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Os relatos de Daniel Kidder e a polêmica religiosa brasileira na primeira metade do século XIX; The reports of Daniel Kidder and the brazilian religious controversy in the first half of the nineteenth century

Nomura, Miriam do Prado Giacchetto Maia
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/11/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.19%
A construção do Estado brasileiro na primeira metade do século XIX foi um momento de debates políticos intensos em torno dos diversos projetos para a nação fundados no ideário liberal. A Igreja Católica, unida ao Estado sob o regime do Padroado Régio e ocupando uma posição central durante todo o período colonial, sofrerá forte ataque de parte dos membros do clero, entre os quais se destaca o padre Diogo Antônio Feijó, que defendia o regime regalista, desencadeando uma crise entre a Igreja brasileira e a Igreja de Roma. Estes conflitos perpassam a obra do viajante Daniel Parish Kidder que viveu no Brasil entre 1837 e 1840, a serviço da Sociedade Bíblica dos Estados Unidos, procurando difundir seus princípios religiosos de acordo com os padrões da modernidade.; The Brazilian States construction in the first half of 19th century was a moment of intense political debates around various projects for the nation based on liberal ideas. The Catholic Church united with the State under the Royal Patronage holding a central position during the entire Colonial Period would suffer a strong attack from some of the clergys members which stands out Father Diogo Antônio Feijó in defense of regalist regime triggering a crisis between Brazilian Church and Roman Church. These conflicts pervade the works of Daniel Kidder who lived in Brazil from 1837 to 1840...

Desenho de letras em livros das Reduções Jesuíticas Guarani; Design of letters on books produced in the Jesuit-Guarani Reductions (1609-1768)

Diniz, Kollontai Cossich
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/04/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
Nesta dissertação examino o desenho das letras em livros produzidos nas Reduções Jesuíticas Guarani, empreendimento missionário de religiosos da Companhia de Jesus na região do Rio da Prata entre 1609 e 1768. Os primeiros Jesuítas chegaram à região em 1585, vindos do Peru e do Brasil. Apesar das dificuldades dos primeiros tempos, fundaram a primeira Redução em 1609 e, tão logo conquistaram alguma estabilidade, comunicaram-se intensamente com Roma e Madrid, entre 1633 e 1645, a fim de obterem uma imprensa e licenças para imprimir nas Reduções. Porém, foi apenas entre 1700 e 1705 que finalmente o realizaram -- e não foi por meio de uma prensa vinda da Europa, mas de prensa construída nas missões. Antes disso, os livros eram copiados à mão, uma prática que continuou existindo nas Reduções mesmo depois da instalação da imprensa. À imprenta guaranítica e aos manuscritos guaraníticos cabe um lugar de destaque na História da imprensa e do livro no Novo Mundo. Os relatos dos padres geraram consensos ainda hoje repetidos na historiografia da região, especializada ou não na História dos livros, sobre a habilidade dos guaranis para copiar letras e sobre a construção de todo o aparato para impressão -- a prensa tipográfica construída com madeira local e tipos móveis fundidos com uma liga de metais da região. Dos doze livros e um tanto de panfletos que certamente foram impressos nas Reduções...

Os Jesuítas no Espírito Santo 1549-1759: contactos confrontos e encontros

Cunha, Maria José dos Santos
Fonte: Universidade de Évora Publicador: Universidade de Évora
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este trabalho analisa a acção missionária jesuíta na capitania do Espírito Santo entre 1549 e 1759no quadro geral do Brasil colónia dentro do estruturado espaço colonial português, comummente chamado Império. O objectivo principal deste trabalho é o levantamento de dados sobre a sua actuação no processo geopolítico religioso na capitania onde se cruzam colonizadores, indígenas de diferentes etnias, estrangeiros e religiosos. Do encontro dos dogmas cristãos com o pensamento indígena e a intenção dos colonizadores surge o confronto. Os jesuítas elaboram então um conjunto de propostas que contribuíram para a evolução do pensamento político moderno e mudaram as regras dentro da própria Companhia. Destacam-se as missões indígenas e as fazendas, como polos de surgimento duma nova cultura que resulta do cruzamento dos diferentes agentes envolvidos e o seu papel na permuta e consolidação da presença portuguesa: ABSTRACT: Jesuits in Espírito Santo 1549-1759: contacts, confrontations and encounters This work analyzes Jesuit missionary activities in the Captaincy of Espírito Santo (1549-1759) in colonial Brazil (1500-1822) within the framework of the Portuguese colonial Empire (1415-1974). This work is based on data found on the religious geo-political process in the Captaincy of Espírito Santo whereby European colonizers...

O ensino indígena em Angola e o papel dos missionários

Tanga, Lino
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.39%
Mestrado em Estudos Africanos, Especialidade em Estado, Política e Relações Internacionais; O presente trabalho procura abordar a questão do ensino indígena em Angola. O Trabalho está situado dentro do contexto colonial. A concepção que o sistema colonial tinha do nativo negro de Angola era bastante discriminatória. A integração do indígena passava por ele adquirir algumas condições e o ensino literário era uma das condições. Neste processo de integração do indígena na sociedade através do ensino, as missões religiosas jogaram um papel bastante determinante. Elas foram as pioneiras da introdução do ensino literário em Angola. Existiam dentro dum sistema de administração colonial e apesar de terem pensamentos específicos sobre o ensino, que consistiam em construir a cidade espiritual na cidade terrena, obedeciam a uma política colonial de ensino. As escolas indígenas foram criadas dentro dum contexto em que a mentalidade colonial entendia os povos como fragmentados e de cultura rudimentar, sem organização política estável. O Estado sentia-se no dever de construir escolas para ajudar a tirar os indígenas da situação em que se encontravam. Os indígenas eram considerados como povo atrasado que pelo seu próprio esforço não podia adquirir o conhecimento das verdades da fé...

The Conversion of the World in the Early Republic: Race, Gender, and Imperialism in the Early American Foreign Mission Movement

Conroy-Krutz, Emily
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This is a transnational history of the early republic that focuses on religious actors. The early American foreign mission movement was an outward-looking expression of the benevolent network of the early republic. Building on transatlantic connections that predated the American Revolution, it represented American evangelicals’ attempt to transform the “heathen world” into part of God’s kingdom. Using ABCFM missions to in India, the Cherokee Nation, and Liberia as case studies, this dissertation examines the relationship between the church and imperial politics. In the 1800s, Americans, who had focused their evangelism on Native Americans, joined British evangelicals in the work of world mission. In the first decades of their work, they saw the potential of imperial expansion as a conduit for evangelization. In practice, evangelicals found great faults with imperial governments. Everywhere, missionaries struggled to determine how linked the projects of Christianizing and “civilizing” ought to be. With regard to gender norms in particular, missionaries found the introduction of “civilization” to be an essential part of their work. The question of slavery ultimately led to a shift in mission policy. By the mid-1840s...

Christian Slavery: Protestant Missions and Slave Conversion in the Atlantic World, 1660-1760

Gerbner, Katharine Reid
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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"Christian Slavery" shows how Protestant missionaries in the early modern Atlantic World developed a new vision for slavery that integrated Christianity with human bondage. Quaker, Anglican, and Moravian missionaries arrived in the Caribbean intending to "convert" enslaved Africans to Christianity, but their actions formed only one part of a dialogue that engaged ideas about family, kinship, sex, and language. Enslaved people perceived these newcomers alternately as advocates, enemies, interlopers, and powerful spiritual practitioners, and they sought to utilize their presence for pragmatic, political, and religious reasons. Protestant slave owners fiercely guarded their Christian rituals from non-white outsiders and rebuffed the efforts of Quaker, Anglican, and Moravian missionaries to convert the enslaved population. For planters, Protestantism was a sign of mastery and freedom, and most believed that slaves should not be eligible for conversion. The planters’ exclusive vision of Protestantism was challenged on two fronts: by missionaries, who articulated a new ideology of "Christian slavery," and by enslaved men and women who sought baptism for themselves and their children. In spite of planter intransigence, a small number of enslaved and free Africans advocated and won access to Protestant rites. As they did so...

Spiritual capacity? Overseas religious missions in RAMSI-era Solomon Islands

McDougall, Debra
Fonte: ANU College of Asia & the Pacific, School of International, Political and Strategic Studies; State, Society and Governance in Melanesia Program Publicador: ANU College of Asia & the Pacific, School of International, Political and Strategic Studies; State, Society and Governance in Melanesia Program
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 16 pages
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"This paper focuses on the nexus of overseas Christian missions and secular development agendas in Solomon Islands during the era of the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) — an Australian-led intervention that began in 2003 following a five-year period of civil conflict" - page 2; Australian Government

Discovering the effect Christianity, by way of missions and missionaries, has had on Aboriginal communities of the Northern Territory and North East Western Australia

Heise, Amy
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.48%
Religion is a major force in the world. Every continent, every nation has some form of religion and religious belief, from Christianity, Islam, Buddhism , and the list continues. The Aborigines of Australia had their own religious belief as well. It has been called by scholars as the "Dreamtime" or the "Dreaming". It is a belief in ancestral creatures that shaped the face of the earth and left behind laws for the inhabitants of the earth to follow. The Aborigines were following this ancient belief system when colonization began in 1770. European missionaries were sent to first, convert the convict masses sent to Australia and then the Aborigines. The missionaries, wanting to help and protect the original inhabitants of Australia from genocide being carried out by zealous settlers, so they established missions all across Australia and began a life-long journey to . convert Aborigines to Christianity. What started out with the best on intensions quickly became a war on Aboriginal culture. The missionaries, while defending Aboriginal intelligence and beauty to non believers, still thought of the Aborigines they encountered as inferior and unable to truly comprehend religious belief because they saw no evidence of any in Aboriginal culture. We now know this to be untrue...

Gospel power for civilization: the CMS missionary perspective on Maori Culture 1830-1860.

Dingle, Sarah
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.58%
This thesis is an historical analysis of nineteenth century Protestant Christian mission in New Zealand, with a particular focus on religion and theology, and their role in shaping the perceptions of Church Missionary Society missionaries as they observed and related to Maori people and their culture between 1830 and 1860. It showcases theology as the primary paradigm in which missionaries understood and commented upon Maori, as opposed to other culturally received frameworks. It argues that historians have given too little attention to this theological paradigm and have therefore failed to grasp its significance for accurately portraying the missionary perspective on Maori culture. The significance of religious worldview is highlighted by an examination of the meaning and role of the Christianity-Civilization nexus in missionary thinking. The following pages explore the relationship between the two terms: why and how they were linked, both in general, and in a New Zealand-specific context. The arguments of this thesis are put forward through a close examination of CMS missionary documents, particularly letters and journals, as well as published source materials. This study highlights the moral and religious basis of CMS missionary notions of civilization...

Latin missionaries and Catholics in Constantinople 1650-1760 : between local religious culture and confessional determination

BINZ, Laura Elisabeth
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.34%
This thesis examines the actions of the Latin missionaries in the Latin Catholic community of Constantinople between 1650 and 1760. In Constantinople as well as in other mission territories, missionaries were constantly confronted with the universal claims of the post-Tridentine Catholic Church and the practical requirements of the local pluri-religious context. The main aim of this dissertation is to analyze how the missionaries acted within the local context of Constantinople. In terms of methodology, this study combines the approaches of recent research on Early Modern Catholicism after the Council of Trent, of closely related research on extra-European local Christianities and of recent social and cultural research on the Ottoman Empire. In order to work out the processes of negotiation and appropriation between the different actors, the thesis adopts a micro-historical approach and an actor-focused perspective. First, the thesis focuses on the institutional actors, as the representatives of the local Latin Catholics, the patriarchal vicars and missionaries as well as the ambassadors of the European powers. Secondly, the tensions between Roman standards and the local requirements are analyzed with regard to the Constantinopolitan sacramental practice regarding baptism...

Spanish Catholic Missions and Border History

AnaMaria Seglie
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.49%
Video Length: 5 minutes, 20 seconds; The Catholic missions of Spanish America are an integral part of U.S.-Mexico borderlands history. Using John Russell Bartlett’s Personal narrative of explorations & incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua, volume 1, a 19th century document found in the Our Americas Archive Partnership, I discuss how the missions represent an enduring religious and cultural history that extends from the Spanish colonization of 17th century North America to the U.S.-Mexican War in the mid 19th century to the continuing religious communities of today. I begin by defining the purpose and function of a mission and then move on to briefly discuss the mission settlement of Texas.

The Religious Community and Latinos in Alabama: Two Steps Forward

Davis, Christopher
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This dissertation explores the nuances of how the religious community of Alabama responded to the development of a Latino population in the state, beginning in the mid-1980s, as well as how Latinos found a place among the preexisting religious institutions. Much of the academic focus on Latinos in the South has explored the topic from the perspectives of labor, politics, housing, and other lenses that typically revealed negative interactions between Latinos and the long-term population. Also, studies of religious matters generally focus on the Catholic Church, which included the majority of the Latino population but left out much of the interaction with the mostly Protestant majority. Through interviews with congregation leaders, this study shows that the incorporation of Latinos was a complex process based in a history and experience of missions work. Beginning in the 1950s, the understanding of missions began to change from long-term missions undertaken by few Christians to mostly short-term missions experienced by many. That missions background made the possibility of ministering to Latinos in Alabama much more plausible and led to the partnerships discussed in the rest of the dissertation. The part of the state to first receive Latinos was the northeast corner where the religious community initially responded to migrant Latinos beginning in the 1950s and then to a permanent Latino population in the 1980s. The study also focuses on the city of Birmingham and finds that strong leaders were the crucial element in developing Latino ministries. Such partnerships resulted in great variety among the structures of ministries based on the abilities and desires of the individual churches. The relationships formed in the church environment served as a counter to the state and national vitriol concerning illegal immigration and produced a state population with mixed feelings about its Latino component. Those relations also provided hope for the eventual partnership of all races.

Espect??culo y religi??n en la Espa??a del Barroco: las misiones interiores

Rico Callado, Francisco Luis
Fonte: Universidad de Granada Publicador: Universidad de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
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26.71%
Art??culo de la secci??n: Estudios; Este art??culo aporta nuevos datos sobre la religiosidad en la Espa??a de la segunda mitad siglo XVII y principios del XVIII a partir del estudio de las misiones interiores. El autor estudia los aspectos ret??ricos y teatrales de las misiones que tanto jesuitas como capuchinos llevaron a cabo en este pa??s, esenciales para persuadir y convertir a los fieles, insistiendo en el hecho de que todos ellos estaban ??ntimamente ligados a la cultura barroca. A su vez, las misiones interiores fueron uno de los principales instrumentos de la Iglesia postridentina para difundir un modelo religioso devoto. Estas nuevas pr??cticas se basaron en las congregaciones fundadas por los misioneros en numerosas poblaciones que promovieron tanto unas pr??cticas devocionales como una serie de nuevos motivos y cultos religiosos t??picos del per??odo postridentino.; This article provides new facts about religious life in Spain in the second half of the XVIIth Century and the beginning of the XVIIIth Century through the study of the popular missions. The author studies the rhetorical and theatrical aspects of the missions that Jesuits and Capucins developed in this country, which were essential to persuade and convert people...

Viral hepatitis in travellers.; Hepatites víricas em viajantes.

Abreu, Cândida; Serviço de Doenças Infecciosas, Hospital de S João, Porto.
Fonte: Ordem dos Médicos Publicador: Ordem dos Médicos
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; article; article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/02/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Considering the geographical asymmetric distribution of viral hepatitis A, B and E, having a much higher prevalence in the less developed world, travellers from developed countries are exposed to a considerable and often underestimated risk of hepatitis infection. In fact a significant percentage of viral hepatitis occurring in developed countries is travel related. This results from globalization and increased mobility from tourism, international work, humanitarian and religious missions or other travel related activities. Several studies published in Europe and North America shown that more than 50% of reported cases of hepatitis A are travel related. On the other hand frequent outbreaks of hepatitis A and E in specific geographic areas raise the risk of infection in these restricted zones and that should be clearly identified. Selected aspects related with the distribution of hepatitis A, B and E are reviewed, particularly the situation in Portugal according to the published studies, as well as relevant clinical manifestations and differential diagnosis of viral hepatitis. Basic prevention rules considering enteric transmitted hepatitis (hepatitis A and hepatitis E) and parenteral transmitted (hepatitis B) are reviewed as well as hepatitis A and B immunoprophylaxis. Common clinical situations and daily practice "pre travel" advice issues are discussed according to WHO/CDC recommendations and the Portuguese National Vaccination Program. Implications from near future availability of a hepatitis E vaccine...

A Igreja católica no Brasil : as ações civilizatórias e de conversão ao catolicismo das Missões Salesianas junto aos povos indígenas do Alto Rio Negro/Amazonas (1960-1980); The Catholic Church in Brazil : actions and civilizing conversion to Catholicism of the Salesian Missions along the indigenous peoples of the Upper Rio Negro / Amazon (1960-1980)

Mauro Gomes da Costa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/12/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.39%
A pesquisa investiga os contatos intersocietários das Missões Salesianas com os povos indígenas do Noroeste Amazônico no período 1960-1980. A partir da abordagem sócio-histórica e etnográfica, com base em fontes documentais, analisam-se as estratégias missionárias salesianas para a catequização, a conversão ao catolicismo e a civilização do índio. No arco das ações empreendidas pela aliança igreja-estado-capital privado, o trabalho missionário se conjugou à ideologia assimilacionista do Estado brasileiro, fundamentada na suposta inferioridade intelectual do índio, sob a ótica da doutrina de segurança nacional, da estratégia geopolítica de integração territorial, do controle social e do modelo econômico do capitalismo dependente voltado para o desenvolvimento econômico da Amazônia. O conjunto das políticas estatais, das ações missionárias e dos empreendimentos do capital privado acarretou graves conseqüências para as sociedades nativas, tais como a desorganização sócio-cultural, a fragmentação de identidades, a invasão dos territórios tradicionais e o descaso coma demarcação das terras indígenas. Este processo civilizatório e de conversão religiosa é marcado pelo conflito de interesses entre os agentes envolvidos...

Missionários de letras e virtudes : a pedagogia moral dos franciscanos em Alagoas nos séculos XVIII e XIX.; Missionaries of letteres and virtues: the moral pedagogic from the franciscans on Alagoas in the century s XVIII and XIX.

Santos, Mônica Costa
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Educação brasileira; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Educação brasileira; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
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The present study considered the reconstitution of the educative action developed by the missionaries Franciscans north-eastern Brazilian, in the century s XVIII and XIX, for of the itinerant s missions and the convents of the Order distributed by the region. Our study it was turned, in special, toward the work carried through educative missionary and in the south part of the captainship of Pernambuco, over all from the construction of the two Franciscans convents in the alagoano territory, that had started to serve of base structural for the action of the missionaries. Carriers of a long religious and intellectual tradition, integrated to the colonial context, the Franciscans intended to evangelizer and to civilize the local population and of regions proximal, by means of its moral pedagogic, the end to make data profile of behavior, based on religious beliefs and civilized values. In this direction, faith and reason converged in one same direction, therefore at the same time where religious rules make themselves, also searched to still harmonize, to moralizer and to instruct members of a society in formation. For the elaboration of this study, in we support them in the consultation of works produced for the proper missionaries, the Acts Capitulates of the Franciscan Province of San Anthony of the Brazil (1649-1893) and Books of Chronicles of the Convents of Penedo/Alagoas (1903-1930; 1907-1920)...

Limosnas impresas. Escritos e imágenes en las prácticas misioneras de interior en la península Ibérica (siglos XVI-XVIII)

Palomo, Federico
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 SPA
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26.6%
El estudio de las misiones de interior constituye un terreno fértil para analizar la potencial eficacia disciplinadora que encerraban las formas de comunicación empleadas en la socialización del discurso religioso durante la época moderna. En este sentido, el presente estudio centra la atención sobre un aspecto menos explorado en relación con esa dimensión comunicativa de las prácticas misioneras, como es el uso que se hizo en las mismas de imágenes impresas y, sobre todo, de obritas de devoción, catecismos y pliegos de cordel. La misión de interior desempeñó un papel fundamental como instrumento de difusión de productos editoriales de naturaleza textual o iconográfica por las áreas rurales de los reinos ibéricos. Interesa comprender, por un lado, cómo se integraban en la práctica y los varios ejercicios misioneros; por otro, conviene considerar el modo en el que tales productos vehiculaban el discurso religioso, tratando de adivinar su permeabilidad y adaptación a las condiciones de recepción de los públicos misioneros, que, sin ser ajenos a la cultura escrita, recurrían principalmente a formas orales y visuales de comunicación y de memoria.; L’estudi de les missions d’interior és un terreny fèrtil per analitzar la potencial eficàcia disciplinadora de les formes de comunicació emprades en la socialització del discurs religiós durant l’època moderna. En aquest sentit...

A Amazônia brasileira: formação histórico-territorial e perspectivas para o século XXI; A Amazônia brasileira: formação histórico-territorial e perspectivas para o século XXI

Tavares, Maria Goretti da Costa
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia Humana. Universidade de São Paulo. Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Geografia Humana. Universidade de São Paulo.
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/download
Publicado em 30/12/2011 POR
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O presente artigo discute as transformações no processo de formação territorial no estado da região amazônica. Apresentando como objetivos centrais a geograficidade das missões religiosas, a política pombalina e o valor simbólico das formas espaciais, a herança africana na Amazônia, a economia da borracha e as reorganização do território a partir da segunda metade do século XX e as perspectivas para o século XXI. Identificando-se que a região foi conquistada e ocupada pelos portugueses do século XVII a XIX, que se utilizaram de várias estratégias de ocupação do território – as fortalezas, as missões religiosas, a política pombalina, em seguida a economia da borracha. No século XX ocorre a mudança de estratégia de circulação dos rios para as rodovias, que resulta no século XXI, em um espaço regional marcado pelas contradições socioeconômicas e ambientais decorrentes do modelo histórico e espacial de desenvolvimento excludente.; This article discusses the changes in the process of territorial constitution of Amazon region, featuring as main objectives the geographicity of religious missions, the Politics of Pombal government and the symbolic value of spatial forms, the African heritage in Amazon...

"Choosing the Jesus Way:" the Assemblies of God's Home Missions to American Indians and the Development of an Indian Pentecostal Identity

Tarango, Angela
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 1095520 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%

This dissertation explores the history of the Assemblies of God's Home Missions to American Indians, the development of an American Indian leadership in the denomination and the development of a Pentecostal Indian identity. The history that is told in this work is that of a century-long struggle by American Indian Pentecostals for autonomy, leadership, and recognition within the Assemblies of God. I argue that the AG's efforts to establish indigenous churches in its home missions work to American Indians bore two important and largely unanticipated consequences. The first was that it prompted American Indian Pentecostals to forge a new identity: fully Indian and fully Pentecostal. The second was that it forced white Pentecostals to own up to their belief in the indigenous principle: that God's Spirit fell equally on peoples, without regard to ethnicity or social standing. I focus mainly on giving voice to the Pentecostal Indian actors in this history, in order to fill in the gaps on a group of modern Pentecostal believers that were almost never written about in the histories of the movement.

I have rooted this work in the history of American religious history, as well as Native American history and the history of American Pentecostalism. The majority of the sources come from the Assemblies of God's archives...

Appropreating the closure of Jesuit missions: Fritz Hochwälder's Das heilige Experiment

Hale,F
Fonte: Acta Theologica Publicador: Acta Theologica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2008 EN
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Since the eighteenth century the history of the Jesuit missionary endeavours in South America, especially their forced closure in 1760s, has been used rhetorically by writers in several genres, providing them with historical evidence to support a variety of latter-day causes. During the Second World War the Viennese Jewish playwright Fritz Hochwälder, then living in exile in Switzerland, followed in this tradition when he wrote his tragedy Das heilige Experiment. It was a timely plea for toleration and religious freedom. Though almost completely ignored in histories of the Society of Jesus, this work vividly illustrates how a dramatic event in the history of Christianity can speak to subsequent issues. Since the eighteenth century, Jesuit missions in South America, especially the model communities, or reducciónes, established amongst the Guarani and their forced closure in the 1760s, have served as an arsenal in which writers in several genres have found evidentiary historical weapons for supporting their contemporary causes.¹ As I have pointed out elsewhere, when Voltaire had reason to believe that representatives of the Society of Jesus on that continent as well as in Europe were abusing their power and treating people in a manner which violated his sense of dignity and his understanding of the rise of the human race from barbarism to a cultivated state...