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How a Road Agency Can Transform Force Account Road Maintenance to Contracting

Andreski, Adam; Seth, Subhash; Walker, Wendy
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.8%
Recent international trends in the reform of road management, point to the need to transform force account road maintenance services. With Force Account, funding tends to be erratic; management of equipment and its support facilities inadequate, planning, supervision and execution require high standards of staffing, quality control may be poor; and reporting systems weak. Contracted works have the advantages that payment of work is done to specification, rates are known making budgeting and planning easier, risk is transferred from the Public Sector to the Private Sector, and the profit motive tends to promote efficiency and reduce unnecessary waste. An International Labour Organization study in Cambodia found that contracted road maintenance is 24 percent cheaper than force account and Talvitie found contracting out gave 5-15 percent in efficiency gains. Many countries have already gone through this process and every country has a different experience. This paper brings a systematic approach with a focus on situation analysis...

Sources of Operating Costs

Mackie, Peter; Nellthorp, John; Laird, James
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.75%
Historically, road vehicle operating costs have tended to dominate highway economic appraisals in developing countries, due to the poor road surfaces that can occur there. The operating costs of railways and ports are also substantial, and form key components of cost benefit analyses of their associated infrastructure. The definition of operating costs for Bank projects is therefore important in obtaining a reliable economic appraisal. In this Note, Section 1 introduces the key issues associated with operating costs, whilst the following sections discuss the components and sources of operating costs by mode. Road vehicle operating costs are presented in Section 2, railway operating costs in Section 3, and port operating costs in Section 4.

Romania - Functional Review : Transport Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
This report describes the results of the Functional Review of the transport sector in Romania. During its early transition years, Romania implemented radical structural reforms in the institutions of the transport sector, but over the last decade there has been concern that these changes have not led to tangible improvements in transport policy administration nor in the efficiency and effectiveness of the main delivery institutions in the railway and road sectors. The Review has tried to discern the main reasons for these shortcomings and to identify remedial actions. It focuses on three main challenges: the administration of the transport sector as a whole; the corporate governance of state-owned road and railway companies; and the priorities for the companies themselves. Attention is also given to budgeting issues and opportunities for greater private sector participation.

Quantitative Analysis of Road Transport Agreements (QuARTA)

Kunaka, Charles; Tanase, Virginia; Latrille, Pierre; Krausz, Peter
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
Road freight transport is indispensable to international economic cooperation and foreign trade. Across all continents, it is commonly used for short and medium distances and in long distance haulage when minimizing time is important. In all instances governments play a critical role in ensuring the competitive advantage of private sector operators. Countries often have many opportunities to minimize the physical or administrative barriers that increase costs, take measures to enhance the attractiveness and competitiveness of road transport, or generally nurture the integral role of international road freight transport in the global trade logistics industry. Road freight transport is critical to domestic and international trade. It is the dominant mode of transport for overland movement of trade traffic, carrying more than 80 percent of traffic in most regions. Generally, nearly all trade traffic is carried by road at some point. Therefore, the cost and quality of road transport services is of critical importance to trade competitiveness of countries and regions within countries. In fact...

Trucks Under Siege : The Costs of Crime and Insecurity to the Transport Industry in Papua New Guinea

Lakhani, Sadaf
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.35%
The Highlands Highway is a lifeline for the economy of Papua New Guinea. The transport and haulage industry is seriously affected by infrastructure and law and order constraints, but it has also found innovative ways to manage risks. This case study examines two locally owned, medium-sized haulage companies about the challenges they face. Their stories provide a fascinating look into what it takes to run a haulage firm in Papua New Guinea, and the day-to-day risks faced by managers, drivers, and other staff. The challenges include: generally poor road conditions suffering from insufficient investment, poor construction, and corrupt practices; claims for compensation from the many villages and landowner groups located along the Highlands Highway; and a buoyant black market in stolen fuel. The companies utilize a number of risk management techniques, including: constant electronic monitoring; high-tech equipment such as GPS mapping systems and truck modifications; employment of public relations or road liaison officers; high-cost insurance policies; paying the underfunded police to ensure its public service; workplace monitoring systems and procedures; investment in human resources and training; generous salaries for truck drivers; private security escorts; safe commuter transportation for local staff; specific measures to ensure safety of female staff; and reliance on international staff at senior levels. These measures incur increased business costs which are then passed onto consumers. As a result...

Rethinking Infrastructure Delivery: Case Study of a Green, Inclusive, and Cost-effective Road Program in Nicaragua

Muzira, Stephen; Hernandez de Diaz, Damaris
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
This paper presents a development case study on alternative thinking in rural infrastructure delivery. Delivery in this case is achieved in a manner that advances the green growth, social inclusion and cost-effectiveness agendas. The need for green and inclusive approaches in reaching development goals cannot be overstated. At the same time, the use of public funds should ensure value for money and stretch government resources as far as they can go. Inclusion refers to the empowerment of all citizens to participate in, and benefit from the development process, removing barriers against those who are often excluded. The use of a community development approach is presented in this paper to demonstrate how this has been achieved on large scale and in a cost-effective way without compromising quality or timing. Heightened roles and responsibilities are conferred to the local target authorities and populations in this infrastructure delivery approach, and this experience is presented as a best practice that could be emulated in similar development work. On the technical front...

Social and Economic Impacts of Rural Road Improvements in the State of Tocantins, Brazil

Iimi, Atsushi; Lancelot, Eric R.; Manelici, Isabela; Ogita, Satoshi
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.79%
The aim of this paper is to provide feedback on the question of socioeconomic benefits from rural road development and the impact of transport infrastructure on the poor, particularly the poorest and the bottom 20 percent of the population. This paper relies on impact evaluation methodologies, which are traditionally used in social sectors but less so in the transport sector. The study, including first surveys, was launched in 2003 under the Tocantins Sustainable Regional Development Project. The paper highlights the context that led to the project’s design, which included an impact evaluation of the works envisaged under the project. The paper also highlights some of the main challenges faced by this impact evaluation and how these challenges were addressed for the present study. It then provides details about the data collected during the surveys and the key relevant characteristics of the population targeted by the surveys. It discusses the possible estimation methods envisioned to undertake the study and provides the main results of the assessment based on these methods. The analysis shows that improved rural roads changed people’s transport modal choice. People used more public buses and individual motorized vehicles after the rural road improvements. The paper also finds that the project increased school attendance...

Evaluating the Social and Economic Impacts of Rural Road Improvements in the State of Tocantins, Brazil

Iimi, Atsushi; Lancelot, Eric; Manelici, Isabela; Ogita, Satoshi
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.8%
The aim of this paper is to provide feedback on the question of socioeconomic benefits from rural road development and the impact of transport infrastructure on the poor, particularly the poorest and the bottom 40 percent of the population. This study relies on impact evaluation methodologies, which are traditionally used in social sectors but less so in the transport sector. These methodologies were launched in 2003 under the Tocantins sustainable regional development project. This paper highlights the context that led to the project’s design, which included an impact evaluation of the works envisaged under the project. It also highlights some of the main challenges faced by this impact evaluation and how these challenges were addressed for the present study. It then provides details about the data collected during the surveys and the key relevant characteristics of the population targeted by the surveys. It discusses the possible estimation methods envisioned to undertake the study and provides the main results of the assessment based on these methods. The analysis shows that improved rural roads changed people’s transport modal choice. People came to use more public buses and individual motorized vehicles after the rural road improvements. The paper also finds that the project increased school attendance...

Market-Making Policy in Europe: Its Impact on Member State Policies. the Case of Road Haulage in Britain, the Netherlands, Germany and Italy

HERITIER, Adrienne
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.76%
How do European policies affect national policy-making patterns and problem-solving capacity, and to what extent do national policy-makers seek to influence European politics? In particular, what impact does European road haulage policy have on national policy within the context of the Single Market Programme (SMP)? How can the domestic policy response of four member states - Britain, the Netherlands, Germany and Italy - be explained with respect to the national policy background, problem-solving approach, policy instruments, and patterns of interest intermediation? While the policy responses of Britain and the Netherlands reveal congruence and confirmation, those of Germany and Italy indicate respectively change and resistance.

The Importance of Small Differences: European integration and road haulage associations in Germany and the Netherlands

LEHMKUHL, Dirk
Fonte: Amsterdam, Thela Thesis Publicador: Amsterdam, Thela Thesis
Tipo: Livro
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.6%
(Published version of EUI PhD thesis, 1998.); --1 INTRODUCTION: OUTLINE AND MAJOR FINDINGS 1 --2 THE IMPACT OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION ON NATIONAL SYSTEMS OF INTEREST INTERMEDIATION 11 --2.1 General Considerations About State-Society Relations 14 --2.2 European Integration and the Organisation of Interests 18 --2.3 The Analytical Framework: The Adjustment of Structures and Strategies 22 --3 TRANSPORT POLICY IN EUROPE: THE LEGAL-INSTITUTIONAL AND ECONOMIC DIMENSIONS 35 --3.1 European Transport Policy: Legal, Institutional and Political Developments 36 --3.1.1 Legal Framework 37 --3.1.2 Institutional Framewoik 38 --3.1.3 European Transport Policy-Making 41 --3.1.4 The Common European Transport Policy: Its Making and Its Impact on the Member States 49 --3.2 The General Economic Environment 54 --3.2.1 The Transport Demand Side 55 --3.2.2 The Transport Supply Side 64 --3.3 Conclusion: The Impact of Political And Economic Integration on the Domestic Level 75 --4 GERMANY: CORPORATIST IMMOBILITY 79 --Introduction 79 --4.1 General Description: Considerable Potential for Collective Action 80 --4.2 Institutional Framework of the Transport Sector 84 --4.2.1 The Institutional and Regulatory Framework 85- --4.2.2 The Structure of the Transport Sector 90 --4.3 The Structure of State-Industry Relations in Road Transport 96 --4.3.2 Synopsis: The Organisation of Interests in German Road Transport 110 --4.3.3 Institutionalised Forms of Interaction 116 --4...

Inclusive Green Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean; Crecimiento verde inclusivo en America Latina y el Caribe Crescimento inclusivo verde na America Latina e no Caribe

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.02%
Argentina has expanded the use of its portion of the Parana-Paraguay waterways system for the transportation of soy and other bulk commodities through an innovative tolling system that self-finances the dredging and maintenance of the rivers. Brazil, in turn, is pursuing a 'green trucking' strategy to improve efficiency of its cargo haulage industry, reduce petroleum usage, and curb pollution from trucking. For the entire hemisphere, the expansion of the Panama Canal will bring post-Panama vessels and introduce greater scale economies in shipping. The following sections of this paper provide a more detailed review of the sectoral objectives, challenges, and way forward in making Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) growth greener and more inclusive. It looks back over the achievements of the demand sectors of urban development and infrastructure services, energy, urban transport, and water and sanitation, as well as natural resources and rural development since Rio 1992. It highlights the achievements in those areas...

The Democratic Republic of Congo’s Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

Foster, Vivien; Benitez, Daniel Alberto
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.75%
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) faces possibly the most daunting infrastructure challenge on the African continent. Conflict has seriously damaged most infrastructure networks. Vast geography, low population density, extensive forestlands, and criss-crossing rivers complicate the development of new networks. Progress has been made since the return of peace in 2003. A privately funded GSM network now provides mobile telephone signals to two-thirds of the population. External funding has been secured to rebuild the country's road network, and domestic air traffic has grown. Modest investments could harness inland waterways for low-cost transport. Much more substantial investments in hydropower would enable the DRC to meet its own energy demands cheaply while exporting vast quantities of power. One of the country's most immediate infrastructure challenges is to reform the national power utility and increase power generation and delivery. Capacity must increase by 35 percent over the period 2006-15 to meet domestic demand. The dilapidated condition of both road and rail infrastructure presents another challenge. To meet the target defined in the report...

The Impact of Regional Liberalization and Harmonization in Road Transport Services : A Focus on Zambia and Lessons for Landlocked Ccountries

Raballand, Gaël; Kunaka, Charles; Giersing, Bo
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.8%
Based on a detailed empirical study, this paper argues that regional liberalization of trucking services has had an important effect on transport costs and tariffs for Zambia's economy. Zambia is a peculiar example in Southern Africa as it benefits from relatively low transport costs compared with other landlocked countries in Africa. This is mainly because of competition between Zambian and other regional, mainly South African, operators and because of South African investments in Zambia's trucking industry. As a result, the costs of operators registered in Zambia and South Africa are similar. The study also demonstrates that enhancing trucking interoperability in Southern Africa would significantly impact positively the Zambian trucking industry's competitiveness. The main measures to significantly increase trucking competitiveness in the region would more likely derive from reducing fuel costs in Zambia, improving border-post operations, and relaxing South African truck import rules.

Republic of Yemen : City and Inter-City Land Transport Sector - Strategy Note

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Public Sector Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
The World Bank's study covered all modes of city and inter-city land transport, also designated in this report under the name of 'road transport'. However, the report focuses on the Governments two main concerns: the urban bus and taxi sector, which performs poorly and is a major cause of the growing traffic congestion in Yemeni cities, particularly in Sana'a; and the inter-city freight sector, which does not presently develop in ways that adequately serve the economy. Sana'a is indeed a large and fast growing city where public transport has become critical. Its population was 1.75 million in 2004, while forecasts are for 2.8 million for 2014 and 3.8 million for 2024. Yet, Sana'a's public transport system performs poorly. Similarly, the efficiency of inter-city freight transport is low and it does not promote trade, competition, and low price of basic commodities as it should. In addition, Yemen faces a very high rate of road accidents: in 2006, the number of recorded accidents was about 13,000, resulting in about 2...

Latin America and Caribbean - Southern Cone Inland Waterways Transportation Study The Paraguay-Paraná Hidrovía : Its Role in the Regional Economy and Impact on Climate Change

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.67%
The Paraguay-Parana rivers waterway system (referred to in the text as the Hidrovia, or HPP) is potentially the greatest axis for freight movement in the sub-region and a possible integration mechanism for the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) countries. However, 90 percent of freight in the sub-region is moved by road transport, a significantly inefficient mode of transport in terms of fuel consumption, space use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. For over 15 years the Southern cone countries have attempted to coordinate their regulations and policies to improve the navigability of the HPP so that it can reach its full potential. These efforts have been marred by failures and disputes that have resulted in no concrete actions. Given the apparently limited investment needed to make the HPP the principal low-cost, low-impact freight transport system in the sub-region, it is worthwhile to investigate why the HPP has been unable to fulfill its promise. This report attempts to determine why the Hidrovia, one of most significant watercourses in South America...

Guidelines for Mainstreaming Road Safety in Regional Trade Road Corridors

Breen, Jeanne; Humphreys, Richard Martin; Melibaeva, Sevara
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.82%
The global crisis of road traffic injury is escalating in low-income and middle income countries to devastating effect; with road traffic crashes a leading cause of death. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1.24 million people were killed on the world's roads in 2010 and between 20-50 million more suffer non-fatal injuries from road traffic collisions each year. Among young people aged 15-44 years, road traffic crashes are the second leading cause of death after HIV/AIDS. The guidelines presented here are an important contribution to addressing the challenge of road safety management in regional trade corridors. Developed jointly by the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Program (SSATP) and the World Bank, they are intended to serve as a guide for mainstreaming road safety in regional trade corridor investment programs in developing countries. The guidelines present a roadmap and set of tools with templates for terms of reference to assist in the identification, preparation and implementation of effective road safety projects in regional trade corridors...

The World Bank's Assistance to China's Transport Sector

Churchill, Anthony; Thum, Cordula
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.1%
China's economic development since the opening of its economy in the late 1970s has resulted in an eight percent average annual rate of economic growth. Key facets of this growth are rapidly increasing domestic and foreign trade as well as increasing personal mobility and consumption of energy. The deficiencies of the Chinese road and highway system have in particular created a bottleneck in China's economic development. The major objective of the China country assistance strategy (since the 1980s) was to alleviate infrastructure bottlenecks, in providing financial resources and promoting sector reforms in China. In 1997-98, the World Bank worked together with the Chinese government in completing a review of the transport sector and preparing an intermodal transport strategy. The strategy provides proposals for increasing competition and efficiency, identifies the changing patterns of demand for transport, and advances the analysis of investment needs of the sector and their financing.

O leasing e a assimetria de informação: um estudo de caso no setor do transporte rodoviário de mercadorias

Ribeiro, José Carlos da Silva
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Escola Superior de Estudos Industriais e de Gestão Publicador: Instituto Politécnico do Porto. Escola Superior de Estudos Industriais e de Gestão
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.76%
Dissertação de Mestrado em Finanças Empresariais; O Leasing ocupa um lugar importante enquanto forma de financiamento das empresas, motivando por isso mesmo o interesse em vários estudos e trabalhos sobre a temática. Durante a década de 70 do século passado, os estudos existentes apontavam como grande fator atrativo do leasing aspetos meramente financeiros, ou seja, o leasing apresentava custos mais competitivos face a outras formas de financiamento. A partir da década de 80, a teoria financeira começou a dar relevo a outros fatores que influenciam a estrutura de capitais das empresas e por isso mesmo as formas como as mesmas se financiam. Um desses fatores é a Assimetria de Informação. O objetivo deste trabalho passa por avaliar se a Assimetria de Informação constitui um fator determinante que leve as empresas a optarem pelo leasing como forma de se financiarem. O estudo levado a cabo inclui uma amostra de 142 empresas do setor do transporte rodoviário de mercadorias, para o período compreendido entre 2007 e 2009, sendo que algumas das conclusões do presente estudo levam a crer que as empresas de menor dimensão, mais jovens e com melhores resultados ao nível do EBITDA...

Economic effects of road accessibility in the Pyrenees: user perspective

Durán Weitkamp, Christian; Martín Bofarull, Mónica; Pablo Martí, Federico
Fonte: Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP) Publicador: Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP)
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.76%
At present, Spain faces one of the key moments in planning the future design of the infrastructure network. As a consequence of the critical role played by haulage in intra-European trade, the most important investments are those that guarantee that road haulage traffic can move freely at the borders. That is why it is necessary to make serious evaluations of the economic and social profitability of these investments. Normally the most significant social benefit of investment projects in transport infrastructure is time saving, which in turn changes traffic intensity. In this article we analyse the changes in the user excess caused by public investment in transport infrastructure planned by the Spanish government and which will be located on the border between Spain and France. In particular, we study the increase in network user surplus for HGV traffic in the Spanish and French border zones in the Pyrenees.

Logistic platforms and efficiency of road haulage in Europe (2004-2012); Plataformas logísticas y eficiencia en el transporte de mercancías en Europa (2004-2012)

Fernández López, Xosé Luis; Coto Millán, Pablo; Casares Hontañón, Pedro; Castanedo Galán, Juan Miguel; Pesquera González, Miguel Ángel
Fonte: Universidad de Huelva Publicador: Universidad de Huelva
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; publishedVersion
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.91%
ABSTRACT: This paper analyses the technical efficiency of European road freight transport companies over the period 2004-2012. The results show that road freight companies that use logistic platforms appropriately are more efficient. Other interesting results were also obtained showing that the liberalisation of transport sectors, inventory management and the use of Information and Communications Technology all lead to improvements in companies' technical efficiency. Borrar; RESUMEN: Este trabajo analiza la eficiencia técnica de las empresas europeas de transporte de mercancías por carretera durante el periodo 2004-2012. Los resultados muestran que las empresas de transporte de mercancías por carretera que utilizan plataformas logísticas adecuadamente son más eficientes. Otros resultados interesantes también fueron obtenidos corroborando que la liberalización de los sectores del transporte, la gestión de inventarios y el uso de las Tecnologías de Información y Comunicaciones lleva a mejoras en la eficiencia técnica de las empresas.