Página 1 dos resultados de 2572 itens digitais encontrados em 0.012 segundos

Organized Crime and Terrorism: From the Cells Towards Political Communication, A Case Study

FERNANDEZ, Luciana M.
Fonte: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD Publicador: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
ENG
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.1%
During the first half of 2006 the city of Sao Paulo suffered three series of violent attacks against the security forces, civilians, and the government. The violent campaign also included a massive rebellion in prisons and culminated in the kidnapping of a journalist and the broadcast of a manifesto from the criminal organization PCC threatening the police and the government. Right after, the main device used to contain organized crime in the prisons was declared unconstitutional. This episode represents a prototypical example of the use of media-focused terrorism by organized crime for projection into the political communication arena.

"Hiperterrorismo e mídia na comunicação política"; Hyperterrorism and the media in the political communication arena

Fernandez, Luciana Moretti
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/12/2005 PT
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
O terrorismo tem hoje uma estrutura reticular e hipertrofiada e é percebido como ameaça à segurança internacional. Entre suas características estão o potencial de destruição em massa e o uso estratégico da mídia como via de acesso ao sistema de comunicação política, onde concorre pela cristalização das idéias dominantes e pela conquista dos públicos. Este estudo tem como objetivos identificar as características do terrorismo contemporâneo, observar como utiliza a mídia para sua projeção na esfera de visibilidade pública e finalmente realizar um mapeamento do enquadramento que recebeu nas revistas Isto É, Veja e Carta Capital entre setembro de 1999 e outubro de 2004. Concluiu-se que o terrorismo utiliza a ameaça para se projetar no espaço midiático, que efetivamente concorre pelo debilitamento moral do inimigo e pela conquista de apoio público e recursos, e que é apresentado na mídia como uma forma de guerra assimétrica que revela um conflito ideológico bipolar entre o liberalismo ocidental e o totalitarismo do islamismo radical.; Terrorism nowadays has a reticular, hypertrophic structure and it is seen as an international security threat. Among its characteristics are the potential for mass destruction and the strategic use of the media as a means of propelling itself into the political communication system seeking to enforce its ideas and win over public opinion. The aim of this study is to identify the features of contemporary terrorism...

A política na rede: percepções dos estudantes de ciências da comunicação, ciência política, jornalismo e sociologia sobre os políticos no facebook

Vinagre, Carla Marisa Duarte
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 05/11/2013 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.27%
Mestrado em Informática Aplicada à Sociedade da Informação e do Conhecimento; Entre os milhões de utilizadores do Facebook encontram-se muitos elementos da classe política. Um pouco por todo o mundo, os políticos foram-se transformando em nós desta rede social que emergiu, ela própria, da organização da sociedade numa lógica de rede. A presença em sites de redes sociais tem-lhes conferido a possibilidade de estabelecer uma comunicação directa com os cidadãos, sem ser mediada pelos media. Essa comunicação ocorre numa altura em que os cidadãos, particularmente os mais jovens, demonstram uma crescente vontade de assumir compromissos cívicos no contexto online. Tendo em conta a possibilidade de aproximação entre a classe política e os cidadãos jovens desencadeada pela presença de ambos em redes sociais, o presente trabalho averigua “Em que medida é que o Facebook é um meio utilizado pelos estudantes do ensino superior – dos cursos de Ciências da Comunicação, Ciência Política, Jornalismo e Sociologia – para obter e gerar informação política?”. Para tal realizou-se um questionário onde se inquiriu 332 estudantes universitários, de ambos os géneros, a frequentar o 2.º ou o 3.º ano dos cursos referidos. Os resultados obtidos revelaram que o Facebook é sobretudo utilizado por estes estudantes para obter informação não política/governamental. Ainda assim...

Science communication as political communication

Scheufele, Dietram A.
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
Scientific debates in modern societies often blur the lines between the science that is being debated and the political, moral, and legal implications that come with its societal applications. This manuscript traces the origins of this phenomenon to professional norms within the scientific discipline and to the nature and complexities of modern science and offers an expanded model of science communication that takes into account the political contexts in which science communication takes place. In a second step, it explores what we know from empirical work in political communication, public opinion research, and communication research about the dynamics that determine how issues are debated and attitudes are formed in political environments. Finally, it discusses how and why it will be increasingly important for science communicators to draw from these different literatures to ensure that the voice of the scientific community is heard in the broader societal debates surrounding science.

O Twitter nas campanhas eleitorais: novos desafios para os atores políticos em Goiás; Twitter. Election campaigns. Strategies of political communication in Goiás

Fernandes, Luiz Carlos do Carmo
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em História (FH); Faculdade de Ciências Sociais - FCS (RG) Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; Brasil; UFG; Programa de Pós-graduação em História (FH); Faculdade de Ciências Sociais - FCS (RG)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
This thesis aims to understand the changes occurring in the political and electoral communication from the adoption of Law No. 12.034/2009 - which regulates in detail the use of the Internet as a political communication tool in Brazilian electoral process , through a regional crop . Ie , understand how political actors of Goiás are facing the challenges , primarily through the use of on-line social networks in the election campaigns – the object of study is Twitter , whose use was analyzed in the election campaigns of 2010 and 2012. Therefore , traditional techniques of sociology and new possibilities brought by the analysis of on-line social networks were used , gathering ethnographic research on-line , qualitative on-line interviews , content analysis of tweets and search with the use of internet tools . The final results of this study suggest that the use of on-line social networks in political campaigns expanded the agenda and ways to communicate with society and started require political actors , a presence on social networks on-line increasingly attentive and lasting .The topics covered during the election period were extended , while still prevailing own campaign and public policy proposals . In relation to the speech was possible to observe a major change : information / news...

Bürgerengagement und Protestpolitik. Das politische Wirken des „Remstalrebellen“ Helmut Palmer und die Reaktionen seiner Mitmenschen; Civic engagement and protest politics. The political legacy of the "rebel of the Remstal" Helmut Palmer and the reactions of his fellow men

Knauer, Jan
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
DE_DE
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.23%
Die Dissertation untersucht politische Kommunikation, Protestpolitik und Bürgerengagement in der Bundesrepublik anhand des politischen Einzelkämpfers Helmut Palmer (1930-2004), des „Remstalrebellen“. Helmut Palmer zählt zu den bemerkenswertesten Persönlichkeiten in der Geschichte des Bundeslandes Baden-Württemberg. Mit seinem Wirken als Protestpolitiker ohne Unterstützung durch eine Organisation oder Partei prägte er seit den 1960er Jahren in ca. 300 Bürgermeister-, Landtags- und Bundestagswahlen das politische Leben Baden-Württembergs mit, ohne je ein Amt oder Mandat innegehabt zu haben. Dabei erreichte er beachtliche Wahlergebnisse. Die Arbeit konzentriert sich hauptsächlich auf die 1960er bis 1990er Jahre. Baden-Württemberg, mit einem Fokus auf Zentralwürttemberg und dem Großraum Stuttgart, bildet den geographischen Rahmen der Studie. Die Studie analysiert die Reaktionen von Helmut Palmers Umwelt – von Bürgern, politischen Eliten, Medien sowie der Staatsverwaltung, insbesondere Justiz und Polizei – auf dessen jahrzehntelanges Wirken. Damit betrachtet sie zugleich die Entwicklung der heutigen bundesrepub-likanischen Bürgergesellschaft und ihrer politischen Kultur in lokalen und regionalen Lebenswel-ten. Gefragt wird nach dem Umgang unseres demokratischen Gemeinwesens mit einem aufrührerischen Bürger...

„Schräg, schrill, dreckig“ Virales Marketing als Kommunikationsinstrument des modernen Wahlkampfs; Viral marketing as a communication tool in the context of election campaigns and political communication

Kießling, Daniel
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: ResearchPaper
DE_DE
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.16%
Das Paper stellt das vergleichsweise neue Kommunikationsinstrument des Viralen Marketings im Kontext des Wahlkampfs und der politischen Kommunikation vor. Unter dem Begriff des Viralen Marketings kann ein Konzept verstanden werden, bei dem Internetteilnehmer gezielt dazu gebracht werden sollen, die Kommunikationsbotschaft eines Absenders zu verbreiten. Dabei wird die Botschaft mit einem interessanten Inhalt versehen, der den Empfänger der Botschaft motiviert, diese ebenfalls weiterzu-reichen. Das Paper umfasst eine Darstellung der Funktion und Nutzungsformen des Internets im modernen Wahlkampf. Ausgehend von Veröffentlichungen der Viral-Marketing-Praxis, werden ferner Spezifika und „Weitervermittlungsanreize“ des Viralen Marketings vorgestellt. Mit entscheidend für die Informationsdiffusion im Viralen Marketing ist der Kommunikationsfluss in sozialen Netzwerken. Im Zuge einer Darstellung des Viralen Marketings im US- und bundesdeutschen Wahlkampf, werden drei exemplarisch ausgewählte virale Wahlspots von Bündnis 90/Die Grünen vorgestellt. Während sich Bündnis 90/Die Grünen durch einen konsistenten und sachgemäßen Einsatz von Viralem Marketing auszeichnen, kann allgemein festgehalten werden, dass deutsche Parteien viele Kommunikationsmaßnahmen unzutreffenderweise als „viral“ ausweisen und somit einer Verwässerung des Begriffs Vorschub leisten.; This paper introduces viral marketing as a communication tool in the context of election campaigns and political communication. Viral marketing can be understood as a concept that aims at providing internet users with messages that are relevant to their needs and therefore worth passing them on. Hence the paper provides information on the functions and ways of utilization of the internet in modern election campaigns. On the basis of practical findings on viral marketing...

Political web journalism and the online covering of 2002 presidential elections; Webjornalismo político e a cobertura online das eleições presidenciais de 2002

Borges, Juliano
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Peer-reviewed Article Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 15/12/2008 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.14%
Brazilian web journals of great companies of communication exist since 1995. However, it was only in 2002 that the electoral journalistic covering in the Internet gained impulse, acquiring relevance in the campaign and constituting itself as political communication phenomenon in the country. In part, it is caused by the high degree of competition of those elections. Nevertheless, the reference that became the political covering online in 2002 is also caused by the matureness and sophistication of vehicles of communication in the Internet, which had been capable to work with great autonomy, but also intensely interacting with its printed versions. Although this phenomenon had been noticed in the United States, in 1996, in the dispute between Clinton and Dole (SELNOW, 1998), and its influence has grown in the following elections (JOHNSON and KAYE, 2003), in Brazil this was the first occasion when the use of the Internet by the candidates was seriously applied with electoral objectives.; O trabalho avalia as características essenciais do jornalismo político manifestadas em webjornais, tendo como referência de análise as eleições presidenciais de 2002. De forma empírica, foram investigadas as particularidades da cobertura jornalística para demonstrar que o pressuposto da velocidade de resposta própria do webjornalismo...

Interações entre veículos impressos e online: novos espaços para a comunicação política; Interaction between print and online media: new places for political communication

Borges, Juliano
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 14/04/2009 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.06%
O objetivo deste artigo é compreender, empiricamente, as interações entre jornais impressos e webjornais no âmbito da comunicação política. A análise do funcionamento dos veículos revela uma intensa relação entre os diferentes meios de comunicação, ora com incorporações de informações publicadas nos webjornais, ora com desprezo pelo que foi trazido na véspera pela versão «online». O trabalho investiga as motivações editoriais e esclarece os mecanismos técnico-profissionais que orientam a produção de notícias no contexto da interação entre meios de comunicação.; The aim of this empirical article is to understand interactions between press journals and webjournals on political communication. The analysis of media working method reveals a intense relationship between then, sometimes incorporating information published by webjournals, sometimes discarding what have been published by online version. This paper investigates editorial motivations and clarifies technical procedures responsable for news prodution on the context of media interaction.

Os blogs como meios de comunicação política; Blogs as means of political communication

Serra, Joaquim Paulo
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Comunicações e Artes
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/06/2015 POR
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.13%
The paper analyzes and discusses the role of portuguese blogs as ameans of political communication. In our mediatized societies, political activityis inseparable from media, which constitute a kind of “media parliament” whereeverything is decided before the specifically political decision. It is preciselythis “parliament” that blogs seek to influence and thereby the parliament itselfand governmental action; that is, the main influence of blogs fits in what hasbeen called intermedia agenda-setting. And to the extent that blogs give voiceto many citizens and voices outside the mainstream media, they can be seen asrepresenting an extension of the public sphere – even if in some cases they areused as one more tool of the “politics as usual”.; O texto analisa e discute o papel dos blogues portugueses enquanto meios de comunicação política. Nas nossas sociedades mediatizadas, a atividade política é indissociável dos media¸ que constituem uma espécie de “parlamento mediático” onde tudo se decide antes da decisão propriamente política. É precisamente sobre esse “parlamento” que os blogues procuram influir e, desse modo, influir no parlamento propriamente dito e na ação governativa; ou seja, a principal influência dos blogues enquadra-se naquilo a que se tem chamado agendamento intermediático. E...

Jamming the political: beyond counter-hegemonic practices

Cammaerts, Bart
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /03/2007 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.01%
While the notion of cultural jamming has been around for several years little or no attention has gone to the appropriation of cultural jamming techniques by political actors in their political communication practices. These ‘political‘ jams are not directed at the corporate world as such, like the cultural jam, but towards society at large or governments, towards changing values or behaviours and even at times against minorities or common enemies. The actors involved are not only radical or grassroots activists, but also professional civil society organisations, political parties and even at times government sponsored agencies. This already indicates that the political jam cannot be coined as a counter-hegemonic practice per se, as is the case with cultural jamming. Reactionary groups and mainstream political parties, as well as corporate actors are increasingly adopting these techniques. This article will address the historical cultural legacy on which cultural and political jamming builds. It will also critically assess the role of the Internet as a distributive means for political jams and its consequences for the notion of the public sphere.

Political advertising in the crossroad of political pragmatism and political ideology

Kissas, Angelos
Fonte: Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies Publicador: Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies
Tipo: Article; PeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.28%
The study of political advertising so far could be an exemplar of the schism that permeates the whole study of political communication nowadays; the schism between the politics of pragmatism and the politics of ideology. This paper comes to counter-argue that the study of political advertising can become an exemplar of the reconciliation of these two different areas of concern in so far as we do justice to the ontological status of discourse in political communication. This means that we should not take discourse to be a derivative of electoral design, as the legacy of modernization has taught us, but to be the primary locus where all strategies of political communication are meaningfully articulated. It is not, however, the articulation on the basis of political philosophy (ideology in liberal political theory) and for the reproduction of the social order (ideology in critical cultural studies) that grasp the ideological potential of contemporary, aestheticized and managerialized, political communication. It is rather, as I will argue, drawing on post-structuralist discourse theory, the re-contextualization of symbolisms from the past, interwoven with the precarious institutional interests and asymmetries of the present, which lies at the heart of the ideological potential of political advertising. It is...

Book review: Making sense of media and politics: five principles in political communication

Moise, Andreea
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/12/2011 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
After an explosive year for politics and the media, Gadi Wolfsfeld’s Making Sense of Media and Politics will appeal to those interested in gaining a thorough understanding of the powerful role that media has in shaping political outcomes, finds Andreea Moise.

Book review: making sense of media and politics: five principles in political communication

Moise, Andreea
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/12/2011 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.91%
After an explosive year for politics and the media, Gadi Wolfsfeld’s Making Sense of Media and Politics will appeal to those interested in gaining a thorough understanding of the powerful role that media has in shaping political outcomes, finds Andreea Moise.

Book review: political myths and magic: the persuasive power of metaphor

Suss, Joel
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 07/07/2012 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.94%
Politicians and Rhetoric will interest those fascinated with linguistics, rhetoric and political communication, providing a lucid insight into the way metaphors and political myths are developed by politicians seeking to achieve an intended effect, finds Joel Suss. Politicians and Rhetoric: The Persuasive Power of Metaphor. Jonathan Charteris-Black. Palgrave MacMillan. September 2011.

More spinn’d against than spinning? Public opinion, political communication, and Britain’s involvement in the 2003 invasion of Iraq

Strong, James
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Research Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Research
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 EN; EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
When Tony Blair took Britain to war in Iraq in 2003, he overruled vociferous opposition from both the wider public and members of his own governing party. Public opinion was exercised by the issue on a vast scale. Over one million marched in London against the war. Opinion polls uniformly showed majority opposition to the use of force. Newspapers, the engine of media debate in this country, mostly attacked the government line, and encouraged their readers to protest or even, in one case, to rebel. The story of Iraq, however, is not simply one of an ideological or misguided premier dragging the entire nation to battle against its will. It is not simply one of ‘spin’, dossiers, Alastair Campbell, and Weapons of Mass Destruction. Much of the debate, and much of the hostility it generated, focused on areas that foreign policy analysts would consider peripheral; the domestic political consequences of war, the role of ‘spin doctors’ in the assessment of intelligence, and the question of whether the Prime Minister’s (successful) efforts to build a strong alliance with the world’s last superpower had transformed him into the President’s ‘poodle’. Interactions between ministers and the media were conditioned on both sides by an intimidating array of structural pressures. Diplomatic and journalistic calculations often clashed...

BLOG.GOV: winning digital hearts and minds?: professionalization, personalization and ideology in foreign policy communication

Benaissa, Amal
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2011 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.24%
Discussions of blogging as a form of political communication have mainly centred on the context of election campaigns, national domestic issues, citizen political blogging and mainstream media blogs. The rise of government blogging as an alternative news source in the aftermath of the 2003 war in Iraq, however, is much less addressed by scholars. This thesis examines the case of the US State Department blog Dipnote in order to study the dynamics of blogging as foreign policy communication and public diplomacy. The focus of the analysis is on posts relating to the Middle East, towards which US foreign policy attention was primarily geared after 9/11. The broader research question of this thesis attempts to determine the relative importance of professionalization, personalization and ideology in influencing the content on the official foreign policy blog of the U.S. government, in order to advance the theoretical understanding of blogging in the context of foreign policy communication and public diplomacy. A content analysis of blog posts was conducted between the period of September 2007, when the blog was launched, and March 2010. In addition to this, several interviews were conducted with the management of the blog at the State Department. Furthermore...

Political communication in the 1991 general election in India with special reference to Andhra Pradesh.

Karan, Kavita
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //1997 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.17%
This research on Political Communications in the general elections and its effectiveness is one of the first of its kind on India, the literature having concentrated on voting behaviour in relation to socio-economic characteristics. The importance of communication during elections has been inadequately researched because of the diversity of the country. Through a content analysis of the coverage of election information in the media and case studies of party campaigns, the study evaluates the campaign practices in the mass media and conventional interpersonal forms. It highlights the electronic and outdoor forms like posters, wall writings, symbol displays and cutouts that were important during the 1991 elections. The thesis then examines the impact of these campaigns through a panel survey on a sample of 1155 electors from the three constituencies of Hyderabad, Secunderabad and Nagarkurnool in Andhra Pradesh. The voting patterns have been evaluated in relation to access to and the impact of different forms of political' communications. Research revealed that Indian political communication campaigns were well organised and professional advertising agencies were hired to promote the parties. Campaigns have been systematically planned through the development of creative and media strategies. Apart from the mass media channels...

Do old habits die hard? Change and continuity in the political-media complex at the outset of the Mexican democracy

Vaca Baqueiro, Maira
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: text
Publicado em /04/2014 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
55.98%
This thesis speaks directly to the literature that assess the links between distinctive political regimes and the media. But rather than using normative expectations or current afflictions from the political regime or the emerging media system in new democracies as a entry point into the study, this research builds on the notion of ‘political-media complex’ (Swanson 1992, 1997) to centre the analysis on three institutional factors: (1) the rules that institutions enforce to give order; (2) the organizational dynamic that institutions impose over individuals’ roles, and; (3) the patterns of change and tendencies that institutions take from but also inflict on historical rules and practices. Drawing on the analysis of interviews with government communicators that served at the outset of the Mexican democracy (2000-2006) and on a supportive document research of official documents, the thesis shows that ‘thinking institutionally’ about the state-media relation allows a better understanding of how formal rules, bureaucratic structures, managerial strategies and certain professionalization patterns of the political communication mould this interaction. Less evident but equally relevant is the influence that informal arrangements impose on this interaction. It cannot simply be assumed that proscriptions (statutory regulation...

More spinn’d against than spinning?: public opinion, political communication, and Britain’s involvement in the 2003 invasion of Iraq

Strong, James
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /06/2012 EN
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.1%
When Tony Blair took Britain to war in Iraq in 2003, he overruled vociferous opposition from both the wider public and members of his own governing party. Public opinion was exercised by the issue on a vast scale. Over one million marched in London against the war. Opinion polls uniformly showed majority opposition to the use of force. Newspapers, the engine of media debate in this country, mostly attacked the government line, and encouraged their readers to protest or even, in one case, to rebel. The story of Iraq, however, is not simply one of an ideological or misguided premier dragging the entire nation to battle against its will. It is not simply one of ‘spin’, dossiers, Alastair Campbell, and Weapons of Mass Destruction. Much of the debate, and much of the hostility it generated, focused on areas that foreign policy analysts would consider peripheral; the domestic political consequences of war, the role of ‘spin doctors’ in the assessment of intelligence, and the question of whether the Prime Minister’s (successful) efforts to build a strong alliance with the world’s last superpower had transformed him into the President’s ‘poodle’. Interactions between ministers and the media were conditioned on both sides by an intimidating array of structural pressures. Diplomatic and journalistic calculations often clashed...