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Compreensão leitora nas aulas de ciências; Reading comprehension in science classes

Souza, Luciana Sedano de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 16/04/2010 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.66%
A formação de leitores autônomos e competentes é uma meta presente em diferentes sistemas educacionais e almejada nas diversas disciplinas escolares. Nos primeiros anos do ensino fundamental, a formalização do processo de leitura se dá junto com a construção de outros conceitos presentes nas áreas de conhecimento. Neste trabalho apresentamos alguns indícios da compreensão leitora em aulas de Ciências. A partir da aplicação de uma sequência didática (SD) em ensino de Ciências, os alunos são convidados a ler os textos apresentados grifando o que consideram ser as ideias principais. Após cada leitura, há uma discussão coletiva, na qual os alunos podem relatar seus destaques e explicar o porquê de cada um deles. A sequência didática em questão traz uma proposta de ensino de Ciências baseada na problematização, investigação, experimentação e trabalho em grupo. Parte do problema físico o problema do submarino. Após a resolução do problema, discussão coletiva sobre o como e o porquê, relação com o cotidiano e registro, a SD apresenta ao aluno uma série de atividades que acreditamos proporcionar e valorizar o fazer Ciências. Parte dessa SD trabalha com a proposta de leitura de textos científicos...

Psycholinguistic determinants of reading comprehension in english as a foreign language

Vivaldo-Lima,Javier; López-Olivas,Miguel; González-Robles,Rosa Obdulia
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Psicologia Escolar e Educacional (ABRAPEE) Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Psicologia Escolar e Educacional (ABRAPEE)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2003 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.64%
The purpose of this study was to analyze the contribution of linguistic and psychological variables in the explanation of the variance associated with reading comprehension in English (L2). Two hundred and eighty Mexican university students participated in the study. The variables analyzed within the linguistic dimension were: reading strategies in Spanish, linguistic competence in English, and ability to perceive lexical transparency between L1 and L2. The psychological dimension evaluated the influence of the reader’s cognitive style, locus of control, and action control orientation on reading comprehension in L2. Subjects were administered a battery of seven evaluation instruments. Multiple regression analyses suggested a two-stage explanatory model of reading in L2. Firstly, psychological variables accounted for 10.0% of the variance in reading comprehension in the first language. Secondly, reading comprehension in Spanish, linguistic competence in L2, and perception of lexical transparency, accounted for 35.5% of the variance in reading comprehension in English.

A Longitudinal Exploration of the Relationship Between Oral Reading Fluency and Reading Comprehension Achievement Among a Sample of Diverse Young Learners

Acquavita, Teri L.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.73%
Exploring the relationship between early oral reading fluency ability and reading comprehension achievement among an ethnically and racially diverse sample of young learners from low-income families, attending elementary school within a large public school district in southeast Florida is the purpose of this longitudinal study. Although many studies have been conducted to address the relationship between oral reading fluency ability and reading comprehension achievement, most of the existing research failed either to disaggregate the data by demographic subgroups or secure a large enough sample of students to adequately represent the diverse subgroups. The research questions that guided this study were: (a) To what extent does early oral reading fluency ability measured in first, second, or third grade correlate with reading comprehension achievement in third grade? (b) To what extent does the relationship of early oral reading fluency ability and reading comprehension achievement vary by demographic subgroup membership (i.e., gender, race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status) among a diverse sample of students? A predictive research design using archived secondary data was employed in this nonexperimental quantitative methods study of 1...

The Relationship between Scaffolding Metacognitive Strategies identified through Dialogue Journals and Second Graders’ Reading Comprehension, Science Achievement, and Metacognition using Expository Text

Franco-Castillo, Iliana
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.64%
Poor informational reading and writing skills in early grades and the need to provide students more experience with informational text have been identified by research as areas of concern. Wilkinson and Son (2011) support future research in dialogic approaches to investigate the impact dialogic teaching has on comprehension. This study (N = 39) examined the gains in reading comprehension, science achievement, and metacognitive functioning of individual second grade students interacting with instructors using dialogue journals alongside their textbook. The 38 week study consisted of two instructional phases, and three assessment points. After a period of oral metacognitive strategies, one class formed the treatment group (n=17), consisting of two teachers following the co-teaching method, and two classes formed the comparison group (n=22). The dialogue journal intervention for the treatment group embraced the transactional theory of instruction through the use of dialogic interaction between teachers and students. Students took notes on the assigned lesson after an oral discussion. Teachers responded to students’ entries with scaffolding using reading strategies (prior knowledge, skim, slow down, mental integration, and diagrams) modeled after Schraw’s (1998) strategy evaluation matrix...

The Relationship of Culturally Responsive Instruction and the Reading Comprehension and Attitude of Struggling Urban Adolescent Readers

Olukolu, Rona M
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.64%
Culturally responsive instruction refers to the identification of relevant cultural aspects of students’ lives and infusion of these into the curriculum. This instructional approach assumes that a culturally appropriate curriculum can potentially motivate, engage, and lead students to higher rates of achievement. This quasi-experimental study (N=44) investigated the relationship of culturally responsive instruction and the reading comprehension and attitude of struggling urban adolescent readers. The study incorporated the use of culturally responsive instruction using culturally relevant literature (CRL), the Bluford Series Novels, as authentic texts of instruction. Participants were seventh grade reading students at a Title I middle school in South Florida. After a baseline period, two different classes were taught for 8 weeks using different methods. One class formed the experimental group (n=22) and the other class formed the comparison group (n=22). The CRI curriculum for the experimental group embraced the socio-cultural perspective through the use of small discussion groups in which students read and constructed meaning with peers through interaction with the Bluford Series Novels; gave written responses to multiple strategies according to SCRAP – Summarize...

Actividad de comprensión lectora en un aula de 4º educación primaria: observación y análisis de los tipos de comprensión lectora desarrollados y las ayudas aportadas por el docente; Activity of reading comprehension in the classroom of 4th primary education: observation and analysis of the types of reading comprehension developed and the helps given by the teacher

Gandarillas Fernández, Blanca
Fonte: Universidade de Cantabria Publicador: Universidade de Cantabria
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.63%
RESUMEN: A lo largo de toda nuestra vida estamos en contacto con textos o lecturas que precisan de una interpretación y asimilación de información, lo cual nos permite avanzar en los distintos ámbitos sociales: personal, académico y/o profesional. Por lo tanto, resulta fundamental el papel que juega la comunidad educativa en el fomento del desarrollo de la comprensión lectora desde las aulas. En esta investigación pretendemos observar y analizar qué tipo de ayudas facilita el docente a sus alumnos para poder extraer y reflexionar las ideas adecuadas del texto, así como estudiar cómo son trabajadas y quién presenta una mayor participación en el aula. De este modo se podrá establecer la comprensión lectora llevada a cabo. Contamos con la participación de 23 estudiantes de 4º de Educación Primaria y su tutora. Para nuestro estudio, hemos empleado unos instrumentos de observación y análisis de la actividad de comprensión lectora y de la interacción entre el docente y sus alumnos. De los datos analizados en este estudio, podemos afirmar que la docente imparte unas sesiones en las cuales sus alumnos están dirigidos por sus ayudas. Principalmente, acude a las ayudas regulatorias que proponen estrategias...

Impacto da fluência de leitura e da metacompreensão na compreensão da leitura; Impact of reading fluency and metacomprehension in reading comprehension

Collus, Jorge André Rocha Alves Soveral
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.68%
Dissertação de mestrado integrado em Psicologia; O objectivo deste estudo é o de analisar o efeito da fluência de leitura e de estratégias cognitivas e metacognitivas de leitura na compreensão da leitura. Constituiu-se, para o efeito, uma amostra de 171 alunos do 6.º ano de escolaridade do ensino básico. A fluência de leitura foi avaliada a partir do número de palavras lidas corretamente por minuto e as estratégias cognitivas e metacognitivas com a escala “Reading Strategy Use”. A compreensão da leitura foi avaliada a partir dos resultados obtidos pelos alunos no Exame Nacional de Português. Verificou-se que a correlação entre a fluência de leitura e a compreensão da leitura foi estatisticamente significativa. Já as estratégias cognitivas e metacognitivas apresentaram correlações baixas com a compreensão da leitura. A análise de regressão linear usando como preditor a fluência de leitura confirmou que esta variável é preditora da compreensão da leitura. São discutidos os resultados obtidos e analisadas algumas das suas implicações práticas.; The aim of this research is to study the impact of reading fluency, and cognitive and metacognitive reading strategies on reading comprehension. A sample of 171 6th grade students (basic education) was selected for that purpose. Reading fluency was assessed according to the number of correctly read words per minute...

Influencing EFL learners??? reading comprehension and self-efficacy beliefs: the effect of concept mapping strategy

Khajavi, Yaser; Ketabi, Saeed
Fonte: Universidad de Granada Publicador: Universidad de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.58%
This study aims to investigate the influence of concept mapping on reading comprehension and self-efficacy of intermediate EFL students in Iran. To fulfill the aims of the study, 60 participants (21 males and 39 females) were selected. Their age ranged between 19 and 23. A randomized pre-test post-test control group design with a concept mapping group and a traditional method group was employed. Prior to the treatment, both the concept mapping group and the traditional method group were administered pre-tests in reading comprehension and self-efficacy. Eight items in the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire MSLQ which measure self-efficacy were applied to measure students' self-efficacy beliefs. The duration of training was ten weeks. At the conclusion of the training, all participants again completed the achievement test as well as self-efficacy scale. After controlling the effects of pre-test scores, results of ANCOVA revealed that students in the concept mapping group showed greater achievement in reading comprehension and self-efficacy than students in the traditional method strategy group. The findings of this study could have some implications for teaching reading comprehension to EFL students.; Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la influencia de los mapas conceptuales en la comprensi??n de la lectura y en la autoeficacia de estudiantes de ingl??s de nivel intermedio en Ir??n. Para cumplir los objetivos del estudio...

Exploring the use of effective learning strategies to increase students' reading comprehension and test taking skills /

Radojevic, Nancy.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.76%
This study examined the effects of providing students with explicit instruction in how to use a repertoire of reading comprehension strategies and test taking skills when reading and responding to three types of questions (direct, inferential, critical). Specifically, the study examined whether providing students with a "model" of how to read and respond to the text and to the comprehension questions improved their reading comprehension relative to providing them with implicit instruction on reading comprehension strategies and test taking skills. Students' reading comprehension and test taking performance scores were compared as a function of instructional condition. Students from 2 grade 8 classes participated in this study. The reading component of the Canadian Achievement Tests, Third Edition (CAT/3) was used to identify students' level of reading comprehension prior to the formal instructional sessions. Students received either explicit instruction, which involved modelling, or implicit instruction, which consisted of review and discussion of the strategies to be used. Comprehension was measured through the administration of formative tests after each instructional session. The formative tests consisted of reading comprehension questions pertaining to a specific form of text (narrative...

Exploring the use of prediction and summarization to increase students' listening and reading comprehension /

Forgrave, Karen.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.68%
This study examined the effect of expHcitly instructing students to use a repertoire of reading comprehension strategies. Specifically, this study examined whether providing students with a "predictive story-frame" which combined the use of prediction and summarization strategies improved their reading comprehension relative to providing students with generic instruction on prediction and summarization. Results were examined in terms of instructional condition and reading ability. Students from 2 grade 4 classes participated in this study. The reading component of the Canadian Achievement Tests, Second Edition (CAT/2) was used to identify students as either "average or above average" or "below average" readers. Students received either strategic predication and summarization instruction (story-frame) or generic prediction and summarization instruction (notepad). Students were provided with new but comparable stories for each session. For both groups, the researcher modelled the strategic tools and provided guided practice, independent practice, and independent reading sessions. Comprehension was measured with an immediate and 1-week delayed comprehension test for each of the 4 stories, hi addition, students participated in a 1- week delayed interview...

The Impact of a Text-Reader Support Program on Intermediate Students' Reading Comprehension

McGee, Tieha
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.62%
This study examined the efficacy of providing four Grade 7 and 8 students with reading difficulties with explicit instruction in the use of reading comprehension strategies while using text-reader software. Specifically, the study explored participants' combined use of a text-reader and question-answering comprehension strategy during a 6-week instructional program. Using a qualitative case study methodology approach, participants' experiences using text-reader software, with the presence of explicit instruction in evidence-based reading comprehension strategies, were examined. The study involved three phases: (a) the first phase consisted of individual interviews with the participants and their parents; (b) the second phase consisted of a nine session course; and (c) the third phase consisted of individual exit interviews and a focus group discussion. After the data collection phases were completed, data were analyzed and coded for emerging themes, with-quantitativ,e measures of participants' reading performance used as descriptive data. The data suggested that assistive technology can serve as an instructional "hook", motivating students to engage actively in the reading processes, especially when accompanied by explicit strategy instruction. Participants' experiences also reflected development of strategy use and use of text-reader software and the importance of social interactions in developing reading comprehension skills. The findings of this study support the view that the integration of instruction using evidence-based practices are important and vital components in the inclusion oftext-reader software as part of students' educational programming. Also...

Understanding Reading Comprehension in English Immersion Students in China

Li, Miao
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.77%
Compared to research on English as a First Language (EL1) reading comprehension, there is a dearth of studies investigating English as a Second Language (ESL) reading comprehension. This dissertation reports findings from two studies which examined the cognitive processes underlying English reading comprehension in Chinese ESL students. Two-hundred and forty six Grade 8 students in an English immersion program in a junior middle school in China were administered a battery of reading-related and reading comprehension tests. The first study investigated the cognitive predictors of English reading comprehension in these students. It tested whether the Simple View of Reading model (Gough & Tunmer, 1986) applied to Chinese ESL students and whether the effects of breadth and depth of vocabulary contributed to different levels of reading comprehension. The results showed that the Simple View of Reading model did not predict Chinese English-immersion students’ reading comprehension well. Vocabulary as well as inference and strategy added further variance to the general understanding of text. Vocabulary breadth and depth explained unique variance in reading comprehension, with vocabulary breadth contributing more to general understanding of text and vocabulary depth to deep processing of text. The second study explored characteristics of reading comprehension difficulties among Chinese English-immersion students. Three groups of comprehenders matched on age...

Understanding Reading Comprehension Performance in High School Students

KWIATKOWSKA-WHITE, BOZENA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.74%
The ability to extract meaning from text is an important skill. Yet many students struggle with effectively comprehending what they read. In comparison with research carried out with younger students, there is a lack of research in the reading comprehension of adolescents (Grades 4 – 12). The goal of this dissertation was to increase our understanding of the factors that underlie the poor reading comprehension abilities of this older group of students. This dissertation includes two studies drawn from a sample of 137 age 15 year old high school students. Study One utilized archival data from government mandated tests of reading achievement of 78 students administered in Grades 3, 6, and 10, and results from a commercially available test of reading comprehension administered in Grade 10. This longitudinal study examined the prevalence of the stability, cumulative growth, and compensatory models in reading comprehension development. Probabilities of later-grade reading achievement categorization conditioned on earlier-grade reading achievement were computed, the prevalence of developmental paths was estimated, and tests of regression to the mean were conducted. Overall findings suggest considerable stability across time. Study Two examined the specificity of the comprehension weaknesses of 15 year old readers whose comprehension skills are below those expected from their skill in word reading and nonverbal ability (unexpected poor comprehenders). Regression analyses identified unexpected poor comprehenders...

EXPLORING THE ROLE OF PROSODIC AWARENESS AND EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS IN WORD READING AND READING COMPREHENSION: A STUDY OF COGNITIVE FLEXIBILITY IN ADULT READERS

Chan, JESSICA S.
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.7%
The current study examined the phonological process of prosodic ability in a model of adult word reading and reading comprehension ability. All phonological tasks involve executive functions (EF) reflected in an individual’s flexibility for manipulating different components of language. To account for the EF demands involved in phonological tasks of reading, EF was assessed using measures of inhibitory control and switching attention as both a control variable and predictor in each model of reading. Two research questions guided the study: 1) Do prosodic ability and EF make independent contributions to word reading, and reading comprehension ability when controlling for the other? 2) Do prosodic ability and EF make unique contributions to word reading, and reading comprehension ability when controlling for the other, in addition to controlling for vocabulary, fluid (nonverbal) intelligence, rapid automatized naming (RAN - Digits), and phonological short-term memory (PSTM)? Participants were one hundred and three native-English speaking adults (18 to 55 years of age) recruited from Eastern Ontario. A total of 8 regression models were tested. The analyses revealed unique contributions of prosodic ability in adult word reading achievement...

Relações entre as condutas reveladas na Compreensão Leitora e no jogo Quarto de alunos do ensino médio; Relations between the behavior revealed in levels of reading comprehension of the game "Quarto" in High School students

Tânia Regina Pascutti Zacarias
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2013 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.67%
A presente pesquisa, fundamentada na Teoria da Epistemologia Genética de Jean Piaget, investigou se há correspondência entre as condutas reveladas nos níveis de compreensão leitora e os níveis de condutas no jogo de regras, em alunos do Ensino Médio. Participaram da pesquisa trinta estudantes de escola pública do interior de São Paulo. Para a seleção dos participantes foi aplicado coletivamente a avaliação da compreensão leitora, de acordo com a técnica Cloze, com o objetivo de obter sujeitos com três níveis de compreensão de leitura: independente (n=10), instrução (n=10), e frustração (n=10). Após, foram realizados três encontros individuais, entre o participante e o experimentador destinados à aplicação do jogo de regras "Quarto", e uma entrevista semiestruturada relacionada aos procedimentos utilizados ao jogar. Por último, houve a aplicação de um segundo texto de acordo com a técnica Cloze, acompanhado de uma entrevista semiestruturada relacionada às justificativas para a escolha das palavras para completar as lacunas do texto. Com relação ao desempenho geral foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os níveis de conduta relacionados à pontuação no jogo e à pontuação no Cloze (ANOVA; pvalores < 0...

Processos cognitivos na leitura de palavras em crianças : relações com compreensão e tempo de leitura; Cognitive processes involved in children's word reading: relations with reading comprehension and reading time

Salles, Jerusa Fumagalli de; Parente, Maria Alice de Mattos Pimenta
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.64%
A leitura é composta por múltiplos processos interdependentes. Este estudo analisou o uso preferencial de uma das rotas de leitura (Modelo Cognitivo de Dupla-Rota) e as possíveis relações com compreensão e tempo de leitura em 76 crianças de segunda e terceira séries do Ensino Fundamental de escola particular. Avaliou-se a leitura de palavras isoladas e a compreensão e tempo de leitura textual. Identificou-se quatro grupos segundo as habilidades de leitura de palavras: bons leitores por ambas as rotas; maus leitores por ambas as rotas; leitores preferencialmente lexicais e leitores preferencialmente fonológicos. Os primeiros foram os mais rápidos na leitura textual. Os grupos não diferiram significativamente em compreensão textual, exceto na 3ª série. Concluiu-se que ambas as rotas de leitura são funcionais na amostra, porém a rota fonológica parece estar melhor desenvolvida do que a rota lexical, que está em expansão, sugerindo um processo de desenvolvimento das habilidades de leitura.; Multiple interdependent processes compose the reading. The present study analyzed the preferential usage on one of the reading routes (Dual Route Cognitive Reading Model) and the possible relations with reading comprehension and reading time in 76 children from second and third grades...

The Assistance Framework in Reading Comprehension Processes for University Students; El andamiaje asistido en procesos de comprensión lectora en universitarios; A estrutura assistida em processos de compressão leitora em universitários

Martínez–Díaz, Esther Susana; Universidad de La Sabana; Díaz, Neila; Universidad de La Sabana; Rodríguez, Diego E.; Universidad de La Sabana
Fonte: Universidad de la Sabana Publicador: Universidad de la Sabana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.6%
This study looked at the reading comprehension processes of twenty (20) psychology studentsat a private university. Based on the results of that investigation, a program witha framework for assistance in reading comprehension at the level of scientific texts wasdesigned and applied.A mixed method was used to develop the investigative process. A quasi-experimental controlgroup, with a pre-test and a post-test, was designed for the quantitative strategy, whilethe focus group interview technique, coupled with the production and analysis of writtentexts, was applied as the qualitative strategy. With respect to the sequence of reading comprehension, a tool to evaluate the metacognitive processes students use when reading wasdesigned and validated. Personal summaries were produced to assess the comprehensionof scientific texts, the idea being to recreate the text by articulating experiences throughdrawing on previous knowledge and checking different sources such as articles, studies andtexts, among others.The pre-test results show teachers have not been overly concerned about intervening in theway students deal with the texts for their courses. The post-test results show it is possible toimprove writing and reading comprehension of scientific texts through teacher mediation.; La investigación indagó los procesos de comprensión lectora de (20) estudiantes depsicología que se encontraban en una institución privada. A partir de los resultadosde esta indagación se diseñó y aplicó un programa de andamiaje asistido para lacomprensión lectora sobre los niveles de comprensión de textos científicos. En este proceso investigativo se utilizó una metodología mixta.Para la estrategiacuantitativa se llevó a cabo un diseño cuasiexperimental de grupo control con pretesty post-test. Como estrategia cualitativa se empleó la técnica de entrevista degrupo focal...

Reading comprehension on the last grades of cicles I and II of elementary school

Chang,Eliane Mi; Avila,Clara Regina Brandão de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.71%
PURPOSE: To characterize students' performance in Cycle I and II of the Elementary School (EF), in decoding, reading comprehension and underlying skills of reading, and investigate correlations between these variables, in the absence and presence of reading comprehension deficits, identified by their teachers. METHODS: 125 students from ES were grouped according to Cycle and presence or absence of reading comprehension impairments. Two Control (good readers from both Cycles) and two Research groups (poor readers from both Cycles) were established. Assessment involved: fluency and reading comprehension; oral comprehension; working and short-term phonological memory; grammar closure. It was compared (Mann-Whitney test): in intragroup study, both Control and Research groups; in intergroup study, Control and Research from different cycles, and Control I and Research II. Spearman coefficient investigated correlations. RESULTS: Analyzing reading comprehension, we observed better performance of Control Groups in all tasks in comparison to the respective Research Groups, and better performance of Control II in comparison to Control I. Research Groups had similar results in most tests. Positive correlations have been observed between most of the variables. CONCLUSION: Students without reading comprehension impairments showed better performance in reading in both Cycles. Working memory and oral comprehension did not differentiate students with and without complaints in Cycle I...

Estudo de intervenção para a compreensão em leitura na universidade; Intervention study for reading comprehension in university; ESTUDIO DE INTERVENCIÓN PARA LA COMPRENSIÓN EN LECTURA Y PRODUCCIÓN DE TEXTOS EN LA UNIVERSIDAD

de Oliveira, Katya Luciane; Universidade São Francisco; dos Santos, Acácia Aparecida Angeli; Universidade São Francisco
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; avaliado por pares; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.69%
A compreensão em leitura tem sido vista como uma habilidade essencial no mundo contemporâneo. No entanto, muitos estudantes universitários não apresentam o nível desejável de compreensão, considerando as demandas de leitura que existem nesse contexto. Algumas IES oferecem a disciplina Leitura e Produção de Textos (LPT), oferecendo ao universitário uma oportunidade de aprimoramento especialmente da habilidade de leitura, permitindo melhor compreensão dos textos ao longo do curso. Assim, explorar o resultado de técnicas utilizadas em estudantes que freqüentaram essa disciplina foi o objetivo deste estudo. Participaram 35 universitários de um curso de administração de empresas, de uma universidade privada do estado de São Paulo, que efetivamente participaram das aulas da referida disciplina. Para mensurar a compreensão em leitura foi empregado um texto elaborado em Cloze. Durante as aulas de LPT foram adotados materiais didáticos que abordavam os conceitos de gêneros textuais, fichamento, resumo e resenha, condições de produção, recursos expressivos e análise e interpretação de textos. Os dados evidenciaram melhora significativa da compreensão textual dos estudantes participantes...

Profiling classroom reading comprehension development practices from the PIRLS 2006 in South Africa

Zimmerman,Lisa; Smit,Brigitte
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.61%
The South African 2006 and 2011 Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) findings continue to highlight major concerns about the quality of reading literacy teaching in primary schools. Of specific concern is the lack of representation of the sampled South African learners at the PIRLS international benchmarks, revealing a distinct lack of their development of thinking and reasoning abilities for reading comprehension. To shed light on potential reasons for learners' reading comprehension difficulties, this article presents selected findings on teachers' reading comprehension development practices emanating from the investigation of one KwaZulu-Natal and five Gauteng province case study schools from the national South African PIRLS 2006 Grade 4 sample. These cases represented a range of educational contexts across the South African PIRLS 2006 performance continuum and were sampled according to class average achievement aligned to the PIRLS international benchmarks and further South African benchmarks lower on the achievement scale. The findings juxtaposing teaching practices for reading comprehension development from case study schools with achievement profiles at the PIRLS international benchmarks against those of case study schools with less than optimal achievement at benchmarks lower on the achievement scale speak to key teaching and learning areas...