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Resultados filtrados por Publicador: The Endocrine Society

Central Injection of the Stable Somatostatin Analog ODT8-SST Induces a Somatostatin2 Receptor-Mediated Orexigenic Effect: Role of Neuropeptide Y and Opioid Signaling Pathways in Rats

Stengel, Andreas; Coskun, Tamer; Goebel, Miriam; Wang, Lixin; Craft, Libbey; Alsina-Fernandez, Jorge; Rivier, Jean; Taché, Yvette
Fonte: The Endocrine Society Publicador: The Endocrine Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Somatostatin and octreotide injected into the brain have been reported to modulate food intake. However, little is known regarding the underlying mechanisms. The stable oligosomatostatin analog, des-AA1,2,4,5,12,13-[DTrp8]-somatostatin (ODT8-SST), like somatostatin, binds to all five somatostatin receptors (sst1–5). We characterized the effects of ODT8-SST injected intracerebroventricularly (icv) on food consumption and related mechanisms of action in freely fed rats. ODT8-SST (0.3 and 1 μg per rat, icv) injected during the light or dark phase induced an early onset (within 1 h) and long-lasting (4 h) increase in food intake in nonfasted rats. By contrast, ip injection (0.3–3 mg/kg) or icv injection of selective sst1 or sst4 agonists (1 μg per rat) had no effect. The 2 h food intake response during the light phase was blocked by icv injection of a sst2 antagonist, the neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y1 receptor antagonist, BIBP-3226, and ip injection of the μ-opioid receptor antagonist, naloxone, and not associated with changes in plasma ghrelin levels. ODT8-SST (1 μg per rat, icv) stimulated gastric emptying of a solid meal which was also blocked by naloxone. The increased food intake was accompanied by a sustained increase in respiratory quotient...