Página 1 dos resultados de 1743 itens digitais encontrados em 0.010 segundos

Development of 13 Mozambican Municipalities in Central and Northern Mozambique : Summary report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
The objective of this study on the Development of 13 Mozambican Municipalities in Central and Northern Mozambique is to assess the impact that the 2008 reforms on own-source revenues is having on the municipal revenue potential. To do so, it calculates the revenue potential of four fiscal and three non-fiscal revenue sources. The analysis shows that there is substantial untapped revenue potential at the municipal level, with estimates indicating that -in the case of the most buoyant local revenue sources- municipalities are only collecting about half of the revenue potential. In the worst cases, municipalities are collecting far less than 10 percent of the total revenue potential of a local revenue source. The fact that a revenue gaps exists is not only an indication of weak municipal performance. Municipalities have relatively recently been created and it takes time, capacity, and effort, to consolidate their revenue functions. Tax administration is overall still weak and a series of vacuums exist on the municipal fiscal legislation. The analysis reveals that the current revenue instruments at the disposal of municipalities are generally appropriate municipal revenue instruments...

Uganda - Fiscal Policy for Growth : Public Expenditure Review 2007, Volume 1. Executive Summary

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.36%
Uganda needs to increase infrastructure investments if impressive growth is to continue. But the Budget is showing increasing signs of stress from expenditure pressures and fiscal tightening. Recent increases in employee costs in central Government functions of public administration, justice law and order, defense, prisons and police have deteriorated the composition of the Budget from the perspective of growth. In common with global experience in tight fiscal circumstances, public infrastructure spending is getting squeezed. These expenditure trends suggest a further squeeze on infrastructure and maintenance is inevitable, in which case growth could slow down. This report concerns how should Uganda respond to these fiscal challenges? Whereas there is scope for prudent new concessional borrowing for infrastructure, disbursement rates in infrastructure projects are too low, making it a priority to address constraints to effective spending. As part of a fiscal strategy for growth, Uganda needs in the short to medium-term to rapidly improve revenue performance without taxing key growth sectors...

Uganda - Fiscal Policy for Growth : Public Expenditure Review 2007, Volume 2. Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.36%
Uganda needs to increase infrastructure investments if impressive growth is to continue. But the Budget is showing increasing signs of stress from expenditure pressures and fiscal tightening. Recent increases in employee costs in central Government functions of public administration, justice law and order, defense, prisons and police have deteriorated the composition of the Budget from the perspective of growth. In common with global experience in tight fiscal circumstances, public infrastructure spending is getting squeezed. These expenditure trends suggest a further squeeze on infrastructure and maintenance is inevitable, in which case growth could slow down. This report concerns how should Uganda respond to these fiscal challenges? Whereas there is scope for prudent new concessional borrowing for infrastructure, disbursement rates in infrastructure projects are too low, making it a priority to address constraints to effective spending. As part of a fiscal strategy for growth, Uganda needs in the short to medium-term to rapidly improve revenue performance without taxing key growth sectors...

South Asia Economic Focus, June 2012: Creating Fiscal Space through Revenue Mobilization

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
This book focuses on the creation of fiscal space through revenue mobilization, although such efforts are best made using a comprehensive framework that examines all available sources. Those sources include: (a) reducing lower-priority spending, (b) enhancing the capacity to implement priorities so that capital investment and social service provision can be carried out at reduced cost, (c) reforming subsidies or transfer programs to make them more targeted and efficient, and (d) rationalizing administered prices of publicly provided goods and services. The book is organized as follows: chapter two examines the factors that could account for the low revenue collection in South Asia. Chapter three describes the tax systems in South Asia and assesses them against a number of benchmarks that are commonly used in the literature, such as international comparisons, estimates of buoyancy, and tax yields, and then discusses key elements of tax administration in South Asia. Chapter four presents information on nontax revenues...

Sudan : World Bank Review of 2008 Budget Performance and 2009 Budget Preliminary Analysis

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.58%
As a follow-up to the first Public Expenditure Review (PER), this note reviews fiscal management by the Government of National Unity (GoNU) through 2008 budget performance, including pro-poor spending, and how do its main features compare to the fiscal management under the first phase of the post-CPA interim period (2005-07)? The note also runs through the highlights of the key features of the GoNU 2009 budget and what has been the impact of the global crisis on the budget performance through the first quarter. The main objective is to highlight fiscal lessons for the remaining period of the post-CPA interim period. The note is structured around the following six sections: review of the economic assumptions underlying the 2008 budgets, aggregate fiscal performance, revenue performance, expenditure performance, pro-poor spending, and the 2009 budget analysis followed by actual outturns through the first quarter.

Republic of Sierra Leone Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability : Performance Assessment Report 2010, Sub-National Governments (Local Councils)

Mulit Donor Budget Support Partners
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
This Public Financial Management (PFM) Performance Assessment Report is based on the Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) PFM Performance Measurement Framework, Sub National Level, which includes a performance rating on 32 indicators covering the entire PFM cycle in Local Government, as in Sierra Leone, and assesses impact on budget goals. This assessment is intended to provide a comprehensive, integrated and candid assessment of Sierra Leone s PFM at the local council level, and to make recommendations for improving the local council PFM framework, institutional performance and capacity building.

Integration of Revenue Administration : A Comparative Study of International Experience

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.47%
Revenue administration is a major point of contact between government and the people. Good revenue administration thus becomes an important feature of good governance. This fact has made policy makers increasingly mindful of the need to promote voluntary tax compliance by reducing the costs incurred by taxpayers to comply with their tax obligation. Promoting voluntary compliance is achieved through a set of measures that includes: (i) a self-assessment system, (ii) a well-designed compliance strategy based on risk management, (iii) good taxpayer services to help and educate taxpayers to meet their obligations, and (iv) simple and harmonized procedures for collection of different taxes and contributions. In the effort to harmonize procedures and minimize the need for citizens to respond to multiple agencies, many countries have integrated their revenue administrations, either by merging tax and customs administration, or by unifying collection of tax and social security contributions, or by both. Their experiences indicate that integrating collection also entails modernizing the revenue administration so that the contact between the tax office and the taxpayer is no longer physical but virtual, thanks to the extensive use of information and communication technology. The book focuses on how to plan and manage integration successfully and avoid the risks of failure. By examining four successful country cases in depth...

Albania : Public Expenditure and Institutional Review, Volume 2. Main Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
This report presents an in-depth evaluation of the budgetary planning process in Albania and the institutional arrangements required for better management of public expenditures. The report does not provide a detailed analysis of expenditures or an assessment of investment projects and their outcomes in each sector. Such a shift in emphasis is appropriate given the currently weak institutional capacities in Albania and the need to enforce accountability in the public sector.The report is arranged as follows: Chapter 1 deals with the macroeconomic frmaework and policies needed to maintain fiscal sustainability and improve fiscal discipline. Chapter 2 discusses revenue and expenditure patterns, presents measures that would enhance revenue performance and analyzes the allocation of expenditures. This chapter is designed to highlight the key expenditure priorities that should be more fully addressed as Albania moves forward with the medium-term expenditure framework process (MTEF). The bulk of the report--Chapters 3...

Designing Performance: The Semi-Autonomous Revenue Authority Model in Africa and Latin America

Taliercio, Robert Jr.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, D.C. Publicador: World Bank, Washington, D.C.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.44%
During the past decade, diverse developing countries have introduced radical reforms in their collection of taxes. In more than 15 countries, traditional tax departments have been granted the status of semiautonomous revenue authorities (ARAs), which are designed with a number of autonomy-enhancing features, including self-financing mechanisms, boards of directors with high-ranking public and private sector representatives, and sui generis personnel systems. The author addresses gaps in the public management and tax administration literatures by closely examining ARA reforms in Kenya, Mexico, Peru, South Africa, Uganda, and Venezuela from their inception to the early 2000s. Using the comparative case study method, he tackles three questions. First, what has motivated the wave of ARA reforms over the past decade? The author argues that from a public management perspective, reformers intended to use autonomy to enhance bureaucratic performance in low-capacity public sectors. Second, is there a connection between autonomy and performance? Focusing on revenue collection...

Indonesia : Repeat Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability Report and Performance Indicators

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Jakarta Publicador: World Bank, Jakarta
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.49%
This public expenditure and financial accountability (PEFA) assessment for Indonesia was undertaken by a team of World Bank staff and development partners with close involvement of counterparts from the Government of Indonesia, including the ministry of finance, state ministry of development planning (Bappenas), and some line ministries. The objective of the assessment is to update the integrated, standardized, indicator-led assessment of public financial management (PFM) systems, processes, and institutions as a whole against good international practices. This PEFA assessment has been funded by the Bank and a multi-donor trust fund, supported by contributions from the European Commission, the Governments of the Netherlands and the Swiss Confederation, and United States Agency for International Development (USAID). This report focuses mainly on the changes in the performance of the PFM system from 2007 to 2011. This report focuses largely on the major changes since 2007, and also on the ongoing reforms that should impact an assessment in the future organizations. It provides an integrated...

Enhancing Non-SACU Revenue in Swaziland : Improving Tax Policy and Administration

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.29%
The collapse of Southern African Customs Union (SACU) revenue in 2009 has caused the Government to consider enhancing new sources of revenue in earnest to sustain its development policies. Existing plans that were prepared more than 5 years ago to introduce the Value-Added Tax (VAT) and create a new Revenue Authority (RA) focused on improved compliance are therefore more relevant than ever. This initial preparation provides ample room to rapidly improve both the design of taxes and fees and tax administration to ensure they are in line with both Swaziland's unique policy context and sound economic principles. These principles include: (i) policy and administration harmonization with South Africa so that investors view both countries as offering the same tax benefits and to facilitate the seamless launch of the RA with the benefit of the necessary support from (and partial integration with) South Africa's operations; (ii) the ability to implement reform rapidly given the fiscal emergency; and (iii) the need for simple and resilient policy and administrative designs that are able to cope with limited administrative capacity and a history of out-of-control spending.

Fiscal and Debt Management in Andhra Pradesh (India) : An Update on the Reform Program

Swaroop, Vinaya; Dasgupta, Shatanjaya
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.32%
The main objective of this fiscal note is to assist the Government of Andhra Pradesh (GoAP) in meeting the challenges mentioned above. To this end, it provides input into the state's rolling medium-term fiscal framework exercise. The new Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) act requires that the government will lay out in each financial year a medium-term fiscal policy statement (together with three-year rolling targets for key fiscal indicators) before the state legislature. In addition, this fiscal note provides the needed analytical underpinning for the Bank's ongoing development policy lending program in the state. The remainder of this note is organized as follows. The next section looks at the state's performance in improving its fiscal balance. Section three looks at the revenue performance of the state with a particular emphasis on the newly implemented Value Added Tax (VAT). The size and composition of expenditures is analyzed next (section four) with a close examination of the government's new priority expenditure on adding new irrigation schemes. Section five briefly looks at the debt and examines issues related to debt sustainability. Section six concludes.

Albania : Public Expenditure and Institutional Review, Volume 1. Executive Summary

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
This report presents an in-depth evaluation of the budgetary planning process in Albania and the institutional arrangements required for better management of public expenditures. The report does not provide a detailed analysis of expenditures or an assessment of investment projects and their outcomes in each sector. Such a shift in emphasis is appropriate given the currently weak institutional capacities in Albania and the need to enforce accountability in the public sector.The report is arranged as follows: Chapter 1 deals with the macroeconomic frmaework and policies needed to maintain fiscal sustainability and improve fiscal discipline. Chapter 2 discusses revenue and expenditure patterns, presents measures that would enhance revenue performance and analyzes the allocation of expenditures. This chapter is designed to highlight the key expenditure priorities that should be more fully addressed as Albania moves forward with the medium-term expenditure framework process (MTEF). The bulk of the report--Chapters 3...

Tajikistan - Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability Assessment : Performance Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Integrated Fiduciary Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
This assessment is based on work undertaken between October 2006 and May 2007. The summary assessment covers the following three areas: an integrated assessment of PFM performance based on the 28+3 PEFA indicators, an assessment of the impact of PFM weaknesses, and the prospects for reform planning and implementation. The main report consists of four sections: an introduction, the country background (including a summary of fiscal performance), a detailed discussion of Tajikistan's performance against the PEFA indicators, and finally a discussion of the government reform process.

Morocco - Public Financial Management Performance Report (PEFA) : Assessment of Public Financial Management Systems, Procedures, and Institutions; Maroc - Rapport sur la performance de la gestion des finances publiques (PEFA) : evaluation des systemes, des processus et des institutions de gestion des finances publiques du Maroc

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Accountability Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
This Public Financial Management Performance Report (PFM-PR) assesses the current performance of financial management in Morocco's public sector. The Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) framework applied for this review uses an assessment tool based on a set of high-level indicators that provide reliable information on the performance of PFM systems, processes and institutions. The purpose of using this tool is to measure performance for five PFM areas in Morocco as compared to international standards. The Kingdom of Morocco is a medium-income country with a population of 31 million and per capita income of European Union (EU) 2,300 (2007). Average life expectancy has significantly improved to 72.4 years in 2007, reflecting a progressive improvement in living standards. Nonetheless, major social challenges remain, in particular the economic insecurity of a large segment of its residents. Despite a considerable improvement in poverty indicators during this century (the incidence of poverty fell from 15.3 percent in 2001 to 9 percent in 2007)...

Philippines - Improving Government Performance : Discipline, Efficiency and Equity in Managing Public Resources; EASPR

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Integrated Fiduciary Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.39%
The Philippine authorities, confronted with an unfavorable governance and macroeconomic environment in 2001, established a consistent track record in 2001 in stabilizing the economy and improving investor sentiment. The unfolding developments in 2002-03, however, pose a threat to a still fragile fiscal and institutional environment, and can dim the prospects for attaining the Philippines' target for higher growth and renewed poverty reduction. Fiscal sustainability and the government's ability to finance poverty-reducing programscontinues to be at risk from falling revenues, rising public debt and debt service, and off-budget risks. This constrained environment makes it doubly important to focus on increasing fiscal flexibility through increasing revenue collections and enhancing the discipline, efficiency, and equity of public expenditures. the objective of this public Expenditure, Procurement and Financial Management Review (PEPFMR) is to examine selected issues in the allocation and managmeent of public resources of interest to the Philippine authorities...

Revenue and the Fiscal Impact of Liberalization : The Case of Niger

Zafar, Ali
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
Using data collected during several missions, the author finds that the principal reasons for low revenue mobilization are (1) the adverse fiscal impact of trade liberalization, (2) the defiscalization of agriculture in the 1970s, (3) the collapse of the uranium boom in the 1980s, and (4) the poor record of the VAT in mobilizing revenue. The large reduction in tariffs during the 1980s and 1990s in the context of structural adjustment programs and West African regional integration initiatives had adverse effects on trade tax revenue during the period 1980 2003. But higher import levels after 1994 succeeded in partially mitigating the revenue losses. The experience of Niger shows that without accompanying macroeconomic policies, parallel improvements in tax and customs administration, and success in mobilizing domestic taxes, most notably the VAT, trade reform can have adverse fiscal consequences. Using a SMART model partial equilibrium analysis developed by UNCTAD for researchers and negotiators at multilateral trade rounds, the author simulated three different tariff shocks to test the fiscal and trade implications of additional trade liberalization in Niger. First, the preferred tariff regime in terms of overall fiscal and job creation impact was the harmonized Swiss formula in contrast to a 10 and 15 percent uniform tariff. Second...

Colombia - National Level Public Financial Management and Procurement Report : Public Financial Management Performance; Colombia - Informe de la gestion financiera publica y sistema de contratacion

World Bank; Inter-American Development Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Sector Study
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.47%
This Public Financial Management Performance Report (PFMPR) analyzes the performance of Colombia's public financial management (PFM) institutions, systems and processes. It documents areas where performance is close to or follows international good practice, as well as opportunities to further enhance PFM contribution to the goals of strengthening fiscal discipline, enabling more efficient allocation of resources, increasing operational efficiency, and fostering transparency. It is expected that the identified opportunities will strengthen further the Government of Colombia's programs of continuous PFM improvement, as provided for under the National Development Plan pillar regarding a state at the service of its citizens: efficient and effective Government. The main challenges cited in the report could also be an important reference to future development plans and PFM reforms. Ensuring the sustainability and trajectory of PFM programs becomes even more critical in the context of public expenditure policies to deal with the current international economic crisis. The study is based on the 28 high-level indicators and 69 individual dimensions that compose the PFM performance measurement framework. Each indicator seeks to measure performance of a key PFM element against a scale from A to D. The highest score is warranted for an individual indicator if the core PFM element meets the relevant objective in a complete...

Fiscal Management; Gestion fiscal

Shah, Anwar
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.42%
In Western democracies, systems of checks and balances built into government structures have formed the core of good governance, and have helped empower citizens for more than two hundred years. Many developing countries, however, continue to suffer from unsatisfactory and often dysfunctional governance systems, including inappropriate allocation of resources, inefficient revenue systems, and weak delivery of vital public services. This book addresses these issues by providing tools to help assess a government's fiscal health from the perspective of public accountability, including the political economy of the budget, performance-based budgeting, revenue performance, debt management, measuring a government's net worth, assessing fiscal risks, reforming civil service, and strengthening institutions of accountability.

Expanding Taxable Capacity and Reaching Revenue Potential : Cross-Country Analysis

Le, Tuan Minh; Moreno-Dodson, Blanca; Rojchaichaninthorn, Jeep
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.38%
An effective tax system is fundamental for successful country development. The first step to understand public revenue systems is to establish some commonly agreed performance measurements and benchmarks. This paper employs a cross-country study to estimate tax capacity from a sample of 104 countries during 1994-2003. The estimation results are then used as benchmarks to compare taxable capacity and tax effort in different countries. Taxable capacity refers to the predicted tax-gross domestic product ratio that can be estimated with the regression, taking into account a country's specific economic, demographic, and institutional features. Tax effort is defined as an index of the ratio between the share of the actual tax collection in gross domestic product and the predicted taxable capacity. The authors classify countries into four distinct groups by their level of actual tax collection and attained tax effort. This classification is based on the benchmark of the global average of tax collection and a tax effort index of 1 (when tax collection is exactly the same as the estimated taxable capacity). The analysis provides guidance for countries with various levels of tax collection and tax effort.