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Apontamentos sobre aspectos juridicos do e-commerce

Forgioni,Paula A.
Fonte: Fundação Getulio Vargas, Escola de Administração de Empresas de S.Paulo Publicador: Fundação Getulio Vargas, Escola de Administração de Empresas de S.Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2000 PT
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O artigo trata de relevantes aspectos jurídicos do chamado e-commerce, dando ênfase para a análise jurisprudencial de temas análogos e o possível posicionamento dos Tribunais brasileiros perante os contratos eletrônicos e a Internet, levando em consideração o cenário mundial, onde se procura um equilíbrio entre a proteção do consumidor, de um lado, e a necessidade de segurança e celeridade no tráfico, de outro. Entre os pontos abordados, destacam-se o momento da celebração do contrato eletrônico e sua relevância para o e-commerce, a forma do contrato eletrônico e sua prova, o sistema de oferta/aceitação em face do e-commerce, a utilização de senhas e a assinatura eletrônica.

The Canadian journal of commerce, finance and insurance review; Canadian journal of commerce

Fonte: M.S. Foley; M.S. Foley ( Montreal ) Publicador: M.S. Foley; M.S. Foley ( Montreal )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 1 online resource. : ;
Publicado em /1955/1886 ENGLISH
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(Bibliography) Index for v. 21 found in 8_06277_516, v. 21, no. 1 of Journal of commerce, finance and insurance review.; (Original Version) v. ; 32 cm.; (Dates or Sequential Designation) New ser. v. 21, no. 5 (July 31, 1885)-; (Dates or Sequential Designation) Ceased pub. with issue for Apr. 25, 1913.; (Numbering Peculiarities) Many issues have errors in date and/or numbering.; Title from caption.; Title from title screen.; Tables.; Issues reproduced: New ser. v. 21, no. 5 (July 31, 1885)-new ser. v. 51, no. 26 (Dec. 28, 1900).; Includes advertising matter.; Running title: The Canadian journal of commerce.

United States general imports of merchandise; U.S. gen. imports merch., ctry. orig. commod.

United States -- Bureau of the Census; United States -- Bureau of the Census. -- Foreign Trade Division
Fonte: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 4 v. : ; 20 x 26 cm.
ENGLISH
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(Dates or Sequential Designation) -Jan. 1947.; (Dates or Sequential Designation) Began with calendar year 1944.; (Numbering Peculiarities) Issued in 3 sections: A. North and South America; B. Europe; C. Asia, Australia, Oceania, Africa.; (Issuing Body) Prepared under the supervision of: the Foreign Trade Division.; Title from cover.; Description based on: Aug. 1945.; (Statement of Responsibility) Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

United States general imports of merchandise; U.S. gen. imports merch., ctry. orig. commod.

United States -- Bureau of the Census; United States -- Bureau of the Census. -- Foreign Trade Division
Fonte: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census ( Washington, D.C ) Publicador: Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census ( Washington, D.C )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 4 v. : ; 20 x 26 cm.
ENGLISH
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(Statement of Responsibility) Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.; (Dates or Sequential Designation) -Jan. 1947.; (Dates or Sequential Designation) Began with calendar year 1944.; (Numbering Peculiarities) Issued in 3 sections: A. North and South America; B. Europe; C. Asia, Australia, Oceania, Africa.; (Issuing Body) Prepared under the supervision of: the Foreign Trade Division.; Title from cover.; Description based on: Aug. 1945.

E-commerce adoption in Malaysian Small and Medium Enterprises Practitioner Firms: A revisit on Rogers' model

POORANGI,MEHDI M.; KHIN,EDWARD W.S.; NIKOONEJAD,SHOHREH; KARDEVANI,ARASH
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
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The current climate of business necessitates competitions that are often tough and unpredictable. All organizations, regardless their size and scope of operation, are facing severe competitive challenges. In order to cope with this phenomenon, managers are turning to e-commerce in their respective organizations. The present study hinges upon exploring and explaining the different dimensions of the adoption of e-commerce among Small and medium enterprises, based on the Five Factors of Diffusion of Innovation Model derived by Rogers. In this study, however, we employed the survey methods. A questionnaire was distributed to 1,200 managers and employees in the manufacturing, service and agricultural sectors by email; with a response rate of 10%. The results gleamed from this study posits that relative advantage is influential vis-à-vis e-commerce adoption. Trialability and Observability factors affect the level of confidence of management, which in turn, influences e-commerce adoption. Meanwhile, the existing culture of a company affects the resistance of employees, which in turn negatively effects the e-commerce adoption, while complexity does not significantly influence the e-commerce adoption.

Markets, Morals, and Practices of Trade: Jurisdictional Disputes in the U.S. Commerce in Cadavers

Anteby, Michel James
Fonte: Cornell University, The Johnson School Publicador: Cornell University, The Johnson School
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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This study examines the U.S. commerce in human cadavers for medical education and research to explore variation in legitimacy in trades involving similar goods. It draws on archival, interview, and observational data mainly from New York state to analyze market participants' efforts to legitimize commerce and resolve a jurisdictional dispute. Building on literature on professions, the study shows that how goods are traded, not only what is traded, proves integral to constructing legitimacy, thus suggesting a practice-based view of moral markets. The professionals, including a group of "gatekeepers," construct a narrative distinction between their own commerce and an implicitly less moral alternative and geographically insulate their trades from the broader commerce, creating in effect two circuits. Yet the professionals also promote specific practices of trade within their circuit to help them distinguish their own pursuit from an alternative course of action. The study's findings shed light on the micro-foundations of market legitimization and on the role of morals in sustaining professional jurisdictions.

Messersmith, G.S., Antwerp. Memorandum for Foreign Service.

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Document, 18 p.
EN_US
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Enumerates the varied duties of Foreign Service officers; general public has little idea of work involved; all reports are sent to State Department, and from there copies are sent to the interested Department such as Agriculture or Commerce; reports are then distributed directly to the individuals or firms who will find them useful, but who probably will not know they are the work of the Consular officers; Commerce Department, for instance, gets larger appropriation, while State Department finds it difficult to stretch budget to cover necessities; suggests Foreign Service Officers, when on leave, use every opportunity to speak before business organizations and write articles for their local papers with reference to the Service and its work.

[Messersmith, G.S.], [Washington]. To C.M. Morrison, Philadelphia.

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Letter Copy, 3 p.
EN_US
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Separate Foreign Services in Dept. of Agriculture and Commerce have presented problem, hampered U.S. in conduct of foreign relations, led to friction between departments, in Washington and between men in the field, and to inefficient and costly duplication of effort; President approved yesterday plan recommended by Depts. of State, Agriculture, and Commerce whereby Foreign Services of the three Departments would be consolidated into that of State; plan to be submitted to Congress next week; an editorial in the [Philadelphia] Ledger appearing shortly after might be helpful in preventing thoughtless adverse criticism of the measure; sending memorandum covering main outline of plan.

[Messersmith, G.S.], [Washington]. To E.P. Thomas, New York.

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Letter Copy, 3 p.
EN_US
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4 copies President and Secretaries of State, Agriculture, and Commerce reached agreement on plan for consolidation of Foreign Services of Agriculture and Commerce into that of State; plan and President's message go to Congress next week; a sound measure, it should work to advantage of all interests; sending memorandum which covers main outline of plan; will look forward to seeing Thomas in Washington next week at meeting of American section of International Chamber of Commerce; considered Thomas' suggestion that a Committee of National Foreign Trade Council should examine plan for consolidation before it was submitted, but not feasible, as it would mean submitting every plan to every interested group.

[Messersmith, G.S.], [Washington]. To James [A.] Farrell, New York.

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Letter Copy, 5 p.
EN_US
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2 copies. Few people more familiar than Farrell with foreign trade problems; informs Farrell that agreement has been reached among Depts. of Agriculture, Commerce, and State to consolidate Foreign Services of Agriculture and Commerce into that of State; plan has approval of President, who will submit it to Congress within a week; until then matter should be kept confidential; existence of three Foreign Services has led to inconveniences in conduct of foreign relations, friction between Departments and between men in field, and inefficient and expensive duplication of effort; measure will strengthen rather than weaken government's services to business and agriculture; asks that when plan is made public, Farrell will use his influence to curb adverse criticism; hopes to see Farrell in Washington at meeting of Chamber of Commerce.

Messersmith, G.S., [Washington]. To Acting Secretary [Sumner Welles].

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Document Copy, 6 p.
EN_US
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Enclosed with No. 983. Memorandum reporting conversations with [Key] Pittman and [Samuel Davis] McReynolds regarding bill before Congress governing Foreign Commerce Service; President approved amendment to bill which would authorize him by executive order to incorporate Foreign Commerce into Dept. of State; Pittman and McReynolds favorable to amendment and will try to get it through or postpone action on bill until amendment can be considered; Secretary [Cordell Hull] will want to discuss matter first with Secretary [of Commerce Daniel C.] Roper.

Messersmith, G.S., [Washington]. Memorandum to The Secretary [Cordell Hull] and the Undersecretary [Sumner Welles].

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Document Copy, 6 p.
EN_US
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Bill reenacting statute providing Foreign Commerce Service of Dept. of Commerce passed both Houses of Congress and will shortly go to President; principal feature of new statute is retirement plan for Foreign Commerce Service officers; President should note (1) retirement plan unsound, (2) Section 2 of bill enlarges scope of Foreign Commerce officers' activities to include "economic" matters, (3) bill provides for automatic promotions more advantageous than those enjoyed by Foreign Service officers of State Dept.; such differentiation unjust and dangerous to morale.

Messersmith, G.S., [Washington]. To Henry M. Bankhead, Ottawa.

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Letter Copy, 4 p.
EN_US
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Understands Bankhead's concern over consolidation of Foreign Service of Dept. of Commerce with that of the Dept. of State; reasons for favoring consolidation wholly objective and based on what he believes best interests of the government; trade promotional work of Foreign Commerce officers no longer so important as keeping open the channels of trade and creating new ones, which must be accomplished through diplomatic means; not in position at this time to outline plan which State Dept. will recommend; can conceive of no plan which would not bring into the consolidated service, on equitable grounds, the Commerce officers now in the field.

[Messersmith, G.S., Washington].

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Document Copy, 2 p.
EN_US
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For Memorandum See No. 1035. note on memorandum prepared for Col. [S. P.] Wetherill of the Business Advisory Council of the Dept. of Commerce by William L. Jenkins, a member of his staff; Dept. of Commerce trying to secure Advisory Council support for changes in coordination agreement which would widen scope and activities of Commercial Attach??s; assumes Wetherill holds same opinion as Jenkins.

Messersmith, G.S., Vienna. To William Phillips, Washington.

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Letter Copy, 13 p.
EN_US
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Glad to hear Secretary returned from Pinehurst much refreshed; not unduly optimistic about situation in Europe, but developments in last six weeks have been in right direction; England, France, Italy, and Yugoslavia closer to agreement; League handling of Saar question and complications resulting from Marseilles murders indicates new spirit of cooperation; new coalition cabinet formed in Yugoslavia includes both Croats and Slovenes; if London, Paris, Rome, and Belgrade continue on present path, Poland, Hungary, and Balkan Entente likely to follow, and Hitler Germany will be completely isolated; Germany recognizes her position and is making effort to drive wedge between England and France; attitude of U.S., though no commitment is made, has contributed to present determined attitude of England and France; position of Austrian government and of Chancellor is strengthened, and if troubles arise they will come from outside; [Ernst von] Starhemberg keeping in background; Starhemberg reported to be very grateful to Schuschnigg for his intervention with the Pope in matter of annulment of Starhemberg's marriage; wife a charming woman, but has no children, and Starhemberg anxious for heir; Austrian government convinced that Germany has not given up her aspirations concerning Austria; explosives reportedly being sent again from Germany to Austria; Foreign Minister told of visit he and Chancellor made to Budapest; reported Austria and Hungary closer together now than in many years; economic more than political considerations drawing them together; economic situation in Austria encouraging; press comment about Austrian rearmament foolish; only basis for story is reopening of powder factory; all it means is that powder she used to import she will now make at home; in Germany...

Messersmith, G.S., [Washington]. Memorandum to The Secretary [Cordell Hull] and the Undersecretary [Sumner Welles].

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Document Copy, 9 p.
EN_US
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Secretary [Daniel C.] Roper and Assistant Secretary [Richard C.] Patterson of Commerce asked support of Business Advisory Council in preventing transfer Foreign Commerce officers to State Dept.; Chairman of Council, W. A. Harriman,asked that officer from State Dept. meet with committee of council and explain proposed consolidation; Messersmith met committee in New York as guest of Mr. W. C. Dickerman; learned that Council had been given erroneous impression that whole Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce was to be transferred to State Department; explained to committee how consolidation would be to advantage of not only government but business; committee seemed in agreement, but hesitant to lend their support in opposition to Dept. of Commerce; thinks Roper feels that transfer of Foreign Commerce officers from his Department would lower prestige of Department.

[Messersmith, G.S.], [Washington]. To [Sumner] Welles.

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Letter Copy, 9 p.
EN_US
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Lunched with [Harry L.] Hopkins [recently appointed Secretary of Commerce]; has had high regard for him, but disturbed over ideas he expressed at luncheon; his greatest interest appears to be foreign commerce; indicated his intention of bringing into Department capable business men who would be willing to serve the government at a sacrifice; fears he is in for disillusionment; such practice would result in much publicity, and may disturb constructive efforts now being made; old type of sales methods abroad no longer effective under existing circumstances; government efforts to hold and develop foreign trade confined to keeping open channels of trade; time is favorable for consolidation of Foreign Services under State Department; should be definitely decided on before Hopkins can carry through his plans for reorganization of Department of Commerce.

[Geist], Raymond [H.], Washington. To G.S. Messersmith, Havana.

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Letter Signed, 3 p.
EN_US
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Glad to hear Messersmith comfortably settled; hopes Mrs. Messersmith's knee will soon be cured; agrees with Messersmith and would strongly oppose sending Ambassador to Germany; believes U.S. should give allies all planes wanted and not allow U.S. Army orders to hold up shipments; is afraid position Germany will have secured in Scandinavia, Low Countries, and Balkans by end of year will be so strong that U.S. help for allies may be too late; rape of Denmark and Norway seems to have made no striking impression on U.S.; general attitude is "What can we do about it?"; took over office [of Division of Commercial Relations] April 1; cordial relations between office and Dept. of Commerce and fine cooperation; speaking at meeting of U.S. Chamber of Commerce on Apr. 30, and during Foreign Trade Week have speeches scheduled for Memphis, Birmingham, Atlanta, Charleston, and Chicago; knows nothing of talks [Sumner] Welles had in Europe; neither he nor President has made any announcement; maybe after election administration will have free hand to lead American people to join battle for civilization; is busy, not only with job, but preparing speeches and lecturing at Foreign Service School; thanks Messersmith for backing him for promotion to present position; Lothrap Stoddard...

Messersmith, G.S., Havana. To Raymond H. Geist, Washington.

Messersmith, George S. (George Strausser), 1883-1960.
Fonte: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library Publicador: Special Collections, University of Delaware Library
Tipo: Outros Formato: Typed Letter Copy, 4 p.
EN_US
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Pleased Geist in charge of new Division and confident he will do good job; experience gained will be valuable to Geist when he returns to field; is sure that with Geist's skill and understanding Department will establish good relations with Commerce, Agriculture, and other Departments; suggests Geist cultivate personally [Edward J.] Noble, [James W.] Young, and [Grosvenor M.] Jones of Commerce and Warren [Lee] Pierson of Export-Import Bank; by personal contact, Geist can eradicate suspicion and distrust which still exist; happy to hear of Geist's speaking engagements; extremely useful to bring Departmental people in contact with the business men; glad of sale of planes to Allies, but U.S. must go further; German move into Scandinavia-strengthens her in production of iron and steel; next move may be into Rumania for oil; indications Mussolini may join up with Germany after all; in spite of opposition of Italian people; he could cause trouble in Mediterranean; still believes Germany not capable of sustained war effort; would be to advantage of U.S. to help Allies now in every way possible; working against tremendous odds in Cuba, and has not made much progress yet, but is not discouraged; comfortably settled in home; wife's knee somewhat improved; happy in new surroundings but misses friends in Washington; hopes Geist and sister can come for visit.

El comercio electrónico y los modelos de negocio en internet; The e-commerce and the internet business models

Villar Raba, Rubén
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
SPA
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RESUMEN: A lo largo de este trabajo vamos a explicar qué es y en qué consiste el comercio electrónico y cuáles son sus características principales, comenzando desde sus orígenes hasta las previsiones de futuro que realizan los expertos y centrándonos especialmente en la situación actual en la que se encuentra el comercio electrónico tanto a nivel europeo como en España. Así, conoceremos cuales fueron los orígenes de comercio electrónico, cuáles fueron las tecnologías emergentes que dieron lugar a su aparición, en qué situación se encuentra el comercio electrónico en la actualidad, cuáles son las cifras del volumen de negocio, el porcentaje de población que lo utiliza, qué sectores son los que más se han beneficiado de la implantación del comercio electrónico y en cuales esta implantación del comercio electrónico ha supuesto un cambio más drástico y un rediseño completo de la manera en la que el sector se estructuraba antes de la aparición del comercio electrónico, cuáles son sus características, así como las ventajas y desventajas que pueden desprenderse de su implantación y cuáles son los aspectos claves que se han de cuidar y tener en cuenta para que una estrategia de comercio electrónico sea exitosa. También explicaremos las líneas de futuro que se esperan en la evolución del comercio electrónico para poder conocer si continuará con la tendencia ascendente que viene presentando en los últimos años o si por el contrario descenderá su utilización y poder conocer cuáles serán las principales tendencias en el futuro según los expertos en la materia. Posteriormente nos centraremos en las modalidades de comercio electrónico que existen en la actualidad...