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On the classification of mixed construction and demolition waste aggregate by porosity and its impact on the mechanical performance of concrete

Angulo, Sérgio Cirelli; Carrijo, Priscila Meireles; Figueiredo, Antonio Domingues de; Chaves, Arthur Pinto; John, Vanderley Moacyr
Fonte: SPRINGER Publicador: SPRINGER
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
The properties of recycled aggregate produced from mixed (masonry and concrete) construction and demolition (C&D) waste are highly variable, and this restricts the use of such aggregate in structural concrete production. The development of classification techniques capable of reducing this variability is instrumental for quality control purposes and the production of high quality C&D aggregate. This paper investigates how the classification of C&D mixed coarse aggregate according to porosity influences the mechanical performance of concrete. Concretes using a variety of C&D aggregate porosity classes and different water/cement ratios were produced and the mechanical properties measured. For concretes produced with constant volume fractions of water, cement, natural sand and coarse aggregate from recycled mixed C&D waste, the compressive strength and Young modulus are direct exponential functions of the aggregate porosity. Sink and float technique is a simple laboratory density separation tool that facilitates the separation of cement particles with lower porosity, a difficult task when done only by visual sorting. For this experiment, separation using a 2.2 kg/dmA(3) suspension produced recycled aggregate (porosity less than 17%) which yielded good performance in concrete production. Industrial gravity separators may lead to the production of high quality recycled aggregate from mixed C&D waste for structural concrete applications.; FINEP (Fundo Verde e Amarelo/Habitare); SINDUSCON-SP; FAPESP; CNPq; CAPES

The Effect of Coating Patterns with Spinel-Based Investment on the Castability and Porosity of Titanium Cast into Three Phosphate-Bonded Investments

PIERALINI, Anelise R. F.; BENJAMIN, Camila M.; RIBEIRO, Ricardo Faria; SCAF, Gulnara; ADABO, Gelson Luis
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.05%
Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of pattern coating with spinel-based investment Rematitan Ultra (RU) on the castability and internal porosity of commercially pure (CP) titanium invested into phosphate-bonded investments. The apparent porosity of the investment was also measured. Materials and Methods: Square patterns (15 x 15 x 0.3 mm(3)) were either coated with RU, or not and invested into the phosphate-bonded investments: Rematitan Plus (RP), Rema Exakt (RE), Castorit Super C (CA), and RU (control group). The castings were made in an Ar-arc vacuum-pressure machine. The castability area (mm(2)) was measured by an image-analysis system (n = 10). For internal porosity, the casting (12 x 12 x 2 mm(3)) was studied by the X-ray method, and the projected porous area percentage was measured by an image-analysis system (n = 10). The apparent porosity of the investment (n = 10) was measured in accordance with the ASTM C373-88 standard. Results: Analysis of variance (One-way ANOVA) of castability was significant, and the Tukey test indicated that RU had the highest mean but the investing technique with coating increased the castability for all phosphate-bonded investments. The analysis of the internal porosity of the cast by the nonparametric test demonstrated that the RP...

Reliability of a method for evaluating porosity in denture base resins

PERO, Ana Carolina; MARRA, Julie; PALEARI, Andre Gustavo; SOUZA, Raphael Freitas de; RUVOLO-FILHO, Adhemar; COMPAGNONI, Marco Antonio
Fonte: WILEY-BLACKWELL Publicador: WILEY-BLACKWELL
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Background: The method of porosity analysis by water absorption has been carried out by the storage of the specimens in pure water, but it does not exclude the potential plasticising effect of the water generating unreal values of porosity. Objective: The present study evaluated the reliability of this method of porosity analysis in polymethylmethacrylate denture base resins by the determination of the most satisfactory solution for storage (S), where the plasticising effect was excluded. Materials and methods: Two specimen shapes (rectangular and maxillary denture base) and two denture base resins, water bath-polymerised (Classico) and microwave-polymerised (Acron MC) were used. Saturated anhydrous calcium chloride solutions (25%, 50%, 75%) and distilled water were used for specimen storage. Sorption isotherms were used to determine S. Porosity factor (PF) and diffusion coefficient (D) were calculated within S and for the groups stored in distilled water. anova and Tukey tests were performed to identify significant differences in PF results and Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn multiple comparison post hoc test, for D results (alpha = 0.05). Results: For Acron MC denture base shape, FP results were 0.24% (S 50%) and 1.37% (distilled water); for rectangular shape FP was 0.35% (S 75%) and 0.19% (distilled water). For Classico denture base shape...

Avaliação da liberação de monômero residual, absorção de água e porosidade superficial em resinas acrílicas para prótese ocular; Evaluation of residual monomer, water sorption and porosity by acrylic resins used to eye prostheses

Oliveira, Rodrigo Elias de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/03/2008 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
A necessidade do aprimoramento das técnicas de confecção de próteses oculares que permitam satisfazer, com rapidez e excelência, a demanda de atendimento de pacientes portadores de perdas do bulbo ocular, levou ao desenvolvimento deste estudo comparativo no qual se avalia a porosidade superficial, absorção de água e liberação de monômero residual de resinas acrílicas. Foram estabelecidos quatro grupos de estudo, sendo cada grupo composto por 15 corpos de prova: Grupo 1 - resina acrílica termo polimerizável convencional / ciclo térmico convencional; Grupo 2 - resina acrílica termo polimerizável em microondas / ciclo microondas; Grupo 3 - resina acrílica termo polimerizável convencional / ciclo microondas; Grupo 4 - resina acrílica auto polimerizável com cadeia cruzada / auto polimerização. A avaliação da quantidade de monômero residual liberado foi realizada por meio de espectrofotometria, durante o período de 11 dias. A determinação da absorção de água baseou-se na diferença do peso apresentado pelos corpos de prova nas condições experimentais seco e após submersão em água deionizada por um período de 7 dias. A determinação da porosidade superficial foi calculada sob a forma de porcentagem por área de superfície analisada...

Projeto e caracterização de membranas cerâmicas utilizando microfibras como precursoras de porosidade; Design and characterization of ceramic membranes using microfibers as precursors of porosity

Prado, Giovana Gabriel
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/06/2014 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.05%
Este trabalho trata do estudo da introdução de fibras poliméricas como agente porogênico na manufatura de membranas cerâmicas de alta resistência mecânica. Membranas cerâmicas são utilizadas para a separação de substâncias onde a estabilidade química e a resistência à alta temperatura são requeridas; na engenharia mecânica é também aplicada como mancais aerostáticos. A escolha do processo de manufatura destas membranas e o projeto da porosidade da estrutura cerâmica é de grande importância. Quando se utiliza da adição de elementos porogênicos, que são substâncias que se decompõem durante a queima deixando poros (abertos e fechados), altera não somente a porosidade como também a seletividade e permeabilidade da membrana, bem como diminui suas propriedades mecânicas. Este trabalho objetiva membranas com poros micrométricos e submicrométricos para aplicações em microfiltração ou em mancais aerostáticos, porém que tenham a maximização da sua resistência mecânica. Para isso foi idealizada a obtenção de membranas permeáveis com a menor porosidade possível. Então, propôs-se a adição de fibras poliméricas (fibras de polipropileno, fibras de carbono e fibras de álcool polivinílico) como agentes porogênicos em uma massa cerâmica de alumina que após granulada foi prensada na forma de pastilhas e sinterizadas. As membranas foram caracterizadas por ensaios de permeabilidade ao ar...

Quantification of porosity evolution from unaltered to propylitic-altered granites: the 14 C-PMMA method applied on the hydrothermal system of Lavras do Sul, Brazil

Bongiolo, Everton Marques; Bongiolo, Daniela Elias; Sardini, Paul; Mexias, Andre Sampaio; Siitari-Kauppi, Marja; Gomes, Marcia Elisa Boscato; Formoso, Milton Luiz Laquintinie
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
Este trabalho é uma aplicação do método 14C-polimetilmetacrilato na comparação da evolução da porosidade entre granitos não alterados e propilitizados, utilizando amostras da região de Lavras do Sul, Brasil. Este método, quando associado a análises por petrografia ótica, eletrônica e processamento digital de imagens tem a vantagem de fornecer, além da porosidade total, a quantificação e identificação da porosidade em locais específicos das rochas. Apartir da petrografia foi possível identificar e quantificar os diferentes tipos de poros presentes nas rochas (microfraturas, limites de grãos, alteração de minerais, etc). Os resultados mostram que granitos não alterados têm porosidade de 0,5 a 0,6% e granitos propilitizados 1,7 a 1,8%, com valores semelhantes para rochas de texturas diferentes. A porosidade das rochas alteradas aumenta, principalmente, devido à maior porosidade dos minerais neoformados como clorita, calcita e sericita e de microfraturas. Observações de campo mostram que halos de alteração fílica, posteriores à propilitização, são maiores em rochas equigranulares do que em porfiríticas, o que não pode ser explicado pelo valor semelhante da porosidade original dessas rochas. A difusão diferencial da alteração fílica foi...

Metodologias para a previsão do comportamento mecânico e para a análise da variação da porosidade de um solo siltoso tratado com cal em diferentes tempos de cura; Methodologies to foresee the mechanical behavior and analysis the porosity variation of a silty soil treated with lime in different curing time periods

Johann, Amanda Dalla Rosa
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.09%
A técnica de tratamento de solos com cal ou cimento vem sendo empregada com sucesso na engenharia geotécnica, melhorando as características do solo, que por ser um material complexo e muito variável nem sempre satisfaz as necessidades da obra a ser realizada. As últimas pesquisas em solos tratados com cal mostram o desenvolvimento de metodologias de dosagem baseadas em critérios racionais (como a relação água/cimento para o concreto), onde a relação volume de vazios/volume de cal desempenha papel fundamental na obtenção da resistência desejada. O volume de vazios (ou a porosidade) é um fator importante nestas metodologias de dosagem, e ainda não existem técnicas que quantifiquem este fator (como o ensaio de porosimetria por injeção de mercúrio para o concreto) e também modelos que permitam o entendimento do comportamento da porosidade dessas misturas o longo do tempo de cura (como o modelo de Powers para o concreto). Assim, esta pesquisa tem como objetivo verificar a influência da quantidade de cal (Ca), da porosidade (h), do teor de umidade (w) e do tempo de cura (t), sobre a resistência à compressão simples (qu), sobre a resistência à tração (qt) e sobre a rigidez inicial (Go) de um solo siltoso estabilizado com cal (misturas caulim-cal)...

The Effect of Coating Patterns with Spinel-Based Investment on the Castability and Porosity of Titanium Cast into Three Phosphate-Bonded Investments

Pieralini, Anelise R. F.; Benjamin, Camila M.; Ribeiro, Ricardo Faria; Scaf, Gulnara; Adabo, Gelson Luis
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 517-522
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.05%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 05/03105-1; Purpose: This study evaluated the effect of pattern coating with spinel-based investment Rematitan Ultra (RU) on the castability and internal porosity of commercially pure (CP) titanium invested into phosphate-bonded investments. The apparent porosity of the investment was also measured.Materials and Methods: Square patterns (15 x 15 x 0.3 mm(3)) were either coated with RU, or not and invested into the phosphate-bonded investments: Rematitan Plus (RP), Rema Exakt (RE), Castorit Super C (CA), and RU (control group). The castings were made in an Ar-arc vacuum-pressure machine. The castability area (mm(2)) was measured by an image-analysis system (n = 10). For internal porosity, the casting (12 x 12 x 2 mm(3)) was studied by the X-ray method, and the projected porous area percentage was measured by an image-analysis system (n = 10). The apparent porosity of the investment (n = 10) was measured in accordance with the ASTM C373-88 standard.Results: Analysis of variance (One-way ANOVA) of castability was significant, and the Tukey test indicated that RU had the highest mean but the investing technique with coating increased the castability for all phosphate-bonded investments. The analysis of the internal porosity of the cast by the nonparametric test demonstrated that the RP...

Measurement of Interfacial Porosity at the Acrylic Resin/Denture Tooth Interface

Pero, Ana Carolina; Marra, Julie; Paleari, Andre Gustavo; Fagundes Pereira, Wellington Roberto; Barbosa, Debora Barros; Compagnoni, Marco Antonio
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 42-46
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 05/52151-6; Purpose: Small pores of almost uniform shape and size are common in polymeric materials; however, significant porosity can weaken a denture base resin and promote staining, harboring of organisms such as Candida albicans, and bond failures between the artificial tooth and denture base resin. The aim of this study was to investigate the porosity at the interface of one artificial tooth acrylic resin (Trilux, copolymer of polymethyl methacrylate, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, and color pigments) and three denture base resins: Acron MC (microwave-polymerized), Lucitone 550 (heat-polymerized), and QC-20 (heat-polymerized).Materials and Methods: Ten specimens of each denture base resin with artificial tooth were processed. After polymerization, specimens were polished and observed under a microscope at 80x magnification. The area of each pore present between artificial tooth and denture base resin was measured using computer software, and the total area of pores per surface was calculated in millimeter square. The Kruskal-Wallis test was performed to compare porosity data (alpha = 0.05).Results: Porosity analysis revealed the average number of pores (n)...

Reliability of a method for evaluating porosity in denture base resins

Pero, Ana Carolina; Marra, Julie; Paleari, Andre Gustavo; de Souza, Raphael Freitas; Ruvolo-Filho, Adhemar; Compagnoni, Marco Antonio
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 127-133
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Processo FAPESP: 05/02964-0; Background:The method of porosity analysis by water absorption has been carried out by the storage of the specimens in pure water, but it does not exclude the potential plasticising effect of the water generating unreal values of porosity.Objective:The present study evaluated the reliability of this method of porosity analysis in polymethylmethacrylate denture base resins by the determination of the most satisfactory solution for storage (S), where the plasticising effect was excluded.Materials and methods:Two specimen shapes (rectangular and maxillary denture base) and two denture base resins, water bath-polymerised (Classico) and microwave-polymerised (Acron MC) were used. Saturated anhydrous calcium chloride solutions (25%, 50%, 75%) and distilled water were used for specimen storage. Sorption isotherms were used to determine S. Porosity factor (PF) and diffusion coefficient (D) were calculated within S and for the groups stored in distilled water. anova and Tukey tests were performed to identify significant differences in PF results and Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn multiple comparison post hoc test...

Porosity measurement of solid pharmaceutical dosage forms by gamma-ray transmission

de Oliveira, Jose Martins; Andreo Filho, Newton; Chaud, Marco Vinicius; Angiolucci, Tatiana; Aranha, Norberto; Germano Martins, Antonio Cesar
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V. Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 2223-2228
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.02%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); The aim of the present work is the determination of porosity in tablets by using the gamma-ray transmission technique Tablet dissolution depends on some inherent characteristics of the manufacturing process, such as compression force, tablet volume, density and porosity, nature of excipients, preparation methods and its physical-chemical properties Porosity is a measure of empty spaces in a material and can be determined by various techniques In this paper, we propose the use of a gamma-lay transmission technique to obtain the porosity of experimental formulation of tablets. The results of porosity were compared with those obtained by using conventional methodology (density and mercury intrusion) The experimental setup for gamma-ray transmission consists of a gamma-ray source of (241)Am (photons of 59.6 keV and an activity of 3.7 x 10(9) Bq), an Nal(Tl) scintillation detector, collimators and a standard gamma-ray spectrometry electronics. Our results suggest that the gamma-ray transmission technique is a powerful tool for non-destructive porosity quantification of solid pharmaceutical forms and presents smaller errors than those obtained with conventional methodologies (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

Influence of microwave polymerization method and thickness on porosity of acrylic resin

Pero, Ana Carolina; Barbosa, Débora Barros; Marra, Juliê; Ruvolo-Filho, Adhemar Colla; Compagnoni, Marco Antonio
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 125-129
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
Purpose: This study evaluated the influence of polymerization cycle and thickness of maxillary complete denture bases on the porosity of acrylic resin. Materials and Methods: Two heat-activated denture base resins - one conventional (Clássico) and one designed for microwave polymerization (Onda-Cryl) - were used. Four groups were established, according to polymerization cycles: A (Onda-Cryl, short microwave cycle), B (Onda-Cryl, long microwave cycle), C (Onda-Cryl, manufacturing microwave cycle), and T (Clássico, water bath). Porosity was evaluated for different thicknesses (2.0, 3.5, and 5.0 mm; thicknesses I, II, and III, respectively) by measurement of the specimen volume before and after its immersion in water. The percent porosity data were submitted to Kruskal-Wallis for comparison among the groups. Results: The Kruskal-Wallis test detected that the combinations of the different cycles and thicknesses showed significant differences, and the mean ranks of percent porosity showed differences only in the thinnest (2.0 mm) microwave-polymerized specimens (A = 53.55, B = 40.80, and C = 90.70). Thickness did not affect the results for cycle T (I = 96.15, II = 70.20, and III = 82.70), because porosity values were similar in the three thicknesses. Conclusions: Microwave polymerization cycles and the specimen thickness of acrylic resin influenced porosity. Porosity differences were not observed in the polymerized resin bases in the water bath cycle for any thickness. © 2007 by The American College of Prosthodontists.

Integração de dados sísmicos 3D e de perfis geofísicos de poços para a predição da porosidade de um reservatório carbonático da Bacia de Campos; Integration of 3D seismic data and geophysical well logs for porosity prediction of a carbonate reservoir in Campos Basin

Roberta Tomi Mori
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 09/04/2015 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.09%
Uma boa caracterização geológica dos reservatórios é de grande importância para a diminuição dos riscos da perfuração de um poço seco, assim como os custos de exploração e desenvolvimento de tal reservatório. No presente trabalho, buscou-se predizer os valores de porosidade de um reservatório através da integração de dados sísmicos 3D com perfis geofísicos de poços através de dois métodos: Regressão Linear Multiatributo e Redes Neurais Artificiais. O reservatório em questão é de constituição carbonática de origem Albiana, do final do Cretáceo Inferior. Na primeira etapa, foram traçados horizontes baseando-se em eventos sísmicos contínuos nas seções sísmicas, chamados superfícies cronoestratigráficas, no intervalo de profundidade que abrange o reservatório. Na segunda etapa, foram obtidos predições dos valores de porosidade do reservatório, assim como os respectivos modelos 3D, através dos dois métodos acima citados. Com a RLM, foram obtidos valores altos, baixos e intermediários de porosidade, variando desde 5% até 40%. Já com a RNA, tais valores variaram de 5% a 30%. Em ambos os métodos, os valores de porosidade apresentaram um crescimento da porção sudoeste em direção à porção nordeste...

Effect of quality, porosity and density on the compression properties of cork

Anjos, Ofélia; Pereira, Helena; Rosa, Emilia
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.98%
The compression properties of cork were studied on samples obtained from cork planks of two commercial quality classes (good and poor quality), with densities ranging from 0.12–0.20g cm−3 and porosities from0.5 to 22.0%. The stress-strain curves were characterized by an elastic region up to approximately 5% strain, followed by a large plateau up to 60% strain caused by the progressive buckling of cell walls, and a steep stress increase for higher strains corresponding to cell collapse. The direction of compression was a highly significant factor of variation, with cork showing higher strength for the radial compression. Density influenced compression and cork samples with higher density showed overall larger resistance to compression in the three directions. In the elastic region, an exponential model of Young’s modulus in function of cork density could be adjusted. The effect of porosity on compression was small and the stress-strain curves were similar regardless of the porosity of the samples, although there was a trend toward an overall increase of stress with porosity for higher strains. Porosity was characterised by a high variability in the anatomical features of the lenticular filling material and the presence of collapsed and thick walled lignified cells. The inclusion of a porosity parameter for the modelling of the elastic modulus did not improve the prediction obtained with densitybased models. There was no significant difference in the compression properties of cork samples obtained from cork planks of good and poor quality classes.

Quantification of porosity evolution from unaltered to propylitic-altered granites: the 14C-PMMA method applied on the hydrothermal system of Lavras do Sul, Brazil

Bongiolo,Everton M.; Bongiolo,Daniela E.; Sardini,Paul; Mexias,André S.; Siitari-Kauppi,Marja; Gomes,Márcia E.B.; Formoso,Milton L.L.
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Ciências Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.07%
This work is an application of the 14C-Polymethylmethacrylate method to compare the porosity evolution between unaltered and propylitic-altered granites, using samples from Lavras do Sul region, Brazil. This method, when coupled with optical and electronic petrography has the advantage over other methods to provide the quantification and identification of total and local porosity of rocks. From petrographic observations, different kinds of porous zones were identified and quantified (microfractures, grain boundaries, alteration of minerals, etc). Results show that unaltered granites have 0.5 to 0.6% porosity and propylitic-altered ones have 1.7 to 1.8% porosity, even between samples with different textures. Porosity of altered rocks increases mainly due to higher porosity of neoformed chlorite, calcite, sericite and microfractures. Field observations show that later phyllic alteration halos are wider in equigranular than in porphyritic granites, which could not be explained by different original porosity between those rocks. The observed differences of phyllic halos diffusion were controlled by structural and fluid/rock ratio variations between the equigranular and porphyritic granitic facies during the later hydrothermal stage.

A study of the porosity of gas filtration cakes

Ito,L. X.; Aguiar,M. L.
Fonte: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering Publicador: Brazilian Society of Chemical Engineering
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2009 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.02%
The purpose of this work was to determine the porosity of gas filtration cakes composed of powdery organic and inorganic materials, employing a technique whereby an optical microscope generates images of the powdery layer deposited on the surface of the filtering medium. To this end, experimental cake filtration porosity data were obtained as a function of the surface filtration velocity. The images generated by the optical microscope were analyzed by using an image analyzing program that supplied the cake porosity values. The results revealed that porosity decreases as surface filtration velocity increases. The average porosity of corn starch was higher than that of tapioca powder and phosphate concentrate, possibly due to the shape of the particles, differences in the physicochemical characteristics of the materials, and grain distribution. Based on the relation of the experimental average porosity data and the filtration velocity, an empirical correlation was found that better fit these parameters.

Effect of porosity on the tensile properties of low ductility aluminum alloys

Mugica,Gustavo Waldemar; Tovio,Daniel Oscar; Cuyas,Julio César; González,Aulio César
Fonte: ABM, ABC, ABPol Publicador: ABM, ABC, ABPol
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2004 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The literature contains reports of several studies correlating the porosity and mechanical properties of aluminum alloys. Most of these studies determine this correlation based on the parameter of global volumetric porosity. These reports, however, fail to separate the effects of microstructural features and porosity on alloys, though recognizing the influence of the latter on their mechanical properties. Thus, when the decrease in tensile strength due to the porosity effect is taken into account, the findings are highly contradictory. An analysis was made of the correlation between mechanical properties and global volumetric porosity and volumetric porosity in the fracture, as well as of the beta-Al5FeSi phase present in 380 aluminum alloy. Our findings indicate that mechanical properties in tension relating to global volumetric porosity lead to overestimations of the porosity effect in detriment to the mechanical properties. Moreover, the proposed models that take into account the effects of particles, both Si and beta-Al5FeSi, are unapplicable to low ductility alloys.

Depth Relationships in Porosity and Permeability in the Mount Simon Sandstone (Basal Sand) of the Midwest Region: Applications for Carbon Sequestration

Medina, Cristian R.; Barnes, David A.; Rupp, John A.
Fonte: Universidade de Indiana Publicador: Universidade de Indiana
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 4833209 bytes; application/pdf
EN_US
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This poster was presented at the 2008 Annual Meeting of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG) and the Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE), held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, from October 11-15, 2008.; Porosity and permeability values collected from core analyses in the Upper Cambrian Mount Simon sandstone indicate a predictable relationship with depth owing to diagenetic changes in the pore structure. This predictive relationship is useful for evaluating the geological carbon sequestration capacity in the Midwestern region. Porosity logs from wells in the study area provide additional sources of petrophysical data. The regional trend of decreasing porosity with depth is described by the equation: φ(d) = 16.36 * e-0.00012*d (r2=0.41), where φ equals porosity and d is depth in feet. The correlation between burial depth and porosity can help predict the petrophysical character of the Mount Simon sandstone in more deeply buried and largely undrilled portions of the basin. Understanding the relationship among porosity, permeability, and depth also provides information for use in numerical models that simulate supercritical carbon dioxide flow within the Mount Simon sandstone. The decrease of porosity and permeability with depth generally holds true on a basinwide scale. However...

Velocity-porosity Relationships, 1: Accurate Velocity Model for Clean Consolidated Sandstones

Knackstedt, Mark; Arns, Christoph; Pinczewski, Wolf Val
Fonte: Society of Exploration Geophysicists Publicador: Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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37.02%
We use numerical simulations to derive the elastic properties of model monomineralic consolidated sandstones. The model morphology is based on overlapping spheres of a mineral phase. We consider model quartzose and feldspathic sands. We generate moduli-porosity relationships for both the dry and water-saturated states. The ability to control pore space structure and mineralogy results in numerical data sets which exhibit much less noise than corresponding experimental data. The numerical data allows us to quantitatively analyze the effects of porosity and the properties of the mineral phase on the elastic properties of porous rocks. The agreement between the numerical results and available experimental data for clean consolidated sandstones is encouraging. We compare our numerical data to commonly used theoretical and empirical moduli-porosity relationships. The self-consistent method gives the best theoretical fit to the numerical data. We find that the empirical relationship of Krief et al. is successful at describing the numerical data for dry shear modulus and that the recent empirical method of Arns et al. gives a good match to the numerical data for Poisson's ratio or Vp/Vs ratio of dry rock. The Raymer equation is the best of the velocity-porosity models for the water-saturated systems. Gassmann's relations are shown to accurately map between the dry and fluid-saturated states. Based on these results...

Porosity evolution in tight gas sands of the Upper Triassic Xujiahe Formation, western Sichuan basin, China

Chen,Dongxia; Pang,Xiongqi; Xiong,Liang; Wang,Lei; Xie,Mingxian
Fonte: Instituto de Geología, UNAM Publicador: Instituto de Geología, UNAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 EN
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A recent exploration verified a significant gas potential of tight sands of the Upper Triassic Xujiahe Formation from the western Sichuan basin of southwest China. The mechanism for gas entrapment in basin-centered areas needs to be further studied, and porosity evolution is a key factor for understanding this issue. In order to assess the porosity evolution in those sands, an integrated approach was applied consisting of: plane-light and ultra-violet fluorescence petrography, fluid inclusion microthermometry and properties, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, basic sandstone texture and mineralogical compositions, diagenetic features, pore types, and porosity and permeability. An overall diagenetic history of the Xu2 Member of Xujiahe Formation was deduced based on petrographic textural relationships, diagenetic minerals, fluid inclusion homogenization temperatures, organic matter maturation and burial history curve. Further, we constructed a porosity prediction model for the evolution history of the Xu2 Member tight gas sand after considering the initial porosity prediction model, the role of compaction and cementation on porosity loss, and the impact of dissolution on secondary porosity. The study revealed that the diagenetic process of the Xu2 Member tight sand occurred in five phases. Up to the late depositional age of the Xu4 Member...