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Differential expression of genes in salivary glands of male Rhipicephalus (Boophilus)microplus in response to infection with Anaplasma marginale

ZIVKOVIC, Zorica; ESTEVES, Eliane; ALMAZAN, Consuelo; DAFFRE, Sirlei; NIJHOF, Ard M.; KOCAN, Katherine M.; JONGEJAN, Frans; FUENTE, Jose de la
Fonte: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD Publicador: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Background: Bovine anaplasmosis, caused by the rickettsial tick-borne pathogen Anaplasma marginale (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae), is vectored by Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus in many tropical and subtropical regions of the world. A. marginale undergoes a complex developmental cycle in ticks which results in infection of salivary glands from where the pathogen is transmitted to cattle. In previous studies, we reported modification of gene expression in Dermacentor variabilis and cultured Ixodes scapularis tick cells in response to infection with A. marginale. In these studies, we extended these findings by use of a functional genomics approach to identify genes differentially expressed in R. microplus male salivary glands in response to A. marginale infection. Additionally, a R. microplus-derived cell line, BME26, was used for the first time to also study tick cell gene expression in response to A. marginale infection. Results: Suppression subtractive hybridization libraries were constructed from infected and uninfected ticks and used to identify genes differentially expressed in male R. microplus salivary glands infected with A. marginale. A total of 279 ESTs were identified as candidate differentially expressed genes. Of these...

Human salivary gland morphogenesis: myoepithelial cell maturation assessed by immunohistochemical markers

IANEZ, Renata Fraga; BUIM, Marcilei E.; COUTINHO-CAMILLO, Claudia M.; SCHULTZ, Regina; SOARES, Fernando A.; LOURENCO, Silvia Vanessa
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Aims: Myoepithelial cells are important components of salivary gland structure, aiding the expulsion of saliva from acinar lobules. The aim was to evaluate the expression of smooth muscle actin (SMA), calponin, caldesmon, CD10, CD29, S100 protein, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and p63 in myoepithelial cells during salivary gland morphogenesis to understand the maturation process of these cells and their possible use in the diagnosis of salivary gland lesions. Methods and results: Major and minor human salivary glands at various stages of development, derived from fetuses at 8-26 weeks of gestation, were studied immunohistochemically. Fully developed salivary glands were used as controls. The protein p63 was present in all stages of salivary gland morphogenesis from initial bud to terminal bud stage. CD29, S100 and calponin were detected increasingly as salivary gland structure matured and in fully developed salivary gland. Proteins GFAP, CD10 and caldesmon were not observed in myoepithelial cells of salivary glands. Conclusions: The proteins SMA, calponin, CD29, S100 and p63, which are present from the earliest stages of salivary gland maturation, are valuable myoepithelial markers but, although very specific, are not exclusive markers for this cell type.

Alteration of Ca(2+)-ATPase activity in the homogenate, plasma membrane and microsomes of the salivary glands of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

NICOLAU, Jose; SOUZA, Douglas Nesadal De; SIMOES, Alyne
Fonte: JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD Publicador: JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Diabetes has been implicated in the dryness of the mouth, loss of taste sensation, sialosis, and other disorders of the oral cavity, by impairment of the salivary glands. The aim of the present study was to examine the plasma membrane, microsomal, and homogenate Ca(2+)-ATPase activity in the rat submandibular and parotid salivary glands of streptozotocin-induced diabetes. We have also examined the influence of the acidosis state oil this parameter. Diabetes was induced by an intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and acidosis was induced by daily injection of NH(4)Cl. At 15 and 30 days after diabetes induction, the animals were euthanized and the submandibular and parotid salivary glands were removed and analyzed. Ca(2+)-ATPase (total, independent, and dependent) was determined in the homo-enate, microsomal, and plasma membranes of the salivary glands of diabetic and control rats. Calcium concentration was also determined in the glands and showed to be hi-her in the diabetic animals. Ca(2+)-ATPase activity was found to be reduced in all cell fractions studied in the diabetic animals compared with control. Similar results were obtained for the submandibular salivary glands of acidotic animals; however in the parotid salivary glands it was found an increase in the enzyme activity. Copyright (c) 2009 John Wiley & Sons...

Na plus -Glucose Cotransporter SGLT1 Protein in Salivary Glands: Potential Involvement in the Diabetes-Induced Decrease in Salivary Flow

SABINO-SILVA, R.; FREITAS, H. S.; LAMERS, M. L.; OKAMOTO, M. M.; SANTOS, M. F.; MACHADO, U. F.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Oral health complications in diabetes include decreased salivary secretion. The SLC5A1 gene encodes the Na(+)-glucose cotransporter SGLT1 protein, which not only transports glucose, but also acts as a water channel. Since SLC5A1 expression is altered in kidneys of diabetic subjects, we hypothesize that it could also be altered in salivary glands, contributing to diabetic dysfunction. The present study shows a diabetes-induced decrease (p < 0.001) in salivary secretion, which was accompanied by enhanced (p < 0.05) SGLT1 mRNA expression in parotid (50%) and submandibular (30%) glands. Immunohistochemical analysis of parotid gland of diabetic rats revealed that SGLT1 protein expression increased in the luminal membrane of ductal cells, which can stimulate water reabsorption from primary saliva. Furthermore, SGLT1 protein was reduced in myoepithelial cells of the parotid from diabetic animals, and that, by reducing cellular contractile activity, might also be related to reduced salivary flux. Six-day insulin-treated diabetic rats reversed all alterations. In conclusion, diabetes increases SLC5A1 gene expression in salivary glands, increasing the SGLT1 protein content in the luminal membrane of ductal cells, which, by increasing water reabsorption...

Interaction between Trypanosoma rangeli and the Rhodnius prolixus salivary gland depends on the phosphotyrosine ecto-phosphatase activity of the parasite

Dos-Santos, Andre L. A.; Dick, Claudia F.; Alves-Bezerra, Michele; Silveira, Thais S.; Paes, Lisvane Silva; Gondim, Katia C.; Meyer-Fernandes, Jose R.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD; OXFORD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD; OXFORD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Trypanosoma rangeli is the trypanosomatid that colonizes the salivary gland of its insect vector, with a profound impact on the feeding capacity of the insect. In this study we investigated the role of the phosphotyrosine (P-Tyr) ecto-phosphatase activity of T. rangeli in its interaction with Rhodnius prolixus salivary glands. Long but not short epimastigotes adhered to the gland cells and the strength of interaction correlated with the enzyme activity levels in different strains. Differential interference contrast microscopy demonstrated that clusters of parasites are formed in most cases, suggesting cooperative interaction in the adhesion process. The tightness of the correlation was evidenced by modulating the P-Tyr ecto-phosphatase activity with various concentrations of inhibitors. Sodium orthovanadate, ammonium molybdate and zinc chloride decreased the interaction between T. rangeli and R. prolixus salivary glands in parallel. Levamisole, an inhibitor of alkaline phosphatases, affected neither process. EDTA strongly inhibited adhesion and P-Tyr ecto-phosphatase activity to the same extent, an effect that was no longer seen if the parasites were pre-incubated with the chelator and then washed. When the P-Tyr ecto-phosphatase of living T. ranged epimastigotes was irreversibly inactivated with sodium orthovanadate and the parasite cells were then injected into the insect thorax...

Fhos encodes a Drosophila Formin-Like Protein participating in autophagic programmed cell death

Anhezini, Lucas; Saita, Ana Paula; Costa, Mara S. A.; Pinheiro Ramos, Ricardo Guelerman; Simon, Claudio Roberto
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL; HOBOKEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Larval tissues undergo programmed cell death (PCD) during Drosophila metamorphosis. PCD is triggered in a stage and tissue-specific fashion in response to ecdysone pulses. The understanding of how ecdysone induces the stage and tissue-specificity of cell death remains obscure. Several steroid-regulated primary response genes have been shown to act as key regulators of cellular responses to ecdysone by inducing a cascade of transcriptional regulation of late responsive genes. In this article, the authors identify Fhos as a gene that is required for Drosophila larval salivary gland destruction. Animals with a P-element mutation in Fhos possess persistent larval salivary glands, and precise excisions of this P-element insertion resulted in reversion of this salivary gland mutant phenotype. Fhos encodes the Drosophila homolog of mammalian Formin Fhos. Fhos is differentially transcribed during development and responds to ecdysone in a method that is similar to other cell death genes. Similarly to what has been shown for its mammalian counterpart, FHOS protein is translocated to the nucleus at later stages of cell death. Fhos mutants posses disrupted actin cytoskeleton dynamics in persistent salivary glands. Together, our data indicate that Fhos is a new ecdysone-regulated gene that is crucial for changes in the actin cytoskeleton during salivary gland elimination in Drosophila. genesis 50:672684...

Morphological aspects of Culex quinquefasciatus salivary glands

Sais, Tiago da Cunha; Moraes, Rosa Maria de; Ribolla, Paulo E.; De Bianchi, Antonio G.; Marinotti, Osvaldo; Bijovsky, A. Tania
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 219-226
ENG
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The salivary glands of Culex quinquefasciatus female mosquitoes are paired organs composed of two lateral lobes with proximal and distal secretory portions, and a medial lobe. All portions comprise a simple epithelium that surrounds a salivary duct. In the apical portion of the medial lobe, non-secretory cells strongly resemble cells involved in ion and water transport. The general architecture of the secretory portions is similar between lobes. The appearance of the secretory material and the morphological aspect of the apical cell membrane are the most distinctive features among the three secretory portions. Cells in the lateral proximal lobe display thin membrane projections extending into a translucent and finely filamentous secretory product. At the lateral distal portion, the apical cell membrane forms an intricate meshwork that encloses a dark secretory product. Medial lobe secretory cells also contain secretory cavities surrounded by intracytoplasmic vesicles, all containing a very dark and uniform product. Scattered cells holding numerous vacuoles, some of them containing a small and electron-dense granule eccentrically located and resembling those of the diffuse endocrine system, are frequently observed in the periphery of all secretory portions. Immunofluorescence assays revealed that the distal portion of the lateral lobes contains apyrase...

Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Canestrini, 1887) (Acari: Ixodidae): Acid phosphatase and ATPase activities localization in salivary glands of females during the feeding period

Nunes, Erika Takagi; Camargo Mathias, Maria Izabel; Bechara, Gervásio Henrique
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 109-117
ENG
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This study investigates the presence and the localization of acid phosphatase and ATPase in the salivary glands of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus female ticks during feeding. Semi-engorged females showed a larger amount of acid phosphatase compared to those at beginning of feeding, localized mainly in the apical portion of the secretory cells, and in the basal labyrinth of the interstitial cells. Ultrastructural observations also demonstrated its presence in secretion granules and inside some nuclei of secretory cells at beginning of feeding. Acid phosphatase in a free form probably has a hemolymph and/or ribosomal origin and participates in salivary gland secretion control. ATPase was detected in basal membrane of all types of acini and/or in the cytoplasm of the secretory cells at both feeding stages. The enzyme activities found strongly suggests that cell death by apoptosis occurs during the degenerative process. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Programmed cell death in salivary glands of Drosophila arizonae and Drosophila mulleri

Ianella, P.; Oliveira, Maria Tercília Vilela de Azeredo; Itoyama, M. M.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 476-486
ENG
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Programmed cell death (PCD) in insect metamorphosis assumes a great diversity of morphology and controlling processes that are still not well understood. With the objective of obtaining information about the PCD process, salivary glands of Drosophila arizonae and D. mulleri were studied during larval-pupal development. From the results, it can be concluded that the type of the PCD that occurs in these organs is morphologically typical of apoptosis (formation of apoptotic nuclei, followed by fragmentation into apoptotic bodies). Histolysis happens in both species, between 22 and 23 h after pupation. There were no significant differences between the species studied. Apoptosis does not occur simultaneously in all cells. Cytoplasmic acid phosphatase activity gradually increases during development, suggesting the existence of acid phosphatases that are only expressed during the apoptotic stage. Twenty hours after pupation, salivary glands already show biochemical alterations relative to nuclear permeability such as acidification, possibly due to the fusion of lysosomes with the nucleus a few hours before apoptosis. Autophagy seems to act together with apoptosis and has a secondary role in cell death. ©FUNPEC-RP.

Estudo imunoistoquímico da angiogênese, proliferação celular e da enzima ácido graxo sintase (FASN) em tumores malignos primários de glândulas salivares maiores e menores = : Immunohistochemical study of angiogenesis, cellular proliferation and fatty acid synthase (FASN) in minor and major primary malignant salivary gland tumors; Immunohistochemical study of angiogenesis, cellular proliferation and fatty acid synthase (FASN) in minor and major primary malignant salivary gland tumors

Katya Pulido Diaz
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/02/2014 PT
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Introdução: Os tumores das glândulas salivares (TGS) são lesões incomuns e correspondem a aproximadamente 3 a 10% das neoplasias que acometem a região de cabeça e pescoço. A angiogênese, proliferação celular e a expressão da enzima ácido graxo sintase (FASN) podem interferir nos mecanismos de progressão tumoral e comportamento clínico dos tumores malignos de glândulas salivares. Objetivos: Avaliar imunoistoquímicamente a angiogênese, índice de proliferação celular e expressão de FASN em tumores malignos de glândulas salivares maiores e menores e correlacionar a expressão destes biomarcadores com os dados clínicos e agressividade histopatológica além de comparar a expressão de FASN e Ki67 entre 12 casos de adenoma pleomorfo e 6 de carcinoma ex-adenoma pleomorfos. Pacientes e Métodos: Foram utilizadas 52 peças cirúrgicas de pacientes portadores de tumores malignos de glândulas salivares maiores e menores e 12 de adenomas pleomorfos como controle do marcador FASN e Ki67. As amostras de tecidos dos TGS malignos foram submetidas a reações imunoistoquímicas para os anticorpos CD31, CD34, CD105, e para ambos tipos de tumores Ki-67 e FASN. Para a quantificação microvascular e determinação da proliferação celular utilizamos os métodos quantitativos Microvessel Analysis Algorithm e Nuclear Image Analysis Algorithm com o software ImageScope (Aperio Scanscope® CS System). Foi utilizado o método semi-quantitativo convencional para a análise do marcador FASN. Resultados: O local anatômico mais acometido foi a parótida (67...

Semaphorins and neuropilins in salivary gland tumors = : Semaforinas e neuropilinas em tumores de glândulas salivares; Semaforinas e neuropilinas em tumores de glândulas salivares

Felipe Paiva Fonseca
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/02/2015 PT
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Tumores de glândulas salivares correspondem a aproximadamente 3% de todas as neoplasias de cabeça e pescoço e as neoplasias malignas derivadas destas estruturas anatômicas ainda representam um grande desafio para a oncologia de cabeça e pescoço devido a sua difícil abordagem cirúrgica e pobre resposta às outras abordagens terapêuticas. Um melhor entendimento do seu perfil molecular contribuiria significativamente para um melhor manejo terapêutico futuro e o estudo do potencial angiogênico dos tumores de glândulas salivares representa um interessante alvo de investigação. Tem sido demonstrado que as semaforinas induzem a apoptose de células tumorais, modulam a migração celular neoplásica e inibem a angiogênese em diferentes neoplasias humanas, competindo com o fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF) pela ligação aos seus principais receptores, as neuropilinas-1 e -2, desta forma inibindo os efeitos mitogênicos e pró-angiogênicos de VEGF. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo é investigar a expressão das semaforinas de classe 3 A e B (Sema3A e Sema3B), e dos seus receptores neuropilinas-1 e -2 (Np-1 e Np-2) em tumores de glândulas salivares, determinando seus significados clínicos. Duzentos e quarenta e oito tumores benignos e malignos de glândulas salivares selecionados de quatro instituições brasileiras foram organizados em blocos de parafina em microarranjo tecidual em matriz e submetidos a reações de imunoistoquímica contra CD34...

Expressão de proteínas relacionadas à diferenciação do ducto intercalado em neoplasias de glândula salivar : estudo imunoistoquímico; Protein expression related to the differentiation of duct intercalated in salivary gland neoplasms : immunohistochemical study

Camila Andrea Concha Gómez
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/02/2015 PT
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Introdução: Vários tumores de glândulas salivares imitam o sistema ductal, principalmente o ducto intercalado, tais como o adenoma pleomórfico, adenoma de células basais, carcinoma adenóide-cístico e carcinoma epitelial-mioepitelial. Contudo o adenocarcinoma polimorfo de baixo grau não apresenta ductos com dupla população celular como os outros descritos, mas é acreditado que este tumor é originado do ducto intercalado terminal. Em relação aos marcadores imunoistoquímicos, existem aqueles que detectam a expressão de enzimas e podem ser usados como marcadores funcionais de diferenciação celular, como lisozima e DOG1. Na glândula salivar normal, a lisozima é expressa no citoplasma das células luminais do ducto intercalado e em pequena quantidade nas células acinares, enquanto que o DOG1 é expresso na porção membranosa apical das células acinares e luminais do ducto intercalado. Objetivo: investigar a utilidade de lisozima e DOG1 na avaliação dos tumores salivares que se acredita sejam originados do ducto intercalado. Material e métodos: A expressão imunoistoquímica destes marcadores foi analisada em: 24 casos de Adenomas pleomórfico (AP), 10 Mioepiteliomas (M), 17 Tumores de Warthin (TW), 21 Adenocarcinomas polimorfo de baixo grau (APBG)...

Proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression in mucoepidermoid carcinoma of salivary glands

Cardoso,Weder Pereira; Denardin,Odilon Victor Porto; Rapoport,Abrão; Araújo,Vera Cavalcanti; Carvalho,Marcos Brasilino
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2000 EN
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CONTEXT: Among the cytological and morphological properties of mucoepidermoid carcinoma, one of the most important criteria for measuring its biological behavior and aggressiveness is cell proliferation. In this way, immunohistochemical markers of cell proliferation have been found to be useful in tumor classification and have formed part of the prognostic and therapeutic studies of these pathologies. OBJECTIVE: To analyze 11 cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) using the proliferation activity marker (PCNA) and to determine its relationship to the grade of malignancy of these tumors. DESIGN: Correlation study. SETTING: Head and Neck Surgery Service of Heliópolis Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil. SAMPLE: Slides of 11 cases of primary mucoepidermoid carcinomas of salivary glands were prepared according to routine techniques employed in the Oral Pathology Department of the Dentistry Faculty of São Paulo University, Brazil. They were fixed in a 10% formaldehyde solution and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. After this preparation the tumors were classified as low, intermediate and high grade of malignancy, according to the criteria established by Seifert & Sobin and Auclair, Goode & Ellis. The slides were sent for immunohistochemical processing to evaluate the positivity of proliferating cell nuclear antigen using the streptavidin biotin technique. MAIN MEASUREMENT: The correlation between proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression and the histological malignancy grade in mucoepidermoid carcinoma of salivary glands. RESULTS: there were 4 cases (36%) of low grade...

Tissue expression, serum and salivary levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in patients with HNSCC

Andisheh-Tadbir,Azadeh; Hamzavi,Marzieh; Rezvani,Gita; Ashraf,Mohammad Javad; Fattahi,Mohammad Javad; Khademi,Bijan; Kamali,Fereshteh
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cervicofacial Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cervicofacial
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
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Introduction: Vascular endothelial growth factor is thought to be an important angiogenic factor involved in tumor growth, progression, and metastasis. Objective: The present study evaluated the relation between tissue expression, serum and salivary levels of vascular endothelial growth factor in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas, and their correlation with clinicopathologic features. Methods: Samples were collected from 30 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas and 24 healthy volunteers. Immunohistochemical analysis was used for tissue expression and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to measure serum and salivary levels. Results: No vascular endothelial growth factor staining was observed in normal tissues, whereas vascular endothelial growth factor expression was seen in 6 patients (20%). Mean serum level of VEGF was 83.7 ± 104.47 in patients and 50.04 ± 32.94 in controls. Mean salivary level of vascular endothelial growth factor was 174.41 ± 115.07 in patients and 149.58 ± 101.88 in controls. No significant difference was found by Mann-Whitney test between controls and patients (p = 0.411, p = 0.944, respectively). No correlation was found between vascular endothelial growth factor tissue expression and its serum and salivary level. Conclusion: Overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor was found in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients...

Current cell models for bioengineering a salivary gland: a mini-review of emerging technologies

Nelson, J; Manzella, K; Baker, OJ
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2013 EN
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Saliva plays a major role in maintaining oral health. Patients afflicted with a decrease in saliva secretion (symptomatically, xerostomia) exhibit difficulty in chewing and swallowing foods, tooth decay, periodontal disease, and microbial infections. Despite recent improvements in treating xerostomia (e.g., saliva stimulants, saliva substitutes, and gene therapy), there is a need of more scientific advancements that can be clinically applied toward restoration of compromised salivary gland function. Here we provide a summary of the current salivary cell models that have been used to advance restorative treatments via development of an artificial salivary gland. These models represent initial steps toward clinical and translational research, to facilitate creation of clinically safe salivary glands. Further studies in salivary cell lines and primary cells are necessary to improve survival rates, cell differentiation, and secretory function. Additionally, the characterization of salivary progenitor and stem cell markers are necessary. Although these models are not fully characterized, their improvement may lead to the construction of an artificial salivary gland that is in high demand for improving the quality of life of many patients suffering from salivary secretory dysfunction.

Immunohistochemical Analysis of Salivary Gland Tumors: Application for Surgical Pathology Practice

Nagao, Toshitaka; Sato, Eiichi; Inoue, Rie; Oshiro, Hisashi; H. Takahashi, Reisuke; Nagai, Takeshi; Yoshida, Maki; Suzuki, Fumie; Obikane, Hiyo; Yamashina, Mitsumasa; Matsubayashi, Jun
Fonte: Japan Society of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry Publicador: Japan Society of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Salivary gland tumors are relatively uncommon and there exists a considerable diagnostic difficulty owing to their diverse histological features in individual lesions and the presence of a number of types and variants, in addition to overlapping histological patterns similar to those observed in different tumor entities. The classification is complex, but is closely relevant to the prognostic and therapeutic aspects. Although hematoxylin-eosin staining is still the gold standard method used for the diagnosis, immunohistochemistry (IHC) can enhance the accuracy and be a helpful tool when in cases to investigate the subjects that cannot be assessed by histological examination, such as the cell nature and differentiation status, cell proliferation, and tumor protein expression. This review depicts on the practical diagnostic utility of IHC in salivary gland tumor pathology under the following issues: assessment of cell differentiation, focusing on neoplastic myoepithelial cells; discrimination of histologically mimic tumor groups; diagnosis of specific tumor types, e.g., pleomorphic adenoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and salivary duct carcinoma; and evaluation of malignancy and prognostic factors. IHC plays a limited, even though important...

Salivary proteins of plant-feeding hemipteroids-implication in phytophagy

Sharma, A.; Khan, A.N.; Subrahmanyam, S.; Raman, A.; Taylor, G.S.; Fletcher, M.J.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
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Many hemipteroids are major pests and vectors of microbial pathogens, infecting crops. Saliva of the hemipteroids is critical in enabling them to be voracious feeders on plants, including the economically important ones. A plethora of hemipteroid salivary enzymes is known to inflict stress in plants, either by degrading the plant tissue or by affecting their normal metabolism. Hemipteroids utilize one of the following three strategies of feeding behaviour: salivary sheath feeding, osmotic-pump feeding and cell-rupture feeding. The last strategy also includes several different tactics such as lacerate-and-flush, lacerate-and-sip and macerate-and-flush. Understanding hemipteroid feeding mechanisms is critical, since feeding behaviour directs salivary composition. Saliva of the Heteroptera that are specialized as fruit and seed feeders, includes cell-degrading enzymes, auchenorrhynchan salivary composition also predominantly consists of cell-degrading enzymes such as amylase and protease, whereas that of the Sternorhyncha includes a variety of allelochemical-detoxifying enzymes. Little is known about the salivary composition of the Thysanoptera. Cell-degrading proteins such as amylase, pectinase, cellulase and pectinesterase enable stylet entry into the plant tissue. In contrast...

A influência do transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas alogênico no fluxo salivar = : The influence of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation on salivary flow; The influence of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation on salivary flow

Vinicius Rabelo Torregrossa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2015 PT
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INTRODUÇÃO: Alterações salivares quantitativas e qualitativas são complicações comuns ao Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoiéticas alogênico (TCTHa). Essas alterações salivares são frequentemente relacionas à fase tardia do TCTHa, principalmente na presença da Doença do Enxerto-Contra-Hospedeiro crônica (DECHc). Poucos estudos abordaram a influência da toxicidade aguda dos regimes de condicionamento sobre as alterações precoces do fluxo salivar. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência do TCTHa nas alterações precoces do fluxo salivar e validar critérios clínicos utilizados para o diagnóstico de hipossalivação nesta população de pacientes. MÉTODOS: O estudo prospectivo das alterações quantitativas da saliva envolveu 69 pacientes adultos submetidos ao primeiro TCTHa. A saliva não estimulada foi coletada e os pacientes foram submetidos à avaliação da saúde oral, do grau de mucosite oral, e de critérios clínicos de hipossalivação previamente ao início do regime de condicionamento, e entre os dias D+8-10 pós-TCTH. A avaliação da condição de saúde oral incluiu a obtenção do índice de Dentes Cariados, Perdidos e Obturados (CPOD), Índice Gengival (IG), e do Índice de Placa (IP). Para a avaliação da hipossalivação foram utilizados quatro critérios clínicos objetivos e quatro critérios subjetivos...

Dinâmica do perfil proteico salivar induzida pelo condicionamento pré transplante de células tronco hematopoéticas alogênico; Dynamics of salivary protein profile induced by conditioning pre allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant

Raiza Meira Vieira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/07/2015 PT
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Complicações orais estão presentes em cerca de 80% dos pacientes durante o Transplante de Células Tronco Hematopoéticas (TCTH), sendo a mucosite oral (MO) e as alterações salivares umas da que possuem maior impacto para a qualidade de vida do paciente. A utilização do perfil proteico salivar (PPS) na abordagem diagnóstica em diversas doenças tem sido frequente. A identificação de um PPS que auxilie o entendimento das manifestações agudas orais do TCTH poderia sobremaneira, influenciar nas decisões terapêuticas visando melhora no manejo do paciente. O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar alterações do PPS do início do regime do condicionamento pré TCTH até a recuperação medula e correlacioná- las com dados clínicos orais. Para tanto, foi utilizado o banco de dados de proteomica salivar do grupo de Odontologia do Hemocentro, encontrada por Feio et AL (2013). Nesta avaliação foram incluídos 16 pacientes submetidos ao primeiro TCTH alogênico na Unidade de Transplante de Medula Óssea do Hospital de Clínicas da UNICAMP. As amostras de saliva total não estimulada (STNE) foram coletadas em dois momentos: previamente ao condicionamento (coleta A) e a segunda (coleta B), entre os dias D+8 e D+10 pós-TCTH. Dados sobre saúde oral...

Inducing epithelial morphogenesis in human salivary acinar-like cells cultured in 3D hyaluronic acid, laminin-modified hydrogels

Cannon, Kevin
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Duncan, Randall L.; Witt, Robert L.; Radiation therapy used to treat head and neck cancers results in salivary gland hypofunction and xerostomia. Salivary gland dysfunction is concurrent with a steady decline in oral health. The creation of a bioengineered salivary gland would provide a potential long term treatment option for those suffering from xerostomia, or dry mouth. The goal of this project was to create an extracellular matrix (ECM): hyaluronic acid (HA)-based hydrogel culture system to promote the survival, growth, and morphogenesis of human salivary acinar-like cells (hSACs) into higher-ordered, branched structures. Ultimately, we aim to create hSAC structures capable of secreting fluid and salivary-specific proteins in a vectorial fashion to be used for engineering a fully functional artificial salivary gland to be implanted into patients suffering from xerostomia. Human salivary tissue was obtained from patients undergoing head and neck surgery under the approval of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) at Christiana Care Health Systems (CCHS) and the University of Delaware (UD). hSACs were identified in tissue explant culture. Gene expression and protein level analysis showed that hSACs express a variety of stem/progenitor cell markers in both two- and three-dimensional culture systems. Here we report the effects of fibroblast growth factors...