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Instituições públicas de ensino superior: estudo de casos de aperfeiçoamento de processos administrativos.; Public institutions of undergraduate education: administrative processes improvement case studies.

Biazzi, Monica Rottmann de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/04/2007 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.03%
Ao longo das últimas duas décadas, o setor público viu-se sob maior pressão para melhorar seu desempenho e demonstrar maior transparência e avaliação de resultados. Historicamente, o setor público brasileiro apresenta uma estrutura departamental e burocrática, o que dificulta a coordenação das atividades e diminui a eficiência e a eficácia de seus serviços. Diante desta realidade, algumas instituições públicas do setor brasileiro vêm buscando melhorias em sua forma de operar. A abordagem por processo fornece uma alternativa para a estrutura estática e fragmentada da organização, proporcionando uma visão sistêmica, com foco no cliente ou cidadão. Neste contexto, o objeto de estudo deste trabalho foram as instituições públicas de ensino superior (IPES) brasileiras, com foco no aperfeiçoamento de seus processos administrativos. Os objetivos alcançados com o trabalho foram os seguintes: estudo das características administrativas de instituições públicas de ensino superior brasileiras, sua forma de operar e sua cultura organizacional; pesquisa sobre metodologias de aperfeiçoamento de processos, desenvolvidas tanto no setor privado como no setor público; realização de estudo de múltiplos casos de aperfeiçoamento de processos administrativos em IPES; identificação de padrões e diferenças entre os casos estudados...

A formação e o trabalho do psicólogo em instituições públicas: uma proposta de análise institucional do vínculo; The University education and the work of psychologists in public institutions: a proposal for institutional analysis of the bond

Colosio, Robson
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/03/2012 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.02%
Esta tese aborda algumas questões que envolvem a formação e o trabalho de psicólogos em instituições públicas ao propor uma perspectiva de análise que privilegia a dimensão das relações intersubjetivas (grupo) como fundamentais à compreensão do campo institucional, a partir da referência teórica da Psicologia Social, de Pichon-Rivière; da Análise Transicional, de René Kaës e das contribuições de José Bleger. Apoia-se na Análise Institucional do Discurso (Guirado) para propor um recorte metodológico que toma o conceito de vínculo como unidade de análise dos fenômenos institucionais e como constituição do sujeito psíquico, nas várias dimensões de sua determinação: intrapsíquica, intersubjetiva (consciente e inconsciente) e transubjetiva, e nos processos psíquicos grupais e institucionais que se manifestam pelas suas malhas, amarrações, pactos, rupturas, enrijecimentos etc. Trabalha-se com a noção de sujeito do inconsciente enquanto sujeito do grupo (Kaës) para pensar as relações que ele estabelece no campo institucional para realização de sua tarefa na instituição. O campo de investigação constitui-se de relatórios elaborados por alunos graduação do IPUSP para a parte prática da disciplina Processos Grupais (visita a uma instituição pública). Como resultado de análise...

Discurso e atuação das instituições públicas no debate sobre a questão ambiental em Catalão(GO); Speeches and actions of public institutions in the debate on the environmental question in Catalão (GO)

DUARTE, Edson Jose
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Geografia - Campus Catalão; Ciências Humanas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Geografia - Campus Catalão; Ciências Humanas
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The research developed at the Graduate Program Stricto Sense in Geography, Federal University of Goiás / GO-Campus Catalão, is an analogy in three public institutions of Catalão: City Hall, prosecutors and UFG and their roles in environmental issues City of Catalão-GO. The research aims to analyze these three institutions from the context of industrial expansion and economic growth that occurred in the last twenty years in the Catalão city, with emphasis on environmental issues inherent in this process. The clash generated by industrial expansion, dictated by the capitalist mode of production, by appropriating the territory, threatening and trampling values, cultures and identity of the population of the place. Obviously this problem extends to the Catalão population living the great dilemma of accepting the new without losing its identity. With the expansion of multinationals and the decentralization of industrialization from the 1980s, Catalão was greatly affected by this expansion, transforming your entire county. In a second stage in the 1990s, the city undergoes significant changes in the field of supply of services, mainly in health, legal and education. These sectors had to act and refer to the terms of techno-scientific and legal questions and to answer questions that arise as a result of the dynamics of city growth...

Haiti : Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC : World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC : World Bank
EN_US
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55.99%
Haiti made good progress over the past three years but major challenges remain to accelerating growth and reducing poverty. After the lost decade 1994-2004, marked by political instability and economic decline, Haiti reformed significantly and revived growth, especially in the past three years. Macroeconomic policies implemented since mid-2004 helped restart economic growth, reestablish fiscal discipline, reduce inflation and increase international reserves. Financial sector stability has been maintained though weaknesses have emerged. Significant progress was also achieved in the implementation of economic governance measures, mainly in the area of legal framework, core public institutions and financial management processes and procedures. Notably, basic budget procedures were restored, the public procurement system strengthened, and anti-corruption efforts stepped up. Efforts were also made to improve efficiency and transparency in the management of public enterprises. This wave of reforms led to renewed confidence and translated into higher growth. Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is estimated to have grown by 2.3 percent in FY2006...

Social Accountability and Public Voice through Community Radio Programming

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.11%
Empowerment of the poor and social accountability have become core values of decentralization and democratization processes around the world, and are key to effective poverty reduction. Access to information and means to report and comment on issues of local interest are recognized as critical enablers for empowerment and social accountability. Mechanisms that promote accountability on the part of public institutions (supply side in terms of horizontal accountability) as well as mechanisms that promote governments being held accountable by civil society (demand side in terms of social and vertical accountability) are both essential for achieving effective sustainable development outcomes. Most communications initiatives supported by the World Bank and other donors have focused primarily on the supply side of accountability and not on strengthening the demand side through actions that enable the poor and civil society organizations (CSOs) to create and effectively utilize spaces for public voice and community mobilization. The poor have limited influence in the production of information and limited access to channels of communication in most countries borrowing from the World Bank. This condition is reflected in two areas: the concentration on ownership of key media institutions and asymmetric access to mediums of communication.

Corruption and Confidence in Public Institutions : Evidence from a Global Survey

Clausen, Bianca; Kraay, Aart; Nyiri, Zsolt
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
Well-functioning institutions matter for economic development. In order to operate effectively, public institutions must also inspire confidence in those they serve. We use data from the Gallup World Poll, a unique and very large global household survey, to document a quantitatively large and statistically significant negative correlation between corruption and confidence in public institutions. This suggests an important indirect channel through which corruption can inhibit development: by eroding confidence in public institutions. This correlation is robust to the inclusion of a large set of controls for country and respondent-level characteristics. Moreover we show how it can plausibly be interpreted as reflecting at least in part a causal effect from corruption to confidence. Finally, we provide evidence that individuals with low confidence in institutions exhibit low levels of political participation, show increased tolerance for violent means to achieve political ends, and have a greater desire to “vote with their feet” through emigration.

Port Reform Toolkit : Effective Decision Support for Policymakers, Module 1. Framework for Port Reform

Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
This Port Reform Toolkit, consisting of eight modules, presents background information, concrete examples, and specific tools and methods that public officials can use to make effective, sustainable reforms of public institutions that provide port services in developing countries. In particular it focuses on understanding the needs, challenges and risks for sector reform; choosing among options for private sector participation and analyzing their implications; preparing legislation, contracts and institutional charters to govern private sector participation; managing the transition to increased private sector involvement. The Toolkit presents "best international practices" in a manner that is relevant to decision-makers. The Toolkit is designed to be easily understood by non-specialists. Thus, it attempts to make general points with concrete examples. It is illustrated with experience drawn from recent port reform activities around the world.

Capturing the Value of Public Land for Urban Infrastructure : Centrally Controlled Landholdings

Peterson, George E.; Thawakar, Vasudha
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.97%
Government entities in India hold large amounts of public land. Their landholdings include some of the most valuable property in the country. Parts of this patrimony lie vacant or underutilized. Public sector bodies also own large blocs of land that sometimes stand in the way of efficient completion of urban infrastructure networks. At the same time, urban India is deficient in basic infrastructure -- both network infrastructure needed to support economic growth and urban service infrastructure needed to meet basic household needs like water supply, waste removal, and transportation. This condition raises fundamental questions. Are some of government landholdings "surplus" or not needed for service provision? If so, can their economic value be captured to help finance infrastructure investment? This report aims to document evolving government policies toward pubic land management. It examines how active public entities are in identifying "surplus" lands and attempting to monetize them. Public bodies in India have proved reluctant to surrender landholdings. The report therefore considers practical alternatives that have emerged...

More, Better, or Different Spending? Trends in Public Expenditure on Water and Sanitation in Sub-Saharan Africa

van Ginneken, Meike; Netterstrom, Ulrik; Bennett, Anthony
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This overview paper tests current public spending patterns against the economic rationale for such spending, including reducing disparities in service delivery and overcoming market failures. Reducing the disparities in access to basic water supply and sanitation (WSS) is a responsibility of government. Individuals have little incentive to build and maintain extensive WSS infrastructure, but communities and societies do. Targeted public spending benefitting households that otherwise would be unable to afford those services can be a component of a broader social policy agenda to redistribute resources to the poor. Several market features call for government intervention in the WSS sector. This review mines the rich data of 15 Public Expenditure Reviews (PERs) conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa and funded by the World Bank over the past years. From 2003 the World Bank has funded more than 40 PERs that contain an analysis of the water supply and sanitation (WSS) sector. In most of these, the WSS sector is discussed alongside other sectors. A set of stand-alone PERs specifically addressing the WSS sector have also been carried out in African countries. The scope of the present review includes expenditures by public institutions (at the central and local government levels) on domestic resources and grants or loans provided by external funding agencies. The review does not include off-budget spending by water utilities. In other words...

Corruption and Confidence in Public Institutions : Evidence from a Global Survey

Clausen, Bianca; Kraay, Aart; Nyiri, Zsolt
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
Well-functioning institutions matter for economic development. In order to operate effectively, public institutions must also inspire confidence in those they serve. The authors use data from the Gallup World Poll, a unique and very large global household survey, to document a quantitatively large and statistically significant negative correlation between corruption and confidence in public institutions. This suggests an important channel through which corruption can inhibit development by eroding confidence in public institutions. This correlation is robust to the inclusion of a large set of controls for country and respondent-level characteristics, and they show how it can plausibly be interpreted as reflecting at least in part a causal effect from corruption to confidence. The authors also show that individuals with low confidence in institutions exhibit low levels of political participation, show increased tolerance for violent means to achieve political ends, and have a greater desire to "vote with their feet" through emigration.

Republic of Senegal Basic Agricultural Public Expenditure Diagnostic Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.98%
This basic Agricultural Public Expenditure Diagnostic Review (AgPER) analyzes the effectiveness and efficiency of public expenditure in agriculture, livestock production, fishery, rural waterworks, and natural-resource management in Senegal. Agriculture has benefited from major transfers of public resources in the second half of this decade. Presidential initiatives demonstrate the priority it enjoys on the political agenda in Senegal. This review is a complement to the efforts of the Senegalese government to offer the sector inclusive, strong, and sustainable guidelines, strategies, and policies. It covers the work done by the ministries and other public institutions and by the private sector, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and associated agencies.

Corruption and Confidence in Public Institutions : Evidence from a Global Survey

Clausen, Bianca; Kraay, Aart; Nyiri, Zsolt
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Journal Article; Journal Article
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.09%
Well-functioning institutions matter for economic development. In order to operate effectively, public institutions must also inspire confidence in those they serve. We use data from the Gallup World Poll, a unique and very large global household survey, to document a quantitatively large and statistically significant negative correlation between corruption and confidence in public institutions. This suggests an important indirect channel through which corruption can inhibit development: by eroding confidence in public institutions. This correlation is robust to the inclusion of a large set of controls for country and respondent-level characteristics. Moreover we show how it can plausibly be interpreted as reflecting at least in part a causal effect from corruption to confidence. Finally, we provide evidence that individuals with low confidence in institutions exhibit low levels of political participation, show increased tolerance for violent means to achieve political ends, and have a greater desire to “vote with their feet” through emigration.

Pakistan : Reforming Punjab's Public Finances and Institutions

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
Similarly to Pakistan's other provinces, and the country as a whole, Punjab Province - a macrocosm of the country, with more than half the population, and economic activity - is facing a crisis of public service delivery, government finances, public institutions, and governance. Hence, the resulting social, and infrastructure "deficits", have contributed to slower economic growth, slower poverty reduction, and poor social indicators in the province. Nevertheless, Punjab has the opportunity to turn around its public sector, for the provincial government seems determined to improve service delivery. This report is intended to provide an input for this process, and, puts forward recommendations for fiscal restructuring, institutional improvements - including civil service reform - and, sectoral reforms to improve service delivery in education, health, agriculture and irrigation, and roads. Fiscal restructuring needs to focus the public sector on essential core roles, to include improved financial management; revamping planning...

Reforming Public Institutions and Strengthening Governance : A World Bank Strategy Implementation Update

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.11%
The purpose of this report is to assess progress to date in implementing the World Bank's strategy for governance and public sector reform, Reforming Public Institutions and Strengthening Governance: A World Bank Strategy. It is organized according to the goals and commitments laid out in the Strategy itself, to allow readers to track to what extent the Strategy is being implemented. Part I synthesizes progress and issues across the Bank, while Part II highlights specific challenges and approaches of individual Regions, the Development Research Group, and World Bank Institute. The treatment of governance issues and the focus on institution building in Country Assistance Strategies (CASs) and Bank programs have increased steadily over the past four years. Almost all recent CASs diagnose the governance situation in the relevant country, and lending for governance and institution building has increased significantly. Operations Evaluation Department and Quality Assurance Group ratings indicate that the quality of the public sector portfolio has improved considerably and that the number of projects at risk has fallen.

China : Improving Energy Efficiency in Public Institutions

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The next several years are critical for achieving lasting results in China's relatively new energy efficiency program for public institutions. Public institutions in China are defined as those government agencies, public service units, and organizations that either fully or partially receive government budget funds. In the study team's opinion, key challenges for China's public institution energy conservation program for the medium-term might best be summarized to include the following four: (i) completing program institutional infrastructure, (ii) making further inroads in the huge task of completing energy use data collection and diagnostic analysis in China's many public entities, (iii) further improving incentives and generating greater enthusiasm among public entities for action, and (iv) expanding financing options for public entities, especially using energy performance contracting (EPC). Plans already exist to address the first two challenges and emphasis should be placed on quality of implementation. Efforts dealing with the third and fourth challenges...

Features and Functions of Supreme Audit Institutions

Stapenhurst, Rick; Titsworth, Jack
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.15%
Supreme audit institutions are national agencies responsible for auditing government revenue and spending. Their legal mandates, reporting relationships, and effectiveness vary, reflecting different governance systems and government policies. But their primary purpose is to oversee the management of public funds and the quality and credibility of governments' reported financial data. In the past the World Bank and other donors often established parallel auditing systems for their projects, undermining developing countries' supreme audit institutions, on whose work they could not always rely. Equally problematic have been projects that encouraged performance auditing but ignored basic weaknesses in financial management. In recent years the Bank has tried to strengthen oversight agencies such as supreme audit institutions. This note is intended to help Bank staff appreciate the role and nature of these institutions, particularly in managing public spending, ensuring financial accountability, and strengthening public institutions.

Features and Functions of Supreme Audit Institutions; Caracteristiques et fonctions des institutions supremes de controle financier

Stapenhurst, Rick; Titsworth, Jack
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC; World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC; World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.16%
Supreme audit institutions are national agencies responsible for auditing government revenue and spending. Their legal mandates, reporting relationships, and effectiveness vary, reflecting different governance systems and government policies. But their primary purpose is to oversee the management of public funds and the quality and credibility of governments' reported financial data. In the past the World Bank and other donors often established parallel auditing systems for their projects, undermining developing countries' supreme audit institutions, on whose work they could not always rely. Equally problematic have been projects that encouraged performance auditing but ignored basic weaknesses in financial management. In recent years the Bank has tried to strengthen oversight agencies such as supreme audit institutions. This note is intended to help Bank staff appreciate the role and nature of these institutions, particularly in managing public spending, ensuring financial accountability, and strengthening public institutions.

Cape Verde : Public Sector Reform and Capacity Building; Cape Verde: reforme du secteur public renforcement des capacites

Mohan, P.C.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.96%
Cape Verde was the first single party state to hold pluralistic elections in the African subcontinent in 1991. This process provided extraordinary momentum for reforms. The principal objective of the Public Sector Reform and Capacity building project was to support the government's broader program to transform and modernize key public institutions, the laws supporting them, and the personnel staffing them, thereby helping sustain the overall economic and social reform program which the government had initiated. This Note summarizes its impact on the ground and the lessons learned.

On "Good" Politicians and "Bad" Policies : Social Cohesion, Institutions, and Growth

Ritzen, Jo; Easterly, William; Woolcock, Michael
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.04%
Social cohesion - that is, the inclusiveness of a country's communities - is essential for generating the trust needed to implement reforms. Citizens have to trust that the short-term losses that inevitably arise from reform, will be more than offset by long-term gains. However, in countries divided along class and ethnic lines, and with weak institutions, even the boldest, most civic-minded and well-informed politician (or interest group) will face severe constraints in bringing about policy reform. The authors hypothesize that key development outcomes (particularly economic growth) are most likely to be associated with countries that are both socially cohesive and governed by effective public institutions. They test this hypothesis for the sample of countries with available data. The authors develop a conceptual framework based on the idea of social cohesion, then review the evidence on which it is based. While several earlier studies have shown that differences in growth rates among developing countries are a result of weak rule of law...

DEVELOPMENT OF A REFERENCE MODEL TO INTEGRATED DESIGN MANAGEMENT ON PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS; DESENVOLVIMENTO DE UM TERMO DE REFERÊNCIA PARA O GERENCIAMENTO DE PROJETOS INTEGRADOS EM UMA INSTITUIÇÃO PÚBLICA

Andery, Paulo Roberto; Campos, Cintia; Arantes, Eduardo Marques
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Arquitetura e Urbanismo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Arquitetura e Urbanismo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Avaliado Por Pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/06/2012 POR
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O presente trabalho contribui com a discussão sobre o processo de projeto de edifícios, no âmbito de uma instituição financeira pública contratante das atividades de projeto. Com a participação de diversos agentes em cada projeto desenvolvido pela instituição surgem problemas advindos da falta de organização do processo de projeto e do fluxo de informação entre seus intervenientes, como retrabalhos, atrasos nos prazos contratuais e baixa qualidade do produto final. Em função da complexidade do processo de projeto procurou-se na modelagem de processos uma alternativa valida para preencher esta lacuna. Foi desenvolvido um Termo de Referência como resultado da modelagem do processo de projeto da instituição, através da sistematização de soluções desenvolvidas por outros pesquisadores. O termo proposto explicita o processo, auxilia no entendimento e na prática do mesmo, fornece um plano geral e estabelece uma visão detalhada e integrada do trabalho realizado para todos os agentes envolvidos. A pesquisa foi conduzida pela implantação desse Termo de Referência em dois processos de projeto na instituição. São discutidos os principais aspectos dessa implantação, e os principais resultados obtidos, dos quais se destacam uma melhoria das relações entre contratante e contratada...