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Turning eating psychopathology risk factors into action: the pervasive effect of body image-related cognitive fusion

Ferreira, Cláudia; Palmeira, Lara; Trindade, Inês A.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Body image dissatisfaction and unfavourable social comparisons are significant risk factors to eating psychopathology. Nevertheless, the impact of these negative experiences depends on the cognitive and emotional processes involved. Previous research has shown that cognitive fusion is a nuclear process linked to psychological inflexibility, but its role on body image and eating difficulties remains unclear. This study aims to explore a model of the mediational role of body image-related cognitive fusion (CF-BI) on the relationship between body dissatisfaction, unfavourable social comparisons, and eating psychopathology in a sample of 345 female students. Results from path analyses show that the impact of unfavourable social comparisons on eating psychopathology is fully mediated by CF-BI. Moreover, CF-BI also revealed a mediational effect on the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and the severity of eating symptoms, in spite of the fact that a direct effect of body dissatisfaction still exists. The tested model highlights the crucial role that cognitive fusion, in the specific domain of body image, plays in the relationship between risk factors and the severity of disordered eating attitudes and behaviours. Furthermore...

The Clinical Case as a Basis for Research in Fundamental Psychopathology

Magtaz, Ana Cecilia; Berlinck, Manoel Tosta
Fonte: ASSOC UNIV PEQUISA PSICOPATOLOGIA FUNDAMENTAL; SAO PAOLO SP Publicador: ASSOC UNIV PEQUISA PSICOPATOLOGIA FUNDAMENTAL; SAO PAOLO SP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
(The Clinical Case as a Basis for Research in Fundamental Psychopathology) This article discusses aspects that hinder the process of drawing up clinical cases and stresses their importance for research in fundamental psychopathology. The author bases her thinking on several texts by Freud and his followers about the technique and the interpretation of dreams. In these texts, clinical cases are used to express a problem that must be investigated. The grounds for research follow the same logic as that used for interpreting dreams.

Trajetória dos maus-tratos infantis: um estudo na perspectiva da psicopatologia do desenvolvimento; Trajectory of child abuse: a study on Development Psychopathology perspective

Bergamo, Lilian Paula Degobbi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/12/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
Bérgamo, L. P. D. (2011). Trajetória dos maus-tratos infantis: um estudo na perspectiva da Psicopatologia do Desenvolvimento. Tese de Doutorado, Departamento de Psicologia e Educação, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto - SP. Esta pesquisa teve por objeto de estudo o fenômeno dos maus-tratos contra crianças, norteando-se pela hipótese da existência de uma trajetória dessa problemática, caracterizada por sua continuidade no tempo, baseando-se numa articulação entre fase desenvolvimental - tipo de maltrato - tipo de consequência para a criança. Adotou-se como referencial a Psicopatologia Desenvolvimental, onde fenômeno ocorreria por problemas no sistema cuidador(es)-criançaambiente, associados a fatores de risco nos contextos "desenvolvimental" (características do cuidador e da criança), "interacional" (características da relação cuidador-criança e na família) e o "mais amplo" (características do entorno e percepção do apoio social). O objetivo geral foi verificar a existência de uma trajetória dos maus-tratos, buscando compreender sua constituição e manutenção no tempo. Especificamente, objetivou-se conhecer como os maustratos se manifestam em diferentes fases do desenvolvimento infantil e identificar as variáveis associadas...

The prevalence of psychopathology in offspring of bipolar women from a Brazilian tertiary center; Prevalência de psicopatologia em filhos de mulheres bipolares de um centro terciário brasileiro

Petresco, Sandra; Gutt, Elisa Kijner; Krelling, Renata; Lotufo Neto, Francisco; Rohde, Luis Augusto Paim; Moreno, Ricardo Alberto
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.89%
Considerando-se a inexistência de estudos avaliando a ocorrência de psicopatologia em filhos de mães bipolares na América do Sul, este se propõe a avaliar a prevalência de psicopatologia em filhos de mulheres bipolares comparado com dois grupos-controle. Método: Crianças e adolescentes de 6 a 18 anos de idade, filhos de mães com transtorno bipolar (n = 43), filhos de mães com outros transtornos psiquiátricos leve a moderados (n = 53) e filhos de mães sem nenhum diagnóstico psiquiátrico (n = 53) foram avaliados usando o Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia present and lifetime version, o Child Behavior Checklist e o Youth Self-Report por entrevistadores cegos ao diagnóstico das mães, as quais foram entrevistadas por meio do Structured Clinical Interview. Resultados: Os filhos de mães bipolares tiveram duas vezes mais chance de ter um ou mais diagnósticos de Eixo I [Razão de Prevalência = 2,11 (95% IC: 1,30-3,42) e p = 0,003] e 2,8 vezes maior risco de ter transtornos de ansiedade [Razão de prevalência = 2,83 (95% IC: 1,39-5,78) e p = 0,004] ao longo da vida do que os filhos de mulheres sem transtorno mental, além de maiores escores na subescala de problemas de pensamento do Child Behavior Checklist e nas subescalas de problemas sociais...

Posttraumatic stress, psychological morbidity, psychopathology, family functioning and quality of life in portuguese war veterans

Pereira, M. Graça; Pedras, Susana; Lopes, Cristiana
Fonte: Sage Publicador: Sage
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.1%
Thirty-four years after the end of Colonial War, few data are available on the impact of such experience on Portuguese veterans. The purpose of the present study was to assess post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), psychological morbidity, psychopathology, family functioning, and quality of life in veterans with and without PTSD diagnosis, to find the best predictors of quality of life and to analyse psychopathology as a mediator in the relationship between traumatic symptoms and quality of life. A total of 101 male veterans participated in the study. Veterans were recruited from a central hospital and a veterans organization. The instruments used were the Portuguese versions of Posttraumatic Stress Scale (McIntyre & Ventura), FACES III (Olson, Portner, & Lavee), BSI (Derogatis), BDI (Beck, Ward, Mendelson, Mock, & Erbaugh), STAI (Spielberger, Gorush, Lushene, Vagg, & Jacobs), and Quality of Life (WHOQOL Group). Results showed quality of life to be significantly related to less depression and anxiety. Veterans with PTSD diagnosis had more psychopathology and less quality of life in all domains. Veterans who belonged to extreme families showed more psychopathology and presented more PTSD symptoms, particularly avoidance and intrusion. When all psychological variables entered in the regression model...

Psychopathology among youths who were victims of documented childhood maltreatment

Pinto, Ricardo; Maia, Ângela
Fonte: Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health Publicador: Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.17%
Background: There is an established relationship between childhood maltreatment and later psychopathology, but most studies have used self-reports and only consider a small number of experiences. The main aim of this study was to examine predictors of psychopathology by comparing two sources (official records vs. selfreports) of ten different childhood adversities among youths who were identified by Child Protective Services (CPS). We also used a comparison group that was not identified by CPS. This study also compared, in terms of psychopathology, three groups of respondents (under-report; agreement; and over-report) based on the discrepancy between the two sources of childhood adversity. Method: The sample included 136 youths, ages 14– 23 years, identified by CPS prior to age 12 as being maltreated and who lived with their family for at least 5 years. The comparison group included 80 youths. Results: The identified youths were not different from the comparison group in global psychopathology. Psychopathology was associated only with the total amount of self-reported adverse experiences, with depressive symptoms being predicted by both documented and selfreported sexual abuse. Females reported and had more documented adversities...

Cognitive psychopathology: The role of emotion

Power, Michael J.
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada Publicador: Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
This paper examines the role of emotion in the understanding of psychopathology. The influential Cognitive Therapy model of Beck is briefly reviewed and a number of limitations are considered. Two particular weaknesses are highlighted in the understanding of cognitive psychopathology; namely, the importance of multi-level processing systems and the importance of emotion. The Power and Dalgleish (1997, 2008) SPAARS model is presented to show the advantages that arise from the inclusion of multilevel processes combined with a theoretical account of emotion. In order to illustrate the application of the SPAARS model to cognitive psychopathology, findings from a recent emotion profile analysis of clinical depression and anxiety are summarised. The analyses also illustrate the importance of shamerelated emotions in depression in contrast to the guiltrelated emotions that are highlighted in classification systems such as DSM-IV. ------ RESUMO ------ Neste artigo fazemos uma reflexão sobre o papel da emoção na compreensão da psicopatologia. Fazemos uma breve revisão e apontamos uma série de limitações. do influente modelo da Psicoterapia Cognitiva preconizado por Beck. Dois pontos particularmente fracos são destacados na compreensão da psicopatologia cognitiva; nomeadamente...

Social skills in adolescence: psychopathology and sociodemographic variables

Von Hohendorff,Jean; Couto,Maria Clara Pinheiro de Paula; Prati,Laíssa Eschiletti
Fonte: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas Publicador: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.1%
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between social skills, psychopathology and sociodemographic characteristics among adolescents. Participants were 50 adolescents from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (30 girls and 20 boys, Mage=14 years, SD=1.61) who attended either a public or a private school. The participants answered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the social skills Inventory for Adolescents Del-Prette (frequency and difficulty) and, to assess symptoms of psychopathology, the Self Report Questionnaire 20. Results indicated that there were no differences in the frequency of the social skills investigated with regard to genders, age, type of school attended, and the indication of psychopathology. However, the difficulty score reported on the use of social skills was related with psychopathology. This relationship was further moderated by the type of school. Thus, sociodemographic variables and personal characteristics (such as psychopathology) must be considered in social skills studies.

Interparental Conflicts and the Development of Psychopathology in Adolescents and Young Adults

Melo,Olga; Mota,Catarina Pinheiro
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
The objective in this study was to analyze to what extent inter parental conflicts and divorce act as predictors of psychopathological development in young people from intact and divorced families. The participants were 827 Portuguese young people between 13 and 25 years of age. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the Children’s Perception of Interparental Conflict Scale and the Brief Symptom Inventory were used. Significant difference in the psychopathology were found with regard to gender, age and family structure. As verified, the intensity and lack of solution of the inter parental conflicts positively predict the development of psychopathology. In conclusion, the children whose parents are separated or divorced perceive the frequency and intensity of inter parental conflicts more highly, but present a higher solution level of the inter parental conflicts and higher psychopathology levels. Nevertheless, the family structure has no moderating effect on the interaction between the inter parental conflicts and the development of pyschopathology.

Psychopathology and psychosocial adjustment in patients with HIV-associated lipodystrophy

Barata,Anna; Malouf,Jorge; Gutierrez,Mar; Mateo,Gracia María; Sambeat,Maria Antònia; Gich,Ignasi; Cadafalch,Josep; Wulff,Juan; Domingo,Pere
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases Publicador: Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
OBJECTIVE: To study whether patients with HIV-1 associated lipodystrophy (LD) on highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) have more psychopathology and worse psychosocial adjustment than a similar group without this syndrome. METHODS: In a cross-sectional, observational study we compared 47 HIV-1 infected patients with LD (LD group) with 39 HIV-1 infected patients without LD (non-LD group). All participants were on HAART. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Goldberg Health Questionnaire (GHQ-60) were administered. Levels of familial, work and social adjustment and adjustment to stressful events were evaluated in a semi-structured interview. Clinical information was extracted from the clinical records. RESULTS: In the univariate analysis patients with LD showed higher state anxiety scores (p = 0.009) and worse work adjustment (p = 0.019) than those without LD. A total of 45.3% of LD patients scored above the cut-off point on the trait anxiety scale, and over 33.3% scored above the cut-off point on the BDI, GHQ and state anxiety scales. However, in multivariate analyses LD was not independently associated with psychopathology or with worse adjustment in the studied areas. CONCLUSIONS: The finding that LD was not a predictor of greater psychopathology or worse psychosocial adjustment in HIV-1 infected patients...

Lifetime psychopathology among the offspring of Bipolar I parents

Zappitelli,Marcelo C.; Bordin,Isabel A.; Hatch,John P.; Caetano,Sheila C.; Zunta-Soares,Giovana; Olvera,Rene L.; Soares,Jair C.
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated high rates of psychopathology in the offspring of parents with bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to identify psychiatric diagnoses in a sample of children of bipolar parents. METHOD: This case series comprised 35 children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years, with a mean age of 12.5 + 2.9 years (20 males and 15 females), who had at least one parent with bipolar disorder type I. The subjects were assessed using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children - Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL). Family psychiatric history and demographics were also evaluated. RESULTS: Of the offspring studied, 71.4% had a lifetime diagnosis of at least one psychiatric disorder (28.6% with a mood disorder, 40% with a disruptive behavior disorder and 20% with an anxiety disorder). Pure mood disorders (11.4%) occurred less frequently than mood disorders comorbid with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (17.1%). Psychopathology was commonly reported in second-degree relatives of the offspring of parents with bipolar disorder (71.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Our results support previous findings of an increased risk for developing psychopathology, predominantly mood and disruptive disorders...

Association between parental psychopathology and suicidal behavior among adult offspring: results from the cross-sectional South African Stress and Health survey

Atwoli, Lukoye; Nock, Matthew K; Williams, David R; Stein, Dan J
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.19%
Background: Prior studies have demonstrated a link between parental psychopathology and offspring suicidal behavior. However, it remains unclear what aspects of suicidal behavior among adult offspring are predicted by specific parental mental disorders, especially in Africa. This study set out to investigate the association between parental psychopathology and suicidal behavior among their adult offspring in a South African general population sample. Method Parental psychopathology and suicidal behavior in offspring were assessed using structured interviews among 4,315 respondents from across South Africa. The WHO CIDI was used to collect data on suicidal behavior, while the Family History Research Diagnostic Criteria Interview was used to assess prior parental psychopathology. Bivariate and multivariate survival models tested the associations between the type and number parental mental disorders (including suicide) and lifetime suicidal behavior in the offspring. Associations between a range of parental disorders and the onset of subsequent suicidal behavior (suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts) among adult offspring were tested. Results: The presence of parental psychopathology significantly increased the odds of suicidal behavior among their adult offspring. More specifically...

Elite athletes’ experiences of psychological distress: a discursive analysis of athlete identity in contexts in which athletes are vulnerable to experiencing psychopathology.

Cosh, Suzanne Michelle
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Elite athletes have been reported to experience higher rates of various psychopathology, with the stress of competing at elite levels reported to exacerbate existing pathology (Brewer & Petrie, 1996). In particular, athletes have been noted to be susceptible to experiencing anxiety and depression during the transition out of elite level sport (Lavallee & Robinson, 2007; W. M. Webb, Nasco, Riley, & Headrick, 1998; Wylleman, Alfermann, & Lavallee, 2004), as well as being vulnerable to anxiety and stress during other transitions that they may encounter throughout their careers (Stambulova, Alfermann, Statler, & Cote, 2009). Additionally, elite athletes have been shown to be at risk in relation to their bodies, with athletes reported to have a higher prevalence of eating disorders, sub-clinical disordered eating (Johnson, Powers, & Dick, 1999; Milligan & Pritchard, 2006; Sundgot- Borgen & Klungland Torstveit, 2004), and the Female Athlete Triad – a combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis or osteopenia (Mendelsohn & Warren, 2010; Schtscherbyna, Soares, & de Oliveira, 2009; Yeager, Agostini, Nattiv, & Drinkwater, 1993), than non-athlete populations, as well as being more susceptible to Social Physique Anxiety (Haase...

Adaptação à prisão, psicopatologia e ideação suicida em mulheres reclusas; Adaptation to prison, psychopathology and suicidal ideation in women inmates

Nunes, Ana Rita Dias
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em //2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.21%
Dissertação de mestrado integrado em Psicologia; A relação entre o tempo de reclusão, a psicopatologia e a ideação suicida em mulheres reclusas não tem sido considerada. Este estudo teve como objetivos (1) analisar o efeito do tempo de pena cumprida na psicopatologia em mulheres reclusas e (2) analisar o efeito da psicopatologia na ideação suicida em mulheres reclusas. A amostra foi composta por 84 mulheres reclusas recrutadas num estabelecimento prisional em Portugal. Adotando uma metodologia transversal, as participantes completaram medidas de psicopatologia e ideação suicida. Os resultados revelaram (1) efeitos significativos do tempo de pena cumprida na psicopatologia em mulheres reclusas e (2) efeitos significativos da psicopatologia na ideação suicida em mulheres reclusas. As mulheres reclusas com pena cumprida por tempo inferior a 2.58 anos revelaram maiores níveis obsessões e compulsões, depressão, hostilidade e ansiedade fóbica. As mulheres reclusas com elevada somatização, obsessões e compulsões, sensibilidade interpessoal, depressão, ansiedade, hostilidade, ansiedade fóbica e total de psicopatologia revelaram níveis mais elevados de ideação suicida. Este estudo poderá ter sido um contributo para a literatura sobre a adaptação das mulheres ao meio prisional...

Psicopatologia dos sintomas negativos da esquizofrenia : síndromes deficitária e não-deficitária; The psychopathology of schizophrenia's negative symptoms : schizophrenia with and without the deficit syndrome

Clarissa de Rosalmeida Dantas
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/03/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
A Síndrome Deficitária (SD) da esquizofrenia, um subtipo definido pela presença de sintomas negativos proeminentes, persistentes e primários, hipoteticamente representa uma doença específica, distinta das formas não-deficitárias da esquizofrenia. Objetivos: Identificar, em uma amostra brasileira, diferenças sócio-demográficas, de história psiquiátrica, psicopatológicas, de qualidade de vida e de desempenho cognitivo entre pacientes com e sem SD. Métodos: Categorizamos 85 pacientes esquizofrênicos quanto à presença da SD utilizando a versão brasileira do Schedule for the Deficit Syndrome (SDS). Aqueles que apresentavam sintomas negativos proeminentes e persistentes cuja natureza primária ou secundária não pôde ser estabelecida, usualmente seriam classificados como “não-deficitários” segundo as regras do SDS, mas foram categorizados em um grupo chamado “não-deficitários duvidosos”. Para a avaliação de sintomas positivos, negativos e depressivos, de insight e de qualidade de vida foram utilizadas as escalas: BPRS, SAPS, SANS, Calgary de Depressão, Roteiro para a Avaliação do Insight – Versão Expandida (SAI-E) e Escala de Qualidade de Vida (QLS). De forma independente foram aplicados os testes neuropsicológicos: MINI-MENTAL; as subescalas Raciocínio Matricial...

A hundred-year of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology (Allgemeine Psychopathologie) - 1913-2013: a pivotal book in the history of Psychiatry

Nardi,Antonio Egidio; Freire,Rafael Christophe; Machado,Sergio; Silva,Adriana Cardoso; Crippa,José Alexandre
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/07/2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
After a hundred-years of its publication, the Karl Jaspers' book, General Psychopathology, is still an indispensable book to psychiatrists and for all those who study psychopathology. It's a clear delineation of the phenomenological method for describing the symptoms of mental disorders that remains unmatched until nowadays. The book focuses on the relevance of phenomenological and hermeneutical methods in psychopathology. Although this work is grounded in the clinical thought and practices of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Jaspers' delineation of psychiatric methods in this work is still evaluated as unmatched to this day, a work that is indispensable to contemporary psychiatry. Jaspers also contributed with important articles and book reviews to psychiatric periodicals during the first two decades of the twentieth century.

Parenting practices as mediating variables between parents' psychopathology and oppositional defiant disorder in preschoolers

Trepat de Ancos, Esther; Granero, Roser; Ezpeleta, L.
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.1%
Background: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is very frequent in preschoolers. The severity and the long-term negative outcomes make the understanding of this disorder a priority. The goal in this study was to assess the mediating role of parenting practices in the relationship between parents’ psychopathology and ODD in preschoolers. Method: A community sample of 622 children was assessed longitudinally at age 3 and age 5. Parents reported on children’s psychopathology through a diagnostic interview, and on their own psychological state and parenting style through questionnaires. Results: At ages 3 and 5, corporal punishment mediated the relationships between mothers’ anxiety-depression and ODD (in girls), between mothers’ aggressive behavior and ODD (in boys), and between parents’ rule-breaking and ODD both in boys and girls. For both sexes, there was a direct association between mothers’ aggressive behavior score and ODD. The association between fathers’ psychopathology and ODD was not mediated by the fathers’ parenting practices. Fathers’ anxiety-depression and aggressive behavior scores were directly associated with ODD. Conclusions: Parents’ psychopathology must be explored and, in families where such psychopathology is a relevant variable...

Lifetime psychopathology among the offspring of Bipolar I parents

Zappitelli, Marcelo C.; Bordin, Isabel A.; Hatch, John P.; Caetano, Sheila C.; Zunta-Soares, Giovana; Olvera, Rene L.; Soares, Jair C.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated high rates of psychopathology in the offspring of parents with bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to identify psychiatric diagnoses in a sample of children of bipolar parents. METHOD: This case series comprised 35 children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 years, with a mean age of 12.5 + 2.9 years (20 males and 15 females), who had at least one parent with bipolar disorder type I. The subjects were assessed using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children - Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL). Family psychiatric history and demographics were also evaluated. RESULTS: Of the offspring studied, 71.4% had a lifetime diagnosis of at least one psychiatric disorder (28.6% with a mood disorder, 40% with a disruptive behavior disorder and 20% with an anxiety disorder). Pure mood disorders (11.4%) occurred less frequently than mood disorders comorbid with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (17.1%). Psychopathology was commonly reported in second-degree relatives of the offspring of parents with bipolar disorder (71.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Our results support previous findings of an increased risk for developing psychopathology, predominantly mood and disruptive disorders...

Cognitive psychopathology: The role of emotion

Power,Michael J.
Fonte: Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada Publicador: Instituto Superior de Psicologia Aplicada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
This paper examines the role of emotion in the understanding of psychopathology. The influential Cognitive Therapy model of Beck is briefly reviewed and a number of limitations are considered. Two particular weaknesses are highlighted in the understanding of cognitive psychopathology; namely, the importance of multi-level processing systems and the importance of emotion. The Power and Dalgleish (1997, 2008) SPAARS model is presented to show the advantages that arise from the inclusion of multi-level processes combined with a theoretical account of emotion. In order to illustrate the application of the SPAARS model to cognitive psychopathology, findings from a recent emotion profile analysis of clinical depression and anxiety are summarised. The analyses also illustrate the importance of shame-related emotions in depression in contrast to the guilt-related emotions that are highlighted in classification systems such as DSM-IV.

Including subjectivity in the teaching of Psychopathology

Serpa Junior,Octavio Domont de; Leal,Erotildes Maria; Louzada,Rita de Cássia Ramos; Silva Filho,João Ferreira da
Fonte: Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação Publicador: Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.1%
Current psychopathology studies have often been presented in their descriptive dimension. This perspective is important for teaching because it helps the students to recognize and identify the symptomatology of each psychopathology case. However, subjectivity, the experience of suffering and interpersonal aspects are all lost in this perspective. Coming from another psychopathology tradition - existential anthropology - this paper presents practical psychopathology teaching experience which considers such dimensions as being relevant to the understanding of mental suffering. The features and limitations of such traditions are briefly reviewed to support this teaching experience. Two new modalities of practical teaching, used in the discipline of "Special Psychopathology I" offered by the Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine at the medical school of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro for students of psychology, will be presented according to descriptive case study methodology. With these activities we also expect to change the practice of teaching. Traditionally, interviewing of in-patients by a large group of students who observe passively what is happening is the center of this kind of education. We intend to develop a model of teaching which is closer to the proposal of the Brazilian Psychiatric Reform which views mental illness as a complex phenomenon...