin sections of Albian limestones from the Riachuelo Formation, Sergipe Basin, and in thin sections of Albian -Cenomanian limestones from the Ponta do Mel Formation, Potiguar Basin in north-eastern Brazil. A detailed morphological-anatomical account of the species is provided, and its placement in Heydrichia is discussed in relation to current classification proposals. Comparisons with the four other known species of the genus, all non-fossil, show that H. poignantii is the only known species of Heydrichia in which thalli are encrusting to sparsely warty to horizontally layered with overlapping lamellate branches that commonly appear variously curved or arched, and in which thalli have sporangial complexes that become buried in the thallus. The evolutionary history of Heydrichia remains uncertain, but available data suggest that the genus may have diverged from the sporolithacean genus Sporolithon, known as early as Hauterivian times (c. 129.4-132.9 +/- 1 Ma) from Spain (and newly reported here from Switzerland), or it may have arisen from a graticulacean alga such as Graticula...

Measles, mumps, and rubella: monitoring in Switzerland through a sentinel network, 1986-94. Sentinella Arbeitsgemeinschaft.

Matter, H C; Cloetta, J; Zimmermann, H
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1995 EN
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STUDY OBJECTIVES--Since 1986, the national sentinel network in Switzerland (Sentinella) has collected reports of measles, mumps, and rubella cases in order to evaluate the impact of the Swiss MMR vaccination campaign (started in 1987) on disease frequency. DESIGN--Passive surveillance of clinical measles, mumps, and rubella cases through a voluntary physician based sentinel network in Switzerland. SETTING--Each year between June 1986 and May 1994, 150 to 200 general practitioners, specialists in internal medicine, and paediatricians in private practice covering the whole country have reported weekly numbers of consultations. PATIENTS--Every patient who fulfilled the case definition and consulted a physician participating in the Sentinella network was reported. MAIN RESULTS--Since 1986, the annual number of reported measles cases per physician has fallen--from 1.3 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.11, 1.50) in 1986-87 to 0.4 (95% CI 0.30, 0.50) in 1993-94. A decreasing trend, although less pronounced, was also observed for rubella. An initial decrease in mumps cases was reported--from 1.8 (95% CI 1.57, 2.03) annually reported cases per physician in 1986-87 to 0.7 (95% CI 0.55, 0.83) in 1989-90. This was followed, however, by a net and sustained increase. In 1993-94...

International perspectives on the prescription of heroin to dependent users: A collection of papers from the United Kingdom, Switzerland, the Netherlands and Australia

Bammer, Gabriele
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 207368 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
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Papers: Prescription Heroin as Treatment for Dependence - Current UK Situation (Philip M Fleming). Heroin and the “British System” (H B Spear). Koda-1 in Bern: Medical Aspects (Robert B Haemmig). Psycho-Social Assistance in one of the Swiss Heroin Trials (Urs Vontobel). Heroin Substitution Trials in Switzerland - Context, Preliminary Data and Findings from an Evaluation Perspective (Dieter Ladewig and Peter Kury). The Prescription of Heroin to Heroin Addicts: A Proposal for the Netherlands (Ferdinand Sturmans). Heroin Prescription - A Comparison of the English, Swiss, Dutch and Australian Situations (Gabriele Bammer).; no

Portraits of the Nation : stamps, coins and banknotes in Belgium and Switzerland, 1880-1945

SCHWARZENBACH, Alexis
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Paper
EN
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Portraits of the Nation offers a fascinating insight into the construction and development of national identity in two multilingual countries—Belgium and Switzerland. This book not only shows that multilingualism was no obstacle for the development of national identity—in both countries it was used as a positive means of collective identification —it also demonstrates that other means of identification were much more important. These were found on a national and supra-linguistic level—in Belgium the Royal Family and in Switzerland the Alps—and on a local and sublinguistic level—in Belgium mainly the provinces and in Switzerland the cantons. This study also shows that, contrary to what might be expected, Belgium was often more successful than Switzerland in constructing and adapting its national identity, especially in the inter-war years. Combining written and iconographic sources found in the archives of the national banks, mints and Post Offices in Berne and Brussels this book furthermore fills in an important historiographical gap using stamps, coins and banknotes as historical sources for the first time. Often neglected by historians, Alexis Schwarzenbach successfully argues that these sources have to be seen as important lieux de mernoire and that they are ideally suited for the study of the interrelated topics of memory and identity.; Defence date: 13 December 1997; Examining board: Prof. Urs Altermatt...

Centripetal democracy : democratic legitimacy and regional integration in Belgium, Switzerland and the European Union

LACEY, Joseph
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
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This dissertation aims to arrive at a model of democratic legitimacy for the European Union. There is, however, a strain of thought pre-dominant in political theory since the nineteenth century that doubts the capacity of political systems constituted by multiple public spheres to have sustainable democratic systems. This view is referred to here as the lingua franca thesis on sustainable democratic systems (LFT). It states that, in the absence of a common language for political debate, democracy cannot function well in the long-term as citizens existing in distinctive public spheres will inevitably come to have diverging preferences that cannot be satisfactorily resolved by a collective democratic process. Poor quality democratic institutions, as well as acute demands to divide the political system (through devolution or secession) so that state and society become more congruent, are predicted by this thesis. To arrive at a model of democratic legitimacy for the EU, in light of the challenge presented by the LFT, three major steps are taken. Part One attempts to arrive at an account of democratic legitimacy as a realistic ideal for modern political systems. Understanding democracy as a system which strives to maximise citizens’ equal opportunities for control over the decisions to which they are subject...

Media content analysis of the Indian community in Switzerland

OBADIC, Ivan
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
EN
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36.92%
DEMO: India-EU MaP - Developing Evidence based Management and Operations in India-EU Migration and Partnership; This report outlines the findings of a two-year analysis of media coverage of the Indian community in Switzerland. The focus of this study is on issues related to business/investment, crime, education, labour market, culture, integration initiatives and religion. The analysis revealed that the Indian community in Switzerland receives relatively little attention in the media.

St Gotthard Pass- a protecting fort - Switzerland; Image 114 of 338:

Fonte: Rice University Publicador: Rice University
Tipo: photographs; Image
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Fort du Scex, located along the Saint Gotthard Pass in Switzerland. The pass is located between Ticino, Switzerland and Uri, Switzerland. The fort and ground are covered in snow. Original resource is a black and white photograph.; In 1908, the Rice Institute Board of Trustees sent their newly chosen President, Edgar Odell Lovett, on a world tour seeking out the best aspects of the leading colleges and universities. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett traveled in the company of their secretary, Mr. Carrington Weems, who took these photos to document their travels. They are images of places, more so than people. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett themselves are generally not featured. Each image has an image number that reflects the order in which it was taken on the trip, from number 1 (beginning in Canada and going east around the world) through number 338 (returning to the U.S. through California and ending in Texas), ranging in date from 1908-1909. The names of each image were recorded by Carrington Weems, with the only exception being a county name added in parenthesis when the place name was not present in Weems' original title.

St Gotthard Pass - Looking down Military Road - Switzerland; Image 115 of 338

Fonte: Rice University Publicador: Rice University
Tipo: photographs; Image
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A snowy military road along the Saint Gotthard Pass in Switzerland. The Alps are in the background. Original resource is a black and white photograph.; In 1908, the Rice Institute Board of Trustees sent their newly chosen President, Edgar Odell Lovett, on a world tour seeking out the best aspects of the leading colleges and universities. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett traveled in the company of their secretary, Mr. Carrington Weems, who took these photos to document their travels. They are images of places, more so than people. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett themselves are generally not featured. Each image has an image number that reflects the order in which it was taken on the trip, from number 1 (beginning in Canada and going east around the world) through number 338 (returning to the U.S. through California and ending in Texas), ranging in date from 1908-1909. The names of each image were recorded by Carrington Weems, with the only exception being a county name added in parenthesis when the place name was not present in Weems' original title.

View south from the top of St Gotthard Pass - Switzerland; Image 116 of 338

Fonte: Rice University Publicador: Rice University
Tipo: photographs; Image
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
The snow-covered Alps taken from atop the Saint Gotthard Pass in Switzerland. The photograph was taken facing south. Road piers can be seen at the bottom of the photograph. Original resource is a black and white photograph.; In 1908, the Rice Institute Board of Trustees sent their newly chosen President, Edgar Odell Lovett, on a world tour seeking out the best aspects of the leading colleges and universities. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett traveled in the company of their secretary, Mr. Carrington Weems, who took these photos to document their travels. They are images of places, more so than people. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett themselves are generally not featured. Each image has an image number that reflects the order in which it was taken on the trip, from number 1 (beginning in Canada and going east around the world) through number 338 (returning to the U.S. through California and ending in Texas), ranging in date from 1908-1909. The names of each image were recorded by Carrington Weems, with the only exception being a county name added in parenthesis when the place name was not present in Weems' original title.

Looking north down St Gotthard Pass - Switzerland; Image 117 of 338

Fonte: Rice University Publicador: Rice University
Tipo: photographs; Image
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
Snow-covered Alps taken from atop the Saint Gotthard Pass in Switzerland. The photograph was taken facing north. Original resource is a black and white photograph.; In 1908, the Rice Institute Board of Trustees sent their newly chosen President, Edgar Odell Lovett, on a world tour seeking out the best aspects of the leading colleges and universities. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett traveled in the company of their secretary, Mr. Carrington Weems, who took these photos to document their travels. They are images of places, more so than people. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett themselves are generally not featured. Each image has an image number that reflects the order in which it was taken on the trip, from number 1 (beginning in Canada and going east around the world) through number 338 (returning to the U.S. through California and ending in Texas), ranging in date from 1908-1909. The names of each image were recorded by Carrington Weems, with the only exception being a county name added in parenthesis when the place name was not present in Weems' original title.

St Gotthards Pass - Andermatt - Switzerland; Image 118 of 338

Fonte: Rice University Publicador: Rice University
Tipo: photographs; Image
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.13%
The Alps on the Saint Gotthard Pass in Switzerland. Andermatt, Switzerland can be seen at the bottom of the Alps. Original resource is a black and white photograph.; In 1908, the Rice Institute Board of Trustees sent their newly chosen President, Edgar Odell Lovett, on a world tour seeking out the best aspects of the leading colleges and universities. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett traveled in the company of their secretary, Mr. Carrington Weems, who took these photos to document their travels. They are images of places, more so than people. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett themselves are generally not featured. Each image has an image number that reflects the order in which it was taken on the trip, from number 1 (beginning in Canada and going east around the world) through number 338 (returning to the U.S. through California and ending in Texas), ranging in date from 1908-1909. The names of each image were recorded by Carrington Weems, with the only exception being a county name added in parenthesis when the place name was not present in Weems' original title.

A Depot at the Summit - St Gotthard Pass, Switzerland; Image 119 of 338

Fonte: Rice University Publicador: Rice University
Tipo: photographs; Image
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.08%
A travel depot at the summit of the Saint Gotthard Pass in Switzerland, covered in snow. Original resource is a black and white photograph.; In 1908, the Rice Institute Board of Trustees sent their newly chosen President, Edgar Odell Lovett, on a world tour seeking out the best aspects of the leading colleges and universities. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett traveled in the company of their secretary, Mr. Carrington Weems, who took these photos to document their travels. They are images of places, more so than people. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett themselves are generally not featured. Each image has an image number that reflects the order in which it was taken on the trip, from number 1 (beginning in Canada and going east around the world) through number 338 (returning to the U.S. through California and ending in Texas), ranging in date from 1908-1909. The names of each image were recorded by Carrington Weems, with the only exception being a county name added in parenthesis when the place name was not present in Weems' original title.

Airolo - the end of the road - Switzerland; Image 122 of 338

Fonte: Rice University Publicador: Rice University
Tipo: photographs; Image
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
A street in the town of Airolo, Switzerland. Houses line the street and snow has been partially cleared for a walkway. Original resource is a black and white photograph.; In 1908, the Rice Institute Board of Trustees sent their newly chosen President, Edgar Odell Lovett, on a world tour seeking out the best aspects of the leading colleges and universities. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett traveled in the company of their secretary, Mr. Carrington Weems, who took these photos to document their travels. They are images of places, more so than people. Dr. and Mrs. Lovett themselves are generally not featured. Each image has an image number that reflects the order in which it was taken on the trip, from number 1 (beginning in Canada and going east around the world) through number 338 (returning to the U.S. through California and ending in Texas), ranging in date from 1908-1909. The names of each image were recorded by Carrington Weems, with the only exception being a county name added in parenthesis when the place name was not present in Weems' original title.

Social representations of religious pluralism in Switzerland

BECCI, Irene; BOVAY, Claude
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.78%
Les auteurs de cet article proposent une analyse des représentations sociales concernant la diversité religieuse en Suisse et les attentes à l'égard de l'État dans ce domaine. L'analyse empirique de données récentes montre que la grande majorité de la population associe positivement Églises établies et pouvoir politique, et attend de l'État qu'il encadre la reconnaissance sociale et politique de la diversité religieuse. D'un côté, le christianisme apparaît comme une référence sociale, culturelle, éthique et politique importante pour une grande partie de la population. D'un autre côté, l'État est considéré comme le régulateur des " autres " religions, notamment pour limiter le potentiel de violence ou de déstabilisation sociale qui leur est associé. Selon les auteurs, cette manière de combiner religieux et politique questionne la thèse de la privatisation et pousse à penser conjointement pluralisation et établissement religieux.; The authors of this article analyse the social representations of religious diversity in Switzerland and the expectations regarding the State in this sphere. Analysis of recent empirical data shows that the large majority of the population associates positively established churches with political power and expects the State to frame the social and political recognition of religious diversity. On the one hand...

Are academically weak youths really not ready for vocational training? : a longitudinal analysis of vocational training trajectories of youths with low cognitive competencies in Switzerland

BUCHHOLZ, Sandra; IMDORF, Christian; HUPKA-BRUNNER, Sandra; BLOSSFELD, Hans Peter
Fonte: Vs Verlag Sozialwissenschaften-Gwv Fachverlage Gmbh Publicador: Vs Verlag Sozialwissenschaften-Gwv Fachverlage Gmbh
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
DE
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.92%
For several years, there is an increasing discussion in Germany that youths are less and less ready for vocational training. According to these reports that have been published by employers' representatives, there exists a relatively high share of youths whose cognitive competencies are too low to be successfully integrated into the German dual training system. Our article aims at investigating the maturity of youths with low cognitive competencies in a longitudinal design for Switzerland. The Swiss educational system resembles the German educational system in various main aspects and PISA has shown that the share of pupils with low competencies is comparably high in both countries. For our empirical analyses, we will use youth panel data from the Swiss TREE study which allows us to identify youths with low cognitive competencies and to follow their training trajectories after finishing compulsory schooling. Our results show that in the German neighbour Switzerland also youths with low competencies can be successfully integreated into the vocational training system. In contrast to Germany, the Swiss system thus is far more successful in offering also academically weak youths to obtain vocational training.

What do young Australians think of Switzerland?

Marti, Rebecca
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
The research conducted for this report aims to give an idea of how young Australians perceive Switzerland. This research was undertaken for the Embassy of Switzerland, who are interested in the outcome of the research. The research itself was conducted through a survey and interviews. There were thirty-eight respondents in total for the survey, and three interviews done with Dr Susan Oguro (Senior Lecturer at the University of Technology Sydney), an Australian who has not been overseas before, and an Australian who has lived in Switzerland. These interviews allowed for more in-depth and specific questioning relative to their background and the two extremes became a basis for comparison. The survey itself (seen in Appendix 1) was open to anyone who identified as Australian and was in the age range of eighteen to thirty. It was made up of two sections; the first had a number of questions to discern the respondents' background and travel history, and the second contained five questions on Switzerland. Whilst this research is about what young Australians think of Switzerland, whether or not young Australians know anything about it as a nation was brought into question. Prior to surveying young Australians, it was predicted that the survey would yield results from respondents with a varying degree of knowledge of Switzerland. This was certainly the case...

Reforming Federal Systems: Insights from Australia, Canada, Germany and Switzerland

Broschek, Jörg
Fonte: CÉRIUM Publicador: CÉRIUM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
Reform represents a distinct mode of change within federal systems that can be distinguished from passive adaptation. Through reform, political actors deliberately seek to alter parts of the federal institutional architecture so as to modify or even reverse an established historical trajectory. This study systematically explores the variety of reform patterns in federal systems by looking at instances of institutional reforms in four federations (Australia, Canada, Germany and Switzerland) since the early 1990s. It demonstrates that reform patterns exhibit interesting similarities and differences. To a great extent, these are largely contingent on the nature of problems that different types of federalism tend to produce. The study detects similarities between Australia and Canada, where federal reforms sought to strengthen mechanisms of collaboration and to address the vertical fiscal imbalance, and between Germany and Switzerland, where dis-entanglement occurred as the leitmotiv of federal reforms. At the same time, the study finds no systematic connection between one of the two identified reform patterns on the one hand, the sustainability of federal reforms on the other hand. While Australia and Switzerland seem to represent examples of rather sustainable reform pathways...

Prevalence rates of at risk, problematic and pathological gambling in Switzerland

Brodbeck,Jeannette; Duerrenberger,Sara; Znoj,Hansjoerg
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychiatry Publicador: The European Journal of Psychiatry
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2009 ENG
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36.92%
Background and Objectives: Few studies have assessed pathological gambling in Switzerland. We employed the National Opinion Research Center DSM Screen for Gambling Problems (NODS) to assess prevalence of gambling problems in German- and Italian-speaking Switzerland. Methods: A random sample of 4997 individuals participated in a computer-assisted telephone interview in 2007 and 1388 of the individuals who refused to participate on the telephone interview completed a paper questionnaire. The total sample included 6385 participants (52% women); the return rate was 52.2%. Results: Among the general population over 18 years of age, 2% engaged in lifetime at-risk gambling, 0.5% in problematic and 0.3% in pathological gambling. We found past-year prevalence rates of 0.7% of at-risk gambling, 0.1% for problematic and 0.02% for pathological gambling. Conclusions: These rates are at the lower end of international statistics and are lower than rates in previous Swiss studies. This may be due to measures to reduce false positive diagnoses in our study. Large differences between lifetime and past-year prevalence rates indicate that problematic and pathological gambling are not necessarily progressive and chronic disorders.

Adherence: a review of education, research, practice and policy in Switzerland

Schneider,Marie P.; Krummenacher,Isabelle; Figueiredo,Hugo; Marquis,Julien; Bugnon,Oliver
Fonte: Pharmacy Practice (Internet) Publicador: Pharmacy Practice (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2009 ENG
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Nonadherence to medication treatment regimens is a major preventable risk behavior in both acute and chronic diseases. Community pharmacists are facilitators in community care for promoting medication adherence and they should implement interdisciplinary medication adherence programs. To do so, pharmacists should be educated in medication adherence, and new pharmaceutical care policies should be implemented. The healthcare system should evolve to better meet the specific needs of patients. Aims: this article describes what has been undertaken in the last decade in medication adherence in terms of education, research, practice and policy in Switzerland. Methods: Medline was searched, with the search limited to Switzerland. The three Swiss pharmacy schools were also contacted to collect information about the medication adherence content of both their courses and research programs. National policies related to medication adherence were also reviewed for relevant content. Results: Education: two pharmacy schools offer courses devoted specifically to medication adherence. The number of hours dedicated to the topic varies between 4 to13. Research: a total of 16 studies met the inclusion criteria. Chronic patients were the focus of 9 studies. Medication adherence was the primary outcome of all studies; 10 studies also measured clinical outcomes. Nine studies evaluated the prevalence of medication nonadherence; three studies evaluated the feasibility of new technologies for monitoring adherence; three studies evaluated medication adherence enhancing programs. Policies: three cognitive pharmaceutical services are reimbursed by healthcare insurers...

Medication reviews led by community pharmacists in Switzerland: a qualitative survey to evaluate barriers and facilitators

Niquille,Anne; Lattmann,Chantal; Bugnon,Oliver
Fonte: Pharmacy Practice (Internet) Publicador: Pharmacy Practice (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/03/2010 ENG
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36.92%
Objective: 1) To evaluate the participation rate and identify the practical barriers to implementing a community pharmacist-led medication review service in francophone Switzerland and, 2) To assess the effectiveness of external support. Methods: A qualitative survey was undertaken to identify barriers to patient inclusion and medication review delivery in daily practice among all contactable independent pharmacists working in francophone Switzerland (n=78) who were members of a virtual chain (pharmacieplus), regardless of their participation in a simultaneous cross-sectional study. This study analyzed the dissemination of a medication review service including a prescription and drug utilization review with access to clinical data, a patient interview and a pharmaceutical report to the physicians. In addition, we observed an exploratory and external coaching for pharmacists that we launched seven months after the beginning of the cross-sectional study. Results: Poor motivation on the part of pharmacists and difficulties communicating with physicians and patients were the primary obstacles identified. Lack of time and lack of self-confidence in administering the medication review process were the most commonly perceived practical barriers to the implementation of the new service. The main facilitators to overcome these issues may be well-planned workflow organization techniques...