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Integrating open innovation in the social innovation process : an exploratory study

Calcagno, Sofía
Fonte: Fundação Getúlio Vargas Publicador: Fundação Getúlio Vargas
Tipo: Dissertação
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
Inovação tem se tornado um fenômeno cada vez mais complexo e dinâmico, com a mudança de um paradigma focado na inovação industrial, onde a inovação acontecia no produto ou no processo de fabricação, para outro baseado no conhecimento, muito mais amplo. Além disso, o conhecimento e a competência técnica não são mais considerados como um monopólio do departamento de pesquisa e desenvolvimento. Isto trouxe mudanças nas práticas de inovação, que se tornaram mais abertas e levaram as empresas a interagir cada vez mais com o seu ambiente. Por outro lado, a inovação tecnológica, cujo primeiro objetivo é de criar valor para a empresa, tem experimentado alguns limites para resolver problemas sociais, como o aquecimento global. As novas tecnologias têm a capacidade de melhorar a qualidade de vida de muita gente, mas não é suficiente. É nesse contexto que surge outro tipo de inovação, cujo objetivo é de maximizar o impacto positivo na sociedade: a inovação social. Estes dois paradigmas de inovação, mais adequados aos desafios atuais, têm alguns pontos em comum na sua integração com o ambiente externo: a sociedade e outros atores da inovação. No entanto, praticamente não existem estudos integrando inovação aberta e inovação social. Este trabalho estuda a integração destes dois modelos a partir de uma pesquisa exploratória...

Innovation in services – how different from manufacturing?

Pires, Cesaltina; Sarkar, Soumodip; Carvalho, Luísa
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 43605 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.15%
Using standardised firm data a comparative analysis of the determinants of product and process innovation in manufacturing and services is performed. Results show that in services there are significant differences in innovation behaviour, in terms of intramural and extramural R&D. It is also found that size matters less in services than in manufacturing. Although youth has a positive effect in both cases, young service firms are more likely than young manufacturing of being pioneer innovators. The results reveal the importance of learning by doing in service process innovations, as young service firms are less likely to introduce process innovations.

Innovation behaviour in financial services: an empirical analysis

Sarkar, Soumodip; Pires, Cesaltina; Carvalho, Luísa
Fonte: Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Publicador: Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 28746 bytes; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.21%
In this paper, using standardised data for over 7000 service sector firms, we test different hypotheses to understand to what extent innovation output and activity in financial sector firms is different from other service firms. An intriguing result for the service sector as a whole is that the effect of a firm being part of a multinational group is negative for product innovation but positive for process innovation. Comparing the innovation behaviour of financial and non-financial services firms, we obtain four very interesting and significant differences. Firstly, we find that financial services have a lower probability of introducing product innovations, but a higher probability of introducing process innovations. Secondly, we find that financial services firms are not particularly good pioneer innovators, but they are quite good as innovation imitators. Thirdly, for the financial services firms, being part of a multinational group increases the probability of the firm being both a pioneer innovator and a product innovator. Finally, we find differences in innovation behaviour due to firm size.

Innovative Firms or Innovative Owners? Determinants of Innovation in Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises

de Mel, Suresh; McKenzie, David; Woodruff, Christopher
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.33%
Innovation is key to technology adoption and creation, and to explaining the vast differences in productivity across and within countries. Despite the central role of the entrepreneur in the innovation process, data limitations have restricted standard analysis of the determinants of innovation to consideration of the role of firm characteristics. The authors develop a model of innovation that incorporates the role of both owner and firm characteristics, and use this to determine how product, process, marketing, and organizational innovations should vary with firm size and competition. They then use a new, large, representative survey from Sri Lanka to test this model and to examine whether and how owner characteristics matter for innovation. The survey also allows analysis of the incidence of innovation in micro and small firms, which have traditionally been overlooked in the study of innovation, despite these firms comprising the majority of firms in developing countries. The analysis finds that more than one-quarter of the microenterprises are engaging in innovation...

Enhancing Agricultural Innovation : How to Go Beyond the Strengthening of Research Systems

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.3%
Agricultural development depends to a great extent on how successfully knowledge is generated and applied. Investments in knowledge, especially in the form of science and technology, have been featured prominently and consistently in most strategies to promote sustainable and equitable agricultural development at the national level. Although many of these investments have been quite successful, the context for agriculture is changing rapidly-sometimes radically-and the process of knowledge generation and use has been transformed as well. It is increasingly recognized that traditional agricultural science and technology investments such as research and extension, although necessary, are not sufficient to enable agricultural innovation. As this paper will demonstrate, new perspectives on the nature of the agricultural innovation process can yield practical approaches to agricultural development that may be more suited to this changing context. This paper includes the following headings: (i) reasons for assessing the value of the innovation systems perspective; (ii) the innovation systems concept - a framework for analysis; (iii) research methodology and case study descriptions; (iv) innovation system capacity - a comparative analysis of case studies; (v) reviewing the innovation systems concept in light of the case studies; (vi) toward a framework for diagnosis and intervention; and (vii) conclusions.

Openness in product and process innovation

Huang, F.; Rice, J.
Fonte: Imperial College Press Publicador: Imperial College Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
Open innovation has generally been explored in terms of improved innovation performance vis-à-vis product/service innovation performance. However, process innovation is often ignored in the open innovation literature. In this study, we assess the impact of openness on innovation in products/services, and also on process innovation, drawing on a large-scale sample of Australian firms. In essence, we find that open innovation models are useful for firms seeking to innovate in processes as well as products and services. However, we find that openness to external information sources may, after a time, lead to decreasing marginal returns as measured by innovation performance. We also observe that, within our sample, the proposed complementarities between internal and external knowledge are generally only evident as precursors to the introduction of new products and services, and may not be as beneficial in stimulating process innovations. It is also shown by our study that investment in absorptive capacity has a declining marginal effect on the innovation performance of new processes, but not on the introduction of new products and services.; Fang Huang and John Rice; Electronic version of an article published as International Journal of Innovation Management...

Product and Process Innovation in a Growth Model of Firm Selection

BENEDETTI FASIL, Cristiana
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
Recent empirical evidence based on firm level data emphasizes firm heterogeneity in innovation activities and the different effects of process and product innovations on the productivity level and productivity growth. To match this evidence, this paper develops an endogenous growth model with two sources of firm heterogeneity: production efficiency and product quality. Both attributes evolve endogenously through firms’ innovation choices. Growth is driven by innovation and self-selection of firms and sustained by entrants who imitate incumbents. Calibrating the economy to match the Spanish manufacturing sector, the model enables to quantify the different effects of selection, innovation, and imitation as well as product and process innovation on growth. Compared to single attribute models of firm heterogeneity, the model provides a more complete characterization of firms’ innovation choices explaining the partition of firms along different innovation strategies and generating consistent firm size distributions.

Explaining the decisions to carry out product and process innovations: the Spanish case

Martínez-Ros, Ester
Fonte: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid Publicador: Universidade Carlos III de Madrid
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /12/1998 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.2%
We investigate the determinants of innovation activity making a distinction between product and process innovations. We analyse a pseudo production function of innovations where among the explanatory variables, special attention is paid to firm and market characteristics. The study is applied to a large sample (approximatedly 1000 firms) of Spanish manufacturing firms during the period 1990-1993. There are important implications arising from the empirical results: i) Product and process innovations are intimately related independently of the model used in the estimation. ii) The control by unobserved firm effects as the ability and experience of manager is so important as to affect the conclusions on the managerial decissions about which type of innovation develop. iii) Given the feedback effects amongst innovation decisions and other factors determining them, it is also very important to consider a version of the model that allows correlation among those unobserved effects and explanatory variables. iv) The probability to innovate is higher in capital intensive firms and in firms with export activities. v) Market competition encourages the decision to innovate up to threshold. vi) The past firm experience and the managerial quality play a significant role in the probability to innovate. vii) Product and process innovation decisions are complementary.

Firms' age, process innovation and productivity growth

Huergo, Elena; Jaumandreu, Jordi
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Publicado em /04/2004 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.98%
This paper looks directly at the impact of firms' age and (process) innovations on productivity growth. A model that specifies productivity growth as an unknown function of these variables is devised and estimated using semiparametric methods. Results show that firms enter the market experiencing high productivity growth and that above-average growth rates tend to last for many years, but also that productivity growth of surviving firms converges. Process innovations at some point then lead to extra productivity growth, which also tends to persist somewhat attenuated for a number of years.

Toward joint Medical Logistics 2010 and beyond: process innovation and redesign of Class VIII supply chain at a medical logistics company

Augustitus, Mary A.; Stevenson, Sonja L.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xx, 140 p.
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.2%
Approved for public release, distribution is unlimited; The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate current Class VIII supply chain procedures at a U.S. Medical Logistics Company (Med Log Co), process map the "as is" baseline process and propose possible "to be" process redesign alternatives that will possibly improve efficiency and produce long-term cost savings. To perform this analysis, the 1st Med Log Co at Camp Pendleton, CA was chosen. The assessment of their "as is" process includes a historical background on medical logistics within the Department of Defense, a comprehensive material logistics literature review, site visits, personnel interviews, process mapping of the baseline "as is" process, and proposal of two redesign alternatives for the "to be" process. A comprehensive analysis was conducted using Thomas Davenport's Process Innovation Framework and quantitative measurements were obtained using the Knowledge-based Organizational Process Redesign (KOPeR) methodology to diagnosis existing pathologies. KOPeR measurements indicate that the 1st Med Log Co's existing "as is" process is a fragmented, mostly manual procurement process that can be innovated now using information technology as a process enabler. Our results indicate that by formally injecting the use of electronic mail and shared databases into the "as is" procurement process an immediate impact can be realized. Further efficiency and cost savings can be accomplished by coupling the injection of information technology with a web- based end-to-end procurement process that assigns a case manager to the "to be" process.; http://www.archive.org/details/towardjointmedic00augu; Major...

Advancing Innovation in the Republic of Tatarstan : A Framework for Competing and Thriving in the Global Economy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Infrastructure Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.3%
This report provides recommendations for transforming Tartarstan's traditional industrial economy into a globally competitive, knowledge based economy, and for involving Russia in the development process. A broad range of innovation policies are best handled at the regional level and are difficult to achieve through an approach solely based on national innovation. Regional innovation systems are constantly evolving and government must be flexible enough to support learning and interactions between innovation stakeholders and the ability of firms to find their competitive advantages in global markets.

Human Capital and University-Industry Linkages' Role in Fostering Firm Innovation : An Empirical Study of Chile and Colombia

Marotta, Daniela; Mark, Michael; Blom, Andreas; Thorn, Kristian
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
A firm's absorptive capacity, human capital and linkages with knowledge institutions have been shown to increase the firm's probability of innovating in OECD economies. Despite its importance for national- and firm-level competitiveness, few papers examine the impact of the same variables for firms innovation in Latin America. This paper investigates the link between firm innovation and its absorption capacity as proxied by the presence of a R&D department, the firm's human capital, and its interaction with research centers and universities. We analyze the case of Chilean and Colombian manufacturing firms using data from innovation surveys. A probit regression model is applied to identify the determinants of innovation activity. We find that collaboration with university and research institutions is associated with an increase in the probability of introducing a new product in Chilean and Colombian firms of 29 and 44 percent, respectively, and it can increase up to 58 percent in the case of Colombian firms interacting with research centers. Moreover...

Competition and Innovation-Driven Inclusive Growth

Dutz, Mark A.; Kessides, Ioannis; O'Connell, Stephen; Willig, Robert D.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.22%
The paper investigates the strength of innovation-driven employment growth, the role of competition in stimulating and facilitating it, and whether it is inclusive. In a sample of more than 26,000 manufacturing establishments across 71 countries (both OECD and developing), the authors find that firms that innovate in products or processes, or that have attained higher total factor productivity, exhibit higher employment growth than non-innovative firms. The strength of firms' innovation-driven employment growth is significantly positively associated with the share of the firms' workforce that is unskilled, debunking the conventional wisdom that innovation-driven growth is not inclusive in that it is focused on jobs characterized by higher levels of qualification. They also find that young firms have higher propensities for product or process innovation in countries with better Doing Business ranks (both overall and ranks for constituent components focused on credit availability and property registration). Firms generally innovate more and show greater employment growth if they are exposed to more information (through internet use and membership in business organizations) and are exporters. The empirical results support the policy propositions that innovation is a powerful driver of employment growth...

Propuesta de evaluación de la satisfacción del cliente en el proceso innovación y emprendimiento; Proposal evaluation of customer satisfaction in the process innovation and entrepreneurship

Molano Rengifo, Olga Lucia; Ramirez López, Leonardo Juan
Fonte: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Ingeniería; Especialización en Gerencia de la Calidad Publicador: Universidad Militar Nueva Granada; Facultad de Ingeniería; Especialización en Gerencia de la Calidad
Tipo: bachelorThesis; Trabajo de grado Formato: pdf; pdf
SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.95%
Propuesta de instrumento de medición y plan de mejoramiento, para el Macroproceso: Investigación - Proceso: Innovación y Emprendimiento y su Procedimiento: Obtención de Patentes, dada la importancia para la universidad proponer planes de mejora hacia la satisfacción de los requisitos de sus inventores neogranadinos.; Proposed instrument and improvement plan for the Macroprocess: Research - Process: Innovation and Entrepreneurship and Procedure: Obtaining Patents, given the importance to the university to propose improvement plans to the satisfaction of the requirements of their neogranadinos inventors.

Innovation and its Effects on Employment Composition: Microeconomic Evidence from Colombian Firms

Mej??a, Juan Felipe; Arias, Yurani
Fonte: Universidad EAFIT; Escuela de Econom??a y Finanzas Publicador: Universidad EAFIT; Escuela de Econom??a y Finanzas
Tipo: workingPaper; Documento de trabajo de investigaci??n; draf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
This study analyses the effects of innovation on employment in Colombian firms for the manufacturing and service sectors in two different periods: 2007-2010 for the manufacturing industry, and 2010-2011 for the service industry. Based on the theoretical framework proposed by Harrison et al.(2014), we test this relationship using instrumental variables techniques. Data proceed from The Annual Manufacturing Survey, The Development and Technological Innovation Industrial Survey, and The Development and Technological Innovation Services Survey, all of them collected by the Colombian National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE).Our empirical results show that sales growth due to new products positively affects employment growth, and process innovation has not a displacement effect on employment growth. This is robust to different specifications and the inclusion of control variables.

PROCESS INNOVATION: A STUDY IN THE FURNITURE INDUSTRY Campina Grande - PB DOI:10.5773/rai.v1i1.584; PROCESSO DE INOVAÇÃO: UM ESTUDO NO SETOR MOVELEIRO DE CAMPINA GRANDE - PB DOI:10.5773/rai.v1i1.584

Silva, Minelle Enéas; Sousa, Ismara Gomes; Freitas, Lúcia Santana
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/04/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.15%
Increasingly identifies itself in organizations need to seek continuity in the development of their activities at the market dynamics. Therefore, it is necessary to assume a more flexible and competitive. It may be noted as an important aspect for business survival process of organizational innovation whereas it should be understood as a concept aimed at deployment of new or significantly modified to the needs of customers and consumers. In this area, the objective is to understand the process of innovation in the sector of furniture manufacturing in Campina Grande – PB, to the extent that we analyze unique characteristics in relation to that case. With an exploratory-descriptive research based on the characterization of Economics of Local Productive Arrangements can be operated from the application of questionnaires to the social actors involved. Therefore, it is perceived that this arrangement is considered a productive sector relevant to state and local economies, since according to the interviewed entrepreneurs can identify the innovative potential existing in this activity productive, since the four types ofinnovation studied was noticed some kind of deployment of innovative feature.; Cada vez mais identifica-se nas organizações a necessidade de buscar continuidade no desenvolvimento de suas atividades junto à dinâmica do mercado. Para tanto...

THE INFLUENCE OF PRODUCT AND PROCESS INNOVATION OVER THE PERFORMANCE OF BRAZILIAN COMPANIES; A INFLUÊNCIA DA INOVAÇÃO EM PRODUTOS E PROCESSOS NO DESEMPENHO DE EMPRESAS BRASILEIRAS

Terra, Natália Mendonça; Barbosa, Jose Geraldo Pereira; Bouzada, Marco Aurélio Carino
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 29/09/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.22%
The main objective of this research was to evaluate the relationship between performance of product innovations (processes) and growth (profitability) of Brazilian companies from three sectors: manufacturing of machinery and equipment; manufacturing of chemical products and manufacturing of computing equipment, electronic and optical products. We used research data of PINTEC (2003, 2005 and 2008) and PIA (2003-2010) collected at the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics - IBGE. We verified, based on results of multiple regression and statistical analysis, the absence of a positive relationship between the performance of process innovation (product) and profitability (growth). To some extent it was expected that innovations do not provide a high level of explanation for the variance in financial performance of companies considering that there are other factors that help explain this variance (market attractiveness, dominance of input sources, to name just two examples). It was noticed that the literature examined is also inconclusive on the relationship between innovation and financial performance. These contradictory results are mainly due to the diversity of variables used to measure both financial performance and innovation performance. Besides the rejection of the research hypotheses...

Innovation-supportive culture: The Impact of organizational values on process innovation

Khazanchi, Shalini; Lewis, Marianne; Boyer, Kenneth
Fonte: Elsevier. The definitive version can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jom Publicador: Elsevier. The definitive version can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jom
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.13%
For managers, innovation is vital, but paradoxical, requiring flexibility and empowerment, as well as control and efficiency. Increasingly, studies stress organizational culture as a key to managing innovation. Yet innovation-supportive culture remains an intricate and amorphous phenomenon. In response, we explore how organizational values – a foundational building block of culture – impact a particular process innovation, the implementation of advanced manufacturing technology (AMT). To unpack this scarcely studied construct, we examine three-dimensions of organizational values: value profiles, value congruence and value– practice interactions.

Process innovation and continuous improvement in a plastics industry of furniture Polo of the Serra Gaucha; Process innovation and continuous improvement in a plastics industry of furniture Polo of the Serra Gaucha; Inovação no Processo e Melhoria Contínua em uma Indústria de Plásticos do Polo Moveleiro da Serra Gaúcha

Guimarães, Julio Cesar Ferrro de; UCS; Severo, Eliana Andrea; UCS; Pereira, Adrieli Alves; UCS; Dorion, Eric Charles Henri; UCS; Olea, Pelayo Munhoz; UCS
Fonte: Universidade Federal Fluminense - LATEC Publicador: Universidade Federal Fluminense - LATEC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; Pesquisa Empírica; Estudo de Caso Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
Companies are under pressure to improve competitive performance for both organizations can adopt a strategy that encompasses innovations in processes and tools of continual improvement, which is based on waste elimination, improved products, increased productivity, as well as the use solutions that build on motivation and creativity of employees to improve the practice of their processes. This study aims to analyze the process innovation and continuous improvement methodology implemented in a plastics industry Furniture Polo Serra Gaucha. The methodology used in researching this incident was a case study, using as a tool for collecting and analyzing data, structured interviews and content analysis. This article described the continuous improvement in applying the Method of Analysis and Solution of Problem (MASP), adapted to the reality of business, innovation in the process resulted in significant improvements, with savings of 20.32% in the cost of parts. Keywords: Innovation in the Process. Continuous Improvement. MASP.; Companies are under pressure to improve competitive performance for both organizations can adopt a strategy that encompasses innovations in processes and tools of continual improvement, which is based on waste elimination...

i9 – Novo Modelo de Gestão de Inovação em uma Empresa de Serviço de Entretenimento; I9 – NEW MODEL FOR INNOVATION MANAGEMENT IN AN ENTERTAINMENT SERVICES BUSINESS; I9 – NEW MODEL FOR INNOVATION MANAGEMENT IN AN ENTERTAINMENT SERVICES BUSINESS

Faria, Nelson; UFRJ; Sofia, Lindália; FGV-Rio
Fonte: Universidade Federal Fluminense - LATEC Publicador: Universidade Federal Fluminense - LATEC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/10/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.37%
A inovação em empresas de serviços é um assunto importante não somente para os empresários como também para os funcionários. Apesar de sua relevância econômica, a indústria de serviços tem recebido relativamente pouca atenção nas pesquisas de inovação. As organizações prestadoras de serviços competem em ambientes que se modificam rapidamente, enfrentando pressões crescentes tanto de competidores conhecidos quanto de concorrentes não tradicionais. A inovação é a principal forma que essas organizações têm para competir, especialmente aquelas que enfrentam a desregulamentação. A inovação é também um instrumento na construção e desenvolvimento da imagem das empresas que lidam com intangíveis. Além disso, o grau de exigência dos consumidores de serviços das empresas de entretenimento está cada vez maior e, com o aumento da concorrência a partir da entrada de novas operadoras de distribuição de conteúdo, o telespectador passou a ter maiores opções de alternativas de mídias audiovisuais. A própria conscientização do consumidor faz com que as empresas tenham a preocupação de fornecer produtos cada vez com mais qualidade. A criatividade e a inovação passam a ser fatores diferenciais para a sobrevivência de uma empresa de entretenimento. Quando se define inovação em serviços de entretenimento...