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Da fotografia como arte à arte como fotografia: a experiência do Museu de Arte Contemporânea da USP na década de 1970

COSTA, Helouise
Fonte: Museu Paulista, Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Museu Paulista, Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.49%
Este ensaio visa sistematizar os primeiros resultados de uma pesquisa, ainda em curso, sobre o processo de legitimação da fotografia pelo sistema de arte no Brasil, cujo foco principal é o museu. Os museus de arte da cidade de São Paulo foram escolhidos para dar início a essa investigação. Primeiramente, será abordada, em linhas gerais, a presença da fotografia no Museu de Arte Moderna de São Paulo e na Bienal de São Paulo, dada a vinculação de origem do Museu de Arte Contemporânea com essas duas instituições paulistanas. Na seqüência será analisada a formação do acervo fotográfico do Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo durante a década de 1970. Por fim, esse percurso permitirá observar que a atuação de Walter Zanini, o primeiro diretor do Museu, e as particularidades da posição do MAC-USP no sistema de arte no Brasil naquele período resultaram no entendimento da fotografia prioritariamente no âmbito da arte contemporânea de caráter experimental e não como obra de arte autônoma, segundo os princípios da chamada fotografia artística.; This article presents the first findings of a research still under development about the process of legitimation of photography as a kind of art by the artistic scene in Brazil. The art museums of the city of São Paulo were chosen for starting that research. Initially...

Heavy Metal Contamination in Phrynops geoffroanus (Schweigger, 1812) (Testudines: Chelidae) in a River Basin, So Paulo, Brazil

PINA, C. I.; LANCE, V. A.; FERRONATO, B. O.; GUARDIA, I.; MARQUES, T. S.; VERDADE, L. M.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.48%
The Piracicaba River basin is considered the most disturbed river basin in the state of So Paulo. Considerable amounts of agricultural residues are seasonally drained into the river, and the region is also highly urbanized and industrialized with an incipient sewage treatment system. The presence of heavy metals has been previously reported for the water and riverbed in Piracicaba river basin. In this study we evaluated 13 heavy metals in the blood of 37 Geoffroy`s side-necked turtles, Phrynops geoffroanus, from Piracicaba River and Piracicamirim Creek, one of its tributaries. Blood levels of As, Co, Cr, Se and Pb varied among sites, whereas Sn varied between males and females. However, no obvious pathology was detected. Serum level of Cu (2,194 ng g(-1)) and Pb (1,150 ng g(-1)) found in this study are the highest ever described for any reptile; however, no clinical symptoms have been detected in the present study. There is no information about the time scale of such contamination, which could be currently subclinical and yet lead to a breakdown in the population reproductive success in a few years. Based on the present study, legal enforcement is urged in order to locate and extirpate heavy metal sources in the Piracicaba River basin. In addition...

Defining Nutrient and Biochemical Oxygen Demand Baselines for Tropical Rivers and Streams in So Paulo State (Brazil): A Comparison Between Reference and Impacted Sites

CUNHA, Davi G. F.; DODDS, Walter K.; CALIJURI, Maria do Carmo
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.59%
Determining reference concentrations in rivers and streams is an important tool for environmental management. Reference conditions for eutrophication-related water variables are unavailable for Brazilian freshwaters. We aimed to establish reference baselines for So Paulo State tropical rivers and streams for total phosphorus (TP) and nitrogen (TN), nitrogen-ammonia (NH(4) (+)) and Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) through the best professional judgment and the trisection methods. Data from 319 sites monitored by the So Paulo State Environmental Company (2005 to 2009) and from the 22 Water Resources Management Units in So Paulo State were assessed (N = 27,131). We verified that data from different management units dominated by similar land cover could be analyzed together (Analysis of Variance, P = 0.504). Cumulative frequency diagrams showed that industrialized management units were characterized by the worst water quality (e.g. average TP of 0.51 mg/L), followed by agricultural watersheds. TN and NH(4) (+) were associated with urban percentages and population density (Spearman Rank Correlation Test, P < 0.05). Best professional judgment and trisection (median of lower third of all sites) methods for determining reference concentrations showed agreement: 0.03 & 0.04 mg/L (TP)...

Adoption and use of precision agriculture technologies in the sugarcane industry of So Paulo state, Brazil

SILVA, Claudia Brito; MORAES, Marcia Azanha Ferraz Dias de; MOLIN, Jose Paulo
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.5%
Precision agriculture (PA) technologies are being applied to crops in Brazil, which are important to ensure Brazil`s position in agricultural production. However, there are no studies available at present to indicate the extent to which PA technologies are being used in the country. Therefore, the main objective of this research was to investigate how the sugar-ethanol industry in So Paulo state, which produces 60% of the domestic sugarcane, is adopting and using these techniques. For this purpose, primary data were used, which were obtained from a questionnaire sent to all companies operating in the sugar-ethanol industry in the region. The aim was to determine to what extent these companies are adopting and using PA technologies, and also to promote a more in-depth discussion of the topic within the sugar-ethanol industry. Information was obtained on the features of the companies, on sources of information that they use for adopting these technologies, on their impacts on these companies and on obstacles hindering their adoption. The main conclusions of this research suggest that companies that adopt and use PA practices reap benefits, such as managerial improvements, higher yields, lower costs, minimization of environmental impacts and improvements in sugarcane quality.; Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)

Residential high-rise buildings in São Paulo: aspects related to the adequacy to the occupant`s needs

ORNSTEIN, Sheila Walbe; VILLA, Simone Barbosa; ONO, Rosaria
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.43%
This paper analyzes the production of apartment buildings for the middle-income segment in the city of So Paulo, Brazil, from a historical perspective. Tracing the response to the occupants` needs, the focus is on family profiles and their demands, the relationship between architectural design and marketing, and satisfaction levels of current users. The paper begins with a brief historical overview of how apartment buildings have evolved over the past eight decades, highlighting the consolidation of the tripartite model. Next, it analyzes family profiles and their current needs, which would call for a redesign of domestic space. From a different angle, it shows how the real-estate market reacts to this situation, namely by introducing minor changes in the domestic space that are closely linked to major investments in marketing. This leads to a discussion on the quality of recent architectural designs in light of Post-Occupancy Evaluation (POE) case studies, which corroborate the tendencies previously outlined. The conclusions drawn from the POEs suggest that the market should establish a closer and deeper relationship between the assessment of the human behavior in the domestic space and the architectural quality of homes as a means of increasing satisfaction levels and improving design performance.

Evaluation of serum trace element, biochemical and hematological data of a healthy elderly group residing in So Paulo city, Brazil

SAIKI, M.; SUMITA, N. M.; JALUUL, O.; JACOB-FILHO, W.; VASCONCELLOS, M. B. A.
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.48%
In this study, blood serum trace elements, biochemical and hematological parameters were obtained to assess the health status of an elderly population residing in So Paulo city, SP, Brazil. Results obtained showed that more than 93% of the studied individuals presented most of the serum trace element concentrations and of the hematological and biochemical data within the reference values used in clinical laboratories. However, the percentage of elderly presenting recommended low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations was low (70%). The study indicated positive correlation between the concentrations of Zn and LDL-cholesterol (p < 0.06).

Downward longwave radiation estimates for clear and all-sky conditions in the Sertozinho region of So Paulo, Brazil

KRUK, Nadiane Smaha; VENDRAME, Iria Fernades; ROCHA, Humberto Ribeiro da; CHOU, Sin Chan; CABRAL, Osvaldo
Fonte: SPRINGER WIEN Publicador: SPRINGER WIEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.54%
The accurate estimate of the surface longwave fluxes contribution is important for the calculation of the surface radiation budget, which in turn controls all the components of the surface energy budget, such as evaporation and the sensible heat fluxes. This study evaluates the performance of the various downward longwave radiation parameterizations for clear and all-sky days applied to the Sertozinho region in So Paulo, Brazil. Equations have been adjusted to the observations of longwave radiation. The adjusted equations were evaluated for every hour throughout the day and the results showed good fits for most of the day, except near dawn and sunset, followed by nighttime. The seasonal variation was studied by comparing the dry period against the rainy period in the dataset. The least square linear regressions resulted in coefficients equal to the coefficients found for the complete period, both in the dry period and in the rainy period. It is expected that the best fit equation to the observed data for this site be used to produce estimates in other regions of the State of So Paulo, where such information is not available.; Sao Paulo State Research Foundation (FAPESP)[02/09289-9]; Serra do Graduate Furtherance (CAPES)

Anthropogenic heat in the city of So Paulo, Brazil

FERREIRA, Mauricio Jonas; OLIVEIRA, Amauri Pereira de; SOARES, Jacyra
Fonte: SPRINGER WIEN Publicador: SPRINGER WIEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.58%
The main goal of this work is to describe the anthropogenic energy flux (Q (F)) in the city of So Paulo, Brazil. The hourly, monthly, and annual values of the anthropogenic energy flux are estimated using the inventory method, and the contributions of vehicular, stationary, and human metabolism sources from 2004 to 2007 are considered. The vehicular and stationary sources are evaluated using the primary consumption of energy based on fossil fuel, bio fuel, and electricity usage by the population. The diurnal evolution of the anthropogenic energy flux shows three relative maxima, with the largest maxima occurring early in the morning (similar to 19.9 Wm(-2)) and in the late afternoon (similar to 20.3 Wm(-2)). The relative maximum that occurs around noontime (similar to 19.6 Wm(-2)) reflects the diurnal pattern of vehicle traffic that seems to be specific to So Paulo. With respect to diurnal evolution, the energy flux released by vehicular sources (Q (FV)) contributes approximately 50% of the total anthropogenic energy flux. Stationary sources (Q (FS)) and human metabolism (Q (FM)) represent about 41% and 9% of the anthropogenic energy flux, respectively. For 2007, the monthly values of Q (FV), Q (FS), Q (FM), and Q (F) are, respectively...

Agribusiness Opportunity Costs and Environmental Legal Protection: Investigating Trade-Off on Hotspot Preservation in the State of So Paulo, Brazil

IGARI, Alexandre Toshiro; TAMBOSI, Leandro Reverberi; PIVELLO, Vania Regina
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.53%
Prior to deforestation, So Paulo State had 79,000 km(2) covered by Cerrado (Brazilian savanna) physiognomies, but today less than 8.5% of this biodiversity hotspot remains, mostly in private lands. The global demand for agricultural goods has imposed strong pressure on natural areas, and the economic decisions of agribusiness managers are crucial to the fate of Cerrado domain remaining areas (CDRA) in Brazil. Our aim was to investigate the effectiveness of Brazilian private protected areas policy, and to propose a feasible alternative to promote CDRA protection. This article assessed the main agribusiness opportunity costs for natural areas preservation: the land use profitability and the arable land price. The CDRA percentage and the opportunity costs were estimated for 349 municipal districts of So Paulo State through secondary spatial data and profitability values of 38 main agricultural products. We found that Brazilian private protected areas policy fails to preserve CDRA, although the values of non-compliance fines were higher than average opportunity costs. The scenario with very restrictive laws on private protected areas and historical high interest rates allowed us to conceive a feasible cross compliance proposal to improve environmental and agricultural policies.; CNPq - Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)

Characterization of atmospheric aerosols in the city of So Paulo, Brazil: comparisons between polluted and unpolluted periods

de Almeida Albuquerque, Taciana Toledo; Andrade, Maria de Fatima; Ynoue, Rita Yuri
Fonte: SPRINGER; DORDRECHT Publicador: SPRINGER; DORDRECHT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.5%
The objective of this study was to determine the size and composition of atmospheric aerosols in the downtown area of the city of So Paulo, Brazil, for a polluted and an unpolluted period. Aerosols were sampled with a portable air sampler (PAS), Micro-Orifice Uniform Deposit Impactor (MOUDI), and Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer. At the study site, air quality is poor, especially during the winter, high concentrations of pollutants being emitted primarily by the light- and heavy-duty vehicle fleet. We analyzed mass, black carbon (BC), Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Br, Rb, Sn, Zr, and Pb. During the polluted period, diurnal PM(10) was higher than nocturnal PM(10), whereas the inverse was true during the unpolluted period. The FPM was rich in BC, S, and Pb, whereas CPM was rich in Al, Si, Ca, Ti, and Fe. Mass balance was performed by category: ammonium sulfate, sodium chloride, crustal material, BC, and other. The PAS-determined FPM was mainly BC. The MOUDI-determined FPM crustal material explained more mass than did ammonium sulfate and BC during the polluted period, whereas ammonium sulfate had the largest mass during the unpolluted period. Crustal material was the major CPM component, followed by ammonium sulfate and BC. During the unpolluted period...

Radiation balance at the surface in the city of So Paulo, Brazil: diurnal and seasonal variations

Ferreira, Mauricio Jonas; de Oliveira, Amauri Pereira; Soares, Jacyra; Codato, Georgia; Barbaro, Eduardo Wilde; Escobedo, Joao Francisco
Fonte: SPRINGER WIEN; WIEN Publicador: SPRINGER WIEN; WIEN
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.58%
The main goal of this work is to describe the diurnal and seasonal variations of the radiation balance components at the surface in the city of So Paulo based on observations carried out during 2004. Monthly average hourly values indicate that the amplitudes of the diurnal cycles of net radiation (Q*), downwelling and upwelling shortwave radiation (SW(DW), SW(UP)), and longwave radiations (LW(DW), LW(UP)) in February were, respectively, 37%, 14%, 19%, 11%, and 5% larger than they were in August. The monthly average daily values indicate a variation of 60% for Q*, with a minimum in June and a maximum in December; 45% for SW(DW), with a minimum in May and a maximum in September; 50% for SW(UP), with a minimum in June and a maximum in September; 13% for LW(DW), with a minimum in July and a maximum in January; and 9% for LW(UP), with a minimum in July and a maximum in February. It was verified that the atmospheric broadband transmissivity varied from 0.36 to 0.57; the effective albedo of the surface varied from 0.08 to 0.10; and the atmospheric effective emissivity varied from 0.79 to 0.92. The surface effective emissivity remained approximately constant and equal to 0.96. The albedo and surface effective emissivity for So Paulo agreed with those reported for urban areas in Europe and North America cities. This indicates that material and geometric effects on albedo and surface emissivity in So Paulo are similar to ones observed in typical middle latitudes cities. On the other hand...

Status of Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae) as a Pest of Coconut in the State of Sao Paulo, Southeastern Brazil

Oliveira, Daniel Chiaradia; Moraes, Gilberto José de; Dias, Carlos Tadeu dos Santos
Fonte: ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC BRASIL; LONDRINA, Publicador: ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC BRASIL; LONDRINA,
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.5%
The coconut mite, Aceria guerreronis Keifer, is one of the main pests of coconut palms (Cocos nucifera) in northeastern Brazil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the levels of the coconut mite and other mites on coconut palms in the state of So Paulo and to estimate the possible role of predatory mites in the control of this pest. The effect of cultivated genotypes and sampling dates on the mite populations was also estimated. We sampled attached fruits, leaflets, inflorescences, and fallen fruits. The coconut mite was the main phytophagous mite found on attached and fallen fruits, with average densities of 110.0 and 20.5 mites per fruit, respectively. The prevalent predatory mites on attached and fallen fruits were Proctolaelaps bulbosus Moraes, Reis & Gondim Jr. and Proctolaelaps bickleyi (Bram), both Melicharidae. On leaflets, the tenuipalpids Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijsks) and Tenuipalpus coyacus De Leon and the tetranychid Oligonychus modestus (Banks) were the predominant phytophagous mites. On both leaflets and inflorescences, the predominant predatory mites belonged to the Phytoseiidae. Neoseiulus baraki (Athias-Henriot) and Neoseiulus paspalivorus (De Leon), predators widely associated with the coconut mite in northeastern Brazil and several other countries...

Biomonitoring of coastal regions of So Paulo State, Brazil, using mussels Perna perna

Catharino, M. G. M.; Vasconcellos, M. B. A.; Kirschbaum, A. A.; Gasparro, M. R.; Minei, C. C.; de Sousa, E. C. P. M.; Seo, D.; Moreira, E. G.
Fonte: SPRINGER; DORDRECHT Publicador: SPRINGER; DORDRECHT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.56%
The marine environment is constantly affected by anthropic actions, with causes consequent degradation of the waters and marine biota by various discharges of xenobiotics. In the present study, the focus was the study of a region of the marine coast of the State of So Paulo (city of Santos), which is one of the most industrialized parts of Brazil and suffers also from a strong impact of domestic effluents. The mussel Perna perna, very abundant in the coast of the State of So Paulo, Brazil, was selected as the biomonitoring organism for the determination of inorganic elements and a passive biomonitoring was performed. The organisms were collected at two sites in So Paulo State coast: Cocanha beach in Caraguatatuba (mussel farm) and Santos Bay (Itaipu and Palmas). Seasonally, the Perna perna were collected between September/08 and July/09 in each study sites. After removal and sample preparation, the elements As, Co, Cr, Fe, Se and Zn were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and Cd, Pb and Hg were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) in this organism.; FAPESP from Brazil; FAPESP from Brazil [2008/01385-5]

Vanadium biomonitoring by using Perna perna (Linnaeus, 1758) mussels transplanted in the coast of the State of So Paulo, Brazil

Seo, D.; Vasconcellos, M. B. A.; Saiki, M.; Catharino, M. G. M.; Moreira, E. G.; Sousa, E. C. P. M. de; Pereira, C. D. S.
Fonte: SPRINGER; DORDRECHT Publicador: SPRINGER; DORDRECHT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.53%
The increased pollution in the aquatic ecosystem has led to the investigation of toxic elements in sea water by using marine organisms to assess marine pollution from human activities. Among these organisms, the mollusks bivalves have been used as biomonitors since they can accumulate trace elements and other substances, without the occurrence of their death. In this study, Perna perna mussels were transplanted from a mussel farm (reference region) to four sites located in coastal regions of So Paulo State, Brazil, close to anthropic discharge areas. Vanadium was determined in mussel tissues by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). Quality control of V analysis was checked by analyzing biological reference materials and the results obtained were precise and in good agreement with the certified values. Comparisons between the V concentrations obtained in transplanted mussels indicated that those from So Sebastio region, close to an oil terminal presented the highest concentration of this element, during spring.; Sao Paulo Research Foundation; Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development from Brazil; International Atomic Energy Agency

Assessment and management of oral health in liver transplant candidates

Santos, Paulo Sergio da Silva; Fernandes, Karin Sá; Gallottini, Marina Helena Cury
Fonte: UNIV SAO PAULO FAC ODONTOLOGIA BAURU; BAURU-SP Publicador: UNIV SAO PAULO FAC ODONTOLOGIA BAURU; BAURU-SP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.51%
Liver transplantation has become a standard treatment for end-stage liver disease and the number of recipients has grown rapidly in the last few years. Dental care during pre-transplant workup is important to reduce potential sources of infection in the drug-induced immunosuppression phase of liver transplantation. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to document the prevalence of oral abnormalities in patients on a liver transplant waiting list presenting to an urban dental school clinic, discuss the appropriate dental treatment according their systemic conditions and compare their oral manifestations with those of healthy individuals. Material and Methods: A pilot study was conducted involving 16 end-stage liver disease individuals (study group- SG) attending the Special Care Dentistry Center of the University of So Paulo and 16 control individuals (control group- CG) with no liver diseases, receiving dental care at the Dental School of the University of So Paulo. These individuals were assessed for their dental status (presence of oral disease or abnormalities), coagulation status, and dental treatment indications. Results: The patients from SG exhibited a greater incidence of oral manifestations compared with CG (p=0.0327) and were diagnosed with at least one oral disease or condition that required treatment. Coagulation abnormalities reflecting an increased risk of bleeding were found in 93.75% of the patients. However...

Observational and numerical study of the time evolution of the planetary boundary layer at the urban area of São Paulo, Brazil

Ribeiro, Flávia Noronha Dutra; Lopes, Lenon Colosovski; Pereira, Maxsuel Marcos Rocha; Oliveira, Amauri Pereira de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo; São Paulo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo; São Paulo
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.48%
The MCITY project, conducted by the Group of Micrometeorology at the Institute of Astronomy, Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences (IAG) of the University of São Paulo (USP), intends to investigate the micrometeorological features of the urban climate of the cities of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. This knowledge is crucial to better understand the atmosphere dynamics and consequently air quality, weather conditions and Urban Heat Islands phenomenon in these two cities. The present work analyses part of the data that are being collected during the project: an experiment that comprises a series of atmospheric soundings performed during the austral summer and winter at the Campo de Marte airport, near the center of the city of São Paulo. The two periods were chosen because observations indicate that the climate in São Paulo is divided in two predominant seasons: a wet and hot summer, with monthly averaged maximum values of temperature and precipitation in February (22.5 °C and 255 mm, respectively), and of humidity from December to January and from March to April (80 %), and a dry and cold winter, with monthly averaged minimum values of temperature and humidity from July to August (16 °C and 74 %, respectively) and of precipitation in August (35 mm). During the experiment...

Radiation balance at the surface in the city of So Paulo, Brazil: diurnal and seasonal variations

Ferreira, Mauricio Jonas; de Oliveira, Amauri Pereira; Soares, Jacyra; Codato, Georgia; Barbaro, Eduardo Wilde; Escobedo, João Francisco
Fonte: Springer Wien Publicador: Springer Wien
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 229-246
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.58%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); The main goal of this work is to describe the diurnal and seasonal variations of the radiation balance components at the surface in the city of So Paulo based on observations carried out during 2004. Monthly average hourly values indicate that the amplitudes of the diurnal cycles of net radiation (Q*), downwelling and upwelling shortwave radiation (SWDW, SWUP), and longwave radiations (LWDW, LWUP) in February were, respectively, 37%, 14%, 19%, 11%, and 5% larger than they were in August. The monthly average daily values indicate a variation of 60% for Q*, with a minimum in June and a maximum in December; 45% for SWDW, with a minimum in May and a maximum in September; 50% for SWUP, with a minimum in June and a maximum in September; 13% for LWDW, with a minimum in July and a maximum in January; and 9% for LWUP, with a minimum in July and a maximum in February. It was verified that the atmospheric broadband transmissivity varied from 0.36 to 0.57; the effective albedo of the surface varied from 0.08 to 0.10; and the atmospheric effective emissivity varied from 0.79 to 0.92. The surface effective emissivity remained approximately constant and equal to 0.96. The albedo and surface effective emissivity for So Paulo agreed with those reported for urban areas in Europe and North America cities. This indicates that material and geometric effects on albedo and surface emissivity in So Paulo are similar to ones observed in typical middle latitudes cities. on the other hand...

The Gracilariaceae Germplasm Bank of the University of So Paulo, Brazil-a DNA barcoding approach

Costa, Emmanuelle S.; Plastino, Estela Maria; Petti, Rosario; Oliveira Filho, Eurico Cabral de; Oliveira, Mariana Cabral de
Fonte: SPRINGER; DORDRECHT Publicador: SPRINGER; DORDRECHT
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.51%
The University of So Paulo Gracilariaceae Germplasm Bank has 50 strains collected mostly in Brazil, but also elsewhere in the world. This bank has been used as a source of material for research developed locally and abroad. With over 200 species, some of which have high economic value, the family Gracilariaceae has been extensively studied. Nonetheless, taxonomic problems still persist by the existence of cryptic species, phenotypic plasticity, and broad geographic distribution. In the case of algae kept in culture for long periods of time, the identification is even more problematic as a consequence of considerable morphological modification. Thus, the use of molecular markers has been shown to be an efficient tool to elucidate taxonomic issues in the group. In this work, we sequenced the 5'-end of the cox1 gene for 41 strains and the universal plastid amplicon (UPA) plastid region for 45 strains, covering all 50 strains in the bank. In addition, the rbcL for representatives of the cox1/UPA clusters was sequenced for 14 strains. The original species identification based on morphology was compared with the molecular data obtained in this work, resulting in the identification of 13 different species. Our analyses indicate that cox1 and UPA are suitable markers for the delineation of species of Gracilariales in the germplasm bank. The addition of DNA barcode tags to the samples in the Gracilariaceae germplasm bank and the molecular identification of the species will make this bank even more useful for future research as the species can be easily traced and confirmed.; State of Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP); State of Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) [2007/51270-7]; Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) [BrBOL 564945/2010-2]; Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); CAPES; CAPES

A RENOVAÇÃO URBANA DO CENTRO DE SÃO PAULO E O LARGO DE SÃO BENTO; THE RENEWAL OF SÃO PAULO CENTRE AND SÃO BENTO'S SQUARE

Campos, Helcio Ribeiro
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia Humana. Universidade de São Paulo. Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia Humana. Universidade de São Paulo.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/12/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.54%
O objetivo deste artigo é mostrar parte de um programa de renovação urbana do Centro de São Paulo, conduzido por empresas privadas em associação com o poder publico, exemplificado a partir do Largo de São Bento. Para a consecução disso foi empreendido um breve estudo sobre a formação da centralidade e de sua posterior decadência, pois só nesta fase legitima-se um discurso intervencionista. Nesse contexto são analisados alguns dos interesses sociais, econômicos, culturais e histórico-arquitetônicos, às vezes conflitantes, coexistentes na região central de São Paulo – envolvendo, por exemplo, camelôs, a Associação Viva o Centro, o vandalismo e a busca da produção de espaços higienizados e úteis ao turismo – à luz dos processos de revitalização, renovação e gentrificação. Tais processos se tornam imperativos sobre o Largo de São Bento por ser o local de origem de São Paulo e por representar um grande signo para a construção identitária e da memória da cidade, constituindo-se, portanto, em um foco especial para as intervenções urbanas e imprescindível para a abordagem geográfica. ; The aim of this article is to show a piece of one program on urban renewal of São Paulo Centre, led by private enterprises joined with public power...

De igreja de taipa a catedral: aspectos históricos e arquitetônicos da igreja matriz da cidade de São Paulo; De iglesia de tapial a catedral: aspectos históricos e arquitectónicos de la iglesia matriz da ciudad de São Paulo; Church of rammed earth to cathedral: historical and architectonic aspects of the mother church of São Paulo

Ramirez, Karen Niccoli; Lindenberg Neto, Henrique
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/09/2014 POR
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45.49%
São Paulo de Piratininga, assim como o Brasil, surgiu sob o símbolo da cruz. Nas primeiras décadas de 1500, havia poucos lugares que oferecessem tanta fartura, como a região habitada pelos índios tupiniquins, que a intitularam de Campos de Piratininga, que significa “peixes secos”. O ponto referencial das antigas povoações católicas era a igreja matriz, da qual se constituía a nova cidade. Inaugurada aos 25 de janeiro de 1954, por ocasião do IV Centenário da fundação da cidade de São Paulo, a Catedral da Sé, construída essencialmente em estilo gótico, é um símbolo histórico, religioso e social. Sua Arquitetura abriga as crenças de um povo, e sua praça é palco de manifestações populares. A verticalidade e a iluminação fornecida por seus vitrais coloridos, anseios típicos das estruturas góticas, buscam a atmosfera de elevação aos céus. Este estilo é somente quebrado pela presença de um elemento estrutural incomum em edificações com esta Arquitetura: uma cúpula renascentista. Em 1934, a Praça da Sé tornou-se o marco zero da cidade. Na década de 70, recebeu a estação do Metrô. Na Sé, monumentos, como a estátua do Padre Anchieta, estão presentes. É também ponto de encontro de desempregados. E...