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Desenvolvimento rural, biodiversidade e políticas públicas. Desafios e antagonismos, no Pontal do Paranapanema-SP; Rural Development,Biodiversity and Public Policy.Challengs and contradictions, in the Pontal do Parnapanema-SP

Santos, João Dagoberto dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/12/2011 PT
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O entendimento atual sobre os diversos significados do termo e do conceito de sustentabilidade talvez seja um dos debates mais calorosos na sociedade contemporânea, tendo em vista que simplesmente discutir o que vem a ser sustentável requer um mínimo de revisões de princípios, práticas e crenças, pode ser trabalhoso e pode contrariar interesses imediatos, gerando disputas e conflitos. A sociedade evolui de maneira geral na constatação e percepção de que, se forem mantidos os atuais padrões de consumo e de replicação cultural e social, os recursos naturais, dos quais depende diretamente a viabilidade de nosso modo de vida, não serão mais capazes de suprir nossas demandas. Os pressupostos dessa relação insumo versus consumo, principalmente embasados por diversas teorias econômicas, cada dia mais se mostram insuficientes para encontrar equações que apontem soluções de equilíbrio e continuidade dentro do atual ritmo de crescimento e de desenvolvimento das sociedades contemporâneas. A busca por um ponto de estabilidade ou o que se denominou de sustentabilidade passou a incorporar praticamente todas as ações e setores da sociedade e, em especial, no que se refere ao meio rural. Nas últimas décadas, as políticas e dinâmicas relacionadas ao meio rural sofreram grandes transformações. Tanto a academia como a sociedade em geral passaram a enxergar e estudar o campo com novas significações e atribuições...

Desenvolvimento rural sustentável e as condições de vida dos agricultores familiares na Zona da Mata mineira: os casos comparados de Tombos e Araponga; Sustainable rural development and the conditions of life of family farmers in the Zona da Mata mineira: cases compared to Tombos and Araponga

Oliveira, Brasilina Elisete Reis de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Ambientais (PRPG); Pró-Reitoria de Pós-graduação (PRPG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Ambientais (PRPG); Pró-Reitoria de Pós-graduação (PRPG)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
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This work presents the results of a study on the potential for rural development and the livelihoods of family farmers in Tombos and Araponga cities, both located in the Forest Zone of Minas Gerais – Brazil. For that, two synthetic indicators were used: Rural Development Index - IDR and Living Conditions Index - ICV. These indicators are based on the works of Kageyama (2004 and 2008), Rambo et al. (2012) and Sepúlveda (2008). To calculate the IDR were collected secondary data from the Population Censuses (2000 and 2010), Census of Agriculture (2006) from the Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics – IBGE, Rural Development Planes and others studies concerned to both cities mentioned. And to determine the ICV were collected primary data applying questionnaires to the family farmers and interviews were done with institutions´ agents and public agencies. This study promotes a discussion about rural development in the course of time showing the new rurality that has been debated by many researchers, government agencies and rural class´ representatives. The essential of this debate is to understand the reality of rural population and construct collectively programs and public policies that provide subsidies for the promotion of rural development in the economic...

Mexico - Agriculture and Rural Development Public Expenditure Review

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
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This study examines agricultural and rural development (ARD) public expenditures in Mexico. The study is based on federal public expenditures. The study is structured in six parts as follows: the first part presents the Mexican ARD context in terms of policy and performance. The second part dissects the ARD public budget, classifying expenditure programs in various ways so as to provide an overview of the scope and composition of ARD spending. The third part analyses efficiency issues by means of international and state-level comparisons of agriculture public expenditures (APE) and agriculture performance indicators. The main focus of the assessment is on APE, but these are evaluated within the broader context of rural development policies, considering the degree of consistency and complementarily between the two sets of policies. The fourth part investigates equity issues emerging from ARD expenditures. Equity is evaluated at the level of geographic units (states and municipalities) and of individuals and households. In addition to assessing the equity impacts of the main rural programs...

Tracking Results in Agriculture and Rural Development in Less-Than-Ideal Conditions : A Sourcebook of Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluation

Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Fonte: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Publicador: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
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The purpose of this sourcebook is to pull together into a single document a collection of common sense tips and recommendations based on actual practices and experience around the world. The sourcebook aims first and foremost to help strengthen Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) capacity at the national and sub-national levels, and to ensure a consistency of approach and methodology so that, at the global level, sufficient reliable and timely information can be accessed from the different countries and used to make cross-country comparisons and to calculate development indicators at the global level. The sourcebook is specifically targeted towards countries where conditions are less-than-ideal, particularly with respect to the availability of relevant information. The sourcebook also shows how a service delivery approach can be used to select indicators which can generate useful, easy-to-measure early outcome measures. It suggests that greater use be made of qualitative indicators, such as access, use and satisfaction. The sourcebook devotes considerable attention to the need for a strong statistical infrastructure and reviews the range of different statistical instruments available.

Tracking Results in Agriculture and Rural Development in Less-Than-Ideal Conditions : A Sourcebook of Indicators for Monitoring and Evaluation

Global Donor Platform for Rural Development; World Bank; FAO Statistics Division
Fonte: Bonn: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development Publicador: Bonn: Global Donor Platform for Rural Development
EN_US
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96.08%
The purpose of this sourcebook is to pull together into a single document a collection of common sense tips and recommendations based on actual practices and experience around the world. The sourcebook aims first and foremost to help strengthen Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) capacity at the national and sub-national levels, and to ensure a consistency of approach and methodology so that, at the global level, sufficient reliable and timely information can be accessed from the different countries and used to make cross-country comparisons and to calculate development indicators at the global level. The sourcebook is specifically targeted towards countries where conditions are less-than-ideal, particularly with respect to the availability of relevant information. The sourcebook also shows how a service delivery approach can be used to select indicators which can generate useful, easy-to-measure early outcome measures. It suggests that greater use be made of qualitative indicators, such as access, use and satisfaction. The sourcebook devotes considerable attention to the need for a strong statistical infrastructure and reviews the range of different statistical instruments available.

Upper Egypt--Challenges and Priorities for Rural Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
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This sector report on Challenges and Priorities for Rural Development analyzes why Upper Egypt has lagged behind the rest of the country and to help the Government of Egypt and stakeholders to define a framework for interventions to promote broad-based economic growth and human development that will reach the poor and improve welfare in rural Upper Egypt. To achieve this objective, the strategic framework for intervention proposed here has two dimensions. The first is to foster broad-based economic growth based on agricultural development and off-farm activities. The second is to enhance access to basic infrastructure and services by promoting local level planning and civil society engagement.

Rural Development in Haiti

Coello, Barbara; Oseni, Gbemisola; Savrimootoo, Tanya; Weiss, Eli
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
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The objective of this report is to examine the linkages between rural economic activity, food insecurity and poverty in Haiti as a means of determining the barriers to rural development. The analysis draws on a newly available set of house-hold level living standards measurement data collected in 2012 (ECVMAS). About 70.7 percent of all rural households are poor, and education levels are low with an average of 2.8 years of education for the household head. Agriculture dominates economic activity (78 percent of all households are involved in agricultural activities), although almost 25 percent of the agricultural households supplement their agricultural income by engaging also in some type of nonfarm activity. Overall nonfarm activity participation (including households that engage in agricultural activities and households that do not) is reported at 46 percent. Nonfarm activities can be related to agriculture upstream (input supply) or downstream (value-adding and processing), or they can be unrelated to the sector (retailing). This report identifies the main factors of production that correlate with increased productivity in the agricultural sector and examines the determinants of nonfarm participation...

1976 revised guide to the Rural development act of 1972

United States -- Congress. -- Senate. -- Committee on Agriculture and Forestry. -- Subcommittee on Rural Development; United States
Fonte: Govt. Print. Off.; Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington ) Publicador: Govt. Print. Off.; Govt. Print. Off. ( Washington )
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: v, 116 p., 1 fold. leaf : ; 24 cm.
Publicado em //1976 ENGLISH
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At head of title: 94th Congress, 2d session. Committee print.; "Rural development act of 1972": p. 97-116.; Issued Mar. 25, 1976.; (Statement of Responsibility) prepared for the Subcommittee on Rural Development of the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, United States Senate.

Romania - Functional Review : Agriculture and Rural Development Administration

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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This report presents the outcomes of the functional review of Romania's agricultural administration. Given the sectoral and territorial relevance of its regulatory domain, Romania s Agricultural and Rural Development Administration is a key administrative body undergoing this Functional Review. The review will examine whether the policy goals and objectives of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADR) and its agencies are clearly defined in measurable and achievable terms; whether the management systems, policies, staffing, and internal organizational structure are appropriate to meet objectives; and whether and to what extent factors external to the institutions impede the ability to meet objectives fully. The review analyzes factors promoting and/or limiting the efficiency and effectiveness of the agricultural and rural policy delivery in Romania. It aims at providing practical recommendations on: enhanced strategic coordination of policies and programs in the agricultural and rural policy domain; improved management and implementation of CAP support measures...

Haiti : Diagnostic and Proposals for Agriculture and Rural Development Policies and Strategies

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Rural Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
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The overall objective of the present study is to contribute to the knowledge-base that is urgently required for the implementation of sustainable rural development activities in Haiti. The study concentrated on the following two objectives: update knowledge and produce a series of maps of regional physical socio-economic and institutional characteristics of the rural sector at a reasonable level of spatial disaggregation to improve targeting of future interventions; and test and build consensus around specific priority recommendations of the Interim Cooperation Framework with respect to the regional dimension of growth and poverty alleviation. The study follows a dual path of interest in both poverty alleviation as well as economic growth potential. It is widely recognized that in countries like Haiti with engrained and widespread inequality, it is often impossible to abate poverty through growth strategies exclusively. To be realistic, therefore, policy and investment responses to rural needs have to support households' intrinsic strategies for getting out of poverty.

Designing a Rural Development Strategy for Peru's Sierra

Werbrouck, Pierre
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
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Poverty and economic stagnation characterize most rural areas in Peru. National growth has been slow and uneven since the mid-1970s, benefiting urban areas rather than rural ones. Between 1985 and 2000, the number of poor people increased by 71 percent. The incidence of poverty (67 percent) and extreme poverty (40 percent) is highest in rural areas, reaching 73 percent (poverty) and 41 percent (extreme poverty) in the sierra. This means that 4.2 million rural people live with incomes 30 percent below the poverty line and 2.3 million people live in extreme poverty. Regional specific policies to fight poverty may be warranted, notably a strategy for rural development in the sierra aiming for more equitable economic growth and reduced poverty. This brief includes the following headlines: detailed analysis; recommendations; notes; lessons learned; about the author; and about 'en breve'.

Ethiopia - Agriculture and Rural Development : Public Expenditure Review for 1997-98 and 2005-06

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
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Agricultural and Rural Development (ARD) is a fundamental component of Ethiopia's economic growth and poverty reduction strategy. The agricultural development strategy under Agriculture Development Led Industrialization (ADLI) and Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Program (SDPRP) focused on enhancing the productive capacity of smallholder farmers, promoting crop diversification, shifting to a market based system, ensuring food security at the household level and strengthening emergency responses, building up the fragile livelihoods of pastoral communities, and increasing rural water supply coverage. The series of policies put in place in the 1990s included a more supportive macro-economic framework, liberalized markets for agricultural products, and an extension and credit-led push on seed and fertilizer. Following the drought of 2002/03, the government increased its focus on safety nets, and the 2006 Plan of Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (PASDEP) emphasizes rural-urban linkages and the promotion of rural non-farm enterprises...

Solomon Islands - Agriculture and Rural Development Strategy : Building Local Foundations for Rural Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Rural Development Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In May 2006, the Government of the Solomon Islands placed rural development at the top of its policy agenda. The Solomon Islands Government's May 2006 Policy Framework Document places emphasis on development through a bottom-up and holistic approach that encompasses the empowerment of the people through rural advancement strategies, the pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals, the revitalization of the economy, improved law and order, effective service delivery and the devolution of powers and functions and decision-making authority to the periphery. This document comprises 4 sections: Chapter I presents a review of the current rural development situation. Chapter II discusses growth prospects and opportunities in the short to medium term (2011 horizon) and medium to long term (2020 horizon). Chapter III presents the Agriculture and Rural Development Strategy (ARDS) recommendations as regards priority interventions in agriculture and rural development over the short, medium and long term. Chapter IV discusses ARDS implementation...

Reaching the Rural Poor : A Renewed Strategy for Rural Development

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
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"From Vision to Action", the Bank's previous rural development strategy launched in 1997, had a decisive influence on global thinking - but disappointing results on the ground. In 2001, lending for agricultural projects was the lowest in the Bank's history. The new strategy is results oriented: "Reaching the Rural Poor" stresses practice, implementation, monitoring, and empowerment of the people it is designed to help. This strategy responds to changes in: the global environment; in client countries; and, in the Bank, starting with the development of regional action plans, and extensive consultations at the regional level. It also reflects, and reinforces the Bank's commitment to the United Nations Millennium Development Goals to increase rural incomes, and broaden opportunities for rural people. The key features of this strategy are to: focus on the rural poor; foster broad-based economic growth; address rural areas comprehensively; forge alliances of all stakeholders; and, address the impact of global developments on client countries. In this capacity...

Scaling-Up the Impact of Good Practices in Rural Development : A Working Paper to Support Implementation of the World Bank’s Rural Development Strategy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Rural Development Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A key thrust in the implementation of the Bank's new rural development strategy is identifying and "scaling-up good practice investments and innovations in rural development." Historically, successful World Bank projects have been one-time investments without strategies for leveraging projects to a larger scale or to broader coverage to increase efficiency and developmental impact in a country or region. The Bank believes that scaling-up good practices must become an integral part of national rural development strategies to reduce rural poverty and support broad-based rural development. This working paper, written in support of the Bank's rural development strategy, is intended to contribute to the development of a framework for thinking about scaling-up. The paper begins with a review of the literature on scaling-up in rural development and other contexts to develop an understanding of basic concepts and terms. Drawing from the literature review and interviews, the authors develop a working definition of the term scaling-up and a provisional framework for analyzing experiences of scaling-up in rural development. Then...

Ethiopia - Agriculture and Rural Development Public Expenditure Review 1997/98–2005/06

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
Agricultural and Rural Development (ARD) is a fundamental component of Ethiopia's economic growth and poverty reduction strategy. The agricultural development strategy under Agriculture Development Led Industrialization (ADLI) and Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Program (SDPRP) focused on enhancing the productive capacity of smallholder farmers, promoting crop diversification, shifting to a market based system, ensuring food security at the household level and strengthening emergency responses, building up the fragile livelihoods of pastoral communities, and increasing rural water supply coverage. The series of policies put in place in the 1990s included a more supportive macro-economic framework, liberalized markets for agricultural products, and an extension and credit-led push on seed and fertilizer. Following the drought of 2002/03, the government increased its focus on safety nets, and the 2006 Plan of Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (PASDEP) emphasizes rural-urban linkages and the promotion of rural non-farm enterprises...

The Changing Face of Rural Space : Agriculture and Rural Development in the Western Balkans

Lampietti, Julian A.; Lugg, David G.; Van der Celen, Philip; Branczik, Amelia
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
This report brings together lessons from previous studies, supplemented by new analysis. It frames the challenges facing the rural and agri-food sector in the Western Balkans to illustrate the directions for policies, now and in the future. Part one looks at the characteristics of the rural and agri-food sector today, its potential and its obstacles. Part two looks at the future of the agri-food sector and rural space. Value chains will change with more competitive imports, with larger retailers influencing value chains, and with farmers and processors needing to respond to these trends by producing goods that meet quality and safety standards consistently and reliably. These changes will drive the modernization of agriculture, leading to an agri-food sector with fewer and more productive farms. Beyond the agri-food sector, effective rural development programs will be needed to ensure that agriculture's modernization is balanced and equitable. Local authorities and rural communities will have to be involved in developing and implementing territorial strategies for leveraging the non-farm potential of rural areas. Food safety standards will become more important as countries strive to meet private and public standards, and climate change will introduce uncertainty and compel farmers to adapt. Part three provides a roadmap to help governments create a strong and healthy rural and agri-food sector able to respond to these challenges. It looks first at the strategy that should drive public spending in agriculture and the composition of that spending. It then looks at how governments can best provide public services to agriculture...

Romania : Agriculture and Rural Development Rapid Assessment; Romania - Schimbari climatice si programul de dezvoltare ecologica cu emisii reduse de carbon : componenta B raport sectorial - evaluare rapida a agriculturii si dezvoltarii rurale

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Risk and Vulnerability Assessment
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
Climate change is a huge challenge for the agriculture and rural development (ARD) sector in Romania. On the one hand, agriculture is a source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and must therefore be expected to contribute towards the climate change mitigation goals of the Europe 2020 strategy. European farmers, foresters, rural businesses, and other local people therefore need to start paying much greater attention to climate change and the growing uncertainty that it will bring to their day-to-day lives and longer term strategies for production, management, investment, and community development. This report is one of six rapid sectoral analyses undertaken within the framework of component B of the World Bank's Romania climate change Reimbursable Advisory Service (RAS) Program. The title of component B is "identify and integrate climate actions into the 2014-2020 sector operational programs". The specific objective of this report is to contribute to the successful mainstreaming of climate action into Romania's post-2013 rural development policy - namely the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) co-financed National Rural Development Program (NRDP) for Romania 2014-2020. This report builds upon a number of working documents produced by the European commission on the theme of mainstreaming climate change in 2014-2020 rural development policy. The report contains 6 main sections: an introduction to the characteristics of the ARD sector in Romania.; an overview of the vulnerabilities and risks from climate change in the ARD sector in Romania...

O desenvolvimento territorial durável: uma nova abordagem sobre o desenvolvimento rural; Sustainable Territorial Development: a new Approach of Rural Development; Le développement territorial durable: une nouvelle approche de développement rural

Jean, Bruno
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/04/2015 FRA
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A discussão sobre as bases teóricas do conceito de desenvolvimento territorial sustentável será o objetivo principal do presente artigo. Será necessário, primeiramente, recuperar a evolução e a atualidade das hipóteses de base sobre o desenvolvimento territorial enunciadas por Philipe Aydalot há mais de um quarto de século. A partir desta revisão, proporemos uma reconfiguração deste modelo de desenvolvimento, com a noção de desenvolvimento territorial solidário, incluindo implicitamente a noção de sustentabilidade. Veremos, então, como este modelo, centrado sobre o desenvolvimento solidário, pode embasar uma nova perspectiva de desenvolvimento rural, qual seja, a de desenvolvimento rural sustentável, uma perspectiva necessária para viabilizar o desenvolvimento dos territórios rurais. A noção de desenvolvimento territorial sustentável pode ser enriquecida pela experiência histórica comparada do desenvolvimento dos territórios rurais do Norte e do Sul, já que o precário desenvolvimento regional afeta tanto uns como outros. Não seria demais afirmar que esta perspectiva resulta de uma tomada de consciência da necessidade de pensar sistemas rurais mais sustentáveis do que aqueles formados a partir da modernização dessas economias rurais.; The main purpose of this paper is to fix the theoretical foundations of territorial development as an approach to understand the rural development. It was Phhilippe Aydalot...

Two worlds, two languages: processes of social mediation and knowledge diversity in the construction of projects for rural development; Dos mundos, dos lenguajes: los procesos de mediación social y la diversidad de conocimientos en la construcción de proyectos para el desarrollo rural; Dois mundos, duas linguagens: os processos de mediação social e a diversidade de conhecimentos na construção de projetos para o desenvolvimento rural

Medeiros, Monique; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - Programa de Pós-graduação em Desenvolvimento Rural; Marques, Flávia Charão; Doutora em Desenvolvimento Rural, professora e pesquisadora do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Desenvolvimento
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Revisão de literatura; contribuição conceitual.; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/07/2012 POR
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In face of construction of rural development patterns, intentional projects, plans and programs are put into practice by certain social actors responsible for mediating between the local and technical-scientific knowledge. The formation of these actors has been organized linked to a reallocation of political and moral principles, which make the term mediation miss the allusion to dialectical social processes; it highlights mechanistic aspects instead. Thus, there are efforts in thinking about social change among farmers and about proposals for an alternative agriculture, less subordinated to the market and less dependent on technological packages. This requires changes in way of thinking of the researchers, development agencies and farmers. In light of a recent theoretical debate, this article presents some consistencies and inconsistencies identified in social mediation process involving farmers and technicians, showing the possibility of analyzing interface situations as a way to avoid simplifications in understanding the process.; Ante la construcción de estándares para el desarrollo rural, proyectos intencionales o planes y programas son puestos en marcha por ciertos actores sociales responsables por la mediación entre el conocimiento local y el conocimiento técnico-científico. La formación de esos actores ha sido organizada en gran parte vinculada a un reemplazamiento de principios políticos y morales...