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COMPOSITION OF FRESHLY HARVESTED BRAZILIAN ROYAL JELLY - IDENTIFICATION OF CARBOHYDRATES FROM THE SUGAR FRACTION

Palma, Mario Sergio
Fonte: Int Bee Research Assoc Publicador: Int Bee Research Assoc
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 42-44
ENG
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Samples of Brazilian royal jelly from Africanized Apis mellifera were analysed in order to determine the gross composition: crude moisture ranged from 67.80% to 69.40%, crude protein from 15.80% to 16.70%, crude lipid from 2.90% to 3.98% and-total sugars from 11.40% to 11.50%. The sugar fraction was investigated and revealed the presence of the following compounds identified by their retention time during HPLC analysis: ribose, fructose, glucose, sucrose, mannose, trehalose, erythritol, adonitol and mannitol.

Jelleines: a family of antimicrobial peptides from the Royal Jelly of honeybees (Apis mellifera)

Fontana, R.; Mendes, M. A.; de Souza, B. M.; Konno, K.; Cesar, LMM; Malaspina, O.; Palma, Mario Sergio
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 919-928
ENG
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Four antimicrobial peptides were purified from Royal Jelly of honeybees, by using reverse phase-HPLC and sequenced by using Q-Tof-MS/MS: PFKLSLHL-NH2 (Jelleine-I), TPFKLSLHL-NH2 (Jelleine-II), EPFKLSLHL-NH2 (Jelleine-III), and TPFKLSLH-NH2 (Jelleine-IV). The peptides were synthesized on-solid phase, purified and submitted to different biological assays: antimicrobial activity, mast cell degranulating activity and hemolysis. The Jelleines-I-III presented exclusively antimicrobial activities against yeast, Gram+ and Gram- bacteria; meanwhile, Jelleine-IV was not active in none of the assays performed. These peptides do not present any similarity with the other antimicrobial peptides from the honeybees; they are produced constitutively by the workers and secreted into Royal Jelly. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Estudo dos efeitos da geléia real e da proteína MRJP3 em modelos de colite induzida por TNBS e DSS; Study of the effects of royal jelly and protein MRJP3 models of colitis induced by TNBS and DSS

Luis Paulo Bognoni Manzo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/08/2012 PT
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A retocolite Ulcerativa Inespecífica e a Doença de Chron são as principais doenças inflamatórias intestinais. Apesar dos crescentes esforços, não se sabe ainda suas causas. Os tratamentos ainda não são eficazes, as drogas atuais são eficazes na indução da remissão mas não determinam sua cura. Os efeitos colaterais são severos, o que acarreta em baixa adesão ao tratamento. Os produtos naturais tem sido fonte de compostos usados por todo o mundo em diferentes áreas da medicina e ciência. O tratamento oral com geléia real na dose de 100 mg/Kg mostrou-se capaz de aumentar os níveis de grupamentos sulfídrica (GSH) e também a atividade da enzima glutationa peroxidase (GSH-Px) em camundongos com colite induzida por TNBS. A expressão de COX-2 e NF-kB também foram diminuídos, tais resultados demonstram efeitos antioxidantes e antiinflamatórios da geléia real nesta dose neste modelo de colite experimental. O Tratamento intrarretal com a proteína MRJP3 (50 ?g/animal) foi capaz de diminuir os níveis de IL-1? no cólon dos camundongos Balb/c submetidos a colite induzida por DSS. Uma vez que os níveis de IL-6 e IL-10 não foram alterados pelo tratamento intrarretal com MRJP3 50 ?g/animal, podemos afirmar que a proteína não atua pela via da IL-10. Estes efeitos antioxidantes e anti-inflamatórios observados durante o desenvolvimento da colite induzida por TNBS e por DSS em camundongos...

Análise de associações de major royal jelly protein 1 por cromatografia de exclusão molecular

Jorge, Humberto Gonczarowska
Fonte: Universidade de Brasília Publicador: Universidade de Brasília
Tipo: Dissertação
POR
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Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Biologia Celular, Pós-Graduação em Biologia Molecular, 2012.; Polifenismo é a habilidade de um genoma expressar múltiplos fenótipos morfológica e comportamentalmente distintos. Em abelhas Apis mellifera¸ o polifenismo é essencial, uma vez que gera divisão de tarefas na colméia, vital para sua viabilidade. A plasticidade fenotípica das abelhas é mediada nutricionalmente pela geleia real (GR). A major royal jelly protein 1 (MRJP1) é a mais abundante proteína da GR, e é descrita como o principal fator ativo na diferenciação de castas de Apis mellifera. A MRJP1 é uma glicoproteína que se liga fortemente a um peptídeo chamado apisimina (5,5 kDa) e se auto-associa, formando complexos de diferentes tamanhos, podendo se apresentar em diversas formas moleculares numa única solução. O objetivo deste trabalho foi caracterizar associações de MRPJ1 sob diversas condições. MRJP1 foi purificada em um único passo de cromatografia de troca iônica. Por cromatografia de exclusão molecular foi possível observar que a MRJP1 tende a se oligomerizar ou até mesmo a se agregar em tampões ácidos...

Aplicação da CLAE para determinação do ácido 10-Hidróxi-2-decenóico (10-HDA) em geléia real pura e adicionada a mel brasileiro

Koshio,Shinnosuke; Almeida-Muradian,Ligia Bicudo de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2003 PT
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The aim of this paper was to determine the 10-HDA in pure royal jelly and products containing royal jelly, using HPLC methodology. 10-HDA is the natural indicator of the presence of royal jelly in products and also gives the authenticity of pure royal jelly. The chromatographic conditions used were: isocratic system, C18-H column, auto sampler, diode array UV-VIS detector (225 nm), mobile phase with methanol/water (45:55), pH= 2.5 and a-naphtol as internal standard. The results obtained using laboratory samples for pure royal jelly were 2.37%, varying from 0.15% for honey with 10% of royal jelly to 2.10% for honey with 90% of royal jelly respectivelly. For commercial products, the 10-HDA content varied from no detectable to 0.026%. The recovery test presented a minumum of 100.44% The detection limit was 45.92 ng/mL and the quantification limit was 76.53 ng/mL.

Physicochemical composition of pure and adulterated royal jelly

Garcia-Amoedo,Luis Henrique; Almeida-Muradian,Ligia Bicudo de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2007 EN
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The physicochemical composition of pure royal jelly as well as of some adulterated samples was analyzed by determining moisture, ash, lipids, nitrogen/proteins, carbohydrates, starch and 10- HDA (10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid). The solubility in alkaline medium was used to detect the main frauds for adulterating royal jelly which comprise addition of yogurt, water, egg white, sweet condensed milk mixed with propolis, unripe banana and corn starch slurry.

Determination of trans-10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10-HDA) in royal jelly from São Paulo State, Brazil

Garcia-Amoedo,Luis Henrique; Almeida-Muradian,Ligia Bicudo de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2003 EN
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The 10-HDA content in Brazilian samples (São Paulo State) of royal jelly (RJ) was analyzed using an HPLC method based on the work by BLOODWORTH et al. [2]. The chromatographic conditions were: isocratic system, reversed phase C18-H column, auto sampler, diode array UV-VIS detector adjusted to 225nm, mobile phase composed by methanol/water (45:55) at pH= 2.5 adjusted with phosphoric acid; a-naphtol was used as internal standard, and the running time was 30min. By statistical analysis of the results, the 10-HDA contents of the samples analyzed seem to have two ranges: 1.8% and 3% (w/w), that would be useful to qualify the RJ. This is the first data regarding 10-HDA content of Brazilian RJ.

Physicochemical analyses indicated to the quality control of royal jelly with honey

Pamplona,Lucila Coelho; Azedo,Ricardo A. B.; Oliveira,Karla Cristina L. S.; Garcia-Amoedo,Luis Henrique; Almeida-Muradian,Ligia Bicudo de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2004 EN
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Royal jelly (RJ) is used as a revitalizing tonic. In order to avoid rejection to its acid taste, it is added to honey. There are regulations for honey and for royal jelly separately but not for the mixture. The objective of this work is, therefore, to verify if the same methods used for pure honey quality control can be used for honey mixed with royal jelly and also the presence of RJ through 10-HDA determination. The methods used were: moisture, reducing sugars, apparent sucrose, ash, hydroxymethylfurfural, insoluble solids, diastase activity, acidity and 10-HDA. Samples were prepared by adding 0-100% of RJ in honey. The results showed that the ash method was the only suitable one to all the samples. The acidity analysis (direct titration) was suitable to 0-30%RJ samples; the reducing sugar analysis was suitable to 0-20% RJ samples. Concerning moisture analysis the refractometric method is suitable to 0-10% RJ and the Infra Red method is suggested to be used for samples with more than 10% RJ. The methods for diastase activity, HMF, apparent sucrose and insoluble solids were inadequate for all samples with RJ. The presence of RJ in the samples was confirmed by the 10-HDA analyses.

Simultaneous high performance liquid chromatographic analysis of vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in royal jelly

Presoto,Ana Elisa F; Rios,Magda D. G; Almeida-Muradian,Ligia B. de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Química Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Química
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2004 EN
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Royal jelly is used as a food supplement, popularly known as rich in B vitamins. The present work has two objectives: firstly, to apply simultaneous quantitative determination by High Performance Liquid Chromatography of thiamin (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2) and pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and secondly to compare the obtained data with the Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) values. The values obtained showed no thiamin, a range from 20 to 171 ng g-1 of riboflavin and from 408 to 2 188 ng g-1 of pyridoxine in royal jelly. According to the Food and Nutrition Board (2000), the DRI of these vitamins varies from 0.2-1.4 mg for thiamin; 0.3-1.6 mg for riboflavin and 0.1-2.0 mg for pyridoxine, depending on age and sex. According to these recommendations, royal jelly is not a good source of vitamins B1, B2 or B6 as these vitamins appear only on order of ng g-1. The proposed method can be used in routine analysis for royal jelly, having the advantage of being simple, fast and reliable.

Cryopreservation of mouse morulae in glycerol, sucrose and honeybee royal jelly

VISINTIN,José Antônio; GARCIA,José Fernando; PANTANO,Thais; D’ÁVILA ASSUMPÇÃO,Mayra Elena Ortiz
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2000 EN
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Compacted mouse morulae were frozen at 0.3ºC/min. or 0.5ºC/min. from -6ºC to -24ºC or -32ºC in 10% of glycerol plus different sucrose concentrations with or without 0.1% of honeybee royal jelly. Embryos were thawed in water bath at 22ºC for 20 seconds and cryoprotectant dilution was done in three steps. Embryos were cultured in Whitten’s medium for 24, 48 and 72 hours at 37ºC, 5% of CO2 and 100% of humidity. The in vitro development ranged from 56.6% to 100% after 72 hours. Expanded blastocysts were transferred to pseudopregnant recipients on the third day of the estrous cycle. Viable fetuses rates for embryos frozen to -24 or -32ºC at 0.3ºC/minute in 10% glycerol + 10% sucrose, 10% glycerol + 10% sucrose + 0.1% honeybee royal jelly, 10% glycerol + 0.1% honeybee royal jelly or 10% glycerol were respectively: 28.1% and 13.6%, 48.7% and 31.9%, 28.6% and 13.2%, 20.0% and 42.4%. Viable fetuses for embryos frozen to -24ºC or -32ºC at 0.5ºC/minute in 10% glycerol + 10% sucrose or 10% glycerol + 10% sucrose + 0.1% honeybee royal jelly were respectively 29.0% and 15.3%, 48.8% and 32.0%. We can conclude that addition of 10% sucrose to 10% glycerol was efficient for embryo freezing at 0.3 or 0.5ºC/minute and plunged in liquid nitrogen at -24ºC. The honeybee royal jelly addition provided higher viable fetuses rates when embryos were cooled at 0.3 or 0.5ºC/minute and plunged in liquid nitrogen at -24ºC.

Evaluation of Apis mellifera Carniolan and Africanized honey bees in royal jelly production

Mouro,Gisele Fernanda; Toledo,Vagner de Alencar Arnaut de
Fonte: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Publicador: Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2004 EN
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Investigations were carried out to evaluate Africanized and Carniolan hybrid Apis mellifera honeybees in royal jelly production. Ten colonies were randomly collected in nature and housed in Langstroth beehives. Each hive was having two nuclei with five frames. In superior nucleus frame was containing 28 acrylic cups in two bars. The five colonies with the best production remained in the experiment and their queens replaced by the respective daughters. Carniolan queens were placed in the five Africanized honeybees colonies with lower production. The hybrid Carniolan showed a higher production (P=0.0001) of royal jelly per colony, in three-day collect (3.95 ± 2.92 g) when compared to the Africanized honeybees (2.23 ± 2.13 g). The Carniolan also had a higher percentage of larvae acceptance (55.45 ± 36.7%) compared to the Africanized honeybees (35.8 ± 28.3%).

Determination of royal jelly freshness by ELISA with a highly specific anti-apalbumin 1, major royal jelly protein 1 antibody*

Shen, Li-rong; Wang, Yi-ran; Zhai, Liang; Zhou, Wen-xiu; Tan, Liang-liang; Li, Mei-lu; Liu, Dan-dan; Xiao, Fa
Fonte: Zhejiang University Press Publicador: Zhejiang University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /02/2015 EN
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Major royal jelly protein 1 (MRJP1), designated apalbumin 1, has been regarded as a freshness marker of royal jelly (RJ). A MRJP1-specific peptide (IKEALPHVPIFD) identified by bioinformatics analysis of homologous members of the major royal protein family was synthesized and used to raise polyclonal anti-MRJP1 antibody (anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody). Western blot analysis showed that anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody only reacted with MRJP1 in RJ. In contrast, the previously reported antibody against recombinant MRJP1 (anti-R-MRJP1 antibody) reacted with other members of MRJP family in RJ. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody demonstrated that MRJP1 content in RJ stored at 40 °C significantly degraded by 37.3%, 55.9%, 58.0%, 60.6%, 65.7%, 72.7%, and 73.1% at 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, and 49 d, respectively, when compared with MRJP1 content in fresh RJ (0 d). Optical density analysis of MRJP bands from sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) profiles demonstrated that the degradation of MRJP1, MRJP2, MRJP3, and MRJP5 in RJ was strongly and positively correlated with the period of storage (P<0.0001). Our results indicated anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody was highly specific for MRJP1, and ELISA using the antibody is a sensitive and easy-to-use method to determine the freshness and authenticity of RJ.

Studies in the mode of action of royal jelly in honeybee development : III. The effect of experimental variation in diet on growth and metabolism of honeybee larvae

Dixon, S.E.; Shuel, R.W.
Fonte: INRA - Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agronômica da França Publicador: INRA - Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agronômica da França
Tipo: Journal Article-postprint
EN; ENGLISH
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Norms were established for respiration, growth, and tissue composition of 0- to 72-hour-old female honeybee larvae reared in the laboratory on natural royal jelly and worker jelly diets. The worker jelly diet was then altered experimentally in the direction of royal jelly through additions of sugar and certain water-soluble acids of unknown structure extracted from royal jelly, but present in the natural diets of larvae of both female castes. In general, developmental norms were shifted in the direction of the norms of larvae fed royal jelly, but the changes were not fully co-ordinated. The added acids were strongly growth inhibitory. A high inverse association between the total water-soluble acid content of the diet and larval weight suggested that the acids may represent a nutritional growth-regulating mechanism. The evidence indicates that nutrient balance is significant in the early development of the dichotomy between female castes, and that no single constituent determines the ultimate development of either caste.

Some new components of royal jelly

Brown, William H.; Felauer, Ethel E.; Freure, Robert J.
Fonte: INRA - Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agronômica da França Publicador: INRA - Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agronômica da França
Tipo: Journal Article-postprint
EN; ENGLISH
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Two additional acids, 10-hydroxydecanoic and p-hydroxybenzoic, have been isolated from the ether-soluble fraction of royal jelly. A sterol, 24-methylenecholesterol, has been found in the ether-insoluble, methanol-soluble fraction of royal jelly.

Regeneration of bone of the mandibles from the cytological and biochemical aspects. Effect of royal jelly on regeneration; Régénération de l'os mandibulaire, cytologie et biochimie. Effet de la gelée royale

Vittek, Jozef
Fonte: INRA - Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agronômica da França Publicador: INRA - Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agronômica da França
Tipo: Journal Article-postprint
EN; ENGLISH
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The healing process of injured bones of mandible in normal conditions and at the applications of some materials accelerating the regenerative process (extract of bone and Royal Jelly) bas been studied in rabbits (Chinchilla). The regenerative process bas been evaluated by histological and histochemical methods, by quantitative cytological methods (cytograms, mitotical and differentiation index, changes in vacuolar system of osteoblasts, volumen changes of nuclei and of cytoplasms) and by cytochemical methods (determination of DNA, RNA and AMPS in vitro and of the bone salts in vivo). Our results indicated that the followed materials, especially the Royal Jelly, significantly accelerated the regeneratiue process. The favorable influence of Royal Jelly upon the regeneration is depending of its activity on differentiation and synthetical processes of osteoblasts.

Oral Allergy Syndrome in a Child Provoked by Royal Jelly

Paola, Fantini; Pantalea, Delle Donne; Gianfranco, Calogiuri; Antonio, Ferrannini; Angelo, Vacca; Eustachio, Nettis; Elisabetta, Di Leo
Fonte: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Publicador: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Royal jelly has been demonstrated to have several physiological activities. However, in the literature, different reactions induced by royal jelly are reported. We describe a case of seven-year-old child that was referred to our observation for two episodes of oral allergy syndrome (OAS) that appeared ten minutes after ingestion of royal jelly. Skin prick test with standard panel of inhalant and food allergens, a prick-to-prick test using the royal jelly's extract responsible for patient's reactions, and royal jelly patch test with extemporaneous preparation were performed. The specific IgE by ImmunoCAP System method versus Hymenoptera venom, inhalant allergens, food allergens, and lipid transfer proteins was dosed. According to the positive reactions to royal jelly both by prick-by-prick test and by a first reading patch test, royal jelly immediate hypersensitivity was diagnosed. According to the positive response for almond in both in vivo and in vitro tests we can think of the royal jelly contamination with almond pollen as possible cause of patient's reaction. Moreover, from the results of specific IgE titers versus Compositae pollens, we have argued the possibility that this case of royal jelly allergy could be explained also by the mechanism of cross-reaction with Compositae pollens.

Evaluation of propolis, honey, and royal jelly in amelioration of peripheral blood leukocytes and lung inflammation in mouse conalbumin-induced asthma model

El-Aidy, Waleed K.; Ebeid, Ahmad A.; Sallam, Abd El-Raouf M.; Muhammad, Ibrahim E.; Abbas, Ayman T.; Kamal, M.A.; Sohrab, Sayed Sartaj
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
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Bee products have been used since ancient times to treat many diseases, including respiratory ailments. The present study aimed to examine the modulatory effect of honey, royal jelly, and propolis extract on peripheral blood leukocytes and lung inflammation in a mouse conalbumin-induced asthma model. The mice in group I were not sensitised or treated; they were kept as controls. The mice in group II were sensitised and challenged with conalbumin. Twenty-four hours after the first challenge with antigen, the mice in group III received 0.5 mg/kg of dexamethasone intraperitoneally per day for 18 consecutive days and kept as positive controls. The mice in groups IV, V, and VI received 650, 1000, and 30 mg/kg of honey, royal jelly, and propolis (aqueous and ethanolic extract), respectively, once per day for 18 consecutive days. Blood was collected from all of the mice for white blood cell differentiation, and the lungs were removed for histopathological studies. The groups treated with propolis extract exhibited considerable ameliorative effects against asthma, which might be explained by the flavonoids and phenolics found in propolis, which might have antioxidative effects. Otherwise, the sensitised and honey- or royal jelly-treated groups exhibited an increased incidence of asthma cascade events due to increased inflammatory cells. These results might be due to the immunostimulatory and vasodilatory effects of royal jelly and honey...

Quality of royal jelly produced by Africanized honeybees fed a supplemented diet

Sereia,Maria Josiane; Toledo,Vagner de Alencar Arnaut de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
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46.89%
This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of artificial supplements prepared with soybean protein isolate, brewer's yeast, mixture of soybean protein isolate with brewer's yeast, linseed oil, palm oil, and a mixture of linseed oil with palm oil on the physicochemical and microbiological composition of royal jelly produced by Africanized honey bee colonies. Considering these results, providing supplements for Africanized honeybee colonies subjected to royal jelly production can help and strengthen the technological development of the Brazilian beekeeping industry increasing its consumption in the national market. This research presents values of royal jelly a little different from those established by the Brazilian legislation. This fact shows that is important to discuss or change the official method for royal jelly analysis. The characterization of physicochemical and microbiological parameters is important in order to standardize fresh, frozen, and lyophilized royal jelly produced by Africanized honeybees.

Criopreservação de mórulas de camundongos em glicerol, sacarose e geléia real; Cryopreservation of mouse morulae in glycerol, sucrose and honeybee royal jelly

Visintin, José Antônio; Garcia, José Fernando; Pantano, Thais; D'Avila Assumpção, Mayra Elena Ortiz
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2000 ENG
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Embriões de camundongos foram congelados em 10% de glicerol adicionado de várias concentrações de sacarose e/ou 0,1% de geléia real, nas velocidades de 0,3ºC ou 0,5ºC/minuto até -24ºC ou -32ºC e descongelados em água a 22ºC durante 20 segundos. A diluição dos crioprotetores foi realizada em três etapas e o cultivo dos embriões no meio de Whitten em estufa com 5% de CO2, 100% de umidade e 37ºC por 72 horas. O desenvolvimento in vitro até blastocisto variou entre 56,6% e 93,4%, mostrando que 10% de sacarose + 10% de glicerol foi eficiente na congelação. Blastocistos expandidos oriundos de embriões congelados até -24 ou -32ºC à velocidade de 0,3ºC/minuto em soluções contendo 10% de glicerol + 10% de sacarose; 10% de glicerol + 10% de sacarose + 0,1% de geléia real; 10% de glicerol + 0,1% de geléia real ou 10% de glicerol, transferidos para receptoras pseudoprenhes, apresentaram, respectivamente, taxas de fetos viáveis de 28,1% e 13,6%, 48,7% e 31,9%, 28,6% e 13,2%, 20,0% e 42,4%. Embriões congelados até -24ºC ou -32ºC a 0,5ºC/minuto nas soluções de 10% de glicerol + 10% de sacarose ou 10% de glicerol + 10% de sacarose + 0,1% de geléia real apresentaram, respectivamente, taxas de fetos viáveis de 29...

Analysis of Drosophila yellow-B cDNA reveals a new family of proteins related to the Royal Jelly proteins in the honeybee and to an orphan protein in an unusual bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans

Maleszka, Ryszard; Kucharski, Robert
Fonte: Academic Press Publicador: Academic Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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The yellow locus in Drosophila is involved in both cuticle development and behaviour. However, the function of the encoded protein is unknown. Here we have characterised the sequence and expression pattern of a new Drosophila gene, designated yellow-B, encoding a 453-amino-acid protein that is 57% identical to Yellow. High levels of yellow-B mRNA are present in the larval-pupal stages, but the gene is also expressed in the head. Bioinformatics analysis indicates that the Drosophila genome encodes at least 7 members of the Yellow family distributed among chromosomes 2, 3, and X. The Yellow proteins are related to the Royal Jelly proteins and have no relatives in other non-insect metazoan species. Interestingly, a Yellow-like protein is encoded by the genome of a radiation tolerant bacterium, Deinococcus radiodurans. (C) 2000 Academic Press.