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A resource management scenario for traditional and scientific management of pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus paulensis) in the Patos Lagoon estuary (RS), Brazil

Moura, Gustavo Goulart Moreira ; Kalikoski, Daniela Coswig ; Diegues, Antonio Carlos Sant Ana
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual da USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
Abstract Background This article aims to discuss the incorporation of traditional time in the construction of a management scenario for pink shrimp in the Patos Lagoon estuary (RS), Brazil. To meet this objective, two procedures have been adopted; one at a conceptual level and another at a methodological level. At the conceptual level, the concept of traditional time as a form of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) was adopted. Method At the methodological level, we conduct a wide literature review of the scientific knowledge (SK) that guides recommendations for pink shrimp management by restricting the fishing season in the Patos Lagoon estuary; in addition, we review the ethno-scientific literature which describes traditional calendars as a management base for artisanal fishers in the Patos Lagoon estuary. Results Results demonstrate that TEK and SK describe similar estuarine biological processes, but are incommensurable at a resource management level. On the other hand...

Contribuições da gestão de recursos humanos para a evolução da gestão ambiental empresarial: survey e estudo de múltiplos casos; Contributions of human resource management along the evolution stages of environmental management in companies: survey and study of multiple cases

Jabbour, Charbel José Chiappetta
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/12/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
O propósito desta tese é analisar as contribuições da gestão de recursos humanos ao longo dos estágios evolutivos da gestão ambiental empresarial. Para tanto, realizou-se uma fundamentação teórica sobre a evolução da gestão ambiental nas empresas e sobre como as principais dimensões funcionais e competitivas da gestão de recursos humanos podem contribuir com os objetivos de gestão ambiental. Esta fundamentação teórica apoiou o desenvolvimento de uma triangulação da pesquisa empírica, pautada em duas fases complementares. Na primeira delas, dados foram coletados junto a 94 empresas possuidoras de certificação ISO 14001, para posterior análise e processamento, por meio de técnicas estatísticas descritivas, de correlação e de análise fatorial, gerando diretrizes analíticas relevantes para subsidiar a segunda fase da pesquisa empírica. Essa segunda fase constou da realização de um estudo de múltiplos casos junto a quatro empresas para a análise em profundidade das contribuições da gestão de recursos humanos para a gestão ambiental empresarial. Os resultados permitem constatar que a evolução da gestão ambiental empresarial requer o apoio de diferentes dimensões da gestão de recursos humanos, em termos de quantidade e intensidade das interações estabelecidas.; The purpose of this research is to analyze the contributions of human resources management along the evolution stages of environmental management in companies. Thus a theoretical framework about environmental management and its evolution and the greening of the functional and competitive dimensions of human resource management was elaborated. This revision of literature supports the development of a triangular empirical research which is developed in two complimentary phases. In the first phase...

A abordagem geracional como proposta à gestão de pessoas; Generational approach as a proposal to human resource management

Silva, Rodrigo Cunha da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/11/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Na literatura sobre gerações, é comum encontrar três classificações baseadas em idade: a geração Baby boomers, a geração X e a geração Y. Paralelamente, estudiosos têm mencionado que empregados pertencentes a diferentes grupos de faixas etárias que atuam em uma mesma organização tendem a possuir distintas expectativas e sistemas de valores. Essas diferenças têm o potencial de se refletirem na percepção dos profissionais sobre o ambiente de trabalho. Por outro lado, é possível supor que organizações com diferentes sistemas de gestão de pessoas apresentem particularidades na maneira de gerenciar pessoas de diferentes idades. Com base em tais reflexões, o objetivo geral desta pesquisa consiste em analisar as implicações das diferenças ou similaridades geracionais sobre a gestão de pessoas de empresas com características diversas. Para o cumprimento de tal objetivo, foram adotados, em sequência, dois focos de análise. No primeiro, foi considerado o delineamento metodológico da pesquisa de levantamento, com o propósito de aferir a percepção dos empregados das 150 Melhores Empresas Para Você Trabalhar. Nesta etapa da pesquisa, a técnica de análise fatorial confirmatória foi empregada para avaliar a validade e identificação dos fatores do ambiente de trabalho. Já para verificar a existência dessas diferenças nas percepções...

Gestão estratégica de pessoas: um estudo de caso sobre o alinhamento estratégico; Strategic human resource management: a case study on strategic alignment

Foroni, Paula Gabriela
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 03/10/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Este trabalho tem o objetivo de identificar o alinhamento estratégico de gestão de gestão de pessoas através de seu sistema de RH, pacote dinâmico de políticas e práticas de gestão de pessoas que é desenhado para atingir os objetivos organizacionais. Para compreensão do alinhamento estratégico é necessário analisar a relação interna das práticas de RH, a relação do sistema de RH com os objetivos de gestão de pessoas e também co os objetivos organizacionais. Identificar os pontos de alinhamento e desalinhamento dessas relações pode contribuir para que a estratégia organizacional seja mais facilmente atingida. A relação entre a estratégia de gestão de pessoas e a estratégia organizacional pode ser considerada interativa e multidirecional visto que ambas se influenciam mutuamente e recebem e exercem influencia sobre os fatores internos e externos da organização. Nesta relação, a flexibilidade e a sinergia nas configurações dos recursos internos (processos, sistemas, estrutura, etc) são fatores determinantes. O esforço, de ajuste constante entre a estratégia organizacional, sua relação com o mercado e os recursos internos é chamado de alinhamento estratégico. Buscando identificar o alinhamento estratégico de gestão de pessoas...

Gestão estratégica de pessoas e capacidade de inovação no setor industrial; Strategic human resource management and innovation capacity in the industry sector

Quishida, Alessandra
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/05/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
Este estudo de natureza exploratória-descritiva versa sobre contribuições de fatores de estímulo para a capacidade de inovação sob a perspectiva da gestão estratégica de pessoas. O problema da pesquisa foi: em que medida a gestão estratégica de pessoas pode contribuir para a capacidade de inovação no setor industrial? Foram formulados três objetivos de investigação: identificar indicadores de gestão estratégicas de pessoas, identificar indicadores de capacidade de inovação e analisar as contribuições da gestão estratégica de pessoas para a capacidade de inovação. Foi realizada pesquisa bibliográfica, por meio da qual se obtiveram características e indicadores utilizados na pesquisa empírica conduzida sob o método quantitativo. Foram feitos 1.034 com profissionais responsáveis pela gestão de projetos de pesquisa, desenvolvimento e inovação, sendo que 39 participaram do levantamento. Foi confirmada a hipótese geral do estudo, que gestão estratégica de pessoas está associada com capacidade de inovação. Também foi confirmada uma hipótese específica, que liderança e gestão é a característica de gestão estratégica de pessoas que esteve mais fortemente associada com capacidade de inovação. Foram propostas sugestões de continuidade da pesquisa e novas pesquisas relacionadas ao tema.; This study focuses on stimulus factors' contributions for innovation management. Its research problem was "to what extent strategic human resource management can contribute to innovation capacity in the industrial sector?" The three objectives of this study were: identifying innovation capacity antecedents from the perspective of strategic human resource management; identifying innovation capacity indicators; and analyzing the contributions of strategic human resource management for innovation capacity. In order to identify innovation capacity antecedents...

Maintenance Resource Management MRM

Conde, João
Fonte: Repositório Comum de Portugal Publicador: Repositório Comum de Portugal
Tipo: Outros
Publicado em //2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Dado o acréscimo considerável de acidentes aeronáuticos que têm na sua génese o erro humano em ambiente de manutenção aeronáutica, surge a necessidade de conhecer os fatores que contribuem para as falhas de manutenção, supervisão e inspeção e encontrar soluções adequadas à respetiva resolução. Neste trabalho, demonstrou-se que os programas de Maintenance Resource Management (MRM) visam, através de um maior esclarecimento do indivíduo sobre Fatores Humanos, garantir a mutação das suas atitudes e comportamentos. Em função dos dados obtidos e respetiva análise à luz dos conceitos teóricos e melhores práticas, concluiu-se do impacto positivo que esta iniciativa poderá ter na Segurança de Voo da Força Aérea Portuguesa e da pertinência da sua implementação. Quanto à melhor forma de endereçar o treino inicial e recorrente de Fatores Humanos em ambiente de manutenção aeronáutica, recomenda-se a estruturação de um programa integrado de MRM de raiz, que beneficie da experiência de outras Organizações na implementação de programas desta natureza e que seja passível de acomodar as necessidades específicas de cada Unidade da Força Aérea Portuguesa. Como resultado deste trabalho de investigação foram identificadas algumas das áreas de intervenção mais críticas na Força Aérea Portuguesa...

Operating system-level on-chip resource management in the multicore era

Zhang, Xiao (1982 - ); Dwarkadas, Sandhya
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:xvii, 128 leaves
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester. Dept. of Computer Science, 2010.; CPU manufactures are trending toward designs with multiple cores on a chip in order to continue to scale with technology. One common feature of these multicore chips is resource sharing among sibling cores that sit on the same chip, such as shared last level cache and memory bandwidth. Without careful management, such sharing could open a loophole in terms of performance, fairness, and security concerns. My dissertation addresses resource management issues on multicore chips at the operating system level. Specifically, I introduce three techniques to control resource usage and study a variety of resource management policies that consider fairness, quality of service, performance, or power. First, I propose a hot-page coloring approach that enforces cache partitioning on only a small set of frequently accessed (or hot) pages to segregate most interthread cache conflicts. Cache colors are allocated using miss ratio curves. The cost of identifying hot pages online is reduced by leveraging knowledge of spatial locality during a page table scan of access bits. Hotness-based page coloring greatly alleviates the disadvantages of naive page coloring (memory allocation constraint and recoloring overhead) in practice. Second...

Household Welfare and Natural Resource Management around National Parks in Zambia

Bandyopadhyay, Sushenjit; Tembo, Gelson
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
Game management areas in Zambia aim to combine nature conservation with economic empowerment of rural households. By looking at households inside and outside game management areas, this study advances the knowledge of the impact of community based natural resource management on household welfare. The paper focuses on the economic welfare of households living inside game management areas. It tries to answer the question: Do the households in game management areas enjoy higher levels of welfare relative to the conditions they would have been in had the area not been designated as a game management area? Within the game management area, the paper tries to determine the factors that influence household participation in natural resource management, and whether the participating households get any extra benefits. Also of interest is whether such benefits of living in a game management area, and, once in such an area, those of participating accrue more to the poorer segments of the communities. The study finds that the gains from living in a game management area and from active participation in natural resource management are large but unevenly distributed. Only game management areas near Kasanka...

West Africa : Community Based Natural Resource Management

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
This has to be accomplished against a background of high illiteracy rates, rapidly growing populations, low and erratic rainfall, inherently infertile soils, and development strategies which have had a strong urban bias. Under such conditions, traditional production systems are unable to sustain the population. Without significant change, land degradation will accelerate and the natural resource base on which agricultural production depends will continue to decline. The efforts made in the 1970s and 1980s to tackle this problem were not particularly successful. They tended to focus too much on production and did not attempt to involve the local population in decision-making and management. Drawing on the lessons learned from these projects, governments, and donors initiated a new generation of community-based, decentralized, multi sectoral Natural Resource Management (NRM) projects. Starting as a series of pilot operations in the late 1980s, this approach sought to ensure local community participation in the identification development and implementation of NRM projects...

Fuzzy Modeling and Control Based Virtual Machine Resource Management

Wang, Lixi
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
Virtual machines (VMs) are powerful platforms for building agile datacenters and emerging cloud systems. However, resource management for a VM-based system is still a challenging task. First, the complexity of application workloads as well as the interference among competing workloads makes it difficult to understand their VMs’ resource demands for meeting their Quality of Service (QoS) targets; Second, the dynamics in the applications and system makes it also difficult to maintain the desired QoS target while the environment changes; Third, the transparency of virtualization presents a hurdle for guest-layer application and host-layer VM scheduler to cooperate and improve application QoS and system efficiency. This dissertation proposes to address the above challenges through fuzzy modeling and control theory based VM resource management. First, a fuzzy-logic-based nonlinear modeling approach is proposed to accurately capture a VM’s complex demands of multiple types of resources automatically online based on the observed workload and resource usages. Second, to enable fast adaption for resource management, the fuzzy modeling approach is integrated with a predictive-control-based controller to form a new Fuzzy Modeling Predictive Control (FMPC) approach which can quickly track the applications’ QoS targets and optimize the resource allocations under dynamic changes in the system. Finally...

Mainstreaming resource conservation: the Fiji Locally Managed Marine Area Network and its influence on National Policy Development

Veitayaki, Joeli; Aalbersberg, Bill; Tawake, Alifereti; Rupeni, Etika; Tabunakawai, Kesaia
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 245654 bytes; 354 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.17%
The experience of the Fiji Locally Managed Marine Areas (FLMMA) network provides an illustration of how to mainstream community-based resource management practices that began with local communities, and were in-turn supported by a Government which has witnessed the success of community-based intervention. To improve the success of conservation in the communities and attract attention to its approach, FLMMA formed a learning portfolio. This is a network of projects that use a common strategy to achieve a common end and agree to work together to collect, test and communicate information about the conditions under which the strategy works, to enable the partners to exchange ideas and experiences. The learning portfolio enhances collaboration and also ensures that lessons learnt are shared widely with people in the network. FLMMA is working to increase the effectiveness of conservation and to ensure that the involvement of people in the management of their marine resources is both satisfying and meaningful. Modern science is an important part of the FLMMA approach because it is used to demonstrate the effects of the use of traditional resource management practices. Using simple biological, social, and economic monitoring methods, the villagers are collecting impressive results on resources and habitat recovery and the associated social and economic improvements in living conditions. The objectives of improving conservation to protect biodiversity and improve people’s living conditions are important features of the kind of community-based resource conservation that is now being undertaken in the Pacific and Asia region. The objectives are also consistent with national policies for inshore fisheries development and global concerns about poverty alleviation. The success of community-based conservation in different parts of Fiji has resulted in long-term support from the communities. It has also facilitated the articulation of Government fisheries development policies. The Government has set up a new conservation unit and has formalised its support...

Commensurability of scientific and indigenous ecological knowledge in coastal Melanesia: implications for contemporary marine resource management strategies

Foale, Simon
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 251847 bytes; 354 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.13%
Fundamental ontological differences between scientific and indigenous ecological knowledge systems in coastal Melanesia have resulted in very different conclusions being drawn from similar sets of observations. The same inductive logic may lead both scientists and non-science-trained fishers to conclude that, say, square-tail trout aggregate at a certain phase of the moon in a certain reef passage, but different assumptions derived from disparate ontologies (in this case “traditional” Melanesian versus scientific) may lead to very different conclusions about why the fish are there. In some cases these differences have significant implications for the way marine resources are exploited, and managed (or not). Examples are presented here of non-scientific ontologies that underpin local beliefs about the biology or ecology of fished organisms that have led to poor management of stocks of these species. The potential for scientific education to “fill gaps” in indigenous knowledge systems (and vice versa) and thus lead to improved management is discussed in the light of some claims that scientific and traditional knowledge systems are incommensurable. The heuristic value of the purported absence of a (Cartesian) dualistic separation of nature and culture in traditional Melanesian cosmologies (relative to those of industrialised Western cultures) is explored with regard to indigenous conceptions of human agency over resource abundance...

Bridging the gap: recognising the role of community in natural resource management.

Cosgrove, Karen Anne
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2010
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
This study illustrates the need for purposeful community engagement, the significance of social capital and governance and the need for landholders to participate in the decision-making process regarding natural resource management. It recognises that while the contribution of social science to community based natural resource management has been significant over recent times; consideration of the links between government discourse and the generally less than favourable outcomes of community based natural resource management has been at the most, minimal. The study consists of a comparative study of two contrasting communities and two natural resource management projects. One study focuses on the role of the regional NRM Board for the South Australian Arid Lands and its endeavour to engage with and assess outback communities in the region to undertake natural resource management. The second study examines the attempts of a government authority to engage with a rural community so as to administer a rehabilitation project of their lands. Buy undertaking a comparative study of these two communities this thesis examines (1) the belief that strong networks, trust and transparency are prerequisites for the management of community based projects...

Social Assessment in Natural Resource Management Institutions

Dale, Allan P.; Taylor, N.; Lane, Marcus B.
Fonte: CSIRO Publishing Publicador: CSIRO Publishing
Tipo: Livro
Publicado em //2001 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
This book is the first significant international attempt to outline and analyse how social assessment has been integrated within natural resource management institutions. In doing so, it focuses on contemporary Australian and New Zealand experiences, and relates these back to the international context [with a chapter each on South Africa and California].; Part I. Introduction to social assessment in natural resource institutions: [1]. Social assessment in natural resource management: promise, potentiality and practice -- Part II. Institutionalising social assessment in the global context: [2]. The international institutionalisation of social impact assessment; [3]. Institutionalising social assessment at the World Bank; [4]. The institutionalisation of social assessment in South Africa: the post-apartheid window of opportunity; [5]. Assessing environmental justice: social assessment lessons from the California Energy Commission's sitting process -- Part III. Institutionalising social assessment at the national level: [6]. Social assessment in New Zealand resource management; [7]. Limitation and opportunity: the institutional basis for social assessment in natural resource management in Australia; [8]. Social assessment and resource management at the Australian federal level: trapped in an epistemiological corner?; [9]. Reframing the nature and scope of social impact assessment: psychological and social (psychosocial) impacts -- Part IV. Institutionalising social assessment at the provincial level: [10]. Institutionalising social assessment in Queensland: the Social Impact Assessment Unit 1993-1996; [11]. The Western Australian Social Impact Unit 1989-1993: nicety or necessity?; [12]. Social assessment in New South Wales and the 2000 Olympics: a great leap forward? -- Part V. Institutionalising social assessment at the local level: [13]. Social impact assessment in the Australian Capital Territory; [14]. Institutionalising social impact assessment in Australian local government: a practitioner's perspective from Brisbane City Countil...

Rural households and resource management in Papua New Guinea

Gustafsson, Berit
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 64888 bytes; 354 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.13%
In this paper I intend to focus on women’s role in the development process in Papua New Guinea, in particular, what I think has contributed to the neglect of women’s traditional roles and their knowledge in, for example, agriculture and resource management in development projects. I want to suggest some alternative methods that may eventually contribute to the inclusion of women in decision-making and the planning of projects that so far have focused primarily on men. Nowadays, development projects are usually preceded and accompanied by a gender awareness analysis, and there has been a growing focus on women’s productive roles and the integration of women into the national economy. However, in the final stages of project planning, development planners and donor agencies still seem to remain ignorant of, or refuse to acknowledge, indigenous social and economic structures. I would argue that the reason why they fail to understand indigenous structures, and the roles that men and women play in the local society, depends on which model is applied in the gender awareness analysis. Ideas about gender roles often reflect the development planner’s own views of gender roles in Western society, and not in the one being studied. However...

Learning in sustainable natural resource management: challenges and opportunities in the Pacific

Keen, Meg; Mahanty, Sango
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 28 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
The importance of learning in natural resource management (NRM) is being recognized by an increasing number of scholars and practitioners. A learning approach to NRM applies principles and theories of adult, organizational and social learning, and is underpinned by three core elements – systems thinking, negotiation and reflection. By combining learning theories with concepts from adaptive management, co-management, and participatory resource management, this article explores how the explicit inclusion of learning principles and processes can strengthen community based natural resource management. Case studies from the South Pacific are used to draw out lessons for the wider application of learning approaches to NRM.

Niger : Towards Water Resource Management

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
The study reviews Niger's water resources, and planning process, through its short- and medium-term water investment program, and priorities in the water supply, and sanitation sector. Critical challenges are examined for improving its complex water resources management to support economic growth, given its landlocked situation, with diffuse, and mostly rural population, and immense, untapped fossil aquifer supplies. Despite multiple surface water basins, very little precipitation occur, thus the government has recently undertaken a ten-year process of preparing a water resource management investment strategy, one that requires financial resources currently unavailable. Information and data management, institutional arrangements, and the legal, and regulatory framework is analyzed to achieve a feasible master plan, and strengthen implications for the water sub-sectors. Recommendations suggest the development of financing mechanisms, consistent with sustainable management of water resources, in line with strengthening water data collection...

The status quo of research on South Africa's water resource management institutions

Meissner,Richard; Funke,Nikki; Nienaber,Shanna; Ntombela,Cebile
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
The South African water resource management institutional landscape has seen some dramatic changes since the new dispensation came into power in 1994. Not only have legislation and policies changed, but there has also been a significant increase in the number of non-state actors in the policy development process. Water resource governance has therefore become more complex and its regulatory component is being implemented by a number of legislative institutions: catchment management agencies, water user associations, irrigation boards, and international water management bodies. Policy development is influenced by a myriad of non-state actors, scientists included. A comprehensive literature review of research on water resource management institutions published between 1997 and 2011 shows that scientists are focusing predominantly on catchment management agencies and aspects regarding their institutionalisation and organisational functionality. There is much less of a focus on other entities, such as advisory committees, international water management bodies, irrigation boards, the water tribunal and water user associations. What the review has also revealed is that research on water resource management institutions has been conducted predominantly by scientists from the natural sciences. There is therefore an evident need for a research focus on water resource management institutions other than catchment management agencies. In addition...

Integrated water resource management in complex systems: how the catchment management strategies seek to achieve sustainability and equity in water resources in South Africa

Pollard,Sharon; du Toit,Derick
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
It is increasingly evident amongst practitioners and academics alike that the management approaches of the past have failed to deal adequately with the challenges posed by complex and rapidly changing systems. Indeed the call for integrated approaches such as those embodied in integrated water resource management (IWRM) reflects such concerns. This is because these systems are characterised by complexity in which an understanding of linkages, multiple drivers and unpredictable outcomes is critical. It is also widely recognised that the management of such systems requires an iterative, 'learning-by-doing' approach that is reflexive in nature and builds learning into the next management cycle. We suggest that any attempt to define and implement viable and effective governance of water resources, as well as rehabilitation measures, requires understanding that catchments are complex systems showing the aforementioned characteristics. As a corollary, an adaptive management approach appears best suited to such conditions. In this paper we argue that South Africa's highly-acclaimed National Water Act and associated policy documents such as the National Water Resource Strategy is an example of a policy document that reflects this thinking...

Framework for local government to implement integrated water resource management linked to water service delivery

Haigh,EH; Fox,HE; Davies-Coleman,HD
Fonte: Water SA Publicador: Water SA
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.17%
The Water Services Act (No. 8 of 1997) of South Africa states that water service delivery is the responsibility of local government as Water Services Authorities. The principal legal responsibility is to complete a Water Services Development Plan (WSDP) every 5 years with annual review. The WSDP encapsulates all the responsibilities and tasks required in water service delivery. However, it does not spell out local government's role in water resource protection or its responsibilities as far as integrated water resource management is concerned. It is well known in South Africa that there is a challenging level of inadequate capacity in technical and administrative skills in local government to adequately fulfil water service delivery. This paper highlights the consequences of this incapacity for municipalities and their difficulties in fulfilling their responsibilities as service providers. A framework is provided within which improvements can be brought about, with guidance on how to engage in the practice of integrated water resource management (IWRM) in the context of the legal framework for water services. The additional tasks and changes required to practise IWRM are set in the context of the WSDP. The framework provides a guide for a municipality to first accomplish an adequate WSDP...