Página 1 dos resultados de 1475 itens digitais encontrados em 0.012 segundos

Probabilistic analysis of the distributed power generation in weakly meshed distribution systems

Peñuela, César A.; Mauricio, Granada E.; Mantovani, J. R S
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 171-177
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.07%
This paper presents an approach for probabilistic analysis of unbalanced three-phase weakly meshed distribution systems considering uncertainty in load demand. In order to achieve high computational efficiency this approach uses both an efficient method for probabilistic analysis and a radial power flow. The probabilistic approach used is the well-known Two-Point Estimate Method. Meanwhile, the compensation-based radial power flow is used in order to extract benefits from the topological characteristics of the distribution systems. The generation model proposed allows modeling either PQ or PV bus on the connection point between the network and the distributed generator. In addition allows control of the generator operating conditions, such as the field current and the power delivery at terminals. Results on test with IEEE 37 bus system is given to illustrate the operation and effectiveness of the proposed approach. A Monte Carlo Simulations method is used to validate the results. © 2011 IEEE.

Reducing Power Loss, Cost and Complexity of SoC Power Delivery Using Integrated 3-Level Voltage Regulators

Kim, Wonyoung
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
Traditional methods of system-on-chip (SoC) power management based on dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS) is limited by 1) cores/IP blocks sharing a voltage domain provided by off-chip voltage regulators (VR) and 2) slow voltage scaling time ((<0.1V/mu s)). This global, slow DVFS cannot track the increasingly heterogeneous, fluctuating performance requirements of individual microprocessor cores and SoC components. Furthermore, traditional off-chip VRs add significant area overhead and component cost on the board. This thesis explores replacing a large portion of existing off-chip VRs with integrated voltage regulators (IVR) that can scale the voltage at a 50 mV/ns rate, which is 500 times faster than microsecond-scale voltage scaling with existing off-chip VRs. IVRs occupy 10 times smaller footprint than off-chip VRs, making it easy to duplicate them to provide per-core or per-IP-block voltage control. This thesis starts by summarizing the benefits of using IVRs to deliver power to SoCs. Based on a simulation study targeting a 1.6W, 4-core SoC, I show that greater than 20% energy savings is possible with fast, per-core DVFS enabled by IVRs. Next, I present two stand-alone IVR test-chips converting 1.8V and 2.4V to 0.4-1.4V while delivering maximum 1W to the output. Both test-chips incorporate a 3-level VR topology...

Physical resource allocation for on-chip power delivery systems

Jakushokas, Renatas ; Friedman, Eby G.
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:xxii, 243 leaves; Illustrations:ill. (some col.)
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.23%
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester. Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2011; The technology behind integrated circuits is growing rapidly with billions of devices integrated on the same die. These devices operate at several gigahertz and require tens of watts, with voltage levels below a volt. Highly complicated on-chip networks manage and support the operation of these billions of devices. Resources, such as metal, power, and area, are however limited; these resources must be efficiently utilized. The increase in the number of metal layers within an integrated circuit does not keep up with device scaling, creating challenges in global signaling, synchronization, and power delivery. The objective is to address design, analysis, and optimization challenges for highly complicated structures. Power distribution networks, global signal networks, and monolithic substrate are considered in this dissertation. An effective impedance model of a monolithic substrate is developed within this dissertation, achieving high accuracy in estimating power/ground noise characteristics. A methodology for simultaneously inserting shields and repeaters is described, optimizing multiple resources for global signal interconnects. A closed-form model of the self- and mutual inductance of an interdigitated power and ground distribution network is described...

High performance power delivery for nanoscale integrated circuits

Köse, Selçuk ; Friedman, Eby G.
Fonte: University of Rochester Publicador: University of Rochester
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: Number of Pages:xxiii, 240 leaves; Illustrations:ill. (some col.)
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.28%
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Rochester. Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2012.; A critical challenge in high performance nanoscale integrated circuits is high quality power delivery. The efficient generation and distribution of multiple on-chip power supply voltages require fundamental changes to the power delivery process to provide increased current in next generation nanoscale integrated circuits. Four primary components are required to realize an efficient power delivery system: (a) ultra-small voltage converters to generate power close to the load, (b) accurate models to characterize the individual power components, (c) efficient algorithms to analyze the quality of the power delivered to the load circuits, and (d) a co-design methodology to simultaneously determine the optimal location of the on-chip power supplies and decoupling capacitors. In this dissertation, a hybrid combination of a switching and low-dropout (LDO) regulator as a point-of-load power supply for next generation heterogeneous systems is proposed. The area of this circuit is significantly smaller than the area of conventional voltage regulators, while maintaining high current efficiency. The proposed circuit provides a means for distributing multiple local power supplies across an integrated circuit. Another important challenge in the realization of effective power delivery systems is the analysis of this highly complicated structure where individual voltage fluctuations at millions of nodes need to be efficiently determined. Closed-form expressions for the effective resistance between circuit components have been developed. This effective resistance model is utilized in the development of a power grid analysis algorithm to compute the node voltages without requiring any iterations. This algorithm drastically improves computational complexity since the iterative procedures to determine IR drop and L di/dt noise are no longer needed. With the introduction of ultra-small on-chip voltage regulators...

Dealing with Politics for Money and Power in Infrastructure

Benitez, Daniel; Estache, Antonio; Soreide, Tina
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.1%
Policy recommendations for infrastructure provision usually build on a well-established understanding of best practice for sector governance. Too rarely are they adapted to the country-specific political environment even if this is an area where policy choices are likely to be subject to private agendas in politics. The fact that such private agendas are often ignored goes a long way toward explaining why infrastructure policies fail and why best practice can be counterproductive. While non-benevolence and rent-seeking are well described in the literature and anecdotes abound, there is only limited consideration of how the different incentive problems in politics impede policy improvements in infrastructure. This paper addresses why politics in infrastructure cannot be ignored, drawing on theoretical results and a systematic review of experiences. It reviews how different private agendas in politics will have different impacts for sector-governance decisions -- and hence service delivery. The concept of best practice in policy recommendations should be reconsidered in a wide perspective and allow for tailored solutions based on an understanding of the given incentive problems. Policy recommendations should take into account how coordination trade-offs may complicate efforts to reduce the possible impact of private agendas on infrastructure policy decisions. Although more transparency linked to service delivery indicators is a "safe" recommendation...

Central-Local Government Relations in Thailand : Improving Service Delivery

World Bank
Fonte: Bangkok Publicador: Bangkok
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.03%
Addressing regional disparities in access to public services is an emerging development challenge for Thailand. A well-functioning system of Central-Local Government Relations and proactive expenditure policy can help achieve this goal. Providing responsive and accountable public services are necessary for maintaining trust of the citizens in government and fostering cohesion within a unitary state like Thailand. Without a reversal of current regional disparities in access to public services and addressing tensions that are present in the central-local architecture, Thailand runs the risk of eroding public trust in government and leading to further polarization. Thailand has a significant opportunity to improve delivery of public services by: (i) making access to public services more uniform across the country; (ii) transitioning fully to a unitary decentralized form of government with clearly demarcated roles and accountability structures between different levels of government (especially within health and education sectors) and to administratively consolidate Laos into larger more financially viable entities; and (iii) establishing national service delivery standards...

Power for All : Electricity Access Challenge in India

Banerjee, Sudeshna Ghosh; Barnes, Douglas; Singh, Bipul; Mayer, Kristy; Samad, Hussain
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%
India has led the developing world in addressing rural energy problems. By late 2012, the national electricity grid had reached 92 percent of India s rural villages, about 880 million people. In more remote areas and those with geographically difficult terrain, where grid extension is not economically viable, off-grid solutions using renewable-energy sources for electricity generation and distribution have been promoted. The positive results of the country s rural energy policies and institutions have contributed greatly to reducing the number of people globally who remain without electricity access. Yet, owing mainly to its large population, India has by far the world s largest number of households without electricity. More than one-quarter of its population or about 311 million people, the vast majority of whom live in poorer rural areas, still lack an electricity connection; less than half of all households in the poorest income group have electricity. Among households with electricity service, hundreds of millions lack reliable power supply.

Hybrid Power System Intelligent Operation and Protection Involving Distributed Architectures and Pulsed Loads

Mohamed, Ahmed A
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.94%
Efficient and reliable techniques for power delivery and utilization are needed to account for the increased penetration of renewable energy sources in electric power systems. Such methods are also required for current and future demands of plug-in electric vehicles and high-power electronic loads. Distributed control and optimal power network architectures will lead to viable solutions to the energy management issue with high level of reliability and security. This dissertation is aimed at developing and verifying new techniques for distributed control by deploying DC microgrids, involving distributed renewable generation and energy storage, through the operating AC power system. To achieve the findings of this dissertation, an energy system architecture was developed involving AC and DC networks, both with distributed generations and demands. The various components of the DC microgrid were designed and built including DC-DC converters, voltage source inverters (VSI) and AC-DC rectifiers featuring novel designs developed by the candidate. New control techniques were developed and implemented to maximize the operating range of the power conditioning units used for integrating renewable energy into the DC bus. The control and operation of the DC microgrids in the hybrid AC/DC system involve intelligent energy management. Real-time energy management algorithms were developed and experimentally verified. These algorithms are based on intelligent decision-making elements along with an optimization process. This was aimed at enhancing the overall performance of the power system and mitigating the effect of heavy non-linear loads with variable intensity and duration. The developed algorithms were also used for managing the charging/discharging process of plug-in electric vehicle emulators. The protection of the proposed hybrid AC/DC power system was studied. Fault analysis and protection scheme and coordination...

Market power and government capacity

Keating, Michael
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 161768 bytes; 359 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.02%
Current concern, especially from those on the ‘left’, is that governments have been ‘marketised’. · “marketisation of government represents a form of cultural imperialism by a group of economists pushing a particular and no economic dogma” · Globalisation is also often viewed as the culprit, with governments being dictated to by international financial markets · Hence the desire of the protestors to in some unspecified way limit the power of those markets By contrast those on the ‘right’ are often critical that governments have not deregulated further · For example, unemployment and the inequality associated with unemployment, are attributed to the lack of labour market flexibility, and especially to a failure of relative wages to adjust to shifts in supply and demand Although they draw very different conclusions about the desirability of marketising government, both the left and the right tend to view markets as limiting the power of governments. What I want to suggest today is that the shift to marketisation often represents an attempt by governments to enhance or restore their power. Why is this so? The starting point is that the power of governments is being limited by multiple causes, but particularly by the unwillingness of the electorate to allow governments to rule by fiat. Governments have lost respect...

Why do computer methods for grounding analysis produce anomalous results?

Navarrina, F.; Colominas Ezponda, Ignasi; Casteleiro, M.
Fonte: IEEE Power Engineering Society Publicador: IEEE Power Engineering Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
Aceptado en "IEEE transactions on power delivery"; Grounding systems are designed to guarantee personal security, protection of equipments and continuity of power supply. Hence, engineers must compute the equivalent resistance of the system and the potential distribution on the earth surface when a fault condition occurs [1], [2], [3]. While very crude approximations were available until the 70’s, several computer methods have been more recently proposed on the basis of practice, semi-empirical works and intuitive ideas such as superposition of punctual current sources and error averaging [1], [3], [4], [5], [6]. Although these techniques are widely used, several problems have been reported. Namely: large computational requirements, unrealistic results when segmentation of conductors is increased, and uncertainty in the margin of error [2], [5]. A Boundary Element formulation for grounding analysis is presented in this paper. Existing computer methods such as APM are identified as particular cases within this theoretical framework. While linear and quadratic leakage current elements allow to increase accuracy, computing time is reduced by means of new analytical integration techniques. Former intuitive ideas can now be explained as suitable assumptions introduced in the BEM formulation to reduce computational cost. Thus...

Linking Service Delivery Processes and Outcomes in Rural Sanitation : Findings from 56 Districts in India

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.03%
The year 2012 marked the close of the Government of India's (GoI's) Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC). The program was started in 1999 to achieve universal rural sanitation coverage. Although rural sanitation coverage has increased during TSC, progress still falls short of the program goal of universal coverage. The objectives of this assessment are to: provide GoI with an overview of the range of service delivery processes adopted by different districts across states and their relative performance in terms of outcomes; identify which service delivery processes are linked to better (or worse) performance; and identify where the key bottlenecks are to achieving or sustaining outcomes. In the first round of this assessment undertaken in 2010, six service delivery processes were identified as being critical for achieving sustainable rural sanitation outcomes at scale. In this second round, the number of processes assessed was increased to nine and grouped into three thematic components corresponding to the three stages in which the districts implement the program: catalyzing...

Ghana : Women's Energy Enterprise - Developing a Model for Mainstreaming Gender into Modern Energy Service Delivery

Kumasi Institute of Technology and Environment
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.17%
This paper looks at the feasibility of creating employment in the energy sector for women in rural communities in Ghana. The report is based on a stakeholders' analysis of the feasibility of embarking on a micro-enterprise on multiple energy services for women in rural fishing and farming communities. The objective of the study is to test a business model for empowering women through income generation in energy service delivery. It is based on the background experience of a successful pilot project, in Bangladesh. The model involves capacity-building among rural women and micro-enterprise development for modern energy service delivery to their communities and surrounding ones. The focus of this study is to see if transfer of skills for manufacturing and production of energy service appliances can be accomplished without a high level of education among rural women. Such skills are considered as opportunities for initiating social transformation. The stakeholders' analysis in five selected communities was carried out to assess the willingness and preparedness of women in these communities to engage in other similar projects in Ghana. The findings of the analysis have recommended that the Nyanyano region be selected as the pilot electrified community. The findings are presented in the report and are followed up with some recommendations on how to proceed and what the next steps should be.

Transparency and Social Accountability in the Egyptian Power Sector

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.08%
The World Bank's initiatives of social accountability and transparency over the past two decades are increasingly founded on the notion that transparency and social accountability of public institutions are essential for stimulating economic growth. Social accountability refers to the responsiveness of the state to the needs of its citizens, and encompasses a broad range of actions and mechanisms such as tracking of public expenditures, monitoring of public service delivery, and working with citizen advisory boards. Transparency entails access to and effective use of information by citizens, civil society organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), local communities, and the private sector. To achieve this objective, the World Bank and Egypt Egyptian Electric Utility and Consumer Protection Regulatory Agency (ERA) - in consultation with Kantor management consultant - finds it necessary to establish systems and procedures for: (a) proactively disclosing information about the power sector's quality of service...

Improving SoC Power Delivery With Fully Integrated Switched-Capacitor Voltage Regulators

Tong, Tao
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.28%
Traditional power delivery solutions f or system-on-chip (SoC) applications rely on off-chip voltage regulators. The off-chip power delivery solution is becoming a bottleneck for SoCs, due to 1) coarse voltage domain management, 2) increased cost as well as complexity of the power delivery network, and 3) high I2R loss as supply voltages scale down with the fabrication technology. One promising solution is to integrate the voltage regulators in the SoC. While fully integrated voltage regulators (FIVRs) could resolve these problems, their performance is limited by low efficiency and high chip area overhead, especially if the conversion ratio of the converter is high (≥ 4 to-1). This thesis presents the design and implementation of two fully integrated switched-capacitor (SC) DC-DC voltage regulators. Both regulators are implemented in the SoC along with the microprocessors they deliver power to. I first present a two-stage 4-to-1 SC regulator in a flapping wing micro-robotic bee application. The regulator converts a 3.7V battery voltage down to two lower voltages (~1.8V and ~0.9V) for the rest of the circuits in the SoC. The two-stage topology and the proposed charge recycling technique improve conversion efficiency and provide very fast load regulation to handle the dynamic current fluctuation of the load circuitry. Next...

Simulation Algorithms with Exponential Integration for Time-Domain Analysis of Large-Scale Power Delivery Networks

Zhuang, Hao; Yu, Wenjian; Weng, Shih-Hung; Kang, Ilgweon; Lin, Jeng-Hau; Zhang, Xiang; Coutts, Ryan; Lu, Jingwei; Cheng, Chung-Kuan
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.89%
In this work, we design an efficient and accurate algorithmic framework using matrix exponentials for time-domain simulation of power delivery network (PDN). Thanks to the explicit exponential time integration scheme with high order approximation of differential equation system, our framework can reuse factorized matrices for adaptive time stepping without loss of accuracy. The key operation of matrix exponential and vector product (MEVP) is computed by proposed efficient rational Krylov subspace method and helps achieve large stepping. With the enhancing capability of time marching and high-order approximation capability, we design R-MATEX, which outperforms the classical PDN simulation method using trapezoidal formulation with fixed step size (TR-FTS). We also propose a distributed computing framework, DR-MATEX, and highly accelerate the simulation speedup by reducing Krylov subspace generations caused by frequent breakpoints from the side of current sources. By virtue of the superposition property of linear system and scaling invariance property of Krylov subspace, DR-MATEX can divide the whole simulation task into subtasks based on the alignments of breakpoints among current sources. Then, the subtasks are processed in parallel at different computing nodes and summed up at the end of simulation to provide the accurate solutions. The experimental results show R-MATEX and DR-MATEX can achieve 11.4x and 68.0x runtime speedups on average over TR-FTS.; Comment: submitted to IEEE Trans CAD of Integrated Circuits and Systems

Power Delivery of the Future

Rabinowitz, Mario
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/04/2003
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.08%
This paper is written to provide an insight into the physics and engineering that go into power delivery of the future. Topics covered are Fault Current Limiters (FCL) including Superconducting FCL and Emission Limited FCL; Lightning and Restoration Preparedness; Compressed-Gas-Insulated Delivery; Evaporative Cooling Delivery; Advanced Delivery Technologies Requiring Big Breakthroughs such as Conducting Polymers, Electron-Beam Delivery, Microwave Delivery, and Laser-Beam Delivery.; Comment: 10 pages, 0 figures

Liposomal Drug Delivery Mediated by MR-guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound: Drug Dose Painting and Influence of Local Tissue Transport Parameters

Yarmolenko, Pavel Sergeyevich
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2014
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.09%

Use of chemotherapeutics in treatment of solid tumors suffers from insufficient and heterogeneous drug delivery, systemic toxicity and lack of knowledge of delivered drug concentration. The overall objectives of this work were: 1) to address these shortcomings through development and characterization of a treatment system capable of real-time spatiotemporal control of drug distribution and 2) to investigate the role of MR-image-able tissue transport parameters in predicting drug distribution following hyperthermia-triggered drug release from nanoparticles. Towards these objectives, a combination of potentially synergetic technologies was used: 1) image-able low temperature-sensitive liposomes (iLTSLs) for drug delivery, 2) quantitative drug delivery and transport parameter imaging with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and 3) control over drug release with magnetic resonance-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (MR-HIFU). The overall hypothesis of this work is that the drug distribution in the targeted zone spatially correlates with the image-able transport-related parameters as well as contrast enhancement due to release of contrast agent during treatment.

We began by developing and characterizing iLTSLs, which were designed using a lipid formulation similar to one that is in clinical trials in the US (ThermoDox®) and a gadolinium-based MR contrast agent that is in widespread clinical use (Prohance®) and least likelihood of toxicity due to nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF). The resulting liposome was found to stably encapsulate both an anthracycline chemotherapeutic...

Design and Evaluation of a Transcutaneous Energy Transfer System

Bossetti, Chad A
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: 2712049 bytes; application/pdf
Publicado em //2009 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.05%

A clinically viable brain-machine interface (BMI) requires a fully-implanted wireless neural acquisition system to limit the impediments of percutaneous connections. For an implanted system with an appreciable telemetry range, and where significant

neural signal processing is performed continuously, a major obstacle for clinical application is the need for a power source. Existing battery technology and wireless power delivery systems have not addressed the need for a mid-range power supply, capable

of 1-3 W delivery, that limits both induced noise and temperature rise. These factors are crucial for the succesful operation of a fully-implanted neural acquisition system. This work seeks to fill this void, and presents both a wireless power solution suitable for a neural recording device, and a system capable of real time monitoring of tissue temperature rise.

During this research, a 2 W transcutaneous energy transfer system (TETS) was designed, built and tested. The TETS was designed specifically for a 96-channel implanted neural data acquisition system, which requires continuous power. The major design constraints were tolerance to coil misalignment, low induced noise,

and reasonable efficiency. The design of the primary circuit consists of an H-bridge switching network driving a planar spiral Litz wire primary coil. The primary also incoporates a novel circuit for detecting the presence of the secondary. The implanted secondary components include a complimentary planar spiral coil connected to a voltage doubling rectifier. The key approach to mitigating axial coil misalignments was the use of step-down switching regulators in the secondary. With this approach...

Versatile power supply

Cunningham, Ian
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
45.85%
Tetherless is a concept for the elimination of constraints from electrical power delivery systems. Three separate solutions are presented in a progression of increasing technology. Each stage is able to address and refine more than the previous one through foreseeable technological advancements. The main objective of the concept is to provide the user with a more flexible, adaptable, and versatile interior environment. The solutions allow control by the individual, not the system, of how and where electricity is to be used. The problems and constraints of existing systems can be broken down into three categories. First is the limitation of logistics. We are bound by fixed outlets or receptacles which offer little or no adjustability to suit the needs of a variety of users and applications. Second is function. The interfaces with current equipment tend to be awkward, cumbersome and pose safety concessions. Today's products also neglect to address communication as an essential component of a globally oriented society. Thirdly is the sensitivity to aesthetic detail. Present systems have been carelessly expanded with little regard to visual consequence. This has desensitized the public which accepts this clutter as necessary. Tetherless poses questions to the established systems of products and interface hardware. Solutions are proposed based on current and foreseeable technology within the existing framework of power grid generation.

Policy Options to Support Distributed Resources: A Report to Conectiv Power Delivery

Takahashi, Kenji; Baker, Simon; Kurdgelashvili, Lado
Fonte: Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Publicador: Center for Energy and Environmental Policy
Tipo: Outros Formato: 1576796 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
This CEEP Report to Conectiv Power Delivery examines the role and effect of three prominent alternatives for setting rates and their implications for distributed resources. Although complicated, there is much to be learned from these different approaches to setting rates and this report provides a factual basis for considering some of the key issues.; Research for this report, as conducted by the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy of the University of Delaware and sponsored by Conectiv Power Delivery, aims to examine the effect of rate design in supporting both customer-side and utility-side DR.