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The role of stigma and uncertainty in moderating the effect of procedural justice on cooperation and resistance in police encounters with persons with mental illnesses

Watson, Amy C; Angell, Beth
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.8%
Within social psychology, procedural justice theory has been used to understand variations in compliance with legal authorities such as police. Thus, it may help explain variation in cooperation and compliance in encounters between police officers and people with serious mental illness (SMI), which are often fraught with difficulty and risk. In this paper, we examine the extent to which perceptions of procedural justice among persons with SMI are associated with self-reported levels of cooperation and resistance in encounters with police. We also examine stigma and encounter type as potential moderators of the procedural justice effect. 154 persons with serious mental illness who reported a police contact within the past year were interviewed using the newly developed Police Contact Experience Survey (PCES), which includes questions about the characteristics of the contact, perceived procedural justice (PPJ) and degree of cooperation and resistance. Participants also completed the Link Perceived Devaluation and Discrimination Scale (PDS). Findings suggest that greater PPJ is associated with more cooperation and less resistance. The effect on cooperation, however, is moderated by both perceived stigma and the type of encounter. The direct effect of perceived stigma (PDS) on cooperation was unexpected...

Étude longitudinale du lien entre la justice organisationnelle et le niveau d’engagement organisationnel chez les travailleurs du secteur des technologies de l’information et des communications

Chèvrefils, Marie-Hélène
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.9%
L’objectif de ce mémoire est de comprendre l’impact de la justice organisationnelle sur l’engagement organisationnel des travailleurs du secteur des technologies de l’information et des communications (TIC). Afin d’étudier ce sujet, trois hypothèses de recherche ont été formulés à partir des théories suivantes : 1- la théorie des attentes d’Adams (1965), 2- la théorie de l’échange social de Blau (1964) et 3- la théorie de Leventhal (1980). La première hypothèse stipule que, toutes choses étant égales par ailleurs, la justice distributive fait augmenter l’engagement affectif des travailleurs du secteur des TIC. La seconde hypothèse indique que toutes choses étant égales par ailleurs, la justice procédurale fait augmenter l’engagement affectif des travailleurs du secteur des TIC. La dernière hypothèse énonce que toutes choses étant égales par ailleurs, la justice procédurale a un impact plus important sur l’engagement affectif des travailleurs du secteur des TIC que la justice distributive. Les données utilisées proviennent d’une enquête par questionnaires électroniques auprès de l’ensemble des nouveaux employés d’une entreprise d’envergure internationale du secteur des TIC ayant un établissement à Montréal. Les employés ont été sondés à trois reprises. Les résultats indiquent que la justice distributive fait augmenter l’engagement affectif auprès des travailleurs...

Procedural justice, shame and tax compliance

Murphy, Kristina
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 328382 bytes; 347 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.65%
In the present paper, an individual’s emotional reactions to punishment are found to play an important role in determining whether or not they will subsequently comply with their obligations under the law. Survey data collected from 2292 taxpayers who have been accused of tax avoidance demonstrate that perceptions of procedural injustice can indirectly affect future tax compliance through a set of mediating variables that represent emotions of shame. Based on the findings, it will be proposed that procedural justice research may benefit by further considering research into emotions. Implications for how regulators might be able to more effectively and more decently enforce the law will also be discussed.; no

Principles of procedural fairness in reminder letters and awareness of entitlements: A prestudy

Wenzel, Michael
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 81026 bytes; application/pdf
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.71%
Reminder letters by tax authorities are typically to the point and brisk, if not threatening. While appropriate from a deterrence-based regulatory approach, they may lack qualities conducive to a regulatory approach based on a more cooperative relationship between tax authorities and taxpayers. In particular, they may be considered to violate principles of procedural justice. In an experimental questionnaire study with a student sample, reactions to two alternative reminder letters, designed to incorporate principles of informational justice and interpersonal justice respectively, were compared to the standard letter. Furthermore, the effects of the letters were tested when three different rights (informational, interpersonal, conciseness), as granted in the Taxpayers’ Charter, were made salient. It was predicted that respondents would regard a letter as fairer when the salient right was matched in the letter than when it was not. This prediction was confirmed for the two letters that incorporated justice principles. Furthermore, overall the interpersonal letter was regarded most fair; and making respondents aware of the interpersonal right increased their perceptions of fairness. However, while perceived fairness was related to hypothetical compliance...

Procedural justice and tax compliance

Murphy, Kristina
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 318524 bytes; 349 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.71%
Throughout the 1990s, tens of thousands of Australian taxpayers invested in massmarketed tax effective schemes. They enjoyed generous tax breaks until the Australian Taxation Office (Tax Office) told them in 1998 that they abused the system. This study examines the circumstances surrounding taxpayers decision to invest in scheme arrangements. It also explores investors perceptions of the way the Tax Office handled the schemes issue and, perhaps more importantly, why such a large number of investors defied the Tax Offices demands that they pay back taxes. Data were taken from in-depth interviews conducted with 29 scheme investors. Consistent with the procedural justice literature, the findings revealed that many of the scheme investors interviewed defied the Tax Offices demands because the procedures the Tax Office used to handle the situation were perceived to be unfair. Given these findings, it will be argued that to effectively shape desired behaviour, regulators will need to move beyond enforcement strategies linked purely to deterrence. A strategy that aims to emphasise the procedural justice aspects of a regulatory encounter will be discussed.; no

Victim participation in a restorative justice process : the Canberra Reintegrative Shaming Experiments

Strang, Heather
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.72%
This thesis addresses the role of victims in our criminal justice system and the shortcomings they perceive in the way they are treated. It examines whether restorative justice can offer then more justice that they receive from the formal court-based system. Before the rise of the modern state, restorative justice was the dominant model of resolution for disputes and criminal actions. However, the victim’s role in Western criminal justice declined over time, until only a vestigial and debased part as a witness for the prosecution remained. Research into the shortcomings of the court-based system has identified a number of issues that victims want to address. In brief, they are found to want a less formal process where their views count, more information about both the processing and the outcome of their case is dealt with, fairer and more respectful treatment, and emotional as well as material restoration as an outcome. Over the three decades, the victim movement worldwide has agitated for an enhanced role of victims in criminal justice. Despite some successes, it appears that structural as well as political factors may mean that victims have won as much as they are likely to gain form formal justice. The Reintegrative Shaming Experiments (RISE) in Canberra provide an opportunity to compare the impact on victims of court-based justice with a restorative justice program known as conferencing. This randomised controlled trial assigned middle-range property and violent offences committed by young offenders either to court (as they would normally have been treated) or to a conference. The study achieved a love level of treatment crossover (three percent) and a high victim interview response (85 percent). With material restoration...

Are restorative justice conferences more fair than criminal courts? comparing levels of observed procedural justice in the reintegrative shaming experiments (RISE)

Barnes, G. C.; Hyatt, J. M.; Angel, C. M.; Strang, H.; Sherman, L. W.
Fonte: SAGE Publications (UK and US) Publicador: SAGE Publications (UK and US)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 28 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.61%
The reintegrative shaming experiments (RISE) were conducted in Canberra, Australia, between 1995 and 2000. RISE compared the effects of standard court proceedings to restorative justice (RJ)–focused diversionary conferences (DCs) with juvenile, young adult, and adult offenders who had been arrested for personal property, shoplifting, violent, or drunk driving offenses. We evaluated, using observational data, the effect of RJ conferences on objective procedural justice. We find that the DCs produced significantly higher levels of offender engagement within the adjudicative process and higher levels of ethical treatment, and that, when compared with standard trials, conduct within the conferences was attuned to the reintegrative shaming (RIS) process. These results reinforce the previous RISE findings by providing evidence that the conferencing process, as delivered, was in keeping with the overall goals of RJ and supports the prior attribution of RISE’s effectiveness to the RJ process.; The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This study was supported by Grant #70517 from the Robert Woods Johnson Foundation's Public Health Law program. Supporters of the original RISE project included the Criminology Research Council (Australia)...

Water under the Bridge: Fairness and Justice in Environmental Decision-Making

Gross, Catherine
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.91%
Concepts of justice and the distribution of public resources have been an important aspect of social debate for centuries. Finding fair and just allocations of natural resources remains a major preoccupation for national governments and their constituent communities. Yet Australian governments, despite their long history of dealing with resource use conflicts, have largely failed to establish lasting legal or institutional frameworks in which resources are allocated in ways that are seen as equitable, fair and just. Where such allocations or decisions are perceived as unjust, underlying social tensions can emerge and result in social conflict. This study examines two such social conflicts in which communities expressed dissatisfaction with government plans and decisions through organized protests. The first case study explores community reactions to a 2006 NSW government action to cut a water allocation in the Murray Irrigation District. The second investigates community reactions to the Victorian government's North South Pipeline and Food Bowl Modernisation Project initiated in 2007. This study investigates these conflicts from a justice perspective, concentrating on notions of fairness and justice. Using a transdisciplinary investigative framework the thesis explores these notions through stakeholder perceptions of procedural justice and distributive justice. Procedural justice is concerned with the fairness of elements of the decision-making process and distributive justice with the outcome or decision. The study aims to find out how people perceive fairness and justice within the social context of the decision-making process and how these perceptions contribute to their acceptance of an outcome. The study also explores how better outcomes might be achieved. The study finds that justice and fairness are critical in determining people's acceptance of...

Sport-Specific Arbitration in Canada: A Qualitative Investigation of Four Athletes' Perceptions of the Fairness of the Process

Gardner, Peter C.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.71%
This thesis explored Canadian high performance Athletes' perceptions of the fairness of the SDRCC sport-specific arbitral process. Leventhal’s (1980) model of procedural justice judgment was found to be an effective tool for exploring Athletes’ perceptions of the fairness of the process. Five of his six procedural justice antecedents: consistency, bias suppression, accuracy of information, representativeness, and ethicality influenced the Athletes’ perceptions of the fairness of the process. Emergent data also revealed that the Athletes’ perceptions of fairness were also influenced by three contextual factors and an additional antecedent of procedural justice. Efficiency of the process, inherent power imbalance between Athletes and NSOs, and the measurable effect of the process on personal and professional relationships differentiate sport-specific arbitration from most other processes of allocation. The data also indicated that the opportunity to voice one’s case was also an important determinant of the Athletes’ perceptions of the fairness of the process.

Les enjeux éthiques de l’ambiguïté du terme "communauté" dans les documents officiels de santé publique au Québec sous une perspective de justice distributive

Gendron, Karine
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.66%
Ciblant la réduction des inégalités sociales de santé, le Québec a établi une stratégie de soutien au développement des communautés en santé publique. Or, un usage ambigu du terme de « communauté » est identifiable dans les documents officiels de santé publique au Québec, ce qui pose des questions d’équité et de justice sociale. D'abord, cette imprécision permet mal l’application du soutien au développement des communautés et laisse présager la même difficulté quant à l’objectif de réduction des inégalités sociales de santé qui s’y rattache. Aussi, cette situation pose un problème d’équité, puisqu’elle mène difficilement à la justification des choix des communautés qui seront soutenues pour leur développement. Le premier Chapitre de ce mémoire confirme alors l’hypothèse selon laquelle on ne s’efforce pas suffisamment pour rendre compréhensible la notion de « communauté » en santé publique, à l’aide d’une analyse de contenu des documents de santé publique québécois. Le deuxième chapitre explore diverses compréhensions du terme à travers les sciences sociales. On propose alors la typologie de Vibert pour démontrer la richesse sociohistorique du concept de « communauté » et ses enjeux et pour permettre d’éclairer les professionnels de santé quant aux choix des communautés qu’ils soutiendront dans leur pratique. Enfin...

Is there more to restorative justice than mere compliance to procedural justice? : a qualitative reflection from the victims' point of view

Van Camp, Tinneke
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.09%
Une multitude de recherches évaluatives ont démontré que les victimes de crime, qu’elles soient victimes d’un crime contre les biens ou contre la personne, apprécient l’approche réparatrice. Cependant, nous sommes toujours à la recherche des facteurs théoriques qui expliqueraient la satisfaction des victimes en ce qui concerne leur expérience avec les interventions réparatrices. La recherche décrite dans cette thèse concerne l’exploration des facteurs contribuant à la satisfaction des victimes de crime avec l’approche réparatrice ainsi que ses liens avec la théorie de justice procédurale. Selon la théorie de justice procédurale, la perception de justice n’est pas uniquement associée à l’appréciation du résultat d’une intervention, mais également à l’appréciation de la procédure, et que la procédure et le résultat peuvent être évalués de façon indépendante. Les procédures qui privilégient la confiance, la neutralité et le respect, ainsi que la participation et la voix des parties sont plus appréciées. Notre objectif de recherche était d’explorer l’analogie entre l’appréciation de la justice réparatrice et le concept de justice procédurale. En outre, nous avons voulu déterminer si la justice réparatrice surpasse...

L'impact de la justice distributive et procédurale sur l'intention de rester avec l'effet médiateur de l'engagement organisationnel : étude longitudinale dans le secteur des TIC

Tremblay, François-Alexandre
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
FR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.95%
Ce mémoire a pour objectif de comprendre l'impact de la justice distributive et de la justice procédurale sur l'intention de rester via l'effet médiateur de l'engagement organisationnel. Pour étudier cette question, nous avons émis trois hypothèses basées sur les études empiriques et certaines théories. La première hypothèse stipule que la justice distributive est positivement et indirectement liée à l'intention de rester via l'engagement organisationnel. La deuxième hypothèse suggère que la justice procédurale est positivement et indirectement associée à l'intention de rester en passant par l'engagement organisationnel. La dernière hypothèse indique que la justice procédurale a un impact plus important sur l'intention de rester que la justice distributive via l'engagement organisationnel. Les données utilisées pour cette étude longitudinale ont été colligées dans le cadre d'une enquête portant sur « les liens entre la rémunération, la formation et le développement des compétences avec l’attraction et la rétention des employés clés ». Ces données proviennent d'une entreprise internationale du secteur des technologies de l'information et des communications (TIC) à Montréal. Les participants de l'étude sont les travailleurs nouvellement embauchés durant la période du 1er avril 2009 au 30 septembre 2010. À la suite de l'analyse des données...

A influência dos sistemas de recompensas sobre a satisfação no trabalho

Serras, Patrícia Martins
Fonte: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Politécnico de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /11/2014 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.69%
Mestrado em Contabilidade e Gestão das Instituições Financeiras; Devido à globalização da economia as empresas encontram-se obrigadas a estar em constante mutação, ocorrendo a necessidade de adaptarem os seus planos e as formas de gerir, de forma a tornarem-se mais competitivas no mercado e mais aliciantes para os atuais e potenciais futuros colaboradores. Assim, devido às circunstâncias as temáticas abordadas nesta dissertação consideram-se bastante pertinente, sendo que deve estar presente e bem definido em qualquer organização: as perceções de justiça relativas ao sistema de recompensas e a satisfação no trabalho. Neste sentido, o objetivo da presente investigação consiste em determinar a forma como as diferentes dimensões de justiça organizacional, no âmbito dos sistemas de recompensas, influenciam a satisfação no trabalho. Foi feita a revisão da literatura sobre as três temáticas principais (sistema de recompensas, justiça organizacional e satisfação no trabalho), tendo-se depois feito a aplicação de um questionário a uma empresa, a fim de obter informações que permitam aferir a relação entre a satisfação no trabalho e a justiça organizacional. O questionário foi elaborado tendo por base o instrumento de mensuração da satisfação no trabalho desenvolvido por Spector (1985)...

Procedural justice in mental health courts: Judicial practices, participant perceptions, and outcomes related to mental health recovery

Kopelovich, Sarah; Yanos, Philip; Pratt, Christina; Koerner, Joshua
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.95%
Research on mental health courts (MHCs) to date has been disproportionately focused on the study of recidivism and reincarceration over the potential of these problem solving courts to facilitate the recovery process and affect the slope of recovery. This study attempts to shift the focal point of interest from well-established criminal justice outcomes to the experiences and perceptions of MHC participants. The authors hypothesize that the actions of MHC judges that are consistent with procedural justice theory will engender high perceptions of procedural justice among this sample of divertees with SMI. Defendant perceptions of procedural justice in 4 NYC-area MHCs were also compared to those of uninvolved observers. Results suggest that defendant perceptions are distinct from observer perceptions, which tended to be more sensitive to the differences in judges between the four courts. Overall, participants' perceptions of procedural justice were moderate and increased between baseline and 4-month follow-up. Procedural justice was negatively correlated with symptoms at baseline and was positively correlated with participant's attitudes toward their own recovery. Between baseline and 4-month follow-up, participants in our sample tended to increase in perceptions of procedural justice; interestingly...

Justice, communicative reason and social emancipation: philosophy of law and theory of justice in the thought of Jürgen Habermas; Justiça, razão comunicativa e emancipação social: filosofia do direito e teoria da justiça a partir do pensamento de Jurgen Habermas

Bittar, Eduardo Carlos Bianca
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.65%
This paper deals with the interrelation between justice, communicative reason and social emancipation. When referring to justice and injustice, returns to a theme of fundamental importance for the history of the philosophy of law, without taking with it the risks of metaphysical theories of justice. It is from the discourse theory of Jürgen Habermas, the conditions and assumptions for the development of a sense of justice postmetaphysical becomes possible. Investigate the task of the philosophy of law, and challenge the concept of justice, tasks are deployed in studies and debates involved in this text.; Este artigo trata da interelação entre justiça, razão comunicativa e emancipação social. Ao referir-se à justiça e à injustiça, retorna a um tema de fundamental importância para a história da Filosofia do Direito, sem com isto assumir os riscos das teorias metafísicas da justiça. É a partir da teoria do discurso, de Jürgen Habermas, que as condições e os pressupostos para o desenvolvimento de uma noção de justiça pós-metafísica se torna possível. Investigar a tarefa da Filosofia do Direito, e o desafio do conceito de justiça, são tarefas desdobradas nos estudos e debates envolvidos neste texto.

Justice climates and affective commitment; Climas de justiça e comprometimento organizacional

Rego, Arménio; Universidade de Aveiro
Fonte: Revista Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho Publicador: Revista Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2003 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.68%
The study aims at showing how five justice dimensions (interpersonal, informational, procedural, task distribution, rewards distribution) explain affective commitment of teachers. Data from a sample comprising 309 teachers from 12 departments/schools of four universities and four polytechnics was collected. The main findings are the following: a) at individual level, only interpersonal and procedural justice explain affective commitment; b) the relationships between justice perceptions and commitment are moderated by aggregated justice, in such way that positive justice climates reinforce the reactions to individual perceptions; c) when people work in heterogeneous contexts, their reactions to individual perceptions are also reinforced. The study focuses the attention on the importance of contextual justice, and suggests that the reactions to aggregated justice can be contingent on the kind of organization and/or organizational activity of their members.; A pesquisa testa o poder explicativo de cinco dimensões de justiça (interpessoal, informacional, procedimental, distributiva das tarefas, distributiva das recompensas) para o comprometimento afectivo dos professores do ensino superior. A amostra é constituída por 309 professores de 12 escolas/departamentos de oito instituições (quatro universidades e quatro instituições politécnicas). Eis os principais resultados: a) ao nível de análise individual...

Organizational justice: A four-dimensional model; Justiça nas organizações: um modelo tetra-dimensional

Rego, Arménio; Universidade de Aveiro; Carvalho, Maria Tereza; Universidade de Aveiro; Leite, Regina; Universidade do minho; Freire, Carla; Universidade de Minho; Vieira, Armando; Universidade de Aveiro
Fonte: Revista Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho Publicador: Revista Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2002 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.77%
This study aims at showing some empirical evidence concerning the dimensions of the organizational justice construct. A sample comprising 366 individuals was collected. They were invited to report their justice perceptions and their affective organizational commitment. The confirmatory factor analyses suggest that the four-factor model of justice (distributive, procedural, interpersonal, informational) fits the data better than the three-factor model (in which interpersonal and informational factors were aggregated in an interactional factor), and than the two-factor model (procedural and both interactional factors were aggregated in the same factor). This model also allows better predictive value for affective commitment. The findings suggest that the instrument for measuring organizational justice perceptions has good psychometric properties, and that the four-factor model needs more careful attention in future researches.; O estudo expõe evidência empírica atinente à dimensionalização do construto das percepções de justiça organizacional. A amostra é composta por 366 indivíduos, que foram convidados a reportar as suas percepções de justiça e os seus níveis de comprometimento afectivo. As análises factoriais confirmatórias sugerem que o modelo de quatro dimensões de justiça (distributiva...

Unions and procedural justice: an alternative to the 'common rule'

Marsden, David
Fonte: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science Publicador: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics and Political Science
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /02/2004 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.71%
Can unions substitute a procedural justice role for their traditional reliance on establishing a ‘common rule’? The decline of ‘bureaucratic’ models of employee management and the rise of performance pay and performance management conflicts with the common rule as management seek to tie rewards more closely to individual and organisational performance. CEP studies of performance pay in the British public services illustrate the potential for a procedural justice role to ensure that such pay systems are operated fairly, otherwise they risk demotivating staff. Evidence is presented to show that employees regard unions as effective vehicles for procedural justice. In this way, management can achieve better operation of their incentive schemes, and employees may experience less unfairness and poisoned work relations.

Motivating compliance behavior among tax offenders: procedural justice or deterrence?

Murphy, T.; Bradford, B.; Jackson, J.
Fonte: Sage Publications Publicador: Sage Publications
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2016 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.9%
Research shows that procedural justice can motivate compliance behavior through the mediating influence of either legitimacy or social identity. Yet few studies examine the relative importance of these two mediators in the same analysis. Using three waves of longitudinal survey data collected from 359 tax offenders we examine: (a) whether procedural justice is important to offenders’ decisions to comply with their future tax obligations over and above fear of sanctions; and (b) whether legitimacy and social identity processes mediate the relationship between procedural justice and compliance. Our results reveal that: (1) legitimacy mediates the effect of procedural justice on compliance; (2) social identity mediates the procedural justice/compliance relationship; (3) identity seems to matter slightly more than perceptions of legitimacy when predicting tax compliance; (4) perceived risk of sanction plays a small but counterproductive role in predicting tax compliance. We conclude that normative concerns dominate taxpayers’ compliance decisions. Our findings have implications for understanding compliance behavior, but also for conceptualizing why and how procedural justice can motivate such behavior.

Is perception of the mainstream legal system homogeneous across ethnic groups?

Estévez,Estefanía; Rachitskiy,Marina; Rodríguez,Carla
Fonte: The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context Publicador: The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/07/2013 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.9%
There is a great social debate regarding possible legal privileges favouring some ethnic groups over others in a particular society. This fact may negatively influence citizens' perceptions about fairness and legitimacy of the mainstream legal system and, thus, compliance with established social norms. The main purpose of the present study was to analyse the perception of the mainstream legal system in citizens belonging to different ethnic groups. In particular, this work had two objectives. First, the purpose was to explore inter-ethnic perceptions of legal authorities and the justice system by examining the following variables: procedural justice, distributive justice, legitimacy of the legal system, contact with police, and reasons for obeying the law. A second objective was to test the predictive power of perceived procedural justice, distributive justice, and contact with police in the subsequent perception of legitimacy across the different ethnic groups. The sample was composed of 351 participants, who were split into two groups: White-Europeans (76.4%) and ethnic minorities (23.6%). Results revealed ethnic group differences in all study variables, showing ethnic minorities a more general negative attitude towards the legal system in terms of procedural justice...