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Environmental conditions and rodent infestation in Campo Limpo district, Sao Paulo municipality, Brazil

MASI, Eduardo de; Razzolini, Maria Tereza Pepe
Fonte: London Publicador: London
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
Rodents are involved in the transmission to human beings of several diseases, including liptospirosis, which shows high lethality rates in Sao Paulo municipality. Despite this, few studies have assessed the relationship existing between urban environmental conditions and building rodent infestation. With the purpose of clarifying this relationship, an analysis has been conducted in order to quantify the influence of environmental factors upon rodent infestation on a low-income district. Diagnosis of the environmental situation has been performed to evaluate the frequency according to which harborage, food and access sources occur, and a survey on infestation rates in 2175 dwellings in the area studied. The logistic regression analysis showed that among the environmental variables, the one that showed the closest association with rodent infestation was access; followed by harborage, and food. It was concluded that poor socioeconomic and environmental conditions in the area propitiate the occurrence of high rodent infestation rates

Wave expansion of CD(34+) progenitor cells in the spleen in rodent malaria

HERMIDA, Felipe Pessoa de Melo; VIEIRA, Daniel Perez; FERNANDES, Elaine Raniero; ANDRADE JR., Heitor Franco de
Fonte: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE Publicador: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
Defense against malaria depends upon amplification of the spleen structure and function for the clearance of parasitized red blood cells (pRBC). We studied the distribution and amount of CD(34+) cells in the spleens of mice infected with rodent malaria. We sought to identify these cells in the spleen and determine their relationship to infection. C57BL/6J mice were infected with self-resolving, Plasmodium chabaudi CR, or one of the lethal rodent malaria strains, P. chabaudi AJ and P. berghei ANKA. We then recorded parasitemia, mortality, and the presence of CD(34+) cells in spleen, as determined by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. In the non-lethal strain, the spleen structure was maintained during amplification, but disrupted in lethal models. The abundance of CD(34+) cells increased in the red pulp on the 4th and 6th days p.i. in all models, and subsided on the 8th day p.i. Faint CD(34+) staining on the 8th day p.i., was probably due to differentiation of committed cell lineages. In this work, increase of spleen CD(34+) cells did not correlate with infection control. (c) 2009 Published by Elsevier Inc.

Natural Host Relationships and Genetic Diversity of Rodent-Associated Hantaviruses in Southeastern Brazil

SOUSA, Ricardo Luiz Moro de; MORELI, Marcos Lazaro; BORGES, Alessandra Abel; CAMPOS, Gelse Mazzoni; LIVONESI, Marcia Cristina; FIGUEIREDO, Luiz Tadeu Moraes; PINTO, Aramis Augusto
Fonte: KARGER Publicador: KARGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
Objective: Hantaviruses are rodent-borne RNA viruses that have caused hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome in several Brazilian regions. In the present study, geographical distribution, seroprevalence, natural host range, and phylogenetic relations of rodent-associated hantaviruses collected from seven counties of Southeastern Brazil were evaluated. Methods: ELISA, RT-PCR and phylogenetic analysis were used in this study. Results: Antibodies to hantavirus were detected in Bolomys lasiurus, Akodon sp. and Oligoryzomys sp., performing an overall seroprevalence of 5.17%. All seropositive rodents were associated with grasslands or woods surrounded by sugar cane fields. Phylogenetic analysis of partial S- and M-segment sequences showed that viral sequences isolated from B. lasiurus specimens clustered with Araraquara virus. However, a sequence from Akodon sp. shared 100% similarity with Argentinian/Chilean viruses based on the partial S- segment amino acid sequence. Conclusion: These results indicate that there are associations between rodent reservoirs and hantaviruses in some regions of Southeastern Brazil, and suggest the existence of additional hantavirus genetic diversity and host ecology in these areas. Copyright (C) 2008 S. Karger AG...

Environmental conditions and rodent infestation in Campo Limpo district, Sao Paulo municipality, Brazil

MASI, Eduardo de; VILACA, Pedro; RAZZOLINI, Maria Tereza Pepe
Fonte: TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD Publicador: TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
Rodents are involved in the transmission to human beings of several diseases, including liptospirosis, which shows high lethality rates in Sao Paulo municipality. Despite this, few studies have assessed the relationship existing between urban environmental conditions and building rodent infestation. With the purpose of clarifying this relationship, an analysis has been conducted in order to quantify the influence of environmental factors upon rodent infestation on a low-income district. Diagnosis of the environmental situation has been performed to evaluate the frequency according to which harborage, food and access sources occur, and a survey on infestation rates in 2175 dwellings in the area studied. The logistic regression analysis showed that among the environmental variables, the one that showed the closest association with rodent infestation was access; followed by harborage, and food. It was concluded that poor socioeconomic and environmental conditions in the area propitiate the occurrence of high rodent infestation rates.

Circadian Pattern of Wheel-Running Activity of a South American Subterranean Rodent (Ctenomys cf knightii)

VALENTINUZZI, Veronica Sandra; ODA, Gisele Akemi; ARAUJO, John Fontenele; RALPH, Martin Roland
Fonte: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC Publicador: TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Circadian rhythms are regarded as essentially ubiquitous features of animal behavior and are thought to confer important adaptive advantages. However, although circadian systems of rodents have been among the most extensively studied, most comparative biology is restricted to a few related species. In this study, the circadian organization of locomotor activity was studied in the subterranean, solitary north Argentinean rodent, Ctenomys knightii. The genus, Ctenomys, commonly known as Tuco-tucos, comprises more than 50 known species over a range that extends from 12S latitude into Patagonia, and includes at least one social species. The genus, therefore, is ideal for comparative and ecological studies of circadian rhythms. Ctenomys knightii is the first of these to be studied for its circadian behavior. All animals were wild caught but adapted quickly to laboratory conditions, with clear and precise activity-rest rhythms in a light-dark (LD) cycle and strongly nocturnal wheel running behavior. In constant dark (DD), the rhythm expression persisted with free-running periods always longer than 24h. Upon reinstatement of the LD cycle, rhythms resynchronized rapidly with large phase advances in 7/8 animals. In constant light (LL), six animals had free-running periods shorter than in DD...

Células progenitoras CD34+ durante a ampliação esplênica na malária experimental de roedores.; CD34+ progenitor cells during spleen amplification in experimental rodent malaria.

Hermida, Felipe Pessoa de Melo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/09/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
A malária é uma infecção causada por plasmódios, cujo controle depende do baço, o responsável pelo clareamento dos eritrócitos parasitos. O aumento da parasitemia induz uma ampliação do baço para resolver a infecção, onde participam células precursoras que apresentam CCD34+ na sua superfície. Estudamos a distribuição e a quantidade de células CD34+ em baços de roedores durante malárias de roedores, para compreender sua participação na ampliação do baço e no controle da infecção. Camundongos C57Bl/6j infectados com as cepas AJ e CR de Plasmodium chabaudi, e com a cepa ANKA de Plasmodium berghei, tiveram seus baços removidos e encaminhados para histologia e citometria de fluxo. A distribuição das células CD34+ mostrou-se mais intensa no 4º dia p.i. e menos intensa no 8º dia p.i.. As células CD34+ livres, por citometria de fluxo, surgem com uma onda no 4º dia p.i.. Sua quantidade é similar entre os modelos de P. chabaudi, mas diferente no P. berghei. Neste trabalho, o influxo de células CD34+ no baço não se relaciona com o controle da infecção.; Malaria is caused by Plasmodium sp., which control depends on the spleen, responsible for parasite clearing. The increase of parasitemia implies in spleen amplification to control the infection...

Natural Host Relationships and Genetic Diversity of Rodent-Associated Hantaviruses in Southeastern Brazil

Moro de Sousa, Ricardo Luiz; Moreli, Marcos Lazaro; Borges, Alessandra Abel; Campos, Gelse Mazzoni; Livonesi, Marcia Cristina; Moraes Figueiredo, Luiz Tadeu; Pinto, Aramis Augusto
Fonte: Karger Publicador: Karger
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 299-310
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 98/16497-0; Processo FAPESP: 00/12638-0; Processo FAPESP: 01/01044-4; Objective: Hantaviruses are rodent-borne RNA viruses that have caused hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome in several Brazilian regions. In the present study, geographical distribution, seroprevalence, natural host range, and phylogenetic relations of rodent-associated hantaviruses collected from seven counties of Southeastern Brazil were evaluated. Methods: ELISA, RT-PCR and phylogenetic analysis were used in this study. Results: Antibodies to hantavirus were detected in Bolomys lasiurus, Akodon sp. and Oligoryzomys sp., performing an overall seroprevalence of 5.17%. All seropositive rodents were associated with grasslands or woods surrounded by sugar cane fields. Phylogenetic analysis of partial S- and M-segment sequences showed that viral sequences isolated from B. lasiurus specimens clustered with Araraquara virus. However, a sequence from Akodon sp. shared 100% similarity with Argentinian/Chilean viruses based on the partial S- segment amino acid sequence. Conclusion: These results indicate that there are associations between rodent reservoirs and hantaviruses in some regions of Southeastern Brazil...

Regulation of breathing and body temperature of a burrowing rodent during hypoxic-hypercapnia

Barros, RCH; Abe, Augusto Shinya; Carnio, E. C.; Branco, LGS
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 97-104
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
Burrowing mammals usually have low respiratory sensitivity to hypoxia and hypercapnia. However, the interaction between ventilation (V), metabolism and body temperature (Tb) during hypoxic-hypercapnia has never been addressed. We tested the hypothesis that Clyomys bishopi, a burrowing rodent of the Brazilian cerrado, shows a small ventilatory response to hypoxic-hypercapnia, accompanied by a marked drop in Tb and metabolism. V, Tb and O-2 consumption (VO2) of C. bishopi were measured during exposure to air, hypoxia (10% and 7% O-2), hypercapnia (3% and 5% CO2) and hypoxic-hypercapnia (10% O-2 + 3% CO2). Hypoxia of 7% but not 10%, caused a significant increase in V, and a significant drop in Tb. Both hypoxic levels decreased VO2 and 7% O-2 significantly increased V/VO2. Hypercapnia of 5%, but not 3%, elicited a significant increase in V, although no significant change in Tb, VO2 or V/VO2 was detected. A combination of 10% O-2 and 3% CO2 had minor effects on V and Tb, while VO2 decreased and V/VO2 tended to increase. We conclude that C. bishopi has a low sensitivity not only to hypoxia and hypercapnia, but also to hypoxic-hypercapnia, manifested by a biphasic ventilatory response, a drop in metabolism and a tendency to increase V/VO2. The effect of hypoxic-hypercapnia was the summation of the hypoxia and hypercapnia effects...

Thermoregulation by an Australian murine rodent, the ash-grey mouse (Pseudomys albocinereus)

Barker, Justine M.; Cooper, Christine E.; Withers, Philip C.; Cruz-Neto, Ariovaldo P.
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 336-342
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 07/02837-4; We examine here the thermal physiology of the ash-grey mouse, as there is a paucity of data to explain how Australian rodents meet thermoregulatory demands. Most ash-grey mice remained normothermic over a range of ambient temperatures (10 degrees C to 30 degrees C), although they became hyperthermic at high ambient temperatures. One individual entered torpor at ambient temperatures of 20 degrees C and 25 degrees C, with minimal body temperatures of 24.5 degrees C and 28.4 degrees C respectively, before spontaneously arousing. This is the first evidence of torpor use by an Australian murine rodent. Our data suggest that although ash-grey mice have the physiological ability to use torpor, it is used rarely, presumably due to other behavioural and physiological adaptations. Their higher-than-expected basal metabolic rate (1.56 +/- 0.25 mL O-2 g(-1) h(-1)) indicates that ash-grey mice do not have a frugal approach to energy expenditure. Other standard physiological variables were typical of a generalised rodent. A readily-available omnivorous diet, nocturnal activity, semi-fossorial habit and social behaviour presumably allow a high energy lifestyle. A reluctance to use torpor...

Trypanosoma rangeli (Tejera, 1920) isolated from a sylvatic rodent (Echimys dasythrix) in Santa Catarina island, Santa Catarina state: first report of this trypanosome in southern Brazil

Steindel,M.; Pinto,J. C. Carvalho; Toma,H. K.; Mangia,R. H. R.; Ribeiro-Rodrigues,R.; Romanha,A. J.
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/1991 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
A trypanosome strain isolated from a sylvatic rodent (Echimys dasythrix) from Santa Catarina Island (Santa Catarina State, Brazil) was characterized by the following methods: experimental transmission and development in invertebrate hosts, morphometry, cross protection, complement sensitivity, lectin agglutination and isoenzyme profiles. Comparasions were made with standard Trypanosoma cruzi and T. rangeli strains. All methods except isoenzyne analysis led to the identification of the isolate as T. rangeli. The isoenzyme differences found could be explained on the basis of polymorphism. Therefore this is the first report of T. rangeli in southern Brazil, increasing the geographical distribution of this parasite.

Description of Trichuris travassosi n. sp. (Nematoda:Trichurinae) from a brasilian rodent, by light and scanning electron microscopy

Gomes,Delir Corrêa; Lanfredti,Reinalda Marisa; Pinto,Roberto Magalhães; Souza,Wanderley de
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1992 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
A new species of a trichurid nematode Trichuris travassosi n. sp., recovered from a wild rodent in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, is described and compared to T. myocastoris (Enigk, 1933) and their differentiation was on the basis of detailed morphometrical study. Oryzomys nigripes (Olfers, 1818) is a new host record for the genus. The denomination spicular prepuce is proposed to designate the structure previously named spicular sheath and, conversely, spicular sheath to indicate the cuticle that convers the spicule.

Laurostrongylus hoineffae n. gen., n. sp., a relict trichostrongylid from an endemic madagascan rodent

Durette-Desset,Marie-Claude; Chabaud,Alain G.
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1992 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
A new nematode, the type of a new genus and a new species Laurostrongylus hoineffae, parasitic in the cricetid rodent Gymnuromys roberti in Madagascar, is described. The species belongs to the Graphiidinae subfamily of Trichostrongylidae but some features point to its affinity to certain Libyostrongylinae, especially to two monospecific genera endemic in Madagascar Pararhabdonema and Cnizostrongylus. This ensemble of relict species seems thus to support the concept of a common ancestor for the Libyostrongylinae and Graphidiinae. The two subfamilies were supposed to originate in the Ethipian region. The presence of the three generain Madagascar could either indicate their Madagascan origin or, more likely, a continental origin with an insular niche allowing the preservation of the species.

Amphimerus bragai N. Sp. (Digenea: Opisthorchiidae), a Parasite of the Rodent Nectomys squamipes (Cricetidae) from Minas Gerais, Brazil

Moraes Neto,Antonio HA de; Thatcher,Vernon E; Lanfredi,Reinalda M
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/1998 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
Amphimerus bragai n.sp. (Digenea, Opisthorchiidae) from the bile ducts of a rodent from the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil, Nectomys squamipes (Cricetidae), is described. The new species was studied by both light and scanning electron microscopy. A table is presented comparing the measurements of the new species with those of A. lancea (Diesing, 1850) and A. vallecaucensis Thatcher, 1970, parasites of dolphins and marsupials, respectively. The new species is similar in size and body form to A. vallecaucensis from which it differs in having a vitellarium that extends to the acetabulum while that of the former species are limited to the posterior one-third of the body. Additionally, the new species is from a rodent.

A palaeoparasitological analysis of rodent coprolites from the Cueva Huenul 1 archaeological site in Patagonia (Argentina)

Beltrame,María Ornela; Sardella,Norma Haydée; Fugassa,Martín Horacio; Barberena,Ramiro
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
The aim of the present study was to examine the parasite fauna present in rodent coprolites collected from Cueva Huenul 1 (CH1), northern Neuquén (Patagonia, Argentina), an archaeological site that provides stratified sequences of archaeological and palaeontological remains dating from the Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene Transition to the Late Holocene period. Twenty rodent coprolites collected from different sedimentary units from the site, with ages ranging from 13.844 ± 75-1.416 ± 37 years BP, were examined for parasites. Each coprolite was processed as a whole: rehydrated, homogenised, spontaneously sedimented and examined using light microscopy. The coprolites and the eggs of any parasites present were described, measured and photographed. In all, 158 parasite eggs were found in 10 coprolites. The faeces were positive for Viscachataenia quadrata Denegri, Dopchiz, Elissondo & Beveridge and Monoecocestus sp. Beddard (Cestoda: Anoplocephalidae) and for Heteroxynema (Cavioxyura) viscaciae Sutton & Hugot (Nematoda: Oxyuridae). The coprolites examined were tentatively attributed to Lagidium viscacia Molina (Mammalia, Rodentia, Caviomorpha, Chinchillidae). The life cycles of these parasites are discussed.

Use of space by the Neotropical caviomorph rodent Thrichomys apereoides (Rodentia: Echimyidae)

Almeida,Alex José de; Freitas,Melina Maciel F.; Talamoni,Sônia A.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
The objective of this study was to investigate some parameters of the space use by individuals in a population of the hystricognath rodent Thrichomys apereoides (Lund, 1839), using the spool-and-line tracking technique. This technique is useful for investigating characteristics of habitat use by individuals since it allows the mapping of the places where the individuals move. We evaluated three parameters of space use by 34 individuals of T. apereoides: 1) The daily home range (DHR) or the area used by individuals in their daily activities, 2) the distance moved on the leaf litter, and 3) the distance moved above ground using twigs, logs and rocks. The analysis of space use on such a small scale allows a better understanding of how individuals perceive and use the available space. The significant effect of age on DHR and the effect of the sex on the movements above ground were observed. Adult males had larger DHRs than adult females and subadults, and adult females showed the lowest displacement above ground. A statistically significant effect of the sex and seasonal period and the interaction between them was also observed on the size of DHRs of adults. During the dry season, females had lower DHRs than males and both females and males moved less on leaf litter in this season. There was no seasonal effect on the movement of males and females above ground...

The socio-ecology of two species of Australian native rodent - Notomys mitchelli and Notomys alexis.

Bradley, Clare Eileen
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
Past research suggests that social organisation in Australian rodent species is determined by the predictability of resources in the environment (Happold 1976a). Notomys alexis (the spinifex hopping mouse or tarrkawarra) is widely distributed throughout the Australian arid-zone (Breed 1998a; Watts & Aslin 1981). Large groups of animals have been found sharing burrows in the wild and laboratory observations suggest that the species is highly social (Happold 1976a; Stanley 1971). A closely related species, Notomys mitchelli (Mitchell’s hopping mouse or pankot) is relatively common throughout the southern semi-arid zone (Watts 1998a; Watts & Aslin 1981). Much less is known about N. mitchelli; field studies have been subject to low recapture rates and few laboratory studies have involved this species (Baverstock 1979; Cockburn 1981a; Crichton 1974). Following Happold (1976a), it was hypothesised that the socio-ecology of N. mitchelli will be qualitatively different to that of N. alexis. Studying wild populations of Notomys mitchelli in the Middleback Ranges, South Australia and N. alexis outside the desert township of Roxby Downs, S.A., this research aimed to describe the socio-ecology of these species, with reference to the predictability of their environments. Uniquely...

Population ecology of the endemic rodent Nesoryzomys swarthi in the tropical desert of the Galápagos Islands; Population ecology of the endemic rodent Nesoryzomys swarthi in the tropical desert of the Galapagos Islands

Harris, D.; Macdonald, D.
Fonte: American Society of Mammalogists Publicador: American Society of Mammalogists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.59%
Ancestrally continental forest species of the tribe Oryzomyini, the endemic cricetid rodents of the Galápagos, have had to adapt to the harsh tropical desert of the Islands. Following the recent rediscovery of the Santiago nesoryzomys (Nesoryzomys swarthi) endemic to Isla Santiago, Galápagos, we conducted the 1st autecological study of this species. Our 3-year study revealed mean annual survival of 23.2% and maximum survival of 812 days. Reproductive activity was restricted to the wet season with a stable annual proportion of breeding females and a consistent peak in pregnancy in April. The likelihood of postpartum breeding increased with rainfall when 2 litters were produced. The growth and development of juveniles was slow and they did not reproduce in their natal year. Positive correlations between rainfall and mean adult body weight and between vegetation density (particularly prickly pear cactus [Opuntia galapageia]) and population levels supported a hypothesis of food limitation. Comparisons with the Galápagos oryzomys (Oryzomys bauri), endemic to Isla Santa Fe, and a review of continental members of the tribe Oryzomyini suggest that the ephemeral, unpredictable environment of the Galápagos arid zone has selected for a strategy of relatively high survival and low reproduction in N. swarthi and O. bauri that is more typically found among the desert Heteromyidae than other members of the Oryzomyini. We also present data on sex ratio...

Island prioritization for invasive rodent eradications with an emphasis on reinvasion risk

Harris, Donna; Gregory, Stephen David; Bull, L. S.; Courchamp, Franck
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
Invasive rodents occur on over 80% of the world’s island groups, invasions are continuing, and rodent impacts on insular wildlife have been well demonstrated. The extent of this problem calls for tools to aid large-scale prioritisation among the many candidate eradication operations. As conservation funds are limited, biologists have responded with prioritisation systems based on financial cost-effectiveness. Instead, we claim that long-term conservation gain should be the primary focus when prioritising islands for invasive rodent eradication. This concept is embodied mainly by invasive rodent reinvasion risk, which we categorise as natural or anthropogenic, based on the mechanism of reinvasion and our ability to mitigate the risk. The result is a first-pass triage system that prioritises eradication programmes by their long-term conservation potential, not their immediate value for money. To construct a prioritization list, we group islands into units for simultaneous eradication, to minimize inter-island reinvasion risk, and then assign weights to levels of unit reinvasion risk and unit conservation value. The choice of parameter weights may depend on capacity for biosecurity action (i.e. reduction in reinvasion risk) and a choice of tertiary filter variables can further discriminate within priority ranks. We illustrate our prioritization framework with a case study on rodents in New Caledonia but explain how our system can be adapted to suit any invasive rodent species or island configuration.; D. B. Harris...

Organisation and tyrosine hydroxylase and calretinin immunoreactivity in the main olfactory bulb of paca (cuniculus paca): a large caviomorph rodent

Castro Sasahara, Tais Harumi de; Leal, Leonardo Martins; Spillantini, Maria Grazia; Fernandes Machado, Marcia Rita
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 740-746
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 2012/07790-4; Processo FAPESP: 2012/16590-9; The majority of neuroanatomical and chemical studies of the olfactory bulb have been performed in small rodents, such as rats and mice. Thus, this study aimed to describe the organisation and the chemical neuroanatomy of the main olfactory bulb (MOB) in paca, a large rodent belonging to the Hystricomorpha suborder and Caviomorpha infraorder. For this purpose, histological and immunohistochemical procedures were used to characterise the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and calretinin (CR) neuronal populations and their distribution. The paca MOB has eight layers: the olfactory nerve layer (ONL), the glomerular layer (GL), the external plexiform layer (EPL; subdivided into the inner and outer sublayers), the mitral cell layer (MCL), the internal plexiform layer (IPL), the granule cell layer (GCL), the periventricular layer and the ependymal layer. TH-ir neurons were found mostly in the GL, and moderate numbers of TH-ir neurons were scattered in the EPL. Numerous varicose fibres were distributed in the IPL and in the GCL. CR-ir neurons concentrated in the GL, around the base of the olfactory glomeruli. Most of the CR-ir neurons were located in the MCL...

Efectos de cambios en el uso de la tierra sobre ensambles de roedores en agroecosistemas pampeanos; Effects of land use changes on rodent communities in pampean agroecosystems

Fraschina, Jimena
Fonte: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires Publicador: Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Universidad de Buenos Aires
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; tesis doctoral; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2011 SPA
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El objetivo general de esta tesis fue analizar el efecto del uso de la tierra y de variables climáticas sobre las comunidades de roedores en un agroecosistema pampeano a distintas escalas temporales y espaciales. Para ello se realizaron muestreos estacionales de roedores durante 2006-2008 en los distintos ambientes presentes en el área de estudio y se analizaron datos de abundancia de roedores y de variables climáticas desde 1984 hasta 2008. También se compararon las abundancias de roedores y características de la vegetación entre los periodos anterior y posterior a la expansión de la soja. Las fluctuaciones en las abundancias de roedores estuvieron relacionadas con la precipitación, pero la tendencia a la disminución observada en .Calomys laucha y Calomys musculinus fue mejor explicada por cambios en el uso de la tierra que por las variables climáticas. Excepto las granjas avícolas, que serían las principales responsables del mantenimiento de M. musculus en el área, el resto de los ambientes estudiados presentaron composición similar de especies, aunque con abundancia variable. Los terraplenes de vía, los arroyos y los bordes de pastizal y cultivo, jugarían un papel importante en el mantenimiento de O. flavescens y O. rufus...