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Avaliação de usabilidade para sistemas de transcrição automática de laudos em radiologia.; Usability evaluation for automatic transcription system of radiology reports.

Martins, Valéria Farinazzo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/04/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
Este trabalho relaciona elementos das áreas de Computação e Saúde para comporem a elaboração de uma metodologia para avaliação de usabilidade de sistemas de transcrição automática de laudos na área de Radiologia. Inicialmente, é apresentado um estudo realizado sobre a área de Interface do Usuário Baseada em Voz que identifica requisitos para os sistemas que trabalham com comunicação mediada por voz assim como as iniciativas no sentido de se criar uma metodologia para sua avaliação. Em seguida é realizado um estudo dos sistemas de transcrição automática de laudos, no qual os principais requisitos são caracterizados e classificados. Os dois estudos acima citados foram integrados para a elaboração de uma metodologia para a avaliação de Sistemas de Transcrição Automática de Laudos em Radiologia. A metodologia foi, então, validada previamente através de inspeções e testes de usabilidade realizados fora do ambiente hospitalar, através do uso de um sistema de transcrição automática de laudos em Radiologia. Posteriormente, a metodologia foi também aplicada a um hospital da cidade de São Paulo. Como resultado principal foi proposto um guia bastante detalhado para se avaliar os Sistemas de Transcrição Automática de Laudos em Radiologia...

Construção de instrumento de medida do tempo de trabalho da enfermagem em Centro de Diagnóstico por Imagem; Construction of an instrument for measuring the nursing working time in a Radiology Service

Cruz, Carla Weidle Marques da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/06/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.78%
O objetivo deste estudo foi construir um instrumento para medir o tempo despendido pela equipe de enfermagem em intervenções realizadas nos setores de Tomografia Computadorizada, Ressonância Nuclear Magnética, Ultrassonografia, Mamografia e Radiologia Convencional em Centros de Diagnóstico por Imagem. Trata-se de estudo de abordagem quantitativa, observacional, transversal e descritivo, realizado em um CDI de um Hospital privado, localizado na cidade de São Paulo. Os dados foram coletados, de outubro a novembro de 2011, e organizados seguindo as etapas: (1) identificação das atividades de enfermagem nos cinco setores por meio de levantamento em revisão bibliográfica e observação em campo; (2) mapeamento das atividades identificadas em intervenções de enfermagem, conforme a Classificação das Intervenções de Enfermagem (NIC); (3) validação das intervenções de enfermagem em uma oficina de trabalho por meio da validação de conteúdo; (4) teste piloto do instrumento de medida da distribuição do tempo dos profissionais de enfermagem em CDI por meio da técnica de amostragem do trabalho, em intervalos de 10 minutos. Participaram da observação em campo e do teste piloto 17 profissionais de enfermagem. Foram relacionadas...

Mapeamento dos processos de geração e uso das informações clínicas na radiologia médica a partir da análise do fluxo informacional; Mapping of the processes of generation and use clinical information in Medical Radiology through information flow analysis

Rocha, Joeli Espirito Santo da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 28/09/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
Esta pesquisa caracteriza-se como qualitativa e descritiva, tendo por objetivo mapear os processos de geração e uso de informações clínicas no contexto da Radiologia Médica, utilizando como referência o Ciclo Informacional estudado na Ciência da Informação, visando a identificar metadados que possam ser empregados em arquivos didáticos para uso em práticas de ensino em Radiologia. A metodologia é dividida em quatro etapas: 1) estudo do ciclo informacional, com o intuito de conhecer propostas de autores que sistematizam os processos de geração e uso da informação; 2) descrição do fluxo de trabalho de um departamento de Radiologia Médica - IHE -, para identificar os diferentes atores nesse ambiente; 3) análise dos processos do ciclo informacional no fluxo de trabalho de um departamento de Radiologia Médica, para entender o processo de geração e uso de informações na área; e 4) análise comparativa entre os metadados indicados para o fluxo de trabalho de um departamento de Radiologia Médica - DICOM - e os metadados utilizados nas bases de imagens médicas MyPACs e Auntminnie, a fim de levantar um conjunto de informações da prática clínica para uso em arquivos didáticos. Ao estudar o fluxo de trabalho de um departamento de Radiologia foram mapeadas as informações geradas e utilizadas em cada etapa...

Study of entrance surface skin dose in veterinary radiology

Veneziani, G. R.; Matsushima, L. C.; Fernandez, R. M.; Campos, L. L.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 679-681
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
This study aims the evaluation of the radiation dose levels involved in veterinary radiology and to contribute to review the procedures for performing radiographic exams in animals in the Department of Veterinary Radiology of Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia of Universidade Estadual Paulista (FMVZ-UNESP/Brazil). The obtained results has shown to be extremely important the assessment of doses involved in veterinary diagnostic radiology procedures both to protect the occupationally exposed workers and to optimize the delivered doses to the animals. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.

Sistema de avaliação de qualidade de imagem em radiologia digital odontologica; Image quality evaluation system for dental digital radiology

Tiago Freire Carneiro Leão
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/06/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.78%
Novas tecnologias e sistemas de detecção de radiação para a geração de imagens radiográficas odontológicas vêm sendo disponibilizados como alternativa aos filmes radiográficos. Sistemas baseados em tecnologia do tipo PSPL parecem superar algumas das restrições encontradas nos sistemas baseados em tecnologia CCD, tais como volume do detector, cabos de conexão, tamanho limitado da imagem e limitação da latitude. É importante que seja possível comparar sistemas de imagem concorrentes (diferentes tecnologias ou diferentes fabricantes com mesma tecnologia), utilizando ferramentas e protocolos de controle e certificação de qualidade. Foi desenvolvido um pacote computacional e um conjunto de simuladores e foi realizada a análise de dois sistemas comerciais baseados na tecnologia PSPL, de forma a validar o sistema desenvolvido. O programa desenvolvido permite obter e analisar: curva sensitométrica, função de transferência de modulação (MTF), densidade espectral de potência (NPS), quanta equivalente de ruído (NEQ) e eficiência na detecção de quanta (DQE). Os resultados mostraram que o pacote computacional e o conjunto de simuladores permitem realizar o controle de qualidade de sistemas de radiografia digital odontológica de maneira quantitativa e objetiva...

Construction of an index of information from clinical practice in Radiology and Imaging Diagnosis based on text mining and thesaurus

Serapião,Paulo Roberto Barbosa; Honório Junior,Rogério; Santos,Marcelo Alexandre; Santos,Luiz Ricardo Albano dos; Moraes,José Carlos Bueno de; Marques,Paulo Mazzoncini de Azevedo
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Radiologia e Diagnóstico por Imagem Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Radiologia e Diagnóstico por Imagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
Objective To construct a Portuguese language index of information on the practice of diagnostic radiology in order to improve the standardization of the medical language and terminology. Materials and Methods A total of 61,461 definitive reports were collected from the database of the Radiology Information System at Hospital das Clínicas – Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (RIS/HCFMRP) as follows: 30,000 chest x-ray reports; 27,000 mammography reports; and 4,461 thyroid ultrasonography reports. The text mining technique was applied for the selection of terms, and the ANSI/NISO Z39.19-2005 standard was utilized to construct the index based on a thesaurus structure. The system was created in *html. Results The text mining resulted in a set of 358,236 (n = 100%) words. Out of this total, 76,347 (n = 21%) terms were selected to form the index. Such terms refer to anatomical pathology description, imaging techniques, equipment, type of study and some other composite terms. The index system was developed with 78,538 *html web pages. Conclusion The utilization of text mining on a radiological reports database has allowed the construction of a lexical system in Portuguese language consistent with the clinical practice in Radiology.

National examination of Brazilian residents and specialization trainees in radiology and diagnostic imaging: a tool for evaluating the qualifications of future radiologists

Moreira,Fernando Alves; Baptista,Luciana de Pádua Silva; Soares,Aldemir Humberto; Lederman,Henrique Manuel; Ajzen,Sergio Aron; Szejnfeld,Jacob
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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PURPOSE: This is a study of performance based on an In-training Examination for Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging targeting residents (R) and specialization trainees (ST) in Radiology. The radiological training may differ between R and ST in some centers. The authors present their experience and thoughts regarding the first three years of application of the In-training Examination administered by The Brazilian College of Radiology. METHODS: Three hundred and eight-six tests were analyzed in 1999, 715 in 2000, and 731 in 2001. The yearly tests consisted of multiple-choice answers, some with interpretation of digital images, and were divided into 9 specialties: neurology, thorax, physics, pediatrics, digestive system, urinary system, musculoskeletal system, mammography, and gynecology-obstetrics. Each specialty was analyzed separately. The tests were given simultaneously in 12 Brazilian cities. The subspecialty scores of examinees at different stages of training were compared (1st, 2nd, and 3rd year residents and specialization trainees), by the Kruskal-Wallis test (P<0.001). RESULTS: The 1999 examination did not reveal any significant difference between the R and ST groups (P>0.05). Generally, in 2000 and 2001, R achieved higher scores than ST (P<0.001). The performance in physics was poor for both groups for the 3 years covered by the study. CONCLUSION: The performance of residents was better than that of the specialization trainees in the majority of the subspecialties...

Radiology Information Systems: Basic Principles and Current Practice

Lehr, James L.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 04/11/1981 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Because radiology represents a sizeable financial and operational component of any health care delivery system, the needs for and opportunities provided by a radiology information system should be carefully considered in planning any medical data processing system. Experience with such systems over the past fifteen years has demonstrated that they can improve service quality and save money. The functions which can be performed by radiology computer systems are relatively well defined and will be presented during the morning session of this workshop. Eleven of the systems which are currently in operation, several of which can be acquired from vendors, will be discussed in the afternoon.

American Board of Radiology computer test center

Merritt, Christopher R. B.; Gerdeman, Anthony; Rovinelli, Richard; Capp, M. Paul
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2000 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
In 1997, the American Board of Radiology (ABR) determined to develop a computer-based examination and to create a test center for administration of computer-based examinations. In implementation of its plan, the Board has developed a flexible examination platform, well-adapted to the graphics needs of an image-based examination, and at the same time, compatible with test centers being developed by other medical specialty boards in terms of hardware, software and candidate surroundings. A test center for secure proctored examination of up to 33 candidates has been created at the Board’s headquarters in Tucson, AZ. The decision of the ABR to employ computer-based testing as a part of its recertification process represents an important step of significance to the entire field of radiology, embracing methods that are rapidly becoming integral to the practice of radiology in the acquisition, display, and management of diagnostic imaging information.

Radiology trainees in the UK and Ireland: academic background, publication rates and research plans

Mcweeney, D M; Walker, T W M; Gilbert, F J; Mccarthy, P A
Fonte: The British Institute of Radiology. Publicador: The British Institute of Radiology.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /12/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
To assess the level of achievement of current trainees, we investigated the academic qualifications, publication rates and future research plans of 240 radiology trainees in the UK and Ireland. All radiology trainees in the UK and Ireland were surveyed by a questionnaire enquiring about academic record and career ambitions. Our study shows that the level of academic achievement of radiology trainees is high, and provides interesting information concerning the current group of radiology trainees in these regions. It will be of interest both to radiology trainers and to doctors hoping to pursue a career in radiology. It also demonstrates that a potential recruitment crisis in academic radiology exists.

Regional inequality in radiology research output in the UK: a 5-year bibliometric study

Yoong, P; Johnson, C A; Rehman, J M; Toms, A P
Fonte: The British Institute of Radiology. Publicador: The British Institute of Radiology.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
The objective of this study was to describe the patterns of peer-reviewed general radiology publication rates with reference to deaneries in the UK. This was a retrospective bibliometric analysis of publications in the six highest cited general radiology journals. Publications were identified using a manual search in PubMed between 2005 and 2009. Publications originating from UK radiology departments were identified and subcategorised into primary institution of origin, deanery and publication type. The total number of radiology trainees in each deanery was obtained from the General Medical Council. 913 publications were included in the study. Original papers constituted 48.7% (n=445), review articles 30.3% (n=277) and case reports 17.4% (n=159). The median number of publications in each deanery was 27 [interquartile range (IQR) 11–60], and the median number of publications per trainee was 0.49 (IQR 0.31–0.88). The largest proportion of publications came from the London deanery (n=354, 38.8%), followed by Eastern 86 (9.4%), Oxford and Yorkshire 70 (7.7% each). Relative to the number of trainees within each deanery, Oxford had the highest number of publications per trainee (1.78), followed by East Midlands (1.5), London (1.25) and Eastern (0.99). There was a significantly higher publication rate for those deaneries with academic radiologists (p<0.0001). There is a marked difference in the volume of published work in the general radiology literature among UK deaneries...

Radiology and the mobile device: Radiology in motion

Panughpath, Sridhar G; Kalyanpur, Arjun
Fonte: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
The use of mobile devices is revolutionizing the way we communicate, interact, are entertained, and organize our lives. With healthcare in general and radiology in particular becoming increasingly digital, the use of such devices in radiologic practice is inevitable. This article reviews the current status of the use of mobile devices in the clinical practice of radiology, namely in emergency teleradiology. Technical parameters such as luminance and resolution are discussed. The article also discusses the benefits of such mobility vis-à-vis the current limitations of the technologies available.

Deoxyribonucleic acid damage-associated biomarkers of ionising radiation: current status and future relevance for radiology and radiotherapy

Manning, G; Rothkamm, K
Fonte: The British Institute of Radiology. Publicador: The British Institute of Radiology.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.83%
Diagnostic and therapeutic radiation technology has developed dramatically in recent years, and its use has increased significantly, bringing clinical benefit. The use of diagnostic radiology has become widespread in modern society, particularly in paediatrics where the clinical benefit needs to be balanced with the risk of leukaemia and brain cancer increasing after exposure to low doses of radiation. With improving long-term survival rates of radiotherapy patients and the ever-increasing use of diagnostic and interventional radiology procedures, concern has risen over the long-term risks and side effects from such treatments. Biomarker development in radiology and radiotherapy has progressed significantly in recent years to investigate the effects of such use and optimise treatment. Recent biomarker development has focused on improving the limitations of established techniques by the use of automation, increasing sensitivity and developing novel biomarkers capable of quicker results. The effect of low-dose exposure (0–100 mGy) used in radiology, which is increasingly linked to cancer incidences, is being investigated, as some recent research challenges the linear-no-threshold model. Radiotherapy biomarkers are focused on identifying radiosensitive patients...

Solutions in radiology services management: a literature review

Pereira,Aline Garcia; Vergara,Lizandra Garcia Lupi; Merino,Eugenio Andrés Díaz; Wagner,Adriano
Fonte: Colégio Brasileiro de Radiologia e Diagnóstico por Imagem Publicador: Colégio Brasileiro de Radiologia e Diagnóstico por Imagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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AbstractObjective:The present study was aimed at reviewing the literature to identify solutions for problems observed in radiology services.Materials and Methods:Basic, qualitative, exploratory literature review at Scopus and SciELO databases, utilizing the Mendeley and Illustrator CC Adobe softwares.Results:In the databases, 565 papers – 120 out of them, pdf free – were identified. Problems observed in the radiology sector are related to procedures scheduling, humanization, lack of training, poor knowledge and use of management techniques, and interaction with users. The design management provides the services with interesting solutions such as Benchmarking, CRM, Lean Approach, ServiceBlueprinting, continued education, among others.Conclusion:Literature review is an important tool to identify problems and respective solutions. However, considering the small number of studies approaching management of radiology services, this is a great field of research for the development of deeper studies.

Desenvolvimento e validação de um instrumento de avaliação das práticas de controle de infecção em Radiologia Odontológica; Development and validation of an assessment tool to evalute the practice of an infection control in Dental Radiology

Eliana Dantas da Costa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/02/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.78%
A equipe odontológica deve seguir as precauções padrão e utilizar protocolos de controle de infecção para evitar a contaminação cruzada e transmissão de doenças. Na Radiologia Odontológica, o risco para contaminação ocorre principalmente durante a realização dos exames radiográficos intrabucais, pelo contato com saliva e/ou sangue, quando o receptor de imagem é retirado da boca do paciente, ou quando o profissional manipula o equipamento de raios X com as mãos/luvas contaminadas. Assim, a adesão ao controle de infecção em Radiologia é um componente que merece atenção, podendo ser mensurado por meio da aplicação de questionários específicos. Considerando-se a escassez de instrumentos para essa finalidade, o presente estudo teve como objetivo desenvolver e validar um questionário para medir as práticas de controle de infecção em Radiologia Odontológica. O questionário foi desenvolvido após extensa revisão de literatura sobre os trabalhos publicados e consulta aos protocolos de biossegurança disponíveis em agências de saúde nacionais e internacionais. A versão inicial do questionário foi composta por 17 questões de múltipla escolha, relacionadas à higiene das mãos, à utilização de barreiras protetoras de superfícies...

Radiology reporting: a general practitioner's perspective

Grieve, F M; Plumb, A A; Khan, S H
Fonte: The British Institute of Radiology. Publicador: The British Institute of Radiology.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.86%
Unlike hospital-based clinicians, general practitioners (GPs) lack direct contact with radiologists, and the radiology report is usually the sole method of communication from the radiologist to the GP. It is important to gain feedback regarding what GPs perceive as a good-quality radiology report, especially in the current climate of competition for provision of radiology services. The aims of this study are to determine the level of GP satisfaction with radiology reports, their perception of optimum report content and their preferences regarding the level of detail and report format. A questionnaire was sent to 100 GPs referring to our Trust for radiology services. GPs were generally satisfied with the content and clarity of reports that they receive, and gave suggestions on how reports could be improved. The majority of GPs were unfamiliar with the normal size ranges of frequently measured anatomical structures. Radiologists' recommendations for further treatment, referral and non-radiological investigation were viewed as valuable report components. When asked to rank preferences for ultrasound reports for the same patient with differing formats and levels of detail, GPs favoured detailed reports in a tabulated format. In conclusion...

A survey on dental undergraduates' knowledge of oral radiology

de-Azevedo-Vaz,Sergio Lins; Vasconcelos,Karla de Faria; Rovaris,Karla; Ferreira,Naiara de Paula; Haiter Neto,Francisco
Fonte: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - UNICAMP Publicador: Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - UNICAMP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.73%
Dentists' incorrect behavior with regards to Oral Radiology, as reported in the literature, has been related to inadequate training of undergraduates. AIM: This study assessed dental undergraduates' knowledge of Oral Radiology. METHODS: A questionnaire containing 30 questions pertaining to three domains - General Principles, Radiobiology/Radioprotection and Technique/Interpretation - was used as data collection instrument. A total of 195 students answered the questionnaires. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were found between second-, third- and fourth-year students (p>0.05) when the whole questionnaire and the General Principles domain (p>0.05) were considered. The Technique/Interpretation domain presented a borderline statistical significance level (p=0.051), with more correct answers attributed to second-year students. A statistically significant difference (p<0.05) was seen for the Radiobiology/Radioprotection domain, in which the fourth-year students performed better. CONCLUSIONS: Dental undergraduates' knowledge of Oral Radiology did not increase or decrease significantly comparing the undergraduate years. However, with the exception of the Technique/Interpretation domain, students of more advanced undergraduate years answered more correctly the questions. Nevertheless...

SIMULAÇÃO EM RADIOLOGIA E DIAGNÓSTICO POR IMAGEM; SIMULATION IN RADIOLOGY LEARNING

Elias Júnior, Jorge
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/06/2007 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.78%
A técnica de ensino por simulação está descrita e em uso em várias áreas da Medicina. Particularmente no ensino de Radiologia e Diagnóstico por Imagem esta técnica tem sido utilizada principalmente para o aprendizado de procedimentos em Radiologia Intervencionista. No entanto, considerando o fato de que é uma técnica que reduz a exposição dos pacientes a procedimentos realizados por médicos em treinamento, existe uma pressão crescente para que seja usada de maneira mais abrangente também no ensino da Radiologia Diagnóstica. Esta revisão apresenta sucintamente as principais aplicações da técnica de simulação para o ensino específico na área de Radiologia e Diagnóstico por Imagem e discute suas possíveis aplicações futuras.; Simulation, as a teaching, tool has been used by several areas of expertise. Radiology teaching, in particular, has applied simulation mainly for interventional techniques learning. Nonetheless, there is a growing demand to expand simulation to diagnostic radiology learning once its application represents a higher safety for patients by all meanings. This review presents the main actual applications of simulation technique for Radiology learning and discusses possible new applications.

A comparative cost analysis of picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) versus conventional radiology in the private sector

Moodley,Indres; Moodley,Sivani
Fonte: SA Journal of Radiology Publicador: SA Journal of Radiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.86%
BACKGROUND: Radiology is rapidly advancing, with a global transition to digital imaging technology to improve productivity and enhance communication. The major challenge confronting radiology practices is to demonstrate cost savings and productivity gains when a picture archiving and communication system (PACS) is established AIM: To undertake an incremental cost analysis of PACS compared with conventional radiology to determine productivity gains, if any, at two private hospitals in Durban METHOD: An incremental cost analysis for chest radiographs,, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging brain scans with and without contrast were performed. The overall incremental cost for PACS in comparison with a conventional radiology site was determined. The net present value was also determined to evaluate the capital budgeting requirements for both systems RESULTS: The incremental cost of both capital and the radiology information system for installing PACS shows an expected increase. The incremental PACS image cost shows a reduction CONCLUSION: The study provides a benchmark for the cost incurred when implementing PACS. It also provides a decision framework for radiology departments that plan to introduce PACS and helps to determine the feasibility of its introduction

Effects of ionizing radiation on respiratory function tests and blood parameters in radiology staff

Saygin,M; Yasar,S; Kayan,M; Balci,UG; Öngel,K
Fonte: West Indian Medical Journal Publicador: West Indian Medical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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AIM: To evaluate pulmonary function tests and blood parameters and their relationship with sociodemographic data for radiology staff continuously exposed to ionizing radiation. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Thirty-eight personnel from Suleyman Demirel University Training and Research Hospital, Radiology Unit, were included in this study. Sociodemographic data were evaluated by a questionnare that was developed by the researchers. Height and weight measurements were performed with a standard scale and meter. Routine blood parameters and spirometric lung function measurements of the cases were recorded. Statistical significances were determined by independent t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), bivariate correlation and Kruskal-Wallis tests using SPSS 18.0. RESULTS: The mean age was 32.42 ± 5.5 years; 19 patients (50%) were male and 19 patients (50%) were female. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated as 25.68 ± 0.47 for men and 24.58 ± 1.13 for women. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the 1st second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF) and maximum mid-expiratory flow (FEF25-75) showed statistically significant differences between gender (p < 0.01). In addition, FEV1 and FEF25-75 also demonstrated statistically negatively significant difference with the type of task (p < 0.05). A statistically significant negative difference was found between FEF25-75 value and time to start smoking (p < 0.05). Among FVC...