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Planejamento e gestão da pesquisa e da inovação : conceitos e instrumentos; Planning and managing research and innovation : concepts and tools

Adriana Bin
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/08/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.61%
A discussão sobre o planejamento e a gestão de organizações públicas de pesquisa constitui o tema central da tese. Motivado pela percepção sobre a importância crescente dos múltiplos objetivos e funções que estas organizações vêm desempenhando no âmbito dos sistemas de pesquisa e de inovação dos quais elas fazem parte, assim como da emergência de padrões cada vez mais colaborativos de execução de atividades de produção do conhecimento, o trabalho visa identificar as especificidades e premissas que devem ser consideradas na execução de seus processos de planejamento e gestão, assim como alguns métodos e instrumentos mais adequados para tal. A Parte I da tese trata do tema de forma mais abrangente, analisando, do ponto de vista conceitual e metodológico, as especificidades e premissas para o planejamento e gestão de atividades de ciência, tecnologia e inovação. Tal análise baseia-se nas particularidades que estas atividades apresentam, assim como na compreensão da evolução histórica relacionada com sua organização e institucionalização. Resulta, por sua vez, na identificação do caráter indeterminado e multi-institucional destas atividades, assim como do perfil profissional diferenciado que as distingue. A Parte II...

Perspectivas para a pesquisa, desenvolvimento & inovação no setor elétrico brasileiro; Prospects for research, development & innovation in Brazilian power sector

Pedro Xavier Rodriguez Massaguer
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/02/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.67%
Considerando a relação entre a inovação e o desenvolvimento econômico e social, os estímulos às atividades de Pesquisa, Desenvolvimento & Inovação (P,D & I) têm sido tema recorrente na agenda de discussão das políticas públicas voltadas à competitividade do setor produtivo nacional. No setor elétrico, o estímulo às atividades de pesquisa e desenvolvimento (P&D) resultou na promulgação da Lei n° 9.991/2000, que determina às empresas concessionárias, permissionárias e autorizadas do serviço público de energia elétrica realizar investimentos mínimos nestas atividades, de acordo com regulamentação definida pela Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica (ANEEL). Desde 1998, início do programa, houve razoável evolução caracterizada principalmente pelo aumento do número de projetos, intensificação do relacionamento entre as concessionárias de energia, universidades e centros de pesquisa no planejamento e execução dos projetos. No entanto, com relação ao tema da inovação tecnológica, as empresas do setor elétrico, e a própria ANEEL, ainda tratam o tema com perspectiva de uma obrigação. Essa perspectiva decorre da dificuldade que o marco regulatório apresenta em compreender o papel da inovação e suas especificidades setoriais. Dentre os aspectos identificados nesta pesquisa...

Water resources management in southern Europe : clues for a research and innovation based regional hypercluster

Martins, Gilberto; Brito, A. G.; Nogueira, R.; Ureña-Mayenco, Macarena; Fernández, D.; Luque, F. J.; Alcácer-Santos, César
Fonte: Elsevier; Academic Press Publicador: Elsevier; Academic Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.58%
European countries are facing increasing pressures on their water resources despite stringent regulations and systematic efforts on environmental protection. In this context, research and innovation play a strategic role reinforcing the efficiency of water policies. The present study provides a multilevel assessment of research and innovation practices in the field of water resource management in southern European countries and regions (more specifically; Cyprus, Albania, Poitou-Charentes in France, Andalusia in Spain and the North of Portugal). The analysis was based on a strategic framework aimed at gaining an insight of the current constraints, as well as of the existing and future technological solutions for a better water resource management. The triple helix model proved to be a useful analytical framework for assessing the efforts of different groups towards a common goal. The analysis proved the existence of a significant evolution in the use of technological tools to assist decision-making processes in integrated river basin management in all regions. Nevertheless, the absence of formal channels for knowledge and data exchange between researchers and water resource managers complicates the formers involvement in the decision-making process regarding water allocation. Both researchers and consultants emphasize the low availability of data...

“Market structures, strategy and innovation in services. A study applied to the tourism sector”

Carvalho, Luisa M.C.,; Sarkar, Soumodip
Fonte: 5th International Conference on Services Management, Institute for International Management and Technology, New Delhi, India Publicador: 5th International Conference on Services Management, Institute for International Management and Technology, New Delhi, India
Tipo: Aula
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.63%
Pursuing an innovation strategy is fundamental in the arsenal of firms to compete in global markets with differences in the innovation capability explaining to a large extent differences across economic performances and welfare (Fagerberg, 2005). Yet the innovation process is still not well understood or explained, and it remains important to know which strategies firms should pursue to develop new products and the way the outcomes of those decisions play out in the market place. Adding to our yet incomplete understanding of innovation and the way it works through firm outcomes, is an greater incomprehension of innovation in service sector (European Commission, 2004; Fagerberg, 2005; Gronröös, 1990; United Nations, 2004). This is ever more important given the essential role that the service sector plays, especially in more developed economies. The heterogeneity of this sector is one of the factors which creates difficulties, particularly in the tourism sector. The objectives of this paper are two fold – first we discuss innovation in the service sector, especially in tourism, an area little understood and analyzed in the context of innovation. Secondly, we apply the diagnostic test of the integrated model of innovation (Sarkar 2005...

Review of National and Regional Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialization in Poland

Piatkowski, Marcin; Szuba, Tomasz; Wolszczak, Grzegorz
Fonte: World Bank, Warsaw Publicador: World Bank, Warsaw
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.66%
The report provides a brief summary of the existing Third Research and Innovation Strategy (RSI3s) and specifies the complementary activities that need to be undertaken on each level to fulfill the ex-ante conditionality as stipulated in the most recent draft general regulation of the European Commission, and to ensure strategic coherence across all documents. The report also assesses whether the draft RIS3s will contribute to the socio-economic transformation of the country. In the review, the report focuses on several important aspects, including: (i) formal fulfillment of ex ante conditionalties; (ii) coherence of key strategic documents within Poland s innovation framework; (iii) the overall quality of the framework; and (iii) smart specializations. As part of the assignment, the Bank and the Ministry of Regional Development organized a special workshop for all sixteen regions to present the report s initial findings, discuss conclusions and recommendations and follow up with regions and voivodships (regions) on specific areas of interest.

Summary of Research 2001, Institute for Defense Systems Engineering and Analysis (IDSEA), Institute for Information Superiority and Innovation (ESI) and The Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation (MOVES) Institute

Faculty of the Naval Postgraduate School Institute for Defense Systems Engineering and Analysis (IDSEA), Institute for Information Superiority and Innovation (I2SI) and The Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation (MOVES) Institute
Fonte: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School. Publicador: Office of the Associate Provost and Dean of Research, Naval Postgraduate School.
Tipo: Relatório
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.54%
The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or U.S. Government.; This report contains project summaries of the research projects in the Institute for Defense Systems Engineering and Analysis (IDSEA), Institute for Information Superiority and Innovation (I2SI) and The Modeling, Virtual Environments and Simulation (MOVES) Institute. A list of recent publications is also included, which consists of conference presentations and publications, books, contributions to books, published journal papers, Mjd technical reports. Thesis abstracts of students advised by faculty in the Department are also included.

Methodological Framework for implementing and evaluating Living Labs

García Guzmán, Javier
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/11/2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.6%
A Living Lab constitutes a research approach for innovation that challenges the whole research and innovation process in real-life conditions by human, social, cultural, organizational and institutional aspects having an impact on sustainable service, business and technology development. In this sense, Living Labs are experimentation and validation environments characterized by the early involvement of user communities, closely working together with developers and other stakeholders, and driving rapid cycles of ICT-based innovations. There is a lack of formalized methods for implementing and evaluating Living Labs regarding how Living labs act as innovation environments and what is the impact of such Living labs in creating value for users, stakeholders in the setting where they are established. This methodological framework contributes to the determination of the following issues: • Determine and disseminate the efficient practices for creating and implementing Living Labs. • Determine and assess the relative progress and impacts of living labs and understand the determining factors and processes. • Understand how LL influence their rural and regional environments • Understand the different development patterns of Living Labs and understand the determining factors • Assess the performance of the Living labs as innovation methodology

How to boost the PhD labour market? : facts from the R&D and innovation policies side

Benito, Mónica; Romera, Rosario
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/draft; info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper
Publicado em 01/11/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.65%
This paper analyzes the PhD labour market in connection to the Research and Innovation countries’ performance. Research and Innovation is essential for competitiveness in a global economy and doctorate holders have the skills and attributes to both engage in world-class research and make productive contributions in a wide spectrum of professional roles in innovation, in particular, in the private sector. However, in the recent literature little attention has been paid to measure the doctorate’s employment in the private sector, their role in the public-private research linkages and their effects on the innovation performance of the countries. The recruitment of PhD graduates in the private sector should be considered a key avenue in converting publicly funded basic research into commercialized innovations, technological progress and productivity growth. The aim of this paper is to examine which policies are boosting the PhD employment especially in the business sector and how these policies affect the research and innovation performance of the countries.

Companies’ growth in the EU: What is research and innovation policy’s role? - IPTS WORKING PAPER on CORPORATE R&D AND INNOVATION - Nr. 03/2011

MONCADA PATERNO' CASTELLO Pietro
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.63%
One of the main objectives of the new European research and innovation policy agenda is to favour the positive demographics (creation and growth) of EU companies operating in new/knowledge-intensive industries, especially Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). These companies play an important role in shaping the dynamism of the economy’s sectoral composition, favouring the transition towards more knowledge-intensive activities (smart growth) and in contributing to the overall economic growth objectives and more and better jobs. But which kind of companies should be helped by policy? And how? This paper presents a literature review on the economics of research, innovation and competitiveness, focusing on the evidence available regarding the determinants for new and existing company creation and growth and the role played by Research, Development (R&D) and innovation. Furthermore, based on this, it draws a number of policy implications to design future research and innovation support instruments targeting innovative company growth in Europe. The result of this work indicates that: a) EU needs support policies to foster R&D investment in some specific typology of innovative companies and only where there are market failures and clear high social returns; b) the establishment of any targeted support instruments should take into account an integrated set of criteria including: firms' age and size...

5th European Conference on Corporate R&D and Innovation CONCORDi 2015. Industrial Research and Innovation: Evidence for Policy - Background Note

DOSSO MAFINI; HERVAS SORIANO FERNANDO; MONCADA PATERNO' CASTELLO Pietro
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.64%
This background note offers first a synthesis of the main research questions addressed under the three topics of the 5th European Conference on Corporate R&D and Innovation - Industrial Research and Innovation: Evidence for Policy (CONCORDi 2015). Section II positions the selected papers in the current academic literature. It focuses on the extent to which the papers address the main issues, and on how they strengthen and challenge what we know about evidence for industrial R&D and innovation policies. Section III briefly presents the key priorities of the European innovation and industrial policy and some examples of current programs to support corporate R&D and innovation activities. Section IV raises a series of research and policy issues the Conference will address.; JRC.J.2-Knowledge for Growth

The internationalisation of science and the knowledge based economy: trends in Australian-European research and development funding

Wilson, Simon
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.68%
The report presents a quantitative analysis of Australian Research Council funded projects involving collaboration with European countries. Key findings are considered within the context of increasingly 'knowledge based' economies and the increasing globalisation of scientific research and development. This report identifies significant issues and makes recommendations which represent the preliminary stages of science and innovation policy development in Australia. Modern economies are based on knowledge and skills developed through the science and innovation system A high quality science and innovation system is crucial in maintaining and developing a strong and competitive national economy, social wellbeing and environmental sustainability. Economies world wide are continuing to grow and become more reliant on the consolidation of knowledge and skills. International collaboration is a key in developing and maintaining a strong science and innovation system In order to achieve a quality and competitive science and innovation system countries need to share and mutually build upon available skills and knowledge through international collaborative research and development. Australia accounts for only around two percent of the world's science and technology output...

Romania - Functional Review : Research, Development and Innovation Sector

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.68%
A functional review by the World Bank of Romania's research, development and innovation (RD&I) sector has been commissioned by the Government of Romania and the European Commission as part of a broader assessment of the public administration contribution to the country's growth and continued convergence with the EU. The objective of the Review is to propose actions over the short to medium term to tangibly strengthen effectiveness and efficiency in the RD&I sector. This report is based on extensive literature research and data analysis, as well as three missions to Bucharest in January, March, and April 2011, during which the World Bank team met with representatives from a variety of public, private, and academic institutions and conducted a workshop with major stakeholders to review report findings. This final report -- prepared in collaboration with the World Bank Higher Education Review team and the EC's DG Research and Innovation -- presents observations and recommendations for consideration by the Government. The Review suggests that Romania's RD&I sector is in a silent crisis...

Transforming Arab Economies : Traveling Knowledge and Innovation Road, Full Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: General Economy, Macroeconomics and Growth Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.66%
Over the past decade, some countries of the Middle East and North Africa region have spurred economic growth and improved their global competitiveness by taking the first steps in the direction of the knowledge economy. The World Bank Group focuses on Arab societies that deepen their commitment to reforms in four key policy areas: developing more open and entrepreneurial economies, preparing a better-educated and skilled population, improving capabilities for innovation and research, and expanding information and communication technologies. The success of a knowledge-economy strategy depends on coordinated progress on all four fronts, with bold approaches tailored to each country's challenges and opportunities. This report includes chapters organized into three main parts. Part 1 presents the rationale and approach for the transition to the knowledge- and innovation-driven economy. Part 2 describes the policies to be implemented in key areas of the knowledge economy: governance, education, innovation, and information and communication technology. Part 3 discusses economic diversification initiatives that can help countries make the most of their knowledge-economy investments. The three annexes to this report review the literature on the relationship between the knowledge economy and job creation in the Middle East and North Africa region...

Overview of the Research and Innovation Sector in the Western Balkans

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.7%
This overview of the research sector in the Western Balkans is a companion piece to the Western Balkans regional research and development (R and D) strategy for innovation. The strategy aims to strengthen the region's research capacity, enhance intraregional cooperation, promote collaboration with business sectors, explore possibilities for financing R and D from European Union (EU) funding schemes and other external sources, and help integrate the region into the European research area (ERA) and innovation union. This overview provides the background and analysis that informed the development of the strategy. The background work includes four studies on the different components of the research sector, a policy questionnaire, and seven country studies reviewing key policies, institutions, and performance of the national research sectors. This overview outlines the performance of the research and innovation sector, and describes the major drivers of this performance. It starts by presenting a framework of the different components of research and innovation in the Western Balkans. This leads into section two discussing the performance of the research sector...

Going for Smart Growth : Making Research and Innovation Work for Bulgaria

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.71%
This policy note provides a detailed assessment of Bulgaria's innovative capacity and offers policy recommendations to increase the impact of science and innovation. Part one of the policy note provides an assessment of Bulgaria's innovation capacity in the public and private spheres. Specifically, the note examines: (i) recent trends in Bulgaria's export performance, benchmarking Bulgaria relative to comparator countries; (ii) the characteristics of innovation activities in Bulgaria's private sector, as seen by enterprise surveys; (iii) developments in technological invention and scientific production, by analyzing the statistics about patents granted in the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and the European Patent Office (EPO) as well as data on scientific publications. Part two provides recommendations that could facilitate the implementation of the NRP and the Scientific Research Strategy, including sectoral analysis to guide innovation policy in priority industries. The recommendations are divided into the following areas: (i) attaining the 1.5 percent Research and Development...

Students with dependants : common practices in post-secondary education institutions in Canada and the United States / prepared by Georgian College Institute of Applied Research and Innovation.

Canada Millennium Scholarship Foundation.; Georgian College of Applied Arts and Technology. Institute of Applied Research and Innovation.
Fonte: Montreal, Que. : Canada Millennium Scholarship Foundation, Publicador: Montreal, Que. : Canada Millennium Scholarship Foundation,
Tipo: Livro Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.49%
Also published in French under the title: Étudiants avec personnes à charge : pratiques courantes dans les établissements d'enseignement postsecondaire du Canada et des États-Unis.; Millennium research series, 1704-8435 ; no. 20; "April 2005".; Includes bibliographical references.

Étudiants avec personnes à charge : pratiques courantes dans les établissements d'enseignement postsecondaire du Canada et des États-Unis / réalisé par Georgian College Institute of Applied Research and Innovation.

Canada Millennium Scholarship Foundation.; Georgian College of Applied Arts and Technology. Institute of Applied Research and Innovation.
Fonte: Montréal [Qué.] : Fondation canadienne des bourses d'études du millénaire, Publicador: Montréal [Qué.] : Fondation canadienne des bourses d'études du millénaire,
Tipo: Livro Formato: application/pdf
FRE
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.47%
Publ. aussi en anglais sous le titre: Students with dependants : common practices in post-secondary education institutions in Canada and the United States.; Collection de recherches du millénaire (En ligne), 1704-8451 ; no 20; "Avril 2005".; Comprend des réf. bibliogr.

IS VaVaI - an R&D Information System - Experience in Dealing with Errors in Data on the Outputs of Research, Revelopment and Innovation; IS VaVaI - zkušenosti při řešení chyb předávaných údajů o výsledcích výzkumu, experimentálního vývoje a inovacích

Hudečková, Viera
Fonte: Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information (CVTI SR); euroCRIS Publicador: Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information (CVTI SR); euroCRIS
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
CZ
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.63%
12 pages, 34 slides.-- Presentation delivered at the conference "Research Information Systems: Integration for Open Access to Scientific Outputs" held Apr 2nd, 2014 at the CVTI SR in Bratislava, Slovakia.; Text and slides in Czech.; Public VaVaI Information System interface available (in English) at http://www.isvav.cz/index.jsp; [EN] Research, development and innovation (R&D&I) in the Czech Republic gets financed from public funds pursuant to Act no. 130/2002 Coll. on Public Subsidy to Research, Development and Innovation and amended related Acts (Act on Funding Research, Development and Innovation). The former Act regulates the following: the rights and obligations of legal and natural persons engaged in R&D&I, the conditions for the provision of public funding, the provision of information on research, development and innovation through the information system on R&D&I and the role and tasks of the R&D&I bodies.; [CZ] Výzkum, experimentální vývoj a inovace (VaVaI) jsou v České republice podporovány z veřejných prostředků podle zákona č. 130/2002 Sb., o podpoře výzkumu, experimentálního vývoje a inovací z veřejných prostředků a o změně některých souvisejících zákonů (zákon o podpoře výzkumu, experimentálního vývoje a inovací)...

IPn Methodology - Effective System for Assessing and Funding Research, Development and Innovation; IPn Metodika - efektivní systém hodnocení a financování výzkumu, vývoje a inovací

Hudečková, Viera
Fonte: Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information (CVTI SR); euroCRIS Publicador: Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information (CVTI SR); euroCRIS
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
CZ
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.63%
5 pages, 20 slides.-- Presentation delivered at the conference "Research Information Systems: Integration for Open Access to Scientific Outputs" held Apr 2nd, 2014 at the CVTI SR in Bratislava, Slovakia.; Text and slides in Czech.; [EN] The objective of the "Effective Assessment and Funding of Research, Development and Innovation" project is to render the research, development and innovation (R&D&I) more attractive to researchers, to promote excellence in R&D&I, to encourage young people to become involved in R&D&I, to enhance the prestige of scientific work and to develop mechanisms for funding by the quality of work performed. This objective is to be achieved by a new methodology ("IPn Methodology") for assessment of the results and of institutions and the distribution of state funding. The proposal for a new evaluation system is based on the recommendations resulting from the international audit of Research, Development and Innovation in the Czech Republic, which delivered a strong warning against mechanistic application of the current methodology. The system will be used by state administration bodies, funders of R&D&I and all the research organisations and their staff concerned.; The IPn Methodology was launched on 1st February 2012. It was preceded by a general discussion on its contents in the implementation body and the Council for Research...

Evolution and new perspectives for the design and production of science, technology and innovation indicators; Evolução e novas perspectivas para a construção e produção de indicadores de ciência, tecnologia e inovação 10.5007/1518-2924.2008v13nesp1p1

Ramos, Milena Yumi; FAPESP - SP - Brasil
Fonte: Departamento de Ciência da Informação – UFSC Publicador: Departamento de Ciência da Informação – UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/04/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.58%
This paper discusses the evolution of the design and production of science, technology and innovation indicators. It is highlighted the most important contributions, weaknesses and perspectives for future improvement of R&D and innovation indicators, as well as of new experiences (composite, network and positioning indicators). Under the background of the prevailing dynamics and governance structure of the research and innovation systems, theoretical framework and technology context, it is observed the evolution from input and output indicators at the country level to customized indicators, capable of reflecting specificities, needs and policy aims of each actor or category of actors playing in each system.; Este artigo discute a evolução da produção de estatísticas e indicadores de ciência, tecnologia e inovação, ressaltando as mais importantes contribuições, limitações e perspectivas de aperfeiçoamentos futuros dos indicadores de P&D, inovação e novas experiências (indicadores compostos, de posicionamento e de rede). Observa-se -- sob o pano de fundo da dinâmica e estrutura de governança dos sistemas de pesquisa e inovação e dos contextos teórico e tecnológico vigentes -- a evolução de indicadores de insumos e resultados agregados ao nível de país para indicadores customizados...