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Abordagem otimizada na ressuscitação cardiocerebral; Optimized approach in cardiocerebral resuscitation; Abordaje optimizado en la resucitación cardiocerebral

KERN, Karl B.; TIMERMAN, Sergio; GONZALEZ, Maria Margarita; RAMIRES, José Antônio
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.97%
A ressuscitação cardiocerebral (RCC) é uma nova abordagem à ressuscitação de pacientes com parada cardíaca fora do hospital (PCFH). O primeiro componente principal da RCC são as compressões torácicas contínuas (CTC), também chamadas de RCP com compressões torácicas isoladas ou "RCP somente com compressões torácicas" ("Hands-only" CPR), recomendadas como parte da RCC por todos os observadores que testemunhem um colapso súbito de origem presumidamente cardíaco. O segundo componente é um novo algoritmo de tratamento de Suporte Avançado de Vida em Cardiologia (ACLS) para Serviços Médicos de Emergência (SME). Esse algoritmo enfatiza compressões torácicas ininterruptas a despeito de outros procedimentos contínuos como parte do esforço de resgate. Um terceiro componente foi recentemente adicionado à RCC, e é o cuidado agressivo pós-ressuscitação. A RCC tem aumentado a participação de testemunhas e tem melhorado as taxas de sobrevivência em varias comunidades. Essa é a hora para outras comunidades re-examinarem seus próprios desfechos com parada cardíaca e considerar a possibilidade de se juntar a essas cidades e comunidades que dobraram e até mesmo triplicaram as suas taxas de sobrevivência de PCFH.; Cardiocerebral Resuscitation (CCR) is a new approach to the resuscitation of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The first major component of CCR is continuous chest compressions (also referred to as chest compression-only CPR or "hands-only CPR") advocated as part of CCR for all bystanders who witness a sudden collapse of presumed cardiac origin. The second component of CCR is a new ACLS treatment algorithm for Emergency Medical Services. This algorithm emphasizes uninterrupted chest compressions regardless of other ongoing assignments as part of the rescue effort. A third component has recently been added to CCR...

A Comparison Between Pulse Pressure Variation and Right End Diastolic Volume Index as Guides to Resuscitation in a Model of Hemorrhagic Shock in Pigs

OLIVEIRA, Marcos Antonio de; OTSUKI, Denise Aya; NOEL-MORGAN, Jessica; LEITE, Victor Figueiredo; FANTONI, Denise Tabacchi; AULER JR., Jose Otavio Costa
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Background: Different hemodynamic parameters including static indicators of cardiac preload as right ventricular end-diastolic volume index (RVEDVI) and dynamic parameters as pulse pressure variation (PPV) have been used in the decision-making process regarding volume expansion in critically ill patients. The objective of this study was to compare fluid resuscitation guided by either PPV or RVEDVI after experimentally induced hemorrhagic shock. Methods: Twenty-six anesthetized and mechanically ventilated pigs were allocated into control (group I), PPV (group II), or RVEDVI (group III) group. Hemorrhagic shock was induced by blood withdrawal to target mean arterial pressure of 40 mm Hg, maintained for 60 minutes. Parameters were measured at baseline, time of shock, 60 minutes after shock, immediately after resuscitation with hydroxyethyl starch 6% (130/0.4), 1 hour and 2 hours thereafter. The endpoint of fluid resuscitation was determined as the baseline values of PPV and RVEDVI. Statistical analysis of data was based on analysis of variance for repeated measures followed by the Bonferroni test (p < 0.05). Results: Volume and time to resuscitation were higher in group III than in group II (group III = 1,305 +/- 331 mL and group II = 965 +/- 245 mL...

Abdominal compartment syndrome in trauma resuscitation

RIZOLI, Sandro; MAMTANI, Anita; SCARPELINI, Sandro; KIRKPATRICK, Andrew W.
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Purpose of review Swelling is inexorably linked to shock and resuscitation in trauma. In many forms, swelling complicates and interacts with traumatic injury to raise pressures in the abdomen, resulting in intraabdominal hypertension, which may overtly manifest as abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) driving multiple organ failure. Despite renewed clinical interest in posttraumatic intraabdominal pressure, there remains a chiasm between knowledge of the risks and clinical interventions to mitigate them. This review provides a concise overview of definitions, risk factors, diagnosis and management using an illustrative trauma case. Recent findings Intraabdominal pressure commonly increases following trauma, wherein ACS may manifest earlier than generally appreciated and complicate other insults such as shock and hemorrhage. Contemporary resuscitation strategies may exacerbate intraabdominal hypertension, particularly massive crystalloid resuscitation. Although unproven, the recent transition to crystalloid restriction and high plasma resuscitation strategies may influence the prevalence of ACS. Nonetheless, aggressive intraabdominal pressure monitoring should be mandatory in the critically ill. Despite potential nonoperative options...

Effect of treatment delay on disease severity and need for resuscitation in porcine fecal peritonitis

Correa, Thiago D.; Vuda, Madhusudanarao; Blaser, Annika Reintam; Takala, Jukka; Djafarzadeh, Siamak; Duenser, Martin W.; Silva, Eliezer; Lensch, Michael; Wilkens, Ludwig; Jakob, Stephan M.
Fonte: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS; PHILADELPHIA Publicador: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS; PHILADELPHIA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
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Objective: Early treatment in sepsis may improve outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the delay in starting resuscitation influences the severity of sepsis and the treatment needed to achieve hemodynamic stability. Design: Prospective, randomized, controlled experimental study. Setting: Experimental laboratory in a university hospital. Subjects: Thirty-two anesthetized and mechanically ventilated pigs. Interventions: Pigs were randomly assigned (n = 8 per group) to a nonseptic control group or one of three groups in which fecal peritonitis (peritoneal instillation of 2 g/kg autologous feces) was induced, and a 48-hr period of protocolized resuscitation started 6 (Delta T-6 hrs), 12 (Delta T-12 hrs), or 24 (Delta T-24 hrs) hrs later. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of delays in resuscitation on disease severity, need for resuscitation, and the development of sepsis-associated organ and mitochondrial dysfunction. Measurements and Main Results: Any delay in starting resuscitation was associated with progressive signs of hypovolemia and increased plasma levels of interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha prior to resuscitation. Delaying resuscitation increased cumulative net fluid balances (2.1 +/- 0.5 mL/kg/hr...

O uso da máscara laríngea pelo enfermeiro na ressuscitação cardiopulmonar: revisão integrativa da literatura; Nurses use of the laryngeal mask in cardiopulmonary resuscitation: an integrative literature review.

Pedersoli, Cesar Eduardo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/07/2009 PT
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A parada cardiorrespiratória (PCR) é uma situação que requer atuação imediata dos profissionais da saúde. Na maioria dos hospitais e unidades de saúde, a equipe de enfermagem é a primeira a chegar em casos de PCR, devendo ser competente em iniciar as manobras de ressuscitação cardiopulmonar (RCP). Dentre os procedimentos durante a RCP, a intubação endotraqueal é o padrão ouro para abordagem das vias aéreas, mas nem todos os profissionais de saúde estão aptos a realizá-la. A máscara laríngea é um dispositivo que permite a formação de um selo ao redor da laringe, oferecendo uma satisfatória alternativa para manejo das vias aéreas. O referencial teórico-metodológico utilizado foi o da Prática Baseada em Evidências, que preconiza a aplicação de resultados de pesquisas na prática profissional do enfermeiro. O estudo teve como objetivo identificar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre a abordagem de vias aéreas por meio da inserção da máscara laríngea pelo enfermeiro, na RCP, em pacientes adultos. A metodologia adotada foi a revisão integrativa da literatura cujo propósito é reunir e sintetizar o conhecimento sobre a temática proposta. As bases de dados acessadas foram: LILACS, PUBMED, CINAHL e COCHRANE com os descritores controlados laryngeal masks AND cardiopulmonary resuscitation AND nursing. Após leitura exaustiva dos artigos foram selecionadas 18 referencias. Os resultados evidenciaram que 66...

Registro brasileiro de ressuscitação cardiopulmonar intra-hospitalar: fatores prognósticos de sobrevivência pós-ressuscitação; Brazilian Registry of in-hospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: post-resuscitation survival prognostic factors

Guimarães, Hélio Penna
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/06/2011 PT
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Introdução: Apesar dos avanços e uniformização preconizada pelas diretrizes mundiais de ressuscitação cardiopulmonar (RCP), ainda é insuficiente o conhecimento da efetividade da RCP intra-hospitalar no Brasil. Neste estudo avaliamos variáveis clínicas e demográficas de pacientes submetidos à RCP e preditores independentes associados à sobrevivência imediata (recuperação da circulação espontânea acima de 24h), sobrevivência até a alta hospitalar, em seis e doze meses. Métodos: este estudo transversal incluiu, de forma prospectiva, 763 pacientes em parada cardiorrespiratória (PCR) entre 1º de novembro de 2007 a 1º de novembro de 2010, ocorrida no ambiente intra-hospitalar de 17 hospitais gerais e institutos de especialidades. As manobras de RCP foram executadas em 575 pacientes. Resultados: A modalidade de PCR mais frequente foi a assistolia (40,7%), seguida de atividade elétrica sem pulso (39,3%). A sobrevivência imediata foi de 48,8%, sobrevivência até a alta hospitalar foi de 13%, de 4,3% em seis e de 3,8% em doze meses. Os preditores independentes associados à sobrevivência imediata foram o ritmo inicial em fibrilação ventricular ou taquicardia ventricular sem pulso (Razão de Taxas RT 1,31; IC 95% 1...

Efeito da ressuscitação tardia na gravidade da sepse, na intensidade do tratamento e na função mitocondrial em um modelo experimental de peritonite fecal; Effect of treatment delay on disease severity and need for resuscitation in porcine fecal peritonitis

Corrêa, Thiago Domingos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/09/2013 PT
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Introdução: É provável que o tratamento precoce da sepse grave e do choque séptico possa melhorar o desfecho dos pacientes. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar como o atraso no início da ressuscitação da sepse influencia a gravidade da doença, a intensidade das medidas de ressuscitação necessárias para atingir estabilidade hemodinâmica, o desenvolvimento da disfunção orgânica e a função mitocondrial. Métodos: Estudo experimental, prospectivo, randomizado e controlado, realizado em um laboratório experimental de um hospital universitário. Trinta e dois porcos submetidos à anestesia geral e ventilados mecanicamente foram randomizados (8 animais por grupo) em um grupo controle sadio ou para um de três grupos em que induziu-se peritonite fecal (instilação peritoneal de 2,0 g/kg de fezes autólogas) e, após 6 (deltaT-6h), 12 (deltaT-12h) ou 24 (deltaT-24h) horas, iniciou-se um período de 48 horas de ressuscitação protocolada. Resultados: O retardo no início da ressuscitação da sepse foi associada a sinais progressivos de hipovolemia e ao aumento dos níveis plasmáticos de interleucina-6 e do fator de necrose tumoral alfa. O atraso no início do tratamento da sepse resultou em balanço hídrico progressivamente positivo (2...

Fatores prognósticos de sobrevida pós-reanimação cardiorrespiratória cerebral em hospital geral; Prognostic factors on post cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation in general hospitals

Gomes, André Mansur de Carvalho Guanaes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 05/03/2004 PT
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Realizamos este estudo com o objetivo de analisar as principais variáveis clínicas dos pacientes que sofreram parada cardiorrespiratória e detectar fatores prognósticos de sobrevivência a curto e longo prazos, tentando oferecer subsídios aos profissionais de saúde que estão envolvidos com reanimação. Analisamos prospectivamente 452 pacientes que receberam reanimação em hospitais gerais de Salvador. Utilizou-se análise bivariada e estratificada nas associações entre as variáveis e a curva de sobrevida para análise de nove anos de evolução. Observamos 24% de sobrevida imediata e 5% de sobrevida à alta hospitalar. Os fatores prognósticos de sobrevida imediata foram: ter doença de base, a enfermidade cardiovascular, diagnosticar o ritmo cardíaco , ritmo de fibrilação ou taquicardia ventricular, tempo estimado pré-reanimação menor ou igual a cinco minutos; tempo de reanimação menor ou igual a 15 minutos. As variáveis prognósticas sobrevida a longo prazo foram: não usar adrenalina; ser reanimado em hospital privado;tempo de reanimação menor ou igual a 15 minutos; The objectives of this study are to analyze the main clinical and demographic characteristics of patients who suffer cardiac arrest and identify variables involved in survival outcomes. The study enrolled 452 patients...

Impact of cerebral cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers in a general hospital: prognostic factors and outcomes

Bartholomay,Eduardo; Dias,Fernando Suparregui; Torres,Fábio Alves; Jacobson,Pedro; Mariante,Afonso; Wainstein,Rodrigo; Silva,Renato; Bodanese,Luiz Carlos
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2003 EN
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OBJECTIVE: To assess survival of patients undergoing cerebral cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers and to identify prognostic factors for short-term survival. METHODS: Prospective study with patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers. RESULTS: The study included 150 patients. Spontaneous circulation was re-established in 88 (58%) patients, and 42 (28%) were discharged from the hospital. The necessary number of patients treated to save 1 life in 12 months was 3.4. The presence of ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia (VF/VT) as the initial rhythm, shorter times of cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers and cardiopulmonary arrest, and greater values of mean blood pressure (BP) prior to cardiopulmonary arrest were independent variables for re-establishment of spontaneous circulation and hospital discharge. The odds ratios for hospital discharge were as follows: 6.1 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.7-13.6), when the initial rhythm was VF/VT; 9.4 (95% CI = 4.1-21.3), when the time of cerebral cardiopulmonary resuscitation was < 15 min; 9.2 (95% CI = 3.9-21.3), when the time of cardiopulmonary arrest was < 20 min; and 5.7 (95% CI = 2.4-13.7), when BP was > 70 mmHg. CONCLUSION: The presence of VF/VT as the initial rhythm...

Comparison of the effects of lactated Ringer solution with and without hydroxyethyl starch fluid resuscitation on gut edema during severe splanchnic ischemia

Lobo,S.M.; Orrico,S.R.P.; Queiroz,M.M.; Contrim,L.M.; Cury,P.M.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2008 EN
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36.97%
The type of fluid used during resuscitation may have an important impact on tissue edema. We evaluated the impact of two different regimens of fluid resuscitation on hemodynamics and on lung and intestinal edema during splanchnic hypoperfusion in rabbits. The study included 16 female New Zealand rabbits (2.9 to 3.3 kg body weight, aged 8 to 12 months) with splanchnic ischemia induced by ligation of the superior mesenteric artery. The animals were randomized into two experimental groups: group I (N = 9) received 12 mL·kg-1·h-1 lactated Ringer solution and 20 mL/kg 6% hydroxyethyl starch solution; group II (N = 7) received 36 mL·kg-1·h-1 lactated Ringer solution and 20 mL/kg 0.9% saline. A segment from the ileum was isolated to be perfused. A tonometric catheter was placed in a second gut segment. Superior mesenteric artery (Q SMA) and aortic (Qaorta) flows were measured using ultrasonic flow probes. After 4 h of fluid resuscitation, tissue specimens were immediately removed for estimations of gut and lung edema. There were no differences in global and regional perfusion variables, lung wet-to-dry weight ratios and oxygenation indices between groups. Gut wet-to-dry weight ratio was significantly lower in the crystalloid/colloid-treated group (4.9 ± 1.5) than in the crystalloid-treated group (7.3 ± 2.4) (P < 0.05). In this model of intestinal ischemia...

Rabbit model of uncontrolled hemorrhagic shock and hypotensive resuscitation

Rezende-Neto,J.B.; Rizoli,S.B.; Andrade,M.V.; Lisboa,T.A.; Cunha-Melo,J.R.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2010 EN
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Clinically relevant animal models capable of simulating traumatic hemorrhagic shock are needed. We developed a hemorrhagic shock model with male New Zealand rabbits (2200-2800 g, 60-70 days old) that simulates the pre-hospital and acute care of a penetrating trauma victim in an urban scenario using current resuscitation strategies. A laparotomy was performed to reproduce tissue trauma and an aortic injury was created using a standardized single puncture to the left side of the infrarenal aorta to induce hemorrhagic shock similar to a penetrating mechanism. A 15-min interval was used to simulate the arrival of pre-hospital care. Fluid resuscitation was then applied using two regimens: normotensive resuscitation to achieve baseline mean arterial blood pressure (MAP, 10 animals) and hypotensive resuscitation at 60% of baseline MAP (10 animals). Another 10 animals were sham operated. The total time of the experiment was 85 min, reproducing scene, transport and emergency room times. Intra-abdominal blood loss was significantly greater in animals that underwent normotensive resuscitation compared to hypotensive resuscitation (17.1 ± 2.0 vs 8.0 ± 1.5 mL/kg). Antithrombin levels decreased significantly in normotensive resuscitated animals compared to baseline (102 ± 2.0 vs 59 ± 4.1%)...

Material and human resources for neonatal resuscitation in public maternity hospitals in Brazilian state capitals

Almeida,Maria Fernanda Branco de; Guinsburg,Ruth; Costa,José Orleans da; Anchieta,Lêni Márcia; Freire,Lincoln Marcelo Silveira
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2008 EN
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CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: In 2002, the early neonatal mortality rate in Brazil was 12.42 per thousand live births. Perinatal asphyxia was the greatest cause of neonatal death (about 23%). This study aimed to evaluate the availability of the resources required for neonatal resuscitation in delivery rooms of public hospitals in Brazilian state capitals. DESIGN AND SETTING: Multicenter cross-sectional study involving 36 hospitals in 20 Brazilian state capitals in June 2003. METHODS: Each Brazilian region was represented by 1-4% of its live births. A local coordinator collected data regarding physical infrastructure, supplies and professionals available for neonatal resuscitation in the delivery room. The information was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 10. RESULTS: Among the 36 hospitals, 89% were referral centers for high-risk pregnancies. Each institution had a monthly mean of 365 live births (3% < 1,500 g and 15% < 2,500 g). The 36 hospitals had 125 resuscitation tables (3-4 per hospital), all with overhead radiant heat, oxygen and vacuum sources. Appropriate equipment for pulmonary ventilation was available for more than 90% of the 125 resuscitation tables. On average, one pediatrician, three nurses and five nursing assistants per shift worked in the delivery rooms of each institution. Out of the 874 pediatricians and 1...

Influence of asymptomatic pneumonia on the response to hemorrhage and resuscitation in swine

Burns,John W.; Sondeen,Jill L.; Prince,M. Dale; Estep,J. Scot; Dubick,Michael A.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
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INTRODUCTION: Investigation of resuscitation fluids in our swine hemorrhage model revealed moderate to severe chronic pneumonia in five swine at necropsy. Our veterinary staff suggested that we perform a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from these animals. We compared the data to that of ten healthy swine to determine the physiologic consequences of the added stress on our hemorrhage/resuscitation model. METHODS: Anesthetized, immature female swine (40 ± 5 kg) were instrumented for determining arterial and venous pressures, cardiac output and urine production. A controlled hemorrhage of 20 ml/kg over 4 min 40 sec was followed at 30 min by a second hemorrhage of 8 ml/kg and resuscitation with 1.5 ml/kg/min of LR solutions to achieve and maintain systolic blood pressure at 80 ± 5 mmHg for 3.5 hrs. Chemistries and arterial and venous blood gasses were determined from periodic blood samples along with hemodynamic variables. RESULTS: There were significant decreases in survival, urine output, cardiac output and oxygen delivery at 60 min and O2 consumption at 120 min in the pneumonia group compared to the non-pneumonia group. There were no differences in other metabolic or hemodynamic data between the groups. CONCLUSION: Although pneumonia had little influence on pulmonary gas exchange...

Resuscitation speed affects brain injury in a large animal model of traumatic brain injury and shock

Sillesen, Martin; Jin, Guang; Johansson, Pär I; Alam, Hasan B
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
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Background: Optimal fluid resuscitation strategy following combined traumatic brain injury (TBI) and hemorrhagic shock (HS) remain controversial and the effect of resuscitation infusion speed on outcome is not well known. We have previously reported that bolus infusion of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) protects the brain compared with bolus infusion of 0.9% normal saline (NS). We now hypothesize reducing resuscitation infusion speed through a stepwise infusion speed increment protocol using either FFP or NS would provide neuroprotection compared with a high speed resuscitation protocol. Methods: 23 Yorkshire swine underwent a protocol of computer controlled TBI and 40% hemorrhage. Animals were left in shock (mean arterial pressure of 35 mmHg) for two hours prior to resuscitation with bolus FFP (n = 5, 50 ml/min) or stepwise infusion speed increment FFP (n = 6), bolus NS (n = 5, 165 ml/min) or stepwise infusion speed increment NS (n = 7). Hemodynamic variables over a 6-hour observation phase were recorded. Following euthanasia, brains were harvested and lesion size as well as brain swelling was measured. Results: Bolus FFP resuscitation resulted in greater brain swelling (22.36 ± 1.03% vs. 15.58 ± 2.52%, p = 0.04), but similar lesion size compared with stepwise resuscitation. This was associated with a lower cardiac output (CO: 4.81 ± 1.50 l/min vs. 5.45 ± 1.14 l/min...

The survival of patients with not-for-resuscitation orders

Li, J.; Yong, T.; Hakendorf, P.; Ben-Tovim, D.; Thompson, C.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
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Background: Studies have shown higher in-hospital mortality rates in patients with not-for-resuscitation (NFR) decisions. Long-term survival of these patients after their discharge from acute care is largely unknown as is communication of such decisions to primary care givers through letters or discharge summaries. Aim: To evaluate the in-hospital mortality and post-discharge survival of general medical patients with documented resuscitation decisions as well as the prevalence of these decisions being communicated to primary health care providers through discharge summaries. Design: Retrospective cross-sectional study. Methods: The medical records of 618 general medical patients admitted to an Australian tertiary referral teaching hospital between January and December 2007 were reviewed to determine the documentation of resuscitation decisions. Mortality rates in-hospital and up to 5 years post-discharge were assessed in relation to the nature of any resuscitation decisions. Communication of these decisions in the discharge summaries was also evaluated. Results: One hundred and thirty-six (22%) patients had resuscitation decisions documented of whom 91 (67%) did not want resuscitation (NFR). For this NFR group, the in-hospital mortality rate was 20%...

Resuscitation orders and their relevance to patients' clinical status and outcomes

Shanmuganathan, N.; Li, J.; Yong, T.; Hakendorf, P.; Ben-Tovim, D.; Thompson, C.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
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Background: Documented resuscitation orders have relevance in the management of a pulseless, unresponsive patient. Although useful, the frequency of their documentation in the case notes of newly admitted medical patients is not well established. Aim: To investigate the frequency of early clear documentation of resuscitation orders in patients’ admission notes. Design: Retrospective audit. Methods: The admission notes of 618 medical admissions to an Australian tertiary referral teaching hospital between January and December 2007 were reviewed to calculate the frequency of clear resuscitation documentation. Certain outcomes of each admission, such as in-hospital death, were obtained via hospital-based computerized records. Results: Within the first 24 h of admission, discussions regarding resuscitation were not documented for 78% of patients. Of the 482 patients with no documented resuscitation orders, 5 patients died during their index admission. Of the 136 patients with documented resuscitation orders, 24 patients died during their index admission. As age or a measure of clinical debility increased, the absolute number and relative proportion of resuscitation discussions increased significantly (P < 0.0001) and the number and proportion of patients deemed not for resuscitation also increased (P < 0.0001). Conclusions: Those patients apparently targeted for discussion were older...

Quality of resuscitation orders in general medical patients

McNeill, D.; Mohapatra, B.; Li, J.; Spriggs, D.; Ahamed, S.; Gaddi, Y.; Hakendorf, P.; Ben-Tovim, D.; Thompson, C.
Fonte: Oxford Univ Press Publicador: Oxford Univ Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
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Background: Documentation of resuscitation status in hospitalized patients has relevance in the management of cardiopulmonary arrest. Its association with mortality, Length Of hospital Stay (LOS) and the patients’ primary diagnosis has not been established in general medical inpatients in hospitals in Australia and New Zealand. Aim: To investigate the association of resuscitation orders with in-hospital mortality and LOS in a range of diagnoses, adjusting for severity of illness and other covariates. Design: Retrospective study. Methods: The admission notes of 1681 medical admissions to four tertiary care teaching hospitals across Australia and New Zealand were reviewed retrospectively for frequency and nature of resuscitation documentation and its association with mortality, LOS and primary diagnosis. Results: Resuscitation orders were documented in 741 patients (44.7%). For the 232 patients with a Not For Resuscitation (NFR) order, the in-hospital mortality rate was higher than in control patients (14% vs. 1.2%, P < 0.005). The mortality rate remained significantly higher in the NFR group after propensity matching of the controls for age and co-morbidity (14% vs. 5%, P < 0.005). The death-adjusted LOS for the NFR group was also significantly higher compared to the control patients (9.7 days vs. 4.7 days...

O uso da máscara laríngea pelo enfermeiro na ressuscitação cardiopulmonar: revisão integrativa da literatura; Nursing use of laryngeal masks in cardiopulmonary resuscitation: an integrative literature review; El uso de la mascarilla laríngea por el enfermero en la reanimación cardiopulmonar: revisión integradora de la literatura

PEDERSOLI, Cesar Eduardo; DALRI, Maria Célia Barcellos; SILVEIRA, Renata Cristina Pereira de Campos; CHIANCA, Tânia Couto Machado; CYRILLO, Regilene Molina Zacaleri; GALVÃO, Cristina Maria
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Programa de Pós Graduação em Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
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O objetivo do estudo foi identificar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre a abordagem de vias aéreas por meio da inserção da máscara laríngea pelo enfermeiro, na ressuscitação cardiopulmonar, em pacientes adultos. O referencial teórico-metodológico utilizado foi a Prática Baseada em Evidências. Foi utilizada a revisão integrativa da literatura com o propósito de reunir e sintetizar o conhecimento existente sobre a temática proposta. As bases acessadas foram: LILACS, PUBMED, CINAHL e COCHRANE, com os descritores controlados "laryngeal masks", "cardiopulmonary resuscitation" e "nursing", sendo selecionados 18 estudos. Os resultados evidenciaram que a máscara laríngea é de fundamental importância para manejo de vias aéreas em situações críticas, necessita de treinamento para sua utilização e mostrou-se eficaz, atingindo taxas de sucesso próximas a 100%. O grande impacto dos estudos publicados na década de 90 foi evidenciado nas diretrizes de ressuscitação cardiopulmonar publicadas em 2005, pois as embasaram, e foram citados nas mesmas.; This study aimed to identify available evidence in literature about airway management by nurses through the insertion of the laryngeal mask during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in adult patients. In order to do so...

Do our newly graduated medical doctors have adequate knowledge about neonatal resuscitation?

Carlotti,Ana Paula de Carvalho Panzeri; Ferlin,Maria Lúcia Silveira; Martinez,Francisco Eulógio
Fonte: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM Publicador: Associação Paulista de Medicina - APM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/05/2007 EN
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CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Neonatal resuscitation should be part of medical school curriculums. We aimed to evaluate medical school graduates' knowledge of neonatal resuscitation. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study on the performance of candidates sitting a medical residency exam at Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, in 2004. METHODS: There were two questions on neonatal resuscitation. One question in the theory test aimed at evaluating basic knowledge on the initial approach towards newly born infants. The question in the practical exam was designed to evaluate the candidate's ability to perform the initial steps of resuscitation and to establish bag-mask ventilation. RESULTS: Out of 642 candidates from 74 medical schools, 151 (23.5%) answered the theory question correctly. Significantly more physicians from public medical schools in the State of São Paulo answered correctly than did those from other schools in Brazil (52.5% versus 9.2%; p < 0.05). A total of 436 candidates did the practical exam. The grades among graduates from medical schools belonging to the State of São Paulo were significantly higher than among those from other schools (5.9 ± 2.6 versus 4.1 ± 2.1; p < 0.001). The grades for the practical question among candidates who had answered the theory question correctly were significantly higher than those obtained by candidates who had given wrong answers (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Medical school graduates' knowledge of neonate resuscitation in the delivery room is quite precarious. Emphasis on neonatal resuscitation training is urgently needed in medical schools.

The Effectiveness of a 'Train the Trainer' Model of Resuscitation Education for Rural Peripheral Hospital Doctors in Sri Lanka

Rajapakse, Bishan N.; Neeman, Teresa; Dawson, Andrew H.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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BACKGROUND Sri Lankan rural doctors based in isolated peripheral hospitals routinely resuscitate critically ill patients but have difficulty accessing training. We tested a train-the-trainer model that could be utilised in isolated rural hospitals. METHODS Eight selected rural hospital non-specialist doctors attended a 2-day instructor course. These "trained trainers" educated their colleagues in advanced cardiac life support at peripheral hospital workshops and we tested their students in resuscitation knowledge and skills pre and post training, and at 6- and 12-weeks. Knowledge was assessed through 30 multiple choice questions (MCQ), and resuscitation skills were assessed by performance in a video recorded simulated scenario of a cardiac arrest using a Resuci Anne Skill Trainer mannequin. RESULTS/DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION Fifty seven doctors were trained. Pre and post training assessment was possible in 51 participants, and 6-week and 12-week follow up was possible for 43, and 38 participants respectively. Mean MCQ scores significantly improved over time (p<0.001), and a significant improvement was noted in "average ventilation volume", "compression count", and "compressions with no error", "adequate depth", "average depth", and "compression rate" (p<0.01). The proportion of participants with compression depth ≥40mm increased post intervention (p<0.05) and at 12-week follow up (p<0.05)...