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A review of cardiopulmonary research in brazilian medical journals: clinical, surgical and epidemiological data

SERRANO, Carlos; SILVA, Mauricio Rocha e
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.62%
Research in the field of cardiopulmonary disease in Brazil has been very active in recent decades. The combination of PUBMED, SCieLO, open access and online searching has provided a significant increase in the visibility of Brazilian journals. This newly acquired international visibility has in turn resulted in the appearance of more original research reports in the Brazilian scientific press. This review is intended to highlight part of this work for the benefit of the readers of "Clinics." We searched through PUBMED for noteworthy articles published in Brazilian medical journals included in the Journal of Citation Reports of the Institute of Scientific Information to better expose them to our readership. The following journals were examined: "Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia," "Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia," "Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Reviews," "Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia," "Jornal de Pediatria," "Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular," "Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira," Revista da Escola de Enfermagem U.S.P." and "São Paulo Medical Journal." These journals publish original investigations in the field of cardiopulmonary disease. The search produced 71 references...

Traços das formações discursivas do dogma e da investigação em relatórios de pesquisa e de estágio: reflexão sobre o papel da pesquisa na formação docente.; Traces of the discursive formations of dogma and of the investigation on research reports and training reports: a reflection about the role of research in teacher education.

Eufrásio, Daniela Aparecida
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/10/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.8%
Esta dissertação apresenta a análise de relatórios de pesquisa e de estágio elaborados por alunos graduandos em Letras. Os relatórios de pesquisa constituintes do corpus foram produzidos tendo em vista o contexto de Iniciação Científica, no qual estes relatos são exigidos periodicamente pelas agências de fomento à pesquisa. Os relatórios de estágio foram entregues como trabalhos de conclusão da disciplina Metodologia do Ensino de Português, da Faculdade de Educação da Universidade de São Paulo. O objetivo na análise deste material foi perceber de que modo duas formas diferentes de lidar com o conhecimento podem influenciar na formação de um mesmo sujeito. A hipótese que nos levou a fazer esta reflexão é a de que quando o graduando em Letras vivencia o lugar de pesquisador, participando de um processo investigativo no qual ele lida com o conhecimento de forma "curiosa", isto é, assumindo uma postura ativa em relação ao objeto de conhecimento, ele levará isso para outras práticas, inclusive para a prática pedagógica, em que o conhecimento é tomado como objeto de ensino. Sendo assim, o que almejamos com esta dissertação é contribuir, por meio da análise de relatórios de pesquisa e de estágio, para a discussão sobre como a realização de pesquisa...

Potential use of the veris apparent EC sensor to predict soil texture under the semi-arid conditions of central Arizona

Oguri, Guilherme; Andrade-Sanchez, Pedro; Heun, John T.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 4034-4041
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.68%
The operational details of the apparent electrical conductivity (ECa) sensor manufactured by Veris Technologies have been extensively documented in literature reports, but the geographical distribution of these research studies indicate a strong regional concentration in the US Mid-west and Southern states. The agricultural lands of these states diverge significantly to the soil conditions and water regime of irrigated land in the US South-western states such as Arizona where there is no previous research reports of the use of this particular sensor. The objectives of the present study were to analyze the performance of this sensor under the conditions of typical soils in irrigated farms of Central Arizona. We tested under static conditions the performance of the sensor on three soils of contrasting texture. Observations were collected as time series data as soil moisture changed from saturation to permanent wilting point. Observations were repeated at the hours of lowest and highest temperatures. In addition, this study included soil penetration resistance and salinity determinations. Preliminary results indicate that soil temperature of the upper layer caused the most dynamic change in the sensor output. The ECa curves of the three soil textures tested had well defined distinctive characteristics. Final multivariate analysis is pending.

A review of cardiopulmonary research in brazilian medical journals: clinical, surgical and epidemiological data

Serrano,Carlos; Silva,Mauricio Rocha e
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.62%
Research in the field of cardiopulmonary disease in Brazil has been very active in recent decades. The combination of PUBMED, SCieLO, open access and online searching has provided a significant increase in the visibility of Brazilian journals. This newly acquired international visibility has in turn resulted in the appearance of more original research reports in the Brazilian scientific press. This review is intended to highlight part of this work for the benefit of the readers of "Clinics." We searched through PUBMED for noteworthy articles published in Brazilian medical journals included in the Journal of Citation Reports of the Institute of Scientific Information to better expose them to our readership. The following journals were examined: "Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia," "Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia," "Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Reviews," "Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia," "Jornal de Pediatria," "Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular," "Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira," Revista da Escola de Enfermagem U.S.P." and "São Paulo Medical Journal." These journals publish original investigations in the field of cardiopulmonary disease. The search produced 71 references...

The Interpretation of Phrases Used to Describe Uncertainty in Pathology Reports

Galloway, Malcolm; Taiyeb, Taj
Fonte: SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research Publicador: SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.65%
Histopathological reports frequently contain phrases describing the degree of uncertainty of the diagnosis. We examined the interpretations of such terms by cellular pathologists, other doctors, and medical students. 203 respondents estimated the degree of certainty they would associate with the following phrases in a cellular pathology report: the features are indicative of; raise the possibility of; are compatible with; are probably those of; are diagnostic of; are in keeping with; and are suggestive of. For all phrases assessed other than “diagnostic of”, all groups showed a wide spread in the interpreted probability. For example, the probability associated with the term “in keeping with” by individual consultant pathologists ranged from 25 to 100%. This study demonstrates that pathologists vary widely in how they interpret the meaning of phrases describing probability that are commonly used in pathology reports. We suggest that this potential risk is highlighted during pathology training.

25-year Analysis of a Dental Undergraduate Research Training Program (BSc Dent) at the University of Manitoba Faculty of Dentistry

Scott, J.; de Vries, J.; Lacopino, A.
Fonte: Inter Amer Assoc Dental Research Publicador: Inter Amer Assoc Dental Research
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.66%
Research in the context of the dental school has traditionally been focused on institutional/faculty accomplishments and generating new knowledge to benefit the profession. Only recently have significant efforts been made to expand the overall research programming into the formal dental curriculum, to provide students with a baseline exposure to the research and critical thinking processes, encourage evidence-based decision-making, and stimulate interest in academic/research careers. Various approaches to curriculum reform and the establishment of multiple levels of student research opportunities are now part of the educational fabric of many dental schools worldwide. Many of the preliminary reports regarding the success and vitality of these programs have used outcomes measures and metrics that emphasize cultural changes within institutions, student research productivity, and student career preferences after graduation. However, there have not been any reports from long-standing programs (a minimum of 25 years of cumulative data) that describe dental school graduates who have had the benefit of research/training experiences during their dental education. The University of Manitoba Faculty of Dentistry initiated a BSc Dent program in 1980 that awarded a formal degree for significant research experiences taking place within the laboratories of the Faculty-based researchers and has continued to develop and expand this program. The success of the program has been demonstrated by the continued and increasing demands for entry...

Use of Journal Citation Reports for Serials Management in Research Libraries: An Investigation of the Effect of Self-Citation on Journal Rankings in Library and Information Science and Genetics

Nisonger, Thomas E.
Fonte: Association of College & Research Libraries Publicador: Association of College & Research Libraries
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 685318 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.65%
This article explores the use of the Institute for Scientific Information’s Journal Citation Reports (JCR) for journal management in academic libraries. The advantages and disadvantages to using JCR citation data for journal management are outlined, and a literature review summa- rizes reported uses of these data by libraries and scholars. This study researches the impact of journal self-citation on JCR rankings of library and information science (LIS) and genetics journals. The 1994 rankings by impact factor and total citations received were recalculated with jour- nal self-citations removed; then the recalculated rankings were com- pared to the original rankings to analyze the effect of self-citations. It is concluded that librarians can use JCR data without correcting for jour- nal self-citation, although self-citations do exert a major effect on the rankings for a small number of journals.

Summary of Research 1995, Department of Operations Research

Faculty of the Department of Operations Research, Naval Postgraduate School
Fonte: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.53%
The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.; This report contains 40 summaries of research projects in the Department of Operations Research which were carried out under funding of the Naval Postgraduate School Research Program. A list of recent publications is also included which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, and technical reports.

Summary of Research 1996, Department of Operations Research

Faculty of the Department of Operations Research, Naval Postgraduate School
Fonte: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.53%
The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.; This report contains summaries of research projects in the Department of Operations Research. A list of recent publications is also included which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, technical reports, and thesis abstracts.

Summary of Research 1998, Department of Operations Research

Faculty of the Department of Operations Research, Naval Postgraduate School
Fonte: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.53%
The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.; This report contains summaries of research projects in the Department of Operations Research. A list of recent publications is also included which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, technical reports, and thesis abstracts.

Summary of Research 2000, Department of Operations Research

Faculty of the Department of Operations Research, Naval Postgraduate School
Fonte: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.53%
The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or U.S. Government.; This report contains project summaries of the research projects in the Department of Operations Research. A list of recent publications is also included, which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, and technical reports. Thesis abstracts of students advised by faculty in the Department are also included.

Summary of Research 2001, Department of Operations Research

Faculty of the Department of Operations Research, Naval Postgraduate School
Fonte: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.53%
The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or U.S. Government.; This report contains project summaries of the research projects in the Department of Operations Research. A list of recent publications is also included, which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, and technical reports. Thesis abstracts of students advised by faculty in the Department are also included.

Technical editing of research reports in biomedical journals

Wager, E.; Middleton, P.
Fonte: Update Software Ltd Publicador: Update Software Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.69%
Background Most journals try to improve their articles by technical editing processes such as proof-reading, editing to conform to 'house styles', grammatical conventions and checking accuracy of cited references. Despite the considerable resources devoted to technical editing, we do not know whether it improves the accessibility of biomedical research findings or the utility of articles. This is an update of a Cochrane methodology review first published in 2003. Objectives To assess the effects of technical editing on research reports in peer-reviewed biomedical journals, and to assess the level of accuracy of references to these reports. Search strategy We searched The Cochrane Library Issue 2, 2007; MEDLINE (last searched July 2006); EMBASE (last searched June 2007) and checked relevant articles for further references. We also searched the Internet and contacted researchers and experts in the field. Selection criteria Prospective or retrospective comparative studies of technical editing processes applied to original research articles in biomedical journals, as well as studies of reference accuracy. Data collection and analysis Two review authors independently assessed each study against the selection criteria and assessed the methodological quality of each study. One review author extracted the data...

The World Bank Research Program 2000 : Abstracts of Current Studies

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.66%
The World Bank research program seeks to improve the design of Bank-financed projects, and programs to increase the effectiveness of aid, and improve recognition of emerging problems, in a responsive manner to crises. Moreover, this program supports policy-oriented research in developing, and transition economies, by assisting in the development of research capacity in member countries, as well as improving the Bank's own advisory role capacity. The report is the annual compendium of current Bank research (FY00), with abstracts covering 173 research projects, grouped as follows: 1) poverty, and social welfare, including equity, demographics, and health/nutrition; 2) education and labor markets; 3) environmentally sustainable development, including energy, agriculture, natural resources, and environmental economics; 4) infrastructure, and urban development; 5) macroeconomics, including adjustment, monetary, and fiscal policy; 6) international economics, including debt, trade, and finance; 7) domestic finance...

An Evaluation of World Bank Research, 1998-2005

Banerjee, Abhijit; Deaton, Angus; Lustig, Nora; Rogoff, Ken; Hsu, Edward
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.67%
This evaluation of World Bank research between 1998 and 2005 was carried out by a panel consisting of Abhijit Banerjee (MIT), Angus Deaton (Princeton, chair), Nora Lustig (UNDP), and Kenneth Rogoff (Harvard.) The panel selected a large random sample of research projects, which were read and assessed by a team of 25 evaluators. Panel members also solicited views from current and past Bank staff, as well as from policy makers and academics in developing countries. Based on the evidence the authors assembled, the interviews the authors conducted, and their own consideration, the panel concluded that the World Bank needs a research department, and that its research needs cannot be fully met by hiring in from the outside. Research is a central part of quality control in the Bank, and is crucial to its claim to be 'Knowledge Bank.' Without a research-based ability to learn from its projects and policies, the Bank could not maintain its role as the world's leading development agency. The 2.5 percent of its administrative budget that the Bank spends on research is surely too low given the multiplicity of tasks that research is expected to fulfill...

Minimum data elements for research reports on CFS☆

Jason, Leonard A.; Unger, Elizabeth R.; Dimitrakoff, Jordan D.; Fagin, Adam P.; Houghton, Michael; Cook, Dane B.; Marshall, Gailen D.; Klimas, Nancy; Snell, Christopher
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.7%
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a debilitating condition that has received increasing attention from researchers in the past decade. However, it has become difficult to compare data collected in different laboratories due to the variability in basic information regarding descriptions of sampling methods, patient characteristics, and clinical assessments. The issue of variability in CFS research was recently highlighted at the NIH’s 2011 State of the Knowledge of CFS meeting prompting researchers to consider the critical information that should be included in CFS research reports. To address this problem, we present our consensus on the minimum data elements that should be included in all CFS research reports, along with additional elements that are currently being evaluated in specific research studies that show promise as important patient descriptors for subgrouping of CFS. These recommendations are intended to improve the consistency of reported methods and the interpretability of reported results. Adherence to minimum standards and increased reporting consistency will allow for better comparisons among published CFS articles, provide guidance for future research and foster the generation of knowledge that can directly benefit the patient.

Supporting Structured Browsing for Full-Text Scientific Research Reports

Allen, Robert B.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 31/08/2012
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.79%
Scientific research is highly structured and some of that structure is reflected in research reports. Traditional scientific research reports are yielding to interactive documents which expose their internal structure and are richly linked to other materials. In these changes, there are opportunities to take advantage of the structure in scientific research reports which previously have not been systematically captured. Thus, we explore ways of capturing more of the structure of research in reports about the research and we use that structure to support the development of a new generation of document browsers which include novel interaction widgets. We apply the browsers incorporating the conceptual modeling framework to full-text research reports from the Public Library of Science (PLoS). In addition, we describe the application of model-oriented constructs to facilitating highly interlinked digital libraries.

Influencia de una intervención educativa basada en la escritura de informes de investigación sobre el aprendizaje conceptual y la transferencia de conocimiento a la interpretación de situaciones

Reigosa Castro, Carlos Emilio
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.61%
En este trabajo se analiza, con alumnos de 4º de ESO, la influencia de la redacción de un informe de investigación en su aprendizaje conceptual y en su transferencia de conocimiento científico a la interpretación de una situación hipotética nueva, hallándose una mejoría significativa en la interpretación de la nueva situación. Mediante una metodología cualitativa se profundiza en el análisis del proceso de redacción de informes de investigación, hallándose evidencias que muestran que proporcionó a los estudiantes del estudio un contexto que favoreció el desarrollo de la capacidad de interpretar situaciones reales y que proporcionó diversos tipos de apoyo para el aprendizaje de los estudiante; The effect in 10th grade students of writing a research report in their conceptual learning and in their transference of scientific knowledge to the interpretation of a hypothetic new situation is analyzed in this work, finding a significant improvement in the interpretation of the new situation. By means of a qualitative methodology, the analysis of writing research reports is deepened, finding evidences which show that it gave to the students of the study a context that favoured the development of their ability to interpret real situations and that provided several kinds of supports for their learning.

A review of cardiopulmonary research in brazilian medical journals: clinical, surgical and epidemiological data

Serrano, Carlos; Silva, Mauricio Rocha e
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.62%
Research in the field of cardiopulmonary disease in Brazil has been very active in recent decades. The combination of PUBMED, SCieLO, open access and online searching has provided a significant increase in the visibility of Brazilian journals. This newly acquired international visibility has in turn resulted in the appearance of more original research reports in the Brazilian scientific press. This review is intended to highlight part of this work for the benefit of the readers of "Clinics." We searched through PUBMED for noteworthy articles published in Brazilian medical journals included in the Journal of Citation Reports of the Institute of Scientific Information to better expose them to our readership. The following journals were examined: "Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia," "Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia," "Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Reviews," "Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia," "Jornal de Pediatria," "Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular," "Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira," Revista da Escola de Enfermagem U.S.P." and "São Paulo Medical Journal." These journals publish original investigations in the field of cardiopulmonary disease. The search produced 71 references...

Postgraduate research methodological flaws detected at final examination stage: Who is to blame?

Nyika,Aceme
Fonte: South African Journal of Science Publicador: South African Journal of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.66%
In the wake of globalisation, most universities are intensifying efforts to improve their overall performance in order to attract students and enhance chances of securing competitive funding from various sources. As part of these efforts, universities are striving to ensure that their postgraduate programmes meet nationally and internationally acceptable standards. Research projects conducted by students form a critical component of most postgraduate programmes and universities have put in place procedures meant to ensure that postgraduate research meets acceptable minimum standards. The procedures include setting minimum entry educational qualifications, supervision by qualified members of university academic staff, institutional evaluation of research proposals before the proposed research is embarked on, submission of progress reports by postgraduate students during the course of their programmes, and final examination of students' theses, dissertations or research reports by internal as well as external examiners. In some instances, the examiners recommend outright rejection of the student's write-up if they consider the methodology used to be inappropriate to answer research questions of the project conducted. The implications of research methodological shortcomings which are identified at the final examination stage...