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Análise dos fatores de risco para doença cardiovascular na progressão da doença renal crônica; Analysis of cardiovascular disease risk factors in the chronic kidney disease progression

Silva, Luciana Cristina Pereira da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/07/2007 PT
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INTRODUÇÃO: O elevado número de fatores de risco para doença cardiovascular (DCV) é evidente em portadores de doença renal crônica (DRC). Parece que estes fatores de risco estão intrinsicamente ligados à progressão da DRC. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar os fatores de risco para DCV independentemente associados à progressão da DRC. MÉTODOS: Através da análise prospectiva, avaliamos os fatores de risco tradicionais, não-tradicionais e os relacionados à DRC em 112 pacientes consecutivos portadores de DRC (clearance de creatinina entre 15 - 89 ml/min),. A progressão da DRC foi avaliada pela variação do clearance de creatinina (DClCr) durante o seguimento, sendo os pacientes estratificados em dois grupos: não-progressores e progressores. RESULTADOS: A frequência dos fatores de risco para DCV foi muito alta e a mediana do DClCr foi de 2,445 ml/min/ano, durante o seguimento. No início do seguimento, não havia diferença significante entre os grupos, quanto ao sexo, raça, clearance de creatinina, IMC, pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD), índice cintura-quadril (ICQ), colesterol total, HDL-colesterol, triglicérides, marcadores inflamatórios, hemoglobina, hematócrito, paratormônio (PTHi)...

A busca de evidências para os fatores de risco alimentares do câncer colorretal: revisão integrativa da literatura; The search for evidence for the dietary risk factors for colorectal cancer: an integrative literature review

Zandonai, Alexandra Paola
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/08/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, que teve como objetivos buscar e sintetizar as evidências disponíveis na literatura científica relacionado aos fatores de risco alimentares para o câncer colorretal; categorizar os aspectos relacionados aos fatores de risco alimentares levantados e; selecionar as recomendações em educação em saúde especifica para promoção e prevenção para o câncer colorretal, aliada a uma alimentação saudável. Para a seleção dos estudos, foram consultadas as bases de dados LILACS, PUBMED, CINAHL e COCHRANE Library e a amostra constituiu-se de 26 estudos. Foram identificados 21 estudos (80,8%) indexados na base de dados PUBMED e 5 estudos (19,2%) na COCHRANE Library. Houve uma prevalência de 16 estudos (61,5%) com nível de evidência 2 e 10 estudos (38,5%) com nível de evidência 1. Após a análise dos aspectos abordados nestes artigos, reuniu-se em 4 categorias temáticas com a abordagem dos seguintes aspectos: 1- o consumo de carnes e os fatores de risco para câncer colorretal, composta por 6 estudos (23,1%); 2- ácido fólico, fibras, ?-tocoferol e ?-caroteno e os fatores de risco para câncer colorretal, com 6 estudos (23,1%); 3- os fatores de risco associados a suplementação pelo cálcio e vitamina D...

Segurança do paciente em terapia intensiva: caracterização de eventos adversos em pacientes críticos, avaliação de sua relação com mortalidade e identificação de fatores de risco para sua ocorrência; Patient safety in intensive care: characterization of adverse events in critically ill patients, evaluation of their relationship with mortality and identification of risk factors for their occurrence

Zambon, Lucas Santos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/05/2014 PT
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Introdução: A segurança do paciente é tema de grande importância pois muitos pacientes hospitalizados são vítimas de eventos adversos (EAs). Evento adverso é um incidente que resulta em dano desnecessário ao paciente, de caráter não intencional, e que está associado à assistência prestada, e não com a evolução natural da doença do indivíduo. As unidades de terapia intensiva (UTIs) são ambientes propícios à ocorrência de EAs, porém não há dados abrangentes sobre EAs em UTIs no Brasil. Além disso é preciso verificar se a ocorrência de EAs é fator de risco para morte em UTI, e quais são os fatores de risco para sua ocorrência. Objetivos: Identificar e caracterizar EAs em UTIs do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (HC-FMUSP), avaliar se há relação entre ocorrência de EAs e morte em UTIs, e identificar quais os fatores de risco para a ocorrência de EAs nesses locais. Métodos: Estudo observacional do tipo coorte que analisou admissões consecutivas em UTIs no HC-FMUSP entre Junho e Agosto de 2009. Os casos foram acompanhados até a saída da UTI, seja alta ou óbito. Foram coletados dados sobre aspectos clínicos, escores de gravidade (APACHE II, SAPS II, SOFA)...

Risk factors for vascular dementia in elderly psychiatric outpatients with preserved cognitive functions

Stella, Florindo; Banzato, Claudio E.M.; Gasparetto Sé, Elisandra Villela; Scudeler, Juliana Leme; Pacheco, Jaime Lisandro; Kajita, Romeu Toshiyuki
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 247-249
ENG
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The aim of the study was to assess risk factors for vascular dementia (VaD) in elderly psychiatric outpatients without dementia, and to determine to what extent clinical interventions targeted such risk factors. Out of 250 clinical charts, 78 were selected of patients over 60 years old, who showed no signs of dementia. Information was obtained regarding demographics, clinical conditions (diagnosis according to ICD-10), complementary investigation, cognitive functions (via CAMCOG), neuroimaging, and the presence of risk factors for VaD. Depression was the most prevalent psychiatric disorder (74%). A great majority of the patients (86%) had at least one risk factor for VaD. One-third of the sample showed three or more risk factors for VaD. The clinical conditions related to risk factors for VaD were hypertension (48.7%), heart disease (30.8%), hypercholesterolemia (25.6%), diabetes mellitus (23.1%), stroke (12.8%), tryglyceride (12.8%), and obesity (5.1%). In terms of lifestyle, smoking (19.2%), alcohol abuse (16.7%), and sedentarism (14.1%) were other risk factors found. Definite risk factors for VaD were found in 83.3% of the patients. Previous interventions targeting risk factors were found in only 20% of the cases. The high rates of risk factors for VaD identified in this sample suggest that psychiatrists should be more attentive to these factors for the prevention of VaD. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Degeneração macular relacionada à idade : estudo dos fatores de risco em uma população brasileira; Age-related macular degeneration : study of the risk factors in a Brazilian population

Prisicla Hae Hyun Rim
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/02/2012 PT
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Introdução: A degeneração macular relacionada à idade (DMRI) é uma das principais causas de cegueira no mundo desenvolvido, acometendo indivíduos com mais de 65 anos. É uma condição multifatorial degenerativa e progressiva, ocasionando perda da visão central de um ou ambos os olhos e afetando a independência do idoso. Vários fatores de risco estão associados com essa condição incluindo fatores oculares, genéticos, demográficos, nutricionais, médicos e ambientais, mas não há estudo sistemático dos mesmos na população brasileira. Seria oportuno conhecê-los, considerando estabelecer eventuais estratégias para prevenção e diagnóstico precoce, pois apesar dos notáveis avanços na terapêutica da DMRI, o impacto socioeconômico dessa condição e de suas complicações tenderá a aumentar com o envelhecimento da população. Objetivos: Identificar os fatores de risco associados ao desenvolvimento e progressão da DMRI em uma população brasileira. Métodos: Realizado estudo transversal com grupo controle envolvendo 236 participantes com idade >50 anos incluindo 141 indivíduos afetados e 95 controles sem DMRI, todos pacientes assistidos no serviço de Oftalmologia do Hospital de Clínicas da Unicamp. Todos os participantes foram submetidos a exame oftalmológico completo incluindo fundoscopia...

Metabolic syndrome and risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Souza,Mônica Rodrigues de Araújo; Diniz,Margareth de Fátima Formiga de Melo; Medeiros-Filho,José Eymard Moraes de; Araújo,Maria Salete Trigueiro de
Fonte: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED Publicador: Instituto Brasileiro de Estudos e Pesquisas de Gastroenterologia - IBEPEGE ; Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva - CBCD ; Sociedade Brasileira de Motilidade Digestiva - SBMD ; Federação Brasileira de Gastroenterologia - FBG; Sociedade Brasileira de Hepatologia - SBH; Sociedade Brasileira de Endoscopia Digestiva - SOBED
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 EN
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CONTEXT: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, has been considered the most common liver disease nowadays, which is also the most frequent cause of elevated transaminases and cryptogenic cirrhosis. The greatest input of fatty acids into the liver and consequent increased beta-oxidation contribute to the formation of free radicals, release of inflammatory cytokines and varying degrees of hepatocytic aggression, whose histological expression may vary from steatosis (HS) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The differentiation of these forms is required by the potential risk of progression to cirrhosis and development of hepatocellular carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature about the major risk factors for NAFLD in the context of metabolic syndrome, focusing on underlying mechanisms and prevention. METHOD: PubMed, MEDLINE and SciELO data basis analysis was performed to identify studies describing the link between risk factors for metabolic syndrome and NAFLD. A combination of descriptors was used, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, metabolic syndrome and risk factors. At the end, 96 clinical and experimental studies, cohorts, meta-analysis and systematic reviews of great impact and scientific relevance to the topic...

Risk factors for presbycusis in a socio-economic middle-class sample

Sousa,Cláudia Simônica de; Castro Júnior,Ney de; Larsson,Erkki Juhani; Ching,Ting Hui
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cervicofacial Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cervicofacial
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2009 EN
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65.96%
Presbycusis, or the aging ear, involves mainly the inner ear and the cochlear nerve, causing sensorineural hearing loss. Risk factors include systemic diseases and poor habits that cause inner ear damage and lead to presbycusis. Correct identification of these risk factors is relevant for prevention. AIM: To evaluate the prevalence and to identify the risk factors of presbycusis in a sample aged over 40 years. Study design: a retrospective case series. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: medical records of 625 patients were evaluated. Presbycusis was identified using pure tone audiometry, speech audiometry and impedance testing of all patients. RESULTS: The prevalence of presbycusis was 36.1%; the mean age was 50.5 years ranging from 40 to 86 years; 85.5% were male and 14.5% werf female. Age, the male gender, diabetes mellitus, and hereditary hearing loss were identified as risk factors. Cardiovascular diseases, smoking and consumption of alcohol were not confirmed as risk factors, although these have often been mentioned as risk factors for presbycusis. CONCLUSION: Notwithstanding the idea that presbycusis has multiple risk factors, this study identified few risk factors for this disease.

Sex dependent risk factors for mortality after myocardial infarction: individual patient data meta-analysis

van Loo, Hanna M; van den Heuvel, Edwin R; Schoevers, Robert A; Anselmino, Matteo; Carney, Robert M; Denollet, Johan; Doyle, Frank; Freedland, Kenneth E; Grace, Sherry L; Hosseini, Seyed H; Parakh, Kapil; Pilote, Louise; Rafanelli, Chiara; Roest, Anneliek
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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Background: Although a number of risk factors are known to predict mortality within the first years after myocardial infarction, little is known about interactions between risk factors, whereas these could contribute to accurate differentiation of patients with higher and lower risk for mortality. This study explored the effect of interactions of risk factors on all-cause mortality in patients with myocardial infarction based on individual patient data meta-analysis. Methods: Prospective data for 10,512 patients hospitalized for myocardial infarction were derived from 16 observational studies (MINDMAPS). Baseline measures included a broad set of risk factors for mortality such as age, sex, heart failure, diabetes, depression, and smoking. All two-way and three-way interactions of these risk factors were included in Lasso regression analyses to predict time-to-event related all-cause mortality. The effect of selected interactions was investigated with multilevel Cox regression models. Results: Lasso regression selected five two-way interactions, of which four included sex. The addition of these interactions to multilevel Cox models suggested differential risk patterns for males and females. Younger women (age <50) had a higher risk for all-cause mortality than men in the same age group (HR 0.7 vs. 0.4)...

Accumulation of Metabolic Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Black and White Young Adults Over 20 Years

Paynter, Nina P.; Kiefe, Catarina I.; Lewis, Cora E.; Loria, Catherine M.; Goff, David C.; Lloyd‐Jones, Donald M.
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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Background: Cross‐sectional clustering of metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular disease in middle‐aged adults is well described, but less is known regarding the order in which risk factors develop through young adulthood and their relation to subclinical atherosclerosis. Method and Results A total of 3178 black and white women and men in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study were assessed to identify the order in which cardiovascular disease risk factors including diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia (low high‐density lipoprotein cholesterol or high triglyceride levels), hypercholesterolemia (high total or low‐density lipoprotein cholesterol), and obesity develop. Observed patterns of risk factor development were compared with those expected if risk factors accumulated randomly, given their overall distribution in the population. Over the 20 years of follow‐up, 80% of participants developed at least 1 risk factor. The first factor to occur was dyslipidemia in 39% of participants, obesity in 20%, hypercholesterolemia in 11%, hypertension in 7%, and diabetes in 1%. Dyslipidemia was the only risk factor both to occur first and to be followed by additional risk factors more often than expected (P<0.001 for both). Order of risk factor accrual did not affect subclinical atherosclerosis at year 20. Results were similar by sex...

Simultaneidade de fatores de risco para doen??as cr??nicas em adolescentes escolares da cidade de Santa Maria - RS.; Clustering of risk factors of chronic disease among adolescents students from Santa Maria RS

CUREAU, Felipe Vogt
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Educa????o F??sica; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Educa????o F??sica; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Educa????o F??sica; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Educa????o F??sica; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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: Chronic diseases are responsible for two to three deaths in the world. However, to date, few studies investigated the cluster and correlates of risk factorsfor chronic diseases in adolescents. Purpose: To evaluate the clustering of the following risk factors: unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, overweight and high blood pressure. The association between clusterof risk factors and sociodemographic variables was further explored. Methods: Cross-sectional, school-based, study. We used a multistage sampling, stratified bytype of school, city region and grade, comprising 1,142 students (14-19 years old). For data collection a questionnaire was used, as well as anthropometric and bloodpressure measurements. The cluster index was created as the sum of the studied risk factors. The observed/expected ratio was calculated in the analysis of differentcombinations explored. For the correlates analysis, a multinomial logistic regression was used. Results: Prevalence of individual risk factors studied was as follows: 85.8% unhealthy diets, 53.5% physical inactivity, 31.3% high blood pressure, 23.9%overweight, 22.3% excessive drinking alcohol and 8.6% smoking. Only 2.8% of the adolescents did not presented any risk factor...

Individual and social determinants of multiple chronic disease behavioural risk factors in Canadian children and adolescents

Alamian, Arsham
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
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Contexte: Les facteurs de risque comportementaux, notamment l’inactivité physique, le comportement sédentaire, le tabagisme, la consommation d’alcool et le surpoids sont les principales causes modifiables de maladies chroniques telles que le cancer, les maladies cardiovasculaires et le diabète. Ces facteurs de risque se manifestent également de façon concomitante chez l’individu et entraînent des risques accrus de morbidité et de mortalité. Bien que les facteurs de risque comportementaux aient été largement étudiés, la distribution, les patrons d’agrégation et les déterminants de multiples facteurs de risque comportementaux sont peu connus, surtout chez les enfants et les adolescents. Objectifs: Cette thèse vise 1) à décrire la prévalence et les patrons d’agrégation de multiples facteurs de risque comportementaux des maladies chroniques chez les enfants et adolescents canadiens; 2) à explorer les corrélats individuels, sociaux et scolaires de multiples facteurs de risque comportementaux chez les enfants et adolescents canadiens; et 3) à évaluer, selon le modèle conceptuel de l’étude, l’influence longitudinale d’un ensemble de variables distales (c’est-à-dire des variables situées à une distance intermédiaire des comportements à risque) de type individuel (estime de soi...

Gender Differences in the Influence of Protective Factors, Risk Factors, and Health Risk Behaviors on HIV Risk Behaviors Among Youth in South Florida

Navarro, Christi M
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
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Adolescents engage in a range of risk behaviors during their transition from childhood to adulthood. Identifying and understanding interpersonal and socio-environmental factors that may influence risk-taking is imperative in order to meet the Healthy People 2020 goals of reducing the incidence of unintended pregnancies, HIV, and other sexually transmitted infections among youth. The purpose of this study was to investigate gender differences in the predictors of HIV risk behaviors among South Florida youth. More specifically, this study examined how protective factors, risk factors, and health risk behaviors, derived from a guiding framework using the Theory of Problem Behavior and Theory of Gender and Power, were associated with HIV risk behavior. A secondary analysis of 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data sets from Miami-Dade, Broward, and Palm Beach school districts tested hypotheses for factors associated with HIV risk behaviors. The sample consisted of 5,869 high school students (mean age 16.1 years), with 69% identifying as Black or Hispanic. Logistic regression analyses revealed gender differences in the predictors of HIV risk behavior. An increase in the health risk behaviors was related to an increase in the odds that a student would engage in HIV risk behavior. An increase in risk factors was also found to significantly predict an increase in the odds of HIV risk behavior...

Youth suicide attempts and the dose-response relationship to parental risk factors: a population-based study

Christiansen, E.; Goldney, R.; Beautrais, A.; Agerbo, E.
Fonte: Cambridge Univ Press Publicador: Cambridge Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
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Background: There is a lack of specific knowledge about the dose–response effect of multiple parental risk factors for suicide attempts among children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to determine the dose–response effect of multiple parental risk factors on an offspring’s risk for suicide attempt. Method: We designed a population-based two-generation nested case–control study and used Danish register data. A population of 403 431 individuals born between 1983 and 1989 was sampled. Among these, 3465 (0.8%) were registered as having had a suicide attempt. Twenty controls were matched to each case and a link to the offspring’s biological parents was established. Results. There was a dose–response relationship between the number of exposures and the risk of suicide attempts, with the increased risk seeming to be a multiplicative effect. Parental suicide, suicide attempt, psychiatric illness and low level of income were all significant independent risk factors for offspring’s suicide attempts. Conclusions. Knowledge of the effect of multiple risk factors on the likelihood of suicide attempts in children and adolescents is important for risk assessment. Dose–response effects of multiple parental risk factors are multiplicative...

Prevalence and Interrelationships between Cardio-Metabolic Risk Factors in Abdominally Obese Individuals

Pettman, T.; Buckley, J.; Coates, A.; Misan, G.; Petkov, J.; Howe, P.
Fonte: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publishers Publicador: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Publishers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 EN
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OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and identify relationships between clustering and severity of cardio-metabolic risk factors in abdominally obese adults. METHODS: Cardio-metabolic risk factors were assessed in a sample of 300 abdominally obese volunteers (233 females, 67 males, mean age 43.7 years) who were not being treated for diabetes, hypertension or dyslipidemia. Waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, fasting lipids, and glucose were measured and prevalence of metabolic syndrome was determined according to International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Correlation analysis and Poisson regression were used to examine associations between the presence of a particular risk factor and the propensity for clustering and derangement of other risk factors, using continuous data for risk factors and categorical data for number of metabolic syndrome components. RESULTS: In all, 53% had metabolic syndrome and only 16% were free of cardio-metabolic abnormalities. In order of importance, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), and triglycerides (TGs) were most strongly associated with greater clustering of risk factors, with a one standard deviation difference being associated with a respective difference of 9.65...

Identification of Psychological Risk Factors for Eating Disorder Symptomatology in Women; Identifizierung psychologischer Risikofaktoren für Essstörungssymptomatik bei Frauen

Fassnacht, Daniel B.
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
EN
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Theoretical Background: Individuals suffering from full or partial Eating Disorders (ED) manifestations, experience substantial personal impairment, distress and a loss in quality of life. Although research about risk factors for the development of an ED, has been intensified over the last two decades, to date the empirical evidence is still sparse and inconsistent. Additionally, the temporal course of a risk factor prior to the onset of ED symptomatology has hardly been explored. Both issues require prospective longitudinal studies taking into account specific methodological requirements. Study Aims: The present research aims to identify risk factors for the onset of ED symptomatology and to explore the temporal course of those factors prior to the onset. Methods: Based on the requirements of how to identify risk factors, an observational longitudinal study targeting a university student population was conducted. At two sites (University of Minho, Portugal; University of St. Etienne, France) 151 female participants completed monthly Internet-based measurements assessing both ED symptoms and potential risk factors. For the latter, eating, weight and shape related factors, as well as unspecific factors (self-esteem, emotional dysregulation...

The influence of recreational ball hockey play on cardiovascular risk factors in sedentary males

Polesksic, Goran.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
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65.98%
Introduction: The prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) is ever increasing in western industrialized societies. An individuals overall risk for CAD may be quantified by integrating a number of factors including, but not limited to, cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, blood lipid profile and blood pressure. It might be expected that interventions aimed at improving any or all of these independent factors might improve an individual 's overall risk. To this end, the influence of standard endurance type exercise on cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, blood lipids and blood pressure, and by extension the reduction of coronary risk factors, is well documented. On the other hand, interval training (IT) has been shown to provide an extremely powerful stimulus for improving indices of cardiorespiratory function but the influence of this training type on coronary risk factors is unknown. Moreover, the vast majority of studies investigating the effects of IT on fitness have used laboratory type training protocols. As a result of this, the influence of participation in interval-type recreational sports on cardiorespiratory fitness and coronary risk factors is unknown. Aims: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of recreational ball hockey...

ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS, AND ABDOMINAL OBESITY WITH CARDIOMETABOLIC RISK FACTORS IN INACTIVE OBESE WOMEN

Shalev-Goldman, EINAT
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
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65.98%
Over the past several decades abdominal obesity and physical inactivity have increased at an alarming pace. Since both are related to adverse health risk it is important to determine their independent influence. It is well established that cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF, the ability to perform physical activity) and physical activity (PA) are negatively associated with cardiometabolic risk factors (commonly obtained risk factors for disease, e.g: TG, HDL, etc.). In other words, the higher a person’s levels of PA and fitness, the lower that person’s likelihood of developing cardiometabolic risk factors. Abdominal obesity is positively associated with cardiometabolic risk factors which means the more abdominally obese a person is, the more prone that person is to develop cardiometabolic risk factors. However, it is unknown whether PA influences cardiometabolic risk factors independent of fitness level and/or abdominal obesity. My study objective was to examine whether PA is associated with cardiometabolic risk factors independent of cardiorespiratory fitness and/or abdominal obesity in inactive abdominally obese women. The study enrolled 141 inactive abdominally obese women. PA, cardiorespiratory fitness, and cardiometabolic risk profile were measured in all participants. A novel feature of this study was the use of the accelerometer to objectively measure PA and to divide exercise into different levels of intensity...

Fatores de risco comportamentais acumulados para doenças cardiovasculares no sul do Brasil; Factores de riesgo conductuales acumulados en enfermedades cardiovasculares en el sur de Brasil; Accumulated behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in Southern Brazil

Muniz, Ludmila Correa; Schneider, Bruna Celestino; Silva, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da; Matijasevich, Alicia; Santos, Iná Silva
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/06/2012 POR; ENG
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OBJETIVO: Estimar a prevalência e identificar fatores associados ao acúmulo de comportamentos de risco para doenças cardiovasculares entre adultos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de base populacional com amostra representativa de 2.732 adultos de ambos os sexos de Pelotas, RS, em 2010. Os fatores de risco comportamentais investigados foram: tabagismo; inatividade física no lazer; consumo habitual de gordura aparente da carne; e consumo diário de embutidos, carne vermelha e leite integral. O desfecho do estudo foi o escore de aglomeração de fatores de risco comportamentais, variando de zero a três: nenhum fator de risco comportamental para doenças cardiovasculares ou exposição a 1, 2 ou >; 3 fatores de risco comportamentais. Realizou-se regressão logística multinomial para avaliar o efeito ajustado das características individuais sobre o acúmulo de fatores de risco comportamentais, tendo como categoria de referência indivíduos sem qualquer dos fatores. RESULTADOS: A inatividade física foi o fator de risco mais prevalente (75,6%), seguido do consumo habitual de gordura aparente da carne (52,3%). Dois terços da população apresentaram dois ou mais fatores de risco comportamentais. A combinação de inatividade física e consumo habitual de gordura aparente da carne ocorreu em 17...

Clustering of behavioural risk factors and their association with subjective health

Galán,Iñaki; Rodríguez-Artalejo,Fernando; Tobías,Aurelio; Díez-Gañán,Lucía; Gandarillas,Ana; Zorrilla,Belén
Fonte: Gaceta Sanitaria Publicador: Gaceta Sanitaria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/10/2005 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.97%
Objectives: To describe the clustering of behavioural risk factors in the adult population of the Autonomous Community of Madrid (Spain), and to evaluate the association between the level of aggregation of such factors and suboptimal subjective health. Methods: Data were drawn from the Non-communicable Disease Risk-Factor Surveillance System (Sistema de Vigilancia de Factores de Riesgo asociados a Enfermedades No Transmisibles - SIVFRENT). We studied the relationships between tobacco use, high-risk alcohol consumption, leisure-time inactivity and unbalanced diet in 16,043 people aged 18-64, comparing observed against expected proportions. Logistic regression was used to estimate the association between aggregation of risk factors and suboptimal health (fair, poor and very poor health). Results: Almost 20% of subjects had 3 or 4 risk factors. Most combinations of three risk factors exceeded expectations and, in particular, 4-factor clustering yielded observed/expected quotients of 2.15 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.93-2.38) in men and 2.96 (95% CI, 2.46-3.46) in women. In both sexes, smoking was the individual factor most frequently associated with the remaining risk factors. Aggregation of risk factors was more frequent among men...

Clustering of behavioural risk factors and their association with subjective health

Galán,Iñaki; Rodríguez-Artalejo,Fernando; Tobías,Aurelio; Díez-Gañán,Lucía; Gandarillas,Ana; Zorrilla,Belén
Fonte: Ediciones Doyma, S.L. Publicador: Ediciones Doyma, S.L.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2005 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.97%
Objectives: To describe the clustering of behavioural risk factors in the adult population of the Autonomous Community of Madrid (Spain), and to evaluate the association between the level of aggregation of such factors and suboptimal subjective health. Methods: Data were drawn from the Non-communicable Disease Risk-Factor Surveillance System (Sistema de Vigilancia de Factores de Riesgo asociados a Enfermedades No Transmisibles - SIVFRENT). We studied the relationships between tobacco use, high-risk alcohol consumption, leisure-time inactivity and unbalanced diet in 16,043 people aged 18-64, comparing observed against expected proportions. Logistic regression was used to estimate the association between aggregation of risk factors and suboptimal health (fair, poor and very poor health). Results: Almost 20% of subjects had 3 or 4 risk factors. Most combinations of three risk factors exceeded expectations and, in particular, 4-factor clustering yielded observed/expected quotients of 2.15 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.93-2.38) in men and 2.96 (95% CI, 2.46-3.46) in women. In both sexes, smoking was the individual factor most frequently associated with the remaining risk factors. Aggregation of risk factors was more frequent among men...