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As competências organizacionais de resolução de conflitos e o consenso no processo decisório estratégico em ambientes organizacionais instáveis, complexos e não munificientes: um estudo no setor de telefonia fixa; Conflict-resolution organizatinal competences and the consensus on the strategic decision-making process in dynamic, complex and non-munificent organizational environments: a study in the fixed-voice telephony segment

Bataglia, Walter
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/05/2006 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.21%
A presente pesquisa visou levantar dados que permitissem aprofundar o entendimento sobre as habilidades organizacionais de resolução de conflitos e sua relação com o consenso entre os gestores no processo decisório estratégico de organizações inseridas em ambientes organizacionais dinâmicos, complexos e não munificentes (DCM-). Desenvolveu-se, para tanto, um conjunto de hipóteses relacionando esses construtos, que foram testadas com dados sobre o processo decisório estratégico de organizações do segmento de Telefonia Fixa do setor de Telecomunicações da economia brasileira. Os dados foram coletados pela aplicação de 39 questionários em gestores selecionados, via amostragem aleatória simples, de uma população alvo de 55 gestores. As hipóteses foram testadas usando-se as técnicas estatísticas de análise de significância univariada e de análise de regressão bivariada e multivariada. Os resultados mostraram que as características do ambiente organizacional DCM- influenciam o desenvolvimento de competências organizacionais de resolução de conflitos nas organizações nele inseridas, gerando duas possíveis abordagens para a solução dos conflitos que emergem entre os gestores no processo decisório estratégico. Na primeira...

A barganha federativa e o processo decisório na Nova República; The federal bargain and the decision-making process in the New Republic (after 1988)

Nogueira, André Ricardo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/05/2009 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
Esta tese explora as relações entre federalismo e partidos legislativos no sistema político brasileiro. Demonstra que os maiores partidos nacionais apresentam expressiva concentração regional de suas bancadas na Câmara dos Deputados, isto é, a maior parte de seus deputados federais provém de poucos estados. Em geral, de três a sete seções estaduais são suficientes para compor a maioria simples das maiores bancadas partidárias na Câmara dos Deputados. Conjuntamente, esses partidos somam entre 75% e 91% (em média 81%) do plenário da Câmara dos Deputados. PPB, PTB, PMDB, PSDB e PT são legendas cujos parlamentares estão altamente concentrados em poucos distritos das regiões estados do Sul e Sudeste, enquanto a representação do PFL se concentra no Sudeste. Como conseqüência, uma minoria (entre 25 e 30%) dos deputados é capaz de mobilizar, através da formação de maiorias no interior dos seus respectivos partidos, a maioria qualificada (60%) no plenário da Câmara dos Deputados. Esta maioria é suficiente para aprovar qualquer legislação. A concentração partidária em poucas seções estaduais se traduz na escolha dos líderes partidários, sendo que dois em cada três deles é oriundo das seções partidárias estaduais de alta concentração. A escolha da presidência da Mesa Diretora da Casa segue lógica similar...

A prospecção do futuro como suporte à busca de informações para a decisão empresarial: um estudo exploratório; The use of future studies to support information searching for decision making: exploratory research.

Yoshida, Nelson Daishiro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/10/2011 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.98%
Nesta pesquisa foi estudada a prática de prospecção do futuro (estudos do futuro) como suporte à busca de informações para a decisão empresarial. Dentre os objetivos da pesquisa se encontram a busca de associações entre os métodos de prospecção e as diferentes categorias de informação, a avaliação da importância atribuída à atividade de prospecção, a identificação da frequência de uso e dos horizontes de tempo para os quais os métodos são utilizados, bem como a obtenção do grau de satisfação percebida com os resultados obtidos. A pesquisa é realizada por metodologia mista, quantitativa e qualitativa. Foram feitos levantamento de dados quantitativos e estudos de casos, e os resultados foram analisados de forma complementar. Na amostra de respondentes foi identificado que há associação entre a categoria da informação que está sendo prospectada e os métodos de estudos do futuro. Determinados métodos são mais utilizados para algumas categorias de informação, a exemplo do método de Cenários para buscar informações sobre Política e Sociedade. Por outro lado, determinadas combinações apresentaram menor uso, como o método Roadmap Tecnológico para buscar informação sobre Tecnologia. É atribuída elevada importância para a prospecção do futuro. Tal avaliação depende do tipo de decisão ser estratégico ou tático...

The usefulness of financial reporting for the internal decision-making in the Portuguese municipalities

Nogueira, Sónia Paula da Silva; Jorge, Susana Margarida; Oliver, Mercedes Cervera
Fonte: Emerald Publicador: Emerald
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 07/03/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.12%
The aim of this study is to analyse the perceptions of internal users regarding the usefulness of financial reporting in the context of decision-making of Portuguese Local Administration. To do this, a survey questionnaire to all municipalities’ decision-makers (both technical and political) was carried out. The main findings suggest that usefulness of municipalities’ financial reporting, in its current form and content, is high. Nevertheless, this usefulness would increase with the introduction of other information apart from the one that is currently required to disclose. In general, the two different groups of decision-makers – technical and political – have a slightly different behaviour with respect to the usefulness attributed to municipalities’ financial reporting, within the context of internal decision-making. The technical decision-makers assign more usefulness than politicians. Additionally, there is a preference, albeit slight, by all users for cash-based budgetary information, although accrual-based information (patrimonial and cost accounting) also reveals a high usefulness

Use of research results in policy decision-making, formulation, and implementation: a review of the literature

Almeida,Celia; Báscolo,Ernesto
Fonte: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Publicador: Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sergio Arouca, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.96%
This paper offers a critical review of the theoretical literature on the relationship between the production of scientific knowledge and its use in policy formulation and implementation. Extensive academic output, using a diversity of approaches and analytical frameworks, has sought to systematize knowledge transfer categories and strategies with a view to improving the application of scientific knowledge. A considerable part of this thinking addresses the problem from a more traditional perspective, which (explicitly or implicitly) regards research results as an "accumulable product", depicts the decision-making process simplistically and linearly, and thus restricts strategies to the suiting of research endeavors to needs. Newer approaches place greater importance on the complexity of policymaking and the knowledge production process, which are integrated into and explained in particular political and institutional settings. Although the application of knowledge transfer ideas to health policy and systems research does generate some interesting contributions, a long process of theoretical thinking lies ahead.

The real rules of the budget game : minority fiscal decision making in the United States Senate

Simon, Marsha Jean
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 183 leaves; 10700861 bytes; 10708607 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.98%
This study examines the consequences of the Gramm-Rudman super-majority budget rules on fiscal decision making in the Senate. It attempts to determine the efficacy of these rules as defined by those who advocate them, Public Choice scholars and conservative activists, by testing both whether they restrain spending overall and, second, whether they more often block spending benefiting concentrated special interests than other types of spending. The study concludes that super-majority budget rules do not restrain spending, much less spending on special interest legislation. The Gramm-Rudman rules were not responsible for the budget surplus that emerged in the late 1990s, and public choice scholars have no credible explanation for the surplus. Further, I argue that these rules have had the unintended effect of strengthening the hand of the leadership of the committees responsible for spending and tax legislation and diminished the ability of other Senators to influence money bills. These rules have compounded the anti-democratic bias of the Senate, increased hold-out costs, and generally made the legislative process less transparent and understandable to the public and even to the Senators themselves.; by Marsha Jean Simon.; Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Curriculum decision making in a research university: an interplay between ideologies and influences

Roberts, Pamela Judith
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
EN_AU
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.96%
This empirical study addresses the need to better understand how academics design undergraduate curricula and the influences that shape their decisions. The study draws on literatures from the perspectives of curriculum and the teaching-research nexus to identify a framework for investigating curriculum decisions that comprises all potential influences in the higher education context, including research. Interviews were held with 20 academics from a range of disciplines who were working at a research university and were both research active and committed to teaching. These participants were selected to represent a group who experienced the dynamics between research and teaching in their curriculum practice. The process of higher education curriculum decision making was found to be an iterative web, with multiple starting points and pathways. The common starting points, in order of frequency, were course content, learning outcomes, and teaching and learning activities. The findings suggest that there is no one best pathway for curriculum design, because the iterative process means that decisions are progressively revisited and refined. Beginning from learning outcomes is helpful for providing a framework for thinking about other curriculum decisions; however a focus on teaching and learning experiences leads to more innovative curriculum approaches. There is widespread awareness that students need to be engaged...

Coevolving a computer player for resource allocation games : using the game of Tempo as a test space.

Avery, Phillipa Melanie
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2008
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
Decision-making in resource allocation can be a complex and daunting task. Often there exist circumstances where there is no clear optimal path to choose, and instead the decision maker must predict future need and allocate accordingly. The application of resource allocation can be seen in many organizations, from military, to high end commercial and political, and even individuals living their daily life. We define resource allocation as follows: the allocation of owner’s assets to further the particular cause of the owner. We propose two ways that computers can assist with the task of resource allocation. Firstly they can provide decision support mechanisms, with alternate strategies for the allocations that might not have been previously considered. Secondly, they can provide training mechanisms to challenge human decision makers in learning better resource allocation strategies. In this research we focus on the latter, and provide the following general hypothesis: Coevolutionary algorithms are an effective mechanism for the creation of a computer player for strategic decision-making games. To address this hypothesis, we present a system that uses coevolution to learn new strategies for the resource allocation game of TEMPO. The game of TEMPO provides a perfect test bed for this research...

The science of social reasoning and decision making: foundations of a new social-liberal theory.

Fisher, Ian Matthew
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.14%
This study addresses the dialectic between two kinds of liberal political philosophy which have strongly influenced Western politics, and remain highly relevant to current debates – libertarian theory and social-liberal theory. In particular, it examines how representative theories on both sides are based on claims about our human nature as reasoning, self- determining, individual agents; and claims about how this nature may be fulsomely expressed or inhibited under different kinds of socio-political conditions. I show that broadly naturalistic claims of this sort support normative claims about aspects of our nature we ought to value, and about the kind of political system we ought to prefer. Social-liberals and libertarians disagree about how human capacities for reasoning, self-determining agency will tend to fare within a liberal State-free market political system. This leads them to different conclusions about the role of the State. The overall approach is to test the relevant claims about our nature and social psychology against current theory and evidence in cognitive neuroscience and epidemiology, and then to interpret the normative implications for each political position. At the heart of the project is a neuroscience-based model of capacities for everyday social reasoning and decision making (‘SRD’ capacities)...

Public Opinion and Japanese Foreign Policy Decision-Making Processes During the Koizumi Administration; Japans öffentliche Meinung und außenpolitische Entscheidungsprozesse während der Koizumi Administration

Pohlkamp, Elli-Katharina
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
Recent studies diverge in their assessments of the extent to which Japanese public opinion may have an influence in foreign policy-making. Societal participation has traditionally not played a significant role in policy formation. This view has been strongly represented in academia until today. Over the 1990s a visible change and an emerging societal activism was taking place in Japan. Research has only recently begun to understand how, and to what extend, public opinion affects the policy-making process on salient domestic issues, but we know far less about the relationship to and effects of public opinion on Japan’s foreign policy-making. The aim of this PhD thesis is to take a closer look at the possible impact of public opinion in Japanese foreign policy decision-making during the leadership of Prime Minister Koizumi (2001-2006). More precisely, to identify and test conditions, which facilitate the impact of public opinion in the foreign policy decision-making processes of Japan. The results shall contribute to explanations of governmental behavior during a strong prime ministerial leadership. Further evidence shall be given, how and when a strong leader chooses to react to public opinion. Methods used in this study are cases study analysis and process-tracing. Reconstruction and interpretation as well as standardized...

A simulation study of organizational decision making under conditions of uncertainty and ambiguity .

Athens, Arthur J.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.05%
Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited.; The usual frameworks applied to the analysis of military decision making describe the decision process according to the rational model. The assumptions inherent in this model. however, are not consistent with the reality of warfare's inherent uncertainty and complexity. A better model is needed to address the ambiguilty actually confronting the combat commander. The garbage can model of organizational choice, a nonrational approach to decision making, provides insight into how the elements of an organization interact under problematic conditions. A system simulation associated with the garbage can framework was adapted to model certain aspects of complex decision situations, providing a foundation for studying attention mechanisms like triggering, deadlines, and structural adaptations. The results and implications of this research apply not only to the military, but also to business and political organizations, as they too must often confront these conditions of uncertainty and complexity; http://archive.org/details/simulationstudyo00athe; Captain, United States Marine Corps

The role of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine in political decision-making process

Syvak, Oleksiy
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: x, 69 p. : ports.
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The thesis examines the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine (NSDC) and its role in the political decision-making process. Within the context of the post-Soviet period, this research analyzes the development of the NSDC's influence on political process in Ukraine since 1994. In addition, the thesis evaluates the place of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine and, in particular, of its Secretary in Ukrainian government. The present research analyzes and compares the experience of leading East-European and former Soviet Union countries as well as that of the United States of America in resolving the issues of national security policy. This study also makes suggestions about how to apply those experiences to the Ukrainian situation. The purpose of this thesis is to define the potential of the National Security and Defense Council as an actor of the Ukrainian political arena, and to find the strengths and weaknesses of the NSDC. The offered conclusions refer to the factors that undermine the NSDC's practical power in the political realm, conditions under which one might expect changes to the Council's contemporary role in the Ukrainian government, and the experiences of national security institutions of other countries and their application to the NSDC.; Civilian...

The legitimacy of supranational decision-making

JOERGES, Christian
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.02%
The 'comitology mode' of decision-making can be interpreted as a response to the non-unitary and non-hierarchical ('heterarchical') nature of the EU. It is of exemplary importance since it represents an institutionalized sui generis response to the regulatory needs of the 'multilevel system of governance sui generis' that characterizes Europe's political economy.

Sustainable and Strategic Decision Making in Mining and Enhancing Environmental and Social Sustainability of Mining : Executive Summary

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Mining/Oil and Gas
ENGLISH; EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
65.96%
This paper aims to inform Armenia's policy dialogue on environmental and social issues in the mining sector. The paper is based on the premise that for the mining sector to have positive, long-term impacts in Armenia, it is necessary to take into consideration the short- and long-term environmental and social impacts of the sector and to promote strategic planning and efficient management of natural resources. The mining sector in Armenia has yet to adopt global best practices in this sector, and this paper aims to provide guidance on some of the mechanisms that can be adopted to improve the governance and overall impact of mining in the country. The document is structured as follows: chapter one presents an introduction to this thematic paper. Chapter two provides an overview of the mining sector in Armenia, including its underpinning institutional and regulatory framework. It also singles out policy gaps and regulatory inconsistencies that need to be addressed. Chapter three presents some useful lessons of the application of Strategic Environmental and Social Assessment (SESA) as a tool for sustainable planning of mining development in the country. This chapter also compares uses of an SESA versus Environmental Impact Assessments and defines the need and use of Cumulative Impact Assessment (CIA). Chapter four describes the principles of valuation of natural capital as a means to complement traditional cost-benefit analysis and comparisons of development alternatives in the decision-making process. Chapter five looks at the design and implementation of benefit-sharing mechanisms to ensure that the mining activities lead to positive social impacts across the country. Chapter six looks at the process of determining and dealing with the social costs of mining in Armenia. Chapter seven provides a series of conclusions and recommendations as well as implementation challenges that will summarize the application of such recommendations in present-day Armenia and its mining sector.

Decision-making theory applied to India's explosion of a nuclear device in May, 1974

Biscoe, Adam John.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.12%
This essay reviews the decision-making process that led to India exploding a nuclear device in May, 1974. An examination of the Analytic, Cybernetic and Cognitive Theories of decision, will enable a greater understanding of the events that led up to the 1974 test. While each theory is seen to be only partially useful, it is only by synthesising the three theories that a comprehensive account of the 1974 test can be given. To achieve this analysis, literature on decision-making in national security issues is reviewed, as well as the domestic and international environment in which involved decisionmakers operated. Finally, the rationale for the test in 1974 is examined. The conclusion revealed is that the explosion of a nuclear device by India in 1974 was primarily related to improving Indian international prestige among Third World countries and uniting a rapidly disintegrating Indian societal consensus. In themselves, individual decision-making theories were found to be of little use, but a combination of the various elements allowed a greater comprehension of the events leading up to the test than might otherwise have been the case.

Decision Making in the Environmental Impact Assessment Process

Evans, Robert
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Relatório
Publicado em 08/04/2014 EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
This essay analyzes the decision-making processes used by government agencies to approve or reject projects that have significant impacts on the environment. One may believe that an agency will use a well-defined procedural process for making decisions, but in reality, various internal and external factors have greater influences over the decision maker. This essay examines some of the real-life inputs into the decision-making process and analyzes the results of three agency decisions that affected the environment. To begin with, I will describe some of the basic requirements for decision making as provided in the implementing regulations for the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). I will also discuss several academic observations about decision making with an emphasis on environmental assessments. I present three case studies involving different projects that were analyzed by government agencies using the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) process. For each example, I provide an overview of the project and the significant issues as documented in the respective EISs. I also describe the agencies’ final decisions and the reasons given for each decision. I plan to demonstrate that government agencies tend to elevate social...

A Decision making environment the healthcare industry

Ovenshire, Terry
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
EN_US
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.07%
This was a pilot study on the decision making environments in the health care industry. A critical incident questionnaire which was developed by Boone & Kilmann (1988) and later used by Janet Barnard (1992) in her research "Decision Environments of Small Firms" was adapted. The questionnaires were sent to 201 employees at the facility in the first sampling. A response of almost 50% was received, but the food service department was only represented by 3 respondents. It was decided that a second sampling would be sent to that department to assure a large enough set of respondents to use as a comparison group. Among the 1 13 final respondents, the majority (79%) are female employees. Most of the participants are over 35 years old, and their years of experience in the health care industry range from 11 to over 20 years, while 79% of the respondents have a Bachelors degree or higher education level. In part one of the questionnaire, the respondent was asked to consider and briefly describe a work related decision in which he/she was recently involved. There were 77 participants (68.1%) who answered this question, of those 62 were operational decisions and 15 were strategic decisions. Part two of the questionnaire was a set of 32 questions randomly arranged. The set of 32 questions were divided in 6 main factors: factor 1- Inputs...

Decision process in agriculture cooperatives of Paraná: a comparative analysis, using rational model and political decision model; Processo decisório nas cooperativas agroindustriais do Paraná: uma análise comparativa utilizando o modelo racional e o modelo político de decisão

Barreiros, Reginaldo Ferreira; Protil, Roberto Max; Moreira, Vilmar Rodrigues
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de RP Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de RP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
As cooperativas agropecuárias apresentam diferenças peculiares em relação às sociedades mercantis: são sociedades de pessoas e não de capital, e desta forma os cooperados exercem simultaneamente as funções de proprietário, cliente e fornecedor, com o conseqüente estabelecimento de relações comerciais e econômicas de diferentes naturezas e, por conta disso, surgem interesses nem sempre convergentes entre os cooperados e as cooperativas. Neste contexto, o estudo do processo decisório em nível estratégico torna-se uma tarefa não trivial, se consideradas as particularidades deste tipo de organização. Este artigo apresenta conceitos sobre o processo decisório nas organizações além de caracterizar as cooperativas agropecuárias. A partir da abordagem racional de decisão, com foco na racionalidade limitada, e do modelo político de decisão, foi desenvolvido um modelo conceitual de pesquisa compatível com o processo decisório das organizações cooperativas, e que foi validado com base em dados empíricos, coletados em vinte cooperativas agropecuárias singulares do estado do Paraná. O artigo conclui que a natureza do processo decisório é diferente entre as duas fases estudadas: a de (i) organização dos cooperados e a de (ii) posicionamento das cooperativas no mercado. Se comparadas as duas fases...

Avaliação econômica e tomada de decisão em saúde ambiental; Evaluación económica y toma de decisiones en salud ambiental; Economic evaluation and decision-making in environmental health

Gutiérrez Zúñiga, Cristina; Hernández Peña, Patricia; Ortiz Guerrero, Claudia; Zurutuza Fernández, Rocío; Santos-Burgoa, Carlos
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/1994 SPA
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.15%
Devido à crescente deterioração ambiental e as suas possíveis conseqüências para a saúde da polulação,torna-se necessário priorizar o desenho e instrumentação de políticas que controlem as atividades econômicas, considerando a proteção à saúde humana e ao próprio ambiente. É preciso que essas políticas considerem a factibilidade econômica das alternativas de proteção existentes. Não obstante, pela quantidade de interesses na área ambiental, outros fatores como o social e o político também devem ser considerados. A avaliação econômica tem sido vista como fundamental para a tomada de decisões nessa matéria. Foi analisada a capacidade desta ferramenta para organizar de forma sistemática e comparável os custos e os benefícios de alternativas para a solução dos problemas ambientais.Foram sintetizadas as principais características dos estudos de custo-benefício e custo-efetividade,as formas de avaliação econômica do ambiente e as particularidades desta área para a aplicação dessas técnicas de análise. Foram analisados os limites encontrados nessas ferramentas para calcular os custos não monetários dos riscos ambientais e dos danos conseqüentes à saúde, como a dor, o sofrimento ou a incapacidade de pessoas economicamente inativas...

Through the needle's eye: the Council presidency and legislative decision-making in the European Union

Warntjen, Andreas
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2007 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.05%
The thesis scrutinizes the effects of the Council Presidency on legislative decision making in the European Union Council of Ministers. The rotating Council Presidency has been one of most prominent topics of discussion in the debate on institutional reform. So far, however, a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of the Presidency is missing. The thesis addresses two questions: 1. Does the Council presidency have an impact on legislative activity in the Council? 2. Does the Council presidency gain disproportional benefits from the policies agreed upon during its term in office? The methodology used in the thesis consists of an exploratory case study, secondary analysis of the Decision-making in the European Union (DEU) data set, and statistical analysis of an original data set covering legislative activity from 1984-2003. It presents evidence for an effect of the Presidency on both legislative activity and decision outcomes.