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Watershed scale temporal stability of soil water content

HU, Wei; SHAO, Mingan; HAN, Fengpeng; REICHARDT, Klaus; TAN, Jing
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.94%
The recognition of temporally stable locations with respect to soil water content is of importance for soil water management decisions, especially in sloping land of watersheds. Neutron probe soil water content (0 to 0.8 m), evaluated at 20 dates during a year in the Loess Plateau of China, in a 20 ha watershed dominated by Ust-Sandiic Entisols and Aeolian sandy soils, were used to define their temporal stability through two indices: the standard deviation of relative difference (SDRD) and the mean absolute bias error (MABE). Specific concerns were (a) the relationship of temporal stability with soil depth, (b) the effects of soil texture and land use on temporal stability, and (c) the spatial pattern of the temporal stability. Results showed that temporal stability of soil water content at 0.2 m was significantly weaker than those at the soil depths of 0.6 and 0.8 m. Soil texture can significantly (P<0.05) affect the stability of soil water content except for the existence of an insignificant difference between sandy loam and silt loam textures, while temporal stability of areas covered by bunge needlegrass land was not significantly different from those covered by korshinsk peashrub. Geostatistical analysis showed that the temporal stability was spatially variable in an organized way as inferred by the degree of spatial dependence index. With increasing soil depth...

Tolerância à dessecação em Pleurostima purpurea (Velloziaceae): trocas gasosas, pigmentos fotossintéticos e conteúdo relativo de água foliar; Desiccation tolerance in Pleurostima purpurea (Velloziaceae): gas exchanges, photosynthetic pigments and leaf relative water content

Aidar, Saulo de Tarso
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/12/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
Pleurostima purpurea (Velloziaceae) é uma espécie rupícola encontrada em afloramentos rochosos do estado do Rio de Janeiro, sudeste do Brasil. Por apresentar notável capacidade de tolerar a dessecação vegetativa, este estudo teve o intuito de esclarecer detalhes sobre a estratégia ecofisiológica utilizada por tais plantas frente à desidratação do ambiente e as vantagens associadas ao processo. Para tanto foi analisada a dinâmica de trocas gasosas, o conteúdo de pigmentos fotossintéticos e o conteúdo relativo de água de tecidos foliares durante os processos de dessecação e reidratação de indivíduos adultos cultivados. Comportaram-se como homeohídricas típicas economizadoras de água sob condição de seca moderada que, quando agravada, assumiram o comportamento de pecilohídricas e peciloclorófilas. A suspensão da irrigação provocou o fechamento estomático sob conteúdo relativo de água foliar acima de 90%, levando a restrições sobre a transpiração e assimilação líquida de carbono até o estabelecimento da anabiose. Durante este processo, houve um atraso na diminuição do CRAfoliar em relação ao CRAplanta-solo. A degradação das clorofilas acompanhou a diminuição do CRAfoliar, o qual alcançou o valor médio mínimo de 17% sem incorrer na abscisão das folhas...

Caracterização de variedades de cana-de-açucar (Saccharum spp.) submetidas a déficit hídrico; Evaluation of sugarcane genotypes (Saccharum spp.) under water stress

Guimarães, Ana Carolina Ribeiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/08/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.05%
O déficit hídrico é o principal fator limitante na produtividade das culturas agrícolas. Com a crescente expansão da cultura canavieira rumo a regiões de marcantes déficits hídricos, torna-se essencial o desenvolvimento de variedades tolerantes a este tipo de estresse. O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar os efeitos do déficit hídrico, em 20 variedades de cana-de-açúcar, visando identificar características para auxiliar o programa de melhoramento da cultura. O conteúdo relativo de clorofila, a eficiência quântica potencial do fotossistema II (Fv/Fm), o teor relativo de água (TRA), o incremento em altura dos colmos (IAC) foram utilizados como parâmetros fisiológicos além das características tecnológicas da matéria prima Brix e Pol. O déficit hídrico foi imposto pela suspensão da irrigação durante 3, 10 e 20 dias. O déficit hídrico reduziu o conteúdo relativo de clorofila, TRA, Fv/Fm, IAC e Pol para a maioria das variedades analisadas enquanto o teor de sólidos solúveis, mensurada através do Brix, não foi afetado. O período de suspensão de rega de 03 dias não foi suficiente para induzir déficit hídrico e, as melhores respostas para identificação de diferenças fisiológicas dentro de variedades foi obtida aos 20 dias. Não foi observado padrão de resposta que possa ser relacionado com o nível de tolerância das variedades para o resultado dos parâmetros IAC...

Efeito de tratamentos pré e pós-colheita na qualidade de rosas de corte; Effect of pre and postharvest treatments in quality of cut rose

Geerdink, Gabriela Maria
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.01%
O objetivo do trabalho foi o desenvolvimento de tecnologias para melhoria da qualidade e vida de vaso em rosas (Rosa hybrida.) Vega. Os tratamentos précolheita foram realizados com aplicação de silício (0, 200, 400 e 800 mg L-1) por meio de fertirrigação via solo e via foliar. Foram realizadas seis aplicações semanais de silicato de potássio (12% Si) em rosas Vega, distribuídas em blocos casualisados com quatro repetições, e seis avaliações pós-colheita (dias 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 e 10). Após a colheita, foram avaliados: comprimento de haste, diâmetro de haste e de pedúnculo, comprimento de botão e a massa das hastes. As flores foram armazenadas em vasos com água deionizada a 20±1°C e 65±5% UR, sendo avaliadas: variação da massa fresca, conteúdo relativo de água (CRA) de pétalas e folhas, atividade de peroxidase, abertura floral, curvatura do pedúnculo, turgescência e escurecimento de pétalas, e coloração de pétalas. A aplicação de 400 mg L-1 de silício proporcionou maior comprimento de haste, maior CRA e cromaticidade das pétalas e menor atividade de peroxidase. A aplicação foliar também apresentou maior comprimento de botão, CRA de folhas, e luminosidade de pétalas, e a aplicação via solo também apresentou maior diâmetro de haste...

Physiological parameters in sugarcane cultivars submitted to water deficit

Graça, José Perez da; Rodrigues, Fabiana Aparecida; Farias, José Renato Bouças; Oliveira, Maria Cristina Neves de; Hoffmann-Campo, Clara Beatriz; Zingaretti, Sonia Marli
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology Publicador: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 189-197
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.98%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Parâmetros fisiológicos de cultivares de cana-de-açúcar submetidas ao déficit hídrico. Para investigar o processo envolvido na susceptibilidade de plantas de cana-de-açúcar ao déficit hídrico, diferentes parâmetros fisiológicos foram avaliados em cultivares tolerantes (SP83-2847 e CTC15) e sensível (SP86-155) ao déficit hídrico. O déficit hídrico afetou o aparato fotossintético de todas as plantas de forma diferenciada dentro e entre as cultivares. A taxa fotossintética e condutância estomática diminuíram significativamente para todas as cultivares submetidas ao déficit hídrico. Nas plantas controle das cultivares tolerantes (SP83-2847 e CTC15) a taxa fotossintética foi maior do que a cultivar sensível (SP86-155). A cultivar CTC15 apresentou O teor relativo de água mostrou que a cultivar CTC15 apresentou o maior teor relativo de água durante o período de déficit hídrico. A eficiência fotossintética da cultivar SP83-2847 foi mais estável nos últimos dias do tratamento experimental, sugerindo que o decréscimo do teor relativo de água estimulou o ajustamento da capacidade fotossintética para tolerar as mudanças da disponibilidade hídrica. de modo geral...

Water relations of cut inflorescences of Alpinia purpurata treated with seven pulsing solutions

Mattiuz, C. F M; Rodrigues, T. J D; Pivetta, K. F L; Mattiuz, B. H.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 363-368
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.87%
Alpinia purpurata (Vieill) K. Schum, common name red ginger belongs to Zingiberaceae family, and is a perennial, with nice inflorescences composed of layers of bracts arranged in spirals. The utilization of keeping-quality solutions seeks to prolong vase-life and to maintain the quality of cut flowers. This research was performed to evaluate the effect of seven pulsing solutions (during 24 hours) on water relations, quality (turgor, browning and curvature) and the longevity of cut red ginger. The experiment followed complete randomized design, in factorial arrangement. The following treatments were studied: 1) distilled water (control), 2) sucrose 2% + 8-hidroxyquinoline citrate 200 ppm, 3) sucrose 2%, 4) sucrose 2% + citric acid, 5) benzyladenine 10 μM, 6) benzyladenine 10 μmol + sucrose 2%, 7) quaternary ammonia 0,5 mL/L. There was no significant (P>0.05) reduction of the relative water content (RWC) of the inflorescence bracts, among solutions, in the first period (7 days) and in the second period (14 days) and, between the two periods for all treatments. Significant differences among RWC of some treatments were recorded after 16 days of vase life. The utilization of benzyladenine, benzyladenine plus sucrose and sucrose plus citric acid...

Parâmetros fisiológicos de cultivares de cevada sob déficits hídricos

dos Santos, Alexandre Barreto Almeida; Klar, Antonio Evaldo; Jadoski Jr., Cleber
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 438-448
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.96%
The objective of this study was to evaluate some physiological parameters in six barley cultivars (Borema, Lagoa, BRS-180, BRS-195, EMB-128 e BRS-225), under water stress in different crop phenological phases. The treatments were as follows: TI - pots constantly irrigated until harvest: T2: - water stress starting from 45 days after sowing (DAS) and T3 - water stress starting from 65 DAS. Leaf resistance to water vapor diffusion (Rs), relative water content (RWC), and leaf water potential (Ψ1) were used to evaluate drought tolerance. Pots were arranged in a randomized block design with four blocks, six barley cultivars, and three treatments, in a total of seventy two pots. The experiment was conducted from August to November 2005 in a polyethylene greenhouse located at the experimental area of Rural Engineering Department - FCA, UNESP - Botucatu - SP. The results showed that all barley cultivars presented some adaptation to water stress, but EMB-128 was the most likely and BRS-180 the least likely to be drought tolerant. The results revealed that only one drought cycle may increase tolerance to drought.

Avaliação de parâmetros fisiológicos em cultivares de cana-de-açúcar submetidas ao déficit hídrico

Graça, José Perez da
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: xiii, 39 f. : il.
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.99%
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Pós-graduação em Agronomia (Genética e Melhoramento de Plantas) - FCAV; A cana-de-açúcar (Saccharum spp.) é uma das principais culturas das regiões tropicais, cuja produtividade agrícola pode ser afetada pelo déficit hídrico. Para investigar o processo de tolerância e sensibilidade ao déficit hídrico, diferentes parâmetros fisiológicos foram avaliados em cultivares de cana-de-açúcar tolerantes (SP83-2847 e CTC15) e sensível (SP86-155) ao déficit hídrico. A deficiência hídrica afetou todo o aparato fotossintético das plantas de forma diferenciada dentro e entre as cultivares. A taxa fotossintética e condutância estomática diminuíram significativamente para todas as cultivares submetidas ao estresse. Nas plantas controle das cultivares (cv) tolerantes SP83-2847 e CTC15 observou-se que a taxa fotossintética apresentou valores mais altos em comparação a cultivar sensível SP86-155. Resultados do teor relativo de água mostraram que a cultivar CTC15 apresentou melhor condição hídrica durante o período de déficit hídrico. A eficiência quântica do fotossistema II da cultivar SP83-2847 mostrou maior estabilidade nos últimos dias do tratamento experimental...

Temperature and modified atmosphere affect the quality of okra

Finger,Fernando Luiz; Della-Justina,Maria Edith; Casali,Vicente Wagner Dias; Puiatti,Mário
Fonte: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz" Publicador: São Paulo - Escola Superior de Agricultura "Luiz de Queiroz"
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.9%
Little information is available on the influence of temperature on plastic films wrapped okra (Albelmoschus esculentus) for their postharvested conservation. This works investigated the influence of the temperature and PVC film on the development of chilling injury and storability from one of the most popular Brazilian cultivar of okra cv. Amarelinho in fruits stored at 5, 10ºC and at 25ºC. Fruits were harvest at commercial maturity stage with length ranging from 8 to 12 cm, and immediately wrapped in PVC over a polystyrene tray and than stored until visible deterioration or wilting symptoms. Lowering the temperature of storage room from 25 to 10 or 5ºC decreased the weight loss in both PVC wrapped and control fruits, with a lower rate at 5ºC. By reducing the temperature to 5 or 10ºC and wrapping the fruits in PVC film, the relative water content of the fruit pericarp was maintained throughout the storage, while at 25ºC the high weight loss was associated with significant reduction of the water content. The development of chilling symptoms was delayed by the presence of PVC film in fruits stored at 5ºC. However, at 10ºC symptoms of pitting were not developed in PVC wrapped or control fruits up to tenth day of storage. The rate of chlorophyll degradation was diminished by reducing the temperature and by wrapping the fruits with PVC film. The appearance of severe chilling symptoms at 5ºC was associated to less chlorophyll in the fruit pericarp on the control as compared to their content in the PVC wrapped fruits.

Use of physiological parameters as fast tools to screen for drought tolerance in sugarcane

Silva,Marcelo de A.; Jifon,John L.; Silva,Jorge A.G. da; Sharma,Vivek
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology Publicador: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.91%
Drought is one of the major limitations to plant productivity worldwide. Identifying suitable screening tools and quantifiable traits would facilitate the crop improvement process for drought tolerance. In the present study, we evaluated the ability of four relatively physiological parameters (variable-to-maximum chlorophyll a fluorescence ratio, F v/F m; estimated leaf chlorophyll content via SPAD index; leaf temperature, LT; and, leaf relative water content, RWC) to distinguish between drought tolerant and susceptible sugarcane genotypes subjected to a 90-d drought cycle. Eight field-grown genotypes were studied. By 45 d after the onset of treatments, the F v/F m, SPAD index and RWC of drought-stressed plants had declined significantly in all genotypes compared to values at the onset of well-watered treatments. However, the reductions were more severe in leaves of susceptible genotypes. Under drought stress, the tolerant genotypes as a group, maintained higher F v/F m (8%), SPAD index (15%), and RWC (16%) than susceptible genotypes. In general, LT of drought-stressed plants was higher (~4ºC) than that of well-watered plants but the relative increase was greater among drought susceptible genotypes. Under drought stress, LT of tolerant genotypes was on average 2.2ºC lower than that of susceptible genotypes. The results are consistent with the tolerant-susceptible classification of these genotypes and indicate that these tools can be reliable in screening for drought tolerance...

Improved tolerance of wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.) to drought stress and rewatering by the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus claroideum: effect on growth and cell membrane stability

Beltrano,José; Ronco,Marta G.
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology Publicador: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2008 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.98%
The aim of this paper was to investigate the contribution of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus claroideum to drought stress tolerance in wheat plants grown under controlled conditions in a growth chamber, and subjected to moderate or severe water stress and rewatering. Water stress tolerance was determined through total dry weight, leaf relative water content, leakage of solutes and leaf chlorophyll and protein concentrations in mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal wheat plants. Total dry weight and leaf chlorophyll concentrations were significantly higher in mycorrhizal plants after moderate or severe water stress treatments compared with non-mycorrhizal ones. Electrolyte leakage was significantly lower in water-stressed inoculated plants. Compared to non-inoculated plants, leaf relative water content and total protein concentration of inoculated individuals increased only under severe water stress. When irrigation was re-established, mycorrhizal plants increased their total dry weight and leaf chlorophyll concentration, and recovered cell membrane permeability in leaves compared with non-mycorrhizal plants. In conclusion, root colonization by G. claroideum could be an adequate strategy to alleviate the deleterious effects of drought stress and retard the senescence syndrome in wheat.

Physiological parameters in sugarcane cultivars submitted to water deficit

Graça,José Perez da; Rodrigues,Fabiana Aparecida; Farias,José Renato Bouças; Oliveira,Maria Cristina Neves de; Hoffmann-Campo,Clara Beatriz; Zingaretti,Sonia Marli
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology Publicador: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.98%
To investigate the processes involved in the susceptibility of sugarcane plants to water deficit, several physiological parameters were evaluated in drought tolerant (SP83-2847 and CTC15) and sensitive (SP86-155) cultivars. The water deficit affected the photosynthetic apparatus of all the plants in different ways, within and among cultivars. The photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance decreased significantly in all cultivars submitted to water deficit. In control plants of the tolerant cultivars (SP83-2847 and CTC15) the photosynthetic rate was higher than in the sensitive cultivar (SP86-155). Cultivar CTC15 showed the highest relative water content during the dry period. The quantum efficiency photosystem II of cultivar SP83-2847 was more stable in the last days of the experimental treatment, suggesting that the decline in relative water content stimulated an adjustment of photosynthetic capacity to tolerate the changes in water availability. As a whole, the tolerant SP83-2847 and CTC15 cultivars exhibited a better photosynthetic performance than the sensitive SP86-155 cultivar. The data suggest that these physiological parameters can be used in the evaluation and distinction of drought tolerant and sensitive sugarcane genotypes.

Growth evaluation and water relations of Erythrina velutina seedlings in response to drought stress

Silva,Elizamar Ciríaco da; Silva,Marcos F. A.; Nogueira,Rejane J. M. C.; Albuquerque,Manoel B.
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology Publicador: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
75.94%
Erythrina velutina Willd. (common name: mulungu) is a deciduous, heliophyte found in the semi-arid region of northeastern Brazil. To evaluate the growth and water relations of mulungu seedlings in soils with different degrees of moisture content, an experiment was carried out under greenhouse conditions using four water treatments (100%, 75%, 50% and 25% of the field capacity- FC). Predawn (Ψpdw) and midday leaf water potential (Ψmdw), relative water content (RWC), plant height, number of leaves, stem diameter, leaf area (LA), specific leaf area (SLA), leaf area ratio (LAR), dry matter in different organs, biomass partitioning and root:shoot ratio were evaluated. No differences were detected between treatments for Ψpdw after 30 days; however, at midday, control plants and those under 75% FC underwent a greater reduction in Ψmdw than plants cultivated with 50% and 25% FC. After 90 days, only the plants under 50% FC exhibited a reduction in Ψmdw. RWC was reduced at midday, but there were no differences between treatments. Nearly all growth parameters were reduced due to water deficit, especially in the plants with 25% FC, as determined by the number of leaves, stem diameter, plant height, LA, SLA and dry mass in several organs. LAR and root:shoot ratio were not affected. Mulungu seedlings seem to have developed rusticity to overcome intermittent droughts with no change in the pattern of dry matter distribution. The maintenance of turgor pressure seems to be more associated to a reduction in the growth ratio than a reduction in leaf water potential.

Evaluation of hydration indexes in kale leaves

Calbo,Adonai G.; Ferreira,Marcos D.
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology Publicador: Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
Hydration indexes are practical variables for quantifying plant water stress and can be useful for agronomic purposes. Three adapted hydration indexes based on relative water content, volumetric hydration, and leaf turgor pressure were evaluated in kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala) leaf segments. Relative water content and volumetric hydration were measured in leaf segments after a water infiltration procedure with the aim of filling its large intercellular volumes (@18%v/v). The infiltration was done using a hydrostatic weighing procedure and with the aid of vacuum to fully hydrate the leaf segments. These two relative indexes were proportional to the transpiration-induced leaf water loss. The third index, turgor pressure, was measured with a Wiltmeter® instrument. Similarly, the turgor pressure was proportional to the leaf water loss, and it decreased from @310kPa in recently harvested leaves to zero in dehydrated leaves, after a total water loss of @23%. Turgor pressure was correlated with the other two hydration indexes using approximations of leaf volumetric elastic modules. Similar estimates were obtained because the decline between turgor pressure and the natural logarithm of these relative leaf hydration indexes was numerically similar (@900kPa). However...

Ploidy levels in Citrus clementine affects leaf morphology, stomatal density and water content

Padoan,Diego; Mossad,Amr; Chiancone,Benedetta; Germana,Maria Antonietta; Khan,Patan Shaik Sha Valli
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Fisiologia Vegetal Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Fisiologia Vegetal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
85.93%
The objective of the present study was to understand the relationship among leaf morphology, stomatal characteristics and water relations in triploids generated through anther culture and their counterpart diploid plant of C. clementina. Triploid plants possessed small and narrow leaves as compared to diploid plant as evident by less leaf length, leaf width and leaf area. By contrast, the leaf index was observed to be more in triploids than haploid ones. Flow cytometric analysis re-confirmed the ploidy levels of heterozygous plant Hd as diploid and the ploidy of Th1, Th2, Th3 and Th4 plants as triploids. A positive relation was found between ploidy level and stomatal guard cell length and width, whereas a negative relation was observed between the stomata density and ploidy level. The stomatal density was reported to be 6.2±0.2 stomata per µm² in diploid plant, while stomatal density varied between 3.0 and 3.6 stomata per µm² in triploids. Leaf relative water content (RWC) was slightly higher in triploids (90.8 to 93.1%) than diploid (89.5%). The leaf water loss was found to be marginally higher in diploid than in triploid plants. Our results show that increase in ploidy level from diploids to triploids caused an effect on leaf morphology and stomatal characteristics with probable consequences to water relations of leaves. This research will serve as an important basis for future work on complete analysis of both morphological and behavioural traits of the leaf stomata and transpiration rates in relation to diploid versus triploid plants.

Rapid Estimates of Relative Water Content

Smart, Richard E.; Bingham, Gail E.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/1974 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.04%
Relative water content may be accurately estimated using the ratio of tissue fresh weight to tissue turgid weight, termed here relative tissue weight. That relative water content and relative tissue weight are linearly related is demonstrated algebraically. The mean value of r2 for grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Shiraz) leaf tissue over eight separate sampling occasions was 0.993. Similarly high values were obtained for maize (Zea mays cv. Cornell M-3) (0.998) and apple (Malus sylvestris cv. Northern Spy) (0.997) using a range of leaf ages. The proposal by Downey and Miller (1971. Rapid measurements of relative turgidity in maize (Zea mays L.). New Phytol. 70: 555-560) that relative water content in maize may be estimated from water uptake was also investigated for grapevine leaves; this was found to be a less reliable estimate than that obtained with relative tissue weight. With either method, there is a need for calibration, although this could be achieved for relative tissue weight at least with only a few subsamples.

Dados hiperespectrais na determinação do conteúdo relativo de água na folha em cana-de-açúcar; Hyperspectral data to determine the relative water content in the sugarcane leaf

Bonilla, Magda Maria Zuleta
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/07/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.9%
A cadeia produtiva da cana-de-açúcar vem sofrendo problemas de diversas naturezas, sendo a mais comum a estiagem, agravada pelas mudanças climáticas que reduzem a disponibilidade de água no solo, afetando diretamente a produtividade da cultura. Uma grande proporção da cultura da cana-de-açúcar não é irrigada, sendo sujeita a alterações entre estações úmidas e secas em condições tropicais e subtropicais, mas quando é irrigada, tem-se observado um incremento significativo na produtividade da cultura. As necessidades hídricas da cultura devem ser atendidas, tanto, na quantidade requerida, quanto no momento oportuno. Para isto, devem ser quantificados parâmetros relacionados com o seu estado hídrico. No entanto, os métodos empregados convencionalmente são demorados, custosos e invasivos. Como alternativa que ajuda a reduzir tempo e custos, o sensoriamento remoto hiperespectral vem sendo utilizado para estimar o estado hídrico em diferentes escalas, uma vez que permite a captura de grande quantidade de informação rapidamente. Para o presente trabalho, o comportamento espectral da vegetação de 400 a 2500 nm, foi utilizado na quantificação de alguns parâmetros que estabelecem o seu estado hídrico. As avaliações tanto em casa de vegetação quanto em laboratório foram feitas em folhas de cana-de-açúcar submetidas a déficit hídrico programado. Para os dados de laboratório foram obtidos R2 > 0...

O controle da água de irrigação através do teor relativo de água e do índice refratométrico em tomateiro; The relative water content and the refratometric index on the control of the water irrigation in the tomato crop

Garcia, Gilberto J.; Scardua, Rubens; Klar, Antonio E.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/1974 POR
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66.04%
O presente trabalho teve por finalidade, verificar a importância das informações obtidas pelo estudo do Teor Relativo de Água dos tecidos das folhas e do Índice Refratométrico do suco celular para o controle da água de irrigação na cultura do tomateiro. Foi instalado um ensaio de verão e outro de inverno, constando cada um de tres tratamentos e sete repetições. A irrigação foi executada pelo método de sulcos de infiltração e as umidades do solo determinadas gravimetricamente. Os respectivos potenciais da água do solo foram calculados com o auxílio da placa de pressão e membrana de pressão. Os tratamentos se referiram a três níveis de potencial da água do solo a .7, 3.0 e 15.0 atm. Os dados obtidos foram utilizados para correlacionar o TRA e o IR com o potencial da água do solo. A análise e resultados obtidos para as condições estudadas, permitiram as conclusões principais: a) a manutenção do potencial da água do solo a níveis elevados proporcionou melhores produções. b) os resultados do TRA correlacionados com os respectivos potenciais da água do solo, proporcionaram um dado útil para o controle da água de irrigação. c) os resultados do IR correlacionados com os respectivos potenciais da água do solo...

Temperatura e atmosfera modificada influenciam a qualidade do quiabo; Temperature and modified atmosphere affect the quality of okra

Finger, Fernando Luiz; Della-Justina, Maria Edith; Casali, Vicente Wagner Dias; Puiatti, Mário
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2008 ENG
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Little information is available on the influence of temperature on plastic films wrapped okra (Albelmoschus esculentus) for their postharvested conservation. This works investigated the influence of the temperature and PVC film on the development of chilling injury and storability from one of the most popular Brazilian cultivar of okra cv. Amarelinho in fruits stored at 5, 10ºC and at 25ºC. Fruits were harvest at commercial maturity stage with length ranging from 8 to 12 cm, and immediately wrapped in PVC over a polystyrene tray and than stored until visible deterioration or wilting symptoms. Lowering the temperature of storage room from 25 to 10 or 5ºC decreased the weight loss in both PVC wrapped and control fruits, with a lower rate at 5ºC. By reducing the temperature to 5 or 10ºC and wrapping the fruits in PVC film, the relative water content of the fruit pericarp was maintained throughout the storage, while at 25ºC the high weight loss was associated with significant reduction of the water content. The development of chilling symptoms was delayed by the presence of PVC film in fruits stored at 5ºC. However, at 10ºC symptoms of pitting were not developed in PVC wrapped or control fruits up to tenth day of storage. The rate of chlorophyll degradation was diminished by reducing the temperature and by wrapping the fruits with PVC film. The appearance of severe chilling symptoms at 5ºC was associated to less chlorophyll in the fruit pericarp on the control as compared to their content in the PVC wrapped fruits.; Para o armazenamento do quiabo (Albelmoschus esculentus) há poucas informações disponíveis sobre a influência da temperatura e filmes plásticos na conservação pós-colheita desta hortaliça. Para investigar a influência da temperatura e do filme de PVC na qualidade e desenvolvimento de sintomas de injúria por frio de uma das mais populares cultivares brasileira de quiabo cv. Amarelinho...

Proline accumulation in pigweed plants (Amaranthus dubius Mart, and Amaranthus cruentus L.) growing under water stress conditions

Ferrarotto S,M
Fonte: Facultad de Agronomía. Universidad del Zulia Publicador: Facultad de Agronomía. Universidad del Zulia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2003 EN
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Many plants accumulate high levels of proline (Pro) in response to water stress, and this is noticeably evident in some mesophytic flowering plants. Generally, these levels are higher than those required to be used in protein synthesis. Even though Pro can act as an osmoprotectant, the increases in pool sizes of metabolites in stressed tissues do not necessarily connote adaptive significance. Amaranthus dubius is widely distributed as a weed in tropical regions, showing a high competitive capacity due to its high growth rate and efficient water extraction from the soil. However, in situ observations show that A. dubius wilts rapidly during laboratory manipulation or when submitted to short water stress periods. The selection of Amaranthus cruentus for this study was made on the basis that this species has been reported as drought tolerant. In this study, plants of A. dubius and A. cruentus were grown under water stress conditions (S) in order to determine if differences in the response in both species were related to Pro accumulation. Water hidric potential (ø) and relative water content (RWC) were determined. The Pro concentration on a fresh weight basis was determined colorimetrically. Dehydration was higher in A. dubius plants in S...