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Prerequisite Programs at Schools: Diagnosis and Economic Evaluation

LOCKIS, Victor R.; CRUZ, Adriano G.; WALTER, Eduardo H. M.; FARIA, Jose A. F.; GRANATO, Daniel; SANT`ANA, Anderson S.
Fonte: MARY ANN LIEBERT INC Publicador: MARY ANN LIEBERT INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
In this study, 20 Brazilian public schools have been assessed regarding good manufacturing practices and standard sanitation operating procedures implementation. We used a checklist comprised of 10 parts ( facilities and installations, water supply, equipments and tools, pest control, waste management, personal hygiene, sanitation, storage, documentation, and training), making a total of 69 questions. The implementing modification cost to the found nonconformities was also determined so that it could work with technical data as a based decision-making prioritization. The average nonconformity percentage at schools concerning to prerequisite program was 36%, from which 66% of them own inadequate installations, 65% waste management, 44% regarding documentation, and 35% water supply and sanitation. The initial estimated cost for changing has been U.S.$24,438 and monthly investments of 1.55% on the currently needed invested values. This would result in U.S.$0.015 increase on each served meal cost over the investment replacement within a year. Thus, we have concluded that such modifications are economically feasible and will be considered on technical requirements when prerequisite program implementation priorities are established.

Prerequisite Programs at Schools: Diagnosis and Economic Evaluation

LOCKIS, Victor R.; CRUZ, Adriano G.; WALTER, Eduardo H. M.; FARIA, Jose A. F.; GRANATO, Daniel; SANT`ANA, Anderson S.
Fonte: MARY ANN LIEBERT INC Publicador: MARY ANN LIEBERT INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.16%
In this study, 20 Brazilian public schools have been assessed regarding good manufacturing practices and standard sanitation operating procedures implementation. We used a checklist comprised of 10 parts ( facilities and installations, water supply, equipments and tools, pest control, waste management, personal hygiene, sanitation, storage, documentation, and training), making a total of 69 questions. The implementing modification cost to the found nonconformities was also determined so that it could work with technical data as a based decision-making prioritization. The average nonconformity percentage at schools concerning to prerequisite program was 36%, from which 66% of them own inadequate installations, 65% waste management, 44% regarding documentation, and 35% water supply and sanitation. The initial estimated cost for changing has been U.S.$24,438 and monthly investments of 1.55% on the currently needed invested values. This would result in U.S.$0.015 increase on each served meal cost over the investment replacement within a year. Thus, we have concluded that such modifications are economically feasible and will be considered on technical requirements when prerequisite program implementation priorities are established.

Implementação de um sistema de segurança alimentar num talho baseado na metodologia HACCP

Caranova, Ana Rita Pereira
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em 14/07/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária; O presente trabalho tem como objectivo a descrição das várias etapas inerentes à implementação de um sistema de segurança alimentar num Talho, com base em princípios e conceitos preventivos de modo a garantir a segurança dos seus produtos. A metodologia HACCP – Hazards Analysis and Critical Control Points (Análise de Perigos e Pontos Críticos de Controlo) constitui actualmente a referência internacionalmente aceite para implementação de sistemas de segurança alimentar identificando os perigos específicos e as medidas preventivas para o seu controlo em todas as etapas de produção. Baseia-se numa abordagem sistemática, documentada e verificável cuja aplicação é possível em todos os segmentos e sectores da cadeia alimentar. Antes da aplicação do HACCP devem estar em pleno funcionamento as Boas Práticas de Fabrico e de Higiene e os programas de pré-requisitos que controlem os perigos associados com a envolvente ao estabelecimento (localização e estruturas, serviços, pessoal, instalações e equipamentos). Após estas etapas preliminares segue-se o “Estudo HACCP” propriamente dito, entre o qual se destaca a análise de perigos e a identificação de pontos críticos de controlo (PCC). Neste estudo específico...

Sistema HACCP: implementação do sistema de autocontrolo num catering de aviação

Domingues, Joana Cardoso dos Reis
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em 21/07/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
36%
Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária; A transmissão de agentes patogénicos através do consumo de alimentos pode constituir um problema sério de Saúde Pública e, por isso, as questões relacionadas com a segurança alimentar têm suscitado uma crescente preocupação nas autoridades, indústrias, produtores, fornecedores e consumidores. Sinal desta preocupação é toda uma nova legislação alimentar que tem sido desenvolvida. A Análise de Risco é uma ferramenta fundamental para a implementação de sistemas de autocontrolo da cadeia alimentar, como o Sistema HACCP que, assente em sete princípios, de carácter pró-activo, sistemático e científico, valoriza a prevenção em detrimento dos testes ao produto final e tem por objectivo identificar os perigos e concentrar o controlo da produção de alimentos para consumo nos chamados pontos críticos de controlo (PCC). Igualmente indispensável, para a eficácia do Sistema HACCP, é a implementação de programas de pré-requisitos, como as boas práticas de higiene e de fabrico, assim como a formação e sensibilização de todos os operadores da cadeia alimentar para esta problemática. Tendo como exemplo um catering de aviação, viu-se realçada precisamente a importância da sólida implementação dos programas de pré-requisitos...

Avaliação e controlo de fornecedores no âmbito de um plano HACCP implementado num catering de aviação

Pinto, Pedro Marino Morais
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em 10/11/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária; A segurança alimentar está relacionada com a garantia da ausência de potenciais perigos causadores de doença no ser Humano, associados aos géneros alimentícios no momento do seu consumo, ou seja, a ingestão pelo consumidor. A introdução destes perigos pode ocorrer em qualquer ponto da cadeia alimentar e, por isso, torna-se fundamental um controlo adequado ao longo da mesma. Os hábitos de consumo alteraram-se muito nas últimas décadas e, como consequência, foram desenvolvidas novas técnicas de produção, preparação, distribuição e fornecimento de alimentos. Ao mesmo tempo assistiu-se quer ao ressurgimento de perigos, enquanto os já existentes se tornaram mais preocupantes, quer à crescente preocupação dos consumidores com a segurança dos alimentos, o que os torna cada vez mais exigentes com os produtos e serviços que lhes são fornecidos. Neste contexto, a Comunidade Europeia publicou um conjunto de legislação relativa à segurança alimentar, entre ela o chamado “pacote higiene”. Os operadores do sector alimentar passaram a pôr em prática, de forma sistemática, um plano de autocontrolo baseado no sistema HACCP, ferramenta essencial para avaliar perigos e estabelecer medidas para o seu controlo...

Os pré-requisitos para a implementação de um HACCP num matadouro de ungulados domésticos

Palma, Diogo António Nascimento da
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso
Publicado em 28/07/2010 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária; Para além da inquestionável importância ao nível da saúde e bem-estar dos indivíduos, os alimentos constituem também um potencial risco sanitário, podendo causar alterações na saúde dos consumidores, algumas das quais com possíveis consequências fatais. O grande aumento no comércio e consumo da carne e dos produtos cárneos, tanto a nível europeu como internacional, resulta também num aumento da atenção governamental para a potencial transmissão de doenças pela via alimentar. A metodologia HACCP (Análise de Perigos e Pontos Críticos de Controlo) constitui actualmente a referência internacionalmente aceite para implementação de sistemas de segurança alimentar identificando os perigos específicos e as medidas preventivas para o seu controlo em todas as etapas de produção. Baseia-se numa abordagem sistemática, documentada e verificável cuja aplicação é possível em todos os segmentos e sectores da cadeia alimentar. O principal objectivo da aplicação de um sistema HACCP num matadouro é o de garantir que os animais sejam abatidos e as suas carnes processadas em condições higiénicas adequadas, minimizando assim o risco de transmissão de alguma doença. Os principais problemas que se detectam nos sistemas HACCP têm a ver com problemas de natureza estrutural...

Revisão do sistema HACCP da plataforma de pescado fresco Auchan

Félix, Sónia Isabel André
Fonte: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária Publicador: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 06/12/2012 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.19%
Dissertação de Mestrado Integrado em Medicina Veterinária; Atualmente, o sistema HACCP é uma metodologia internacionalmente reconhecida e amplamente aceite que é aplicada para garantir a segurança dos alimentos desde a produção ao consumo. A avaliação e o seguimento deste sistema periodicamente é um dos maiores elementos-chave para o manter bem implementado, eficaz, adequado e capaz de controlar os perigos de origem alimentar por eliminação, prevenção ou redução para níveis aceitáveis. A Plataforma de Pescado Fresco, pertencente ao Grupo Auchan, foi pioneira na produção e venda de peixe fresco preparado e embalado numa atmosfera aeróbica, no setor de distribuição português. A relevância da submissão do sistema de gestão de segurança dos alimentos à revisão está relacionada com o seu compromisso, preocupação e responsabilidade em demonstrar as suas capacidades para minimizar todos os riscos durante as etapas do processo e fornecer padrões de excelência, conhecer as procuras e as expectativas da sociedade moderna, conquistar a confiança do consumidor e garantir a conformidade com os princípios regulamentares. Os principais objetivos deste estudo foram rever e avaliar a implementação e eficácia do sistema HACCP nesta unidade...

Energy metabolism plasticity enables stemness programs

Folmes, Clifford D. L.; Nelson, Timothy J.; Dzeja, Petras P.; Terzic, Andre
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
Resetting pluripotency through nuclear reprogramming and redirecting stem cells into defined lineages underscores remarkable cell fate plasticity. Acquisition of and departure from stemness are governed by genetic and epigenetic controllers. Modulation of energy metabolism and associated signaling is increasingly implicated in cell identity determination. Transition from oxidative metabolism, typical of somatic tissues, into glycolysis is a prerequisite to fuel proficient reprogramming directing a differentiated cytotype back to the pluripotent state. The glycolytic metabotype supports the anabolic and catabolic requirements of pluripotent cell homeostasis. Conversely, redirection of pluripotency into defined lineages requires mitochondrial biogenesis and maturation of efficient oxidative ATP generation and distribution networks to match the evolving bioenergetic demands. The vital function of bioenergetics in regulating stemness and lineage specification implicates a broader role for metabolic reprogramming in cell fate decision and determination of tissue regenerative potential.

Required Enhancer: Matrin-3 Network Interactions for Pit1 Homeodomain Transcription Programs

Skowronska-Krawczyk, Dorota; Ma, Qi; Schwartz, Michal; Scully, Kathleen; Li, Wenbo; Liu, Zhijie; Taylor, Havilah; Tollkuhn, Jessica; Ohgi, Kenneth A.; Notani, Dimple; Kohwi, Yoshinori; Kohwi-Shigematsu, Terumi; Rosenfeld, Michael G.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
26%
Homeodomain proteins, described 30 years ago1,2, exert essential roles in development as regulators of target gene expression3,4, however the molecular mechanism underlying transcriptional activity of homeodomain factors remains poorly understood. Here, investigation of a developmentally-required POU-homeodomain transcription factor, Pit1/Pou1f1, has revealed that, unexpectedly, binding of Pit1-occupied enhancers5 to a nuclear matrin-3-rich network/architecture6,7 is a key event in effective activation of the Pit1-regulated enhancer/coding gene transcriptional program. Pit1 association with Satb18 and β-catenin is required for this tethering event. A naturally-occurring, dominant negative, point mutation in human Pit1 (R271W), causing combined pituitary hormone deficiency (CPDH)9, results in loss of Pit1 association with β-catenin and Satb1 and therefore the matrin-3-rich network, blocking Pit1-dependent enhancer/coding target gene activation. This defective activation can be rescued by artificial tethering of the mutant R271W Pit1 protein to the matrin-3 network, bypassing the prerequisite association with β-catenin and Satb1 otherwise required. The matrin-3 network-tethered R271W Pit1 mutant, but not the untethered protein, restores Pit1-dependent activation of the enhancers and recruitment of co-activators...

Crime and Violence in Central America : A Development Challenge - Executive Summary

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Relevância na Pesquisa
26%
Crime and violence are now a key development issue for Central American countries. In three nations El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras crime rates are among the top five in Latin America. This report argues that successful strategies require actions along multiple fronts, combining prevention and criminal justice reform, together with regional approaches in the areas of drug trafficking and firearms. It also argues that interventions should be evidence based, starting with a clear understanding of the risk factors involved and ending with a careful evaluation of how any planned action might affect future options. In addition, the design of national crime reduction plans and the establishment of national cross-sectoral crime commissions are important steps to coordinate the actions of different government branches, ease cross-sectoral collaboration and prioritize resource allocation. Of equal importance is the fact that national plans offer a vehicle for the involvement of civil society organizations, in which much of the expertise in violence prevention and rehabilitation resides. Prevention efforts need to be complemented by effective law enforcement. The required reforms are no longer primarily legislative in nature because all six countries have advanced toward more transparent adversarial criminal procedures. The second-generation reforms should instead help deliver on the promises of previous reforms by: (i) strengthening key institutions and improving the quality and timeliness of the services they provide to citizens; (ii) improving efficiency and effectiveness while respecting due process and human rights; (iii) ensuring accountability and addressing corruption; (iv) increasing inter-agency collaboration; and (v) improving access to justice...

Mental Health in Afghanistan : Burden, Challenges and the Way Forward

Sayed, Ghulam Dastagir
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
Afghanistan has been in internal and external strife for more than thirty years. Prolonged conflict and civil war have left millions dead, thousands with disabilities and massive internal and external population displacement. The situation has contributed negatively to every aspect of the country and society as the majority of the population has been traumatized by constant conflict, natural disasters, and the difficult Taliban years. There is ample evidence that these calamities have contributed to an increase in mental health problems and has been further complicated by growing level of drug abuse. As Afghanistan rebuilds itself, it is critical to understand the challenges and develop workable solutions. The paucity of high quality data on mental health problems and the lack of qualified human resources have hampered the development of cost-effective strategies and interventions to address the growing challenge of mental health in the country. There are few mental health facilities, and these facilities are scattered across the country with limited capacity and low levels of coverage. In addition, the population continues to face the main stressors with ongoing conflict in various parts of the country. To address mental health issues on a larger scale...

Involuntary Resettlement Sourcebook : Planning and Implementation in Development Projects

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
The book clarifies many policy, and technical issues that confront resettlement policymakers, and practitioners. It provides guidance on resettlement design, implementation, and monitoring, and, it discusses resettlement issues particular to development projects in different sectors, such as urban development, natural resource management, and the building of dams. Construction of infrastructure, a prerequisite for sustained socioeconomic growth, often requires the acquisition of land, and therefore, the physical relocation, and economic displacement of people. If such impacts, collectively characterized as involuntary resettlement, are not identified, and adequately mitigated, some already vulnerable populations are likely to be further impoverished, thereby undermining the objectives of the development process. Integration of involuntary resettlement issues into development projects facilitates expeditious project implementation, and improves incomes and living standards of affected populations.

Involuntary Resettlement Sourcebook : Planning and Implementation in Development Projects, Additional Appendices (from CD-ROM)

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
The book clarifies many policy, and technical issues that confront resettlement policymakers, and practitioners. It provides guidance on resettlement design, implementation, and monitoring, and, it discusses resettlement issues particular to development projects in different sectors, such as urban development, natural resource management, and the building of dams. Construction of infrastructure, a prerequisite for sustained socioeconomic growth, often requires the acquisition of land, and therefore, the physical relocation, and economic displacement of people. If such impacts, collectively characterized as involuntary resettlement, are not identified, and adequately mitigated, some already vulnerable populations are likely to be further impoverished, thereby undermining the objectives of the development process. Integration of involuntary resettlement issues into development projects facilitates expeditious project implementation, and improves incomes and living standards of affected populations.

Proficiency testing programs for Alzheimer's disease cerebrospinal fluid biomakers

MATTSSON Niklas; ANDREASSON Ulf; CARRILLO Maria; PERSSON Staffan; SHAW Leslie; ZEGERS Ingrid; ZETTERBERG Henrik; BLENNOW Kaj
Fonte: FUTURE MEDICINE LTD Publicador: FUTURE MEDICINE LTD
Tipo: Articles in Journals Formato: Printed
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.07%
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are increasingly used for diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease in research, clinical trials and in clinical settings. As for other biochemical measurements, variability between laboratories for these biomarkers may be monitored by proficiency testing programs, where participating laboratories use their local routine methods to analyze test samples shipped from a central laboratory. In this review we summarize the results from the last years’ pilot proficiency programs and describe the ongoing standardization efforts in this area. Global proficiency testing for CSF biomarkers is now fully established. It will continue to play an important part in the standardization of measurements that is a prerequisite for the broad-scale implementation of CSF biomarkers.; JRC.D.2-Standards for Innovation and sustainable Development

Assessing Borrower Ownership Using Reform Readiness Analysis; Evaluar la identificacion de los prestatarios mediante el analisis de preparacion para la reforma

Morrow, Daniel
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
The succesful selection and design of Bank lending operations involving policy reforms depends on the World Bank's capacity to assess borrower ownership. The Bank must know whether there is sufficient ownership to justify lending and, if not, how to work with the government to build broader ownership as a prerequisite for lending. This Note surveys the tools that the Bank has typically used to assess borrower ownership, recommends a promising new assessment instrument called reform readiness analysis, and describes how to use this new instrument. The Note also discusses how the Bank might contribute to building ownership.

Singapore as an Innovative City in East Asia : An Explorative Study of the Perspectives of Innovative Industries

Wong, Poh Kam; Ho, Yuen Ping; Singh, Annette
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
The city-state of Singapore has achieved rapid economic development in the past by its positioning as an efficient business hub in Asia. To remain competitive in the global knowledge economy, however, Singapore needs to move beyond efficiency by developing a strong "innovative" edge as well. This paper examines the challenges that Singapore faces in seeking to do so through an explorative survey of 40 firms from three innovative sectors: high-tech manufacturing industries, knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS), and creative content industries. Overall, while the survey confirms Singapore's continuing competitive strength in efficiency infrastructure, it also finds a favorable perception of Singapore as an innovative city. Indeed, many of the industry actors indicated that an efficient business infrastructure is a prerequisite for locating their innovative activities in Singapore, suggesting that the relationship between innovation and efficiency is complementary, rather than substitutional. While the study found that intellectual property and its protection are widely recognized by actors in all three sectors, interesting differences exist. In particular, intellectual property protection appears to be of greater concern to the high-tech research and development-intensive manufacturing sector and the creative contents sector than to the KIBS sector. Another interesting difference is that while competition in high-tech innovation tends to be global...

Ethiopia Public Sector Reform Approach : Building the Developmental State - A Review and Assessment of the Ethiopian Approach to Public Sector Reform

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Public Sector Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
25.86%
The objective of this report is to review and recommend improvements to Ethiopia's approach to public sector reform in order to advise the Government and executive institutions on the future of its public sector reform. The report also serves as a think piece for the World Bank, other partners, and policy makers. The report provides important basic information about the features of Ethiopia's public sector reform approach and reviews what worked well and what did not. It draws lessons from other countries' experience to help develop ideas and instruments of future public sector reforms in Ethiopia. Ethiopia's system of decentralization process has been credible in devolving power, improving governance and service delivery well as narrowing the per capital differences among Regional Governments and districts. The second phase of decentralization was 'big bang' and brought some gaps on addressing administrative and fiscal decentralization issues associated with: a) detailed clarity of expenditure and revenue assignments...

Is Functional Literacy a Prerequisite for Entering the Labor Market? An Analysis of Determinants of Adults Literacy and Earnings in Ghana

Blunch, Niels-Hugo; Verner, Dorte
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
The authors analyze the determinants of literacy and earnings in Ghana. They link literacy and earnings with various other factors, including age, gender, family educational background, distance to school, and income. Literacy and age are negatively correlated, suggesting that efforts to strengthen the supply and quality of basic education programs in recent years have succeeded in raising literacy rates. Parents' education is positively associated with literacy. Distance to the nearest primary school, residence in a rural area, and poverty are negatively associated with literacy. Functional literacy appears to be a prerequisite for entering the labor market, which may partly explain the lack of returns to education other than middle school and technical and professional training. The policy implications of this study: Basic education and literacy programs should target girls and poorer households, especially in rural areas.

Global Stock-Take of Social Accountability Initiatives for Budget Transparency and Monitoring : Key Challenges and Lessons Learned

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Knowledge Economy Study; Economic & Sector Work
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
26%
Budgets are key documents that lay out a government's economic priorities in terms of policies and programs. Budget transparency refers to the extent and ease with which citizens can access information about and provide feedback on government revenues, allocations, and expenditures. Budget monitoring entails using such information to analyze, critique, and track government finances in order to provide this feedback. Budget transparency is a prerequisite for public participation and accountability, which are instrumental for a democratic and legitimate budget process. Both budget transparency and monitoring efforts also help remove institutional bottlenecks that result in delayed budget allocations, thereby jeopardizing the delivery of vital services to people. Even though they have a far-reaching impact on the lives of people, opening up budgets beyond the exclusive domain of policy makers and administrators is a relatively recent phenomenon that has gained momentum in the last two decades. The stock taking exercise illustrates the range of mechanisms involved in Budget Transparency and Monitoring (BT&M) in different contexts and demonstrates significant promise of influencing governance processes and outcomes. Finally...

Historia de uma antropologia da "boa vizinhança" : um estudo sobre o papel dos antropologos nos programas interamericanos de assistencia tecnica e saude no Brasil e no Mexico (1942-1960); Histories of a good neighbor's anthropology : a study on the hole of anthropologists in the inter-America programs of technical assistance and health in Brazil and Mexico (1942-1960)

Regina Erika Domingos de Figueiredo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/10/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
26.11%
Neste estudo, procuro esclarecer o capítulo da história da antropologia no pós-guerra que remete ao engajamento dos antropólogos em programas de assistência técnica na América Latina e envolve a aplicação do conhecimento antropológico ao campo da saúde pública. A investigação revela como cientistas sociais norte-americanos da Smithsonian Institution e antropólogos brasileiros e mexicanos, arregimentados por agências governamentais ou de caráter cooperativo, acabaram se associando a sanitaristas, administradores e educadores em torno de uma agenda comum de ações médico-sanitárias e projetos de desenvolvimento dirigidos às comunidades mais remotas e atrasadas de países como Brasil e México. A rede de especialistas apostou na contribuição que o relativismo cultural podia oferecer considerando a necessidade de tornar inteligível a realidade sócio-cultural das populações alvo das intervenções modernizadoras. Eles também assumiram que vencer as resistências locais à mudança representava um pré-requisito para a eficácia das políticas de saúde e educação sanitária a serem implementadas. No caso do Brasil, o Serviço Nacional de Proteção ao Índio, o Serviço Especial de Saúde Pública e o Instituto Nacional de Estudos Pedagógicos foram órgãos pioneiros na incorporação das ciências sociais...