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Sustainable energy in sustainable agriculture

GOŁASZEWSKI, J.; BAPTISTA, F.J.
Fonte: University of Life Sciences, Lublin, Poland and University of Évora, Portugal Publicador: University of Life Sciences, Lublin, Poland and University of Évora, Portugal
Tipo: Parte de Livro
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
The presented integrated production-energy system for rural areas integrates biorefinery processes within agro-energy complexes for production of biological raw material for numerous bio-products and energy generation from local renewable sources assuming restitution of the natural environment resources, low emissions and minimizing other environment pollutions. The presented scenarios are encompassed within the frameworks of the future market bioeconomy in which the share of services and products resulting from use of innovative biotechnological processes and energy generation will be significant. Areas with large resources of agricultural, forest and water management raw materials as well as those focused on environment-supportive activities, including bioconversion to biofuels and bioenergy, are particularly predisposed for actions in the area of rational use of natural resources and bioeconomy in the circular system. Mutually linked, sustainable development of local energy generation and agriculture will be the determinant of bioeconomy development.

Energy Demand Models for Policy Formulation : A Comparative Study of Energy Demand Models

Bhattacharyya, Subhes C.; Timilsina, Govinda R.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
This paper critically reviews existing energy demand forecasting methodologies highlighting the methodological diversities and developments over the past four decades in order to investigate whether the existing energy demand models are appropriate for capturing the specific features of developing countries. The study finds that two types of approaches, econometric and end-use accounting, are used in the existing energy demand models. Although energy demand models have greatly evolved since the early 1970s, key issues such as the poor-rich and urban-rural divides, traditional energy resources, and differentiation between commercial and non-commercial energy commodities are often poorly reflected in these models. While the end-use energy accounting models with detailed sector representations produce more realistic projections compared with the econometric models, they still suffer from huge data deficiencies especially in developing countries. Development and maintenance of more detailed energy databases...

Energy and Development Report 2001 - Energy and the Environment

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
This 2001 Energy and Development Report reflects on the progress made since July 1999, when the need to include environmental concerns in energy sector development was acknowledged. The review looks at the context in which the energy, and environment debate is now set, and examines the primary outcomes of the strategy in relative depth. The second part reviews ways to create the framework for energy and environment, by enhancing capacity building, the knowledge base, and dissemination practices, through case studies and perspectives on sustainable energy systems. Reducing air pollution is further explored in the context of facilitating the transition from traditional, to modern fuels, by improving access to modern energy, while protecting the health of - mainly - urban residents from air pollution. In addition, through case studies on district heating, power distribution, and, initiatives regarding gas flaring reduction, the report focuses on the promotion of environmentally, sustainable development of energy resources...

Energy Services Market Development : Scaling Up Energy Efficiency in Buildings in the Western Balkans

Limaye, Dilip; Singh, Jas; Hofer, Kathrin
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.93%
The development of private sector energy service providers (ESPs), including energy service companies (ESCOs), that specialize in energy efficiency (EE) project development and implementation can help overcome some of the important barriers to scaling up implementation of energy efficiency (EE) projects, particularly in the public sector. ESPs can offer a range of services spanning the energy services value chain and provide the technical skills and resources needed to identify and implement EE opportunities, perform services using performance based contracts (thereby reducing the risks to the energy users), facilitate access to financing from commercial lenders, and enable the energy users to pay for the services from the cost savings achieved. This guidance note provides examples of actions taken by governments in many countries (such as Armenia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, and India) to foster the energy services market and help establish and grow ESPs in their countries. Experience from these countries shows that governments need to adopt a three-pronged approach...

Sustainable Energy for All 2015

World Bank; International Energy Agency
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Serial
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.97%
Sustainable Energy for All seeks to improve the lives of billions of people across the world and ensure a more sustainable future by working to achieve its three global objectives: universal access to energy; doubling of the rate of improvement in energy efficiency; and doubling of the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix. Accountability and transparency are essential for tracking Sustainable Energy for All’s global progress. Doing so will clarify where the initiative stands, how various actions are contributing to the three objectives, how much remains to be accomplished, and where more action is needed to achieve Sustainable Energy For All. This second edition of the SE4ALL Global Tracking Framework provides an update of how the world has been moving towards the three objectives over the period 2010-2012. The report also explores a number of complementary themes. First, it provides further analysis of the financial cost of meeting the SE4ALL objectives as well as the geographical and technological distribution of the investments that need to be made. Second, it explores the extent to which countries around the world have access to the technology needed to make progress towards the three goals. Third, it identifies the improvements in data collection methodologies and capacity building that will be needed to provide a more nuanced and accurate picture of progress over time. Finally...

Handshake, No. 13 (April 2014)

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Periódico
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
This issue of Handshake, focused on public-private partnerships in the power sector, brings diverse expert voices together to discuss how to increase access to energy in developing countries. Features on hydropower and renewables together with examples from Africa and Latin America provide an up-to-the-minute look at one of the most important and rapidly evolving sectors today. This issue includes the following headings: power and mining: digging deep to power up; market mover: intraday electricity trading; timeline to transformation: Nigerias privatization; energy for development: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MITs) new research; and interview: United Nation (UN) sustainable energy for all (SE4ALL) special representative Kandeh Yumkella. Whats it like to be energy-poor? Kandeh Yumkella, Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary General for Sustainable Energy for All, answers that question and many more in this issue of Handshake. Yumkella recalls his own experiences in Sierra Leone to illustrate the link between energy poverty and income poverty and explains how PPPs can help.

Sustainable energy law: the past and the future

Bradbrook, A.
Fonte: Informa U K Limited Publicador: Informa U K Limited
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
This article examines the history of the development of sustainable energy law over the past 30 years, the lifespan of this Journal and looks forward to possible legal developments, both in national and public international law, over the next 30 years. All forms of sustainable energy are considered, with emphasis being placed on renewable energy and energy efficiency The article examines the relevant issues from the standpoint of both developed and developing countries.; http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/85124474/sustainable-energy-law-past-future; Adrian J. Bradbrook

Key role for nuclear energy in global biodiversity conservation

Brook, B.W.; Bradshaw, C.J.A.
Fonte: Wiley Publicador: Wiley
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
Modern society uses massive amounts of energy. Usage rises as population and affluence increase, and energy production and use often have an impact on biodiversity or natural areas. To avoid a business-as-usual dependence on coal, oil, and gas over the coming decades, society must map out a future energy mix that incorporates alternative sources. This exercise can lead to radically different opinions on what a sustainable energy portfolio might entail, so an objective assessment of the relative costs and benefits of different energy sources is required. We evaluated the land use, emissions, climate, and cost implications of 3 published but divergent storylines for future energy production, none of which was optimal for all environmental and economic indicators. Using multicriteria decision-making analysis, we ranked 7 major electricity-generation sources (coal, gas, nuclear, biomass, hydro, wind, and solar) based on costs and benefits and tested the sensitivity of the rankings to biases stemming from contrasting philosophical ideals. Irrespective of weightings, nuclear and wind energy had the highest benefit-to-cost ratio. Although the environmental movement has historically rejected the nuclear energy option, new-generation reactor technologies that fully recycle waste and incorporate passive safety systems might resolve their concerns and ought to be more widely understood. Because there is no perfect energy source however...

Guidelines for Economic Analysis of Power Sector Projects; Renewable Energy Projects

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.85%
These guidelines are directed to the economic analysis of power sector policy analysis and the appraisal of power sector investment projects. The general guidance is complemented by an Annex Volume that contains relevant technical notes, a glossary, and an extended Bibliography. In this first edition, the focus of the technical notes is on grid-connected renewable energy projects. In FY16 the scope of the technical notes will be extended to cover transmission & distribution, rural electrification, off-grid, energy efficiency, and thermal projects.

World Bank Group Support to Electricity Access, FY2000-2014; An Independent Evaluation

Independent Evaluation Group
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Working Paper
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
The World Bank Group has committed to achieving universal access to electricity by 2030 under the Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) initiative. This is a daunting challenge: more than 1 billion people do not have access, and another 1 billion have chronically inadequate or unreliable service. Most of those without access are poor, and the largest share is in Sub-Saharan Africa. Achieving universal access within 15 years for the low-access countries (those with under 50 percent coverage) requires a quantum leap from their present pace of 1.6 million connections per year to 14.6 million per year until 2030. The investment needed would be about $37 billion per year, including erasing generation deficits and meeting demand from economic growth. By comparison, in recent years, low-access countries received an average of $3.6 billion per year for their electricity sectors from public and private sources, including $1.5 billion per year from the World Bank Group. Development outcomes of the Bank Group’s assistance were generally favorable compared with other infrastructure sectors. However...

The Myths of Technology and Efficiency: a few thoughts for a Sustainable Energy Future

BERTOLDI PAOLO; LEBOT Benoit; MOEZZI Mithra; EIDE Anita
Fonte: ECEEE Publicador: ECEEE
Tipo: Contributions to Conferences Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.89%
Energy consumption continues to grow, as do CO2 emissions. The energy efficiency community has created indicators and 'Business-as-Usual' scenarios to show large energy savings achieved compared to Technology development has been highlighted as the most successful achievement: Yet technology is only one component of the equation, and unfortunately it alone cannot create sustainability. What's more, a focus on technical efficiency, especially market-based efficiency, may reproduce and encourage the very forms of consumption it purports to control. The authors propose some paths toward a sustainable energy future based on a mix of ambitious policies and new social and energy responsibilities that has the potential of resulting in a major change in energy using behaviour. It also advocates increased standards of policy critique, arguing that both the social and technical assumptions of policy models that promise savings must be made transparent.; JRC.H.8-Renewable energies

Affordable, reliable, secure, sustaninable: an integrated energy security framework for Australia

Trudgen, Kelly
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.89%
In 2004, the Australian Government released its energy white paper: Securing Australia's Energy Future. This paper was designed to lay out a policy framework that ensured Australia's ability to retain a cost-effective, reliable and sustainable energy supply in the face of rising demand for energy. Australia's economy relies on low-cost energy resources to remain healthy. Australia has been endowed with unusually high levels of easily accessible coal and gas, giving it a competitive advantage when competing to attract international investment and sell its exports on the world stage. Because of this endowment, Australia's economy is built on the development of energy­ intensive industries and the export of energy and energy-intensive production. To secure these industries, the Australian Government laid out a policy framework designed to develop the infrastructure necessary to ensure the security of supply could be maintained into the future at an affordable cost. However, in 2006 the Stern Review appeared, outlining the economic costs of climate change and forewarning the impending transition to a carbon constrained world. The Australian Government, therefore, now has to secure its economy against both a rising demand for energy and the possibility of future ramifications for emissions-intensive production. Australia's low-cost energy is predominantly supplied by coal...

Winds of Change : East Asia's Sustainable Energy Future

Wang, Xiaodong; Berrah, Noureddine; Mathur, Subodh; Vinuya, Ferdinand
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.04%
This report demonstrates that a "climate-smart" energy strategy is possible for countries in the East Asia region, with support from the international community. In the past three decades, the East Asia region has experienced the fastest economic growth in the world, accompanied by rapid urbanization. As a consequence, energy consumption has more than tripled and is expected to further double over the next two decades. This remarkable growth and rapid urbanization have led to twin energy challenges in the region: improving environmental sustainability and enhancing energy security. The region has many of the world's most polluted cities, resulting from fossil fuel combustion. The region also contains some of the largest greenhouse gas emitters in the world, although their per capita and historical emissions are much below the levels of industrialized countries. Concerns with energy security have grown because of increased risks of price volatility and possible disruptions in supplies for oil and gas. To move the region to a sustainable energy path...

Toward a Low-Carbon Economy : Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Energy Study; Economic & Sector Work
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
Renewable energy and energy efficiency projects continue to perform strongly in the World Bank Group (WBG) energy portfolio and are increasingly being mainstreamed in the WBG's energy lending. In fiscal 2007 a total of US$1,433 million supported 63 renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in 32 countries. In addition to operational activities, the WBG engages in a variety of economic sector work and technical assistance focused on renewable energy and energy efficiency. This work is an integral part of the WBG activities, which is valued as an important source of information and advice for policy makers and other stakeholders. In addition, these activities are an important component in the preparation of future lending activities. The Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) is a multi-donor trust-funded global technical assistance program that has reached its 25th anniversary. This program provides policy advice on sustainable energy development to governments of developing countries and economies in transition. The carbon finance project aims at promoting investments in wind energy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to contribute to the further development of the international carbon market in Mexico through the supply of emissions reductions under the clean development mechanism and to improve energy security.

Towards a Sustainable Energy Future : The World Bank Group's Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Action Plan

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Energy Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.04%
The challenge for the development community is to exploit the links between energy and poverty to combat global poverty. The human scale of this challenge is huge. Today, 1.6 billion people lack access to electricity and 2.4 billion rely on traditional biomass for cooking and heating. Indoor air pollution is among leading causes of illness and death in developing countries. It leads to 2 million premature deaths a year. In 2004, the richest 20 percent of the world s population consume 58 percent of total energy, while the poorest 20 percent consume less than 4 percent. The majority of those underserved are the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. With increasing populations, 25 years from now, business-as-usual energy scenarios project that even after an expenditure of 16 trillion US dollars on energy investments of which half will be in developing countries, 1.4 billion people will still lack access to electricity. This is a reduction of only 200 million people from today. Over 2.6 billion people in developing countries will continue to rely on traditional forms of biomass for cooking and heating in 2030...

Tapping a Hidden Resource : Energy Efficiency in the Middle East and North Africa

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.06%
Energy efficiency can improve fiscal balances, stimulate growth and competitiveness, strengthen energy security, and reduce the energy burden of the poor. It also can enhance the quality of life by improving energy products and services, reducing pollution, and reallocating savings from energy to social services and other welfare enhancements. From a long-term perspective, energy efficiency preserves energy resources for future generations and mitigates climate change. Most governments in the region consider energy efficiency as a priority issue, although for different reasons. The key issue for many is the weight of energy subsidies in fiscal balances; for others, it is the vulnerability of the economy to swings in hydrocarbon prices and the risk of losing competitiveness; and for still others, it is concern about generating enough financing for energy investments and satisfying the energy demand of their fast-growing economies. These factors have prompted governments to renew their efforts to improve energy efficiency. This report explores opportunities to boost energy efficiency in the Middle East and North Africa and secure a sustainable energy future for the region. It explores governments' growing concern about the burden of energy subsidies and identifies opportunities to improve efficiency...

Accelerating Clean Energy Technology Research, Development, and Deployment : Lessons from Non-Energy Sectors

Avato, Patrick; Coony, Jonathan
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.86%
The World Bank Group's clean energy for development investment framework action plan has outlined some of the key activities it intends to undertake in the area of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and helping client countries adapt to changes in climate. One of these activities focuses on an analysis of the role of low-carbon energy technologies in climate change mitigation. This report provides an initial analysis of this issue. The second chapter describes the urgency of developing new low-carbon energy technologies based on a review of some of the most authoritative recent reports on climate change. Strong evidence demonstrates the need for new and improved energy technologies, but, as is described in the third chapter, current research, development, and deployment (RD&D) efforts worldwide appear too limited and slow-paced to generate new energy technologies rapidly enough to respond to the climate change crisis. Moreover, significant barriers are limiting incentives to invest in energy RD&D and may reduce the effectiveness of such investments. These barriers are discussed in the fourth chapter. In light of these barriers and the very limited success of past attempts to overcome them...

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Financing and Policy Network : Options Study and Proceedings of the International Forum

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.86%
This report documents the proceedings of a scoping study conducted by the Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) and the World Bank on the needs and options for a Financing and Policy Network for Scaling-Up Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries. At the Bonn International Conference on Renewable Energies in June 2004, global leaders from governments, industry, financial institutions, non-governmental organizations, and multilateral organizations paved the way for a new energy future that will transform the energy structures of today and increase the global use of renewable energy. To build upon the success of the Bonn Conference, the idea of a "global policy network" was proposed - the Renewable Energy Network for the 21st Century (REN21), The network would bring together a range of stakeholders to address the scaling-up of renewable energy and energy efficiency by focusing on such key issues as policies, capacity building, technology transfer, research and development...

Sustainable Energy in China : The Closing Window of Opportunity

Berrah, Noureddine; Feng, Fei; Priddle, Roland; Wang, Leiping
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.99%
This report proposes the development of a coordinated and comprehensive national policy within the Energy Law that is presently under preparation based on four foundational themes: reducing energy growth below economic growth, making better use of national energy resources, safeguarding the environment, and making the energy system robust to withstand potential disruptions. It stresses that the policy measures and program to achieve sustainability will have to be the subject of careful consultation within government and extend to mobilizing China's civil society. The scope of and potential for fruitful international cooperation is also explored, but the detail must be worked out in a cooperative framework. The main body of the report is arranged in six chapters. The first examines what the projections say about the future of China's energy consumption and concludes that urgent action is needed to avoid locking the country into an unsustainable energy development path. Chapter two evaluates end-use efficiency and finds that a less energy-intensive path can be founded on the most advanced technologies. The third chapter examines the damaging environmental impacts of the huge prospective energy growth...

Progress in waste oil to sustainable energy, with emphasis on pyrolysis techniques

Lam, Su Shiung; Liew, Rock Keey; Jusoh, Ahmad; Chong, Cheng Tung; Ani, Farid Nasir; Chase, Howard A.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; accepted version
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
This is the author accepted manuscript. The final version is available from Elsevier via http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.09.005; This paper begins with a review on the current techniques used for the treatment and recovery of waste oil, which is then followed by an extensive review of the recent achievements in the sustainable development and utilization of pyrolysis techniques in energy recovery from waste oils. The advantages and limitations shown by the use of pyrolysis technique and other current techniques were discussed along with the future research that can be performed on the pyrolysis of waste oil. It was revealed that the current techniques (transesterification, hydrotreating, gasification, solvent extraction, and membrane technology) are yet to be sustainable or completely feasible for waste oil treatment and recovery. It was established that pyrolysis techniques offer a number of advantages over other existing techniques in recovering both the energetic and chemical value of waste oil by generating potentially useful pyrolysis products suitable for future reuse. In particular, microwave pyrolysis shows a distinct advantage in providing a rapid and energy-efficient heating compared to conventional pyrolysis techniques...