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Peso insuficiente ao nascer e crescimento alcançado na idade pré-escolar, por crianças atendidas em creches filantrópicas do município de Santo André, São Paulo, Brasil; Insufficient weight at birth and preschool-age growth in children attending charitably funded crèches in the municipality of Santo André , in the State of São Paulo , Brazil

YAMAMOTO, Renato Minoru; SCHOEPS, Denise de Oliveira; ABREU, Luiz Carlos de; LEONE, Claudio
Fonte: Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira Publicador: Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
OBJETIVOS: comparar o crescimento alcançado e a prevalência de baixa estatura na idade pré-escolar entre recém-nascidos de peso insuficiente (PNI) e de peso adequado (PNA). MÉTODOS: foram estudadas 323 crianças com PNI e 886 com PNA de famílias de baixa renda de quinze creches filantrópicas de Santo André, São Paulo, Brasil, em 2001 e 2002. As variáveis foram o escore Z de peso e de estatura para a idade, pelo referencial Center for Disease Control (CDC) and National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) 2000, comparando-se as médias dos dois grupos. Calculou-se a razão de prevalência (RP) de baixa estatura na idade pré-escolar em decorrência do peso insuficiente ao nascer. RESULTADOS: o escore z médio de peso foi -0,09 e 0,39 e o escore z médio de estatura foi de -0,06 e de 0,24 para as crianças de PNI e de PNA, respectivamente. A prevalência de baixa estatura foi de 2,78% para as crianças com PNI e de 0,79% para aquelas com PNA. A RP de baixa estatura na idade pré-escolar para as crianças de PNI foi de 3,5 (IC95% 1,3-9,4). CONCLUSÕES: as crianças com PNI apresentaram crescimento inferior e maior risco de falhas de crescimento até a idade pré-escolar, sugerindo um efeito negativo do peso insuficiente ao nascer sobre o crescimento infantil.; OBJECTIVES: to compare rate of growth and prevalence of low stature at preschool age in children who were underweight at birth and in children born with a normal weight. METHODS: the study covered 323 children born underweight and 886 born with a normal weight from low-income families in fifteen charitably funded crèches in the municipality of Santo André...

Ratio of weight to height gain: a useful tool for identifying children at risk of becoming overweight or obese at preschool age

NASCIMENTO, Viviane G.; BERTOLI, Ciro Joao; LEONE, Claudio
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
PURPOSE: To analyze the usefulness of the weight gain/height gain ratio from birth to two and three years of age as a predictive risk indicator of excess weight at preschool age. METHODS: The weight and height/length of 409 preschool children at daycare centers were measured according to internationally recommended rules. The weight values and body mass indices of the children were transformed into a z-score per the standard method described by the World Health Organization. The Pearson correlation coefficients (rP) and the linear regressions between the anthropometric parameters and the body mass index z-scores of preschool children were statistically analyzed (alpha = 0.05). RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 3.2 years (± 0.3 years). The prevalence of excess weight was 28.8%, and the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 8.8%. The correlation coefficients between the body mass index z-scores of the preschool children and the birth weights or body mass indices at birth were low (0.09 and 0.10, respectively). There was a high correlation coefficient (rP = 0.79) between the mean monthly gain of weight and the body mass index z-score of preschool children. A higher coefficient (rP = 0.93) was observed between the ratio of the mean weight gain per height gain (g/cm) and the preschool children body mass index z-score. The coefficients and their differences were statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Regardless of weight or length at birth...

Vitamin A deficiency in preschool children of Recife, Northeast of Brazil

AZEVEDO, Maria Magdala Sales de; CABRAL, Poliana Coelho; DINIZ, Alcides da Silva; FISBERG, Mauro; FISBERG, Regina Mara; ARRUDA, Ilma Kruze Grande de
Fonte: ARCHIVOS LATINOAMERICANOS NUTRICION Publicador: ARCHIVOS LATINOAMERICANOS NUTRICION
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Vitamin A deficiency in preschool children of Recife, Northeast of Brazil. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the extent of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) among preschool children in the city of Recife, Northeast Brazil. The sample comprised 344 children of both sexes, 24 to 60 months old, in 18 public day care centres in the city of Recife, in 2007. The nutritional status of vitamin A was assessed by biochemical (serum retinol) and dietetic (vitamin A rich-food consumption) indicators and the pondo-stature status through anthropometric indicators weight-for-age, height-for-age and weight-for-height. The prevalence of hyporetinolemia (<0.70 mu mol / L) was 7.7% (IC95% 4.88 - 11.81), which characterizes the VAD as a light-type public health problem, according to World Health Organization criteria. On the other hand, 29.6% (IC95% 24.22 - 35.63) of children had acceptable or marginal levels (0.70 to 1.04 mu mol/L) of retinol. Regarding the vitamin A rich-food intake, values below the EAR (Estimated Average Requirement) - 210 mu g/day for children of 1 to 3 years old and 275 mu g/day for children of 4 to 8 years old - were 8.1% and 21.3% respectively. The prevalence of anthropometrical deficits (<-2 scores -Z) in preschool children were 2.5% for the indicator weight-for-age...

Percepções, crenças e práticas de pais e educadores acerca de sobrepeso e obesidade em pré-escolares; Perceptions, beliefs and practices of parents and educators about overweight and obesity in preschool children

Marins, Silvia Sanches
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/03/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
A Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) classifica o excesso de peso (sobrepeso e obesidade) como epidemia, uma vez que é um dos dez principais problemas de saúde atuais. Sua etiologia é multifatorial: genética, endócrina, metabólica, comportamental e ambiental. Tendo em vista estes fatores e os primeiros cinco anos de vida, cruciais para o desenvolvimento de hábitos saudáveis, é necessário conhecer o ambiente, bem como as influências a que a criança está exposta. Assim, este estudo teve como objetivo identificar, conhecer e analisar percepções e crenças de pais e educadores de pré-escolares acerca de sobrepeso e obesidade infantil. Trata-se de estudo qualitativo exploratório, realizado por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas com quatro educadores, cinco mães e um pai de crianças de duas pré-escolas, uma pública e outra privada, localizadas em São Bernardo do Campo (SP). As entrevistas foram realizadas entre maio e dezembro de 2008. Para a análise dos dados foi utilizada a Análise Temática de Conteúdo de Bardin e o referencial da Bioecologia do Desenvolvimento Humano de Bronfenbrenner. Este propõe um sistema composto por vários níveis: micro, meso, exo e macro, além da própria criança, um sistema por si só...

Evolução do desenvolvimento motor e cognitivo de pré-escolares nascidos pré-termo de muito baixo peso egressos do método canguru; Very low weight preterm infants cognitive and motor development at preschool age that were former patients FROM THE KANGAROO METHOD

Gonçalves, Claudia Maria Ribeiro Martins
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/03/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
INTRODUÇÃO: O Método Canguru é um tipo de assistência neonatal que consiste no contato precoce pele a pele entre a mãe e o recém-nascido de baixo peso, de forma crescente e pelo tempo que ambos entenderem ser prazeroso e suficiente, permitindo dessa forma, uma maior participação dos pais no cuidado a seu recém-nascido, acompanhado de suporte assistencial, por uma equipe de saúde treinada adequadamente. Tem como premissa a interação dinâmica e continua entre fatores biomédicos e ambientais. OBJETIVO: Descrever a evolução do desenvolvimento motor e cognitivo de pré-escolares de muito baixo peso egressos do Método Canguru, que receberam leite humano durante o período de internação. MÉTODOS: Foram estudadas 54 crianças prematuras, no período de Janeiro de 2004 a Janeiro de 2011 que participaram do Método Canguru e acompanhadas no Ambulatório de Seguimento, até a idade pré-escolar. Essas crianças foram submetidas ao teste Denver II, com um ano e novamente na idade préescolar quando foi aplicada a Escala de Maturidade Mental Colúmbia. METODOLOGIA ESTATÍSTICA: As variáveis contínuas serão descritas através de suas médias e desvios-padrão. Aquelas com comportamento não paramétrico, serão descritas através da mediana e do intervalo inter-quartil. As variáveis categóricas serão descritas através de suas proporções e intervalos de confiança de 95%. Para descartar a hipótese de nulidade será utilizado o nível de corte de 5%. RESULTADOS: Na amostra houve predominância do sexo feminino de 65%...

Educação infantil do campo e gestores educacionais; Preschool Education in Rural Areas and Educational Managers

Araujo, Thaise Vieira de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/02/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.12%
O objetivo geral do estudo foi compreender as significações dos gestores educacionais sobre o atendimento às crianças do campo na educação infantil. Buscou-se ainda compreender: como municípios da mesorregião de Ribeirão Preto (SP) ofertam a educação infantil às crianças de 0 a 5 anos moradoras em área rural; como gestores educacionais organizam e significam o atendimento às crianças do campo na educação infantil. O estudo teve uma abordagem quantitativa e qualitativa. Os dados quantitativos foram levantados por meio de questionários respondidos por 18 secretarias de educação de municípios da mesorregião de Ribeirão Preto. As informações qualitativas foram levantadas por meio de observação em 4 pré-escolas localizadas no campo e de entrevistas com gestores de um município da mesorregião de Ribeirão Preto, escolhido como foco da pesquisa. Participaram 6 gestores: 1 secretária de educação, 1 coordenadora municipal de educação infantil, 2 diretoras escolares e 2 coordenadoras pedagógicas das pré-escolas no campo. O material empírico foi categorizado e analisado de acordo com a perspectiva teórico metodológica da Rede de Significações. Os resultados advindos dos questionários indicam que: a quase totalidade dos municípios oferta educação infantil para as crianças em área rural; a oferta é prioritária para crianças de 4 e 5 anos de idade...

Indicadores de risco de carie dentaria e de gengivite em crianças na faixa etaria de 5 anos; Risk indicators of dental caries and gingivitis in 5-year-old childre preschool

Karine Laura Cortellazzi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/02/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
O objetivo desse estudo foi relatar a prevalência de cárie dentária e de gengivite e identificar os indicadores de risco dessas doenças dentre variáveis socioeconômicas, clínicas e o gênero em pré-escolares na idade de 5 anos de Piracicaba, Brasil, em 2005. A amostra consistiu de 728 pré-escolares, de ambos os gêneros, matriculados em 22 pré-escolas públicas (n=428) e 18 pré-escolas privadas (n=300). Os exames foram realizados por um examinador previamente calibrado, no pátio das pré-escolas, sob luz natural, com auxílio de espelho bucal plano, sonda IPC, secagem e escovação prévia. A cárie dentária foi avaliada utilizando-se os índices ceod e ceos e a gengivite, pelo índice de alteração gengival. Também foi feita avaliação para lesão inicial de cárie (LI). As variáveis socioeconômicas (renda familiar mensal, número de residentes na mesma casa, escolaridade do pai e da mãe, habitação e profissão do chefe da família) foram obtidas por meio de um questionário semi estruturado enviado aos pais. Os indicadores de risco de cárie dentária e de gengivite foram determinados por meio da análise de regressão logística múltipla no nível de significância de 5%. As médias dos índices ceod e ceos foram 1...

Biosocial determinants of motor competence in preschool children

Saraiva, Linda Maria Balinha
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2014 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Doutoramento em Motricidade Humana na especialidade de Comportamento Motor; This thesis focuses on motor competence of preschool c hildren ( 3-5 y ears), a nd aimed to contribute to a better understanding of the causes for motor variability, based on an ecological framework. A set of empirical studies sought to explore the effects of the biosocial variables related to the child’s characteristics, the family and preschool environments. An initial sample of 540 children was used to validate the Portuguese version of the PDMS-2, to evaluate its cultural sensitivity, and to determine the motor profile of Portuguese preschool children. In the following studies, the influence of age, sex and somatic variables, and the biosocial determinants associated with low and high motor competence were evaluated. Multiple linear and logistic regression analysis were conducted in the different studies. The results showed a sexual differentiation in motor competence. The effect of age and sex on motor performance varied with age group and motor specificity. The motor variability of preschool children was mainly explained by social/environmental factors. The motor competence of boys and girls was explained by different biosocial factors that may suggest different practice opportunities. The existence of a non-linear effect of biosocial variables along the spectrum of motor competence is suggested.; RESUMO: A presente tese aborda a competência motora das crianças pré-escolares (3-5 anos)...

Ratio of weight to height gain: a useful tool for identifying children at risk of becoming overweight or obese at preschool age

Nascimento,Viviane G.; Bertoli,Ciro Joao; Leone,Claudio
Fonte: Faculdade de Medicina / USP Publicador: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
PURPOSE: To analyze the usefulness of the weight gain/height gain ratio from birth to two and three years of age as a predictive risk indicator of excess weight at preschool age. METHODS: The weight and height/length of 409 preschool children at daycare centers were measured according to internationally recommended rules. The weight values and body mass indices of the children were transformed into a z-score per the standard method described by the World Health Organization. The Pearson correlation coefficients (rP) and the linear regressions between the anthropometric parameters and the body mass index z-scores of preschool children were statistically analyzed (alpha = 0.05). RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 3.2 years (± 0.3 years). The prevalence of excess weight was 28.8%, and the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 8.8%. The correlation coefficients between the body mass index z-scores of the preschool children and the birth weights or body mass indices at birth were low (0.09 and 0.10, respectively). There was a high correlation coefficient (rP = 0.79) between the mean monthly gain of weight and the body mass index z-score of preschool children. A higher coefficient (rP = 0.93) was observed between the ratio of the mean weight gain per height gain (g/cm) and the preschool children body mass index z-score. The coefficients and their differences were statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Regardless of weight or length at birth...

Predictors of children’s classroom engagement and educational resilience across the preschool-school transition.

Searle, Amelia Kate
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2011
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
The aim of this thesis was to determine how three key preschool factors - children’s relationships with adults, self-concept and mental health problems - predicted their classroom engagement during their first year of school. The preschool-school transition represents a ‘window of opportunity’ where appropriate intervention efforts may help enhance children’s engagement, a critical aspect of adjusting to school. However, a major barrier in developing effective interventions is that little is known regarding the mechanisms by which key factors predict engagement in the early school years. To address this limitation, this thesis tested a social-motivational model which specifies that parentchild and teacher-child relationships indirectly promote children’s engagement, by first strengthening their self-concept and mental health. Engagement was also examined from a resilience perspective, conceptualised as ‘better than expected’ engagement given children’s experience of cumulative risk. Participants were 575 young children recruited from the 27 preschools within one South Australian school district. Data were collected from their parents and teachers across three waves at yearly intervals, using a longitudinal prospective design. In preschool...

Sozialisation, Selbstkonzept und Entwicklung der Geschlechtsidentität bei Jungen im Vorschulalter; The Socialization, Self-Image, and Development of Gender Identity among Boys in the Preschool Years

Blank-Mathieu, Margarete
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
DE_DE
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.93%
Was bedeutet Sozialisation im Hinblick auf die Geschlechtszugehörigkeit? Welche Rolle spielt dabei das Selbstkonzept und welche Bedeutung ergibt sich daraus für die Entwicklung der Geschlechtsidentität im Vorschulalter? Diese Fragen sind bislang nur in Ansätzen und mehr oder weniger fokussiert auf einen bestimmten Aspekt behandelt worden. Da vorwiegend Frauen in den ersten Lebensjahren als Bezugspersonen zur Verfügung stehen, wollte ich herausfinden, was dies für Jungen bedeutet. Bisher wurden die individuell geäußerten Bedürfnisse von Jungen im Vorschulalter selten in wissenschaftliche Forschungen einbezogen. Ich wollte Jungen selbst dazu hören, wie sie ihre Handlungen bewerten, welche Bedeutung sie den Spielsituationen im Kindergarten und den sozialen Bezügen beimessen. Die weitgehend fehlende Reflexionsfähigkeit dieser Altersgruppe macht solche Untersuchungen und deren wissenschaftliche Verwertbarkeit schwierig. Dazu kommt eine meist noch eingeschränkte Sprachfähigkeit. Diese entwicklungsbedingten Schwierigkeiten bei der Erforschung von Jungenbedürfnissen im Vorschulalter hatten zur Folge, dass ich ein eigenes Forschungsdesign entwickeln musste. Phänomenologische und lebensweltorientierte Sichtweisen gaben dafür Hilfestellung und bildeten letztendlich die Grundlagen meiner Arbeit. Es zeigte sich...

Mapping the risk of anaemia in preschool-age children: the contribution of malnutrition, malaria, and helminth infections in West Africa

Soares Magalhães, Ricardo J.; Clements, Archie C. A.
Fonte: Public Library of Science Publicador: Public Library of Science
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 16 pages
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
BACKGROUND Childhood anaemia is considered a severe public health problem in most countries of sub-Saharan Africa. We investigated the geographical distribution of prevalence of anaemia and mean haemoglobin concentration (Hb) in children aged 1-4 y (preschool children) in West Africa. The aim was to estimate the geographical risk profile of anaemia accounting for malnutrition, malaria, and helminth infections, the risk of anaemia attributable to these factors, and the number of anaemia cases in preschool children for 2011. METHODS AND FINDINGS National cross-sectional household-based demographic health surveys were conducted in 7,147 children aged 1-4 y in Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Mali in 2003-2006. Bayesian geostatistical models were developed to predict the geographical distribution of mean Hb and anaemia risk, adjusting for the nutritional status of preschool children, the location of their residence, predicted Plasmodium falciparum parasite rate in the 2- to 10-y age group (Pf PR(2-10)), and predicted prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium and hookworm infections. In the four countries, prevalence of mild, moderate, and severe anaemia was 21%, 66%, and 13% in Burkina Faso; 28%, 65%, and 7% in Ghana, and 26%, 62%, and 12% in Mali. The mean Hb was lowest in Burkina Faso (89 g/l)...

Does an early childhood intervention affect cardiometabolic risk in adulthood?: evidence from a longitudinal study of preschool attendance in South Australia

D'Onise, K.; Lynch, J.; McDermott, R.
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
OBJECTIVES: There is an expectation that a positive social, cognitive and behavioural trajectory from early childhood developmental interventions will lead to improved population health and reduced health inequalities. However, there is limited direct evidence for this. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of participation in the South Australian Kindergarten Union preschool programme on adult cardiovascular biomedical risk factors. Kindergarten Union preschools delivered high-quality, comprehensive services to children aged 2-4 years and their families, including education, parenting and health services. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective population-based cohort study. METHODS: The effect of attendance at a Kindergarten Union preschool on a range of cardiometabolic risk factors was assessed using data from the North West Adelaide Health Study 1999-2007. The study sample was taken from participants in the 2007 survey (n = 1064, 44.8% attended preschool) who lived in South Australia as children and were born during the years 1937-1969. RESULTS: Preschool attendance had a beneficial effect on hypertension in adulthood [prevalence ratio 0.82, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.69-0.97] and an indication of benefit on hypercholesterolaemia (prevalence ratio 0.86...

Can preschool improve child health outcomes? A systematic review

D'Onise, K.; Lynch, J.; Sawyer, M.; McDermott, R.
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Early childhood development interventions (ECDIs) have the potential to bring about wide ranging human capital benefits for children through to adulthood. Less is known, however, about the potential for such interventions to improve population health. The aim of this study was to examine the evidence for child health effects of centre-based preschool intervention programs for healthy 4 year olds, beyond the preschool years. Medline, Embase, ERIC, Psych Info, Sociological Abstracts, the Cochrane Library, C2-SPECTR and the Head Start database were searched using terms relating to preschool and health from 1980 to July 2008, limited to English language publications. Reference lists and the journal Child Development were hand searched for eligible articles missed by the electronic search. There were 37 eligible studies identified. The reviewed studies examined a range of interventions from centre-based preschool alone, to interventions also including parenting programs and/or health services. The study populations were mostly sampled from populations at risk of school failure (76%). Only eight of the 37 studies had a strong methodological rating, 15 were evaluated as at moderate potential risk of bias and 14 as at high potential risk of bias. The review found generally null effects of preschool interventions across a range of health outcomes...

Is Preschool Good for Kids?

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
How can we help kids reach their full potential? Experts know that the first years of life are crucial to healthy development. And that's just the start. Children need regular mental and physical stimulation along with healthcare and proper nutrition to keep their development on track. Preschool programs are a great way to give kids the educational building blocks to help them learn and prepare for primary school. But in low-income countries, parents don't always have the opportunity: governments haven't invested in preschools; private sector offerings may be too pricey or not close by; and parents may not understand the benefits. Children need regular mental and physical stimulation along with healthcare and proper nutrition to keep their development on track. Preschool programs are a great way to give kids the educational building blocks to help them learn and prepare for primary school. But in low-income countries, parents don't always have the opportunity: governments haven't invested in preschools; private sector offerings may be too pricey or not close by; and parents may not understand the benefits.

Giving Children a Better Start : Preschool Attendance and School-Age Profiles

Berlinski, Samuel; Galiani, Sebastian; Manacorda, Marco
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.05%
The authors study the effect of pre-primary education on children's subsequent school outcomes by exploiting a unique feature of the Uruguayan household survey (ECH) that collects retrospective information on preschool attendance in the context of a rapid expansion in the supply of pre-primary places. Using a within household estimator, they find small gains from preschool attendance at early ages that magnify as children grow up. By age 15, treated children have accumulated 0.8 extra years of education and are 27 percentage points more likely to be in school compared with their untreated siblings. Instrumental variables estimates that control for nonrandom selection of siblings into preschool lead to similar results. The authors speculate that early grade repetition harms subsequent school progression and that pre-primary education appears as a successful policy option to prevent early grade failure and its long lasting consequences.

Is Preschool Good for Kids?; Es bueno que los ninos asistan al centro preescolar?

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
How can we help kids reach their full potential? Experts know that the first years of life are crucial to healthy development. And that's just the start. Children need regular mental and physical stimulation along with healthcare and proper nutrition to keep their development on track. Preschool programs are a great way to give kids the educational building blocks to help them learn and prepare for primary school. But in low-income countries, parents don't always have the opportunity: governments haven't invested in preschools; private sector offerings may be too pricey or not close by; and parents may not understand the benefits. Children need regular mental and physical stimulation along with healthcare and proper nutrition to keep their development on track. Preschool programs are a great way to give kids the educational building blocks to help them learn and prepare for primary school. But in low-income countries, parents don't always have the opportunity: governments haven't invested in preschools; private sector offerings may be too pricey or not close by; and parents may not understand the benefits.

Effects of a preschool parent enrichment programme on children and their parents /

Battye, Rosamund C.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.02%
This study evaluated a preschool parent enrichment programme to assess if child and parent involvement in the programme facilitated the children's subsequent school adjustment. Also examined were the programme's effects on parent-child relationships. Participants were 56 Junior-Senior Kindergarten and Grade One students from one elementary school. Parent participants were 12 parents from the preschool parent enrichment programme, 6 parents whose children had attended other preschool programmes, and 6 parents whose children had remained at home prior to school. Five elementary teachers and both nursery school teachers from the parent enrichment programme also participated. Measures used included the Florida Key to assess children's inferred self-concept as learner and four subscales (relating, asserting, coping and investing), and interviews to assess parent and teacher perceptions. Findings indicated that there was little difference between parent and teacher perceptions about children who had attended a preschool programme. Both groups showed improved social, emotional, and behavioural skill development, together with increased self-esteem, and the ability to cope with separation from their parents. This enabled children to make the transition from preschool to primary school more successful. Children from the parent enrichment programme were not readily identifiable in terms of the profile promulgated for disadvantaged children. The Florida Key showed a main effect for the coping subscale...

A Home Literacy Handbook for Parents With Preschool Children

Robinson, Jessica
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
The purpose of this project was to provide parents with an awareness of the role that they play in their preschool children's literacy and reading development and to create a practical handbook that parents can use to teach early literacy and reading skills to their preschool children in their home environment. The handbook was created in response to the literature that confirmed that the children benefit from developing emergent literacy skills before they enter school in kindergarten or grade 1. In addition to the information gathered from the academic literature, needs assessments were conducted in order to hear perspectives from multiple stakeholders involved in the context of this project. The needs assessment questionnaires were conducted with 4 Ontario certified grade 1 and 2 teachers, and 4 parents with preschool children or children in kindergarten or grade 1. Data collected from these participants highlighted the needs of parents and were used to create a comprehensive handbook that will hopefully be accessible and useful to a wide parent audience. The results of the research project indicated that parents would, in fact, benefit from having access to a resource such as this handbook to assist in teaching the 4 components of emergent literacy to their preschool children––oral language...

Ratio of weight to height gain: a useful tool for identifying children at risk of becoming overweight or obese at preschool age

Nascimento, Viviane G.; Bertoli, Ciro Joao; Leone, Claudio
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2011 ENG
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PURPOSE: To analyze the usefulness of the weight gain/height gain ratio from birth to two and three years of age as a predictive risk indicator of excess weight at preschool age. METHODS: The weight and height/length of 409 preschool children at daycare centers were measured according to internationally recommended rules. The weight values and body mass indices of the children were transformed into a z-score per the standard method described by the World Health Organization. The Pearson correlation coefficients (rP) and the linear regressions between the anthropometric parameters and the body mass index z-scores of preschool children were statistically analyzed (alpha = 0.05). RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 3.2 years (± 0.3 years). The prevalence of excess weight was 28.8%, and the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 8.8%. The correlation coefficients between the body mass index z-scores of the preschool children and the birth weights or body mass indices at birth were low (0.09 and 0.10, respectively). There was a high correlation coefficient (rP = 0.79) between the mean monthly gain of weight and the body mass index z-score of preschool children. A higher coefficient (rP = 0.93) was observed between the ratio of the mean weight gain per height gain (g/cm) and the preschool children body mass index z-score. The coefficients and their differences were statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Regardless of weight or length at birth...