Página 1 dos resultados de 5216 itens digitais encontrados em 0.008 segundos

Global sanitation Fund : progress report

Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council
Fonte: Switzerland : Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council, 2012. Publicador: Switzerland : Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council, 2012.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.77%
Headlines and highlights -- GSF Results -- GSF Further added value –- Countries : working on the ground –- Countries : starting ground work in 2012 –- Countries : next in the queue -- People’s voices about the GSF -- Sub-grantees from a to Z -- How it works : the global sanitation fund

WSSCC: Global Forum on Sanitation and Hygiene : insights on leadership, action and change

Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council
Fonte: Switzerland : Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council, 2012. Publicador: Switzerland : Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council, 2012.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.86%
The Global Forum: A collective call to transform sanitation and hygiene –- Leadership -- Equity and inclusion -- Behaviour change -- Accelerating change -– Partnerships –- Acknowledgments -- List of Global Forum participants -- Toolkit 101: Sanitation and hygiene DVD-Rom

Enabling Environment Assessment for Scaling Up Sanitation Programs : Madhya Pradesh, India

Robinson, Andy; Raman, Rajiv
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
The Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) is in the start-up phase of a new Global Scaling up Sanitation Project. The project is applying Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing (TSSM) to stimulate and scale up sanitation demand and supply. One of the central objectives of the project is to improve sanitation at a scale sufficient to meet the 2015 sanitation Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets in Indonesia, Tanzania, and the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The baseline enabling environment assessment was carried out during the start-up phase of the overall project in May and June 2007. A follow-up assessment will be carried out at the end of project implementation in approximately May or June 2009. The main objective of this assessment was to establish a baseline of the programmatic conditions needed to scale up, sustain, and replicate the Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing (TSSM) approaches in the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

Enabling Environment Assessment for Scaling Up Sanitation Programs : Himachal Pradesh, India

Robinson, Andy; Raman, Rajiv
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
The Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) is in the start-up phase of a new Global Scaling up Sanitation Project. The project is applying Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing (TSSM) to stimulate and scale up sanitation demand and supply. One of the central objectives of the project is to improve sanitation at a scale sufficient to meet the 2015 Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets for improved sanitation in Indonesia, Tanzania, and the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The baseline enabling environment assessment was carried out during the start-up phase of the overall project in May and June 2007. A follow-up assessment will be carried out at the end of project implementation, in approximately May or June 2009. The main objective of this assessment was to establish a baseline of the programmatic conditions needed to scale up, sustain and replicate the total sanitation and sanitation marketing in the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The TSSM project enables the WSP team to enhance and broaden the level of support provided...

Enabling Environment Assessment for Scaling up Sanitation Programs : East Java, Indonesia

Robinson, Andy
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.25%
The Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) is in the start-up phase of a new Global Scaling up Sanitation Project. The project is applying Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing (TSSM) to stimulate and scale up sanitation demand and supply. One of the central objectives of the project is to improve sanitation at a scale sufficient to meet the 2015 sanitation Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets in Indonesia, Tanzania and the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The baseline assessment of the enabling environment was carried out during the start-up phase of the overall project in July and August 2007. A follow-up assessment will be carried out at the end of project implementation in mid-2009. The purposes of the baseline assessment are to: (1) assess to extent to which the programmatic conditions for scale up and sustainability are in place at the beginning of the project, and (2) on the basis of the baseline assessment findings, recommend what should be done to address the gaps during project implementation...

Financing On-Site Sanitation for the Poor : A Six-Country Comparative Review and Analysis

Trémolet, Sophie; Kolsky, Pete; Perez, Eddy
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
The present study offers evidence on alternative financing approaches for on-site household sanitation from case studies in six countries: Bangladesh, Ecuador, India, Mozambique, Senegal, and Vietnam. This evidence can help identify the best-performing approaches and the relevant factors and issues to consider in designing a sanitation financing strategy. The study systematically compares alternative financing approaches based on a set of common indicators, including in terms of the effectiveness in the use of public funds and targeting. The team chose to focus on those projects recognized as successes to obtain a reasonable representation of the better practices in sanitation programs. The study identified a number of useful examples and tentative lessons about finance which should help to advance the design of sanitation finance at the outset of a project. Replicating such experiences will require a better understanding of what drives household investment and what the key constraints limiting such investment are...

East Asia and the Pacific Region Urban Sanitation Review : A Call for Action

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.22%
This study summarizes the main challenges to scaling up access to sustainable sanitation services in the urban areas of three countries in the East Asia and Pacific region-Indonesia, Philippines and Vietnam-and proposes the main steps these countries need to take to redress the status quo. The report is divided into four chapters. The first chapter provides an overview of the current level and quality of access to urban sanitation in the region. The second chapter examines the causes leading to the current state of urban sanitation, using four thematic areas: people, technology, institutions and finance. The third chapter identifies those factors that need to be in place to trigger a different way of doing business in the sector and that may ultimately lead to transformational changes. The final chapter proposes recommendations on how countries can upgrade and scale up urban sanitation services.

East Asia and the Pacific Region Urban Sanitation Review : Philippines Country Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
This Philippines country study forms part of the East Asia and the Pacific region urban sanitation review that focuses on three of the emerging middle income countries of East Asia: Indonesia, Philippines, and Vietnam. The regional review aims to develop a strategic framework to help guide national urban sanitation programs and their implementation in these emerging middle income countries. This country study contributed to the regional review by providing important information on sector operations in the Philippines. The development of urban sanitation in the Philippines needs to be considered in the context of the different situations in Metro Manila and the other parts of the country. The case studies for some urban areas were prepared to see how sanitation operations are carried out in the Philippines and a consultative workshop was held on February 19, 2013 in Manila. The findings of the Philippines country study are briefly presented which complements the findings of the regional report.

Support to Government of India for Implementation of National Urban Sanitation Policy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
This synthesis report details the process, outputs and intermediate outcomes of the World Bank’s Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) Technical Assistance (TA) to Support Government of India for implementation of the National Urban Sanitation Policy (P131963). The objective of this TA was to (i) strengthen urban sanitation services and target the urban poor by development of strategies for regulation, funds allocation, improved accountability mechanisms and implementation of inclusive sanitation policies at national level and in at least five states, with two of these low-income states (LIS). This was to be supplemented with (ii) enabling design and use of improved performance monitoring systems by Government of India, 3 states and 300 urban local bodies by 2015, and (iii) strengthen capacity of local urban government institutions to provide improved – inclusive and sustainable – sanitation services for all. This TA provides the building blocks for sustainable sanitation improvements which are being adopted and implemented as part of another TA (P131967) in Madhya Pradesh and Tripura to pilot and operationalize City Sanitation Plans (CSPs) towards outcome oriented sector improvements. The areas addressed in this TA include the following specific goals of the NUSP: open defecation free cities...

Urban Sanitation Experiences of Senegal and Burkina Faso : Broadening Urban Sanitation Activities

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Urban Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
This study aims to offer evidence that urban sanitation in large West African cities faces specific issues linked to urban setting, housing development and urban environment, and to the development of water services. These issues are acutely perceived by urban households and largely shape their demand for sanitation, whereas the available supply offers unsatisfactory or unaffordable solutions. The two operations in review showed that public sanitation (or water and sanitation) utilities, when supported by a strong political will and with the assistance of a variety of actors, may, to a large extent, fill the gap between supply and demand, provided that they adopt adequate and efficient implementation arrangements in a participatory approach. As importantly, both operations showed that cost-effectiveness and equity considerations justify substantial subsidies for household facilities, which can be sustained by internal resources and external assistance. Structure of this report: section one review the trends of the urban sanitation market in West Africa and the rationale for public interventions in sanitation. Section two summarizes the main design features of the two operations. Section three assesses the operations' performances...

Economic Assessment of Sanitation Interventions in Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
This study evaluates the costs and benefits of technical sanitation options and programs in Yunnan Province, China, as part of the Economics of Sanitation Initiative (ESI) conducted by the World Bank's Water and Sanitation Program in East Asia. As an underdeveloped province, Yunnan has achieved huge progress in sanitation improvement since the 1990s. Sanitation options evaluated in the study include the facilities to collect and convey human excreta, household wastewater treatment, and related hygiene practices. The benefits of sanitation evaluated include health, water quality, time to access sanitation facilities, external environment, reuse of human excreta, quality of life improvement, and other intangible benefits such as privacy, cleanliness and comfort. The costs of sanitation measured include investment costs and recurrent costs (operations and maintenance). The study compares the costs and benefits of alternative improved sanitation options over the expected life of each technology, to estimate efficiency of alternative sanitation options. For the study sanitation options in eight different sites throughout Yunnan Province were selected. Three rural sites include: a) villages in Luquan county s mountainous rural villages (R1); b) Dali Shangguan (R2) lakeside plain; and c) villages in Qiubei county (R3). Three urban sites represent: a) Kunming (U1); b) Dali (U2); and c) Qiubei (U3). Two peri-urban sites include: a) Kunyang town of Jinning County (PU1) and b) Dali Zhoucheng (PU2). The economic returns on all improved sanitation options are significant in all the sites evaluated...

Economic Assessment of Sanitation Interventions in Lao People's Democratic Republic

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
Access to improved sanitation is a major concern in the Lao People s Democratic Republic. Only 63 percent of the population of the country had access to improved sanitation facilities in 2010. Sanitation conditions are worse in rural areas. This study aims to generate evidence on the costs and benefits of sanitation improvements Lao PDR.

Poor-Inclusive Urban Sanitation : An Overview

Hawkins, Peter; Blackett, Isabel; Heymans, Chris
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
Most of the world's population now lives in urban areas, and in developing regions the proportion living in cities and towns has risen from 35 percent in 1990 to 45 percent in 2010, from 1.4 billion to 2.5 billion people (Jacobsen et al. 2012). A 2008 World Bank analysis estimated that a third of people living on less than US$2 per day reside in urban areas, and United Nation or UN-habitat estimates that just under 40 percent of urban dwellers live in slums, a number that is growing by more than 20 million per year (Baker 2008). These disparities highlight a pressing need to address the urban sanitation challenge comprehensively, with emphasis on including slum dwellers and poor communities that have typically been neglected. Without concerted intervention, the prospects of cholera, diarrhea, and worm infections will increase, jeopardizing education, productivity, and the quality of life for all urban dwellers. Although this overview of urban sanitation has shown that the current situation is far from ideal...

What Does It Take to Scale Up Rural Sanitation?; Comment accelerer le developpement de l'assainissement rural?

Perez, Eduardo; Cardosi, Jason; Coombes, Yolande; Devine, Jacqueline; Grossman, Amy; Kullmann, Craig; Kumar, C. Ajith; Mukherjee, Nilanjana; Prakash, Manu; Robiarto, Amin; Setiwan, Deviariandy; Singh, Upneet; Wartono, Djoko
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
Over the last 30 years, most rural sanitation projects have had pockets of success, but were small in scale and could not be scaled up. Learning how to expand on the successes of small-scale projects to increase access at large scale has been an enduring challenge. Project outcomes often fail the sustainability test once external funding ceases, and the benefits, even if sustained, remain limited to project areas. Despite growing political will to do more about rural sanitation, the lack of evidence and examples of effective and sustainable large-scale rural sanitation programs has constrained governments and development partners. In an attempt to help address these issues, starting in 2007, the World Bank's Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) provided technical assistance to help governments design, plan, implement, and monitor national rural sanitation programs that start at scale and are sustainable. This initiative was carried out in three countries, India, Indonesia, and Tanzania. To increase the supply of sanitation products and services...

Sanitation Finance in Rural Cambodia

Robinson, Andy
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.24%
This document presents the findings of a study on sanitation finance in Cambodia conducted for the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) with support from the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The overall objective of the assignment was to consider sustainable sanitation financing options with a focus on promoting access for the poorest. This guidance note contains an introduction on sanitation financing and subsidies, stating the cases for subsidies as well as some of their practical pitfalls. The study used data (as of late 2009) from two case studies of rural sanitation finance in Cambodia to illustrate the practical issues, sup-plemented by preliminary data from two sanitation marketing projects. The study also examined the potential use and effectiveness of (hardware) subsidies, conditional cash transfers (CCTs), and other financing approaches relevant for sanitation improvement. The document ends with recommendations for improved sanitation finance, including practical suggestions for sanitation programs in Cambodia. These recommendations bear particular relevance for the ADB's Second Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Project...

Scaling Up Rural Sanitation : Findings from the Impact Evaluation Baseline Survey in Madhya Pradesh, India

Salvatore, Alicia L.; Patil, Sumeet R.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
In India, Water and Sanitation Program's (WSP's) global scaling up rural sanitation program is supporting the Government of India's (GoI) Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in two states: Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. TSC is an ambitious countrywide, scaled-up rural sanitation program launched by the GoI in 1999, which seeks to attain an Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2012. In contrast to earlier, hardware-centric supply approaches to rural sanitation, TSC aims to generate demand for and adoption of improved sanitation at the community level. The program focuses on creating ODF communities rather than bringing about incremental individual changes. The TSC aims not only to achieve ODF communities but also focuses on hygiene, waste management, and sanitation in schools and institutions. The main components of the intervention include: 1) community-led total sanitation, 2) social marketing of sanitation, 3) strengthening the enabling environment, and 4) nirmal gram puraskar awards. Although the data are limited in establishing causality...

The Political Economy of Sanitation : How Can We Increase Investment and Improve Service for the Poor?

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
This study follows current approaches to political economy-interdisciplinary inquiry drawing upon social and political theory and economic principles-to understand how political actors, institutions, and economic processes influence each other. The 'political economy of sanitation,' therefore, refers to the social, political, and economic processes and factors that determine the extent and nature of sanitation investment and service provision. This study's conceptual framework combines a diagnostic component with a typology of actions to help translate analytical findings into more effective support to operations and investments. The diagnostic framework aims to identify political economy constraints as well as opportunities that are entry points for subsequent operational actions. The study was conducted through a qualitative analysis of stakeholders, institutions, impacts, risks, and opportunities that was linked to processes and policy debate. This synthesis report is based on the findings from the secondary literature review and the results of primary research in the four case study countries...

Case Study on Sustainability of Rural Sanitation Marketing in Vietname

Sijbesma, Christine; Truong, Truong Xuan; Devine, Jacqueline
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
This case study of the sustainability of rural sanitation marketing is part of a wider activity entitled 'Total Sanitation and Sanitation Marketing (TSSM): new approaches to Stimulate and Scale up Sanitation Demand and Supply Project,' also known as the Global Scaling up Sanitation Project. The long-term vision for this effort is to help a number of developing countries meet the basic sanitation needs of the rural poor who do not currently have access to safe and hygienic sanitation. TSSM tests proven and promising approaches to create demand for sanitation and improve the supply of sanitation-related products and services to increase household access to safe and sustainable sanitation; create open-defecation free communities; and promote improved hygiene practices. Though not one of the TSSM focus countries, Vietnam is one of the countries where a piloted approach to enhance and meet rural sanitation demands has had promising results.

Economic Impacts of Sanitation in Cambodia : A Five-Country Study Conducted in Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, the Philippines, and Vietnam Under the Economics of Sanitation Initiative

World Bank
Fonte: Jakarta Publicador: Jakarta
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
The sanitation impact study, initiated by the World Bank water and sanitation program, aims to generate sound evidence on the negative impacts of existing sanitation and hygiene conditions and the potential benefits of improvements in sanitation and hygiene in Cambodia. In this study, quantitative assessment is conducted on the economic impacts of poor sanitation and hygiene on health, water resource, tourism and other welfare impacts. In addition to the quantitative evaluation, the study also discusses the effects of poor sanitation on various qualitative dimensions including health-related quality of life, intangible user preferences, life decisions, and the quality of the surrounding environment. The analysis focused on a narrow definition of sanitation, related to human excreta. However, there were instances in which sanitation as it relates to gray water and solid waste were also included. In measuring the impacts, the study uses a peer-reviewed methodology developed specifically for this study, which draws on established methods and...

Urban Sanitation Review : Indonesia Country Study

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Urban Study
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
This Indonesia country study forms part of the East Asia urban sanitation review. The review will develop a regional strategic framework to help guide national urban sanitation programs and their implementation in emerging middle income countries. Almost half of Indonesia's population lives in urban areas and their need for safe wastewater management services are growing rapidly. Beginning in 2000, the central government embarked on a series of initiatives to reform water supply and sanitation sector policies. These reforms were aligned with decentralization which devolved responsibility for sanitation to the local government. Despite these initiatives, urban sanitation continues to perform inadequately and faces critical issues that need to be urgently addressed. This document presents a detailed analysis of the issue, as well as recommendations for future action.