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Modelling a portable personal health record

Santos, João; Pedrosa, Tiago; Costa, Carlos M.; Oliveira, José Luís
Fonte: INSTICC – Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication Publicador: INSTICC – Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Active and responsible involvement of patients in their own health is accepted as an important contribution towards an increased quality of health services in general. Management of Personal Health Information by the patient can play an important role in the improvement in quality of the information available to health care professionals and as a means of patient involvement. Electronic Health Records are a means of storing this kind of information but their management usually falls under the responsibility of an institution and not on the patient himself. A Personal Health Record under the direct control and management of the patient is the natural solution for the problem. When implemented in a storage hardware portable device, a PHR, allows for total mobility. Personal Health Information is very sensitive in nature so any implementation has to address security and privacy issues. With this in mind we propose a structure for a secure Patient Health Record stored in a USB pen device under the patient’s direct management and responsibility.

Informatização do registro clínico essencial para a atenção primária à saúde: um instrumento de apoio às equipes da estratégia saúde da família; Computerization of the essential clinic record to health primary care: a tool to support the family health strategy teams

Roman, Angelmar Constantino
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/05/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
INTRODUÇÃO: A atenção primária à saúde (APS), porta de entrada dos sistemas de saúde organizados, é o nível de atenção de maior contato com as populações e onde as pessoas são atendidas como sujeitos sociais e emocionais com projetos existenciais, sofrimentos e riscos para a saúde e não apenas como portadores de doenças classificáveis. Esse é o modelo da integralidade, opção adotada pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) brasileiro, desde sua criação oficial em 1990, para reorientação da assistência, em busca da consolidação dos seus princípios. Compatível com esses princípios estruturadores, a Medicina de Família e Comunidade (MFC) é a especialidade que atua na APS. Mas, os níveis de atenção secundária e terciária, que embasam seus conceitos no modelo explicativo biomédico, é que determinam discurso e prática da educação médica e delineiam a forma de registrar os eventos clínicos e de codificar os agravos. Essa forma de registrar e codificar revela-se insuficiente para abarcar o universo complexo de achados no cotidiano do atendimento à maioria das pessoas que acorrem à APS. Assim, este trabalho descreve um software de registro essencial, compatível com os princípios do SUS, com os atributos da APS e com as características estruturadoras da MFC...

Análise e avaliação do controle de qualidade de dados hospitalares na região de Ribeirão Preto; Analysis and evaluation of the quality control of hospital data in the Ribeirão Preto region.

Vinci, André Luiz Teixeira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/04/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.97%
Introdução: A Qualidade de Dados é de extrema importância atualmente pela crescente utilização de sistemas de informação, em especial na área da Saúde. O Observatório Regional de Atenção Hospitalar (ORAH) é tido como referência na coleta, processamento e manutenção da qualidade de informações hospitalares devida a extensa base de dados de informações oriundas das Folhas de Alta Hospitalar de hospitais públicos, mistos e privados da região de Ribeirão Preto. Uma verificação sistemática é feita para melhorar a qualidade desses dados impedindo a existência de incompletudes e inconsistências ao final do seu processamento. Objetivo: Estabelecer o panorama da qualidade dos dados das altas hospitalares ocorridas em 2012 para cada hospital parceiro do ORAH na região de Ribeirão Preto. Analisar e identificar o ganho ou perda de qualidade durante as etapas de coleta e processamento dos mesmos. Métodos: Análise do fluxo das informações dentro dos hospitais conveniados ao ORAH em conjunto com a análise da qualidade dos dados armazenados pelo ORAH após seu processamento, a partir da criação de indicadores de completude e consistência. Avaliação da qualidade dos dados em cada etapa do protocolo interno de verificação adotado pelo ORAH...

Elaboração de uma estratégia de deduplicação de dados utilizando técnicas de blocagem em um cadastro hospitalar de pacientes; Elaborating a record linkage strategy using blocking techniques on a hospital patients database

Bohm, Luiz Fernando
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
O presente trabalho consiste na elaboração de uma estratégia de deduplicação de dados utilizando técnicas de blocagem e algoritmos fonéticos em um cadastro hospitalar de pacientes. A chave de blocagem que apresenta a maior qualidade é a chave que utiliza os algoritmos fonéticos Soundex em conjunto com o BuscaBR, aplicados ao nome da mãe do paciente. Todos os passos realizados na preparação da base de dados de testes, no préprocessamento dos dados, na deduplicação dos registros da base de dados completa e todas as métricas utilizadas na análise da qualidade dos resultados estão detalhados. Como resultado deste trabalho é apresentada a estratégia de deduplicação que maximiza a quantidade de registros duplicados encontrados em uma base de dados de testes previamente avaliada, assim como o conjunto de registros possivelmente duplicados que foram encontrados na base de dados completa. Também são analisadas propostas adicionais para melhorar o desempenho e a qualidade do processo de blocagem e deduplicação.; This work consists in elaborating a record linkage strategy using blocking techniques and phonetic algorithms on a hospital patient’s database. The blocking key with the highest quality was the key using the phonetic algorithms Soundex combined with the BuscaBR...

DVINE – The Douro vineyards, World Heritage Patrimony: Assessing the impact of an ancient activity in the quality of sediment and water in the Douro

Patinha, Carla; Reis, Paula; Ferreira da Silva, Eduardo; Cachada, A.; Sousa, A.J.; Terroso, D.; Rocha, Fernando; Vidinha, A.D.; Almeida, M.; Sequeira, C.; Martins, P.; Fonseca, Rita
Fonte: VIII Congresso Ibérico de Geoquímica Publicador: VIII Congresso Ibérico de Geoquímica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Port wine vineyards along the margins of the Douro River are socio-culturally important, as Port wine is a world class agricultural product. While the tradition and economic beneficts of the crop are considerable, the intensive use of fertilizers, fungicides and pesticides to disease control in the vineyard is corrently raising public concern. The principal aim of this project is to assess the effect of intensive vine cultivation in the composition of sediments of the Douro river and its effect in water quality, and the changes in soil and sediment microbial community. We intend establishing patterns of inorganic and organic pollution, investigating the relationship between vineyard soils and element concentration in sediments, studying metals speciation in sediments, assessing the impact of contamination in water quality, and assessing the risk posed by these natural matrices to the biota. Comparison of the present situation with the record of the past as registred in sediment cores will allow assessing the impact of past and current land use on the river that may assist in developing future environmental strategies for the catchment. We will seek in particular the record of changes related to vine cultivation over time.

Voluntary electronic patient record state of the art

Carneiro, Carla Margarida da Silva
Fonte: Universidade da Beira Interior Publicador: Universidade da Beira Interior
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /05/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
Introduction: With an ongoing economic crisis, Portugal and many other countries are looking into ways to increase efficiencies in all sectors. With almost 10% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) spent in Healthcare, there is a need to improve the use of resources. A Voluntary Electronic Patient Record (VEPR) is an online record of health and healthcare related data provided by the patient himself, available to him, and his authorized health care providers and relatives, in a ubiquitous way anywhere/everywhere. According to some authors through VEPRs, every health institution could have an easier access to a summary of the patient’s most important health data if needed and authorized. Just like Portugal, Australia, for example, is currently preparing a health care reform and the implementation of a Personally Controlled Electronic Health Record (PCEHR) system is also being studied. Surveys to general practitioners and consumers of eHealth are being conducted in order to evaluate the quality and sustainability of Australia’s health care and to develop change and adoption strategies for the PCEHR system. VEPRs can be provided by private companies, hospitals and health organizations or health departments of governments themselves. In Portugal there is at least one VEPR free of charge provided by a private company. This has raised issues of security of data and risks...

Changing core beliefs with trial-based cognitive therapy may improve quality of life in social phobia: a randomized study

Powell,Vania Bitencourt; Oliveira,Olivia Haun de; Seixas,Camila; Almeida,Cláudia; Grangeon,Maria Conceição; Caldas,Milke; Bonfim,Thaís Delavechia; Castro,Martha; Almeida,Amanda Galvão-de; Moraes,Roberta de Oliveira; Sudak,Donna; de-Oliveira,Irismar R
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.06%
Objective: To determine whether there are differences in quality of life (QoL) improvement after treatment with the trial-based thought record (TBTR) versus conventional cognitive therapy (CCT) in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). Method: A randomized trial comparing TBTR with a set of CCT techniques, which included the standard 7-column dysfunctional thought record (DTR) and the positive data log (PDL) in patients with SAD, generalized type. Results: Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed a significant time effect in the general health, vitality, social functioning, and mental health domains of the Short Form 36. It also indicated significant treatment effects on the bodily pain, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health domains, with higher scores in the TBTR group. One-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), using pretreatment values as covariates, showed that TBTR was associated with significantly better QoL post-treatment (bodily pain, social functioning and role-emotional) and at follow-up (role-emotional). A significant treatment effect on the role-emotional domain at 12-month follow-up denoted a sustained effect of TBTR relative to CCT. Conclusion: This study provided preliminary evidence that TBTR is at least as effective as CCT in improving several domains of QoL in SAD...

Quality of clinical trials: A moving target

Bhatt, Arun
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.95%
Quality of clinical trials depends on data integrity and subject protection. Globalization, outsourcing and increasing complexicity of clinical trials have made the target of achieving global quality challenging. The quality, as judged by regulatory inspections of the investigator sites, sponsors/contract research organizations and Institutional Review Board, has been of concern to the US Food and Drug Administration, as there has been hardly any change in frequency and nature of common deficiencies. To meet the regulatory expectations, the sponsors need to improve quality by developing systems with specific standards for each clinical trial process. The quality systems include: personnel roles and responsibilities, training, policies and procedures, quality assurance and auditing, document management, record retention, and reporting and corrective and preventive action. With an objective to improve quality, the FDA has planned new inspection approaches such as risk-based inspections, surveillance inspections, real-time oversight, and audit of sponsor quality systems. The FDA has partnered with Duke University for Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative, which will conduct research projects on design principles, data quality and quantity including monitoring...

Discriminating signal from noise in the fossil record of early vertebrates reveals cryptic evolutionary history

Sansom, Robert S.; Randle, Emma; Donoghue, Philip C. J.
Fonte: The Royal Society Publicador: The Royal Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/02/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
The fossil record of early vertebrates has been influential in elucidating the evolutionary assembly of the gnathostome bodyplan. Understanding of the timing and tempo of vertebrate innovations remains, however, mired in a literal reading of the fossil record. Early jawless vertebrates (ostracoderms) exhibit restriction to shallow-water environments. The distribution of their stratigraphic occurrences therefore reflects not only flux in diversity, but also secular variation in facies representation of the rock record. Using stratigraphic, phylogenetic and palaeoenvironmental data, we assessed the veracity of the fossil records of the jawless relatives of jawed vertebrates (Osteostraci, Galeaspida, Thelodonti, Heterostraci). Non-random models of fossil recovery potential using Palaeozoic sea-level changes were used to calculate confidence intervals of clade origins. These intervals extend the timescale for possible origins into the Upper Ordovician; these estimates ameliorate the long ghost lineages inferred for Osteostraci, Galeaspida and Heterostraci, given their known stratigraphic occurrences and stem–gnathostome phylogeny. Diversity changes through the Silurian and Devonian were found to lie within the expected limits predicted from estimates of fossil record quality indicating that it is geological...

Scalable and approximate privacy-preserving record linkage

Vatsalan, Dinusha
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.12%
Record linkage, the task of linking multiple databases with the aim to identify records that refer to the same entity, is occurring increasingly in many application areas. Generally, unique entity identifiers are not available in all the databases to be linked. Therefore, record linkage requires the use of personal identifying attributes, such as names and addresses, to identify matching records that need to be reconciled to the same entity. Often, it is not permissible to exchange personal identifying data across different organizations due to privacy and confidentiality concerns or regulations. This has led to the novel research area of privacy-preserving record linkage (PPRL). PPRL addresses the problem of how to link different databases to identify records that correspond to the same real-world entities, without revealing the identities of these entities or any private or confidential information to any party involved in the process, or to any external party, such as a researcher. The three key challenges that a PPRL solution in a real-world context needs to address are (1) scalability to largedatabases by efficiently conducting linkage; (2) achieving high quality of linkage through the use of approximate (string) matching and effective classification of the compared record pairs into matches (i.e. pairs of records that refer to the same entity) and non-matches (i.e. pairs of records that refer to different entities); and (3) provision of sufficient privacy guarantees such that the interested parties only learn the actual values of certain attributes of the records that were classified as matches...

Lessons to be learnt: evaluating aspects of patient safety culture and quality improvement within an intensive care unit.

Panozzo, Stacey J.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2007
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Patient safety is of particular importance within intensive care units (ICUs), where critically ill, vulnerable patients receive complex multidisciplinary care. Prior research has indicated that improving patient safety and reducing errors within healthcare requires a focus on systems and organisational culture issues. This thesis was concerned with three studies. One focused on assessing the patient safety culture and two on quality improvement initiatives within an intensive care unit (ICU) of a large teaching hospital. The first study involved a survey of ICU consultant, registrar and nursing staff regarding aspects of safety culture. This was conducted using an existing Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture. Of the twelve patient safety culture composites assessed, eight had scores lower than 50%, highlighting these as areas for improvement. Overall, while the survey results revealed that teamwork within the ICU was considered a strength, event reporting and patient care handovers and transitions were both considered areas with potential for improvement. The second study focused on the evaluation of a change initiative designed to improve the handover of patient clinical information in the ICU. This study involved a survey and interviews with consultant...

Preliminary results of a power quality survey in a distribution network bases on No‐Gap PQ meters

González, A.; Madrazo Maza, Alfredo; Laso Pérez, Alberto; Martínez Torre, Raquel; Domingo Fernández, Rodrigo; Mañana Canteli, Mario; Arroyo Gutiérrez, Alberto; Cavia Soto, María de los Ángeles
Fonte: European Association for the Development of Renewable Energies, Environment and Power Quality (EA4EPQ) Publicador: European Association for the Development of Renewable Energies, Environment and Power Quality (EA4EPQ)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; publishedVersion
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.93%
This paper describes a preliminary experience with the installation and use of a no-gap power quality meter network along a distribution grid in the North of Spain. No-gap power quality meters record all cycles of voltage and current waveform for all the monitored channels. This approach extends the analysis further than the classical approach provided by other power quality meters that records only survey data and events triggered according predefined rules. A comparison with the classical approach is discussed and the results of a two year power quality survey are also provided.

Towards Parameter-free Blocking for Scalable Record Linkage

Christen, Peter
Fonte: ANU Department of Computer Science, FEIT Publicador: ANU Department of Computer Science, FEIT
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%
Linking or matching databases is becoming increasingly important in many data mining projects, as linked data can contain information that is not available otherwise, or that would be too expensive to collect. A main challenge when linking large databases is the complexity of the linkage process: potentially each record in one database has to be compared with all records in the other database. Various techniques, collectively know as `blocking', have been developed to deal with this quadratic complexity. Most of these techniques require several parameters to be set by the user in order to achieve good results. In this paper we evaluate six blocking techniques within a common framework with regard to the number and quality of the candidate record pairs generated. We propose a modification to two existing techniques that reduces the variance in the quality of the blocking results over a range of parameter values, enabling more robust, practical record linkage without the need of time consuming manual parameter tuning.; no

Voluntary electronic patient record state of the art

Carneiro, Carla Margarida da Silva
Fonte: Universidade da Beira Interior Publicador: Universidade da Beira Interior
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /05/2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
Introduction: With an ongoing economic crisis, Portugal and many other countries are looking into ways to increase efficiencies in all sectors. With almost 10% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) spent in Healthcare, there is a need to improve the use of resources. A Voluntary Electronic Patient Record (VEPR) is an online record of health and healthcare related data provided by the patient himself, available to him, and his authorized health care providers and relatives, in a ubiquitous way anywhere/everywhere. According to some authors through VEPRs, every health institution could have an easier access to a summary of the patient’s most important health data if needed and authorized. Just like Portugal, Australia, for example, is currently preparing a health care reform and the implementation of a Personally Controlled Electronic Health Record (PCEHR) system is also being studied. Surveys to general practitioners and consumers of eHealth are being conducted in order to evaluate the quality and sustainability of Australia’s health care and to develop change and adoption strategies for the PCEHR system. VEPRs can be provided by private companies, hospitals and health organizations or health departments of governments themselves. In Portugal there is at least one VEPR free of charge provided by a private company. This has raised issues of security of data and risks...

The Completeness of the Fossil Record of Mesozoic Birds: Implications for Early Avian Evolution

Brocklehurst, Neil; Upchurch, Paul; Mannion, Philip D.; O'Connor, Jingmai
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 25/06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.23%
Many palaeobiological analyses have concluded that modern birds (Neornithes) radiated no earlier than the Maastrichtian, whereas molecular clock studies have argued for a much earlier origination. Here, we assess the quality of the fossil record of Mesozoic avian species, using a recently proposed character completeness metric which calculates the percentage of phylogenetic characters that can be scored for each taxon. Estimates of fossil record quality are plotted against geological time and compared to estimates of species level diversity, sea level, and depositional environment. Geographical controls on the avian fossil record are investigated by comparing the completeness scores of species in different continental regions and latitudinal bins. Avian fossil record quality varies greatly with peaks during the Tithonian-early Berriasian, Aptian, and Coniacian–Santonian, and troughs during the Albian-Turonian and the Maastrichtian. The completeness metric correlates more strongly with a ‘sampling corrected’ residual diversity curve of avian species than with the raw taxic diversity curve, suggesting that the abundance and diversity of birds might influence the probability of high quality specimens being preserved. There is no correlation between avian completeness and sea level...

A comparative study of six European databases of medically oriented Web resources

Abad García, Francisca; González Teruel, Aurora; Bayo Calduch, Patricia; Ramón Frías, Rosa de; Castillo Blasco, Lourdes
Fonte: Medical Library Association Publicador: Medical Library Association
Tipo: Artículo Formato: 163125 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.01%
[Objectives] The paper describes six European medically oriented databases of Web resources, pertaining to five quality-controlled subject gateways, and compares their performance.; [Method] The characteristics, coverage, procedure for selecting Web resources, record structure, searching possibilities, and existence of user assistance were described for each database. Performance indicators for each database were obtained by means of searches carried out using the key words, "myocardial infarction".; [Results] Most of the databases originated in the 1990s in an academic or library context and include all types of Web resources of an international nature. Five databases use Medical Subject Headings. The number of fields per record varies between three and nineteen. The language of the search interfaces is mostly English, and some of them allow searches in other languages. In some databases, the search can be extended to Pubmed. Organizing Medical Networked Information, Catalogue et Index des Sites Médicaux Francophones, and Diseases, Disorders and Related Topics produced the best results.; [Conclusions] The usefulness of these databases as quick reference resources is clear. In addition, their lack of content overlap means that, for the user...

Evidence from district level inputs to improve quality of care for maternal and newborn health: interventions and findings

Salam, R.A.; Lassi, Z.S.; Das, J.K.; Bhutta, Z.A.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.99%
District level healthcare serves as a nexus between community and district level facilities. Inputs at the district level can be broadly divided into governance and accountability mechanisms; leadership and supervision; financial platforms; and information systems. This paper aims to evaluate the effectivness of district level inputs for imporving maternal and newborn health. We considered all available systematic reviews published before May 2013 on the pre-defined district level interventions and included 47 systematic reviews. Evidence suggests that supervision positively influenced provider's practice, knowledge and client/provider satisfaction. Involving local opinion leaders to promote evidence-based practice improved compliance to the desired practice. Audit and feedback mechanisms and tele-medicine were found to be associated with improved immunization rates and mammogram uptake. User-directed financial schemes including maternal vouchers, user fee exemption and community based health insurance showed significant impact on maternal health service utilization with voucher schemes showing the most significant positive impact across all range of outcomes including antenatal care, skilled birth attendant, institutional delivery...

Coral record of increased sediment flux to the inner Great Barrier Reef since European settlement

McCulloch, Malcolm; Fallon, Stewart; Wyndham, Timothy; Hendy, E; Lough, Janice; Barnes, David
Fonte: Macmillan Publishers Ltd Publicador: Macmillan Publishers Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.06%
The effect of European settlement on water quality in the Great Barrier Reef of Australia is a long-standing and controversial issue. Erosion and sediment transport in river catchments in this region have increased substantially since European settlement, but the magnitude of these changes remains uncertain. Here we report analyses of Ba/Ca ratios in long-lived Porites coral from Havannah Reef - a site on the inner Great Barrier Reef that is influenced by flood plumes from the Burdekin river - to establish a record of sediment fluxes from about 1750 to 1998. We find that, in the early part of the record, suspended sediment from river floods reached the inner reef area only occasionally, whereas after about 1870 - following the beginning of European settlement - a five- to tenfold increase in the delivery of sediments is recorded with the highest fluxes occurring during the drought-breaking floods. We conclude that, since European settlement, land-use practices such as clearing and overstocking have led to major degradation of the semi-arid river catchments, resulting in substantially increased sediment loads entering the inner Great Barrier Reef.

Assessment of record keeping at schools for learners with special educational needs in the Western Cape

Rischmüller,Renee; Franzsen,Denise
Fonte: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy Publicador: South African Journal of Occupational Therapy
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.13%
This study investigated occupational therapy record keeping at schools for learners with special educational needs (LSEN). A review of the records in the form of an audit on 76 occupational therapy files at four LSEN schools was completed using a checklist designed for the purpose of the research. Except for the general section on record keeping in the audit most of the information on the checklist was recorded less than 50% of the time in the learners' files. A number of factors including the roles and expectations of occupational therapists at the schools and a lack of clear guidelines from the Western Cape Education Department as to what should be recorded were found to influence record keeping. The quality of record keeping in terms of access, storage and retrieval was also considered. A redesigned checklist was drawn up to assist occupational therapists at LSEN schools to audit their records and to use as a guideline for improving the quality of the record keeping.

Historical mammal distribution data: how reliable are written records?

Boshoff,Andre F; Kerley,Graham I.H
Fonte: South African Journal of Science Publicador: South African Journal of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.04%
Written historical records are widely used to estimate the previous distributions of the larger mammals in southern Africa. However, such records have some limitations and the use of those older than 100 years has been questioned. Written historical records, from the broader Eastern Cape, South Africa, were investigated to examine this contention critically. They were classified according to record quality (acceptability of identification and precision of locality) and analysed according to two levels: 'all' species and 'noticeable' versus 'non-noticeable' species. Records that comprise acceptable identification and precise locality information are the most suitable for mapping historical distributions; they form 33% of the records for the 27 mammal species analysed. A further 49% of the records have acceptable identification but imprecise locality information; they can fulfil a useful function when supported by records where both parameters are of good quality. Thus, the majority (82%) of written historical records from the study area are useful for compiling historical distribution maps and the quality of these records is consistent back to 1750 for this data set. The number and quality of written historical records varies between species. Historical distribution data should be evaluated for reliability (quality) and degree of usefulness...