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Republic of Sierra Leone Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability : Performance Assessment Report 2010, Sub-National Governments (Local Councils)

Mulit Donor Budget Support Partners
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.96%
This Public Financial Management (PFM) Performance Assessment Report is based on the Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) PFM Performance Measurement Framework, Sub National Level, which includes a performance rating on 32 indicators covering the entire PFM cycle in Local Government, as in Sierra Leone, and assesses impact on budget goals. This assessment is intended to provide a comprehensive, integrated and candid assessment of Sierra Leone s PFM at the local council level, and to make recommendations for improving the local council PFM framework, institutional performance and capacity building.

Implementing EITI at the Sub National Level : Emerging Experience and Operational Framework

Aguilar, Javier; Caspary, Georg; Seiler, Verena
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.98%
The fundamental rationale behind Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is that increased transparency and knowledge of revenues from the extractive industries will empower citizens and institutions to hold governments accountable. By implementing EITI at the sub national level, countries could reduce opportunities for mismanagement or diversion of funds from sustainable development purposes, especially for prominent oil, gas, or mining regions. It is also an effective way of strengthening EITI local ownership among stakeholders. This report presents a preliminary analysis of emerging experiences in EITI countries implementing sub national EITI. Six countries have been selected as case studies: Ghana, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Peru. Based on these experiences, the report proposes a common operational framework for implementing EITI at the sub national level, laying the ground for further practical guidelines on deepening or strengthening the sub national plans or activities of implementing countries.

Decentralization and Deconcentration in Morocco : Cross-Sectoral Status Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
This report will look at how the Government of Morocco (GoM) has addressed the issues of decentralization and deconcentration in recent years. It discusses how these processes have affected public policies at the sub-national level and a number of strategic sectors, including agriculture, irrigation, water and waste water, health, education, energy, transport, urban, housing, and solid waste management. Specifically, the report will analyze the current legislative and institutional arrangements governing sub-national accountability, revenue and spending powers, and public service management at the sub-national level and within the strategic sectors. It is to serve as background input for the World Bank team preparing the new Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) 2010/2013. The Report builds on the findings from project appraisal documents, economic and sector work, policy notes, mission aide memoires, and implementation completion reports already completed by the World Bank.

Decentralization and Local Governance in MENA : A Survey of Policies, Institutions, and Practices

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
Entering the 21st century, the 1999-2000 World Development Report (WDR), identifies two main forces that are shaping the world in which development policy is being defined and implemented: (i) globalization, the increasing worldwide integration of private sector interaction and commercial relationships; and (ii) localization, a process of devolving fiscal and administrative roles and responsibilities from central to sub-national tiers of government. It goes on to note that these global-private and local-public pressures are not only reinforcing, but also challenging traditional paradigms and forms of intergovernmental systems. Political decentralization, often associated with pluralistic politics and representative government, aims to give citizens more say in public policy and decision-making. Its advocates assume that decisions made with greater participation will be better informed and more relevant to diverse interests in society than those made only by national political authorities. The concept implies that the selection of representatives from local electoral jurisdictions allows citizens to know better their political representatives and allows elected officials to know better the needs and desires of their constituents. Administrative decentralization aims to redistribute authority...

Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality : Sub-national Evidence from Brazil

Azevedo, Joao Pedro; David, Antonio C.; Rodrigues Bastos, Fabiano; Pineda, Emilio
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.01%
The paper combines state-level fiscal data with household survey data to assess the links between sub-national fiscal policy and income inequality in Brazil over the period 1995-2011. The results indicate that a tighter fiscal stance at the sub-national level is not associated with a deterioration in inequality measures. This finding contrasts with the conclusions of several papers in the burgeoning literature on the effects of fiscal consolidation on inequality using national data for OECD economies. In addition, the authors find that a tighter stance is typically positively associated with a measure of "shared prosperity". Hence, the results caution against extrapolating policy implications of the literature focusing on advanced economies to other settings.

Local Service Delivery in Nepal

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.98%
The effectiveness of public service delivery depends in large part on the capability, resources and inputs, and the motivation of frontline service providers at the local level. In Nepal a combination of de-concentrated line agencies and local bodies at the district, municipal, and village level provides inputs which are translated into delivery of service outputs and outcomes. Yet the relationships between line agencies and local bodies in service delivery are not well understood. The purpose of this report is to examine in detail the current dynamics of frontline service delivery to identify institutional limitations and present approaches to addressing them. This study seeks to map out the dynamics of service delivery at the local level through analysis of the institutional framework and actual practices in service delivery in 14 jurisdictions in the two districts of Dhankuta and Dhanusa. The study includes a detailed review of the provision of local roads networks and primary and lower secondary education. In this context...

Belarus Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability : Public Financial Management Performance Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
The main objective of the present public financial management performance report (PFM-PR) is to provide the Government of Belarus with an objective up-to-date diagnostic of PFM performance based on the internationally recognized public expenditure and financial accountability (PEFA) methodology. The report is expected to inform the development of the government medium-term program for PFM reform. As a lead donor the World Bank provided a qualified team that undertook the assessment in accordance with the methodology and following the process described in the concept note agreed with the ministry of finance (MoF). The World Bank was also responsible for quality assurance of the PFM-PR using the standard procedures for Bank funded analytical work and PEFA check requirements. The report justifies the scoring and describes the analytical work which has been carried out and the sources of information used for each indicator. The report takes into account the changes in PFM performance since 2009 and documents the reasons for changes in indicator scores from the previous assessment. PEFA framework focuses primarily on the national level of a country s PFM system. At the national level it seeks to cover the entire PFM system...

Closing the Licensing and Permit Regulatory Implementation Gap at the Sub-national Level in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sahovic, Tarik; Tetyora, Victoria; Radaslic, Imeldin
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is classified as a Fragile and Conflict-Affected State. It has a complex government structure which is plagued with significant political turmoil each election cycle. BiH comprises the national (federal) level government, and two entities, the Federation BiH, Republika Srpska (RS), and Brcko District, all of which have strong legislative powers aff ecting day-to-day business operations. The Federation BiH is further divided into 10 cantons, each with their own government and legislative powers, although ultimately they are governed by the laws of the Federation BiH. Both the Federation BiH and RS are further subdivided into 143 cities and municipalities, each with their own municipal councils. Such a complex structure gives rise to overlapping competencies, conflicting legislative provisions, and a regulatory implementationgap at the sub-national level. The aim of this paper is to analyze and describe the approach, process and tools used by the team in identifying the problem of ambiguity in the text and the inconsistency of application of the same legislation across several BiH jurisdictions; and how the team’s decisions...

Internationalization, globalization and regionalization: some institutional aspects of systemic transition

Gage, John
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 60174 bytes; 349 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.8%
[Introduction]: ....This paper will argue that the nature and dimensions of ‘globalization’ in the terms used above has its origins in the major changes in economic activity that have characterised the last two hundred years; basically the onset and spread of the industrial mode of production. These changes have given institutional shape to the economic systems which have framed the ways in which the dynamics of trade and technology have worked to establish, integrate and extend markets. That institutional development has been defined in the creation of national and international organizational structures. Economic outcomes, in the sense of economic development and performance measured by growth have been affected by the apparent functional efficiency of those organizational structures and their institutional elements. Those structures and institutions frequently have functions other than the purely economic; they may express cultures and ideologies for instance. Those noneconomic functions have interacted with the economic functions to determine the general and specific outcomes of organizations and institutions. The dominant organizational form evolving over the last two hundred years has been the nation-state both in the administration of its own internal affairs and in the definition of what are termed inter-national relationships. The paper will then argue that the economic pressures of trade and technology which have driven the defining economic elements of the nation state form are in the process of overwhelming that form. That is...

Sub-national challenges to Europe’s constitutional structure

FINCK, Michèle
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
This LL.M. thesis investigates how European Union law reacts when sub-national actors behave as an autonomous level of public authority. It will look at how supranational law has traditionally dealt with sub-national actors and then examine whether Article 4(2) TEU, introduced into the European legal order by the Treaty of Lisbon, constitutes a new interpretative device having the potential to change the ways in which European Union law looks at these entities. My analysis will show firstly, that the sub-national scale has become increasingly important, both at domestic and European scales, during the past decades, something which is now also reflected by primary law since the enactment of Article 4(2) TEU. It will be seen secondly that it remains unclear whether this provision stands for the direct recognition of local and regional self-government or whether the latter is recognized only indirectly as forming part of the Member State’s national identity. Thirdly, it will be seen that the case law preceding the insertion of Article 4(2) TEU into the framework of supranational law is rather heterogeneous. This draws a picture of incoherence as in some areas of the law the Court creates space for sub-national autonomies while in others it does not. Whether this will change under the influence of Article 4(2) TEU largely depends on how this provision will be interpreted in future times. I will illustrate that the Court could opt either for a bold or a more cautious approach in this respect. While the first option would allow to gently create some space for sub-national actors within EU law without conflicting with firmly established principles of the supranational legal order...

Bright Lights, Big Cities; Measuring National and Sub-National Economic Growth from Outer Space in Africa, with an Application to Kenya and Rwanda

Bundervoet, Tom; Maiyo, Laban; Sanghi, Apurva
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Report; Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: General Economy, Macroeconomics, and Growth Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
The authors use the night lights (satellite imagery from outer space) approach to estimate subnational 2013 GDP growth and levels for 47 counties in Kenya and 30 districts in Rwanda. Estimating subnational GDP is consequential for three reasons: First, there is strong policy interest in seeing how growth can occur in different parts of countries, so that communities can share in national prosperity and not get left behind. Second, sub-nationals themselves want to understand how they stack up against their neighbors and competitors, and how much they contribute to national GDP. Third, such information could help private investors to better assess where to undertake investments. Using night lights has the advantage of seeing a new (and more accurate) estimation of informal activity, and being independent of official data. However it may underestimate economic activity in sectors that are largely unlit (notably agriculture). Indeed, we find that the association between nightlights and GDP is stronger where unlit agriculture accounts for a smaller part of overall economic activity. With these caveats in mind...

Bright Lights, Big Cities; Measuring National and Subnational Economic Growth in Africa from Outer Space, with an Application to Kenya and Rwanda

Bundervoet, Tom; Maiyo, Laban; Sanghi, Apurva
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.02%
This paper uses the night lights (satellite imagery from outer space) approach to estimate growth in and levels of subnational 2013 gross domestic product for 47 counties in Kenya and 30 districts in Rwanda. Estimating subnational gross domestic product is consequential for three reasons. First, there is strong policy interest in how growth can occur in different parts of countries, so that communities can share in national prosperity and not get left behind. Second, subnational entities want to understand how they stack up against their neighbors and competitors, and how much they contribute to national gross domestic product. Third, such information could help private investors to assess where to undertake investments. Using night lights has the advantage of seeing a new and more accurate estimation of informal activity, and being independent of official data. However, the approach may underestimate economic activity in sectors that are largely unlit notably agriculture. For Kenya, the results of the analysis affirm that Nairobi County is the largest contributor to national gross domestic product. However...

Stabilization and Fiscal Empowerment : The Twin Challenges Facing India's States, Volume 2. Detailed Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.92%
India, home to more than one billion people, has experienced rapid growth over the past decade, averaging about six percent per year between 1992/93 and 2003/04. The agenda backed in this report is one that receives widespread support from both the central and state governments in India. The fiscal stress of the late nineties gave rise to an intense state-level reform effort. Six years on, this report documents the many initiatives undertaken by the states to restore fiscal sustainability, and become more effective agents of development. It outlines successes, lessons learnt, and highlights further challenges, on both the expenditure side (chapter two) and the revenue side (chapter three). It also looks at the incentive framework within which the states operate (chapter four), and asks whether there is a feasible reform package that will take the states not only out of fiscal crisis, but strengthened to meet the development challenges which confront them. This chapter provides the context for what follows by outlining the role and increasingly divergent performance of the state governments (section two)...

Public Debt : The Brazilian Experience; Brazil - Divida publica : a experiencia brasileira

Caputo Silva, Anderson; Oliveira de Carvalho, Lena; Ladeira de Medeiros, Otavio
Fonte: National Treasury, Brasilia Publicador: National Treasury, Brasilia
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Debt and Creditworthiness Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.78%
The book analyzes the success of Brazil's public debt management practices. Over the past 10 years, Brazil has strengthened these practices so impressively that in early 2008, with the threat of a strong financial crisis in the world ahead, the main rating agencies assigned Brazil the investment grade. Despite the serious financial crisis that actually erupted in 2008, Brazil's credibility with domestic and international investors remains high. This book is organized into three parts: Part I, Understanding the Brazilian Public Debt; Origin and history of Brazil's public debt up to 1963, provides an historical and conceptual analysis of Brazil's public debt, exploring its main concepts and sustainability, and offering a view of its progress from its inception to the present. Part II, Managing the Brazilian Public Debt, describes all aspects of FPD management. Part III, The Public Debt Market in Brazil, describes how the public debt market operates in Brazil. It reviews recent developments and follows with the characteristics of public securities traditionally used to finance debt...

Croatia : Fiscal (De)centralization and Public Service Delivery

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46%
This report discusses the contours of a possible strategic direction, the necessary basic institutional set up for implementation, and key reform policy options to be tackled in order to complete the foundations of the decentralization reform initiated in 2001. Croatia is still a highly centralized country in terms of decision making on public service financing and delivery, as compared to most of the new European Union members. One indicator is that the sub-national Government's budget still corresponds to five percent of GDP, while in the newly accessed countries it was about eight percent on average in their immediate pre-accession phase. The Government of Croatia is conscious about the critical importance of improving citizens' voice, transparency and accountability on public affairs, especially on matters of local interest, in order to increase efficiency on public service delivery and rapidly converge to European Union standards on a sustainable basis. The Government started its decentralization reforms in July 2001...

A New Data Tool to BOOST Public Spending Efficiency; Un nou instrument pentru date, BOOST, util pentru eficientizarea cheltuielilor publice

Kheyfets, Igor; Mastruzzi, Massimo; Merotto, Dino; Sondergaard, Lars
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.83%
The BOOST data tool makes it easy to analyze how the allocation and use of public expenditure can be made more efficient. BOOST makes detailed public spending data, including data on sub-national spending, more open and accessible than ever before. The global financial crisis has prompted many governments to seek efficiency savings in order to reduce budget deficits and restore medium-term structural balance without harming long-term growth prospects or service quality. To reap savings from inefficiencies, governments must be able to identify such inefficiencies and examine their root causes. One way of doing so is through analytical work that sheds light on where in the budget more can be done with less the process starts by gathering detailed government expenditure data directly from a country's treasury system. By requesting raw data at the most disaggregated level available, the resulting BOOST database takes advantage of the full breadth and depth of the country's budget classification system. The data on expenditures...

Colombia - National Level Public Financial Management and Procurement Report : Public Financial Management Performance; Colombia - Informe de la gestion financiera publica y sistema de contratacion

World Bank; Inter-American Development Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Sector Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.91%
This Public Financial Management Performance Report (PFMPR) analyzes the performance of Colombia's public financial management (PFM) institutions, systems and processes. It documents areas where performance is close to or follows international good practice, as well as opportunities to further enhance PFM contribution to the goals of strengthening fiscal discipline, enabling more efficient allocation of resources, increasing operational efficiency, and fostering transparency. It is expected that the identified opportunities will strengthen further the Government of Colombia's programs of continuous PFM improvement, as provided for under the National Development Plan pillar regarding a state at the service of its citizens: efficient and effective Government. The main challenges cited in the report could also be an important reference to future development plans and PFM reforms. Ensuring the sustainability and trajectory of PFM programs becomes even more critical in the context of public expenditure policies to deal with the current international economic crisis. The study is based on the 28 high-level indicators and 69 individual dimensions that compose the PFM performance measurement framework. Each indicator seeks to measure performance of a key PFM element against a scale from A to D. The highest score is warranted for an individual indicator if the core PFM element meets the relevant objective in a complete...

Bolivia - Public Financial Management Review, Based on the PEFA Methodology

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Sector Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.06%
The National Development Plan highlights the Bolivian Government's commitment to improving efficiency, transparency, and accountability in the use of public resources. Within that framework, the authorities of the Ministry of Economy and Public Finance (Ministerio de Economia y Finanzas Publicas, or MEFP) expressed their interest in conducting a public finance performance review following the Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) framework. Under this initiative the MEFP conducted a self-assessment, Evaluacion de las Finanzas Publicas (EFIP), at the beginning of 2008, which was then updated in a second phase toward the end of the same year. The purpose of this PEFA review is to provide the Government, international donors, and other stakeholders with an objective diagnosis of the performance of the PFM systems, processes, and institutions, using 31 high-level indicators taken from the PEFA reference framework. In accordance with government requirement, the review focuses on the central government's public expenditure and revenues...

Romania Municipal Finance Policy Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
The policy note is organized as follows: the first section reviews the local government structure and fiscal system and discusses how it can be improved to better enable local governments to efficiently fulfill their functions. The second section then examines the state of municipal utilities. The third and the final section examines the recent evolution, opportunities and challenges ahead for the development of the sub-national debt market, analyzes key deficiencies and proposes priority reforms in the legal and regulatory framework for local government borrowing, and proposes a strategy to increase the access of sub-national entities to the sub-national debt market, based on a range of technical assistance and financial support instruments carefully attuned to sub-national entities' risk profiles.

A função dos entes internacionais no processo de desenvolvimento - o exemplo de São Paulo; The role of international entities in the development process - The example of São Paulo

Almeida, Fernando Dias Menezes de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.8%
The great challenge in the context of Globalization is to conciliate development and reduction of human and social inequalities. Regions (sub national entities) perform an important role in the process of development, as efficiency pointers and harmonization of global relations. Regions are more suitable than central governments to create development policies with human view and connected to the reality lived by individuals. If a region wants to insert itself competitively in a globalized economy, it will act to solve inequalities of its influence area.; O grande desafio no contexto da globalização é conciliar-se desenvolvimento e redução das desigualdades humanas e sociais. As regiões (entes subnacionais) exercem importante função no processo de desenvolvimento, como vetores de eficiência e harmonização das relações globais. As regiões são mais aptas, do que governos centrais, a conceber políticas de desenvolvimento com visão humana e conectada com a realidade vivida pelos indivíduos. Se uma região pretende inserirse competitivamente na economia globalizada, deve também atuar para resolver as desigualdades de sua área próxima de influência.